Emitter (versions)

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, animal irradiation equipment.

SUBSTANCE: emitter has casing with gas-discharge lamp and carriage equipped with rollers, telescopic bar mounted centrally of carriage for free displacement along drive cable, another cable to which ends of telescopic bars are attached by means of clamps while other ends of bars are rigidly connected with ends of flexible guide. According to first version, emitter is provided with equal arm lever system and telescopic bar for controlling the latter, said telescopic bar being fixed at lever junction sites. Pivot joints are provided at lever joining sites. Two opposite ends of system are secured to clamps for attachment of telescopic bars to cable. According to second version, emitter is provided with equal arm lever system and telescopic bar for controlling the levers, said bar being fixed at lever arm junction sites. Pivot joints are provided at lever junction sites. Two opposite ends of system are fixed to clamps for attachment of telescopic bars to cable which is positioned for displacement in vertical plane. Upper end of lateral telescopic bars is attached to drive cable by means of rings.

EFFECT: increased animal irradiation efficiency.

3 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to a device for exposure of farm animals.

Known feed for animals (A.S. USSR №650574, IPC And 01 To 29/00, 1979, similar), including case-reflector with lamp, pivotally mounted on the carriage, mounted for movement on a horizontal flexible guide and connected with the drive mechanism in the form of a horizontal rope.

The disadvantage of this irradiator is uneven irradiation of animals in the livestock building.

Known feed for animals (A.S. USSR №1113059, IPC And 01 To 29/00, 1983 - equivalent), containing the case-reflector with a lamp, which is hinged to the carriage and drive mechanism in the form of a cable. The carriage can move along the horizontal flexible guide. At the end of the housing is rigidly mounted telescopic rod mounted in the casing, pivotally attached to the stall space.

The disadvantage of this device is the low efficiency of irradiation of animals because of the uneven exposure.

Known irradiator (A.S. USSR №1351551, IPC And 01 To 29/00, 1987 - prototype), comprising a housing with a gas discharge lamp and a carriage on which are fixed rollers installed in the center of the carriage telescopic rod rigidly mounted on the master cable. On the fixed rope Zack is apleni the ends of the two telescopic rods, the second ends of which are rigidly connected to the ends of the flexible guide, which moves the carriage. Telescopic rods have clamps and brakes. Therefore, the irradiator equipped with a mounted for movement on the wire rods made telescopic and flexible guide, made for example of fiberglass and is secured at the ends of said rods.

The disadvantage of this design is the low efficiency of irradiation of animals because of the impossibility of creating a uniform irradiation due to the inability to create a symmetrical curvature of the guide, which moves the carriage feed.

It is known that animals have a symmetrical shape bodies on the vertical axis, so the guide, which moves the carriage must have a symmetrical curvature, and the lack of communication between the lateral telescopic rods is not possible to control the uniformity of their position relative to the axis of symmetry of the body of the animal. Therefore, the curvature of the flexible guide device prototype is arbitrary, and the animal will be irradiated evenly. Also the stiffness of the rope, which is attached a guide, it is not possible to change the height of the suspension feed and use the feed for different animal growth.

The objective of the invention is increased the e efficiency of irradiation of animals by ensuring the uniformity of irradiation.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that unlike the prototype, the irradiator comprising a housing with a gas discharge lamp and a carriage with rollers installed in the center of the carriage telescopic rod with a possibility of free movement on the lead rope to another rope with clamps attached to the ends of the telescopic rods, while the other ends of the rods are rigidly connected to the ends of the flexible guide provides equal armed levers and the telescopic arm to control the latter, enshrined in the places of articulation of the lever arms, with ground joint levers are the hinges, and two opposite end systems attached to the clamp telescopic rods to the cable.

On the second version of the technical result is achieved by the fact that the irradiator, comprising a housing with a gas discharge lamp and a carriage with rollers installed in the center of the carriage telescopic rod with a possibility of free movement on the lead rope, and the ends of the telescopic rods are rigidly connected to the ends of the flexible guide, though the irradiator equipped with a system of equal armed levers and the telescopic arm to control the latter, enshrined in the places of articulation of the lever arms, with ground joint levers are the hinges, and two opposing end of the fixed nanaimo mounting telescopic rods to the cable, which is made with possibility of vertical movement, the upper end of the lateral telescopic rods attached to the lead rope through the rings.

New in the first version of the developed device is that the irradiator equipped with a system of equal armed levers and the telescopic arm to control the latter, enshrined in the places of articulation of the lever arms, with ground joint levers installed the hinges, and two opposite end systems attached to the clamp telescopic rods to the rope.

New in the second version of the irradiator is that unlike the prototype, it has a system of equal armed levers and the telescopic arm to control the latter, enshrined in the places of articulation of the lever arms, with ground joint levers installed the hinges, and two opposite end systems attached to the clamp telescopic rods to the cable, which is made with possibility of vertical movement, the upper end of the lateral telescopic rods attached to the lead rope through the rings.

In Fig. 1 presents the irradiator, General view, Fig. 2 - lever system of Fig. 3 - irradiator in the work of Fig. 4, 5 variants of the irradiator.

The first option. The irradiator includes a housing 1 with a gas-discharge lamp (1) and the carriage 2 stolikami 3. In the center of the carriage 2 pivotally mounted telescopic rod 4 with a possibility of free movement on the lead wire 5. On another cable 13 by means of clamps 8 are secured the ends of the lateral telescopic rod 6, while the other ends of the rods 6 are rigidly connected to the ends of the flexible guide 7, which moves the carriage 2. In addition, the irradiator equipped with a system of equal armed lever 9 (Fig 1, 2) and a telescopic rod 10 to control the latter, enshrined in the places of junction 11 of the lever arms 9, with ground joint levers are hinges (not shown). Two opposite end system 12 mounted on the mounting clamps 8 lateral telescopic rods 6 to the cable 13.

The distance from the symmetry axis of the irradiated object is changed from l to l1. By controlling the extension and Vice versa telescopic rod 10 of the lever 9 will change its position and to push or move the telescopic side bars 6 and terminal 8 at the same time changing the curvature of the flexible guide 7.

The second variant of the irradiator shown in Fig. 4 and 5. This device includes a housing 1 with the discharge lamp and the carriage 2 with the rollers 3. In the center of the carriage 2 pivotally mounted telescopic rod 4 with a possibility of free movement on the lead wire 5, and the ends of the side telescopesystem 6 are rigidly connected to the ends of the flexible guide 7, which moves the carriage 2. The irradiator is also equipped with a system of equal armed levers 9 and a telescopic rod 10 to control the latter, enshrined in the places of junction 11 of the lever arms 9, with ground joint 11 installed the hinges, and two opposing end system 12 mounted on the clamp 8 telescopic rods 6 to the cable 13, which is made with possibility of vertical movement, the upper end of the lateral telescopic rod 6 is attached to the lead wire 5 with the rings 14.

So, the cable 13 is made movable so that they can move vertically due to the fact that the two lateral telescopic rod 6 provided with the opportunity to nominate their constituent sectors not only downwards, but also upwards vertically. The height of the suspension cable 13 is changed from the h2to h3(figure 4 and 5).

In addition, the platform 15, which is irradiated to the object 16, is arranged to move vertically and round (circumference) 360° using telescopic rod 17 (figure 5), provided with a drive (not shown), one end of which is mounted on the platform 15 and the other end is stationary. The height of the platform 15 is changed from h to h1.

Irradiators are as follows.

When applying to the exciter voltage case 1 (figure 3) with the lamp is in the upper position the Institute. Under the feed are animals of the same species of the same age group. The curvature of the flexible guide 7 is configured through the system of levers 9 under the form of these animals, the distance l from the axis of the irradiator to the edge of the flexible guide is provided by the system equal armed levers 9 installed in the joint 11 of the telescopic rod 10. When moving through the lead wire 5 of the carriage 2 telescopic rod 4 is resized depending on the curvature radius of bending of the guide 7. When irradiated animals other geometric dimensions is governed by the radius of curvature of the flexible guide 7 in a direction more or less through the system of levers 9 by adjusting the height of the telescopic extension rod 10, which rests at the junction of the shoulders 11 of the levers 9 and pushes the lateral telescopic rod 6 with clips 8. However, if you move one of the side bars 6 to the distance l1the other will move the same distance l1relative to the axis of the feed in the opposite direction.

In the second embodiment, when the height of the animal regulate the height h suspension feed on the object of irradiation by raising / lowering of the vertically movable cable 13 through the two lateral telescopic rod 6, is arranged to move in two opposite example is also by extension segments of rods for a certain length of h 3to h2.

For more uniform exposure of the animal irradiator equipped with a movable both vertically and circumferentially platform 15, which is irradiated object, through the nomination sectors telescopic rod 17 in a vertical plane from a height h to h1a rotation of the platform around the circumference (figure 5).

The proposed device has the advantages of a device prototype. Application of the system of levers mounted on the side rods, allows you to simplify the management irradiator using one rod installed in place of articulation of the lever arms by nominating for a certain length of its constituent sectors and at the same time to ensure uniformity of exposure of the animal, which will increase the efficiency of the irradiator. In addition, the height adjustment of the suspension of the irradiator and the height of the platform can be irradiated animals of different growth.

The device is used for irradiation of animals and can be easily implemented in agriculture.

1. The irradiator, comprising a housing with a gas discharge lamp and a carriage with rollers installed in the center of the carriage telescopic rod with a possibility of free movement on the lead rope to another rope with clamps attached to the ends of the telescopic rods, while the other ends of the rods USTC is connected to the ends of the flexible guide, characterized in that it has a system of equal armed levers and the telescopic arm to control the latter, enshrined in the places of articulation of the lever arms, with ground joint levers are the hinges, and two opposite end systems attached to the clamp telescopic rods to the rope.

2. The irradiator, comprising a housing with a gas discharge lamp and a carriage with rollers installed in the center of the carriage telescopic rod with a possibility of free movement on the lead rope, and the ends of the telescopic rods are rigidly connected to the ends of the flexible guide, characterized in that it has a system of equal armed levers and the telescopic arm to control the latter, enshrined in the places of articulation of the lever arms, with ground joint levers are the hinges, and two opposite end systems attached to the clamp telescopic rods to the cable, which is made with possibility of vertical movement, the upper end of the lateral telescopic rods attached to the leading rope with rings.



 

Same patents:

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