Navigation system and method of vehicle navigation for route control on complicated roads crossing

FIELD: procedure of traffic control of vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: the method consists in forming of the sequence of the junction and chord of the terminal on the basis of data of the route search, selection of the terminal junction and chord separation by comparison of the sequence of the junction and chord with the terminal map, reproduction of the data on route control on a complicated roads crossing with the use of the selected terminal junction and chord separation, coordination with the map and tracing of the route at driving on the basis of the reproduced data and submitting of the information on control of the traced route to the user. The vehicle navigation instrument for route control on a complicated roads crossing includes a means for forming of the sequence of the junction and chord of the terminal by comparison of the sequence and of the junction and chord with the terminal map, the means for reproduction of the data on route control on a complicated roads crossing with the use of the selected junction and chord, the means for coordination with the map and tracing of the route at driving on the basis of the reproduced data and submitting of the information on control of the traced route to the user. The vehicle navigation system includes a server for transmission of the required route data from the remote source of geographic information and information on road traffic, the means for obtaining of the required route data from the server, the means for obtaining of information on the present location of the vehicle from the GPS satellite, means for selection of information on vehicle driving with the use of the obtained information on location of the vehicle, means for memorizing and storage of the geographic information, means of route search for search of the geographic information stored in the memorizing means, and the control means for reproduction of the data on route control on a complicated roads crossing with the use of the route data obtained from the server and means of the route search, for realization and means of the route search, for realization of route control and submitting of information on route.

EFFECT: enhanced precision in route control by reconfiguration of the presentation of the complicated roads crossing that cannot be represented by one junction on a digital navigation map.

18 cl, 10 dwg

 

BACKGROUND of INVENTION

The technical field to which the invention relates.

[0001] the Present invention relates to a navigation system of the vehicle and, in particular, to a method for route guidance on the complex intersection of roads.

Prior art

[0002] the Navigation system of the vehicle is equipment, which calculates routes to guide the vehicle to the destination selected by the driver, and enables the driver control commands based on the current location of the vehicle and its direction of motion, resulting in the vehicle should be calculated route.

[0003] global satellite system positioning (GPS). from the Global Positioning System, note. books, recently used in the navigation system of the vehicle, is a satellite navigation system, originally developed by the Ministry of defence. Satellite navigation system receives the radio signal from three or four satellites, which includes the frequency of the spectral lines of an atom, calculates the distance to the satellite by the time of propagation of the received signal and determines the speed of the three - or two-dimensional measurement and dopple what's the effect of radio waves.

[0004] Initially, the navigation system was developed for military purposes. Then, given the wide use of private vehicles, navigation system began to transmit radio signals with the error in determining the distance from the satellites that allows it to civilian use.

[0005] Accordingly, the information used when the vehicle, such as the distance and the travel time of the route to destination, it has become possible to obtain when using the satellite signal by the GPS system.

[0006] According to the navigation system of the vehicle using a GPS when receiving a radio signal from the satellite directional GPS antenna installed outside of the vehicle, the GPS tuner displays information about latitude and longitude.

[0007] This information is processed in the Central processor together with the signal of rotation of the wheels and the data received from various sensors of the vehicle, and determine the estimated time of arrival, and the resulting value shows on the display.

[0008] a Typical navigation system vehicles are divided into based on the route search and route guidance. The scheme of the route search can be implemented in two ways. One way is to calculate the route on Board the vehicle using only geographic data and location information, stored on Board. Another way is to obtain information computed by the remote server by sending information about the location of the vehicle.

[0009] as regards the control circuit route, there are a method of sequential rotations to provide information about driving for the route and method of providing geographic information about the surrounding area together with the team on the route when driving.

[0010] According to the scheme of the route search method of obtaining information computed by the remote server through the transmitting location information of a vehicle, may include various information, such as information about traffic in real time for route selection. However, there is a limit defined by the fact that all information about the managed route depends on receiving data from the server. In addition, when using a method of obtaining information computed by the server by transferring the location information of the vehicle, by way of message to the driver information on the route can be used along with the specified information in the control circuit route because the vehicle has no information about the surrounding area on the route.

[0011] Typically, in standard the graphic displays the navigation system of the vehicle is used to visually display the map of the surrounding area and provide geographic information about the surrounding area, together with an indication of the route to search on the map in which information about the surrounding area display directly on the navigation digital map to the user to provide him information about the crossroads.

[0012] When sending information to the user about the intersection of the roads the way information computed by the server, and the means of communicating information on the route is limited by the fact that control when crossing roads should be carried out by controlling indications, since the above methods do not provide a map of the surrounding area.

[0013] At the same time, although time route guidance and control scheme in the normal way, should be clearly defined assessment criteria, to display the corresponding intersection on the screen to ensure the team driving, not cartographic information about the surrounding area.

[0014] figure 1 presents an exemplary view of a junction. As shown in figure 1, the intersection of the roads that the driver usually takes one intersection is a road network on the navigation digital map. Crossing roads are divided into two types. The first type is a simple single junction formed by one node, and the other is a complex crossroads of the broken off many nodes, although the driver and can be considered as one intersection. In this case, the complex intersection can be represented in different ways, depending on the network of passages inside the junction, geographical factors, types of additional neighboring road networks included in a real crossroads, etc.

[0015] Since the image of a single junction involves displaying a map of the surrounding area, there is no criterion for the evaluation of complex junction. Therefore additionally display only the icon of the team's rotation.

[0016] However, when using the successive turns is difficult to transmit information relating to driving, with the icon of rotation, because there is no other way, except for the display conditions of the neighbouring roads by mapping the intersection of roads.

[0017] figure 2 is a schematic representation of the image on the screen, which control the routes on the complex intersection of roads according to the existing prior art. As shown in figure 2, the scheme is complicated intersections of roads built so that it was applicable to format card, standardized to represent information about complex crossroads. However, in the case of use of an actual control, the standard formation of node real complex p is the intersection " roads not suitable to represent a single junction, since formed a wide area, not crossing roads with rotation, which is the purpose of control.

[0018] in Addition, complex intersection contains information about single location and cost data, due to the representation of superuse with one representative node, and also includes the internal road network as an attribute. In other words, superuser also used when searching for a route and manage as a single node. On the contrary, the navigation system of the vehicle, made by the scheme consecutive turns, based on the exchange of information, stores information about the sought path received from the server in the sequence of the type "node/chord", instead of the navigation digital maps stored on CD/DVD that contains a large amount of geographic information, and use it for route guidance. Therefore, there are difficulties with the selection of the desired route, which configure the shared node and notochord, and data for route guidance by dividing superose to apply to only view about the management route.

SUMMARY of the INVENTION

[0019] Accordingly, the present invention is directed to providing a navigation system for vehicles and method, which essentially solves one or more about the LEM, related to limitations and disadvantages of the known means.

[0020] the Aim of the present invention is to provide a navigation system of a vehicle and method of controlling the route with a higher precision by reconfiguration complex junction, which cannot be represented by a single node on the navigation digital map.

[0021] Additional advantages, objectives and features of the invention will be partially set forth in the description which is provided below, and in part will be understood by experts after studying the following or after the practical application of the present invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention can be implemented and achieved through the design highlighted in the description and claims and the attached drawings.

[0022] According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the navigation method of administration route of the vehicle on the complex intersection of roads includes the steps: forming a sequence of node and notochord according to the route search; site selection, separation and chord terminal by comparing the sequence of the node and notochord with the card terminal; data playback management route on the complex intersection of roads with the use of a dedicated node separation and chords is; engage in negotiation with a map and trace the route while driving on the basis of the reproduced data and provide the user with the received management information tracked route.

[0023] the playback Operation of the data management route includes the steps of: performing groupings using node splitting and notochord complex intersections of roads, and the formation of a schema are grouped in a complicated junction.

[0024] According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention the navigation device of the vehicle for route guidance on the complex intersection of roads includes: means forming a sequence of node and notochord on the basis of a route search; allocator node separation and chord terminal by comparing the sequence of the node and notochord with the card terminal; means the playback data management route on the complex intersection of roads with the use of a dedicated node separation and chords; the means of effecting coordination with the map and trace the route while driving on the basis of the reproduced data and means for providing user information management tracked route.

[0025] According to another preferred embodiment of this image is to be placed the navigation system of a vehicle includes: a server for transmitting the searched route data from a remote source of geographic information and the traffic information; means for obtaining the searched route data from the server; means for obtaining information about the current location of the vehicle from the GPS satellite; a means of highlighting information on the operation of the vehicle using the received location information of the vehicle; a means of storing for storing geographic information; search route to search for geographic information stored in the means of memorizing, and management tool for data playback management route on the complex intersection of road with route data received from the server, and the search of the route to operate a route and provide information about the route.

[0026] it is Necessary to understand that the foregoing General description and the following detailed description of the present invention are exemplary and explanatory and are intended to further explain the present invention in accordance with its formula.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

[0027] the Drawings attached to a clearer understanding of the essence of the present invention, and is included in this application, explain specific embodiments of the present invention and together with the present description, serve to explain the principles. The drawings on Asano the following:

[0028] figure 1 is an exemplary view of the junction;

[0029] figure 2 - schematic view of the screen control the routes on the complex intersection of roads in accordance with the prior art;

[0030] figure 3 - the navigation system of the vehicle for route guidance on the complex intersection of roads in accordance with the present invention;

[0031] figure 4 is a precedence diagram illustrating a navigation method of controlling a route of the vehicle on the complex intersection of roads in accordance with the present invention;

[0032] figure 5 is an exemplary diagram showing the application of the grouping complex junction according to the present invention;

[0033] figure 6 is a precedence diagram explaining the method of forming the schema complex junction according to the present invention;

[0034] figure 7 is a schematic examples of merging two adjacent chords for connecting chord complex junction according to the present invention;

[0035] on Fig is an exemplary diagram describing the configuration data complex junction according to the present invention;

[0036] figure 9 is an exemplary diagram adding a special attribute complex intersection according to the present invention; and

[0037] figure 10 is an exemplary diagram of vosproizvedeny the complex intersections of roads using data from a complex junction according to the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION of PREFERRED embodiments of the INVENTION

[0038] Next, the detailed description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0039] figure 3 schematically shows the structure of a navigation system of the vehicle for route guidance on the complex intersection of roads in accordance with the present invention. As shown in figure 3, the navigation system of a vehicle includes: a server 301 to transmit the searched route data from a remote source of geographic information and the traffic information; a unit receiving route 304 to obtain the desired route data from the server 301; GPS receiver 303 to obtain information about the current location of the vehicle from the GPS satellite 302; block allocation information driving 305 for selecting information for driving the vehicle using the received location information of the vehicle; a storage device 306 for storage of geographic information; the search block of route 307 to search for geographic information stored in storage device 306; and a control unit 308 for data playback management route on the complex intersection of roads using data obtained from the CoE is faith 301 and block the route search 307 for controlling the route and provide information about the route.

[0040] Next will be described a method of controlling a vehicle on the complex intersection of road with navigation system of the vehicle is performed, as described above. It is assumed that the quality and accuracy of navigation digital maps are within acceptable limits.

[0041] figure 4 shows the sequence of operations of a method of controlling the route of the vehicle on the complex intersection of roads in accordance with the present invention. As shown in figure 4, the sequence of the node and notochord form according to the route search (S401). Search data route can be obtained from the external server 301 or from the system itself, namely from the search box to route 307.

[0042] for Example, when using a data search of a route received from the server 301, the node and the chord can be formed by parsing the received data, the route search.

[0043] on the other hand, when using a data search of a route received from the search box to route 307, the sequence of the node and notochord can be obtained according to the result of the route search as such without any additional parsing process, since the aim of the search are the same node and notochord.

[0044] Next, a sequence of node and notochord compare with the card terminal to the node p is selenia and chord terminal (S402).

[0045] the Data for route guidance on the complex intersection of roads reproduce using the selected node separation, and a chord (S403).

[0046] In this case, the playback data for route guidance understand the reproduction data of the node and notochord complex junction. In other words, the playback data for route guidance means that the grouping is performed with the use of node separation and complex chord junction, and then form the scheme are grouped in a complicated junction.

[0047] First will be described a complex intersection of roads referred to in the present invention.

[0048] Typically, a complex intersection is directly perceived by the driver as one intersection. However, there may be many situations where the same intersection form multiple nodes in order to provide for the regulation of movement between the chords and the connectivity of the chords in the process of creating digital maps for navigation the navigation system of the vehicle. The intersection of the roads, having one or more nodes, is called a complex intersection. A typical example of a complex junction is the intersection of the roads in the form of a circle (i.e. radial crossing roads), including small inclined Congress for a right turn. At the same time, p is residenee roads, formed by three or more connecting chords in the same node is called a simple intersection.

[0049] Such a difficult crossroads can be allocated in the shared digital navigation map. At this point the main allocation method is to create such a navigation digital map on which the chord forming the intersection and not related to the real road network can have the same attribute. Since the present invention relates to a method used for evaluation of local junctions, it differs from the usual method of selection of the attribute of the Congress, which is formed by a set of branches from the main chord.

[0050] There are two ways to evaluate a complex junction through a process of grouping. One way is to assess complex junction through a process of grouping using the node separation, selected in step S402, and the other method consists in evaluating complex junction through a process of grouping using the chord selected in step S402.

[0051] the Method of evaluating a complex junction with the use of a dedicated host division includes the following operations: determining nodes configuring complex junction on the navigation digital map; grouping the selected nodes under the Oia attribute a particular type of crossing roads and evaluation of complex junction as network nodes, if there is connectivity between the grouped nodes. In this case, each node is a complex junction can be defined as having the same name in accordance with the attribute names of the intersecting roads. In addition, the corresponding name of the junction can be defined as unique within the national map.

[0052] on the other hand, the method of evaluating a complex junction using the selected chord includes the following operations: determining chords configuration complex junction on the navigation digital map; grouping the selected chords attribute of the chord within the junction and evaluation of the chord, which is not a chord inside the junction among the grouped chords as a connecting chord.

[0053] figure 5 presents an exemplary diagram showing the application of the grouping for a complex junction according to the present invention. Figure 5 clearly explains the application of the scheme complex junction, grouped according to the real configuration of the complex junction in accordance with the method of using the attribute of the chord within the junction according to the present invention. As can be seen from the drawing, the complex intersection formed by grouping so that you can ensure swathes the in relation to the same attribute of the neighboring chords.

[0054] When a complex crossroads formed by grouping node and notochord complex junction, formed as described above, configure in the process of simplification to make them applicable for launch on the screen to control the route.

[0055] figure 6 presents the sequence of operations of the method of formation of the complex schema junction according to the present invention. As shown in Fig.6, the center of the node configuration complex junction, highlighted by grouping, known as the centre of a complex junction (S601). In this case, the real scheme can be used as additional information because it does not depend on the position on the navigation digital map.

[0056] Next, the configuration node complex junction connected to the chord, which I think is a connecting chord complex junction index clockwise (or counterclockwise) direction just to the North towards the center of the complex junction (S602).

[0057] Distinguish the angle of connection of the chord adjacent to the continuation of the direction of the indexed node (S603). If the angle of connection is not included in the attribute navigation digital map, said angle can be calculated from the coordinate of the node, the coordinate of the source point of the circuit in n the Board from a host outside the complex intersection of roads and the scalar product of the vectors computed by a vector coordinate directions exactly to the North. In addition, the connection angle can be selected from the attribute data of the route search, which is obtained from the card terminal or from the server.

[0058] Next, the connecting chord complex junction unite, using the selected connection angle (S604). Examples of an integrated chords presented on Fig.7.

[0059] figure 7 schematically shows examples of merging two adjacent chords connecting chords complex junction according to the present invention. Usually, if there are two or more connecting chords complex junction related to indexed the next chord, there is greater opportunity to display the same on the road shown on the screen as geographic information. Therefore, as in the case of two one-way road (case 1), allowing movement in the opposite direction and running parallel as the dividing road with two-way traffic, if the traffic control along the chord exercise as the one-way traffic, and the difference between the angles of the joints of the chord is less than 5°, chords combine with an average angle, and form the diagram of the intersection with one-way traffic. In addition, as in the case with two road and (case 2), when the angle of the first point of the circuit is not located in parallel, and the angle of the second point is parallel, if there are two or more connecting chords complex junction related to the corresponding node, and when the difference of angle of the second connection point of the circuit on the continuation of the direction of the node is less than 5° even for different chord corresponding to the chord can be defined as the chord divided by the topology or the road network, and then merged.

[0060] on the other hand, in the case of two roads (case 3), when the angle of the first point of the circuit is in parallel, and continuing the line of direction after the second point of the circuit another, each chord is formed separately without any integration process.

[0061] Next, configure the configuration data is complex junction (S605).

[0062] On Fig shows an exemplary diagram of the formation of complex configuration data junction according to the present invention. As shown in Fig, if the difference between the angles connecting neighboring chords less than 5°, chords combine in a similar way according to the rule of indexing. In this case, the connectivity is applied to the input/output connecting chords complex junction is ensured even in the case where the chord unite at the angle of the chord and display it in the form of one road.

[0063] Next corporate is at a complex intersection add a special attribute junction (S606).

[0064] figure 9 shows a sample layout of adding a special attribute of the junction according to the present invention. As shown in Fig.9, in the case of the existence of the route with a P-shaped turn in the complex intersection of the roads, or if the corresponding complex intersection is the intersection with a circular detour on the classification of the names of the intersecting roads, the center of such a junction are in the form of a roundabout.

[0065] the Playback data with a complex intersection of roads completed by adding a special attribute junction.

[0066] figure 10 presents an exemplary diagram of the reproduction of complex junction using data from a complex junction according to the present invention. As shown in figure 10, the data is complex junction provided to the user can be recreated by configuring complex junction through a process of grouping and formation configured difficult crossroads.

[0067] the Data complex junction, obtained by the method of playing a complex junction according to the present invention, are created in accordance with figure 2 and previously include as an attribute in the navigation digital map.

[0068] Then, based on the reproduced data to the OS what effect the coordination of driving with the map and the route from the entry to the intersection of the road until the exit junction (S404). This estimate of the variance of the route by matching with the map and trace the route.

[0069] the Information management tracked the route provide the user with on-screen and voice. After the passage section of the route undertaken by the management of the image on the screen displayed to the user is returned to the display driving control route.

[0070] As described above, because the navigation system of a vehicle and method of administration route on the complex intersection of roads may have more precise control over the route by reconfiguration display complex junction, which cannot be represented by a single node on the navigation digital map.

[0071] For specialists in this field will be obvious that the present invention may be various modifications and changes. Thus, it is assumed that the present invention covers their modifications and changes provided that they are within the scope of the following claims and equivalent signs.

1. Navigation vehicle for route guidance on the complex intersection of roads, including the formation of a sequence of node and notochord on the basis of the route search, the selection of node separation and chord terminal by sravnenie the sequence of the node and notochord card terminal, the playback data management route on the complex intersection of roads with the use of a dedicated node separation and chord terminal, the implementation of the agreement with the card and the route when driving on the basis of the reproduced data, and providing the user information management tracked route.

2. A method of navigating a vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the search data route receive from the external server or the system itself.

3. A method of navigating a vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the playback data management route is carried out by the playback data of the node and notochord complex junction.

4. A method of navigating a vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the playback data management route includes the implementation of grouping using node splitting and notochord complex intersections of roads, and the formation of a schema are grouped in a complicated junction.

5. A method of navigating a vehicle according to claim 4, wherein the grouping includes the site definition configuration complex junction on the navigation digital map, grouping the selected node separation by attribute name specific junction and evaluation of complex per the section roads as the mesh network, if there is connectivity between the grouped nodes.

6. A method of navigating a vehicle according to claim 5, characterized in that each node is a complex junction has the same name.

7. A method of navigating a vehicle according to claim 4, characterized in that the grouping using the notochord complex junction includes the definition of a chord configuration complex junction on the navigation digital map, grouping the selected chord using attribute a certain chord inside junction and evaluation of the chord, which is not a chord inside the junction among the grouped chords as a connecting chord.

8. A method of navigating a vehicle according to claim 4, characterized in that the shaping circuits are grouped in a complicated junction includes indexing nodes are grouped in a complicated junction, the selection of the angle of connection of the chord associated with the direction of the indexed node, the Association connecting chords complex intersections of roads with the use of a dedicated connection angle and adding a special attribute junction to the United complicated intersection.

9. A method of navigating a vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the management information, the route is m provides on-screen and voice.

10. The navigation device of the vehicle for route guidance on the complex intersection of roads, including means forming a sequence of node and notochord according to the route search, the allocator node separation and chord terminal by comparing the sequence of the node and notochord card terminal, playback tool data management route on the complex intersection of roads with the use of a dedicated node separation and notochord, a means of effecting coordination with the map and trace the route when driving on the basis of the reproduced data and providing user information management tracked route.

11. The navigation device of the vehicle according to claim 10, characterized in that it is arranged to obtain data of the search route from the external server or the system itself.

12. The navigation device of the vehicle according to claim 10, characterized in that it is arranged to perform data playback management route by replaying the data node and notochord complex junction.

13. The navigation device of the vehicle according to claim 10, characterized in that the means of playback data management route includes a tool for grouping using node razdelenii notochord complex intersections of roads and means of forming circuits are grouped in a complicated junction.

14. The navigation device of the vehicle according to item 13, characterized in that the means for the implementation of grouping includes means for grouping the selected node is split using the attribute names of a particular junction and assessment tool complex junction as a mesh network providing connectivity between the grouped nodes.

15. The navigation device of the vehicle according to 14, wherein each node is a complex junction has the same name.

16. The navigation device of the vehicle according to item 13, characterized in that the means for the implementation of grouping includes means for grouping the selected chord using a specific attribute of the chord within the junction and assessment tool chord, which is not a chord inside the junction among the grouped chords as a connecting chord.

17. The navigation device of the vehicle according to item 13, wherein the means of forming circuits are grouped in a complicated junction includes a tool indexing nodes are grouped in a complicated junction, allocator angle of connection of the chord associated with the direction of the indexed node, the merge tool connecting chords complex plumage is of ECENA roads with dedicated corner of the joint and add a special attribute junction to the United complicated intersection.

18. The navigation system of a vehicle, comprising a server for transmitting the searched route data from a remote source geographic information and traffic information, get the searched route data from the server, the means of obtaining information about the current location of the vehicle from the GPS satellite, the allocator information for driving the vehicle using the received location information of the vehicle, the tool memory for storage of geographic information, the search route to search for geographic information stored in the means of memorizing, and management tool for data playback management route on the complex intersection of road with route data received from the server and search tools route, for the implementation of route guidance and information about the route.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: procedure of traffic control of vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: the method consists in forming of the sequence of the junction and chord of the terminal on the basis of data of the route search, selection of the terminal junction and chord separation by comparison of the sequence of the junction and chord with the terminal map, reproduction of the data on route control on a complicated roads crossing with the use of the selected terminal junction and chord separation, coordination with the map and tracing of the route at driving on the basis of the reproduced data and submitting of the information on control of the traced route to the user. The vehicle navigation instrument for route control on a complicated roads crossing includes a means for forming of the sequence of the junction and chord of the terminal by comparison of the sequence and of the junction and chord with the terminal map, the means for reproduction of the data on route control on a complicated roads crossing with the use of the selected junction and chord, the means for coordination with the map and tracing of the route at driving on the basis of the reproduced data and submitting of the information on control of the traced route to the user. The vehicle navigation system includes a server for transmission of the required route data from the remote source of geographic information and information on road traffic, the means for obtaining of the required route data from the server, the means for obtaining of information on the present location of the vehicle from the GPS satellite, means for selection of information on vehicle driving with the use of the obtained information on location of the vehicle, means for memorizing and storage of the geographic information, means of route search for search of the geographic information stored in the memorizing means, and the control means for reproduction of the data on route control on a complicated roads crossing with the use of the route data obtained from the server and means of the route search, for realization and means of the route search, for realization of route control and submitting of information on route.

EFFECT: enhanced precision in route control by reconfiguration of the presentation of the complicated roads crossing that cannot be represented by one junction on a digital navigation map.

18 cl, 10 dwg

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12 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: geographical zone of coverage with possible fixed route sections of present costs is combined with higher time-dependent costs. Hence, used of individual portable navigator can go on planning the route, in fact, to whatever location in this country, covered by stored map data base. Where possible, the user can take use of traffic data with time-dependent costs so that to allow for multivehicle pile-up influence with whatever time predictability by means of automatic background process. The user can simply move in direction proposed by navigator.

EFFECT: existence of time-dependent costs data on particular route section is determined before route computation algorithm decides on using particular data type available for all route section from modern digital data bases.

54 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: instrument making.

SUBSTANCE: new operations are introduced: analysis of terrain passability with the help of introduced coefficients, detection of type and tactical-technical characteristics of a vehicle designed for travelling on the terrain, detection of impassable zones of administrative and physical nature for the selected vehicle, exclusion of impassable zones from calculations, comparison of passability area with impassable zones. At the same time the route of off-road travelling is optimised on the basis of specified parameters and criteria.

EFFECT: reduction of time for plotting of an off-road route for a vehicle with account of minimised consumption of fuel and lubricants.

5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: first, at central station (CS) equipped with radio communication means, telecommunication means and computer, initial data on highway network conditions of related region and on meteorological conditions therein are loaded into said computer. At said CS, model digital map is compiled and transmitted to transport facility equipped with radio communication means, telecommunication means and navigation means. Transport facility transmits to CS the data on route and transport facility characteristics. Proceeding from data on route and those received from weather stations, road services, traffic control services and the like that influence traffic conditions, aforesaid model digital map and transport facility route are corrected with due allowance for minimisation of total costs of covering said route on distinguished section of highway network. Corrected route is transmitted to transport facility for it to be displayed.

EFFECT: higher accuracy.

8 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: instrument making.

SUBSTANCE: central processor (CP) sends information on average speeds of a vehicle together with a command requesting statistical information on traffic to a centre of information distribution. CP provides for generation of statistical information on traffic by range of vehicle speeds, which belongs to this range of vehicle speeds, for each secondary cell, in order to provide for searching of the main route to the destination. CP identifies the range of vehicle speeds for each type of a road from information on average vehicle speeds and the table of vehicle speeds range determination, selects statistical information on traffic for each type of a road.

EFFECT: expansion of functional capabilities.

4 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: procedure of traffic control of vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: the method consists in forming of the sequence of the junction and chord of the terminal on the basis of data of the route search, selection of the terminal junction and chord separation by comparison of the sequence of the junction and chord with the terminal map, reproduction of the data on route control on a complicated roads crossing with the use of the selected terminal junction and chord separation, coordination with the map and tracing of the route at driving on the basis of the reproduced data and submitting of the information on control of the traced route to the user. The vehicle navigation instrument for route control on a complicated roads crossing includes a means for forming of the sequence of the junction and chord of the terminal by comparison of the sequence and of the junction and chord with the terminal map, the means for reproduction of the data on route control on a complicated roads crossing with the use of the selected junction and chord, the means for coordination with the map and tracing of the route at driving on the basis of the reproduced data and submitting of the information on control of the traced route to the user. The vehicle navigation system includes a server for transmission of the required route data from the remote source of geographic information and information on road traffic, the means for obtaining of the required route data from the server, the means for obtaining of information on the present location of the vehicle from the GPS satellite, means for selection of information on vehicle driving with the use of the obtained information on location of the vehicle, means for memorizing and storage of the geographic information, means of route search for search of the geographic information stored in the memorizing means, and the control means for reproduction of the data on route control on a complicated roads crossing with the use of the route data obtained from the server and means of the route search, for realization and means of the route search, for realization of route control and submitting of information on route.

EFFECT: enhanced precision in route control by reconfiguration of the presentation of the complicated roads crossing that cannot be represented by one junction on a digital navigation map.

18 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: physics, measurement.

SUBSTANCE: device of information provision enables relevant confirmation of information content which facilitates movement of moving object and is represented by image display unit, even in conditions of vibration affecting image display unit at a level not lower than given value. Equipment includes image display unit mounted in vehicle and allowing display of information facilitating movement of vehicle, vibration sensor detecting vibration equal or exceeding specified level applied to image display unit, and transmitting detection output signal, and operation control unit modifying display mode for information presenting image display by image display unit into information including data content which can be recognised if detection output signal of vibration sensor indicates than image display unit is affected by vibration equal or exceeding specified level for time period longer or equal to specified period.

EFFECT: device of information provision enabling relevant confirmation of information content, facilitating movement of moving object.

8 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: destinations of a trip are based on at least one of a prior and a likelihood based at least in part on the received input data. The destination estimator component can use one or more of a personal destinations prior, time of day and day of week, a ground cover prior, driving efficiency associated with possible locations, and a trip time likelihood to probabilistically predict the destination. In addition, data gathered from a population about the likelihood of visiting previously unvisited locations and the spatial configuration of such locations may be used to enhance the predictions of destinations and routes. The group of inventions make easier probabilistic prediction of destinations.

EFFECT: output of distributions of probabilities on destinations and routes of a user from observations on content and partial trajectories.

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: geographical zone of coverage with possible fixed route sections of present costs is combined with higher time-dependent costs. Hence, used of individual portable navigator can go on planning the route, in fact, to whatever location in this country, covered by stored map data base. Where possible, the user can take use of traffic data with time-dependent costs so that to allow for multivehicle pile-up influence with whatever time predictability by means of automatic background process. The user can simply move in direction proposed by navigator.

EFFECT: existence of time-dependent costs data on particular route section is determined before route computation algorithm decides on using particular data type available for all route section from modern digital data bases.

54 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: central processor designed in the centre of information distribution receives information on vehicle from navigation facility together with command of request for request of information on transport traffic, such as current information on transport traffic. Then central processor establishes a category of roads, which serves as the target of distribution of traffic information, being based on one of two factors - distance and required time of motion from vehicle location to point of destination. Then central processor extracts information on transport traffic, which complies with established category of roads, and distributes it to navigation facility.

EFFECT: group of inventions makes it possible to maintain costs for communication at lower level, providing for distribution of sufficient amount of information on transport traffic.

8 cl, 26 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises a GLONASS/GPS receiver, which is connected to a central control system, at the same time the central control system comprises a power supply unit, a motherboard, arranged with the possibility to ensure interaction of all devices of emergency signals transfer - retransmitters, used in the system, by means of DECT basic station, and an expansion board, which is directly connected to the motherboard, and is arranged with the possibility to ensure serviceability of four basic DECT stations installed in two antenna modules.

EFFECT: increased safety of a passenger train operation in conditions of flexible formation of a passenger train by optimisation of safety and communication monitoring system technological units design, and by application of equipment that ensures univocal detection of a passenger train location.

8 cl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agricultural vehicles. The method of navigation of an agricultural vehicle, equipped with a device of creation of three-dimensional images and an image processing device comprises the steps when from the device of creation of images the shots of area surrounding the vehicle at different moments in time are received, providing a chronological sequence of shots. Further, according to the analysis of two different shots the position change of the vehicle is determined. By comparing the position change of the vehicle and the steering angle the drift angle of steer wheels is determined. The agricultural vehicle comprises a device of creation of three-dimensional images, a computer system with an image processing device, a GPS system sensor, an inertial measuring unit, a unit of measuring the angle of steering control, and a detecting device of the rotary speed of the wheels. There is also a computer-readable medium with a set of instructions for implementation of the method of navigation.

EFFECT: improved accuracy of navigation.

16 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: in the travelling vehicle positioning system, comprising a mobile communication device located in the vehicle cab according to the invention a road sign is installed complemented with a special information panel located on a base shared with it which is marked with QR-code that contains information on longitude and latitude of the place where the road sign is installed, and at least one reference to the "Traffic Rules", conforming to interpretation of the function of the traffic sign; a mobile communication device located in the vehicle cabin, designed as a smart phone equipped with a video camera and equipped with the special software that recognizes the QR-code.

EFFECT: alternative possibility of locating the vehicle and improvement of safety of its travel.

1 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a system and method for dispatching a plurality of vehicles and directing them to a plurality of destinations using constraining conditions or without them containing a software kernel that uses the bounded geographic regions (BGRs) and node pairs to optimize the dependent variables required by the user explicitly deviations depending on the standard and user-defined independent variables. The present invention stores the node pair data and can use the error function, feedback and ANOVA or MANOVA to create a highly convergent dispatch and navigation solution.

EFFECT: route optimisation.

15 cl, 13 dwg

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