Hydraulic power-generating station

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device is designed for converting kinetic energy of water flow into and thermal energy. Proposed station contains dam, conduit system, hydraulic turbines and electric generators. It includes at least one swirl heat generator whose injection branch pipe is furnished with water pressure transmitter and is connected with conduit system through adapter provided with water pressure regulator made, for instance, in form of shutter whose drive is connected with water pressure transmitter.

EFFECT: possibility of generation heat energy for consumers in addition to electric energy.

1 dwg

 

The present invention relates to energy and is intended to supply the population and industrial enterprises.

All known hydraulic power station belong to the category of hydraulic power plants (Soviet encyclopedic dictionary / CH. edit Prokhorov A.M. - 3 ed. - M.: Owls. encyclopedia, 1984, s). They convert the mechanical energy of water into electrical energy through turbines driving electric generators. Their main disadvantage is monofunctionality, i.e. the ability to produce only electricity. And as consumers demand more and the heat it receives in electric heating devices or by burning fossil fuels. This approach does not apply to quite economical and requires multiple equipment, including mechanical. For the latter cannot be achieved with high reliability and operational adaptability.

As a prototype of the selected hydraulic power plant (HPP) dam performance (Polytechnical dictionary. CH. edit ISI, M.: Owls. Encyclopedia, 1976, s-116). HES contains a dam, a system of conduits, turbines and generators. It operates as follows. Water from the reservoir is fed through the system in the horseflies laid in the dam to the turbines, which results in a rotation of the generators. Selected electric power is supplied to consumers. The transformation of energy in a hydroelectric power plant is carried out according to the scheme: the mechanical energy of water → the mechanical energy of the turbine → mechanical energy generator → electric energy. To obtain thermal energy in this scheme it is necessary to add two more cycle: heat the electric heating device → thermal energy fluid (liquid or gas).

The disadvantage of the prototype, typical for all HPP is the additional cost of energy to provide heat energy consumers.

The task of the invention is to improve functionality, reliability and maintainability station and reducing energy consumption. This technical result is achieved due to the fact that the HPP is entered, at least one vortex heat generator (for example, patent RF № 2045715. YU.S. Potapov // bul. Fig. No. 28, 1995), injection nozzle which is equipped with a pressure sensor of the water and connected with a water-piping system through the adapter, equipped with a pressure regulator water, made for example in the form of a valve actuator which is connected to the pressure sensor of water, and the outlet of the hot exit the vortex is gross generator coupled to the input of a pipeline network of consumers of hot water.

The proposed HPP has increased functionality, as it allows to provide consumers with both electrical and thermal energy. Since thermal energy is the direct conversion of mechanical energy of water, the supply is more economical. Improving the reliability and maintainability is ensured by the fact that the newly introduced unit is completely eliminated all power mechanically movable components (turbines, generators, pumps). Partly this affects the efficiency of energy consumption.

Additional information materials for this class of vehicle, but also among devices of this type are not detected hidroenergeticii with such essential features as requested object.

The present invention is shown in the drawing. In the HPP consists of dam (1), water-piping system (2), a turbine (3), generators (4), the newly introduced WTG (5), adapter (8).

The operation of hydropower in electricity generation is similar to the prototype. Water under pressure created in the reservoir, is fed through the system of conduits (2), laid in a dam (1), turbines (3), which results in a rotation of the generators (4) for the generation of electric energy.

When designing t is plooy energy, water flows through the conduit (2), the adapter (8) and the injection nozzle (6) WTG (5), where it is heated and through the inlet hot outlet (11) is input (12) of a pipeline network of consumers of hot water.

To effect the heating of water is required to create the pressure in the injection nozzle (6) within 5-6 ATM. This is achieved by maintaining the required level of water in the reservoir, the selection of geometric shapes and sizes of conduit (2) and adapter (8). Regulation of the water pressure regulator is made, for example, in the form of a flap (9), using the actuator (10) according to the sensor reading water pressure (7). Here the energy conversion is shorter: the mechanical energy of water → thermal energy. This is the main reason for more efficient energy production.

Thus, the proposed HPP has the advantage over all the stated parameters.

Hydraulic power station, containing the dam, water-piping system, turbines and generators, characterized in that its composition have at least one vortex heat generator, the injection nozzle which is equipped with a pressure sensor of the water and connected with a water-piping system through the adapter, equipped with a pressure regulator water, made for example in the form of a valve actuator which is connected to Datca is ω-pressure water.



 

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