Detergent for skin and hair
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to application of pectin solution as detergent for skin and hair in radioactive and environmentally hazardous regions. Pectin containing in solution due to chelating action bonds to heavy metal ions to form stable compounds (micelles) having very large size and prevents transferring thereof trough transdermal barrier. Formed micells may be easily removed from human body.
EFFECT: new detergent for skin and hair useful in radioactive and environmentally hazardous regions.
2 ex, 5 tbl
The invention relates to means for cleaning the skin and hair from pollution, in particular from ions of heavy metals and radionuclides.
Known detergent personal hygiene (patent RU 2174831 1, IPC And 61 To 7/8, 20.10.2001)that is used to clean the body, which contains a number of components that do not provide effective cleaning of the body from pollution, particularly in radioactively hazardous areas.
The closest in purpose to the proposed invention, which is selected as a prototype, there is a known decontamination shampoo (patent UA 39130 2, IPC G 21 F 9/12, bull. No. 5/2001, 15.06.2001)that is used as a cleanser for skin and hair and contains as components of lauryldimethylamine sodium, diethanolamides synthetic fatty acids, sodium alginate, and others, not excluding the transfer through the leather cover of the body of ions of heavy and radioactive metals.
Pectin extract, which is in accordance with the above description is used for a new purpose as a detergent, is obtained from pectin raw material.
Pectins are a macromolecular compound and close to hemicellulose - colloidal polysaccharides or glucooligosaccharides plants. The main part of the pectin molecules is D-galacturonic acid.
The most common raw material is La obtain a pectin extract is the juice of citrus and apples, the sugar beet pulp and pith baskets sunflower. From the extract by known methods get dry pectin in powder form. In turn, the solution of pectin can be obtained by dissolving the dry pectin, for example, in the water.
General physic-chemical properties of pectin - the ability to geleobrazovaniju in the aquatic environment and complexation with ions of polyvalent metals.
Known applications of pectin: in food, medicine and pharmaceutics, production and technological processes, in cosmetics (sources of information: Sapozhnikova EV Pectin and pectolytic enzymes, M., 1971; Karpovich, MS, Donchenko L.V., simkhovitch EG Production of pectin, chişinău, 1993).
The use of a solution of pectin (pectin extract) as a cleanser for skin and hair is based on compliance with personal hygiene and prevention of intoxications associated with the passage of salts of heavy metals and radionuclides through the skin and hair of the person when living or working in the environmental-contaminated or radioactive-hazardous areas.
Pectin, which is contained in solution by complexation binds heavy metal ions in stable macrosociety, the very large size of the micelles, resulting in the transfer through transge the normal barrier becomes impossible. The formed micelles are easily removed from the body and hair of a person.
The solution of pectin (pectin extract) with the aim of expanding the functions of detergent and more qualitative indicators can be used as a cleanser in conjunction with a variety of components in any proportions, which are used in well-known detergents.
Example. As a result of the Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and ore formation of NAS of Ukraine experimental studies kompleksoobrazovateleyj ability of pectin extract and pectin shower gel, it was found that Apple pectin extract has kompleksoobrazovateleyj capacity compared to heavy metal ions. Excretion of pectin extract in the course of the experiment relative to the administered dose of isotopes of cesium (Cs137) is 32.8%, compared to the administered dose of isotopes of strontium (Sr90) account for 50.2%, compared to the administered dose isotopes of cobalt (Co60) is 36.2%.
When using Apple pectin extract as a constituent of liquid detergent (gel "Sade"), it was found that the excretion of the pectin detergent in relation to the administered dose of isotopes of cesium (Cs137) is 40.2%, attributed the Yu to the administered dose of isotopes of strontium (Sr 90) is 55.9 percent, compared to the administered dose isotopes of cobalt (Co60) is 39.2%.
On the basis of the results of the research concluded on the feasibility and advisability of the use of pectin extract as a liquid cleaning agent or as a component such as a cleanser for skin and hair of persons whose professional activity is connected with the use of radioactive elements (atomic energy) and salts of heavy metals.
The use of a solution of pectin (pectin extract) as a cleanser for skin and hair in radioactively hazardous areas.
FIELD: processing of liquid radioactive wastes.
SUBSTANCE: the proposed method for cleaning of liquid radioactive wastes includes their processing with absorber-sorbent. Ash wastes are used as the absorber-sorbent. The ash wastes are introduced into liquid radioactive wastes in the stage of their neutralization at pH = 0.5-2 at the flow rate, ensuring the ratio of S : L = 1 : (15-50). Then the obtained suspension is separated into the liquid and solid phases.
EFFECT: increased degree of cleaning from radionuclides and enhanced separation rate of produced pulps.
4 cl, 1 tbl, 11 ex
FIELD: reactive sorbents.
SUBSTANCE: liquid is conditioned at pH 4-6 and then is brought into contact with chelating ion-exchange resin composed of grafted polyazocycloalkanes at temperature above or equal to 60°C.
EFFECT: enhanced metal removal efficiency.
35 ex, 9 dwg, 9 tbl, 5 ex
FIELD: recovery of liquid radioactive wastes.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes treatment of radioactive wastes by heavy-metal ferrocyanide and separation of sediment obtained. In the process liquid radioactive wastes are treated with heavy-metal ferrocyanide formed upon introduction of potassium ferrocyanide and bivalent nickel and/or copper and iron salts taken in amount abundant with respect to stoichiometric quantity. Clarified solution is treated with oxidant upon separation of sediment and filtered through catalytic material containing manganese dioxide. Then filtered-off solution is passed through highly acid cationite in Na-form and highly basic anionite in Cl-form.
EFFECT: enhanced decontamination quality.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 7 ex
FIELD: recovery of liquid radioactive wastes.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes bringing liquid radioactive wastes in contact with matrix saturated with selective ion-exchange material (solid extracting agent). Glass-crystal material with open porous structure is used as matrix for the purpose. Matrix material is produced from hollow glass-crystal cene spheres formed from mineral particles of volatile ash produced as result of black coal combustion and saturated with selective ion-exchange material.
EFFECT: facilitated procedure of radionuclide extraction.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with decreasing and/or blocking adhesion of pathogenic substances and organisms upon eucaryotic cells. The preparation suggested contains, at least, one carbohydrate at structural link of uronic acid at one of its ends. About 10 to 100% available terminal structural links of uronic acids of carbohydrates contain, moreover, a double bond which, in particular, is available between C4- and C5-atoms. The innovation broadens the number of antipathogenic means for eucaryotic cells.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
17 cl, 13 ex, 1 tbl
FIELD: veterinary science.
SUBSTANCE: the suggested composition contains a certain salt of calcium hypochlorite as an oxidizing agent and, additionally, zeolite as an adsorbent at the following ratio of components, weight%: a certain salt of calcium hypochlorite 30.0-70.0, zeolite - the rest. Application of the composition suggested provides neutralization of animal skin under any environmental conditions, both at plus and minus environmental temperature values.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of application.
6 ex, 1 tbl
FIELD: herb therapy.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises laboratory analysis of human body fluids, reveal of excess/deficit of macro and trace minerals followed by selection of appropriate drugs. In case of excess of macro and trace minerals, herb gatherings favoring neutralization and excretion of excess trace minerals and antagonists with maximum concentration of the latter are used. In case of deficit of macro and trace minerals in the human body, herb gatherings having elevated concentrations of such minerals and enhancing assimilation thereof with coefficients of biological accumulation above 1.0 are used. Herb gatherings are administered thrice a day 15-30 min before meal in the form of aqueous extract prepared in the basis of 10-30 g of dry vegetable stock per 150-300 ml water. Administration of herb gathering is combined with administration of vitamins activating biological transformation of antagonists or deficient macro or trace minerals in human body.
EFFECT: normalized trans mineral homeostasis due to high bioavailability and assimilability of developed herb complexes.
7 cl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying traditional treatment and additionally administering 2 ml of 1% emoxipin solution electrophoresis to epigastric zone at acute stage end daily during 10 days.
EFFECT: accelerated inflammation relief and uterine mucous membrane recovery.
FIELD: medicine, veterinary science.
SUBSTANCE: it is suggested to apply indometophen known previously as a radioprotector. It has been established that application of indometophen at different terms within the first 4 d after irradiation helps to increase survival rate and affect positively the flow of reparative processes in the body at no side effects.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with obtaining biologically active substances of protein nature out of cereals, moreover it is necessary to isolate a stress separating protein 310 and/or protein being immunochemically similar to that as coarse and/or finely purified extract of the target product. For this purpose one should destruct cellular walls of 3-7-d-aged sprouts due to homogenization to isolate cell-free extract due to centrifuging which should be supplemented with a reagent-precipitator at the first stage under certain conditions to obtain residue followed by isolating a liquid phase which should be subjected to the second of impact with reagent-precipitator under certain conditions, then residue should be separated against a liquid phase due to centrifuging, and an obtained coarsely purified extract of target product should be separated against reagent-precipitator due to dialysis due to the impact of fine purification by gel filtration, if necessary. Moreover, one should conduct this procedure at certain temperature mode, and , if necessary, the extract of target product should be freeze dried. The suggested biologically active substance provides efficient regulation of body energy balance.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
8 cl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention proposes use of polysorb as drug with membrane-stabilizing efficacy supplementing early known antioxidant and sorption properties of this substance.
EFFECT: enabled use of polysorb for monotherapy to treat a large number of diseases.
FIELD: prophylactic medicine.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with curative-prophylactic composition including soybean phospholipid complex being 40-88%, where the content of phosphatidyl choline corresponds to 40-80%, and one or several dry extracts of medicinal plants containing substances of phenolic origin, and their weight ratio to phospholipid complex varies within 1:8 to 1:2, and, also, a dietary biologically active additive based upon the above-mentioned composition.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
6 cl, 2 ex, 6 tbl
FIELD: pharmaceutical industry.
SUBSTANCE: employment of title compounds is based on their ability of inhibiting NF-κB activation cascade. Invention provides compositions with these acids to treat patients suffering from diseases caused by formation of NF-κB.
EFFECT: expanded therapeutical possibilities.
6 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with cyclosporin-containing and practically oil-free compositions being of immunosuppressive action. The composition contains a hydrophilic surface-active substance, a lipophilic component, a lipophilic surface-active substance and ethanol. As a hydrophilic surface-active substance this composition contains ether of fatty acid and polyoxyethylene sorbitane and product of either natural or hydrogenised castor oil and ethylenoxide; as a lipophilic component and lipophilic surface-active substance it contains ether of fatty acid and sorbitane. The suggested composition has been designed as a gelatinous capsule with solid covering. The present innovation solves the problem dealing with stability of galena compositions with cyclosporin: at treating with water the composition develops practically stable microemulsion.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of application.
11 cl, 2 ex
FIELD: cosmetic industry, in particular deodorant and/or antiperspirant composition.
SUBSTANCE: stable deodorant and/or antiperspirant composition represents suspension essentially free from residue. Said composition is obtained by incorporation of a) cross-linked polymer, cyclomethycone (and) dimethycone from polysiloxane, containing group and α,ω-diene of formula CH2=CH(CH2)хCH=CH2, wherein cross-linked polymer has viscosity from 5000 to 3000000 cPs, and cyclomethycone contains preferably 8-18 % of non-volatile substances; b) polyethylene beads with density of 0.91-0.98 g/cm3 and particle size of 5-40 mum; c) volatile silicone; d) softening agent (or mixture of two or more softening agents) which may include non-volatile silicone and additional amount of volatile silicone; and e) effective substance with antiperspirant activity in amount sufficient to provide deodorant and/or antiperspirant composition activity. Composition of present invention reduces body perspiration by at least 40 %, essentially free from white residue.
EFFECT: deodorant and/or antiperspirant composition of improved efficiency and stability.
10 cl, 5 tbl, 24 ex