Electrostimulator

FIELD: medical equipment.

SUBSTANCE: electrostimulator can be used for programming different modes of stimulation for restoration of patient's sensor system. Electrostimulator has control unit composed of controlling microcontroller and feedback signal input, unit for communicating with control system which has first input and output to be correspondingly the first and second input and output of electrostimulator. The second input and output are connected with first input and the second output of controlling microcontroller. First output of microcontroller is connected with input of influence parameters forming unit. Electrostimulator is also provided with stimulation pulses influence electrodes. Control unit additionally has influence parameters reading detectors. First input of the detectors is connected with third output of microcontroller, the second input is connected with output of influence parameters forming unit, the first input is connected with first input of analog amplifiers and the second output has to be the second output of electrostimulator and it is connected with stimulation pulses influence electrodes. Input of feedback signal is connected with second input of analog amplifiers and it has to be the second input of electrostimulator.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of restoration of functions of sensor systems.

8 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to computer technology and can be used in medicine, for example, for the diagnosis of diseases of the auditory, visual and other systems by electrical stimulation of the retina, visual, auditory, and other nerves, subcortical visual, auditory, and other centers and the cortical representation of the visual, auditory analyzer.

A device for electrical stimulation, containing the power supply, frequency Converter, the power generation of control pulses, energy storage, output blocks, groups of electrodes, the power supply is connected with the energy storage unit and generating control pulses associated with energy storage, interacting through a transformer with multiple output units and electrodes, made in the form of groups located within one another in the closed conductive concentric rings located in the centers of symmetry of the active and indifferent electrodes, and an active and indifferent electrodes are connected to the first output unit and the electrodes in the form of concentric rings connected in pairs to the rest of the weekend the blocks. The device may be equipped with one group or two groups of electrodes in the form of a closed conductive concentric rings (see RF patent for the invention №2061510, the PC And 61 N 01/36, publ. 10.06.1996 year).

A disadvantage of the known device is a narrow set of parameters of possible impacts and the lack of control effects on the visual system of the patient. Therefore, when using this device there is a necessity of asking the patient about changes in the course of action that may not be reliable information.

It is also known a device for the treatment of diseases of the optic tract by means of electrical stimulation, consisting of a high-voltage transformer, electrode effects, heart rate, simulator pulse, the matching node, switch, pulse shaper, key, block adjustment of the amplitude of the pulses of the rectifier tomographically resistor, switch the polarity of the pulses of active and passive electrodes, frequency counter, block selection modes, buttons, "More", "Less", "start", "Stop", the setting unit charge indicator, two elements, OR trigger, the charge meter, voltage reference, comparator and one-shot and the sensor input pulse is connected to the patient, the sensor output pulse corresponds to the node connected to the first input of the switch to the second input of which is connected simulator pulse, the output of the switch is connected to the frequency counter and to the first input of the pulse shaper, the second input of which is connected to the first output of the block selection mode, the second output of which is connected to the first input of switch polarity pulses, the input block selection mode is connected to the first output of the pulse shaper, the second output of which is connected to the first input key, the second input is connected to the trigger output, the first input unit installation charge and to the first input of the first element OR the outputs of key and block adjustment of the amplitude of the pulses connected respectively to first and second inputs of the high-voltage transformer, the output of which is connected in series through the rectifier and tomographically resistor connected to the second input of the switch the polarity of the pulses, the first and second outputs through which the active and passive electrodes connected to the patient, the third output switch the polarity of the pulses is connected to the indicator and to the first input of the charge meter, the second input is connected to the output of the first element OR the output of the charge meter and a source of reference voltage connected to the first and second inputs of the comparator, the output of which through the one-shot is connected to the second inputs of the first element OR unit installation charge, third and fourth inputs of which are connected respectively with the button "More", "Less", the output setting unit charge and the Stop button is connected to the first and second inputs of storageelement OR the output of which is connected to the first input of the trigger, a second input connected to the start button (see RF patent for the invention №2074683, IPC A 61 F 09/00, A 61 N 01/00, A 61 N 01/32, publ. 10.03.1997 year).

A disadvantage of the known device is that it can implement a limited number of stimulation modes and a narrow set of parameters of possible impacts, as in the known device is set only a positive polarity pulse. In addition, there is no possibility of variation in pulse shape and control the impact on the visual system of the patient.

A device for treatment of neurovascular diseases of the eye and partial atrophy of the optic nerve that contains the current source, the frequency generator and amplifier, electrically coupled to the patient the generator is connected to three serially skommutirovany the counters, which are electrically connected with the digital to analog Converter, which is connected to analogousto the voltage Converter, the output of which is connected to the input of a block that specifies the duration of the pulses, the output of which is connected to the input of the amplifier (see RF patent for the invention №2063198, IPC And 61 F 09/00, publ. 10.07.1996 year).

A disadvantage of the known device is that it uses an unnecessarily high frequency of exposure, leading to the depletion of tro the practical resources of the visual system. In addition, in the known device there is no control effects on the visual system of the patient.

Known multi-channel stimulator, providing vision restoration in case of damage of the retina and optic nerve containing block mode selection, input block parameters, shapers cycles, series, session, count the number of pulses, the transducer signal level, channel selector, clock, power generator, the amplitude regulator and analog switch, n outputs which are outputs of the stimulator. The device also comprises a control unit, a storage unit parameters, the display unit, the imaging unit connection channels connected in a certain way (see RF patent for the invention №2093118, IPC A 61 F 9/00 A 61 N 1/36, published. 20.10.1997,).

In the known device are formed only biphasic rectangular pulses of positive polarity at a fixed frequency pulse duration, which limits the possibilities of programming pulses of any arbitrary shape, duration and polarity effects. In addition, in the known device there is also no monitoring of the impact on the visual system of the patient.

A device for electrical stimulation of the optic tract that contains the block input in the form of a keyboard; a display unit as display; nl is for communication with the computer; the power supply unit, control unit, digital to analog Converter, the driver of the stimulating pulses, which contains the amplifier, demultiplexer, two multi-area electrode and the common electrode. The control unit contains the memory parameters of the pulse generator, the counter generating time intervals, the counter number for the zone, meter rooms eyes, count the number of cycles, the count number of pulses in a cycle, the unit of comparison, the reversible counter of the number series, and a reversible counter of the amplitude of the pulses, the trigger mode setting "Start", "Stop"trigger modes "Installation", "Stimulation". When this output block input connected to the input of the control unit, the outputs of which are connected with inputs of the unit for communication with a computer, the display unit, digital to analogue Converter and shaper of the stimulation pulses (see RF patent for the invention №2009540, IPC G 06 F 15/42, And 61 N 01/36, publ. 15.03.1994 year).

In the known device, the stimulation of the visual system is the influence of successive two pulses of a given amplitude, a quantity equal to the number of pulses specified by the counter. This limits the possible effects on the visual system. In addition, in the known device there is no control effects on the visual system of the patient.

Closest to the claimed technical the definition solution is a medical device for electrostimulation, contains the control unit, including managing the microcontroller and the input of the feedback signal, the communication unit with the control system, the first input and the output of which is the first input and output of the pacemaker, respectively, the second input and output are connected respectively to the first input and the second output of the control of the microcontroller, the first output of which is connected to the input of the processing unit exposure parameters, and the electrodes of the impact of the stimulation pulses (see European patent No. 0841074, IPC A 61 N 1/365, publ. 13.05.1998 year).

The disadvantage of a medical device is the lack of control of real options impact on the patient, which may differ from the set-up for various reasons, such as violation of the contact electrodes, the change in resistance in the circuit (the resistance control circuit)that reduces the effectiveness of therapy.

The present invention is the creation of a pacemaker, in order to enhance the functional recovery of sensory systems (auditory, visual and other systems).

The technical result obtained using the invention is the ability to measure actually received by patient exposure parameters and control effects on the sensory system of the patient for indiv the dual selection of exposure parameters.

This object is achieved in that the pacemaker containing the management unit, including managing the microcontroller and the input of the feedback signal, the communication unit with the control system, the first input and the output of which is the first input and output of the pacemaker, respectively, the second input and output are connected respectively to the first input and the second output of the control of the microcontroller, the first output of which is connected to the input of the processing unit exposure parameters, and the electrodes of the effects of stimulating pulses according to the invention the control unit further comprises a sensor reading of the exposure parameters, the first input of which is connected to the third output of the control of the microcontroller, the second input - output unit formation of impact parameters, the first output to the first input of the analog amplifier and the second output is the second output of the pacemaker and is connected to the electrodes of the effects of stimulating pulses at the input of the feedback signal is connected to a second input of the analog amplifier and the second input of the pacemaker.

In addition, managing the microcontroller has a built in analog-to-digital Converter.

In addition, analog amplifiers are amplifiers parameters current, voltage damage to the Oia and the feedback signal.

While the analog outputs of the amplifiers are connected to the inputs of the built-in microcontroller analog-to-digital Converter.

In addition, the communication unit made in the form of portable radios, and the control unit is equipped with a multiplexer.

In addition, the sensors removal of impact parameters built-in multiplexer.

In this third output of the control of the microcontroller and the output processing unit exposure parameters are connected with sensors removal of impact parameters through the multiplexer.

The presence of sensors removal of impact parameters and their relationship with the elements of the pacemaker allows the measurement of the actually received by patient exposure parameters (current and voltage), the response of the patient actually received the exposure parameters and exposure controls on the touch system of the patient for individual selection of exposure parameters. This gives the possibility to adjust the exposure parameters individually for each patient, which increases the efficiency of recovery of the functions of sensory systems (auditory, visual and other systems).

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows a block diagram of the pacemaker; figure 2 - structural diagram of a variant of implementation of the pacemaker.

The pacemaker contains a communication unit with the control system, the control unit 2 and unit 3 parameters forming impact. The unit 2 control comprises a control microcontroller with 4 built-in analog-to-digital Converter 5, the sensors 6 removal of impact parameters, the input 7 of the feedback signal, analogue amplifiers 8 parameters current, voltage impact and the feedback signal and the electrodes 9 impact of the stimulating pulses.

The first input and output unit 1 communication are the first input and output of the pacemaker. The second output and the output of block 1 link connected to the first input and the second output. The first output of the control of the microcontroller 4 is connected to the input of block 2 of the formation of impact parameters.

The first input sensor 6 removal of impact parameters is connected with the third output of the control of the microcontroller 4 and the second sensor input 6 removal of impact parameters is connected to the output of block 3 of the formation of impact parameters.

The first output of the sensors 6 removal of impact parameters connected to the first input of the analog amplifier 8, and the second output of the sensors 6 removal of impact parameters is the second output of the pacemaker and is connected to the electrodes of the effects of stimulating pulses at the input of the feedback signal 7 is connected with the second output of the analog amplifiers 8 and the second input of the pacemaker is.

The analog outputs of the amplifiers 8 are connected to the inputs of the built-in microcontroller 4 analog-to-digital Converter 5.

Unit 1 communication can be made in the form of portable radios, and in the unit 2 control may be a multiplexer 10.

While the sensors 6 removal of impact parameters built into the multiplexer 10, and the third output of the control of the microcontroller 4 and the output unit 3 parameters forming impact connected with sensors 6 removal of impact parameters through the multiplexer 10.

The electrodes of the impact of the stimulating pulses can be, for example, metal or having a special nozzle gel. The second design improves the contact of the electrodes and tissue.

The pacemaker operates in the following manner.

The selected pressure, such as with a computer is input to the pacemaker through the unit 1 communication is transmitted to the control microcontroller 4.

Managing the microcontroller 4 controls all units and units of the device, the operating modes of the device, and also provides diagnostics and condition of the parts and units of the device. Managing the microcontroller 4 generates the reference signals of the current, switching the polarity, set the value of the current, and the modes by functionality (for example, on and off,storing the signals, oscillography).

The preset modes are transmitted in block 3 of the formation of impact parameters, which provides the formation of an electrical signal of different polarities, forms and duration.

The polarity of the signal, its shape and duration are selected depending on treatment methods, treatment or diagnosis.

For example, the polarity can be negative or positive, the waveform is rectangular, triangular, signal duration 30 s, 50 C.

For example, electrical stimulation of the optic nerve exposure may be carried out by a series of positive rectangular pulses of duration 10 MS, a repetition rate of 15 Hz in burst mode (5 pulses per pack), at a repetition frequency of packs of 1/s, the duration of the series 30 and the interval between series 1 minutes throughout the course of the exposure was carried out with a current amplitude of 100-300 μa mode white noise.

The generated electrical signal impacts enters the multiplexer 10, which commutes generated electric effect on the corresponding electrode 9 of the impact.

To control a given impact on the patient, in particular to monitor violations of the contact electrodes and the exclusion of artifacts by removing feedback signals, installed in a mul is AppleCare 10 sensors 6 are removed actually resulting exposure parameters, received in analog amplifiers 8. At the same time in analog amplifiers 8 input 7 signal feedback received cortical potentials caused by the electrical signals of the impact.

Analog amplifiers 8 carry out electrical normalization (transformation) of the three signals: sensor 6 is actually received by the patient voltages exposure and current exposure, with the entrance 7 of the feedback signal is a voltage caused by the electrical signals of the impact. The converted signals are transmitted through an analog-to-digital Converter 5 to the control microcontroller 4.

Managing the microcontroller 4 measurement and conversion to number three electrically normalized signals and subsequent transmission through the block 1 due to the first output of the pacemaker. The first output of the pacemaker can be connected to the computer, which according to a given program adjusts the exposure parameters, monitors parameters of therapeutic effects and response of the cerebral cortex on this action.

The unit 1 control renders the information received, records, analyzes and archives.

The pacemaker has a small size and weight, i.e. the device belongs to the category of pocket; provides specific electrical feature : the Tiki, i.e. the maximum allowable for each patient the current amplitude, voltage amplitude, the amplitude of the frequency of exposure; provides the ability to measure and document, for example to read into the computer memory actually resulting electrical effects; allows programming of different treatment methods patients and sequences of actions; provides protection from electric shock due to the possibility of information exchange over the air and Autonomous battery; provides the ability to limit functions multi-level access rights.

1. Pacemaker, containing the management unit, including managing the microcontroller and the input of the feedback signal, the communication unit with the control system, the first input and output of which are the first entrance and exit should be, respectively, the second output and input respectively connected to the first input and the second output of the control of the microcontroller, the first output of which is connected to the input of the processing unit exposure parameters, and the electrodes of the effects of stimulation pulses, wherein the control unit further comprises a sensor reading of the exposure parameters, the first input of which is connected to the third output of the control is icrocontroller, second input - output processing unit exposure parameters, the first output to the first input of the analog amplifier and the second output is the second output of the pacemaker and is connected to the electrodes of the effects of stimulating pulses at the input of the feedback signal is connected to a second input of the analog amplifier and the second input of the pacemaker.

2. The electrostimulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the control microcontroller has a built in analog-to-digital Converter.

3. The electrostimulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the analog amplifiers are amplifiers parameters current, voltage exposure and feedback.

4. The electrostimulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the analog outputs of the amplifiers are connected to the inputs of the built-in control microcontroller analog-to-digital Converter.

5. The electrostimulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the communication unit is made in the form of portable radios.

6. The electrostimulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the control unit is equipped with a multiplexer.

7. The electrostimulator according to claim 6, characterized in that the sensor reading of the exposure parameters built-in multiplexer.

8. The electrostimulator according to claim 7, wherein the third output of the control of the microcontroller and the output of block shaping the Oia exposure parameters are connected with sensors removal of impact parameters through the multiplexer.



 

Same patents:

Electric stimulator // 2271840

FIELD: medical equipment; devices for stimulation of muscular activity of organs and systems of human body by pulsed electric current.

SUBSTANCE: electric stimulator has stimulating pulse voltage generator and electrode-catheter connected with the generator. Electrode-catheter is provided with at least three contact areas disposed equidistantly along tube of electrode-catheter; contact areas are isolated from each other. Commutator and delay unit are introduced into electric stimulator. Input of commutator is connected to stimulating pulse voltage generator. Contact areas of stimulating electrode-catheter are connected with outputs of commutator through delay unit. After operation on kidneys or ureter is over, multi-electrode stimulating electrode-catheter is put along ureter and is fixed onto it in such a way that contacts of electrode-catheter would touch ureter along its whole length. To restore ureter peristalsis, electric pulse influence starts from supply of stimulation pulses to space between first and second contact areas counting from working end of catheter. Then stimulating pulse voltage is applied to space between second and third contact areas in time gap determined by speed of propagation of peristaltic wave and distance between contact areas. Then stimulating voltage is applied to space between third and fourth contact areas in the same time gap. Stimulation cycle is repeated. Due to ability of sequent excitement of ureter departments which go one after another, the peristaltic wave is excited and kept inside ureter which wave helps to constant removing of urine and dry state of operation seam is provided. Seam recovers faster and broken functions of organ restore.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of stimulation of muscular activity.

2 dwg

FIELD: medicine, renal transplantation.

SUBSTANCE: one should wash donor's kidney with cooled solution up to +10 - +8° C. Then one should apply electrodes onto the upper and lower renal poles to perform its single electrostimulation simultaneously with including renal transplant into recipient's general circulation with impulses of 5-=10 msec and sequence frequency being 1 Hz and current power of about 40-50 mcA at seance duration being about 12-15 min. The innovation enables to prevent ischemia occurred in the course of transplantation.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has supporting rings and pins manufactured from electric conductive material, fixing threaded rods manufactured from electric conductive material for clamping and fixing the supporting rings fastened on supporting rings with plug-type connection members and dielectric members and/or telescopic rods manufactured from electric conductive material for clamping and fixing the supporting rings. At least one of supporting rings is electrically insulated from the rods by means of dielectric members connected thereto.

EFFECT: accelerated bone tissue repair.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: medicine, cardiology.

SUBSTANCE: one should carry out endocardial electrophysiological trial, moreover, one should implant a bipolar stimulating electrode into posterior-septal part of right atrium to register local electrogram of both right and left atria and detect the terms for stimulation onset in each atrium. Implantation site of stimulating electrode should be determined as the follows: the difference between the time for conducting stimulation in every atrium should not exceed 10 msec.

EFFECT: the innovation enables to decrease the number of repeated operations in patients with atrial stimulation.

2 ex

FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves producing pulses of given frequency, modulating the pulse durations, amplifying the pulses and sending them via electrodes to biological object skin surface. Subelectrode skin area impedance capacitive component rate is determined during stimulation. Impedance rate value being close to zero, stimulation time interval is to be hold within 3-5 min and the stimulation is stopped next to it. Device has oscillator connected to pulse duration modulator, stimulus power setter connected to the second modulator input, pulse power amplifier connected to pulse duration modulator output, indication unit connected to the first output of power amplifier and electrodes connected to the second pulse power amplifier output and differentiation unit input. The device also has pulse duration shaper, memory unit, timer and adder. Differentiation unit output is connected to pulse duration shaper input. Shaper output is connected to memory unit input with one of adder inputs. Memory unit output is connected to the other adder input. The adder output is connected to timer. Timer output is connected to indication unit.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness and objectiveness in determining procedure duration and dose.

2 cl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying muscle electrostimulation in various periodic locomotions concurrently using two transducer types, performing locomotor-oriented stimulation with no motion. Goniometric transducers are set in the vicinity of large articulations. Podometric transducers are set under heel and forefoot and for treating fingers. Any of at least eight concurrently used transducers could be used as synchronizing one allowing proper synchronization moment to be determined. Data taken from all transducers are recorded and analyzed in course of stimulation using special purpose software to produce diagnostic information. To specify rhythm of any movement type, acoustic signal source is used.

EFFECT: high accuracy of muscle electrostimulation and movement correction in various periodic locomotions; enhanced effectiveness of locomotor-oriented stimulation of immovable patients.

13 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying stage-by-stage trunk lower extremity muscles electrostimulation with rectangular pulses sequentially in three zones. The first zone is composed of symmetric sacrospinal and gluteal muscles. Healthy extremity muscles belong to the second zone. Diseased extremity muscles belong to the third zone. The treatment is alternated with tibial and fibular nerve electrostimulation. Quadriceps and biceps muscle of thigh, anterior tibial muscle and triceps muscle of calf are the lower extremity muscles under stimulation.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of multi-channel electroneurostimulation.

5 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves acting with bipolar pulsating current of 30-100 mcA having frequency of 0.5-10 Hz upon electrode position during 10 h. The treatment course is 4-10 days long. The electrodes are arranged in known manner. The first electrode position is anterior chest wall in heart projection zone to interscapular space on the back; the second one is from front to back of the head zone; the third one takes space from right anteroinferior part of chest in liver projection to dorsal liver projection zone.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying artificial victim lung ventilation in the cases of acute hypoxia or its threatening development by means of high frequency or low frequency electrostimulation of skeletal muscle participating in respiratory activity. Sinusoidal oscillations in five radio frequency bandwidth zones from 10 kHz to 30 kHz with a step of 5 kHz are fed to pairs of active and passive electrodes symmetrically arranged and fixed in advance along superior region of trapezoid muscles 5-7 cm far from the vertebral column on its right and left side. The stimulating pulses have bipolar signal form with zero constant component in low frequency mode and signal frequency is smoothly modulated in pulse series increasing it from 20 Hz to 200 Hz to maximum amplitude with following fall to 20 Hz.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.

7 dwg

FIELD: biomedical engineering, in particular, electrostimulating devices for treatment of organs and tissues, in particular, self-contained electrostimulator of gastroenteric tract.

SUBSTANCE: the electrostimulator of the gastroenteric tract has a casing formed by two insulated from each other electrodes and a dielectric housing. A generator of stimulating pulses and a power source are installed in the casing. The generator of stimulating pulses is connected to the input of the information unit of voltage restriction and to the impedance measurement unit. The output of the impedance measurement unit via an amplifier is connected to the input by step unit of voltage restriction. The output of the voltage restriction unit is connected to the electrodes. The electrodes at the same time serve as measurement electrodes of the impedance measurement unit. The second output of the generator of stimulating pulses is connected to the drop input of the voltage restriction unit.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of electropulse action and enhanced service life.

3 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has programmable unit for producing output impulses having analog-to-digital signal converter connected to radio frequency communication unit having external programming and feeding unit and connected to wire electrode for supplying stimulation impulses to organs and tissues and biosensor units of respiratory and cardiovascular system parameters and autonomous power supply source. Electrostimulator envelope is manufactured from porous biologically inert silicon material containing carbon biosensors in the pores.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of stimulation; long service life; operation safety.

4 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has programmable unit for producing output impulses having analog-to-digital signal converter connected to radio frequency communication unit having external programming and feeding unit and connected to wire electrode for supplying stimulation impulses to organs and tissues and biosensor units of respiratory and cardiovascular system parameters and autonomous power supply source. Electrostimulator envelope is manufactured from porous biologically inert silicon material containing carbon biosensors in the pores.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of stimulation; long service life; operation safety.

4 dwg

FIELD: medicine; cosmetics; medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has DC power supply source, unit for controlling and producing starting pulses, demultiplexor unit, two-sectioned, inductance coil of high figure of merit, key amplifiers and electrode unit having coaxial active and passive electrodes. The electrode unit has electric insulating casing and external passive electrode and internal active electrode coaxially mounted on end and/or lateral casing surface. The electrodes are connected to stimulator device output via outgoing wire leads. The casing is designed as hollow truncated tetrahedral pyramid. Contact surfaces of the electrodes have revolution body surface which radius is 3-10 or more times as large as maximum external electrode size. Method involves applying the stimulator device by smoothly moving or changing place of the electrode unit having coaxial active and passive electrodes along massage lines of face and/or neck. The electrodes are connected to the inductance coil of high figure of merit (greater than 100) periodically saturated with electromagnetic energy in connecting several coil loops to DC power supply source poles for given time of 0.5-500 mcs having 1.0-12.0 V voltage. Repeated connection is carried out not earlier than in twice the connection time duration. The first electric oscillation half-wave amplitude is equal to A=20-800 V and oscillation period T=0.1-200 mcs. Treatment with electric current is administered at least every second day during 21-25 days with total treatment time being 10-40 min per day.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; high stability of contact to skin; accelerated treatment course.

21 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves using Stimul-1 apparatus. Movements applied in manual muscular testing are administered concurrently with current passed through. Initial postures are selected with injured muscle force, measured as a result of manual muscular test, taken into account. 4 points estimation being obtained, movement in articulation is carried out with gravitation force and weighting collar load of 500 g being overcome in standing sitting and lying position. 3 points high estimation being the case, movements are carried out without gravitation force being overcome in sitting position to train lower extremity articulations. 2 points high estimation being obtained, movements are carried out under easier conditions without gravitation force loading in lying initial position. 1 point being the estimation, patient strains muscle in isometric mode in lying initial position.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of rehabilitation treatment; involving earlier idle muscle fibers in work.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves setting electrode on epicardial surface of the right ventricle in making operation. Programmed right ventricle electrostimulation is carried out by means of the electrode. Superficial electrocardiogram is continuously recorded in process of stimulation. Ectopic ventricular activity being observed during electrostimulation, potential ventricular arrhythmia occurrence is predicted in postoperative period.

EFFECT: high reliability of prognosis with no arrhythmia indications in anamnesis.

3 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves exposing motor activity points of injured dorsal muscles to pulsating extremely high frequency noise radiation in bandwidth of 52-78 GHz, duration of 1 mcs, mean power flow intensity of 0.85 mcW/cm2. Their tonus is to be determined in advance. Tonus being initially high, the daily treatment session is 5-8 min long. Tonus being initially low, the daily treatment session is 2-4 min long. The total treatment course is 8-15 procedures long.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; reduced pain feeling intensity; stable treatment effect.

1 dwg, 7 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying thermomagnetic self-excitation inductance treatment of 1.2-2 Tesla units in subcortical nuclei projection with effective frequencies detected from increased amplitude of somatosensory and motor invoked potential and dophamine level growth in blood or liquor, reduced basic rhythm disorganization on electroencephalogram before and after applying thermomagnetic self-excitation inductance treatment. Synchronized median nerve electrostimulation with rectangular pulses is concurrently carried out with current intensity equal to 12-18 A and pulse duration of 0.1-0.l3 ms in trains of 3-5 s duration and 6-10 s long pauses with pulse succession frequency equal to 50 Hz daily during 15-30 min. The total treatment course is 10-20 days long.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.

Electrode device // 2252793

FIELD: medical equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device can be used in multichannel in electrical neuron-adaptive stimulators. Electrode device has joint for connecting multichannel neuron-adaptive stimulator and flat multiwired flexible cable. Each wire of cable is connected with corresponding contact of joint for switching stimulator in. Mounting shoes provided with fixing bushings are installed along the whole length of flexible cable. Electrodes are inserted into fixing bushings. Each contact of mounting shoe is connected with corresponding contact of joint via wire of flat multiwired flexible cable. Fixing metal bushing is connected contact of mounting shoe through conductor. Connection is made in such a way that number of contact corresponds to number of mounting shoe, to number of wire of multiwired flexible cable and to number of contact of joint.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of electro-therapeutic influence when treating prolonged pathological areas.

2 dwg

FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves placing negative and positive electrode on skin surface in the innervation area of the second and the third trigeminus branch. An additional negative electrode is applied in the innervation area of auriculotemporal trigeminus branch. The electrodes are fed with pulsating electric current in predefined sequence. Current intensity is controlled in stimulation process in a way that patient feels intensive sensation with no pain. Device has DC supply source connected to unit for generating pulsating electric current having three outlet leads for connecting electrodes, modulator having regulator unit, transformer, switch and microprocessor.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of anesthesia in treating teeth.

15 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: medicine, therapy, cardiology.

SUBSTANCE: at hypertension I stage a patient should be prescribed several courses of transcranial electrostimulation at interval of 1-2 mo per 5-7 seanses , current power being 0.5-0.8 mA. At hypertension II and III stages one should prescribe transcranial eletrostimulation along medicinal therapy, and, also, several courses at interval of 2-3 mo and current power being 0.8-1.2 mA. The innovation enables to remove side effects, shorten the period of in-patient therapy and reduce the dosage of hypotensive preparation.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

2 cl, 2 ex, 4 tbl

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