Energy conversion method

FIELD: energy conversion into heat by liquid parameter change, particularly to obtain heat used in raw hydrocarbon gathering, preparation and refining, in chemistry and oil chemistry, to heat hydrogen-containing liquid polluted with mechanical injuries, salt and gels.

SUBSTANCE: method involves creating vortex flow of cavitating liquid by utilizing liquid pressure and providing following linear liquid flow; providing cavitating liquid flow rotation at speed which provides creation of central and peripheral areas in which positive and negative ions of dissociated liquid molecules are accumulated during cavitation thereof. The negative ions are gathered in peripheral area under the action of centrifugal force. Positive ions having lesser mass are accumulated in central area of liquid flow. This results in obtaining potential difference between central and peripheral areas of liquid flow.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of liquid flow energy conversion into heat along with electric power obtaining.

3 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to methods of energy conversion by changing parameters of the fluid such as pressure, volume, density, etc. in thermal energy and can be used in all industries. The predominant use of the supply of heat energy systems for the collection, preparation and processing of hydrocarbon raw materials, and production of chemical and petrochemical industries, in particular for heating a hydrogen-containing liquids (water, hydrocarbons, etc. contaminated by mechanical impurities, salts, gels, etc.

There is a method of conversion of potential energy - energy flow-pressure hydrogen-containing fluid into another form of energy - heat energy, through cavitation (RF patent No. 2131094, IPC6F 25 29/00), including heating of the liquid by changing the cavitation parameters in continuous flow, such as pressure, volume, density, etc., the supply of thermal energy to the consumer.

The disadvantage of this method is low efficiency. It is due to a small concentration in the liquid flow stream of cavitation bubbles, by means of which the pressure energy is converted into heat energy. Another disadvantage of this method is the inability to convert the energy of the pressure fluid into another form of energy in addition to thermal energy.

Sustenpass energy conversion pressure hydrogen-containing fluid, which partially resolves the above drawbacks (RF patent No. 2153131, IPC7F 24 N 1/00, F 24 D 3/00, prototype). The method includes creating a vortex flow as the fluid by use of pressure, followed by giving fluid linear motion. The specified technique allows to increase the concentration of cavitation bubbles in the flow, leading to increased release of thermal energy.

However, the achieved increase heat slightly and, in addition, in this way it is impossible to obtain another form of energy - electricity.

The invention solves the problem of more efficient energy conversion fluid pressure into heat energy and the extension of functionality by obtaining in addition to thermal electric power.

To achieve the technical result in the way of energy conversion pressure hydrogen-containing fluid into thermal energy, which includes the creation of a vortex flow as the fluid by use of pressure, followed by giving fluid linear motion, organize the rotation speed of the cavitating flow of fluid, after which the positively and negatively charged ions dissociated molecules of the liquid by cavitation, form a Central and a peripheral region, where p is D. the action of centrifugal force are concentrated in the peripheral region of massive negative ions, dissociatively of the molecules of the liquid by cavitation, and in the Central region is positively charged ions of smaller mass, thereby providing an electric potential difference between the regions.

In the received electric field provide additional dissociation of the molecules of the liquid in the flow, as weakened cohesion of the liquid. When weak intermolecular linkages are reduced viscosity and surface tension. This reduces the energy spent on cavitational gap of the liquid, and the increase in the number of cavitation bubbles occur that, as a consequence, increases the output of thermal energy that is solved the task in a more efficient conversion of the energy of the pressure fluid into thermal energy.

Increase the potential difference between the ionized peripheral and Central areas of the cavitating fluid flow by imposing an electromagnetic field.

Ions are produced from the hydrogen-containing dielectric fluid.

The speed of flow of the cavitating fluid set by the maximum value of the voltage(or electric current.

Diversion of electric energy in the form of electric current from the liquid allows you to extend the functionality of this method, by far the first use of this energy.

The imposition of a magnetic field on the ionized region increases the electric potential difference and electric current, which, consequently, increases the output of heat and electricity.

The production of ions from the hydrogen-containing fluid, which is dielectric, it can also improve the value of electric potential difference and, consequently, to increase the amount of thermal and electrical energy.

The determination of the optimum rotation speed of the cavitating flow of liquid to the maximum voltage value and(or) electric current achieves the greatest potential difference, and, consequently, allows to increase the amount of thermal and electrical energy.

The authors and the applicant of the current level of technology is not aware of the ways in which the task could be achieved in this way.

1 schematically shows a device for implementing the proposed method.

Figure 2. - section a-a in figure 1.

The device (1) for the implementation of the method of energy conversion includes a housing 1 with a tangential inlet 2 for the fluid, the outlet 3 and the electrodes 4 and 5.

The method is as follows.

A liquid stream is fed into the housing 1 of the device (1, 2) through a tangential inlet 2 to create in case eddy currents p the current fluid, in the volume which cavitation occurs in the form of steam bubbles 6 (figure 1).

Vortex flow cavitating liquid impart rotational-translational motion 7 (1), wherein the magnitude of the tangential velocity exceeds the axial velocity. Moreover, the tangential velocity has a value at which the centrifugal force created from ions of the molecules of the liquid, dissociated by cavitation, the electrode 5 ionised Central 8 (figure 1) and the inner wall of the casing 1 ionised peripheral region 9. Under the action of centrifugal force in the peripheral region 9 concentrate massive ions having the same charge, such as a negative. In the Central area 8 concentrate ions of smaller mass with opposite charge. Get thereby between these areas of electric potential difference. Using the obtained potential difference, away from the electrodes 4 and 5 energy in the form of electric current from the fluid flow. Then the liquid impart linear movement to and absorbed through the outlet 3.

Electric energy in the vortex flow of the fluid additionally dissociate into ions molecules of the liquid.

On the ionized region 8 and 9 impose a magnetic field of 10 permanent magnet 11. The action of this field due to electromagnetic induction increase the differential is the electric potential and electric current.

Ions can be produced from hydrogen-containing fluid, which is a dielectric, such as kerosene, diethylene glycol, etc.

The proposed method can improve the efficiency of energy conversion of fluid pressure into thermal energy up to 90% and to extend the functionality by obtaining in addition to thermal and electrical energy of the order of 6%.

Example.

The flow of water under pressure 5·105PA serves tangentially (input 2 in figure 1, 2) with the optimal speed of 30 m/s, and create it with eddy current, in the volume which cavitation occurs in the form of steam bubbles 6.

Vortex flow cavitating liquid impart rotational-translational motion 7, in which the magnitude of the tangential velocity (30 m/s) exceeds the axial velocity (2 m/s). Moreover, the tangential velocity has a value at which the centrifugal force created from ions H+and HE-water molecules dissociated by cavitation, ionized Central region 8 of the electrode 5 and the peripheral region 9 and the inner wall of the housing 1. Under the action of centrifugal force in the peripheral region 9 concentrate massive ions of HE-having a negative charge. In the Central region 8 concentrate the ions H+the lighter weight with the opposite charge. Paul is anxious, thus, between these areas, the electric potential difference of 0.5 C. Using the obtained potential difference, away from the fluid flow through the electrodes 4 and 5 energy in the form of an electric current value of 0.25 mA. Then, the liquid impart linear movement to and absorbed through the pipe drain 3.

Electric energy in the swirl additionally increase dissolu molecules of the liquid at ions H+and HE-.

On the ionized region 8 and 9 impose a magnetic field of 10, for example, a permanent magnet 11, which by means of electromagnetic induction increase the electric potential difference to 0.8 V and the electric current of 0.7 mA.

The speed of flow of the cavitating fluid set by the maximum voltage value and (or) electric current, measured at the electrodes 4 and 5.

Ions can be produced from hydrogen-containing fluid, which is a dielectric, such as kerosene, diethylene glycol, etc.

The proposed method can improve the efficiency of energy conversion of fluid pressure into thermal energy up to 90% and to extend the functionality by obtaining in addition to thermal and electrical energy of the order of 6%.

1. The way of energy conversion pressure hydrogen-containing fluid, vklyuchayuschimisya the cavitating vortex flow of the fluid through the use of its pressure and subsequently making fluid linear motion, characterized in that organize the rotation speed of the cavitating flow of fluid, after which the positively and negatively charged ions dissociated molecules of the liquid by cavitation form a Central and a peripheral region where the centrifugal forces are concentrated in the peripheral region of massive negative ions, and in the Central region is positively charged ions of smaller mass, thereby providing an electric potential difference between the regions.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that to increase the potential difference between ionized peripheral and Central areas of the cavitating fluid flow by imposing a magnetic field.

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the ions are produced from the hydrogen-containing dielectric fluid.

4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the speed of flow of the cavitating fluid set by the maximum value of the voltage (or electric current.



 

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