Enclosure panel

FIELD: enclosure structures, particularly wall panels and floor panels.

SUBSTANCE: enclosure panel comprises metal wall and reinforcement frame connected to the metal wall in multiple points. Reinforcement frame comprises at least two longitudinal rods extending the full panel length and arranged in panel corners from inner side thereof, as well as joints. Each joint is formed of at least four short rods. The joints are spaced equal distances one from another along panel length. The first short rod of the joint is arranged in central panel area transversely to longitudinal rods and has length approximately equal to panel width. The second and the third short rods are located in adjacent planes transversal to panel plane and inclined to each other. The second and the third short rods are welded to points of intersection thereof and each of the second and the third short rods is connected with the first short rod and longitudinal rods. The forth short rod is located in plane perpendicular to panel plane and extending through longitudinal axis thereof at 45° to panel plane. The forth rod is welded to the first short rod and to intersection point of the second and the third short rods.

EFFECT: increased breaking-in resistance, bullet performance along with reduced thickness and decreased metal consumption.

11 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to protective structures and can be used as wall panels, panels and gender in the construction of storerooms values and operating cash desks.

The main problem when creating panels for the construction of various stores values (also called power panel is the creation of a design which, at a given resistance to burglary would be versatile enough for the construction of the various parts of the protected premises and thus would have a low consumption of materials, including metal. The prior art various panels, in which the gain or increase the bearing capacity is achieved by applying different spatial reinforcement cages.

Known spatial framework, including carved out of solid tape longitudinal rods V-shaped section lying in two planes at a specified distance and interconnected through a certain period deflected by the inclined rods (EN 2063502, IPC E 04 3/08, 10.07.1996). Panel fencing, reinforced frame, the described construction, will have a low resistance to cracking, so as reinforcing elements made of ribbon (strip) easy pererabotka a jackhammer in the form of the scapula.

Known construction panel containing spaced with one it is part of the longitudinal and transverse ribs, forming caissons, steel mesh, curved rods in the body of the ribs and along the outer ends of the ribs of the reinforcing rods, with curved rods made in the form of spirals (EN 2062845, IPC E 04 2/06, 27.06.1996). To use this framework in the power panels should be equipped with the two sides of the metal walls, and use of high-strength concrete. In addition, this framework is technologically difficult and without the connection of the frame members by welding will not oppose hacking, because this only works in concrete, and after his removal in the process of hacking sites valve can be easily removed.

Also known construction panel, which can be used as a wall panel or floor beams containing longitudinal and transverse reinforcing elements, and part of the longitudinal reinforcing elements made of channel and provided with holes through which are passed at different levels of the transverse reinforcing elements made of bars of rectangular cross section (EN 2041327, IPC E 04 2/00, 09.08.1995). This panel has enhanced strength as a reinforcing elements, take up bending moments as normal and inclined sections. However, this design does not contain reinforcing elements arranged at an angle to the plane of the panel that the most is it preferable to combat hacking. Even the strengthening of this design through the installation of metal wall slightly increase its resistance to cracking, because the metal wall in this case can be welded only along the channels (longitudinal joints), and this connection can be easily overcome by hacking or easily cut.

The closest analogue of the present invention is a power panel that includes a metal wall and a reinforcing frame made in the form of the spatial grid is filled with concrete and attached at multiple points to the inner surface of the metal wall (EN 94008163, IPC E 05 G 1/024, 20.11.1995). Compared with the above analogues of this design has better resistance to cracking. However, if there is one metal that is installed outside of the protected premises, at the completion of hacking occur large vikoli concrete inside or in the insulating material. In addition, no part of this spatial reinforcing cage is not located at an angle to the plane of the panel, and horizontally and vertically spaced frame elements are easily overcome when hacking, because after Mykola concrete they can be easily removed or cut around the perimeter. The slight increase in class resistance to burglary of such panels is possible by increasing their thickness, but this n is preferably as it leads to increased material consumption and, consequently, the weight of the panels, but with significant mass, in turn, complicated the installation of panels.

The technical task of the present invention is to increase class resistance to burglary panels fencing for the storage of valuables and cash at decrease their thickness and the decrease of metal.

The problem is solved in panel fencing, including metal wall and the reinforcing frame associated with the metal wall at multiple points, which according to the invention the reinforcing frame includes at least two longitudinal rod passing through the entire length of the panel and placed in the corners of the panel from the inside, and nodes formed by each of the four short rods and placed along the length of the panel with a constant pitch, and the first short rod located in the Central zone of the panel transversely of the longitudinal rods, and its length is approximately equal to the width of the panel, the second and third short rods are located in the adjacent perpendicular panel plane planes at an angle to each other and connected by welding between the intersection point and each of the first short rod and the longitudinal rods, the fourth short rod is located in a plane perpendicular to the plane of the panel and passing is via its longitudinal axis at an angle of 45° to the plane of the panel, and is connected by welding with the first short rod and the point of intersection of these second and third short rods, with the metal wall are connected by welding to the ends of the second, third and fourth short rods.

The metal wall can be moved relative to the body panel by 15-25 mm

The panel can be equipped with a second metal wall.

The panel may contain additional four embedded element, made from a corner and placed along the edges of the panel and connected by welding with the second wall and ends of the second and third short rods are located at the corners.

Embedded elements, made from a corner, placed along the edges in the corners of the panel or two elements placed along the edges of the end faces of the panel, and two along the ribs in the Central part of the panel.

In the case of the use of the panel as the panel overlap it contains three longitudinal rod, and a third longitudinal rod passes through the entire length of the panel in the Central zone and is connected by welding with the first short rods nodes. The preferred location of the third longitudinal reinforcing rod frame below the first short-terminal node (transverse rod), closer to the outer side of the panel.

If the length of the PA is eaten is 1-1,5 m, it contains six elements of the mortgage, made of the area, four of which are located along edges in the corners of the panel, and two in the Central part opposite each other. If the panel length exceeds 1.5 m, the panel contains eight elements of the mortgage, made of the area, four of which are located along edges in the corners of the panel, and four placed in its Central part in pairs. In both cases, the embedded elements connected by welding to the ends of the second and third short rods located in the areas of placement of embedded items.

The nodes of the reinforcement cage, formed of short rods placed along the length of the panel in increments S=125-150 mm

Depending on class resistance to burglary panel has a different thickness at rest unchanged dimensions: class I - 40 mm; class II - 50 mm; class III - 60 mm; class IV - 80 mm; class V - 100 mm; class VI - 120 mm; (VII class -160 mm

Panel fencing of this design can be used as wall panels, panels and floor with minor differences one panel from the other. So if there are two longitudinal rods and a metal wall panel can be used as a floor panel of the room. The panel containing one metal wall, three longitudinal rod and embedded elements, placed in the angle is x and in the Central part of the panel, can be used as the panel overlap. The panel containing two metal walls, two longitudinal rod and embedded elements of the area, placed at its ends and in the middle, used as a wall panel. Wall panel has a desired class resistance to cracking when the concrete class B60-B80. When using a concrete class B80-V, the second metal wall to wall panels can not be installed. The presence in the construction of a spatial frame that contains the nodes of the short rods, some of which is at an angle to the plane of the panel, and they are rigidly connected with the longitudinal elements and a metal wall or walls, greatly increases the stability of a class to crack. To overcome such elements, the attacker will be forced to frequently change tool: for example, a jackhammer on acetylene torch and Vice versa, to cut the angled reinforcement elements between which stuck breaker tool for gouging the concrete. In addition to increased resistance to burglary panels of this construction have increased bulletproof, which extends the range of application, for example, such panels can be used as fence panels cash sites and other similar areas.

The invention disclosed in the examples it is konkretnej implementation with reference to the accompanying drawings, which shows the following :

Figure 1 - panel fencing, made according to the present invention, a front view, the concrete is not shown.

Figure 2 - the same, lateral view.

Figure 3 - panel fencing with two metal walls and packing elements in the form of corners, two of which are placed in the center panel, and two on its ends.

Figure 4 - the same, top view.

5 - panel fencing, with three longitudinal element and the elements of the mortgage in the form of area, front view.

6 is the same, top view.

Fig.7 - the same, lateral view.

The panel (1, 2) includes a metallic wall 1 and the armature frame associated with the metallic wall 1 in many points. Reinforcement cage contains at least two longitudinal rod 2 passing through the entire length of the panel and placed in the corners of the panel from the inside, and nodes 3, formed each of the four short rods 4, 5, 6, 7, and placed along the length of the 1-panel with fixed step S. the First short rod 4 is located in the Central area of the panel transversely of the longitudinal rods 2, and its length is approximately equal to the width and panel. The second 5 and third 6 short rods are located in the adjacent perpendicular to the plane of the panel planes at an angle α to each other and connected by welding between a point of intersection of 8 and each of the first short rod 4 and the longitudinal erased is, gives 2. The fourth short rod 7 is located in a plane perpendicular to the panel plane passing through its longitudinal axis at an angle β=45° to the plane of the panel and is connected by welding with the first short rod 4 and the point 8 of the intersection of these 5 second and third 6 short rods.

Metal wall 1 is connected by welding to the ends of the second 5, third 6 and fourth 7 short rods. The panel can be equipped with a second metal wall 9, as shown in figure 3.

The panel may contain additional four or more embedded element 10, made from a corner and placed along the edges of the panel and connected by welding with the second wall 9 and the second ends 5 and 6 third short rods are located at the corners 10.

Mortgage elements 10 made of area, can be placed along edges, in corners and in the Central part of the panel, as shown in figure 5, or two elements 10 are placed along the edges of the end faces of the panel, and two along the ribs in the Central part of the panel, as shown in figure 3, 4.

The panel can contain three longitudinal rod and the third rod 11 passes through the entire length of the panel in the Central zone and is connected by welding with the first short rods 4 nodes.

If the length L of the panel is 1-1,5 m, it contains six salamyhkaiselta 10, made of the area, four of which are located along edges in the corners of the panel, and two in the Central part opposite each other. If the length L of the panel exceeds 1.5 m, the panel contains eight elements of the mortgage 10, made of the area, four of which are located along edges in the corners of the panel, and four placed in its Central part in pairs (not shown).

Nodes 3 reinforcing cage is placed on the length of the panel in increments S=125-150 mm

Panels are manufactured as follows.

To get the panel to the floor a short rods 4, 5, 6, 7 were combined in the node 3 by welding. Nodes 3 distributed along the length L of the panel in increments S=150 mm and welded to the longitudinal rods 2. Installed the metal wall 1 and the ends of short rods 5, 6 and 7 welded thereto. The received frame is filled with concrete class B80.

Wall panels and the floor slabs are manufactured similarly.

If the panel contains embedded elements 10 from the area, they are welded to the ends of the next short rods. The second metal wall 9 is welded to the mortgage elements 10.

The optimal dimensions of the panels were determined experimentally and were as follows: length L=300-2500 mm, width a=200-300 mm, thickness b=40-160 mm (depending on class resistance to burglary), the spacing of the nodes S=120-150 mm Length of insert elements 10 of the area depends on the widths of the beams, on which you are installing the floor panel, and is 100-200 mm

The panel, made in accordance with the present invention have been tested for resistance to cracking in accordance with GOST R 50862-96 and GOST R 51113-97. Tests confirmed that the panel thickness 40 mm corresponds to the I-class resistance to burglary, 50 mm class II, 60 mm - III class, 80 mm class IV, 100 mm - V class, 120 mm - VI class and 160 mm - VII class, while reducing the metal in comparison to the power panels described in this application EN 94008163 25-30%.

Panels were also tested for bulletproof in accordance with GOST R 51113-97. The test results showed that even the most subtle of panels (thickness 40 mm) corresponds to the 3 bullet resistance class, with which compliance is required for building elements used in the construction of operating cash desks.

From the above it follows that the panel made according to the present invention have increased resistance to cracking, have the required bulletproof when reducing the metal, which allows you to expand the scope of their use. Economically the most preferred is the manufacture of panels V - VII class resistance to burglary.

1. Panel fencing, including metal wall and the reinforcing frame associated with the metal wall in many points, otlichayas the same time, that reinforcement cage contains at least two longitudinal rod passing through the entire length of the panel and placed in the corners of the panel from the inside, and nodes formed by each of the four short rods and placed along the length of the panel with a constant pitch, and the first short rod located in the Central zone of the panel transversely of the longitudinal rods, and its length is approximately equal to the width of the panel, the second and third short rods are located in the adjacent perpendicular to the plane of the panel planes at an angle to each other and connected by welding between the intersection point and each of the first short rod and longitudinal rods, the fourth short rod is located in a plane perpendicular to the plane of the panel and passing through its longitudinal axis at an angle of 45° to the plane of the panel and is connected by welding with the first short rod and the point of intersection of these second and third short rods.

2. The panel according to claim 1, wherein the metal wall is equipped with a shift relative to the body panel and is connected by welding to the ends of the second, third and fourth short rods.

3. The panel according to claim 2, wherein the shift value is 15-25 mm

4. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that it is equipped with the second wall.

5. the anel according to claim 4, characterized in that it contains four embedded element made of the area, two of which are placed along the edges on the ends of the panel, and two in its Central part, with embedded elements are connected by welding with the second wall and ends of the second and third short rods located in the areas of placement of embedded items.

6. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains three longitudinal rod and the third rod passes through the entire length of the panel in the Central zone and is connected by welding with the first short rods nodes.

7. The panel according to claim 6, characterized in that it contains four embedded element, made from a corner, placed along the edges in the corners of the panel and connected by welding to the ends of the second and third short rods located in the areas of placement of embedded items.

8. The panel according to claim 6, characterized in that it at length 1-1,5 m contains six elements of the mortgage, made of the area, four of which are located along edges in the corners of the panel, and two placed in the Central part opposite each other, with embedded elements connected by welding to the ends of the second and third short rods located in the areas of placement of embedded items.

9. The panel according to claim 6, characterized in that it at length more than 1.5 m from the contains eight elements of the mortgage, made of the area, four of which are located along edges in the corners of the panel, and four placed in its Central part in pairs, with embedded elements connected by welding to the ends of the second and third short rods located in the areas of placement of embedded items.

10. Panel according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the nodes of the reinforcement cage is placed on the length of the panel from step 125 to 150 mm

11. Panel of claim 10, characterized in that it is in accordance with class resistance to burglary has a thickness of 40 mm, 50 mm, 60 mm, 80 mm, 100 mm, 120 mm, 160 mm



 

Same patents:

FIELD: panel structures, particularly used in safes and enclosing structures for sales registers and depositories.

SUBSTANCE: panel comprises metal walls, frame made as at least double-layered grid of longitudinal members and filler plates of impact-resistant crack-resistant heat-insulation material. The plates are arranged at least in some cells defined by longitudinal frame members. Longitudinal frame members are formed of shaped steel-rolled stock and/or of steel roll-formed shapes having angular, channel, I-shaped or Z-shaped cross-sections. End surfaces of filler plate ends abut longitudinal member flanges, which are perpendicular to metal walls. Filler plates are connected to flanges, which are parallel to metal walls by peripheral plate planes.

EFFECT: reduced metal consumption due to reduced weight along with maintaining high strength properties and increased breaking-in resistance.

8 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: construction of storehouses for valuables; manufacture of protective slabs, doors, ceilings, floors and barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed anti-burglary device has cavity with rods whose ends are connected with inner surface of front wall of body and filler made in form of laminar structure assembled in one or several stacks. Stacks are formed by connecting the veneer sheets, metal screen and end metal sheet followed by making through holes for receiving the rods. End metal sheet for each multi-layer stack is connected with rods. Laminar structure is formed in cavity of body longitudinally relative to its front wall. Laminar structure forms non-detachable joint together with rods.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of protection; reduction of mass; low cost.

11 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction of storehouses for valuables; manufacture of protective slabs, doors, ceilings, floors and barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed anti-burglary device has body with cavity provided with rods whose ends are connected with inner surface of side wall of body and filler made in form of laminar structure such as multi-layer stacks. Stack is made from veneer sheets, metal screen and metal end sheet where holes are made after assembly of stacks. End metal sheets of each stack is fastened with rods. Laminar structure is formed in body transversely relative to its front wall. Laminar structure forms monolithic joint together with rods and body.

EFFECT: effective protection against burglary; reduction of mass; low cost.

12 cl, 5 dwg

The invention relates to building construction special purpose, in particular the designs of panels for Bank vaults, fireproof safes, armoured doors etc

Safe // 2209287

The invention relates to a device for transporting dangerous goods and values air transport

Safe // 2148141
The invention relates to the field of highly protected from hacking banking equipment, in particular can be used in the construction of safes

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular for a constructive solution of the walls mainly internal compartments for valuables banking, museums and other similar institutions

The invention relates to the construction, in particular for a constructive solution of the fence protected premises for valuables, intended for banking, museums and other similar institutions

FIELD: construction of storehouses for valuables; manufacture of protective slabs, doors, ceilings, floors and barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed anti-burglary device has body with cavity provided with rods whose ends are connected with inner surface of side wall of body and filler made in form of laminar structure such as multi-layer stacks. Stack is made from veneer sheets, metal screen and metal end sheet where holes are made after assembly of stacks. End metal sheets of each stack is fastened with rods. Laminar structure is formed in body transversely relative to its front wall. Laminar structure forms monolithic joint together with rods and body.

EFFECT: effective protection against burglary; reduction of mass; low cost.

12 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction of storehouses for valuables; manufacture of protective slabs, doors, ceilings, floors and barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed anti-burglary device has cavity with rods whose ends are connected with inner surface of front wall of body and filler made in form of laminar structure assembled in one or several stacks. Stacks are formed by connecting the veneer sheets, metal screen and end metal sheet followed by making through holes for receiving the rods. End metal sheet for each multi-layer stack is connected with rods. Laminar structure is formed in cavity of body longitudinally relative to its front wall. Laminar structure forms non-detachable joint together with rods.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of protection; reduction of mass; low cost.

11 cl, 5 dwg

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SUBSTANCE: panel comprises metal walls, frame made as at least double-layered grid of longitudinal members and filler plates of impact-resistant crack-resistant heat-insulation material. The plates are arranged at least in some cells defined by longitudinal frame members. Longitudinal frame members are formed of shaped steel-rolled stock and/or of steel roll-formed shapes having angular, channel, I-shaped or Z-shaped cross-sections. End surfaces of filler plate ends abut longitudinal member flanges, which are perpendicular to metal walls. Filler plates are connected to flanges, which are parallel to metal walls by peripheral plate planes.

EFFECT: reduced metal consumption due to reduced weight along with maintaining high strength properties and increased breaking-in resistance.

8 cl, 7 dwg

Enclosure panel // 2267591

FIELD: enclosure structures, particularly wall panels and floor panels.

SUBSTANCE: enclosure panel comprises metal wall and reinforcement frame connected to the metal wall in multiple points. Reinforcement frame comprises at least two longitudinal rods extending the full panel length and arranged in panel corners from inner side thereof, as well as joints. Each joint is formed of at least four short rods. The joints are spaced equal distances one from another along panel length. The first short rod of the joint is arranged in central panel area transversely to longitudinal rods and has length approximately equal to panel width. The second and the third short rods are located in adjacent planes transversal to panel plane and inclined to each other. The second and the third short rods are welded to points of intersection thereof and each of the second and the third short rods is connected with the first short rod and longitudinal rods. The forth short rod is located in plane perpendicular to panel plane and extending through longitudinal axis thereof at 45° to panel plane. The forth rod is welded to the first short rod and to intersection point of the second and the third short rods.

EFFECT: increased breaking-in resistance, bullet performance along with reduced thickness and decreased metal consumption.

11 cl, 7 dwg

Laminated structure // 2278937

FIELD: protection devices, particularly structures to protect vehicles and stationary devices against tamper, including terroristic acts.

SUBSTANCE: laminated structure comprises solid body and protective means formed of heat-resistant material and phase-changeable material, which may absorb heat. The protective means is located in the body. Two layers of highly rigid non-metallic material and layer of porous material having compressive strength of not less than 1.5 MPa and percent elongation in compression of not less than 20% are included in the laminated structure. Heat-resistant layer is applied to one surface, namely outer surface with respect to object to be protected, of highly rigid non-metallic layer. The protective means are united in single layer and arranged on inner side of the first layer of highly rigid non-metallic material. Substrate comprising at least two layers abuts the protective means. The substrate includes the first layer made of material with percent elongation of not less than 20% and tensile strength of 100÷360 MPa and the second layer made of material with percent elongation of not less than 25% and tensile strength of not less than 370 MPa. Layer of porous material is arranged between the substrate and the second layer of highly rigid non-metallic material. All layers are covered with layer of resilient non-metallic material.

EFFECT: improved protective properties, increased bullet-proofness and resistance to arc-jet cutters.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly enclosing structures of protective cabinets and safes in banks.

SUBSTANCE: reinforced concrete panel comprises reinforcing frame filled with concrete and composed of transversal and longitudinal bars fixedly connected one to another. The panel is provided with rectangular extension formed on at least on side thereof. One side extension face is panel plane projection. Extension thickness is equal to half of panel thickness. Reinforcing frame comprises at least three longitudinal bars and is installed so that one extreme bar is located at extension base in front of corner defined by the extension. Transversal bar ends are located in the extension. The panel is provided with embedded members made as strips and installed at panel ends from outer and inner panel sides. The embedded members are parallel to panel ends.

EFFECT: reduced metal consumption and, as a result, decreased panel costs.

9 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: constructional components and structures, in particular, facilities for protection of values.

SUBSTANCE: the panel for the door with protection against theft with a breaking open has a body consisting of modular parts with metal walls made in the form of the r.h. and l.h. lateral parts, upper part and projections monolithically interconnected with formation of an aperture for a man-hole. The panel for the door and the aperture have stepped lateral walls. The projections are made with a metal envelope and a multilayered filler including, for example, sheets of plywood and a metal screen for fastening of the components of the man-hole locking mechanism. Each modular part of the body is made with built-in rods and a filler representing a laminated structure forming a permanent joint with the rods. The presence of the aperture for the man-hole enhances the seismic stability of the panel at a high class (class 5-8) protection against breaking in.

EFFECT: enhanced protection of the panel against breaking in at an optimal weight of it, reduced specific quantity of metal, enhanced simplicity of manufacture and assembly.

4 cl, 5 dwg

Safe (variants) // 2299963

FIELD: engineering of devices for storing valuables, namely, safes.

SUBSTANCE: safe includes body and door, containing fibrous concrete. Body is made of fibrous concrete in form of monolithic structure and provided with frame contouring the door aperture, made of metallic stripes, positioned on ends of walls of face side of body. Frame contains longitudinal armature elements, positioned in body of fibrous concrete perpendicularly to stripes and rigidly connected thereto by welding, and closed element made of pipes, positioned along contour of door aperture. Metallic stripes of frame are welded to closed element, overlapping it by internal side. Second variant of safe realization includes presence of internal metallic walls. In this case for reinforcing door aperture internal walls and longitudinal armature elements of frame are made with bends on ends. Bends are positioned in parallel to ends of body walls, overlapping each other and are welded together.

EFFECT: decreased metal costs and weight of safe while ensuring required class of resistance to break-in.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to making devices for storing valuable objects. The panel for dismountable bank vaults, safe rooms and safes consists of outer and inner metallic walls, rectangular profile framework, which forms longitudinal projections on the sides of the panel, and a concrete body. The inner metallic wall is equipped with folds oriented inside the panel. The outer metallic wall is made into one with the framework of the sides from a metallic sheet. The concrete body is in form of fibrous concrete. The panel is equipped with built-in parts, made from bars, bent at the ends. The built-in parts are installed perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the panel and rigidly fixed to the inner side of the inner metallic wall, and their folds are let out through openings in the inner metallic wall.

EFFECT: invention increases effectiveness of assembling a wall from panels with increase in resistance to break-in.

14 cl, 9 dwg

Wall of safe // 2427699

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wall of safe, including outer and inner walls, space between which is filled with reinforced concrete, differing by the fact that concrete is reinforced with tubes plugged at ends, inside each tube there is a rod installed with the possibility of rotation around its longitudinal axis.

EFFECT: increased time of resistance to break-in of the safe wall with the help of a reciprocating saw.

1 cl, 3 dwg

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