Sewage system

FIELD: water supply and sewage systems, particularly for residential, public and industrial buildings.

SUBSTANCE: sewage system in accordance with the first embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal and at least one sewage water receiver provided with discharge pipeline. The system also has accumulation vessel arranged over lavatory pan and/or urinal and communicated with the discharge pipeline of at least one sewage water receiver. Lower part of accumulation vessel has at least one outlet pipeline to communicate accumulation vessel with lavatory pan and/or urinal. If sewage water receiver connected with discharge pipeline and accumulation vessel is in room located on one level with room in which lavatory pan and/or urinal is installed fore accumulation vessel is arranged in discharge line of above sewage water receiver. The fore accumulation vessel interior is communicated with sewage water receiver and provided with exhaust pump having inlet connected with lower part of fore accumulation vessel interior and outlet linked with main accumulation vessel interior. Sewage system in accordance with the second embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal with flushing tank provided with inlet valve arranged in upper part of flushing tank interior and connected to water supply system. Sewage system has at least one sewage water receiver provided with drainage pipeline and arranged in room, which is in one level with room having lavatory pan and/or urinal. The system is provided with accumulation vessel comprising exhaust pump having interior connected with drainage pipeline of at least one waste water receiver. Jet pump nozzle communicates with outlet part of inlet flushing tank valve. Mixing chamber communicates with lower part of accumulation vessel interior. Outlet part is connected with flushing tank interior.

EFFECT: possibility of household, industrial and atmospheric sewage water recycling and use for flushing lavatory pans and, as a result, reduced water consumption.

24 cl, 20 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of water supply and sanitation and can be used in sewer networks of residential, public and industrial premises.

Famous sewer system, including sewer, wastewater receivers, have a drain line, and flush the toilet, while the drain line receivers wastewater and production of toilet connected to a sewage pipe (see kN.: Yaroshevsky D.A. and other Sanitary appliances cities. M.: stroiizdat, 1990, str-129).

This sewer system is not a high efficiency of use of water taken from the water supply for sanitary and technical purposes, due to the fact that waste water from sinks wastewater discharged into the sewer pipe without its secondary use.

Closest to the technical nature of the proposed sewer network is adopted for the prototype known sewer network including at least one toilet and/or urinal at least one receiver wastewater type bath, wash basin, shower tray, sink, etc. that have a drain line, and sewer pipe connected to the discharge line of each receiver wastewater and release each of the toilet and/or urinal (see kN.: Prozorov IV and other Hydraulics, water and canalizes who I am. M.: Vysshaya SHKOLA, 1990, str-410).

In the famous sewer network for flushing toilets and urinals water is pumped from the water supply network and waste water is discharged from the receivers of wastewater to sewer. This reduces the efficiency of the use of tap water in sanitary-technical equipment and significantly increases its consumption, that in the conditions of lack of water can lead to disruptions in the supply of water to human settlements or industrial organizations. However, high consumption of tap water used for flushing toilets and urinals, increases the cost of operation of toilets in residential, public and industrial premises.

Technical problem to solve which is the present invention is to increase the degree of use of water taken from the water supply for sanitary and technical purposes, and enabling secondary use of domestic, industrial and atmospheric wastewater for flushing toilets and urinals in the toilets residential, industrial and public premises.

The technical result obtained in the practical use of the present invention is the elimination or minimizing of water flow from the water supply for flushing unitat and urinals due to secondary use for these purposes, household, production and atmospheric wastewater. This reduces the cost of operation of toilets and eliminates interruptions in the supply of residential, public and industrial premises in conditions of scarce water supply of the settlement and/or industrial organizations, which will be used by the proposed sewer network. However, the use of the invention enables flushing of toilets and urinals in the absence of a water supply network.

For the technical solution proposed sewer network including at least one flush toilet and/or urinal and at least one receiver wastewater, have a drain line, unlike the prototype is equipped with placed over the toilet and/or urinal storage capacity, an internal cavity which is connected to the drain line, at least one receiver wastewater, and the lower part is equipped with at least one output line, indicating the internal cavity of the listed capacity on the toilet and/or urinal, and when placing the receiver wastewater connected to its drain line with storage capacity, in a room located at the same level with the room containing the toilet and/or urinal in the drain line of the specified item is jennica wastewater pre-installed cumulative capacity, which is connected by its internal cavity to the drain line receiver wastewater and equipped with a suction pump, the inlet of which is connected with the lower part of the internal cavity of the preliminary cumulative capacity, and the output from the internal cavity of the main storage tank. While in the lower part of the inner cavity of the main storage tank can be installed inlet valve connected to the water network with the possibility of passage through it of water from the water supply network in cumulative capacity by reducing the liquid level in the latter is below the level at which is located the valve. A suction pump can be placed inside the preliminary cumulative capacity and is equipped with electric, however, preliminary cumulative capacity may be equipped with a level switch water connected to one of the supply cables of the electric suction pump with the ability to periodically closing and opening the specified electric wire with capability on and off the suction pump when reaching the specified capacity respectively the maximum and minimum water level, and the cumulative capacity may be equipped with a level switch water connected to the second power supply electric wire electric suction pump with the capability, the capacity of the periodic opening and closing of the specified electric wire with capability off the suction pump when reaching into the specified capacity maximum water level.

At the location of the preliminary cumulative capacity so that the maximum water level in it is above the level of the bottom connected to its drain line receiver wastewater, made in the form of capacity-type tubs, sump, tank, etc. in the lower part of the inner cavity of the preliminary cumulative capacity below the level specified plate has an inlet valve connected to the drain line of the specified receiver wastewater and made with the possibility of passage through the water from this drain line in the preliminary cumulative capacity by reducing the water level in the latter is below the level at which is located the valve. When this relay water level prior cumulative capacity can be provided with locking switch, through which the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay with the power source of the electric suction pump connected to the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay with the specified drive, and relays the level of water in the main storage tank may be provided with a locking switch, through which the section of the supply cables, connecting the specified relay power supply of the electric suction pump connected to the section of the supply cables, connecting it W the relay with the specified drive.

The internal cavity of the main storage tank may be divided by partitions into compartments with the formation of at least one settling zone, have a drain valve, and the partitions are made with the possibility of changing the direction of movement of water when it is flowing from each of these compartments in adjacent compartment, and the first movement of water in the tank compartment communicates with the output of the suction pump preliminary cumulative capacity, and the last specified during water compartment is reported in its lower part with an output line capacity. In another embodiment, the primary storage capacity of the latter may be made in the form of a vertical cylinder with closed ends and coaxial thereto the inner cylinder with the formation of the annular channel between the cylinders with a tangential inlet waste water in its upper part, while the lower end of the inner cylinder is located above the bottom of the tank, and inside the lower part of the vessel on its axis mounted vertically located the intake pipe which is connected with output line capacitance, and the upper end opening of the specified pipe is located above the lower end of the inner cylinder and the bottom of the tank is made in the form of a funnel, the bottom of which is provided with a drain kr is rated In turn, the internal cavity of the preliminary cumulative capacity may be divided by partitions into compartments with the formation of at least one settling zone, have a drain valve, and the partitions are made with the possibility of changing the direction of movement of water when it is flowing from each of these compartments in adjacent compartment, and the first movement of water in the tank compartment is communicated with the drain line receiver wastewater, and the last specified during water compartment communicated with the suction inlet of the pump. In another embodiment, the preliminary cumulative capacity of the latter may be made in the form of a vertical cylinder with closed ends and coaxial thereto the inner cylinder with the formation of the annular channel between the cylinders with a tangential inlet waste water in its upper part, while the lower end of the inner cylinder is located above the bottom of the tank, and inside the lower part of the vessel on its axis mounted vertically located the intake pipe which is connected with the input of the suction pump, and the upper end opening of the specified pipe is located above the lower end of the inner cylinder and the bottom of the tank is made in the form of a funnel, the bottom of which is provided with a discharge valve.

P is at least one of the receivers wastewater connected to its drain line with prior storage capacity and is designed as a capacity-type tubs, sump, tank, etc. can be placed inside the preliminary cumulative capacity, overflow hole is communicated with the lower part of the internal cavity of the preliminary cumulative capacity through the water seal and drain holes with the specified internal cavity successively through a water seal, the drain line receiver wastewater and the inlet valve is made with the possibility of passage through the water from this drain line in the preliminary cumulative capacity by reducing the water level in the latter is below the level at which is the inlet valve. The main cumulative capacity can be combined with a flushing cistern of the toilet or urinal, while in the lower part of the inner cavity of the listed capacity is installed flushing discharge valve which is connected with a toilet bowl or urinal and provided with an outer manual control, and the inlet valve flush tank combined with the intake valve main tank and located at such a distance from the bottom of the latter, whereby the volume of water between the bottom and the level at which the valve is sufficient for a single flush of the toilet or urinal.

The inlet valve bases is Oh or preliminary cumulative capacity can be made in the form of a float valve, comprising a housing with inlet and outlet openings and an internal cavity, attached to one of the side walls of the specified capacity, a spring-loaded shutter valve mounted in the internal cavity of the housing with the possibility of overlapping of the discharge holes located above the body sunken float and vertically directed rod connecting the gate valve with the float and passing through is made in the housing hole. In another embodiment, the inlet valve main or preliminary cumulative capacity can be made in the form of a float valve, comprising a housing with inlet and outlet openings and an internal cavity, attached to one of the side walls of the specified capacity, a spring-loaded shutter valve mounted in the internal cavity of the housing with the possibility of overlapping of the discharge opening and provided with a vertically directed shaft, and a float with a sinker, placed in a vertical guide cylinder mounted on the upper part of the housing coaxially with the bolt shaft interoperable specified stem with a sinker float and having a radial hole in the bottom for the passage of water.

In another embodiment, the sewer network for the technical solution proposed sewer network, VK is causa, at least one toilet and/or urinal with flushing cistern supplied installed in the upper part of its inner cavity inlet valve connected to the water network, and at least one receiver wastewater, have a drain line and placed in the premises, located on a single level building, which housed the toilet and/or urinal, unlike the prototype is equipped with storage capacity with jet suction pump, in which the inner cavity is connected to the drain line, at least one receiver wastewater, jet pump the nozzle communicates with the outlet of the inlet valve flush tank, the mixing chamber with the lower part of the internal cavity of the storage capacitor, and the output from the internal cavity of the flush-water tank. While the jet pump can be installed near the flush-water tank or inside the latter, and cumulative tank is provided with a discharge line connecting the lower part of its inner cavity with the mixing chamber of the jet pump. However, the jet pump can be installed near the lower part of the storage tank or in the lower part of the inner cavity of the latter, while the jet pump is provided with a supply line connecting the nozzle with the valve outlet flush-water tank, and a discharge line connecting the pump outlet with vnutrennyaya flush-water tank.

When the location of the storage tank so that the maximum water level in it is above the level of the bottom connected to its drain line receiver wastewater, made in the form of capacity-type tubs, sump, tank, etc. in the drain line of the latter may be fitted with an additional jet suction pump, in which the mixing chamber is communicated with the specified drain line, and the nozzle through the diverter valve to the water network, and the output of the jet pump is provided with a discharge line that tells it with an internal cavity of the storage tank. While the input of the additional nozzle jet pump can be installed adjustable choke. Diverter valve can be provided with an electric switch, and cumulative capacity may be equipped with a level switch water connected to one of the supply cables of the electric diverter faucet with periodic opening and closing of the specified electric wire with the possibility of closing the diverter valve upon reaching the specified capacity maximum water level, then the relay water level can be provided with locking switch, through which the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay with the power supply of the actuator diverter valve, otklyuchen a section of the supply cables, connecting the relay to the specified drive.

In another embodiment, system pumping water from the tank and from the receiver wastewater connected to its drain line and made in the form of capacity-type tubs, sump, tank, etc. at the location of the storage tank so that the maximum water level in it is above the level of the bottom of the specified receiver wastewater, the jet pump can be equipped with three two-way valves mounted on a common axis, equipped with two-position control handle, with one of the valves is arranged to connect the nozzle of the jet pump outlet inlet valve flush-water tank or water supply line from the water supply respectively in first and second position of the control handle, the second valve configured to connect the mixing chamber of the jet pump with the lower part of the inner cavity of the storage tank or cast a line receiver wastewater respectively in first and second position of the control handle, and the third valve are made with the possibility of connecting the output of the jet pump with an internal cavity flush-water tank or with the internal cavity of the storage tank, respectively, in first and second position of the control handle. The control arm can be equipped with electronic what troprivoda with switch, and cumulative capacity may be equipped with a level switch water connected to one of the supply cables of the drive control handle with the possibility of periodic opening and closing of the specified electric wire with capability of moving the control stick from its second position into the first when reaching the specified capacity maximum water level, then the relay water level can be provided with locking switch, through which the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay with the power source of the drive control handle connected to the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay to the specified drive. In the water supply from the water supply to the two-way valve, through which the nozzle of the jet pump is communicated with the specified line, can be installed adjustable choke.

As in the first embodiment, in the second embodiment of the proposed sewer network the internal cavity of the storage tank may be divided by partitions into compartments with the formation of at least one settling zone, have a drain valve, and the partitions are made with the possibility of changing the direction of movement of water when it is flowing from each of these compartments in adjacent compartment, being the m first along the water movement in the tank compartment is communicated with the drain line, at least one receiver wastewater, and the last specified during water compartment is reported in its lower part with an output line capacity. In addition, storage capacity can be made in the form of a vertical cylinder with closed ends and coaxial thereto the inner cylinder with the formation of the annular channel between the cylinders with a tangential inlet waste water in its upper part, while the lower end of the inner cylinder is located above the bottom of the tank, and inside the lower part of the vessel on its axis mounted vertically located the intake pipe which is connected with output line capacitance, and the upper end opening of the specified pipe is located above the lower end of the inner cylinder and the bottom of the tank is made in the form of a funnel, the bottom of which is provided with a drain tap.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which depict:

- figure 1 is a diagram of the proposed sewer network with the placement of the receiver wastewater and toilet in the premises located at different levels;

- figure 2 - scheme of the proposed sewer network with the placement of the receiver wastewater and toilet facilities located at the same level;

- figure 3 - the same with an automatic control of the suction pump;

- figure 4 is a variant of the float is about relay water level in the main storage tank;

- figure 5 is a variant of the float switch water level in the preliminary cumulative capacity;

- figure 6 - diagram of the automatic control of the suction pump using a contactless relay water level in storage tanks;

- 7-9 - embodiments of the accumulation tank with partitions forming a settling zone;

- figure 10 is an embodiment of the storage tank with hydrocyclone cleaner wastewater;

- figure 11 is a view along arrow a in figure 10;

on pig - tub placed in the preliminary cumulative capacity;

on Fig - section b-B in Fig;

on Fig - cumulative capacity, combined with flush tank of the toilet;

on Fig-16 - embodiments of the valve;

on Fig diagram of the proposed sewer network with jet suction pump placed in the flush tank;

on Fig - same with jet suction pump placed in storage capacity;

on Fig diagram of the proposed sewer network with additional suction jet pump;

on Fig diagram of the proposed sewer network with jet pump, pumping the waste water alternately from the tank and out of the bath.

Sewer network includes at least one flush toilet 1 (1) and/or urinal (not showing the n), at least one receiver, household, industrial or atmospheric (rain and snowmelt) wastewater type bath 2, shower 3, tray 4 shower 5, washer 6 or type of ladder, sink, drain funnel (not shown) and the like, have a drain line 7 connected to the toilet bowl 1 and/or urinal sewer pipe 8 and is placed over the toilet bowl 1 and/or urinal accumulation tank 9, in which the inner cavity 10 is connected to the drain line 7, at least one receiver wastewater, and the lower part equipped with at least one output line 11, indicating the inner cavity 10 of the listed capacity with water tank 12 of the toilet bowl 1 and/or with a flushing cistern or flush valve urinal (not shown). When this flush tank 12 is equipped with a standard inlet valve 13 controlled, for example, the float 14, and in the lower part of the inner cavity 10 of the container 9 has an inlet valve 15, made for example in the form of a float valve with a float 16 and connected to the water network 17c by the passage through it of water from the water supply into the accumulation tank 9 while reducing the liquid level in the latter is below the level at which is located the valve 15. Sewer pipe 8 and the drain line 7 receivers wastewater executed with the necessary bias, ensuring the free flow of sewage.

Each item is listed above receivers wastewater connected to its drain line 7 with a cumulative capacity of 9, can be placed in the space 18 located on the other (figure 1) or the same (figure 2) level relative to the space 19, in which is placed the bowl 1 and/or urinal. When placing the specified receiver wastewater in room 18 (figure 1), located on the upper level relative to the space 19, in which is placed the bowl 1 and/or urinal waste water enters the holding tank 9 from the drain line 7 by gravity, and at the location specified areas 18 and 19 at the same level (figure 2) in the drain line 7 receiver wastewater connected to the tank 9, pre-installed cumulative capacity of 20, which is connected by its internal cavity 21 to the drain line 7 and is provided with a suction pump 22, the input of which is connected to the lower part of the cavity 21, and the output - injection line 23 with the inner cavity 10 of the main storage tank 9. When this suction pump 22 can be placed inside a pre-storage tank 20 and can be made in the form of a manual pump (pump) or in the form of a centrifugal pump equipped with electric motor 24, and the drain line 7 can be connected to the container 9 (Fig 1) or to the vessel 20 (figure 2) at any level in these tanks, as well as the discharge line 23 may be connected to the tank 9 on any UB is not the last.

Preliminary accumulation tank 20 can be placed in the same room connected to the drain line 7 receiver wastewater or in another room, and the main accumulating tank 9 can be placed in the same or different premises with a capacity of 20. However, the container 9 can be placed in the toilet or in the attic, and the tank 20 can be placed under the bath 2 or under the pallet 4. In terms of small toilet inside the tank 9 may have a special, for example, T-shaped (figure 2), allowing to use it as wall space of the toilet, and his okoloporogovoe space. The tank 9 is supplied with overflow line 25 (1), the inlet of which is located at a level corresponding to the maximum water level in this tank, and an exhaust vent line 26 to eject harmful and unpleasant odors from the inner cavity 10 of the container 9. Similarly, the capacity of 20 (figure 2) can be provided with a tray 27 and the exhaust vent 28 lines. In the drain line 7 (figure 1) can be installed valves 29, blocking the penetration of harmful gases and odors into the room from the sewer network, and the filter 30 coarse, to the output line 11 of the container 9 can be installed filter 31 fine cleaning and drain my line and 6 after the water seal can be installed grease trap 32, collecting the fat and oil components that fall in the waste water when washing dishes. For disinfection of wastewater and eliminate unpleasant smell each of the containers 9 and 20, or at least one tank 9 may be provided with a capacity of 33 with a disinfectant substance and the container 34 with a deodorant or tank 35 containing a mixture of disinfectant substances and deodorant. Each of the tanks 33-35 may be provided with a dispenser, respectively, 36, 37 and 38 serving for dosed supply contained in the capacity of a substance into the internal cavity of the container 9.

A suction pump 22 may be manual or automatic control. If manual control of the pump 22 in the tanks 9 and 20 are viewing window 39 and 40, respectively, allowing visual monitoring of the water level in said tank, and in one of the supply lines 41 and 42 of the actuator 24 is mounted manual switch 43. Automatic control of the pump 22 may be implemented using relays 44 (figure 3) and 45 water level, respectively installed in the tanks 9 and 20. When the relay 44 is made with the possibility of disconnection of the electric wire 41 at the maximum water level in the tank 9 and its closure during the lowering of the water level in the tank 9 below the maximum value, and the relay 45 is made with the possibility of closing electropop is Yes 42 at the maximum water level in the tank 20 and opening it when reaching in the tank 20 minimum level.

At the location of the pre-storage tank 20 so that the maximum water level in it is above the level of the bottom connected to its drain line 7 receiver wastewater, made in the form of containers of type 2 baths (figure 3), pallet, tank etc, in the lower part of the inner cavity 21 of the container 20 below the level of the specified bottom mounted intake valve 46 controlled, for example, the float 47 and is connected to the drain line 7 of the receiver wastewater. The valve 46 is configured to pass through it water from the drain line 7 into the container 20 when the water level decrease in the latter is below the level at which is located the valve. The valve 46 blocks the flow of waste water from the tank 20 into the tub 2. To ensure the possibility of pumping water from the tub 2 at the specified location of the container 20 relative to the bath 2 relay 45 is equipped with a blocking switch 48, through which section 49 of the supply conductor 42, which connects the relay 45 to the power supply of the actuator 24 and the suction pump 22 connected to the section 50 of the specified electric wire connecting the relay 45 to the actuator 24, and to allow full release of the bath 2 from the water at full storage capacity 9 relay 44 water level is equipped with a blocking switch 51, through which the section 52 p the melting of wires 41, connecting the specified relay power supply of the actuator 24, is connected to section 53 of the electric wire 41 connecting the relay 44 with the actuator 24.

As the relays 44 and 45 (figure 3) can be used known float liquid level switch, widely used in automatic control and regulation of various devices and systems, related to different fields of technology. Figs.4 and 5 show some of the possible variants of the structural design of these relays. When this relay 44 may be secured in vertical position on the lid 54 (figure 4) capacity 9 cylindrical body 55 with the upper 56 and lower 57 stops, the bottom of which is placed a float 58, and in the upper part - jumper 59 with the electrical contacts 60 and 61, connected to the sections 52 and 53 of the electric wire 41, and the disk 62 with the contact closing ring 63, presses the spring 64 to the electrical contacts 60 and 61. To enable adjustment of the maximum water level in the tank 9, the float 58 is equipped with an adjustable stop 65 is made with the possibility of interaction with the disk 62.

Relay 45 may be secured in vertical position on the lid 66 (figure 5) capacity 20 cylindrical body 67, the bottom of which is placed a float 68, and at the top of the sinker 69, United Stoke the 70 with the float 68, jumper 71 with the electrical contacts 72 and 73 connected to the sections 49 and 50 of the conductor 42, and the disk 74 with contact closed conductive ring 75, provided with a support 76. To hold the disk 74 in the extreme upper position during lowering of the float 68 down on the specified disk fixed steel ring 77, the bridge 71 magnetic ring 78 made with the possibility of interaction with the ring 77. When this jumper 71, the disk 74 and its bearing 76 provided with axial opening for free passage of the rod 70, the float 68 is equipped with an adjustable stop 79 to adjust the maximum water level in the tank 20, and sinker 69 provided with an adjustable stop 80 to adjust the minimum water level in the tank 20. In the described relay floats 58 and 68 may have a spherical, cylindrical or other form, and jumpers 59 and 71 and the disks 62 and 74 are made of dielectric material, for example of the PCB.

Instead of the above-described float switch for automatic on and off the suction pump 22 can be used relays 44 and 45 of the contactless type, built on the basis of the known non-contact sensors, liquid level, for example electric (capacitive, inductive, ultrasonic, optical, and sop.In this case, a suction pump 22 can be equipped with automatic control system, including ascontact the first sensor 81 (6), mounted in the lower part of the vessel 20 and responsive to the minimum water level in the latter, the proximity sensor 82,installed in the upper part of the same capacity and responsive to the maximum water level in it, the proximity sensor 83 installed in the top part of thecontainer 9 which is responsive to the maximum water level in the latter, the relay 84, made with the possibility of closing and opening the electrical contacts 72 and 73 of the supply conductor 42 of the actuator 24 and the suction pump 22, the relay 85 is made with the possibility of closing and opening the electrical contacts 60 and 61 of the supply conductor 41 of the specified drive control device 86 of the relay 84, is connected through inverters 87 and 88 respectively to the sensors 81 and 82, and the control unit 89 of the relay 85, is connected through an inverter 90 to the sensor 83. When this relay 84 and 85 provided with a blocking switches 48 and 51.

Filters 30 and 31 are detained impurities contained in the waste water, thus eliminating the possibility of clogging and jamming of the inlet valve 13 flush-water tank 12. It is also possible to use other means for the purification of waste water from contamination. For these purposes, the bottom of each of the storage tanks 9 and 20, or at least the bottom of the main storage tank 9 can be made is in the form of a funnel-shaped clarifier 91 (1), in the lower part of which is equipped with a drain valve 92. However, for capturing contained in waste water contamination of the inner cavity 10 of the container 9 can be divided into at least two partitions 93 (Fig.7-9) and 94 into compartments 95-97 with the formation of the bottom 98, at least one funnel-shaped settling zone 99, have a drain valve 100. The output of each of the valves 92 and 100 may be connected by piping (not shown) with the sewer pipe 8 or with a flushing tank 12 or directly from the toilet bowl 1 or urinal. Walls 93 and 94 are made with the possibility of changing the direction of movement of water when it is flowing from each of the compartments 95-97 in the adjacent compartment. The first movement of the water compartment 95 is connected to the output of the suction pump 22, and the last specified during water compartment 97 reported in its lower part with an output line 11 of the tank. The latter during the movement of the water compartment 97 with the outlet 101 (Fig), indicating the specified slot from the output line 11 may be located between the first 95 and the intermediate 96 compartments and separated from the settling zone 99 bottom crosspiece 102, and the tank 9 and the walls 93 and 94 may have a cylindrical shape (figure 9). Similarly can be divided by partitions the inner cavity 21 of the container 20. While in the tank 20, the first during which viginia water compartment 95 is communicated with the drain line 7 receiver wastewater and the last specified during water compartment 97 is communicated with the suction inlet of the pump 22.

The container 9 may be provided with a hydrocyclone cleaner waste water and thus can be made in the form of a vertically positioned cylinder 103 (figure 10 and 11) with closed ends and coaxial thereto the inner cylinder 104, the lower end of which is located above the bottom 98 of the vessel, while between the cylinders 103 and 104 has an annular channel 105, is provided in the upper part of the tangential inlet 106 waste water connected to the output of the suction pump 22, and the inside bottom of the tank on its axis mounted vertically located the intake pipe 107 which is connected with the output line 11 of the tank. Between the inner cylinder 104 and pipe 107 has an annular channel 108 for passage of water from the output channel 105 in the pipe 107, the upper end opening which is located above the lower end of the inner cylinder 104, and the bottom 98 capacity made in the form of suck funnel, the bottom of which is provided with a drain valve 100. Similarly hydrocyclone cleaner waste water can be supplied to the tank 20. In this capacity 20 tangential inlet 106 is connected to the drain line 7 receiver wastewater, and the output of the intake pipe 107 is communicated with the suction inlet of the pump 22.

When placing the vessel 20 in alohabruce the bathroom or the shower each of the receivers wastewater made in the form of containers of type 2 baths, sump tank (not shown), etc. may be placed within the specified capacity (Fig), equipped with a cover 109. When this receiver wastewater (for example, 2 bath) is fixed relative to the vessel 20 with the exception of the possibility of the latter during the filling of the tank 20 with water. Overflow hole 110 baths 2 communicates with the lower part of the inner cavity 21 of the container 20 through the hydraulic seal 111 (Fig) and an overflow tube 112, thereby avoiding getting unpleasant and noxious odors and gases from the cavity 21 in the room in which the tub is 2, and the drain hole 113 baths communicates with the internal cavity 21 of the container 20 through the water seal 29, the drain line 7 and the valve 46, blocking the ingress of waste water from the tank 20 into the tub 2. Similarly in the vessel 20 may be placed pallet 4 (figure 1) shower 5 with overflow through the water seal 111 and an overflow tube 112 and sink through the water seal 29, the drain line 7 and the valve 46.

The main accumulating tank 9 can be combined with a flushing cistern 12 (Fig) a toilet bowl or urinal, while in the lower part of the inner cavity 10 of the listed capacity is installed flushing discharge valve which is connected with the flushing of the toilet or urinal and made in the form of drain holes 114 in the bottom of the tank, covered with the shutter 115 with the rod 116, maintains deistvuyushim with lever 117, equipped with an external handle 118 and seal 119 and the inlet valve 13 (1) flush-water tank 12 is aligned with the inlet valve 15 main tank and located at such a distance from the bottom of the latter, whereby the volume of water between the said bottom and the level at which is located a valve 15, which is sufficient for a single flush of the toilet or urinal.

The valve 15 (Fig 1) and 46 (figure 3) can be made in the form of well-known float inlet valve used in flush tanks of toilets. On Fig shows one possible implementation of the above valves in which the valve 15 of the container 9 or the valve 46 of the container 20 includes a housing 120 with the inlet channel 121, the outlet holes 122 and an internal cavity 123 attached to one of the side walls 124 of the tank, which is installed valve, gate valve 125, mounted in the internal cavity 123 of the housing 120 with the possibility of overlapping of the discharge holes 122 located above the body 120 sunken float 126 and vertically directed rod 127 connecting the stopper 125 of the valve and the float 126 and passes through is made in the case 120 hole. To ensure the alignment of the shutter 125 is equipped with the lower shaft 128 within fixed to the body 120 of the guide sleeve 129, and to allow movement of the shutter 125 at niineee position at which Otkrytie valve specified shutter provided with a return spring 130. The inlet channel 121 in the valve 15 communicates with the water network 17, and the valve 46 from the drain line 7.

If necessary, the described valve can be performed with floating float (Fig). The valve 125 is supplied by a spring 131, clamping it to the ends of the holes 122, and the rod 132, directed upward from the gate and passing through the opening in the housing 120, and the float 126 is supplied with a sinker 133 made interoperable with the rod 132, and is placed in the guide cylinder 134 with a radial hole 135 in the bottom for the passage of the water, vertically mounted on the upper housing 120 coaxially with the rod 132.

In another embodiment of the proposed sewer network includes at least one toilet 1 (Fig) and/or urinal (not shown) with flush tank 12, is supplied installed in the upper part of its inner cavity 136 of the inlet valve 13 is operated, for example, the float 14 and connected to the water network 17, at least one receiver, household, industrial or atmospheric wastewater type of washbasin 3 or bath, shower tray, sink, stairs, sinks, drain funnel (not shown) and the like, have a drain line 7 a water seal 29 and the filter 30 and placed in the premises, located on a single level building, which housed the toilet and/or urinal connected is connected to the toilet and/or urinal sewer pipe 8 and the cumulative capacity of 137 with jet suction pump 138, in which the inner cavity 139 is connected to the drain line 7, at least one of the receivers of waste water, while the jet pump 138 of the working nozzle 140 communicates with the output 141 of the valve 13 flush-water tank 12, the mixing chamber 142 with the lower part of the inner cavity 139 of the storage capacitor 137, and the output cone 143 - with an internal cavity 136 of the flush tank 12. While the jet pump 138 can be positioned near the flush-water tank 12 or inside the latter, as shown in Fig. With this arrangement, the jet pump 138 cumulative capacity 137 provided with a discharge line 144 connecting the lower part of its inner cavity 139 with the mixing chamber 142 jet pump 138. To exclude the possibility of overflow water from the flush tank 12 into the accumulation tank 137 is switched off when the pump 138 in the discharge line 144 may be a check valve 145 made with the possibility of passage through it of water from the storage tank 137 in the mixing chamber 142. However, the jet pump 138 can be positioned near the lower part of the storage capacitor 137 or at the bottom of the internal cavity of the latter, as shown in Fig. With this arrangement, the jet pump 138 it is supplied inlet line 146, connecting it to the nozzle 140 with the output 141 of the valve 13, and a discharge line 147, connecting it to the output cone 143 in the morning cavity 136 of the flush tank 12. To eliminate backflow of water from the discharge line 147 in the capacity of 137 the specified discharge line provided with a check valve 148 made with the possibility of passage through it of water from the storage tank 137 in the flush tank 12. The speed of filling water flush tank 12 may be effected by adjustment of the valve element 13 (not shown) and/or by using an adjustable throttle 149 mounted on the inlet valve 13.

At the location of the storage capacitor 137 so that the maximum water level in it is above the level of the bottom connected to its drain line receiver wastewater (Fig), made in the form of containers of type 2 baths, sump tank (not shown), etc. in the drain line 7 the last is an additional jet suction pump 150, the mixing chamber 151 which communicates with the specified drain line, and the nozzle 152 - through the supply line 153 and diverter valve 154 to the water network 17, whereby the output cone 155 jet pump 150 is equipped with a discharge line 156 connecting it with the inner cavity 139 of the storage tank 137. To enable adjustment of the speed of pumping water from the bath 2 in the supply line 153 nozzle 152 has an adjustable orifice 157. Diverter valve 154 may be manual or electric control. When manual feeder is the t valve 154 capacity 137 provided with an observation window 158 for visual inspection of water level, and if you are using Elektroprivreda valve 154 last supplied the managing actuator 159 with the supply lines 160 and 161, one of which is mounted manual switch 162, and in the tank 137 is set relay 163 water level made with the possibility of disconnection of wires 161 when the maximum water level in the tank 137 and its closure during the lowering of the water level in the tank 137 below the maximum value. As the relay 163 can be used known float liquid level switch, widely used in automatic control and regulation of various devices and systems, including variants of the structural design of these relays presented on figure 4 and 5. To allow full release of the bath 2 from the water at full storage capacity relay 137 163 water level is equipped with a blocking switch 164, through which the section 165 of the supply conductor 161 connecting the specified relay power supply of the actuator 159 connected to the plot 166 conductor 161 connecting relay s drive 159.

However, when the above location capacity 137 relative to the attached receiver wastewater, for example, the bath may perform the proposed sewer network with one otkachivayuschaya pump 138 (Fig), equipped with three two-way valves 167-169, which can be installed on the same axis 170, is provided with supports 171 and 172 and a handle 173, having two working positions. When the valve 167 is installed in the discharge line 144 capacity 137 connected to the drain line 7 and is designed so that at the location of the control arm 173 in the first working position, as shown in Fig, the mixing chamber 142 jet pump 138 is communicated through outlet line 144 and the valve 167 with an internal cavity 139 capacity 137, and the installation of a handle 173 in the second working position by the counterclockwise rotation by 90° the mixing chamber 142 jet pump 138 is communicated through the valve 167 to the drain line 7 2 baths. The valve 168 is installed in the inlet line 146 of the nozzle 140, is connected via supply line 153 to the water supply network 17 and is designed so that at the location of the control arm 173 in the first working position, the nozzle 140 is communicated through the supply line 146 and the valve 168 to the output 141 of the valve 13, and when the location of the handle 173 in the second working position, the nozzle 140 is communicated through the valve 168 to the water network 17. The valve 169 is installed in the discharge line 147 jet pump 138, is provided with an additional outlet line 174 and is designed so that at the location of the control arm 173 in the first working position of the outlet diffuser 143 jet pump 138 together is carried out through a discharge line 147 and the valve 169 with an internal cavity 136 of the flush tank 12, and when placing the handle 173 in the second working position the diffuser 143 is communicated through outlet line 147, the valve 169 and outlet line 174 with an internal cavity 139 capacity 137.

The handle 173 may be manual or electric control. When manual control handle 173 capacity 137 provided with an observation window 158 for visual inspection of water level, and when using Elektroprivreda handle 173 last supplied the managing actuator 175 with the rod 176 and the supply lines 177 and 178, one of which is mounted manual switch 179 and in the tank 137 is set relay 163 water level made with the possibility of disconnection of wires 178 when the maximum water level in the tank 137 and its closure during the lowering of the water level in the tank 137 below the maximum value. To allow full release of the bath 2 from the water at full storage capacity relay 137 163 water level is equipped with a blocking switch 180, through which the section 181 of the supply conductor 178 connecting the specified relay power supply of the actuator 175, connected to the section 182 conductor 178 connecting the relay 163 with the actuator 175. The speed of filling water flush tank 12 may be implemented using an adjustable throttle 149 and/or adjusting elementclone 13 (not shown), and for speed control of pumping water from the bath 2 in the supply line 153 of the nozzle 140 is adjustable orifice 157. To eliminate backflow of water from the discharge line 147 in the capacity of 137 in line 147 check valve 148.

As well as a suction pump 22 (6), each of the jet pumps 150 (Fig) and 138 (Fig) may have a control system with proximity sensor maximum water level in the tank 137, similar to the system shown in Fig.6, and the design of these pumps is to provide the opportunity of obtaining the maximum value of the ratio of the volume of water flow ejected from the mixing chamber of the pump, the volumetric flow rate of water passing through the working nozzle. Capacity 137 provided with overflow line 183 (Fig), the inlet of which is located at a level corresponding to the maximum water level in this tank, and exhaust ventilation line 184 to eject harmful and unpleasant odors from the internal cavity 139 of the container 137. For trapping of pollutants in waste water, the capacity of 137 as well as the storage capacitor 9, the bottom may be made in the form of a funnel-shaped clarifier 91 (1), the bottom of which is equipped with a drain valve 92, and an inner cavity 139 capacity 137 may be divided by partitions into OTS is key with the formation of the settling zone, as shown in Fig.7-9, and the first movement of water in the tank compartment 93 is communicated with the drain line 7, at least one receiver wastewater, and the last specified during water compartment 95 reported in its lower part with outlet line 144 (Fig and 20) capacity 137 or mixing chamber 142 (Fig) jet pump 138. With the same purpose, the capacity of 137 as well as the capacity of 9, can be performed with hydrocyclone cleaner, as shown in figure 10 and 11. However, when placing the tank 137 in a small bathroom or shower, at least one of the receivers wastewater connected to its drain line 7 with a cumulative capacity of 137 and made in the form of capacity-type tubs, sump, tank, etc. can be placed inside the tank 137 is similar to how it is placed in the vessel 20 (Fig and 13). When this overflow hole 110 of the specified receiver wastewater communicates with the lower part of the inner cavity 139 capacity 137 through the water seal 111 and an overflow tube 112, and its drain hole 113 with the inner cavity 139 capacity 137 consistently through the water seal 29, the drain line 7 and the mixing chamber 151 jet pump 150 (Fig) or the mixing chamber 142 jet pump 138 (Fig). Cumulative capacity 137 may be provided with a capacity of 33 (figure 1) with a disinfectant substance and the container 34 with deodorant or capacity is th 35, containing a mixture of disinfectant substances and deodorant, as well as dispensers 36-38.

Sewer network works as follows. Waste water coming into the receivers 2, 3, 4, 6 (Fig.1-3) and other wastewater receivers (not shown), the drain lines 7 merges through the valves 29 and the filter 30 in the main accumulating tank 9 at the location of areas 18 and 19 at different levels (figure 1), while the location of these areas at the same level (figure 2) - in the preliminary cumulative capacity of 20, from which the water is pumped by pump 22 into the main accumulating tank 9. From the tank 9 water through the filter 31 is supplied on output line 11 in wash tank 12 of the bowl 1 through the valve 13 and is then used for flushing toilets. According to another output line 11 (not shown) water from the tank 9 may flow into the flush tank urinal or toilet faucet last.

In manual operation the suction pump 22 (2) for pumping water from the tank 20 into the container 9 includes a switch 43 and in the process the specified pumping conduct visual observation of the water level in the tanks 9 and 20, respectively, through a viewing window 39 and 40. When the pumping stopped by turning off the switch 43 when it reaches the minimum water level in the tank 20, defined by the level at which the pump 22, or the maximum urovnevoi in the tank 9. When automatic control of the pump 22 (Fig 3) pumping water from the tank 20 into the container 9 starts after reaching the maximum water level in the tank 20. Upon reaching the specified level in the tank 20 in its relay 45, the float 68 (3) its emphasis 79 rises in the extreme upper position of the disk 74, which leads to mutual attraction and closing of the rings 77 and 78, and connect with each other of the electrical contacts 72 and 73 through their end ring 75, and then starts the actuator 24 and with it the pump 22, which produces pumping water from the tank 20 into the container 9. In the process of pumping the float 68 together with water falls down. When this electrical contacts 72 and 73 remain in the closed position by holding in the extreme upper position of the disc 74 by the force of mutual attraction rings 77 and 78. Water extraction ends when it reaches the minimum water level in the tank 20 when the sinker 69 its focus 80 lowers the disk 74 on the support 76, severing the electrical contacts 72 and 73, which leads to deactivation of the actuator 24 and the pump 22. However, pumping water can be interrupted at some intermediate level of the water in the tank 20 when the water level in the tank 9 in the process of pumping reaches its maximum value, at which the float 58 (figure 4) relay 44 with its emphasis 65 will raise the disk 62, compressing the spring 64, which leads to the opening of the electrical contacts 60 and 61 is off actuator 24 of the pump 22. After the next flush toilet 1 or urinal float 58 together with the water level in the tank 9 is lowered and the spring 64 returns the disk 62 to its original position, closing the electrical contacts 60 and 61, which leads to the inclusion of the actuator 24 and the pump 22 and the continuation of pumping water from the tank 20 into the container 9. Similarly, the pumping can continue to achieve in the vessel 20 minimum water level.

When using the automatic control system suction pump, built in non-contact level sensors (6), the maximum water level in the tank 20 is recorded by the sensor 82, the signal of which is fed through an inverter 88 to the control unit 86. The latter includes the relay 84, which closes the electrical contacts 72 and 73, which leads to the inclusion of the actuator 24 and pump 22, pumping the water from the tank 20 into the container 9. Water extraction ends when it reaches the minimum water level in the tank 20, the fixed sensor 81, the signal of which is fed through an inverter 87 to the control unit 86. Last off relay 84, disconnect the electrical contacts 72 and 73, which leads to deactivation of the actuator 24 and the pump 22. However, pumping water can be interrupted at some intermediate level of the water in the tank 20 when the water level in the tank 9 in the process of pumping reaches its four-s the value fixed sensor 83, the signal of which is fed through an inverter 90 to the control unit 89. Last off relay 85, which up to this point in the on position. When this electrical contacts 60 and 61 are opened, resulting in deactivation of the actuator 24 and the pump 22. After the next flush toilet 1 or urinal, the water level in the tank 9 is lowered, so that the signal at the output of the sensor 83 disappears and the control device 89 returns the relay 85 included in the original position, closing the electrical contacts 60 and 61, which leads to the pump 22 and the continuation of pumping water from the tank 20 into the container 9. Similarly, the pumping can continue to achieve in the vessel 20 minimum water level.

When the location of the storage tank 20 so that the maximum water level in it is above the bottom connected to its drain line receiver wastewater (figure 3), made in the form of containers of type 2 baths, sump tank (not shown) and the like, pumping water from a specified receiver wastewater produced in the following sequence: first, take out the tube (not shown) of the drain hole of the sink, then turn the switch 48, the locking relay 45, which leads to the inclusion of the actuator 24 and pump 22 which pumps out the water from the tank 20 into the container 9. After lowering the water level in the tank 20 to the mark, where is the valve 46, the latter is opened by means of the float 47 or other mechanism and transmits water from the sink waste water 2 in the tank 20, and after the liberation of the specified listener from the water switch 48 is switched off, removing the locking relay 45. When it is necessary to drain the water from the receiver wastewater 2 in case of a full tank 9, a symptom of which is that the pump 22 is not activated when the switch 48 includes both switches 48 and 51, the blocking relays 44 and 45, which leads to the inclusion of the actuator 24 and pump 22 which pumps out the water from the tank 20 into the tank 9, where the water through an overflow line 25 is discharged into the sewer pipe 8. After lowering the water level in the tank 20 to the level of the valve 46 of the latter will open and allow water from the sink waste water 2 in the tank 20, and after the liberation of the specified listener from the water switches 48 and 51 off, removing the locking relay 45 and 44.

If for any reason the water that temporarily enters the tank 9 or enters it insufficient and the water in the tank 9 is lowered to the level at which is located the inlet valve 15 (Fig 1), latest offers, for example, using the float 16 and passes water from the water supply 17 into the tank 9, providing the supply of water to the flush-water tank 12 under these conditions. If R is smeshenii receiver wastewater for example, 2 baths in the preliminary cumulative capacity 20 (Fig and 13) in the process of filling the specified receiver, the excess water is poured into the internal cavity 21 of the container 20 through the opening 110, the hydraulic lock 111 and an overflow tube 112, and the process of liberation of the receiver 2 from the water through the drain hole 113, water seal 29, the drain line 7 and the valve 46 is drained from the specified receiver into the internal cavity 21 of the container 20. When combined capacity of 9 with water tank 12 of the toilet bowl 1 (Fig) intake valve 15 and exhaust valve shutter 115 behave the same as a similar valve flush tank 12.

Coming in the vessel 20 and 9 waste water is purified from impurities by sedimentation funnel in the sump 91 (1) and/or settling zone 99 (Fig.7-9). In addition, for this purpose can be used hydrocyclone cleaner (figure 10 and 11), in which water is due to the tangential inlet 106 is twisted into a spiral flow in the annular channel 105, where the centrifugal forces, pollution relate to the inner walls of the container 9 or 20, and then settle in the sump 99. Purified water along the circular channel 108 rises up and flows into the intake pipe 107. Out of the socket 107 water in the tank 9 is supplied to the output line 11, and in the vessel 20 to the input of the suction pump 22 of the container 20.

The inlet is lapane 15 (1) and 46 (figure 3) are as follows. In their version, with sunken float 126 (Fig) each of these valves is opened by the spring 130 with the opening passage of water from the channel 121 through the cavity 123 and the holes 122 in the container 9 or 20 when lowering the float 126 together with the water level up to the level at which the valve and is closed by the float 126 with the closing of the holes 122 of the stopper 125 when lifting the float 126 together with the water level above the level at which is located the valve. In another embodiment, the valves 15 and 46 of the floating float 126 (Fig) each of these valves offer a sinker 133, pressing on the rod 132 when lowering the float 126 together with the water level up to the level where the valve. Under the influence of the weight of the sinkers 133 is compressed spring 131 and the stopper 125 is lowered, opening the passage of water from the channel 121 through the cavity 123 and the holes 122 in the container 9, or 20. The closing of the valve occurs when the rise of the float 126 together with the rising level of the water flowing into the cylinder 134 through the opening 135, above the level at which is located the valve. This sinker 133 detached from the rod 132, and a spring 131 returns the shutter 125 in the original closed position.

In another embodiment, the sewer network with jet suction pump 138 (Fig) this network works as follows.

Waste water coming into the receiver wastewater, for example, wash the INIC 3 drained through the drain line 7 into the accumulation tank 137. During the next flushing toilets 1 water level in its flush tank 12 falls and the inlet valve 13, for example, using the float 14 opens the passage of water from the water supply network 17 in the working nozzle 140 jet pump 138. At the output of the nozzle 140 is formed pressure jet of water, ejecting from the mixing chamber 142 water flowing through ejection from the container 137. Ejected from the mixing chamber 142 water through the outlet diffuser 143 is fed into the internal cavity 136 of the receptacle 12 until such time as the valve 13 is closed, for example, the float 14 when the level of water in the tank 12 to the upper level. After closing the valve 13 pumping water from the tank 137 in the tank 12 by the pump 138 is terminated. At the location of the jet pump 138 near or inside the flush tank 12, water flows into the mixing chamber 142 from the tank 137 on the discharge line 144 through the open check valve 145, which after the closure of the valve 13 is closed, not allowing the water to flow from tank 12 back into the tank 137 and at the location of the jet pump 138 near or inside the bottom of the tank 137 (Fig) water output 141 of the valve 13 is fed into the nozzle 140 of the pump on the supply line 146, and the output of the diffuser 143 water discharge line 147 is diverted into the tank 12 through the open check valve 148 that after closing the valve 13 is closed, not allowing the water to drain away from the discharge line 147 back in emkosti, thanks accelerated pumping of water from the tank 137 in the tank 12 after the next flush of the toilet 1. If necessary, the acceleration or deceleration of the filling of the flush tank 12 water respectively increase or decrease the volumetric water flow to the nozzle 140 of the pump 138, using for this purpose the adjusting element of the valve 13 and/or adjustable orifice 149.

If for any reason the water that temporarily enters the tank 137 or enters it in insufficient volume, volume of water enters the wash tank 12 from the water supply 17 through the inlet valve 13, the nozzle 140 and the output cone 143 jet pump 138.

At the location of the storage capacitor 137 so that the maximum water level in it is above the level of the bottom connected to its drain line 7 receiver wastewater (Fig), made in the form of containers of type 2 baths, sump tank (not shown) and the like, pumping water from a specified receiver wastewater produced with additional suction jet pump 150 using manual or electrical control of the latter. If manual control of the suction pump 150 for pumping water from the tub 2 into the container 137 manually open the valve 154, through which water from the water supply 17 is supplied to the nozzle 152 of the pump 150. When this pressure jet generated SOP is om 152 in the mixing chamber 151, auctorum of the last water, causing the water in the tub 2, is sucked through the drain line 7 into the mixing chamber 151, where ejectives through the outlet diffuser 155 and outlet line 156 into the container 137. If necessary, the acceleration or deceleration of pumping water from the bath 2 by an adjustable throttle 157 respectively increase or decrease the volume flow of water from the water supply network 17 to the nozzle 152. After emptying the bath 2 or the maximum water level in the tank 137, controlled through the viewing window 158, pumping stopped by closing the valve 154.

When using electrical control pump 150 for pumping water from the tub 2 into the container 137 include a switch 162, which leads to the inclusion of the actuator 159 of the valve 154 and opening the latter, then is pumping water from the tub 2 into the container 137 jet pump 150 in the above-described order. When the maximum water level in the tank 137 of the relay 163 disconnects sections 165 and 166 of wires 161, whereupon the actuator 159 is turned off, and the valve 154 is closed, stopping the pumping of water from the bath 2. After the next flush toilet 1 or urinal, the water level in the tank 137 is lowered and the relay 163 again closes sections 165 and 166 of wires 161, leading to the inclusion of the actuator 159 of the valve 154 and the opening of the latter, after which the OS 150 turns back on and continues pumping water from the tub 2 into the container 137. Similarly, the pumping may be continued until complete emptying of the bath 2. When you need to pump out water from the tub 2 at full capacity 137, include the switch 162 and the switch 164, the blocking relay 163, which leads to the inclusion of the actuator 159 and pump 150, which pumps out water from the tub 2 into the container 137, where the water through an overflow line 183 (Fig) is discharged into the sewer pipe 8.

The operation of the sewer network, shown in Fig, is determined by the position of cranes 167-169. When their location is shown on Fig specified sewer network operates in the same manner as sewer network, shown in Fig. If necessary, pumping water from the bath 2 in the capacity of 137 control handle 173 rotate 90° counterclockwise manually or electrically 175 included in the operation switch 179. The crane 167 connects the drain line 7 2 baths with a mixing chamber 142 of the pump 138, the valve 168 connects the nozzle 140 jet pump 138 to the water network 17, and the valve 169 connects the outlet diffuser 143 pump 138 with an internal cavity 139 capacity 137, followed by pumping water from the bath 2 in the capacity of 137 in the same manner as in the Sewerage network, shown in Fig.

When the maximum water level in the tank 137 control handle 173 return in the original is ulozhenie. When manual control handle 173 maximum water level in the tank 137 is fixed, watching him through the viewing window 158, and the use of electrical control handle 173 upon reaching the specified level relay 163 interrupts the areas 181 and 182 conductor 178, whereupon the actuator 175 is turned off and the control handle 173 is returned together with cranes 167-169 to its original position, shown in Fig. Both in manual and when elektroupravleniem handle 173 return last together with cranes 167-169 to its original position leads to the cessation of pumping water from the bath 2. After the next flush toilet 1 or urinal, the water level in the tank 137 is lowered and the relay 163 again closes sections 181 and 182 of the conductor 178, which leads to a new actuation of the electric drive 175, turning the handle 173 with cranes 167-169 90° counterclockwise, whereupon the pump 138 turns back on and continues pumping water from the tub 2 into the container 137. Similarly, the pumping may be continued until complete emptying of the bath 2. When you need to pump out water from the tub 2 at full capacity 137 include a switch 179 and the switch 180, the blocking relay 163, which leads to the inclusion of the actuator 175, turn the control handle 173 90° counterclockwise and inclusion in the pump 138, which pumps out water is from 2 baths in a container 137, where water through an overflow line 183 (Fig) is discharged into the sewer pipe 8.

The use of the present invention provides the possibility of recycling of domestic, industrial and atmospheric wastewater for flushing toilets and urinals and in this way allows you to exclude or minimize the consumption of water taken from the water supply for flushing toilets residential, public and industrial premises. This increases water use efficiency, reduced operating costs toilets, resulting in a reduction of funds allocated for payment of the consumed water in accordance with the readings of water meters, and eliminates interruptions in the water supply of settlements and industrial organizations. The total consumption of tap water for sanitary needs when using the present invention can be reduced almost in half, as the share of water used in sewer network prototype for flushing toilets, in that the total consumption is about 50%. However, the use according to the invention, waste water for flushing toilets and urinals allows restrooms with flushing toilets and urinals in the absence of water in them the network. Thus from among the above-mentioned variants of the sewer network with a suction pump, according to the author, the greatest potential for practical use has proposed a variant of the sewer network with jet suction pump as more simple in construction and requires less expenditure during implementation, as well as eliminating the need to install a second collection tank. This choice is justified because for jet pump requires a small flow of water taken from the mains, because the modern design of jet pumps allow actinovate of the mixing chamber of the jet pump liquid volumetric flow rate, order of magnitude greater than the volume flow of working fluid through the nozzle of the pump.

1. Sewer network including at least one flush toilet and/or urinal and at least one receiver wastewater, have a drain line, characterized in that it is provided is placed over the toilet and/or urinal storage capacity, an internal cavity which is connected to the drain line, at least one receiver wastewater, and the lower part is equipped with at least one output line, indicating the internal cavity of the listed capacity on the toilet and/or urinal, and when placing the receiver stock the x water connected to its drain line with storage capacity, in a room located at the same level with the room containing the toilet and/or urinal in the drain line of the specified receiver wastewater pre-installed cumulative capacity, which is connected by its internal cavity to the drain line receiver wastewater and equipped with a suction pump, the inlet of which is connected with the lower part of the internal cavity of the preliminary cumulative capacity, and the output from the internal cavity of the main storage capacity.

2. The network according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower part of the inner cavity of the main accumulating tank inlet valve connected to the water network with the possibility of passage through it of water from the water supply network in cumulative capacity by reducing the liquid level in the latter is below the level at which is located the valve.

3. The network according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that a suction pump placed inside the preliminary cumulative capacity and is equipped with electric, however, preliminary cumulative capacity equipped with a level switch water connected to one of the supply cables of the electric suction pump with the ability to periodically closing and opening the specified electric wire to provide the opportunity to include the Oia and off the suction pump when reaching the specified capacity, accordingly, the maximum and minimum water level, and the main accumulating tank is equipped with a level switch water connected to the second power supply electric wire electric suction pump with periodic opening and closing of the specified electric wire with capability off the suction pump when reaching the specified capacity maximum water level.

4. The network according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that at the location of the preliminary cumulative capacity so that the maximum water level in it is above the bottom connected to its drain line receiver wastewater, made in the form of capacity-type tubs, tank, in the lower part of the inner cavity of the preliminary cumulative capacity below the level specified plate has an inlet valve connected to the drain line of the specified receiver wastewater and made with the possibility of passage through the water from this drain line in the preliminary cumulative capacity by reducing the water level in the latter is below the level at which is a valve.

5. The network according to claim 3 or 4, characterized in that the relay water level prior accumulation tank is equipped with a blocking switch, through which the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay to the East is cinecom power drive the suction pump, connected to the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay with the specified drive, and relays the level of water in the main storage tank is equipped with a blocking switch, through which the section of the supply cables, connecting the specified relay power supply of the electric suction pump connected to the section of the supply cables, connecting the same relay with the specified drive.

6. The network according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the internal cavity of the main storage tank is divided by partitions into compartments with the formation of at least one settling zone, have a drain valve, and the partitions are made with the possibility of changing the direction of movement of water when it is flowing from each of these compartments in adjacent compartment, and the first movement of water in the tank compartment communicates with the output of the suction pump preliminary cumulative capacity, and the last specified during water compartment is reported in its lower part with an output line capacity.

7. The network according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the main accumulating tank made in the form of a vertical cylinder with closed ends and coaxial thereto the inner cylinder with the formation of the annular channel between the cylinders with the Tanga is a special supply of waste water in its upper part, thus the bottom end of the inner cylinder is located above the bottom of the tank, and inside the lower part of the vessel on its axis mounted vertically located the intake pipe which is connected with output line capacitance, and the upper end opening of the specified pipe is located above the lower end of the inner cylinder and the bottom of the tank is made in the form of a funnel, the bottom of which is provided with a drain tap.

8. The network according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the inner cavity of the preliminary cumulative capacity divided by partitions into compartments with the formation of at least one settling zone, have a drain valve, and the partitions are made with the possibility of changing the direction of movement of water when it is flowing from each of these compartments in adjacent compartment, and the first movement of water in the tank compartment is communicated with the drain line receiver wastewater, and the last specified during water compartment communicated with the suction inlet of the pump.

9. The network according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the preliminary cumulative capacity made in the form of a vertical cylinder with closed ends and coaxial thereto the inner cylinder with the formation of the annular channel between the cylinders with a tangential inlet waste water it is rhna part, thus the bottom end of the inner cylinder is located above the bottom of the tank, and inside the lower part of the vessel on its axis mounted vertically located the intake pipe which is connected with the input of the suction pump, and the upper end opening of the specified pipe is located above the lower end of the inner cylinder and the bottom of the tank is made in the form of a funnel, the bottom of which is provided with a drain tap.

10. The network according to any one of claims 4 to 7, characterized in that at least one of the receivers wastewater connected to its drain line with prior storage capacity and is designed as a capacity-type tubs, sump, tank, located inside the preliminary cumulative capacity, overflow hole is communicated with the lower part of the internal cavity of the preliminary cumulative capacity through the water seal and drain holes with the specified internal cavity successively through a water seal, the drain line receiver wastewater and the inlet valve is made with the possibility of passage through the water from this drain line in the preliminary cumulative capacity by reducing the water level in the latter is below the level at which is located the inlet valve.

11. The network according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the main cumulative capacity combined with water b is ccom toilet or urinal while in the lower part of the inner cavity of the listed capacity is installed flushing discharge valve which is connected with a toilet bowl or urinal and provided with an outer manual control, and the inlet valve flush tank combined with the intake valve main tank and located at such a distance from the bottom of the latter, whereby the volume of water between the bottom and the level at which the valve is sufficient for a single flush of the toilet or urinal.

12. The network according to claim 2 or 4, characterized in that the inlet valve is a primary or preliminary cumulative capacity made in the form of a float valve, comprising a housing with inlet and outlet openings and an internal cavity, attached to one of the side walls of the specified capacity, a spring-loaded shutter valve mounted in the internal cavity of the housing with the possibility of overlapping of the discharge holes located above the body sunken float and vertically directed rod connecting the gate valve with the float and passing through is made in the case of the hole.

13. The network according to claim 2 or 4, characterized in that the inlet valve is a primary or preliminary cumulative capacity made in the form of a float valve, comprising a housing with inlet and outlet openings and an internal cavity, attached to one isokovich walls of the specified capacity, spring-loaded gate valve, mounted in the internal cavity of the housing with the possibility of overlapping of the discharge opening and provided with a vertically directed shaft, and a float with a sinker, placed in a vertical guide cylinder mounted on the upper part of the housing coaxially with the bolt shaft interoperable specified stem with a sinker float and having a radial hole in the bottom for the passage of water.

14. Sewer network including at least one toilet and/or urinal with flushing cistern supplied installed in the upper part of its inner cavity inlet valve connected to the water network, and at least one receiver wastewater, have a drain line and placed in the premises, located on a single level building, which housed the toilet and/or urinal, characterized in that it is equipped with storage capacity with jet suction pump, in which the inner cavity is connected to the drain line, at least one receiver wastewater while the jet pump nozzle communicates with the outlet of the inlet valve flush tank, the mixing chamber with the lower part of the internal cavity of the storage capacitor, and the output from the internal cavity of the flush-water tank.

15. The network 14, characterized in that the jet us is with installed near the flush-water tank or inside the when this accumulation tank provided with a discharge line connecting the lower part of its inner cavity with the mixing chamber of the jet pump.

16. The network 14, characterized in that the jet pump is installed near the lower part of the storage tank or in the lower part of the inner cavity of the latter, while the jet pump is provided with a supply line connecting the nozzle with the exit of the inlet valve flush tank, and a discharge line connecting the pump outlet with the internal cavity of the flush-water tank.

17. The network according to any one of p-16, characterized in that the location of the storage tank so that the maximum water level in it is above the level of the bottom connected to its drain line receiver wastewater, made in the form of capacity-type tubs, sump, tank, drain the last line is an additional jet suction pump, in which the mixing chamber is communicated with the specified drain line, and the nozzle through the diverter valve to the water network, and the output of the jet pump is provided with a discharge line that tells it with an internal cavity of the cumulative capacity.

18. Network 17, characterized in that the inlet nozzle additional jet pump has an adjustable choke.

19. Network 17 or 18, characterized in that the diverter valve SN is been drive switch, and cumulative capacity equipped with a level switch water connected to one of the supply cables of the electric diverter faucet with periodic opening and closing of the specified electric wire with the possibility of closing the diverter valve upon reaching the specified capacity maximum water level, then the relay water level is equipped with a blocking switch, through which the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay with the power supply of the actuator diverter valve, connected to the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay to the specified drive.

20. The network 14, characterized in that the location of the storage tank so that the maximum water level in it is above the level of the bottom connected to its drain line receiver wastewater, made in the form of capacity-type tubs, sump, tank, the jet pump is equipped with three two-way valves mounted on a common axis, equipped with two-position control handle, with one of the valves is arranged to connect the nozzle of the jet pump outlet inlet valve flush-water tank or water supply line from the water supply, respectively, in first and second position of the control handle, the second valve are made with the possibility the firm connection of the mixing chamber of the jet pump with the lower part of the inner cavity of the storage tank or drain line receiver wastewater accordingly, in the first and second position of the control handle, and the third valve are made with the possibility of connecting the output of the jet pump with an internal cavity flush-water tank or with the internal cavity of the storage tank, respectively, in first and second position of the control handle.

21. The network according to claim 20, characterized in that the control handle is equipped with electric switch, and cumulative capacity equipped with a level switch water connected to one of the supply cables of the drive control handle with the possibility of periodic opening and closing of the specified electric wire with capability of moving the control stick from its second position into the first when reaching the specified capacity maximum water level, then the relay water level is equipped with a blocking switch, through which the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay with the power source of the drive control handle connected to the section of the supply cables, connecting the relay to the specified drive.

22. The network according to claim 20 or 21, characterized in that the water supply from the water supply to the two-way valve, through which the nozzle of the jet pump is communicated with the specified line has an adjustable choke.

23. The network according to any one of p-22, otlichayas the same time, the inner cavity of the storage tank is divided by partitions into compartments with the formation of at least one settling zone, have a drain valve, and the partitions are made with the possibility of changing the direction of movement of water when it is flowing from each of these compartments in adjacent compartment, and the first movement of water in the tank compartment is communicated with the drain line, at least one receiver wastewater, and the last specified during water compartment is reported in its lower part with an output line capacity.

24. The network according to any one of p-22, characterized in that the cumulative capacity made in the form of a vertical cylinder with closed ends and coaxial thereto the inner cylinder with the formation of the annular channel between the cylinders with a tangential inlet waste water in its upper part, while the lower end of the inner cylinder is located above the bottom of the tank, and inside the lower part of the vessel on its axis mounted vertically located the intake pipe which is connected with output line capacitance, and the upper end opening of the specified pipe is located above the lower end of the inner cylinder and the bottom of the tank is made in the form of a funnel, the lower part of which have a drain valve.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water, particularly to connect sewage pipes and odor seals.

SUBSTANCE: sewage pipe connector comprises inlet tubular part connected to the pipe and arranged upstream from the pipe to create inlet sewage water channel, outlet tubular part connected to the pipe and located downstream from it to create outlet sewage water channel and suppression part defining connection sewage water channel to create sewage water flow from inlet sewage water channel to outlet sewage water passage. The connector also has dividing tubular part, which forms dividing channel extending upwards from suppression section of the suppression part and dividing sewage water channel in upward direction at suppression section. Inlet and outlet tubular parts are located one opposite another and are coaxial one to another. Sewage water channel defined by suppression section is below the lowest part of adjacent sewage water channels. The connector additionally has dividing pipe connected to front end of dividing tubular part to enlarge the dividing channel in upward direction and lid detachably attached to the front end of dividing pipe for dividing channel sealing.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of odor suppression and prevention of outside odor spreading, possibility to regulate dividing channel height to compensate different depth of pipe laying.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly toilet system.

SUBSTANCE: toilet system comprises lavatory pan, flushing device to supply flushing water, line connected to the lavatory pan and to sewage pipeline, means to convey pumped-out mass from lavatory pan to the line and sewage pipeline. The means comprise two valves and pressure chamber arranged in-between, wherein the valves and pressure chamber are arranged in line. Reduced pressure is created in pressure chamber to force the mass from lavatory pan and pressure inside pressure chamber is increased to convey the mass to sewage pipeline. Pressure chamber is made as piston cylinder and includes piston connected to drive means. The drive means move the piston to reduce or increase pressure inside the pressure chamber. The system also has electric control means to control the drive means and above valves so that when the mass is forced out of the pressure chamber the piston movement is performed along with bringing both valves in closed state to create reduced pressure inside the chamber. After that the first valve is rapidly opened to provide the mass inflow from lavatory pan into pressure chamber.

EFFECT: reduced water consumption, increased operational reliability and service life.

9 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: water protection, particularly for prevention of water basin contamination with surface water received from agricultural lands.

SUBSTANCE: modular device comprises vertical partitions, which divide thereof into receiving, overflow and sediment chambers. Device includes several identical sections provided with partition chamber, clean water chamber, oil and floating rubbish gathering chamber and has filtering dam installed in intake channel bed.

EFFECT: simplified structure, increased cleaning efficiency.

2 dwg

FIELD: control of WC flushing valves.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of control of WC flushing valve in vacuum collector system includes opening and closing of flushing valve by means of control unit at rate ensuring opening and closing time of 0.25 and 0.4 s respectively. Device for control of WC flushing valve includes at least three working valves. Device and flushing valve are actuated by vacuum created in collector system. Said working valves may return to initial position by means of common piston-type rod made in form of cam which is actuated in its turn by piston in cylindrical chamber. First valve actuated by starting unit brings cylindrical chamber in communication with vacuum source in second valve actuated by cam which brings vacuum source in collector system in communication with drive unit of flushing valve and third valve brings flushing ring or similar unit with water source through pipes and passages.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

8 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; vehicle vacuum toilet system.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains one toilet 1 placed in heated room 3 and connected through discharge valve 4 with drain pipe 5, container collector 6 connected with drain pipe 5 and device 8 to build vacuum in container-collector 6 and drain pipe 5. Container-collector is made in form of elongated vertically installed container 6 for collecting liquid sewage. Drain pipe is connected to container-collector 6 near center of its cylindrical main part. Container-collector is arranged in tight contact with room so that it is heated in height owing to heating of room. Container-collector can receive at least five toilet water drains.

EFFECT: prevention of freezing of contents in container-collector in period between its emptying without use of separate heating system.

12 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage water into ponds through underground horizons.

SUBSTANCE: method involves prospecting underground horizon with required absorbing capacity extending into pond; arranging gravity water flow into horizon; bringing water flow velocity up to underground horizon seepage velocity and providing dispersed laminar water flow. Device comprises water supply pipeline and receiving filtering well with waterproof side walls filled with coarse filling material and having narrow neck. Arranged inside neck are water flow deflectors installed below water supply pipeline in several rows and filter widening in downward direction. Accumulation chamber is located at upper filter part. Coarse filling material is located under accumulation chamber. Particle size of coarse filling material smoothly reduces in top-down direction and filter bottom is located below upper boundary of underground absorbing horizon.

EFFECT: increased output, increased quality of utilized water.

2 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg

FIELD: sewage system, particularly combination of engineering structures and sanitary procedures for collection and draining-off domestic sewage water concerned with day-to-day people activity in countryside.

SUBSTANCE: sewage system includes bath, lavatory pan, washing stand, collecting vessel and decomposition vessel with orifices for purified water discharge in ground. Gas relief valve and pipeline are arranged in upper part of decomposition vessel. Above vessels are made as metal drums. Located inside decomposition vessel is filter system. Orifices are drilled in lower part of decomposition vessel and arranged along the full vessel bottom perimeter. Fertilizers from decomposition vessel are removed through above valve. System has connection means formed as flexible couplers to link domestic sewage junctions with above system structures.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability, simplified structure, technology and maintenance, reduced cost.

1 dwg

The invention relates to installed in the sewer system inlet air valve, which protects your system water separator (s) and prevents messages sewage system with the surrounding atmosphere, and in the fall it pressure automatically opens and through it into the sewage system enters the air

The invention relates to the field of public utilities and can be used for sanitary hardware locality

The sewerage system // 2225483
The invention relates to the field of public utilities and can be used for sanitary hardware locality

FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly installed in autonomous cabinet or in built-in outdoor structure or in specially adapted room.

SUBSTANCE: toilet facility includes cabinet with floor, walls and door. The cabinet is divided into utility part and service part in which sanitary equipment is mounted. Service part contains sink. Sanitary equipment includes at least two bowl-like lavatory pans with seats brought into rotational movement around an axis by actuator, automatic flushing system with nozzles and control unit. Toilet facility is also provided with rotary load-bearing frame disposed between above cabinet parts and enclosures. Each enclosure is composed of two side panels located from both opposite sides relative vertical axis. The panels are connected one to another and fastened to load-bearing frame. Lavatory pans and seats are connected one to another and fastened to load-bearing frame.

EFFECT: simplified structure, enhanced performance and increased service life.

18 cl, 4 dwg

Cannabina // 2123559

Cannabina // 2110650
The invention relates to a combined water and sewer installations and equipment of stationary toilets, as detached street, and any other embedded or located within any premises

FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly installed in autonomous cabinet or in built-in outdoor structure or in specially adapted room.

SUBSTANCE: toilet facility includes cabinet with floor, walls and door. The cabinet is divided into utility part and service part in which sanitary equipment is mounted. Service part contains sink. Sanitary equipment includes at least two bowl-like lavatory pans with seats brought into rotational movement around an axis by actuator, automatic flushing system with nozzles and control unit. Toilet facility is also provided with rotary load-bearing frame disposed between above cabinet parts and enclosures. Each enclosure is composed of two side panels located from both opposite sides relative vertical axis. The panels are connected one to another and fastened to load-bearing frame. Lavatory pans and seats are connected one to another and fastened to load-bearing frame.

EFFECT: simplified structure, enhanced performance and increased service life.

18 cl, 4 dwg

Sewage system // 2274709

FIELD: water supply and sewage systems, particularly for residential, public and industrial buildings.

SUBSTANCE: sewage system in accordance with the first embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal and at least one sewage water receiver provided with discharge pipeline. The system also has accumulation vessel arranged over lavatory pan and/or urinal and communicated with the discharge pipeline of at least one sewage water receiver. Lower part of accumulation vessel has at least one outlet pipeline to communicate accumulation vessel with lavatory pan and/or urinal. If sewage water receiver connected with discharge pipeline and accumulation vessel is in room located on one level with room in which lavatory pan and/or urinal is installed fore accumulation vessel is arranged in discharge line of above sewage water receiver. The fore accumulation vessel interior is communicated with sewage water receiver and provided with exhaust pump having inlet connected with lower part of fore accumulation vessel interior and outlet linked with main accumulation vessel interior. Sewage system in accordance with the second embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal with flushing tank provided with inlet valve arranged in upper part of flushing tank interior and connected to water supply system. Sewage system has at least one sewage water receiver provided with drainage pipeline and arranged in room, which is in one level with room having lavatory pan and/or urinal. The system is provided with accumulation vessel comprising exhaust pump having interior connected with drainage pipeline of at least one waste water receiver. Jet pump nozzle communicates with outlet part of inlet flushing tank valve. Mixing chamber communicates with lower part of accumulation vessel interior. Outlet part is connected with flushing tank interior.

EFFECT: possibility of household, industrial and atmospheric sewage water recycling and use for flushing lavatory pans and, as a result, reduced water consumption.

24 cl, 20 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method involves setting up public bathrooms, wash basins and toilets with flush tanks. Each bathroom contains at least one toilet with a flush tank, which is connected through a duct with drain holes of the sink and contains a device whereby flush tanks of at least some other toilets are connected to a supply duct with drain holes of the sinks, which opens the feed line when the flush tank is full and closes it when it is empty. Flush tanks of toilets or some of the toilets are connected to the water supply system through a supply line.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of clean water, improved hygiene, reduced incidence of infectious diseases, a more comfortable environment for users.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: lavatory contains wash basins and toilet bowls with flushing cisterns. Each lavatory contains at least one toilet with a flush tank, which is connected through a duct with drain holes of the sink and contains a device whereby flush tanks of at least some other toilets are connected to a supply duct with drain holes of the sinks, which opens the feed line when the flush tank is full and closes it when it is empty. The flush tanks of all the toilets or part thereof are connected to the water supply system through a supply pipe.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of clean water, improved hygiene, reduced incidence of infectious diseases, a more comfortable environment for users.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to sanitary equipment. The public toilet comprises a toilet (2) with a flushing cistern (1) which is connected by a conduit (9) to the drain holes of the washbasins (10, 11, 12) and contains a device by which the flush tank (13) of another toilet (15) is connected with drain holes of the washbasins (10, 11, 12) by a supply pipe (21). The device includes a supply line (21) with the flushing cistern (1) containing the device filled in and turns it off when the flush tank (1) is empty. Filling of each subsequent flushing tank (13 and 14) with waste water is carried out sequentially after filling the previous flushing tank (1). Flushing tanks (1, 13, 14) of all or part of the toilets (2, 15, 16) are connected to the water supply system (6) through the supply line (5, 19, 20). In this method the public toilet is used for the dispatch of natural needs. In this case the described above toilet is used.

EFFECT: reducing the consumption of clean water, improved sanitation, reducing the incidence of infectious diseases, creating a more comfortable environment for users.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.

SUBSTANCE: method uses a toilet containing wash basins and toilets with flushing cisterns. The toilet contains at least one toilet bowl with a flushing cistern which is connected by a pipe to the drain holes of the washbasins and contains a device by means of which the flushing cistern of at least one other toilet bowl is connected by a supply line with drains of washbasins. The device opens the supply conduit when the cistern containing device is filled and closes it when the cistern is unfilled.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of clean water, improved sanitation, reduced incidence of infectious diseases, creating a more comfortable environment for users.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: sewage system, particularly combination of engineering structures and sanitary procedures for collection and draining-off domestic sewage water concerned with day-to-day people activity in countryside.

SUBSTANCE: sewage system includes bath, lavatory pan, washing stand, collecting vessel and decomposition vessel with orifices for purified water discharge in ground. Gas relief valve and pipeline are arranged in upper part of decomposition vessel. Above vessels are made as metal drums. Located inside decomposition vessel is filter system. Orifices are drilled in lower part of decomposition vessel and arranged along the full vessel bottom perimeter. Fertilizers from decomposition vessel are removed through above valve. System has connection means formed as flexible couplers to link domestic sewage junctions with above system structures.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability, simplified structure, technology and maintenance, reduced cost.

1 dwg

FIELD: methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage water into ponds through underground horizons.

SUBSTANCE: method involves prospecting underground horizon with required absorbing capacity extending into pond; arranging gravity water flow into horizon; bringing water flow velocity up to underground horizon seepage velocity and providing dispersed laminar water flow. Device comprises water supply pipeline and receiving filtering well with waterproof side walls filled with coarse filling material and having narrow neck. Arranged inside neck are water flow deflectors installed below water supply pipeline in several rows and filter widening in downward direction. Accumulation chamber is located at upper filter part. Coarse filling material is located under accumulation chamber. Particle size of coarse filling material smoothly reduces in top-down direction and filter bottom is located below upper boundary of underground absorbing horizon.

EFFECT: increased output, increased quality of utilized water.

2 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg

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