Wall with increased frost resistance

FIELD: timber building structures, particularly adapted to erect individual houses, namely in severe Siberian climate with taking into consideration family formation traditions of residential population.

SUBSTANCE: wall comprises inner and outer panels. Each panel is composed of several horizontal elongated timber members laid one upon another and fastened one to another. Inserted between inner and outer panels is heat-insulation material. The panels may be formed of poles and fastened in transversal direction by partitions. The partitions are made of pole cuts. The heat-insulation material is mixture of saw dust with slag or with ashes mixed with limewater.

EFFECT: reduced cost of house erected without the use of special building technique and decreased labor power industrial intake, possibility to use in-site building materials and industrial wood residue, improved ecological safety.

5 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to a wooden building construction, in particular, for individual housing construction, and can be widely used for cost-efficient low-rise construction in Siberia, taking into account national traditions of education for young families in the local population.

Known design log walls (see the House from Foundation to roof. - SPb.: Publishing house "DILYA", 2003. - s), which is widely used in the construction of individual country houses. The construction of the walls is formed by logs laid in horizontal rows and interconnected chopped items transverse and longitudinal fixation. Chopped items transverse fixation are the semi-circular longitudinal grooves and longitudinal elements fixation are spikes and connections of the walls in the corners during the construction of the frame. Cutting corners is mainly used two types of "Cup" or "in a paw". The thickness (diameter) of a log is determined by climatic conditions the width of the longitudinal slot when the estimated ambient temperature - 20°it should not be less than 10 cm, 30°must be at least 12 cm, -40°should be about 14-16 see the log Length is determined based on the size and layout of the house with the desired seam allowance when cutting frame with the rest.

Niobrara the data logs are in the shape of a cone, the difference between the top and bottom cuts should not exceed 3 cm, so that when the frame Assembly is necessary to make a specific selection of material. The angular profiles of dressings and horizontal joints of logs are reasonably complex individual form, and their implementation at the construction site requires considerable effort and skill of the performers. After cutting the walls have "survived" assembled (for 6-9 months the moisture content is reduced to 3-5 times). After this mark logs, log roll and gather already in tow, on a prepared Foundation. Therefore, cutting of walls when the frame Assembly is laborious and time consuming process, requiring the involvement of the carpenters are highly qualified with the use of special lifting construction equipment. Modern technology made it possible to improve and accelerate the process of building log houses. So, for example, a construction company "the BALL and" (see brochure) is engaged in the construction of country houses. Kits parts houses are manufactured on modern German and Finnish equipment. High precision parts manufacturing provides high-quality Assembly, increased strength, durability, very high thermal performance, modern comfort the private design. However, the estimated cost of the standard set of country houses from calibrated (cylinder) diameter logs 180-320 mm is 180-200 € /1 sq.m of floor space, which is practically inaccessible for the average, especially the young, novice Builder in harsh climatic conditions of Siberia.

The closest in technical essence and the principle of protection from the cold to the claimed technical solution (prototype) of the wall is increased frost resistance (Cm. U.S. patent No. 4147000 from 3.04.79 entitled: "Isolation of log building construction", IPC E 04 1/10, NCI 52/233; 52/425, m/n GOR 16/80 - 1979), which consists of multiple horizontal cylindrical logs of the same diameter, stacked vertically on each other with the formation of the first wall. The second wall is made in a similar way. Each log wall has an upper portion of curved cross-section with a longitudinal recess and the lower portion with a concave recess and a longitudinal ledge in it. The protrusion of the upper logs enters the hollow of the upper section of the bottom log. Between the first and second walls is placed a layer of insulation material, the conductivity of which is lower than at the walls. At least one tension rod passes vertically through the aligned Central holes in each beam of each wall. Erased is neither pass from the bottom of the log to the uppermost log of each wall. Rod device holds tightening the studs of each wall in a vertical aligned position relative to each other.

The main disadvantage of the prototype is the lack of cross-tightening elements - walls, which can lead to deformation of the inner and outer walls from the effects of expanding efforts bulk insulating material after the subsidence after the final backfill. In addition, the application of the tightening rods passing through aligned Central openings in each round beam, requires the use of the last of sufficiently large diameter to ensure rigidity, which is economically inaccessible for individual housing construction, especially for young families.

The invention solves the problem of economically available to young start-up families of the individual building of residential homes in the harsh climatic conditions of Siberia without the use of special lifting construction equipment and without the involvement of highly qualified builders, by using as building materials of local natural materials and industrial waste wood and energy industry, as the most accessible and environmentally friendly.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the article is on high frost resistance, consisting of outer and inner walls, each of which is composed of several long horizontal wooden building materials, stacked vertically on each other and forming between them a communication chopped items transverse and longitudinal fixation, while between the walls is placed a layer of insulation material, the conductivity of which is lower than that of the walls, moreover, the relationship of the walls of the base are provided with tightening rods in a vertical aligned position, according to the invention, characterized in that as a long wooden building materials are wood part of the felled trunks of the forest - poles (Colgate) as such, or rounded, if this wall in the transverse direction are connected by at least one pier, consisting of segments of the same poles and forming between itself and the poles of the walls of communication chopped items transverse and longitudinal fixation and tightening the rods or without them placed in the Central hole made in the middle of each segment of the poles of the pier, and also due to the fact that the inner wall is built of poles equal to the length of the poles of the outer wall, and their ends provided with additional chopped items transverse and longitudinal fixation is provided for the I education interrelated chopped corners during the construction of the frame with the formation of vertical wells by intersecting elongated remnants of the internal walls with the ends of the poles of the outer walls, and also due to the fact that the insulating material is formed by a composition of wood-mineral compositions from waste wood and energy industry with zatvoreniem lime milk, and also due to the fact that the insulating material is formed of a dry ground, thoroughly compacted in layers with zatvoreniem lime milk or without mixing, as well as due to the fact that the cavity vertical wells filled with concrete composition, forming a relationship with the Foundation by reinforcing steel bars.

Therefore, due to the aforementioned innovations proposed technical solution over analogues and the prototype has the following main advantages.

1. Does not require special equipment for carrying long construction materials - logs.

2. Does not require special lifting construction equipment, because the poles can be joined and do not exceed a diameter of 8-10 cm, which allows lifting and manipulation when laying manually.

3. Not require the involvement of carpenters of high qualification.

4. The use of local natural building materials, especially poles from Golgatha (wind) can significantly reduce the financial costs of the process of building a house.

5. Much easier and hasten what is the process of building log due to the small diameter of the poles and their low weight, allows you to work alone without help.

6. By eco-friendly natural materials significantly increases living comfort immediately after the end of construction.

7. Through the use of walls, holding the walls in the transverse direction, substantially increases the strength and reliability of a design dual walls, and facilitated the formation of Windows and doorways.

Figure 1 shows a fragment of the frame (1), top view of the formed double-walled high frost resistance, the walls of which form an Autonomous cut corners. Figure 2 shows a fragment of the frame (2), a top view, formed by similar walls, the walls of which form an interrelated cut corners with vertical wells. Figure 3 shows a section of pier A-a in figure 1, and figure 4 shows a section of a vertical pit B-B in figure 2.

Figure 1-4 shows:

1 - double wall (version 1 and 2),

2 is an external wall,

3 - inner wall,

4 - pole outer wall 2,

5 - pole inner wall 3,

6 - pier

7 - piece poles of pier 6,

8 - Foundation

9 - tightening rod,

10 - Central hole in segment 7,

11 - insulating material,

12 - inner wall on version 2,

13 - pole inner wall 12,

14 - the slight pressure from the beginning well,

15 - long balance pole 13,

16 - concrete composition,

17 - rebar.

Wall high frost resistance 1 (version 1) consists of the outer and inner walls 2 and 3, respectively, each of which is composed of several long horizontal wooden building materials-poles (stacked from Golgatha, wind) 4 and 5, are stacked vertically on each other and forming between them a communication chopped items transverse and longitudinal fixation, which are widely known in the construction of individual rustic wooden homes with log walls (see the Construction of a country house. - M.: Veche, 2003-192 C. ("house master"), str-64, 38-42). Poles 4 and 5 can be used as such with a diameter of 8-10 cm or rounded (calibrated). Walls 2 and 3 in the transverse direction are connected by at least one pier 6, consisting of sections 7 of the same poles and forming between itself and the poles 4 and 5 of the walls 2 and 3 communicate through the same chopped items transverse and longitudinal fixation. The connection of the walls 2 and 3 with the base 8 may be provided for tightening the rods 9 in a vertical aligned position, which can be placed in the Central holes 10 made in the middle of each segment 7 poles of pier 6. Between stink the mi 2 and 3 is placed a layer of insulating material 11, which can be formed by composition of wood-mineral compositions from waste wood and energy industry, i.e. a mixture of wood waste (sawdust, shavings, etc. with charcoal (ash or coal slag with zatvoreniem lime milk, and can also be used by local dry soil, thoroughly compacted in layers with zatvoreniem lime or without milk (see Effective design based on wood for housing construction in Siberia: Sat. the scientific. Tr. (Sib. zones. H.-I. and the project, in-t model and experimental design of residential and public buildings; Under the General Ed. Vmessage, Novosibirsk, 1985).

Wall high frost resistance in type 2 differs in that the inner wall 12 is composed of poles 13, equal in length to the poles 4 external wall 2, and their ends provided with additional chopped items transverse and longitudinal fixation to provide educational opportunities interconnected chopped corners during the construction of the frame with the formation of vertical wells 14 by intersecting elongated residue 15 of the inner walls 12 with the ends of the poles 4 external wall 2. When this cavity vertical wells 14 is filled with concrete composition 16, forming a communication with the base 8 by means of reinforcing steel article is Rina 17, which you can do without installation tightening rods 9 in the walls 6.

The construction of the frame of the walls increased frost resistance 1 (version 1 or 2) can be prepared in advance, for example, shallow Foundation of any known type, depending on the capabilities and ingenuity of the Builder and differs from the wooden structures so that the openings of doors and Windows are performed simultaneously with the cutting of the walls 2 and 3, or 12, and the space between them is filled with insulating material, for example, every 0.5 meter total height.

Thus, the use of the proposed invention allows for an individual building of residential houses in a short time without the use of special lifting construction equipment with high efficiency whole building process, increased frost resistance and insulation, and the use of natural materials allows to obtain ecological purity of the design.

1. Wall high frost resistance, consisting of the outer and inner walls, each of which is composed of several long horizontal wooden building materials, stacked vertically on each other and forming between them a communication chopped items transverse and longitudinal fixation, when it is between the walls is placed a layer of insulation material, thermal conductivity of which is lower than these walls, in addition, the connection of the walls to the Foundation provided garter vertical rods, characterized in that as a long wooden building materials are wood part of the felled trunks of the forest - versinikia as such, or rounded, while the walls in the transverse direction are connected by at least one pier, consisting of segments of the same vershinnikov and forming between itself and the walls of communication chopped items transverse and longitudinal fixation and tightening the rods placed in the Central hole made in the middle of each segment of vershinnikov of the pier.

2. Wall according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner wall is composed of vershinnikov, equal in length to Vershinin outer wall, and their ends provided with additional chopped items transverse and longitudinal fixation to provide education interrelated chopped corners during the construction of the frame with the formation of vertical wells by intersecting elongated remnants of the internal walls with the ends of vershinnikov external walls.

3. Wall according to claim 1, characterized in that the insulating material is formed by a composition of wood-mineral compositions from waste wood and energy industries is nasty with zatvoreniem lime milk.

4. Wall according to claims 1 and 3, characterized in that the insulating material is formed of a dry ground, thoroughly compacted in layers with zatvoreniem lime milk or without mixing.

5. Wall according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the cavity vertical wells filled with concrete composition, forming a relationship with the Foundation by reinforcing steel bars.



 

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