Installation for decentralized system of local gas infrared heating

FIELD: the invention refers to installations of local gas infrared heating of stock and poultry buildings.

SUBSTANCE: the installation for decentralized system of local infrared heating has a « light» gas infrared burner with a reflector and a conical muzzle, a single mainline, a heat exchanger. The upper base of the reflector of the burner is connected through a socket conducting products of combustion with the input of the «hot» channel of the heat exchanger which is fulfilled countercurrent and air-gas and the output of the «hot» channel is connected with environment, the «cold» channel of the heat exchanger at the input is connected with environment and at the output - with air of the agricultural building and through the single main line, the regulation valve, the input socket of a dosing quantity of gas into the pipe-mixture - with the injector connected with the conical muzzle of the infrared burner.

EFFECT: allows to create microclimate in stock and poultry buildings due to installation of a decentralized system of gas local infrared heating.

 

The invention relates to a device local gas infrared heating livestock and poultry premises.

The famous "light" gas burner infrared radiation ceramic nozzle (Aiyagari, Dashdot, Maiewski. Gas burner infrared radiation and their application. The publishing house construction. M: 1967. - 254 p; Catalogue of industrial products. Zapsibgazprom - 2000), carrying out the heating of industrial premises. Infrared burners with ceramic nozzle provide uniform heating of the irradiated surface.

With the introduction of livestock and poultry gas radiant burners for organizing a local gas heating main problems are:

- pollution agricultural premises combustion products;

- the use of ventilation as an energy source of electrical energy and heating medium hot water, which requires the need for a Central boiler for hot water;

- forced ventilation, as a rule, for a uniform distribution of fresh air in the agricultural premises (standard size agricultural premises: 96 m long and 18 m wide), has a greater length of the ducts, the initial cross-section up to 800 mm, nah the way in a hostile environment, which leads to rapid corrosion and failure;

- reliability of existing systems, ventilation and heating (per section agricultural premises) depends on the reliability of supply fans and exhaust systems, water heaters, direct and inverse pipes supplying hot water heaters. The failure of even a single blower fan or heater reduces regulatory air at least 20%;

-the conversion of agricultural areas on the system of local gas infrared heater eliminates heat loss by 40% of the heat from a Central boiler.

The closest analogue is the "air-Gas system of the infrared burner for agricultural areas" (Patent application 2002105361 from 1.03.02,).

The task of the invention is the arrangement of the climate in livestock and poultry premises with the installation of the decentralized system of local gas infrared heating.

Installation for the decentralized system of local IR heating, characterized in that the upper base of the reflector light gas infrared burner through pipe exhaust combustion products connected to the input of the hot channel heat exchanger, which is made counterflow and gas, and the output of the "hot" channel associated with the environment, "Ho is adny" channel heat exchanger inlet connected with the environment, and the output from the air environment of farm buildings and through a single line, a regulating valve, a pipe entering a metered amount of gas in the tube-mixer - injector connected with a conical nozzle infrared burner.

The installation shown in the drawing. The installation consists of "light" gas infrared burner 1, including a reflector 2, a conical nozzles 3, the common line 4 and valve gas flow 5, the nozzle 6, the tube-mixer 7, the injector 8. The base of the reflector 9 is connected by a pipe 10, which is the entrance to the hot channel heat exchanger 11 to exhaust combustion products. The heat exchanger 11 is supplied by a pipe 12, is fixed in the tube plate 13 and 14, interconnected by a ring 15. Through the tube 16 and the adjusting valve 17 clean air in the pipe 18, the pipe-mixer 7 is supplied to the injector 8. From the injector 8, the gas mixture is fed to the conical nozzle 3 "light" gas infrared burner 1. The amount of the mixture of gas with air in the injector 8 valve 5 is regulated system 19 by changing the gas flow rate on the signal of the remote sensor 20. The sensor 22 installed in the high temperature combustion zone of the conical nozzle 3 at the termination of the burning blocks the gas supply and turns off the fan 26. Due to the vacuum created by the fan 21, connected to the CSOs to the duct 24, above the channel slurry under perforated floor 25, which are animals or birds, the air is discharged from agricultural areas in the environment 23. Clean fresh air from the environment 23 is supplied to a fan 26 through the valve 27 to the input of the "cold" channel 28 of the heat exchanger 11. The feed is preheated in the heat exchanger 11 clean air in agricultural premises carried out via the "cold" channel 29. Remove the cooled products of combustion from the heat exchanger 11 is carried out in the environment 23 via the "hot" channel 30.

Installation for a decentralized system of microclimate works as follows. The burner 1, the fan 26 and 21. In the system 19 is set allowable temperature for the animals, controlled by temperature sensor 20. The burner 1 is installed at a height level of the heat flux valid for the animal. Combustion gas-air mixture in the radiant burner conical radiation source 3, is made of perforated high-temperature stainless steel, located inside the optimum reflector 2 having geometrical dimensions, in which its share of the emission maximum, the combustion products are fully go into the pipe 10, which is the entrance to the hot channel heat is obmennik 11, in which the heat transfer occurs through the walls of the copper tubing from the hot air moving in a natural way beyond agricultural areas, to supply "cold" air blowing fan 26 to the input of the "cold" channel 28 of the heat exchanger 11. Heated incoming air comes in agricultural premises through the exit "cold" channel 29 of the heat exchanger 11. For the gas-air mixture production part of the supply air, warmed and rich in oxygen from the shell 15 through the tube 16, the valve flow 17 is fed into the tube-mixer 7, which creates negative pressure due to injection through the injector 8 and the needle valve 6 connected to the system 19, the control valve gas flow 5 "light" gas infrared burner 1 and an electric fan 26 on signals from the sensor 22 and the remote sensor 20 that controls the room temperature and control through the valve of the gas flow 5 volume entering the burner 1 gas. Heated incoming air comes in agricultural premises through the exit "cold" channel 28 of the heat exchanger 11 and due to the vacuum created by an exhaust fan 21, which removes the exhaust air from the agricultural areas through the slotted floor 25 and the duct located above the channel 24 of manure removal, outside is agricultural purpos the business premises.

Installation for the decentralized system of local infrared heating, containing "light" gas infrared burner with reflector and a tapered nozzle, single line, a heat exchanger, characterized in that the upper base of the reflector burner through pipe exhaust combustion products connected with the input of the hot channel heat exchanger, which is made counterflow and gas, and the output of the "hot" channel associated with the environment, cold channel heat exchanger inlet connected with the environment, and the output from the air environment of farm buildings and through a single line, a regulating valve, a pipe entering a metered amount of gas in tube-mixer - injector connected with a conical nozzle infrared burner.



 

Same patents:

Radiation pipe // 2260746

FIELD: indirect heating of heat-treatment furnaces.

SUBSTANCE: proposed radiation pipe includes recuperative and burner branches; burner branch has passages for delivery of air and separation of gas into primary and secondary air by means of system of coaxial pipes; pipe is also provided with smoke discharge branch pipe which is fitted with damper and is connected with central pipe of burner by means of recirculating bypass. Recirculating bypass is provided with adjusting unit.

EFFECT: reduced emission of Nox at stable burning of flame.

1 dwg

FIELD: radiant (infra-red) heating in decentralized heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes heating with infra-red radiant flux from tubular radiators blown with hot heat-transfer agent. System consists of separate modules; first module (in way of flow) is equipped with working burner whose thermal power is sufficient for heating the surface of beginning of tubular radiator to temperature of 500-550 C; each subsequent module, but for the last one is equipped with compensating burner whose thermal power is sufficient for restoration of temperature of surface at the beginning of compensating module to 500-550 C. Thermal power of each subsequent compensating module is lesser than that of previous one by 5-15%. Diameter of each subsequent compensating module exceeds diameter of previous one; compensating modules have similar thermal power. Last compensating module is not equipped with burner; temperature of exhaust flue gases is reduced to temperature exceeding the temperature of beginning of water steam condensation. Modules are interconnected by tight joints.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency; maximum utilization factor.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: gas radiant heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed gas infra-red radiator includes radiation tube with burner fitted at its one end; this burner is provided with gas and air supply passages; secured at other end is fan; radiator is also provided with cavity bounding the area inside which radiation tube is located; it consists of reflector and shield connected with it by means of bottom; one end of said cavity may take air from surrounding medium; cavity is connected with passage feeding air to burner. Bottom of cavity has holes located smoothly over entire length.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

2 cl, 2 dwg

The invention relates to a device infrared heating livestock and poultry premises

The invention relates to techniques for gas heating, industrial and other non-residential premises

The invention relates to power engineering, mainly to heat technology, and can be used to obtain infrared radiation in a predetermined wavelength range

The invention relates to devices for indirect heating of heat-treatment furnaces, filled with special protective atmosphere

The invention relates to the field of technology for burning gaseous fuel, namely the radiation gas heaters, in particular to radiation gas burners used in technology and in everyday life

Stub radiation pipe // 2202737
The invention relates to devices for indirect heating of the metal in the furnaces of the machine-building and metallurgical industries

The invention relates to a power system and can be used in metallurgy, engineering, construction, etc

Emitter for animals // 2261593

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: emitter has illumination fittings incorporating infrared radiation source and ultraviolet lamp. Ultraviolet emitter is formed as ring, within the cavity of which round-symmetric infrared radiation source is located. Infrared radiation source is equipped with hood having half-moon shaped channels and is positioned for displacement along vertical axis by means of bimetallic plates. Bimetallic plates are arranged above each of said channels and are immovably secured with their one end to case and with their other end to hood outer surface. Emitter case is made in the form of hemi-sphere with round base.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in irradiating of animals.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method is based upon detection of non-healthy animals inside area of heating and forming of control signal. Preset threshold signal informing on absence of animal inside area of heating is formed. Then additional signal is formed which corresponds to moment of time at which animal leaves area of heating. Period of time is calculated inside which all the animals leave area of heating and when that period of time is over, the control signal is compared with preset one. Control signal informing on presence of animals inside area of heating is formed according to the result of comparison. The control signal is used for signaling on presence of non-healthy animal inside area of heating. Device has area of heating provided with brooder house, animal presence detector, power supply and relay. Output of power supply is connected with first power input of relay. Device also has signal lamp, first amplifier, first comparison circuit, first preset device, time counter, pulse former, first and second differentiating circuits, first controlled switch, second comparison circuit, second preset device, second controlled switch. Output of animal presence detector is connected with first inputs of first comparison circuit and first controlled switch through first amplifier. Output of controlled switch is connected to first input of second comparison circuit which has second input connected with output of second preset device. Output of second comparison circuit is connected to connection point of output of relay and output of second controlled switch. First input of controlled switch is connected with output of power supply. Output of first comparison circuit is connected with second control input of second controlled switch and with first input of time counted through first differentiating circuit. Output of time counter is connected with second control input of first control switch through pulse former and with null second input of time counter through second differentiating circuit. Output of relay is connected with signal lamp.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of information supply on presence of non-healthy animals inside area of heating.

3 cl

FIELD: ball-shaped toy for dog.

SUBSTANCE: device has ball provided with at least one elongated grip indirectly connected to ball by means of intermediate embracing member arranged around ball or directly connected to ball so as to define continuation to outer casing of ball, to inner casing of ball or to member inserted between outer and inner casings. Such arrangement provides for resilient engagement between grip and ball and constant returning of grip to its radial position relative to ball center. Grip prevents ball from being bitten by dog during playing with it.

EFFECT: increased entertaining effect and provision for preventing ball from damage.

18 cl, 5 dwg

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in industrial livestock and poultry

The invention relates to the feeding of farm animals, in particular to methods of control and power supply growing pigs, and can be used at the experimental stations or large pig farms

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in poultry and livestock in General convective and local heating infrared heaters

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used to control General and local heating when the outdoor poultry and farm animals heaters, consisting of radiant and convective heat sources

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to devices of growing lambs in the winter and early spring lambing

FIELD: ball-shaped toy for dog.

SUBSTANCE: device has ball provided with at least one elongated grip indirectly connected to ball by means of intermediate embracing member arranged around ball or directly connected to ball so as to define continuation to outer casing of ball, to inner casing of ball or to member inserted between outer and inner casings. Such arrangement provides for resilient engagement between grip and ball and constant returning of grip to its radial position relative to ball center. Grip prevents ball from being bitten by dog during playing with it.

EFFECT: increased entertaining effect and provision for preventing ball from damage.

18 cl, 5 dwg

Up!