Dental explorer

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: dental explorer comprises rod, which is provided with the handle at one of its ends and operating tip at the other end and has additional tip. The additional tip is mounted on the rod parallel to the axis of the operating tip for permitting detachment so that to provide the distance between the tips to be no less than the thickness of the wall of periodontal pocket. The free ends of the tips are leveled.

EFFECT: enhanced precision and enhanced efficiency of treatment.

9 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to medicine and can be used for diagnosis and/or treatment of periodontal disease in dentistry.

The condition of periodontal tissues inside pocket and outside determines the clinical picture of the disease, the possibility of forecasting and the choice of treatment methods.

For the study of periodontal pockets, measuring its depth, detection of exudates and ulcerations, as well as treatment usually use a dental probe, which is a rod with a handle on one end and a working tip on the other [Encyclopedic dictionary of medical terms. M, Medicine, 2001, 314].

Known dental probe, which contains a rod, a handle and a transparent portion introduced into the periodontal pocket. The probe performed a longitudinal channel into which enter the thread, move forward and backward. Thread move up until it will not be visible in the area of the gingival margin [U.S. Patent No. 4708647 And 61 With 3/00, 1987].

The disadvantage of this tool is the inconvenience of its use for measuring the depth of the pocket, as in the periodontal pocket is inserted sufficiently thick tip that is not possible reproducibly to fix the bottom of the pocket and to determine its depth.

The closest to the invention is a dental probe for measuring the value of the depth of periodontal pockets in the form of a rod with a handle and a curved, graduated tip [U.S. Patent No. 5423677, And 61 With 19/04, 1995].

However, the known probe is not possible to obtain reproducible readings when measuring the depth of periodontal pockets, which limits its functionality in the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases.

The purpose of this invention is to improve the accuracy and clarity of diagnosis of the depth of periodontal pockets and treatment of periodontal diseases.

This objective is achieved in that in the dental probe containing a rod having at one end a handle and the other functional tip, the distinguishing feature is that dental probe is provided with an additional tip, removable mounted on the rod parallel to the longitudinal axis of the functional tip on the distance between the lugs is not less than the thickness of the gingival wall of the periodontal pocket, while the free ends of the lugs are located on the same level.

Functional tip may be made straight or curved, angled or part of it may be made in the form of a sickle.

Functional tip can be made detachable.

Functional handpiece and/or the handle may be made integral whole with the stem.

The core of the dental handpiece can be connected to the handle Rethimno.

Rod dentists the definition of the tip may have a ridge at a distance of not less than thickness of wall of the periodontal pocket with the opportunity to establish more of a tip.

An additional tip may be made with deviation from the direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the functional tip.

Additional tip may be mounted on the rod can be rotated around the longitudinal axis of the rod and fixing in position.

Surface, at least one of the lugs may have a calibration scale.

In the dental probe can be performed longitudinal channel passing through the functional tip, rod and handle dental probe.

This invention allows to extend the functionality in the diagnosis and/or treatment of periodontal tissue in the periodontal pocket by providing accurate and reproducible determination of the outer part of the gum corresponding to a certain depth of periodontal pockets and full depth to allow accurate processing of the required outdoor area of the gums, as well as diagnostic capabilities of the pocket by the appearance of the corresponding outer part of the surface.

The need for determining the condition of the outer surface of the gingival tissue at the level of the particular depth of the investigated pocket is relevant. Comparing the degree of infestation of the inner and outer surface of the gingival TC is neither the same depth of periodontal pockets, get the opportunity to more accurately diagnose and predict the course of the disease, especially when using these studies in the dynamics. Locking the desired depth of the pocket can be precisely positioned outside the line of excision of gum when operating its removal. The claimed invention also helps to determine the necessary scope of the impact of those or other drugs or physiotherapy on the outer surface of the gums periodontal pocket.

Dental probe (Figure 1) includes a rod (1), which is connected at one end with a handle (2), and the other end of the functional insert (3) and equipped with an additional tip (4), removable mounted on the rod (1), and an additional tip (4) is thus to provide the location of its longitudinal axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of the functional insert (3). The distance between the lugs (3) and (4) in a parallel arrangement selected is not less than the thickness of the gingival wall of the periodontal pocket, while the free ends of the two lugs (3) and (4) are located on one level. Since the maximum value of the thickness of the gingival wall of the periodontal pocket does not exceed 4 mm, and the distance between the lugs (3) and (4) choose typically about 4-8 mm In length for more on what Oneonta (4) is chosen such to ensure that the location of both ends of the lugs on one level. In other words, both ends of the lugs (3) and (4) must be located on the same plane perpendicular to their longitudinal axes.

If necessary, the immediate holding additional pressures on the external surface of the gums when placing the probe in the gingival pocket an additional tip (4) can be installed in such a way as to ensure the location of its longitudinal axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of the functional insert (3) and to have the possibility of deviation from the direction parallel to the axis of the functional insert (3) to the desired angle.

An additional tip (4) may be made in the form of a ruler and is mounted so that the plane surface of the ruler at the location of the functional insert (3) in a periodontal pocket is parallel to the side surface of the gums with obespecheniya possible deviations additional tip (4) from the axis of the functional insert (3) to the desired angle.

On the surface, at least one tip, the functional (3) or (4)may be performed calibration scale (5) to determine the numerical values of the depth of periodontal pockets. This calibration scale (5)along with the risks may include numerical values, for example, in millimeters, and may be made from portions of different colors, which will also determine the numerical values of depth, because each color to match a certain value in millimeters.

Functional tip (3) and/or the handle (2) can be executed at the same time together with the rod (1).

An additional tip (4) can be mounted on the rod (1) can be rotated around the longitudinal axis of the rod and fixing in position.

The connection rod (1) with a handle (2) can be made detachable. This may be necessary in the case when this requires extra tip (4).

The probe can be performed longitudinal channel (6), passing through the functional handpiece (3), the rod (1) and the handle (2) probe to enable direct and treatment by filing a medicinal product on the channel (6) in the periodontal pocket, or b) necessary physiotherapy impact on the internal surface of the pocket, or (C) a diagnostic study of the inner surface of the periodontal pocket by connecting a diagnostic tool, located at the end of the functional insert (3), (6) with sensor-defined parameter.

As the designated parameter can be, and the depth of the periodontal is a high pocket and the level of acidity in your pocket, and the condition of the surface of the fabric in the pocket. In physiotherapeutic effect can be used in the connection system of the source of exposure (UV, laser, ultrasound, and others) along the channel (6) with the end of the functional insert (3). When applying medicines directly into the periodontal pocket the free end of the functional insert (3) through a system of connections passing through the channel of the probe (6)can be connected to the vessel containing the necessary medication.

For processing the received data for a diagnostic study of tissues of the periodontal pocket probe can be connected to the computer.

Both tip (3) and (4), as with all surgical instruments are made of material suitable for reuse after sterilization, except when using single tools.

The present invention relates to dental probes for various purposes, and the purpose is mainly determined by the structural performance of functional tip (3) and the internal cavity of the probe, as well as the necessary hardware design and connection of the end of the probe opposite to the functional tip (3).

1 shows a General view of the dental probe 1 - core, 2 - handle, 3 - functionallyequivalent, 4 - an additional tip, 5 - calibration scale, 6 - channel, 7 - collet clamp mounting functional tip, 8 - process on the rod, 9 - coupler mounting additional tip, 10 - seat detachable connection of the rod and the handle.

Also figure 1 presents different types of dental probe:

a) functional tip 3 is made at the same time together with terminal 1 and the terminal 1 is made straight without bending, in this case, the additional fastening of the tip 4 can be carried out on a specially made the bone 8 as straight and knee-shaped. Any additional tip 4 is made a knee-shaped, as shown in figure 1,and. Calibration scale (5) for this case is made for extra tip (4). Inside dental probe is channel 6.

b) functional tip 3 is bent at an angle, is made detachable and connected to the rod 1 by means of a collet mechanism 7. Calibration scale 5 may be implemented as a functional tip 3, and 4. The handle 2 and the rod 1 for this case are connected Rethimno, where 10 is the location of the split connection.

in functional tip 3 is connected to the rod 1 by means of a collet mechanism 7. An additional tip 4 is mounted in a specially made of Wyborcza terminal. For extra tip for this formed a mounting sleeve 9.

d) functional tip 3 is connected to the rod 1 by means of a collet mechanism 7, with an additional tip 4 is mounted on the rod 1 in Appendix 8. On the functional tip 3 and additional tip 4 is made of the calibration scale 5. The handle 2 and the rod 1 for this case are connected Rethimno, where 10 is the location of the split connection.

d) functional tip 3 made integral whole with the stem 1 and has an angle bend. The rod 1 in the portion close to the location of the functional handpiece has a process 8 for mounting additional tip 4. The handle 2 and the rod 1 for this case are connected Rethimno, where 10 is the location of the split connection. Calibration scale 5 is made for extra tip 4.

All of these embodiments of the dental probe does not limit the amount, described by the independent claim. The form of execution, the place of attachment of the constructive parts of the dental probe can be different and is determined by its functional purpose.

Figure 2 shows some forms of implementing the universal functional tips that can be used according to the invention. Functional tips could the t to be performed: a) in the form of a pin; b) may have a calibration scale; C) can have on the end of a comb; g) can have an internal cavity.

Figure 3 shows some form of additional tips according to the invention, which can be attached to the rod 1 in a specially made sample. For this purpose, one end an additional tip 4 do the clutch 9 for mounting in the sample (a, b, d). Additional tips can be fastened with a thread or using a collet mechanism 7 (b, d) in Appendix 8.

As already mentioned, the functional handpiece can be done at the same time with the rod, and may be secured to the stem end (opposite the handle) with the use of fixation devices. The predominant type of attachment is in the form of a collet clamp, which is made in the form of a hollow removable threaded parts with through slots along the axis of the rod with the formation of petals and has a compression tool petals around the perimeter of the rod, made in the form of a hollow threaded cap mounted for movement in response to the thread. However, it can be used for screw fastening, for which at the end of the rod and on the functional tip of the thread. Similarly, it can be completed with the connection of the handle with the rod.

For mounting additional tip can also be used the Ana different techniques. Optimal execution in the core of the sample, which is mounted and fixed coupler, made at the end of the additional tip. However, the possible uses of the screw and collet mounting on the additional branch from the main axis of the rod. For this purpose, the core performs branch - process, which may be straight or knee-shaped.

In the manufacture of dental probe the sizes of the functional tip is chosen the same as in the known constructions of conditions for the introduction of the free end of the functional tip in the periodontal pocket to its full depth. Additional tip should be of length not less than 12 mm (which corresponds to the maximum possible depth of periodontal pockets) and must be from the functional handpiece at a distance, determine the probable thickness of the gums, usually equal to 4-8 mm, This distance can be done and bómore depending on the functional purpose of the probe. In addition, when the additional probe tip can be made with the possibility of deviation from the axis, then its mounting, for example on an additional branch from the terminal performed through a hinge mechanism or other known method.

The probe operates as follows.

For diagnosis or treatment of periodontal tissues is the corresponding probe with the corresponding functional tip 3. So, to measure the depth of periodontal pockets can be used to probe the functional tip 3 in the form of a pin with a calibration scale 5 or performed by any known construction for this purpose. With the introduction of the functional handpiece 3 in the periodontal pocket full depth determines the depth of the periodontal pocket by the corresponding mark on the calibration scale 5. Additional tip 4 with high accuracy shows the outer gum section corresponding to the full depth of the pocket. You can also determine the state of the outside of the gums at any desired depth of periodontal pockets.

When using therapeutic probe, which has a through channel 6 for the introduction of drugs, similar to the functional tip 3 enter the full depth of periodontal pockets, and an additional tip 4 with high precision indicates the corresponding outer area of the gums.

The data obtained are highly reproducible and can be used for more accurate diagnosis and the ability to predict the course of the disease, especially when using these studies in the dynamics. Locking think the needful depth of the pocket it is possible to accurately set the outer line of excision of gum when operating its removal. The claimed invention also helps to determine the necessary scope of the impact of those or other drugs or physiotherapy on a certain area of the outer surface of the gums and periodontal pockets. Thus, depending on the functional purpose of the dental probe it can be used in the treatment, physiotherapeutic effects, diagnostic study tissue periodontal pocket. For this functional dental handpiece probe injected into the periodontal pocket to the desired depth or full depth of the pocket. With high accuracy and reproducibility define an area on the outer side of the gum corresponding to the depth of the pocket on the level of the end of the additional tip. In the specified area may be subject to local medical and operational impact.

1. Dental probe containing a rod having at one end a handle and at the other end of the functional handpiece, wherein the dental probe is provided with an additional tip, removable mounted on the rod parallel to the longitudinal axis of the functional tip on the distance between what onecycle not less than the thickness of the gingival wall of the periodontal pocket, moreover, the free ends of the lugs are located on the same level.

2. Dental probe according to claim 1, characterized in that the functional tip is made straight, or bent at an angle, or part of it is made in the form of a sickle.

3. Dental probe according to claim 1, characterized in that the functional tip is made with a detachable rod.

4. Dental probe according to claim 1, characterized in that the functional handpiece and/or handle made in one piece with the core.

5. Dental probe according to claim 1, characterized in that the rod connected to the handle Rethimno.

6. Dental probe according to claim 1, characterized in that the rod has a process at least the thickness of the wall of the periodontal pocket can be mounted on it an additional tip.

7. Dental probe according to claim 1, characterized in that an additional tip is made with the possibility of deviation from the direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the functional tip.

8. Dental probe according to claim 1, characterized in that an additional tip is installed on the rod can be rotated around the rod and fixing in position.

9. Dental probe according to claim 1, characterized in that on the surface, at least one of the lugs is made of the calibration scale.



 

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