Two-level dynamic imitator of targets
FIELD: testing equipment, possible use for complex half-natural modeling of functioning of aviation and outer space objects.
SUBSTANCE: imitator has serially connected block for forming signals and signals emitter, held on moving carriage. Imitator is equipped with additional carriages with signal emitters and vertical posts, upper base, upper rotation assembly, upper rotation axis, lower base, lower rotation assembly, serially enabled rotation control panel, electric motor and mechanical rotation motor, connected to upper and lower rotation assemblies, to block for controlling movement of carriages, receiving block of control commands transfer line, first outputs of which are connected to appropriate controlling inputs of signal forming block, and second outputs - to controlling inputs of appropriate carriage moving assemblies. Also, imitator is provided with serially connected block for controlling radiation and transmitting block of line for transferring control commands, second input of which is connected to output of block for controlling movement of carriages. Inputs of signal emitters are connected to appropriate outputs of signal forming block, upper ends of vertical posts are connected to each other and in place of their connection vertical rotation axis is held included in upper rotation assembly held on upper base, lower ends of vertical posts are held in moving part of lower rotation assembly, immobile portion of which is held on lower base. Receiving block for control command transfer line and block for forming signals are positioned on rotary portion of two-level dynamic imitator of targets, and each carriage is positioned on a vertical post.
EFFECT: improved trustworthiness of test results.
6 cl, 3 dwg
The invention relates to the field of test equipment and can be used in complex scaled-down simulation of the operation of aircraft and space objects, in particular for simulation of dynamic targets (objects)moving two-dimensionally.
A device for automated ground control missile patent RU No. 2231732, IPC 7 F 41 G 7/00, 2003.11.11, including a guided missile with a homing head (DBN), automated test equipment, measuring device responses and simulator targets, which is a Bank of data (samples) real goals in real conditions of use of the rocket, which is inserted into the collimator device for subsequent recognition of the GOS and assess its health. However, this simulator purposes does not allow you to get real change location purposes, to more accurately assess the functioning of the GOS.
Known test bench for patent RU No. 2207485, IPC 7 F 41 G 3/26, 2002.11.01 containing GOS, reflective screen and simulator targets, including the emitter signals. The reflective screen is installed in front of the simulator target. The purpose simulator includes a radiating horn mounted on a floating platform. However, this technical solution does not allow dynamic is trabocco onboard control systems in automatic mode. In addition, due to the offset GOS relatively simulator aims at moving the signal on the sphere changes the length of its passing after reflection to the receiver, which leads to systematic errors, which is a difficult task, especially when working simultaneously on multiple targets.
A known system for forecasting the results of field tests of an unmanned aerial vehicle according to patent RU No. 2160927, IPC 7 G 06 G 7/72, 2000.04.20 containing complex measuring systems, including simulator radio is designed to generate a signal simulating the movement of a monitoring object in range and simulator angular motion of objects, designed to reproduce the angular displacement of the object of observation and reflected signal. Structurally, the simulator angular motion of the object is a carrier antenna emitter connected to the output of the simulator of radio signals. The carriage moves along the guide, located at a distance, where it provides a flat wavefront at the aperture radar sight. As the antenna device is used horn radiator. The specified technical solution is the closest analogue to the stated offer and selected as a prototype. However, the data simulator aims to allow movement of the target (the object of observation) two-dimensionally. Obtaining high precision setting, i.e. the determination of the target coordinates using tools, is a complex task that requires a lot of expenses because the carriage moves along the guide that are not part of a spherical surface on which the determination of the coordinates of the emitter signal easier and more accurate. In addition, the dynamic characteristics of the motion of the object of observation (goals) do not allow to realize all possibilities known forecasting results of field tests, as not implemented by the target on the spherical surface, using and rotational motion around the circumference. The range of angles in which you can change the position of the emitter signal, small.
The present invention is to increase the reliability evaluation test results by obtaining high precision setting and expansion of radioassay purpose.
The essence of the proposed invention is that the two-step dynamic simulator contains goals connected in series signal and the emitter signals, mounted on a moving carriage, while the simulator is equipped with additional carriages with emitters of signals and vertical posts, the upper founded the eat, the top node of rotation of the upper axis of rotation, the bottom base, the bottom node of rotation, sequentially enabled by the remote control rotation, electric and mechanical rotational drive connected to the top or bottom nodes of rotation, the control unit moving the carriages, the reception unit and the transmission line control commands, the first outputs of which are connected to respective control inputs of the signal, and the second outputs to the control inputs of the respective nodes of the carriage, connected in a control unit of the radiation and the sending unit line transmission of control commands, the second input is connected to the output of the control unit moving the carriages, and the inputs of the emitter signals connected to the corresponding outputs of the signal, the upper ends of the uprights are connected to each other and at their point of connection fixed vertical axis of rotation, which is the top node of rotation fixed on the upper base, the lower ends of the vertical posts fixed in the movable part of the lower node of rotation, the stationary part is fixed on the lower base, while the receiving unit transmission line control commands and the signal are located on the rotating part of the two-step dynamic and is itator purposes, while each of the carriages placed on a vertical pole.
In the particular case of the execution of vertical rack simulator goals made curved, with the curvature has a constant radius.
In the particular case of the execution of vertical rack simulator purposes connected with the outside ring stiffness.
The receiving unit of the transfer line control commands and the signal can be fixed to the movable part of the lower node of rotation.
The vertical uprights of the carriage and sub-carriage can be performed with the internal toothed linear transfer.
Figure 1 shows the design of the proposed two-stage dynamic simulator purposes, and figure 2 - schematic view of the bottom of the rotation unit. Figure 3 shows the two-stage dynamic simulator purposes, together with a dynamic stand reproduce the movement of the GOS and the GOS,
Two-stage dynamic simulator purposes includes vertical posts 1, the carriage 2, the upper base 3, the upper axis of rotation 4, the top node of rotation 5, the remote control rotation 6, the actuator 7, the mechanical rotational drive 8, the lower the rotation unit 9 consisting of a fixed part of the bottom of the rotation unit 10 and the movable part of the bottom of the rotation unit 11, the control unit of radiation 12, the signal 13, the emitters of signals 14, b is OK control the movement of the carriage 15, the nodes move carriage 16, the transmitting unit and the transmission line control commands 17, the receiving block line command transmission control 18, the bottom base 19, the ring stiffeners 20. In addition, figures 1-3 are depicted: the homing head 21, a dynamic stand playback motion homing head 22 and the base of the dynamic Billboard motion playback GOS 23.
Two-stage dynamic simulator purposes is as follows. The control unit radiation 12 generates a command that defines the appearance simulating the target, i.e. the frequency range of the signal, its power, polarization. This command is supplied to the first input of the transmitting unit and the transmission line control commands 17, to the second input of which receives the signal from the output of the control unit moves the carriage 15, which is a command that defines the law of transfer on the corresponding vertical post 1 of the respective carriage 2. The transmitting unit transmission line control commands 17 emits a signal that carries the information received at its two inputs, and the receiving block line command transmission control 18 receives this signal and deshifriral. Thus, on his first and second outputs are signals corresponding generated by the control unit radiation 12 and the control unit moves the carriage 15, respectively, the Signal from the first output of the reception unit of the transmission line control commands 18 to the input of the processing unit 13, outputs directly and are formed corresponding signals that determine the appearance simulating the target, i.e. its frequency range, power, and polarization. These signals arrive at the inputs of the respective emitters of signals 14 that radiate into space. The signals from the second output of the reception unit and the transmission line control commands 18 are received at the inputs of the respective nodes of the carriage 16, which provide a specified movement of the carriage 2 together with the emitters of signals 14 to the vertical uprights 1. Thus, there is a movement goals in elevation. Consider changing the position of the targets in azimuth. Remote control rotation 6 generates a signal that defines the law of movement of the emitter signals 14 in azimuth: the direction, the speed, if necessary, and the acceleration that acts on the actuator 7, which is converted into rotational movement, and by means of a mechanical drive rotation 8 carries out the rotation of the two-stage dynamic simulator purposes, may be used as the top node of rotation 5, and the bottom node of rotation 9. Note that the possibility of using one of the two specified nodes of rotation 5 or 9 is an alternative characteristic and fairly included in claim 1 of the claims, because in combination with other signs, the prisoners in the claims, provides the same technical result. In two-stage dynamic simulator purposes, for testing, for example, the homing head is placed according to figure 3, the dynamic stand playback motion homing head 22 with a pre-installed homing head 21. The truncated sphere two-stage dynamic simulator purposes held for the purpose of installation in these stand 22 and the homing head 21. Figure 2 schematically shows the lower node of rotation 9, which allows you to place inside the base of the dynamic Billboard motion playback GOS 23. Positioning the radiation source 14 in a spherical coordinate system can be performed, for example, using a coordinate grid, the receipt of which is not difficult because it is a division of the circle into 360°. Spherical coordinates if necessary, can be converted to Cartesian. The definition of the azimuthal characteristics and appropriate management in azimuth is also simplified when performing bottom of the rotation unit 9 according to the type widely known tracking antenna (ADU) radar station (radar), see, for example, M.I. Finkelstein "Primary radar"), Owls. radio, 1973, str-403; "Radar devices" Ed. by what Ktsia CENTURIES Grigoriy-Ryabova, M., Owls. radio, 1970, p.93-95; LSL / Statehow, ISESCO History and development of weapons and military equipment of air defense of ground troops of Russia" publishing house "BCP", 1999, an address on the Internet - http://i.pvo.guns.ru/rtv/nitel/1113.htm#5/that can work in automatic circular mode, showing the current azimuth with a circular rotation, and in software control mode, setting and moving, ultimately, the radiation source 14, for a given program (the so-called software review space The radar). Also increasing the number of uprights 1 and carriage 2 you can get the required number of targets. In addition, increase the limit angles of movement of the carriage 2 in the horizontal plane (360°)and in the vertical plane (the critical angle depends on the degree of "truncation" mentioned earlier).
Implementation of receiving and transmitting blocks transmission line commands departments 18 and 17, respectively, can be carried out by known rules of construction of the transmission lines of information, both in analogue and digital form, see, for example, respectively the Penin P.I., Filippov LI Radio communication system, Meters, Radio and Communications, 1984, p.6-10 or Penin P.I. transmission System digital data, M, Owls. Radio, 1976, p.17-24. Given that the amount of information transmitted and the speed of its p is passing extremely low, and the transmission distance is negligible, according to the applicant, can be used with minor modifications the remote control of a TV or mobile phone, which are widely known. Moreover, the latter is already widely used for a long time as a line data transfer: GPRS for mobile Internet, GSM alarm system - an address on the Internet-http://www.zummer.ru/zummer.php?p=about. Moving and positioning of the carriage 2 along the vertical posts 1 may be, for example, using a linear gear transmission, located on the vertical posts 1, the carriage 2 and the nodes move carriage 16. The top node of rotation 5 is the case of the implementation of mechanical drive rotation on the lower node of rotation 9 plain bearing mounted on the upper base 3, and in the case of the implementation of the rotational drive to the top node of rotation 5 may be performed, as indicated earlier, on the principle of ASD radar. Node move the carriage 16 is an electric motor with a reducer. The emitter 14 may be a horn radiator for radio frequency imitating the purpose or source of light radiation when working with the appropriate TOS. The signal 13 represents the simplest case is when the set is switched and controlled by often the e and the amplitude of the signal generator or a frequency synthesizer, see for example, Shapiro, D.N., Panin A.A. fundamentals of theory of frequency synthesis, M., Chapman and hall, 1981.
The proposed two-stage dynamic simulator purposes, you can extend your booth scaled-down simulation by increasing radioassay targets up to 180° in vertical planes, and up to 360° in the horizontal plane. The accuracy setting is increased to 0.25°/min
1. Two-stage dynamic simulator purposes, containing connected in series signal and the emitter signals, mounted on a moving carriage, characterized in that the simulator is equipped with additional carriages with emitters of signals and vertical posts, the upper base, the upper node of rotation of the upper axis of rotation, the bottom base, the bottom node of rotation, sequentially enabled by the remote control rotation, electric and mechanical rotational drive connected to the top or bottom by the rotation unit, the control unit moving the carriages, the reception unit and the transmission line control commands, the first outputs of which are connected to respective control inputs of the signal, and the second outputs - to the control inputs of the respective nodes of the carriage, connected in the control unit radiation transmission and the beginning of a transmission line control commands, the second input is connected to the output of the control unit moving the carriages, and the inputs of the emitter signals are connected to the corresponding outputs of the signal, the upper ends of the uprights are connected to each other and at their point of connection fixed vertical axis of rotation, which is the top node of rotation fixed on the upper base, the lower ends of the vertical posts fixed in the movable part of the lower node of rotation, the stationary part is fixed on the lower base, while the receiving unit transmission line control commands and the signal are located on the rotating part of the two-stage dynamic simulator purposes, and each of the carriages placed on the vertical stand.
2. Simulator purposes according to claim 1, characterized in that the vertical posts are made curved.
3. Simulator purposes according to claim 2, characterized in that the vertical posts are made curved with a curvature constant of the selected range.
4. Simulator purposes according to claim 1, characterized in that the vertical posts are connected to the outside ring stiffness.
5. Simulator purposes according to claim 1, characterized in that the receiving unit and the transmission line of the control commands and the signal is fixed on the movable part of the lower node of rotation.
6. Simulator purposes according to claim 1, otlichuy is the, the vertical uprights of the carriage and sub-carriage is made with the internal toothed linear transfer.
SUBSTANCE: trainer can be used for professional training of coastal terminals' operators. Trainer has data server, unit for recording histories of persons to be trained and network router. The latter has 2N+2 network data units connected together by data network sending bus. Instructor's unit has instructor's control unit and unit for modeling processes in hydraulic systems connected with unit for calculation of construction strength.
EFFECT: widened operational capabilities.
5 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: engineering of automated training equipment, possible utilization for engineering and manufacturing systems for complex group and/or individual training and preparation of personnel for operating and servicing different complicated technological systems requiring a human operator in controlling contour.
SUBSTANCE: device has four autonomous functional modules, connected to each other by communication connections and individual information inputs and outputs. Problem-oriented software-hardware complex on basis of intellectual interface, supporting in dialog mode the automated training cycles and cycles for controlling knowledge of trainees, is made in form of a module belonging to computing system for controlling training process, provided with software required for functioning of such a system. Also, aforementioned system has group training module, individual training module and procedural training machine module. Module of computing system for controlling training process has several electronic software-hardware blocks: training block, technological block maintenance block, electronic documentation block, indication block, modes block, controlling block, testing block and commutating block, each of which has their own information inputs and outputs.
EFFECT: improved level and quality of education, decreased time required for mastering subject complicated technological system and increased efficiency of training itself as well as efficiency of application of its results further during practice, providing for improved safety of operation of aforementioned complicated technological systems.
18 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; training of drivers.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle control mechanisms. Proposed device contains support, hinge-mounted easy-to-remove pedals, levers springs and stops to limit rotation. Device is furnished additionally with flexible cable system to transmit motion from standby additional pedals to standard pedals of automobile. Invention makes it possible to control mechanisms in one direction by means of additional pedals and, if necessary, to intervene into control process and to by cut out when standard pedals are in use.
EFFECT: facilitated transmission of control motions to pedals.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: training facilities for cosmonauts at landing of spacecraft on sea surface; sea swell simulators for tests under simulated conditions in hydraulic medium.
SUBSTANCE: proposed simulator includes training conditions setting unit, control unit, bank, pitch and amplitude control channels, pneumatic pump, high-pressure gas source, attachment frame and supports. Bank and pitch control channels include inverter, two pressurizing valves and two discharge valves each; amplitude control channel includes inverter, pressurizing and discharge valves and pneumatic bottle. Simulator is mounted on attachment frame connected to descent vehicle. Simulator makes it possible to simulate sea swell at definite amplitude and frequency for training the cosmonauts in landing on sea surface. Device is invariant to water basin where training is performed.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and reliability.
FIELD: aeronautical engineering; medicine and other techniques for simulation of operation of instruments and equipment.
SUBSTANCE: instrument board includes monitors with images of instruments and indicators displayed on them and screen mounted before monitors. Stereo-images of flat instruments and indicators may be obtained with the aid of plano-parallel lenses placed above their images in holes of screen made identically to panel of simulated flying vehicle. Proposed instrument board enhances efficiency of training specialists at retained intensity of training due to observance of dynamic informational similarity and optimal relationship between natural and virtual elements.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of training.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: aeronautical engineering; vocational training of pilot personnel and ground services pertaining to flight control.
SUBSTANCE: proposed system includes computer complex. Central server of this complex is connected in parallel with functionally-oriented servers of local nets. Local nets connect computer complex with working positions of trainee and specialists: pilots, instructor, flight director, landing zone director, ground control group and inspector. Provision is made for operator's position for servicing the computer complex. Storage of central server contains base array of initial data, real process simulating unit with simulating devices and trainee monitoring unit.
EFFECT: maximum realistic conditions in training pilot personnel.
5 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: simulation equipment for vocational training of pilot personnel.
SUBSTANCE: proposed complex includes expert system with data base and logic output machine, unit for identification of state and configuration of flying vehicle, flight mode unit, emergency situation identification unit and emergency situation development forecast unit.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities.
FIELD: rocketry; a test site used for complex seminatural modeling analysis of operation of the air and space objects.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of rocketry and may be used at a complex seminatural model-based analysis of the air and space objects operation. The substance of the invention consists that the test site contains a guidance head, a dynamic stand of modeling of the a guidance head angular motion and the target radio-simulator, which is supplied with two platforms located on both sides of a semi-sphere with a mirror symmetry in respect to each other and pressed by the magnetic force to each other. The platforms are capable to move on the semi-sphere in any direction. The trajectory of the platforms motion is determined by a control unit of seminatural model-based analysis of operation of the guidance head. On the platform located on the inner side of the semi-sphere there is an emitter of a signal, which is emitting a signal directed to the side of the guidance head. So it imitates relocation of the target. The guidance head receives the emitted signal and using the dynamic stand of modeling of the guidance head angular motion conduct tracking of relocation of the emitter, which then is analyzed. Realization of the invention allows to decrease the labor input, materials consumption at manufacture of the test site, and also to simplify its operation.
EFFECT: the invention allows to decrease the labor input, materials consumption at manufacture of the test site, and also to simplify its operation.
1 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: training apparatuses.
SUBSTANCE: device has computer complex, containing movement indicators and control levers, including control handle, connected to electric engines of loading device via cable wiring and forming closed contours of wiring. Control handle is augmented with trimmer, made in form of compensators of each closed contour. Compensator is made in form of two rollers, upper and lower, through which cable wiring is guided. If force is present on control levers, pilot enables trimmer, sending signal to autonomous drives. Autonomous drives move both rollers for certain distance. Opposite branches of contours of cable wiring of drives of pitch and bank, circling rollers, are retracted and let loose appropriately. Handle is returned to neutral position and force on it is removed due to operation of compensator, imitating mechanism of trimmer effect.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, broader functional capabilities.
6 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: shipbuilding; building of training vessels for naval vocational education.
SUBSTANCE: proposed training vessel has control system with training education system and working positions for trainee. Working positions for trainee are used as reserve stations duplicating the main stations receiving and processing the information in cruising under real conditions for comparison of decisions of watchmen at main stations with decisions of trainee at reserve stations which are stored in computer training system.
EFFECT: fast adaptation of trainee to activity and sea life under real conditions.
FIELD: technology for automatic control and adjustment, possible use for building mathematical models of channels for adjusting cyclic and continuous technological objects in control systems.
SUBSTANCE: method includes preliminary estimation of static characteristics of errors of predicting and adjustment, joint predicting of working controls and vector of output values of object, application of testing influence onto predictable working controls, fixing trajectory of change of output variables in time and estimation on basis of received data of dynamic characteristics of researched adjustment channels, while additionally determined is list of possible type-representing situations and required reactions for these situations are preliminarily estimated, presence and changing of type-representing situations on object is controlled operatively, trajectories of predicted output variables are corrected, relatively to which reaction of object to testing influence is estimated, algorithms for setting reaction parameters of type-representing situations are selected in function of parameters of type-representing situations themselves.
EFFECT: improved precision of identification.
FIELD: controlling technologies and engineering of relevant equipment, possible use for estimating status of complicated multi-parametric objects and systems of various purposes.
SUBSTANCE: estimation method includes preliminary generation of object parameters composition, onto information carrier a set of measured object parameters is recorded during certain object functioning time in form of indicative coefficients, threshold values are determined, mutual interconnection of indicative coefficients and they are recorded onto information carrier, after that synthetic coefficients are calculated, as which projections of indicative coefficients onto axes of ellipsoids of dissipation of values of source indicative coefficients are utilized, object status is estimated on basis of selected portion of synthetic coefficients.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of estimation process, increased speed of operation.
FIELD: engineering of controlling and measuring equipment, possible use for engineering, producing, testing and operating of radio-electronic products.
SUBSTANCE: device for analyzing breakdowns has block for controlling gradual breakdowns, block for controlling errors, containing frequency splitter, pulse counters, subtracters, OR element, display element, and control block, containing data selector, pulse counter by module N, clock pulse generator, delay elements, memory cells block, AND elements, OR elements.
EFFECT: expanded class of solved problems and improved trustworthiness of analysis results due to controlling of moments when breakdowns occur as well as their duration, pseudo-parallel processing of controlled parameters.
FIELD: engineering of control system, possible use for controlling multi-functional electronic systems of various uses.
SUBSTANCE: system has modes control block, control panel, block of controlled imitators of analog sensor, first and second commutators, and additionally has block for forming control code, block of controlled imitators of frequency sensors, block of controlled imitators of signaling sensors, block for receiving single signals, block for transformation of constant voltage and block for forming and receiving multi-polar code.
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities and control system application area, possible workability check of multi-functional control subjects, possible self-control of all control system elements to provide for high trustworthiness of results.
FIELD: technology and equipment for controlling sensor, preferably, sensor for measuring value, characterizing pressure of air fed into internal combustion engine.
SUBSTANCE: sensor error is detected on basis of absence of changes of its output value in response to appropriate change of certain work parameter, for example, amount of injected fuel. Sensor control can be performed, for example, only if some certain operation modes are present. In case of sensor breakdown, equivalent value is used for controlling engine. Such an equivalent value can be generated on basis of values, characterizing operation mode of internal combustion engine, for example, can be calculated on basis of rotation frequency and/or amount of injected fuel. Also as aforementioned equivalent value, value, received and saved previously, prior to sensor breakdown, can be utilized.
EFFECT: possible reliable correction of errors and breakdowns in operation of sensor, including those during operation of internal combustion engine in dynamic mode.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: aircraft engineering, in particular, systems for controlling angular orientation systems.
SUBSTANCE: device has sensors of banking angle, course, pitch and angular speeds of course, banking, pitch, three differentiation blocks, connected to appropriate angular speed indicators, subtracter, first input of which is connected to angular speed indicator of banking, and second one is connected to output of appropriate differentiating block, subtracter output, and also outputs of angular speed indicators for course, pitch and outputs of two other differentiating blocks are connected to existing squarers, and outputs of squarers respectively to adding, subtracting, adding, subtracting, adding inputs of adder, output of which is connected to first input of comparator, second input is supporting, output of which is output of device.
EFFECT: higher reliability of angular orientation system and higher control trustworthiness.
FIELD: methods of industrial inspection and control.
SUBSTANCE: method can be used when constructing control systems for different parameters of like items provided with route sorting. Items intended to be controlled for specific parameters are disposed in parallel. Additional interoperation stock is formed of items assumed to be suitable. The stocks have admissible top and lower bounds of volumes. Item are subject to shift for all the subsequent parameters correspondingly to assigned priority. When admissible bounds of volume of interoperation stocks are exceeded, the inspection procedure has to be stopped.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of inspection.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: non-destructive control.
SUBSTANCE: method includes determining critical size χcr of defects in operation mode and allowed size [χ]d.o. of defects. Control results are presented in form of bar graph in coordinates (Ndet,χ), where Ndet - number of detected defects, χ - characteristic size of defect. Probability of defect detection Ppd is determined, as well as source defectiveness Nsc=frequency(χ), remaining defectiveness Nrm=φ(χ) as difference between Nsc and Ndet. Remaining defectiveness is divided by trustworthy portion χ≤χd and probability portion χ>χd, where χd - size of defects at limit between trustworthy and probable portions. On basis of probable portion of remaining defectiveness probability of existence of defects is determined, sizes of which exceed χcr and defects, sizes of which exceed [χ]d.o.. Safety of product is determined as probability of absence of defects, sizes of which exceed χcr, and reliability of product is determined as probability of absence of defects, size of which exceed [χ]d.o..
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
9 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: technical diagnostics.
SUBSTANCE: method includes, for each set of input test signals, forming of prior matching response signals for intermediate points of controlled device. Received response signals at outputs of product are compared to parameters of standard response signals and level of their match is determined, in case of mismatches broken branch of functional circuit is determined and diagnostics is repeated by substituting all formed combinations of input signals, after that diagnostics of erratic portions is started.
EFFECT: simplified method.
FIELD: measuring equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device has block for forming control and stimulation signals, block for forming standard signals, multiplication blocks, frequency transformer, phase rotator, commutator, frequencies grid generator, integrators, blocks for square involution, adder, normalization block, key, analog-digital converter, comparison circuits, memory blocks, registers, information output block, interval estimation block (for setting lower and upper limits of trust range for each measured value of mutual difference coefficient of distorted and standard signals) and block for analysis of number of support values of mutual difference coefficient (to exclude from further processing results of measurements, for which within limits of trust interval number of support values of coefficient exceeds allowed limit).
EFFECT: higher precision.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: guidance of flying vehicles at movable, immovable, ground and air radio radiation sources in two-position passive radar systems.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method ensures self-guidance of one of flying vehicles at radio radiation object by one of known methods and other flying vehicle moves over specially calculated trajectory ensuring highest accuracy of measurement of position of radio radiation object on both flying vehicles and highest accuracy of guidance at this source.
EFFECT: enhanced accuracy of guidance due to enhanced accuracy of determination of position of radio radiation sources.