Movable irrigation apparatus

FIELD: agricultural irrigation systems.

SUBSTANCE: irrigation apparatus has immovable support and pipeline sections supported by self-propelled supports for synchronous movement and connected with each other. Pipeline sections are provided with sprinkler units mounted by means of T-shaped inserts between pipeline sections. Sprinkler units have increasing flow rates and irrigation radii with increasing discrete values from immovable support toward terminal sprinkler unit. Each of sprinkler units is joined to free end of T-shaped insert through set of diaphragms. Diaphragms are adapted for continuous altering of water flow effective section. Diaphragms have identical construction. Each of diaphragms is provided with opening offset to its peripheral edge.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation, reduced irrigation erosion of soil owing to uniform distribution of precipitations and increased efficiency of movable irrigation apparatus.

2 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to agricultural irrigation systems.

Known mobile irrigation device, consisting of a number of interconnected pipe sections, each of which includes a pipe section supported by self-propelled support with the drive, and the free end, and the pipe sections are connected by flexible couplings located at the free end of one section and the pipe section, a support adjacent section, and the control device drives the pillars, placed at the ends of the pipe sections with supports and contains the switches connected via sensors to the actuators supports and perceiving the angular displacement of the pipe sections, in order to increase the linear displacement of the pipeline, the sensing element of each switch is made in the form of a cardan ring located at the junction of the two sections, and a flexible rod connected to the free end sections and through the hinge spacer with a gimbal ring, while the drive ring is connected to the sections by horizontal and vertical rocker arm, respectively, and the hinge spacer via the control lever is connected to the input switch (SU patent No. 1269731 A3, MCL4A 01 G 25/09. Mobile irrigation device / David Acikmese, William P. Zimmerer, Glen L. Andersen, Arthur Limiter (US). - Application No. 2834510/30-15; claimed 29.10.1979; on the UBL. 30.10.1978, bull. No. 41 // Opening. The invention 1986. No. 41).

The disadvantages described of the irrigation device, despite the coordinated movement of the pipe sections with sprinkler devices include low reliability and poor distribution of precipitation in the form of drops of rain on the irrigated area.

The closest analogue to the stated object is multisupport sprinkling machine circular steps, comprising a stationary support, a pipeline with a sprinkler apparatus, a supporting truck in which to improve the quality of irrigation and reduce irrigation soil erosion, water conveyance pipeline provided with a wing at the ends of which are sprinkling apparatus, the wing is set at an angle to the pipeline and executed in length, increasing towards the end of the pipeline; the wing are angled 65-75°to the axis of the water conveyance pipeline (SU inventor's certificate No. 1486109 A1, M CL.4A 01 G 25/09. Multisupport sprinkling machine circular actions / Oagile, Mstances, Way, Vigrex, V.g.vasiliev (USSR). Application No. 4303639/30-15; claimed 30.06.1987; publ. 15.06.1989; bull. No. 22 // Opening. Of the invention. - 1989. No. 22).

The disadvantages described sprinkler include low operational reliability and a high degree of irrigation AROS and soil.

The essence of the claimed invention.

Task to be solved by the claimed invention is directed, enhanced operational reliability.

The technical result is to improve the quality of irrigation and reduced irrigation soil erosion.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in the known mobile irrigation device, comprising a fixed support, a supported self-propelled supports synchronous them roaming and related sections of the pipes with sprinkler devices according to the invention sprinkling apparatus with the increasing costs and radii watering at the drops of rain with increasing discrete values posted by T-shaped inserts between sections of piping in the direction from the fixed bearing to the end of the sprinkler apparatus, with each sprinkler apparatus connected to the free end of the T-shaped insertion through a set of apertures, with the possibility of stepless change of the living section of the water flow.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

1 schematically shows a mobile irrigation device, type in the plan.

Figure 2 - cross section A-a in figure 1, a vertical section of the T-shaped insert mounted on the free end of the sprinkling apparatus and connected to the cavities of the sections of the pipelines is s through apertures.

Figure 3 - cross section B-B in figure 2, the position of the orifice at the free end of the T-shaped insert with a minimum living section of the flow of water.

Figure 4 - cross section b-B in figure 2, the same, in intermediate positions of the mating apertures.

Information confirming the possibility of implementing the claimed invention, is as follows.

Mobile irrigation device comprises a stationary support 1, supported by self-propelled mountings 2, synchronously them roaming and related sections of the pipes 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 with a sprinkling apparatus 8. Sprinkler apparatus 8 of the DD models with increasing costs (l/s) and radii watering at the drops of rain (m) with increasing discrete values (see table) posted by T-shaped inserts 9 between sections of piping 3-7 with growth parameters from the fixed bearing 1 to the end of the sprinkler apparatus 10 (see Fig 1).

Each sprinkler apparatus 8 is connected with the free end 11 of the T-shaped insert 9 by means of a set of diaphragms 12 and 13. Diaphragms 12 and 13 are identical in construction and have the possibility of stepless change of the living section of the water flow. Each aperture (12) 13 is provided with outlet 14, is shifted to its peripheral edge.

The diaphragm 12 and 13 have the mounting holes 15, through which they fixed on the flange 1 of the free end of the T-shaped insert 9.

Sprinkler apparatus 8 are watering as a circle, and by sector. Sprinkler apparatus 19 leads watering only on the sector, increasing the working width of the irrigation device.

Mobile irrigation device operates as follows.

When the supply of irrigation water from the closed irrigation network it is on a strut fixed bearing 1 comes in a supported self-propelled mountings 2 and synchronously movable actuator and interrelated sections 3-7. Water under pressure enters the T-shaped insert 9 and passing through the holes 14 of the diaphragm 12 and 13, is directed into the cavity of the sprinkler apparatus 8. The rotation of the barrel sprinkler apparatus 8 and the moving sections of piping 3-7 can cover a uniform layer of rain the surface of irrigated land. The diaphragm 12 and 13 allow the specified flow rate of irrigation water sprinkling apparatus 8 models YES-2, DD-15, DD-50 DD-80 installed with increasing water flow along the length of the pipeline. Each of the sprinkler apparatus 8 provides a uniform and high-quality irrigation within artouste. End sprinkler apparatus 10 operates in the mode of irrigation sector, and provides quality irrigation on the outer contour of the irrigated area in the form of a circle. The diaphragm 12 and 13 provide water to the cavity inserts 9 only the required quantity is quality, sufficient for sprinkling apparatus 8. Mobile irrigation device will ensure trouble-free operation and high operational reliability, and reduce irrigation-induced soil erosion due to uniform distribution of precipitation.

Technical characteristics of the sprinkler devices models DD
OptionsEd. MEAs.YES-2DD-15DD-30DD-50DD-80
Consumptionl/s11...205...1515...3038...5555...85
The water pressure in the pipe section in front of the apparatusMPa0,5...0,60,5...0,60,5...0,60,5...0,70,5...0,7
The radius of the irrigation5
extreme drops of rainm30...5035...5040...6044...707...80
The speed of rotation of the barrelmin-10,35 0,50...0,15 0,20...0,15 0,20...0,20,2
mm22; 25; 2816; 22; 2626; 30; 3432; 36; 4040; 46; 52
Character device-Irrigation circleWatering in a circle and sectorWatering in a circle and sectorWatering in a circle and sectorWatering in a circle and sector
Connection sizemmPipe ⊘90 flangePipe ⊘110 with special flangeThe flange on the pipe ⊘180Pipe ⊘133 with special flangeThe flange on the pipe ⊘180
Weightkg14,715,016,023,525,5

1. Mobile irrigation device, comprising a fixed support, a supported self-propelled supports synchronous them roaming and related sections of the pipes with sprinkler apparatus, characterized in that the sprinkler apparatus with the increasing costs and radii watering at the drops of rain with increasing discrete values posted by T-shaped inserts between sections of piping in the direction from the fixed bearing to the end of the sprinkler apparatus, with each sprinkler apt the rat is associated with a set of diaphragms, with the possibility of stepless change of the living section of the water flow in the T-shaped insert.

2. The device according to claim 1, wherein each aperture is provided with a hole, is shifted to its peripheral edge.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, mechanization by furrow irrigation.

SUBSTANCE: multiple-tower irrigation pipeline comprises water supply pipe connected by means of connection and attachment units through sliding member to irrigation sweeps. Each unit for connection to water supply pipe and mechanism for attachment of irrigation sweep thereon during displacement are made separate. Guiding tie-rod for holding of irrigation sweep on sliding member is positioned on irrigation sweep immediately adjacent to respective unit for connection to water supply pipe. Sliding member is made in the form of detachable ring positioned on yoke with flanges. For employment of irrigation pipe on finely contoured plots, where employment of energetic drive cart is not useful, its water supply pipe with carrier wheels and irrigation sweeps is divided into individual sections and equipped with quickly detachable connection, and is further equipped in its mid portion with rigidly fixed shaft for displacement thereof on manual variation of positions.

EFFECT: simplified construction, enhanced reliability in operation and wider operational capabilities in irrigation of finely contoured plots.

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FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.

SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.

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SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.

7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

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9 dwg

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Sprinkler unit // 2248118

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.

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4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.

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10 cl, 11 dwg

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EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.

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EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.

4 cl, 5 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2246209

FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.

SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has drive part with two pivotally fixed girder booms. Girder has central panel, columns, struts and sprinkler heads arranged on water-feeding belt. Drive part is provided with supporting table and rotary plate. Supporting table is mounted on vertical wall of rear axle of drive part above centrifugal pump. Rotary plate is mounted on supporting table for rotation around shaft, which pivotally connects said plate with supporting table, said plate and table being additionally mutually connected by hydraulic rotational drive. Girder central panel is fixed on rotary plate by means of vertical shaft. Central panel is additionally coupled to rotary plate by means of hydraulic drive of turning mechanism. In operating and transport positions, weight of girder is distributed over surface of supporting table. Mechanisms for rotating of rotary plate and turning of girder central panel simplify movement of girder from operating position to transport position and vice versa.

EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.

SUBSTANCE: wheeled pipeline is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheeled supports, drive arranged in mid portion of central section, and section coupling means. Pipeline sections have variable section reducing in direction of supplying of irrigation water. Each pipeline section coupling is made in the form of two concentric branch pipes positioned for rotation one with respect to another and for axial displacement. Outer branch pipe is connected with flanges of adjacent carrier members. Inner branch pipe is joined with ends of adjacent pipes of different sizes, said pipes being made from high-pressure polyethylene. Pipes are positioned in cavity of carrier member. Carrier member of each section is made in the form of pair of opposite bent C-shaped sections. Ends of C-shaped sections are joined to flanges. Mounting rings are positioned in mid portion of pairs and adapted for mounting of wheel support hub. Outer branch pipe of pipeline section coupling is made in the form of detachable pair of semi-circles, each being formed by packet of spacer bushings arranged in equally spaced relation between pair of arced belts. Inner branch pipe for connecting ends of pipes made from high-pressure polyethylene is made in the form of outer and inner threaded bushings, each provided with diametrically oriented slots for special wrench for joining with ends of pipes to be connected. Inner bushing has threaded part for screwing into end of pipe of smaller diameter. Ring is disposed on outer end perimeter of pipe of smaller diameter. Inner bushing has cylindrical part joined with inner cylindrical surface of pipe of larger diameter. Its conical part is joined with sawn-through parts at end of pipe of larger diameter. Inner surface of inner bushing is defined by two intersecting conical surfaces with single base of minimal diameter.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops over area under irrigation process owing to constant flow speed of irrigation water into pipeline cavities.

10 cl, 11 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2248118

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops through width of mobile unit, reduced material usage, simplified construction, and enhanced reliability in operation.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.

EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.

EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.

4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.

EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.

9 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.

7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.

SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.

4 dwg

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