Water resistant aluminum silicate for fireproof coating

FIELD: inorganic chemistry, aluminum silicates, composition for fireproofing of building and construction materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water resistant aluminum silicate with softening temperature more than 900°C for fireproofing of wood, polymer, and other building and construction materials. Water resistant aluminum silicate has general formula of Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2O3*pP2O5*rMA*mH2O, 1, wherein k = 3.25-11.5; m = 3.5-12; n = 0.052.7; p = 0-0.1; r = 0.3.5; M is K, Ca2+, Mg2+, Zn2+, 1/2Ti4+; A is Cl-, O2-, SO42-, CO32-. Aluminum silicate represents hardening product of water dispersion containing 1) sodium silicate of general formula Na2O*xSiO2*yH2O, 2, wherein x = 2.9-3.1; y = 17-22; 2) cross-linking agent based on alkali soluble silicium and/or aluminum compound; 3) at least one a) hardening agent (alkali soluble zinc, titanium, magnesium and/or calcium oxide (hydroxide)); b) opener; c) filler (e.g. kaolin, chipped glass fiber, milled sand, etc.); d) modifier in the next component ratio (mass %): sodium silicate 31-83.8, preferably 58-75; alkali soluble silicium compounds 0.05-39.2, preferably 10-15; alkali soluble aluminum compounds 0.4-26, preferably 5-8; hardening agent 0.74-19.9, preferably 3-8; opener 0.013-9.7; filler 1.9-33, preferably 5-15; modifier 0.01-6.3, preferably 0.35-0.75.

EFFECT: composition for production of non-cracked coating with low thermal conductivity and increased fire resistance.

28 cl, 116 ex, 52 tbl

 

The invention relates to the chemistry of the silicates, including compositions, giving the fire building and construction materials, namely, to the floor, increasing the fire resistance of metal structures in case of fire, protecting from fire wood, plastics and other combustible building materials.

There are a large number of compositions based on water-soluble silicates [1-19]. The disadvantage of most of them is the low durability, cracking during operation, a high specific weight, low resistance.

Durability and many other properties of the compositions (e.g., corrosion) are increased when used as a cationic part of silicates Quaternary ammonium ions [2, 3, 16] or potassium [17, 18]. Such silicates are relatively expensive and difficult to access. Improved performance can be achieved by introducing compounds aluminum compounds: nepheline [9] or aluminates [12, 19].

Closest to the present invention is expandable composition of the alkali silicate binder [1]. This composition, which can be shaped, having a pH of at least 9, and containing not less than 8 wt.% silica gel in terms of SiO2. Additionally, the composition includes at least:

a) one water-soluble alkali metal silicate or selectedrowindex organic bases, having a dissociation constant at 25°With more than 10-2; specified silicate means active;

b) colloidal silica, characterized by an average particle size of from 5 to 200 microns.

c) the reaction product of 1 mol of active and colloidal silicates with a 0.002-0.05 mol of cationic nitrogen-containing surfactants having 1-2 chain With8-C24. The optimal ratio of active silicate to the colloidal silica is 1: 1.5 to 50.

The composition of the high-speed wire whisk stirrer, and he freezes, keeping the form. Additionally, the composition is administered thickening agent, the anion of which is formed by the acid dissociation constant greater than 10-10for example carboxylic acid. The anion is introduced into the latent hydrolyzable form, for example in the form of ester. Optimal results are achieved when using glycerol triacetate.

In addition, introducing fibrous filler in an amount up to 15 parts per 1 part foam. The initial foaming composition can be accomplished by bubbling an inert gas. The dried composition has a low specific weight, low thermal conductivity, workability. Its disadvantage is a low resistance and a low softening temperature, which leads to a lack of effectiveness of thermal insulation due to its sintering in fire conditions.

The aim of the present invention one is to create a highly efficient thermal barrier coatings, providing enhanced fire resistance of metal structures, as well as protecting against fire wood, plastics and other combustible building materials, non-dehiscent in operation, resistant to moisture and has high adhesion to building materials, making it easy to glue these materials with each other. The structure should have a softening temperature above 900°and low thermal conductivity.

This goal is achieved by using as a composition for coating a new synthetic aluminosilicate formed directly on the surface to be protected in the reaction that does not require additional heating, the sodium silicate with cross-linking agent from among dilaceration compounds of aluminum and/or silicon and at least one of the following reagents:

1) the curing agent is reactive additive that increases the hardness of the material;

2) baking powder - a substance that generates a gas, creating a porous structure of the material during its curing taking place in this case with minimal shrinkage;

3) the filler is an inert compound that reduces the speed of the chemical processes occurring in the system and increase the volume of the generated material;

4) the modifier is an organic substance, etc is giving the system a color and/or water-repellent properties;

using the following ratio of components, wt.% the total weight of the composition:

sodium silicate 50-80, preferably 58-75; dilaceration silicon compound is 0.5-15, preferably 10-15; aluminum compounds 1,4-26, preferably 5-8; hardener 0.7 to 14, preferably 3-8; baking powder 0,5-9,6; filler 2,6-19, preferably 5-15; modifier of 0.1 of 4.83, preferably 0.35 to 0.75 in.

The best properties of the compositions, which include all of these groups of chemicals.

The composition formed by the reaction of sodium silicate with the General formula Na2O*xSiO2*yH2O soluble in the alkaline environment of the aluminum compounds, capable of giving its hydroxide Al(OH)3and compounds of silicon, is able to give silicic acid Si(OH)4. These compounds are condensed with the original silicate with the formation of synthetic polymeric silicates of the General formula: Na2O*kSiO2*mH2O nAl(OH)3. Additional stabilization of the latter is achieved by the introduction of the multivalent cations M = Ca2+; Mg2+; Zn2+; Ti4+in the form of their salts or oxides. The introduction of phosphate increases thermal stability of the compounds and ammonium compounds or easily hydrolyzable amides, highlighting in alkaline ammonia, contribute to the formation of the porous structure of the aluminosilicate with a low of Teplopribor the stew. As a result of processes occurring during the initial drying aqueous slurry of the reactants at ordinary temperature, it forms water-resistant silicate of the General formula

Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2O3*pP2O5*rMA*mH2O=O, where k = 3,5-5,3; m = 5-12; n = 0,1-1; p = 0-0,1; r = 0-3,5; M = CA2+; Mg2+; Zn2+l/2Ti4+; = O2-; SO42-;32-; water partially evaporates, but a significant amount is included in the structure of the aluminosilicate in the form of crystalline. The resulting crystalline have low heat resistance and is easily lose water when heated. The result of this coating in the intensive external heating capable of maintaining the temperature of the protected surface at a constant level in the 100-110°to almost complete depletion of water of crystallization. It is found experimentally that when the outside temperature is about 900°With temperature under the floor does not exceed 110°C for 10 minutes at a thickness of 5 mm and 20-25 minutes at a coating thickness of 10 mm as a result of exposure to the coating of water in the course of its operation is leaching formed or unreacted water-soluble compounds (chloride or sulfate of sodium, an excess of urea and other), which leads to additional decrease in the density of the formed silicates. If ek is operating coatings at low temperatures, the mass fraction of water of crystallization increases, the increase in the ability of the coating to maintain a constant temperature during subsequent heating.

It is found that when the molar ratio of Na2O*xSiO2*yH2O:Al(OH)3: Si(OH)4= 1:1:1 form a stable water-resistant silicates with a large mass fraction of water of crystallization, is capable of removal with increasing temperature.

Used sodium silicate has the formula: Na2O*xSiO2*yH2O, where x = 2,9-3,1; y = 17-21. This liquid substance is transparent or slightly coloured brown or gray impurities. After drying in air at room temperature, it loses water and is reduced to values of 3-4.

As the aluminum compounds can be used: sodium aluminate, aluminum oxide, aluminum hydroxide, aluminum chloride, aluminum oxychloride, aluminum sulfate, aluminum alum, aluminum phosphate, as well as other synthetic and natural compounds, for example, nepheline Na2[Al2Si2O8], kaolinite Al2(Si2O5) (OH)4, halloysite (H2O) [Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4] and other active aluminosilicates, able as a result of hydrolysis to form in solution, the polymer structure, as described in [20]. Optimal use of a mixture of several forms of aluminum compounds with RA is Noah reactivity for example, aluminum oxide, aluminum hydroxide and aluminum sulfate. Kaolinite, consisting of alternating layers of hydrargillite (polymer form Al(OH)3from the United edges of the octahedra AlO6and flat polianionov (Si2O5)n-2nbuilt from the United the three vertices of the tetrahedra SiO4[23], serves as the source of silicon and aluminum. Obviously, the same role can play nepheline and halloysite.

As dilaceration of silicon compounds can be used either synthetic or natural materials. Including various forms of silica: silica gel different degree of dispersion obtained by drying gels, silicic acid, Aerosil, white carbon black, Krempel (waste production of superphosphate), dry products of hydrolysis of CHLOROSILANES and still bottoms resulting from the distillation of CHLOROSILANES, for example, silicon tetrachloride or tetraethoxysilane, tetraethoxysilane or technical ethylsilicate. Can be used silica gel saturated with water, after use to dry in any process and is waste production. Can also be used finely milled silica, which is known to be soluble in an alkaline medium with the formation of silicate and hydrogen evolution. The studies have used samples of several what their grades of silica gel of domestic and import manufacture. Significant differences in their properties with respect to the purposes of the present invention is not detected. Natural source of silica can serve as Tripoli, representing fossil remains of siliceous shells of ancient animals.

As a hardener additive that increases the hardness and strength of the coating, can be used dioxide, hydroxide or sulfate of titanium oxide, hydroxide or sulphate of zinc, and compounds of CA and Mg oxides, hydroxides, sulfates, chlorides or carbonates.

As baking powder, creating a porous structure of the material during its curing, can be used compounds that emit ammonia in alkaline medium: ammonium salts and amides, for example, urea, producing ammonia by hydrolysis. It is desirable to use a combination of amides and ammonium salts, for example, to enter monosubstituted phosphate of ammonium and urea. Ammonium salts quickly allocate all available ammonia and urea gives slowly, as hydrolysis. Other amides and ammonium salts, such as sulfates and chlorides, can also be used. Pore formation leads to the decrease of the density and thermal conductivity of the material increases the resistance to freezing - thawing. In addition to steam formation these additives in the volatilisation of ammonia reduce obsessional aluminosilicate, that is a factor that increases its resistance, and reduce the propensity for cracking. Among the ammonium salts are preferred phosphate, which increases the heat resistance of the coating, but can be used as sulfates and chlorides.

As the filler, it is advisable to use natural, finely ground minerals. Fine ground sand, expanded perlite, Tripoli, and other natural forms of silica, usually light and their role as moderators of the process of condensation of the silicate. The same role is mainly played by mica and other natural aluminosilicates. As the fibrous filler can be used, for example, cut fiberglass or mullite fiber. You can use other glass fillers, for example, steklosfera. Additives expanded perlite, steklosfera or checkosver (light fraction of fly ash CHP) can reduce the density of the material.

Consider the group of aluminosilicates is located on the border soluble compounds formed by the interaction of an excess of sodium silicate with curing salts, and poorly soluble compounds, formed when an excess of active components usually do not have the mechanical strength and crumbling into powder by drying under normal conditions. Therefore, the reactivity of the mixture depends on to whom icesta input filler, the optimal concentration which creates the preconditions for the formation of a strong, but difficultly soluble coatings.

As modifiers to the use of surfactants and organic dyes in the following ratio, wt.%:

PAV0,01-7
the organic dyes0,001-0,01

As surfactants can be used salts of Quaternary ammonium or tertiary amines containing 1 or 2 carbohydrate group7-C18and 2-3 groups C1-C3including hydroxy - or aminosilane group C1-C3. You can use monoquaternary diamines, [21], triethanolamin, including ethoxylated and/or oxypropylated triethanolamine, N - alkilirovanny triethanolamine, triethanolamine salt, for example triethanolammonium salt of di - 2 - ethylhexylamine acid. Preferred surfactants capable of complexation. Dibenzo-18-crown-6 and oxyalkylene derivatives of triethanolamine or of ALKYLPHENOLS show high activity. Other crown ethers and related compounds, providing the formation of stable complexes with sodium ion, for example speranda based on methyl esters of phenol [24 / 498], can also be used. Dibenzo-18-crown-6 dissolved in the silicate is of the atrium is already at room temperature. Intermediate dissolution of crown ether in a lower alcohol, such as isopropanol, can accelerate the dissolution. Complexation causes the growth of cations within the structure of the silicate. Drying of the composition does not lead in this case to the coordination sphere of the sodium. The authors found that the silicate formed with the participation of complexes of sodium with a macrocyclic crown ether, in contrast to the known silicate obtained from aqueous solutions remains strong and will not crack when drying. The resulting coating has high adhesion to metal, concrete, wood and foams of different brands.

As surfactants can also be used carbohydrates, such as sucrose, polyhydric phenols and alcohols, for example, pyrocatechin and glycerin, silicone water-repellent agent, described in the literature [22].

As dye is advisable to use organic dyes, for example, brilliant green (oxalate tetraethyl-4,4'-diamino-triphenylmethane). Can be used inorganic colored salts, for example copper sulphate in combination with oxyalkylene surfactant.

Introduction surfactants and organic dyes reduces the tendency of the material to cracking and increases their resistance, however, if the total proportion of organic substances exceed 1.5-2%, education is wusasa cover transition into the combustible substances.

Solid materials formed during the drying of the compositions according to the present invention have resistance to freezing-thawing above 25 cycles, the solubility in water of less than 10%, they are non-combustible according to GOST 30244-94 when the organic matter content less than 1.5%. With increasing temperature, they lose water and increase in volume, which reduces their thermal conductivity. The softening temperature of the considered group of aluminosilicates exceeds 900°C. the Mass fraction of water of crystallization usually exceeds 25%.

The above composition was prepared by mixing the components at room temperature using high-speed wire stirrer. First mixed finely ground solid components, and then thereto was added a liquid substance.

On the basis of the obtained compositions was prepared samples for testing properties of the finished coatings. The solubility of the hardened material and the water absorption was determined 30 days after their manufacture, immersing them in water with room temperature for 2 hours. Resistance to freezing-thawing was determined on a fully water-saturated samples, conducting freezing at - 18°C and thawing in water with a temperature of 30-40°C. Resistance was determined outdoors in conditions of Moscow. The maximum period of observations is 2 years. Loss m the ssy during annealing was determined after incubation of the samples at 300 and 1000° C for 30 and 15 minutes respectively. Fire-retardant properties were determined in accordance with the methods described in the respective examples. Minimum drying samples prior to testing at room temperature is two weeks, final stabilization properties of materials occurs through six weeks.

The following are specific embodiments of the present invention.

Example 1. Mix 750 g of kaolin dry processing field "Sukhoy log" TU 5729-079-00284530-98 containing 98% Al2O3*2SiO2*2H2About (hereinafter kaolin), 500 g of aluminium hydroxide according to GOST 11841-76 (hereinafter Al (OH)3) and 1000 g of finely ground silica gel brand SSCG GOST 3956-76, sifted through a sieve with a mesh size of 1 mm

Select 300 g dry curing of the composition and mixed with 630 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O (GOST 13078-81).

Example 2. Prepare 300 g dry curing composition comprising 65 g of Al(OH)3, 135 g of silica gel for chromatography and 100 g of kaolin. Mix the product with 630 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 3. Mix 750 g dry processing field "Helen" brand KE - 2 on THE other 5729-070-00284530-96, 500 g of aluminium hydroxide mark "Hydroxyl" beyond 1711-046-00196368-95 and 500 g of white carbon black (Aerosil) brand BS - 100, sifted through a sieve with razmara cell 1 mm.

Take 250 g of dry curing of the composition and mixed with 500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Table 1 shows the composition (wt.%) mixtures to obtain aluminosilicates in examples 1-3 and their properties.

Table 1

Composition, forming a water - and heat-resistant silicates

When

measures
Na2O*2,9SiO2*2OH2OAl(OH)3SilicaKaolinFormula aluminosilicate
167,7%to 7.2%14,3%10,8%Na2O*5,06SiO2*5,2H2O*1,55Al(OH)3.
267,7%7,0%14,5%10,8%Na2O*5,11SiO2*6,3H2O*1,56Al(OH)3.
366,6%9,5%9,5%14,3%Na2O*4,9SiO2*9H2O*2,1Al(OH)3.

Table 2.

Properties of aluminosilicates derived from aluminium hydroxide

ActionSolubility %Water absorption %UD. weight ρ 20°Frost resistance cyclesThe loss of mass at 300°KÈA; VSP300°The mass loss at 1000°KVSP< / br>
1000°C
Grief honorshrinkage during drying
10%4%1,115417,2%2,930,0%3,6NG8%
20%4%1,024720,7%the 3.823,1%4,1NG13%
33%8%1,183327,6%2,329,2%the 3.8NG8%

Thus, using as a crosslinking agent 7-9,5% aluminium hydroxide and 9.5-14.5 percent dilaceration compounds of silicon: silica gel or aerosol, with the addition of the 10.8-14.3% of kaolin, you can get water resistant non-combustible material that loses when heated to 30% of the mass in the removal of water of crystallization. The composition has good adhesion to steel and foams of different brands. He thixotrope and has adhesive properties.

The composition does not contain baking powder and mesoporosity.

Below are examples of compositions containing as the development is of hotela the ammonium phosphate.

Example 4. Mix 750 g of kaolin, 501,5 g Al(OH)32.4 g NH4H2PO4(GOST 18918-85) and 985 g of silica gel.

To 250 g of the obtained dry curing of the composition is added 500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 5. To 2250 g of dry composition of example 1 added 11.3 g NH4H2PO4.

To 250 g of the obtained dry curing of the composition is added 500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 6. To 330 g dry curing composition according to example 5 add 602 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 7. To 350 g of dry curing composition according to example 5 add 599 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 8. Mix 750 g of kaolin brand KE-2, 500 g of aluminium hydroxide mark "Hydroxyl", 12.5 g of powdered ammonium phosphate and 1000 g of white carbon black (aerosol) type SU-100, sifted through a sieve with a mesh size of 1 mm

Take 250 g of dry curing of the composition and mixed with 500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 9. Mix 750 g of kaolin brand KE-2, 500 g of aluminium hydroxide mark "Hydroxyl", 14 g of powdered ammonium phosphate and 1002 g of fine silica gel for chromatography.

Select 300 g dry curing of the composition and mixed with 602 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

The use of the 10. To 250 g of dry curing of the composition of example 1 add 2 g NH4H2PO4and 510 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 11. To 250 g of dry curing of the composition of example 1 add 5 g of NH4H2PO4and 530 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 12. Mix 750 g of kaolin brand KE-2, 512 g of aluminium hydroxide mark "Hydroxyl", 56 g of powdered ammonium phosphate and 1002 g of fine silica gel for chromatography.

Select 298 g dry curing of the composition and mixed with 610 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 13. To 2250 g dry curing of the composition of example 1 added 46 g of NH4H2PO4. Select 300 g of the obtained composition and mixed with 610 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 14. To 250 g of dry curing of the composition of example 1 add 10 g of NH4H2PO4and mixed with 510 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 15. To 250 g of dry curing of the composition of example 1 add 0.1 g of NH4H2PO4and 500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 16. Take 250 g of dry curing the composition according to example 3 and mixed with 7.5 g of NH4H2PO4and 500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

In tables 3 and 4 etc is presented the results of the study of silicates, containing a crosslinking agent, a filler and baking powder - ostat ammonium.

Thus, the obtained water-resistant binder with a softening temperature of more than 900°With the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*mH2O* Nal(OH)3where k = 4,9-5,52 ; m = a 5.1 and 10.3 ; n = 1,54-2,1

The aluminosilicate is formed by drying (0-30° (C) composition for coating, including:

sodium silicate Na2O*(2,9-3) SiO2*20H2O63,1-67,5%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium hydroxideof 7.1 and 8.1
silica gel or aerosola 14.1-16,3
Filler: kaolin10,8-14,3%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphateof 0.013 to 1.3%.

Table 3.

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates, modified phosphate.

(the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ExampleNa2O *3SiO2*20H2OAl(OH)3SilicaKaolinThe ammonium phosphateFormula aluminosilicate (mixture of phosphate ions do not take into account)
466,7%7,5%14,7%11,2%0,03%Na2O*5,15SiO2*51H 2O*1,64Al(OH)3
566,7%7,4%14,7%11,1%0,17%Na2O*5,15SiO2*6,3H2O*1,62Al(OH)3
664,6%7,8%15,7%11,7%0,18%Na2O*5,36SiO2*9,lH2O*1,78
763,1%8,1%16,3%12,2%0,18%Na2O*5,52SiO2*5,6N2About*1,89Al(OH)3
866,7%7,4%14,7%11,0%0,18%Na2O*5,15SiO2*9,7H2O*1,62Al(OH)3
966,0%7,3%14,7%11,0%0,20%Na2O*5,2SiO2*6H2O*l,65Al(OH)3
1066,9%7,3%14,6%10,9%0,26%Na2O*5,12SiO2*5,8H2O*1,6Al(OH)3
1167,5%7,1%14,1%10,6%0,64%Na2O*5,04SiO2*7,lH2O*1,54Al(OH)3
1267,2%7,3%14,2%10,6%0,79%Na2O*5,06SiO2*4,9H2 O*1,56Al(OH)3
1367,0%to 7.2%14,4%10,8%0,66%Na2O*5,09SiO2*5,7H2O*1,57Al(OH)3
1466,0%to 7.2%14,4%10,8%1,30%Na2O*5,12SiO2*6,5H2O*1,6Al(OH)3
1566,7%7,5%14,8%11,1%0,013%Na2O*5,16SiO2*9,3H2O*1,63Al(OH)3
1666,0%9,4%9,4%14,2%1,0%Na2O*4,9SiO2*10,3H2O*2,1Al(OH)3

Table 4.

Properties of aluminosilicates modified phosphate

ActionSolubility %Water absorption %UD.

weight

ρ

20°
Frost resistance cyclesThe loss of mass at 300°ToVSP300°The mass loss at 1000°ToVSP1000°CombustibilityShrinkage during dryingMol per share P2About5
40%0%,15 3617,23,020,74,4NG4%0,0012
57%15%1,113620,72,624,05,0NG4%0,0066
63%3%1,293926,5the 3.829,0a 4.9NG10%0,0073
70%3%1,284517,63,427,84,3NG13%0,0074
80%3%1,203028,63,020,04,3NG8%0,0070
90%4%1,353119,6the 3.824,04,8NG5%0,0079
100%4%1,184319,43,225,74,3NG4%0,0101
110%2%1,084423,03,326,24,5NG8%0,0247
120%0%1,2430of 17.03,529,04,6NG10%0,0307
130%0%1,143819,02,926,04,3NG2%0,0257
140%2%1,154721,32,925,03,5NG6%0,0514
150%3%1,104530,63,335,3the 5.7NG4%0,0005
164%7%1,163320,62,429,8a 3.9NG17%0,0395

The increase in the mass fraction of ammonium phosphate in excess of the upper limit (1.3% in example 14) leads to the composition with the bottom of the Oh viability, what complicates its practical use.

Below are examples 17-20, showing the possibility of formulations based on sodium silicate and aluminium hydroxide, optionally containing fillers and hardeners. From the data analysis of the composition shows that after drying, each atom of silicon and aluminum bound to 1 molecule of water, which is cleaved at a temperature not exceeding 300°C. the Formulation of compositions for coatings and chemical formula of the resulting aluminosilicate are shown in table 5, and the properties of aluminosilicates in table 6.

Example 17. To 300 g of dry curing composition according to example 5 add 10 g of glass yarns and 600 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 18. To 200 g of dry curing composition according to example 5 add 22 g of ZnO and 472 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*20H2O.

Example 19. Prepare 1000 g of dry curing composition comprising the following components (g):

Al(OH)3(hydroxyl) 167,5; Aerosil (BS 100) 322,2; NH4H2PO410,0; CaO 32,9; ZnO 51,2; Water 49,8; expanded Perlite 164,3; Cut glass 10,3; Kaolin, rosanowski wet processing 191,8.

The resulting composition is mixed with 500 g of 30%aqueous solution of urea and 2000 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 20. Prepare 400 g of dry curing composition comprising the following components (the):

Al(OH)3(hydroxyl) 88; Silica gel SSCG 17,6; Aerosil (BS 100) 88; NH4H2PO41,7; Urea 1,7; Ground sand 71; Kaolin KE - 2 132.

The resulting composition is mixed with 150 g of water and 600 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Water added for dilution compositions, which facilitates their application.

In table 5, etc. the concentration of components in the diluted compounds are listed in two lines: the upper value of the share component in the composition with the addition of water; the lower the value counted in the composition not containing additional water. (Listed in order to compare the formulations of the compositions at 100%concentration of active components).

Table 5.

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates, modified phosphates, with additional components. (the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ActionNa2O*3SiO2*20H2OAl(OH)3SilicaCasolinNH4H2PO4Cut glassTransferredCaOZnOUreaWaterFormula aluminosilicate (mixture of phosphate ions do not take into account)
1766%7,3%14,5% 10,9%0,2%1,1%Na2O*5,15SiO26,6H2O*1,62Al(OH)3
1868%6,3%12,7%9,5%0,1%3,2%Na2O2*4,82SiO2*7H2O1,37Al(OH)3*0,34ZnO
19



b/W
57%



64,3%
4,8% 5,4%9,2% 10,3%5,5%

6,2%
0,3% 0,3%0,3% 0,3%4,7% 5,3%1,0% 1,1%1,4% 1,6%4,3% 4,9%11,4%Na2O*4,5SiO2*5,4H2O*1,1Al(OH)3*0,2ZnO*0,so
20



b/W
52%



59,8%
7,7% 8,9%of 9.2% and 10.5%11,5% 13,2%0,1% 0,1%6,1% 7,0%0,1% 0,1%13,0%Na2O2*5,lSiO2*6,8H2O*2,15Al(OH)3

Table 6.

Properties of aluminosilicates modified phosphates, compounds Zn and CA.

When measures/td> Solubility %Water absorption %UD. weight

ρ

20°
Frost resistance cyclesThe loss of mass at 300°ToVSP< / br>
300°
The mass loss at 1000°ToVSP< / br>
1000°
CombustibilityShrinkage during drying
173%6%1,254219,4%2,423,1%a 3.9NG0%
180%4%1,154120,7%2,726,7%3,5NG8%
194%14%1,134018,0%1,124,0%1,3NG15%
200%4%1,365018,5%a 3.921,4%4,2NG6%

Thus, the obtained water-resistant binder with a softening temperature of more than 900°the General form is s Na 2O·kSiO2·mH2O·nAl (OH)3·rMO,

where k = 4,5-5,15; m = 5,l-7 ; n = 1,54-2,1; r = 0,34 -0,4; M = CA or Zn, formed during drying (0-30° (C) composition for coating, including (without water):

sodium silicate Na2O·(2,9-3) Si2O*20HO2a 59.8 68%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium hydroxide5,4-8,9%
silica gel or aerosol10,3-14,5%

Filler: kaolin, cut glass,

ground sand11.8 to 20,2%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphateof 0.1-0.3%
hardener: zinc oxide and/or calcium2,4-3,2%

In the composition of the silicon-containing part of the cross-linking agent can be used it is elemental silicon. It dissolves in an alkaline medium with the formation of silicate ions and hydrogen evolution. Below are examples 21-23, confirming this possibility.

Example 21. Prepare 1500 g dry curing composition comprising the following components (g):

Al(OH)379; Ca(OH)2311; Kaolin 421; Cut glass 21;

Silicon powder 500; Trepel 168.

The resulting composition is mixed with 2200 grams of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*2H 2O.

Example 22. Prepare 187 g curing composition comprising the following components (g):

Al(OH)315; Powdered silicon 8; NH4H2PO44, Cut the fiberglass 1; Trepel 30; kaolin 67; Quicklime (Cao) 45; Urea 5;

Water 12.

The resulting composition is mixed with 313 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 23. Prepare 300 g dry curing composition comprising the following components (g):

Al(OH)326; Powdered silicon 13; NH4H2PO46,5; Cut glass 2,5; Trepel zeolite "Alatyr" (TU 2163-5-05759008-96) 53; kaolin 119; Quicklime (Cao) 80;

The resulting composition is mixed with 600 g of a solution consisting of 20 g oxopropylidene triethanolamine and 580 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*mH2O*nAl (OH)3*rMO, where k = 4,9-9,1 ; m = 7-10 ; n = 1.1 to 1.4; r = 1,1-1,5; M = CA

Table 7.

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates involving silicon. (the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ExampleNa2O*2,9SiO2*20N2OAl (OH)3SiliconKaolinNH4H2PO4/td> UreaTripoliCaO Ca(OH)2Cut the fiberglassPAVWaterFormula aluminosilicate (mixture of phosphate ions do not take into account)
2159,5%2,1%13,5%11,4%4,5%8,4%0,6%Na2O*9,1SiO2*1,1Al(OH)3*1,so*10H2O
2262,6%3,0%1,6%13,4%0,8%1,0%6,0%9,0%0,2%2,4%Na2O*5SiO2*1,4Al(OH)3*1,5CaO*7H2O
2364,3%2,9%1,4%13.3%0,7%5.9%8,9%0,3%2,2%Na2O*4,9SiO2*1,3Al(OH)3*1,so*7H2O

The aluminosilicates are formed during the drying of the composition for coating, including:

Sodium silicate Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O59,5-64,3
Crosslinking agent: aluminium hydroxide2.1 to 3%
silicon powder9,2-14,5%
Filler: kaolin, cut glass, Tripoli16,5-19,6%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphate and urea0,7-1,8%
Hardener: oxide or calcium hydroxide8,4-9%
Modifier: oxypropylated triethanolamine2,2%

Table 8.

Properties of silicates, with cross-linking agent of the hydroxide of aluminum and silicon.

ExampleRastvorimosti %Water absorption %UD. weight

ρ

20°
Frost resistance cyclesthe weathering of yearsCombustibilityLaying drying
210%20%1,12231,O*G16%
220%13%1,29321NG2%
232% 41%0,82500,3NG0%

Aluminium dissolves in alkaline medium and its powder can be used in the manufacture of a composition for coatings according to the present invention.

Example 24. Prepare 40 g dry curing composition comprising the following components (g):

Al(OH)310; powdered aluminum 2; Aerosil 10; Trepel 5; Powdered silicon 1; Cationic blue 0,2; Calcium chloride 3; Calcium carbonate 5; Urea 1; Water 2; cationic surfactants Ketamin (alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride) 1.

The resulting composition is mixed with 60 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 25. Prepare 40 g dry curing composition comprising the following components (g):

Al(OH)31; Aluminum powder 3; Trepel 17; Aerosil 8; Water 4,0; calcium Chloride 0,57; Chalk 3; N2H4CO is 0.9; the Silicon dust 2; surfactants: Alkyl(C8-C17)dimethylbenzylamine chloride (technical name: Katalin AB TU 9392-003-48482528) of 0.53. The resulting composition is mixed with 60 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 26. Prepare 40 g dry curing composition comprising the following components (g):

Al(OH)38; Aluminum powder 3; Trepel 10; Aerosil 12; Water 2,9; calcium Chloride 0,57; Chalk 3; Silicon dust 2; Cat is min AB 0.53 per share.

The resulting composition is mixed with 60 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Table 9.

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of aluminium hydroxide and aluminium. (the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

10%
ActionNa2O*2,9SiO2*20N2AboutAl(OH)AlSiAerosilUreaTripoliCaCO3CaCl2PAVWaterFormula aluminosilicate (mixture of phosphate ions do not take into account)
2460%10%2,0%1,0%10%1,0%5,0%5,0%3%1,2%2,0%Na2O*4,8SiO2*2Al(OH)3*0,so*0,caso3*6N2O
2560%1,0%3,0%2,0%8,0%0,9%17%3,0%0,6%0,5%4,0%Na2O*6,2SiO2*1,2Al(OH)3*0,so*0,caso3*7H20
2660%8,0%3,0%12%3,0%0,6%0,5%2,9%Na2O*5,2SiO2*2,1Al(OH)3*0,so*0,caso3*7H2About

Thus, the obtained water-resistant binder with a softening temperature of more than 900°With the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*mH2O*nAl(OH)3*rMO*'s offices3,

where k = 4,8-6,2; m = 6-7; n = 1,2-2,1; r = 0,05-0,3; p = 0.3 to 0.5; M = CA, formed during the drying of the composition for coating, including:

Sodium silicate Na2O*2,9SiO2*20N2About60%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium hydroxide1-10%
silicon powder1-2%

aluminum powder2-3%
Aerosil8-12%
Filling:Tripoli5-17%
Baking powder:urea0,9-1%
Hardener:calcium chloride0.6 to 3%
calcium carbonate3-5%
Modifier:katamin AB1,2-0,5%

Table 10.

Properties of silicates on the basis of the aluminium hydroxide and aluminium.

ExampleSolubility

%
Water absorption

%
UD. weight

ρ

20°
Frost resistance cyclesCombustibility
240%8%1,3550NG
250%11%1,7020NG
260%10%1,2327NG

Aluminum oxide (alumina) can also be used as the basis of a cross-linking agent for the compositions of the present invention. Aluminum oxide plays a role as an active component, and the role of filler.

In examples 27 and 28 as the surfactant used crown-ether: dibenzo-18-crown-6. Due to complexation with crown ether effective amount of sodium ions increases sharply, which is an additional factor stabilizing the structure of aluminosilicate after removal of excess water during drying. The introduction of a large number of aluminum oxide eliminates filler and to minimize the content in a mixture of crown ether.

A good filler for synthesized silicates is expanded perlite, additives which p is help reduce the weight of the samples; at the same time, however, increasing their water absorption.

Example 27. Mixed (g): silica gel 40; zinc oxide 40; dibenzo-18-crown-6 2; aluminum oxide (TU 6-09-426-75) 10. In sifted dry mixture is injected sodium silicate Na2O*3SiO2*19H2O: 206,

Example 28. Mixed (g): chopped finely porous si-leakages according to GOST 3956-76 - 140; zinc oxide 140; dibenzo-18-crown-6 8; and perlite sand (perlite) 17. In the crushed and sifted dry mixture is injected sodium silicate Na2O*3SiO2*19H2O: 721,

Example 29. Prepare 150 g of dry concentrate of 63 g of silica gel, 39 g of ZnO, 24 g of TiO2and 24 g of Al2O3. To the dry mixture is added 300 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O. Get the composition is suitable for application by trowel, forming a waterproof coating, lack of which is excessively high viscosity and are difficult to apply.

Example 30. Preparing 210 g of dry concentrate of 63 g of silica gel, 39 g of ZnO, 60 g of perlite, 24 g of TiO2and 24 g of Al2O3. To the dry mixture of 165 g of water and 420 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 31. Prepare 240 g of dry concentrate of 63 g of silica gel, 39 g of ZnO, 24 g of TiO230 grams of gypsum, 60 grams of expanded perlite (GOST 10832-91) and 24 g of Al2About3. To the dry mixture is added 100 g ETS 40 (ETS 40 - arch ethyl silicate liquid according to GOST 26371-84; about 80% of ETS - 40 is retreat cicilan), 100 g of water and 510 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20N2O. Get the composition is suitable for application by trowel.

Table 11.

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of oxides of aluminum, zinc and titanium content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ActionNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2OAl2O3Seeley ka-gelETS 40ZnOTiO2CaSO4PerlitePAVWaterFormula aluminosilicate
2752,6%26%10,4%10,4%0,5%Na2O*4,2SiO2*5,8Al(OH)3*1,45ZnO*5H2O
2860,8%0,5%11,8%11,8%14,3%0,7%Na2O*4,1SiO2*0,1Al(OH)3*l,4ZnO*5H2O
2966,7%5,3%14,0%8,7%5,3%Na2O*4,2SiO2*Al(OH)3*ZnO*0,6TiO2*5H2O
30 b/W52,8% 66,7%3,0% 3,8%7,9% 10,0%5,0% 6,3%3,0% 3,8%of 7.5% to 9.5%20,8%Na2O*3,8SiO2*0,7Al(OH)3*0,7ZnO*0,4TiO2*5H2O
31 b/W53,7% 60,0%2,5% 2,8%6,6% 7,4%of 10.5% to 11.7%4,1% 4,6%2,5% 2,8%3,2% 3,6%6,3% 7,0%10,5%Na2O*4,2SiO2*0,55Al(OH)3*0,55ZnO*0,35TiO2*0,25CaSO4*6H2O

Table 12.

Properties of silicates on the basis of oxides of aluminum, zinc and titanium.

ExampleSolubility

%
Water absorption %ODIs ρ 20°Frost resistance cyclesThe weathering of yearsCombustibility
272%14%1,32251,0NG
280%25%0,86460,89NG
290%0% 1,78251,21NG
300%31%0,70251,0NG
310%33%0,99751,12NG

Thus, the obtained water-resistant binder with a softening temperature of more than 900°With the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*mH2O*nAl(OH)3*rZnO, where k = 4,l-4,2; m = 5; n = 0,1-5,8; r= 1,40-1,45;

formed during drying (0-30° (C) composition for coating, including:

sodium silicate Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O60,8-52,6%
Crosslinking agent: aluminum oxide0.5 to 26%
silica gelof 10.4 and 11.8%
Hardener: zinc oxideof 10.4 and 11.8%
Filler: perlite0-14,3%
Modifier: dibenzo-18-crown-6of 0.5-0.7%

In the presence of 0.5 to 4.8% of dibenzo-18-crown-6 can be obtained water-resistant silicate by reacting a water-soluble sodium silicate (80-52% by weight of the composition) with amphoteric bases (5-3% by weight of the composition). The increase in the mass fraction of amphoteric compounds (due to the introduction in the formulation zinc oxide) POS which enables you to reduce the concentration of the crown ether necessary to obtain a water-resistant silicate. Zinc oxide has a high activity and allows to obtain bright-white coating. Further increase in its concentration in the formulation composition for coating can further reduce the concentration of the crown ether and move to non-combustible compositions.

Received also water-resistant binder with a softening temperature of more than 900°With the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*mH2O*nAl(OH)3*rZnO*tTiO2*sCaSO4

where k = 3,8-4,2; m = 5-6; n = 0,55-1; r = 0,55-1; t = 0,35-0,6; s= 0,0-0,25;

formed during drying (0-30° (C) composition for coating, including

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O60,8-52,6%
A crosslinking agentaluminum oxide2.8 to 5.3 per cent
silica gel7,4-14%
Filling:perlite0-9,5%
Hardener:zinc oxide4,6-8,7%
titanium dioxide2.8 to 5.3 per cent
calcium sulfate0-3,6%
Modifier:dibenzo-18-crown-6of 0.5-0.7%

High activity as a component of making the existing agent has aluminum sulfate. In alkaline sodium silicate he undergoes a series of transformations, linking sodium ions. Soluble sulfate anion may be attached to a solid body with calcium. Such compositions may contain increased amounts of sodium silicate and fillers. At high concentrations crown ether (1.5%), it is possible to obtain a stable solid materials from compositions with high concentrations of silicate Na2O*xSiO2*yH2O. Introduction in the formulation of the crown ether reduces the water absorption of the resulting aluminosilicate.

Due to the high content of crown ether composition according to example 32 high performance characteristics, but is too expensive and is not combustible. In example 33 contents crown ether was reduced due to the additional introduction of zinc oxide.

Example 32. To 160 g of Al2(SO4)3*N2O mark "H" according to GOST 3758-75 add 50 g of water and 45 g of urea. Stirred at room temperature for getting the solution, which is injected 30 g of finely monosubstituted ammonium phosphate, 0.8 g of organic dye brand "Red fat-soluble", 30 grams of expanded perlite according to GOST 10832-91, 1 g of Aerosil and 42 g of calcium oxide mark "H". The suspension is stirred and poured into a porcelain Cup that is placed in an oven heated to 200°C. Dried for 7 hours, crushed and p is osuivat through a sieve of 0.8 mm Get 252 g of dry curing concentrate containing 8,75% water, which can be further removed by calcination.

To 2500 g of sodium silicate corresponding to the formula Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O, add 150 g of dibenzo-18-crown-6 and mix the mixture until complete dissolution of the crown ether at a temperature of 50°C. Cool the solution to room temperature and with vigorous stirring add in 250 g of curing concentrate and 150 grams of expanded perlite.

Get thixotropic composition pink color, which can be used as an adhesive and for plastering. On the protected surface composition is applied with a spatula. When drying is formed of a porous synthetic aluminosilicate with high mechanical strength.

Example 33. Prepare 250 g of dry curing concentrate according to example 32. To 2500 g of sodium silicate corresponding to the formula Na2O*2,9SiO2*20N2O added 48 g of dibenzo-18-crown-6 and mix the mixture until complete dissolution of the crown ether at a temperature of 50°C. Cool the solution to room temperature and with vigorous stirring add in 250 g of curing concentrate and 60 grams of expanded perlite and 65 g of zinc oxide. Get a liquid composition which may be applied by methods suitable for coating materials. Viscosity goto the CSOs of the composition increases during storage.

Table 13.

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of aluminum sulfate oxides of calcium and zinc, stable crown

the ether. (the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ActionNa2O

2,9SiO2*20H2O
Al2(SO)4AerosilCaOPerliteScarlet ironyNH2H4CON2H4COZnODB CFormula aluminosilicate
3280,4%5,1%0,03%1,4%5,8%0,03%1,0%1,4%4,8%[Na2O*0,CA]*2,9SiO2*0,11Al(OH)3*0,18SO4*10H2O
3383, 8%5,4%0,03%1,4%3,0%0,03%1,0%1,5%2,2%1,6%[Na2O*0,CA]*2,9SiO2*0,12Al(OH)3*0,19Z nO*0,18CaSO4*10,5H2O

DBC = EC = dibenzo-18-crown-6

Thus, the obtained water-resistant binder with a softening temperature of more than 900°With the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*mH2O*nAl(OH)3 *sCaSO4*rZnO, where k = 2,9; m = 10; n = 5,1-5,4; r = 0-0,19; s = 0,18;

formed during drying (0-30° (C) composition for coating, including:

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O80,4-83,8%
Crosslinking agent:Al2(SO4)3*N2About5.1 to 5.4 percent
Aerosil0,03%
Hardener:zinc oxide0-2,2%
the calcium oxide1,4%
Filling:perliteof 3.0 to 5.8%
Baking powder:urea0,9-1%
the ammonium phosphate1,4-1,5%
Modifier:dibenzo-18-crown-61,6-4,8%

For stabilization of aluminosilicates containing significant amounts of sodium, can be used and other surfactants capable of complexation.

Example 34. Prepare 233 g of a curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al2(SO4)3*N2O 6; perlite 14; Cut glass 6; Trepel 36; kaolin 87; N2H4CO 8,9; CaCl222; Si 1; NH4H2PO416; surfactants:

Triethanolamine 0.5, And D Is F 1,0; water-repelling silicone fluids NGL - 11(TU 2229-276-05763441-99), containing the active beginning 29% of potassium methyl siliconate [22], 5,0; i - D 0,5; Color: brilliant green 0,1; Water 30.

The resulting composition is mixed with 672 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 35. To 170 g of curing the composition of example 34 was added 100 g of Tripoli and mixed with 550 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 36. Prepare 943,2 g curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al2(SO4)3*N2O 10; Powdered silicon 44; perlite 24; Cut glass 10; Trepel 452; kaolin 150; N2H4CO 8,9; CaCl238; NH4H2PO428; Urea 15; Color: brilliant green 0,2; NGL - 11 3,6; Water and ethanol 172.

The resulting composition is mixed with 1886,4 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O

Table 14.

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of aluminum sulfate and silica modified with calcium. (the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ActionNa2O*2,9SiO220H2OAl2(SO4)3*18H2OSiliconPerliteCarved glassChatter is l KaolinNH4H2PO4N2H4COCaCl2Briliantovyj greenThe teaDAPNGL 11OP 10Water
3474,2% 76,7%0,7% 0,7%0,1% 0,1%1,5% 1,6%0,7% 0,7%4,0% 4,1%9,6% 9,9%1,8% 1,8%1,0% 1,0%2,4% 2,5%0,01% 0,01%0,3% 0,25%0,2% 0,15%0,4% 0,4%3,3%
3567,0%0,5%0,1%1,2%0,5%15%7,7%1,4%0,8%2,0%0,01%0,2%0,1%0,3%2,7%
3666,7% 71,0%0,4% 0,4%1,6%

1,7%
0,8% 0,9%0,4% 0,4%16%

17%
5,3% 5,6%1,0% 1,1%0,5% 0,6%1,3% 1,4%0,01% 0,01%6,1%

The tea = triethanolamine

DAP = di - 2 - ethylhexylphthalate acid

Table 15,

Properties of silicates, n the basis of aluminum sulfate and silica, modified calcium.

ActionSolubility

%
Water absorption

%
tank weight

ρ 20°
The weathering of yearsThe loss of mass at 300°Grief honorFormula aluminosilicate
320%6%0,931,1223,1%G1Cm. table. 13
330%6%1,011,023,5%G1Cm. table. 13
341%10%1,220,8*24,0%NGNa2O*3,9SiO2*0,6Al(OH)3*0,02CaSO4*0,so*10H2O
354%14%1,151,O*25,0%NGNa2O*4,9SiO2*0,55Al(OH)3*0,02CaSO4*0,14CaO*8H2About
360%40%1,081,O*16,7%NGNa2O*5,3SiO2*0,38Al(OH)3*0,02CaSO4*0,1CaO*8H2O

* - marked current values of test results

Thus, the reaction force is ATA sodium aluminium sulphate, silicon and calcium chloride obtained water-resistant binder with a softening temperature of more than 900°With the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*mH2O*nAl(OH)3*rCaO*sCaSO4where k = 3,9-5,3; m = 8-10; n = 0,38-0,6; r = 0,10-0,19; s = 0,02; forming during drying (0-30° (C) composition for coating, including:

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O67-76 (in Russian), 7%
Crosslinking agent:aluminum sulfate0,4-0,7%
silicon0,1-1,7%
Hardener:calcium chloride1.4 to 2.5%
Filling:perlite0,9-1,6%
cut the fiberglass0,4-0,7%
Tripoli4,1-17%
kaolin5,6-9,9%
Baking powder:urea0,6-1,0%
the ammonium phosphate1,1-1,8%
Modifier:di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid;0,1-0,2%
the potassium methyl siliconate (NGL - 11)of 0.3-0.4%
Proc. of the ethanolamine of 0.2-0.3%
brilliant green0,1%

The following are examples of modifications of the structure on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide compounds of calcium and magnesium, which leads to increase water resistance of coatings.

Example 37, Prepare cake mix according to the methods described in example 32, including (g): Al2(SO4)3*N2About 45; urea 5; perlite 300; Al(OH)360; NH4H2PO435; silica gel 14. After drying (aluminium sulphate and urea is injected in the form of a solution in 100 g of water), crushing and sieving obtain 450 g of dry concentrate. It is added to stir the mixture 1350 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3SiO2*19H2O and 25 g of cintanya OP-10, which represents an ethoxylated isooctylphenol 10 attached oxyethyl groups. It is an open-chain analogue of the crown ether.

The resulting product is soluble in water, which indicates a lack of concentration in the mixture of cross-linkable component type amphoteric oxides dilaceration compounds of silicon. The additional introduction of the calcium sulphate leads to waterproof the connection.

Example 38. Prepare 450 g of dry concentrate according to example 37 and add to it 450 g of anhydrous calcium sulphate. The semi-finished product is mixed with 1350 g selectentry Na 2O*3,04SiO2*19H2O.

The dried composition is not soluble in water. It even increases the weight due to the hydration of gypsum. Quickly hardens.

Example 39. Prepare 450 g of dry concentrate according to example 37 and add to it 1000 g of an aqueous solution of magnesium chloride with a concentration of 29%. The semi-finished product is mixed with 1350 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3,04SiO2*19H2O.

Example 40. Prepare 450 g of dry concentrate according to example 37 and add to it 400 g powder dolomite (a mixture of carbonates of calcium and magnesium), calcined at 900°C for 2 hours. The semi-finished product is mixed with 1350 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3,04SiO2*19H2O.

Example 41. Prepare 500 g of dry curing composition comprising the following components (g):

Al(OH)375; expanded Perlite 280; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 61,5; Aerosil 80; NH4H2PO460; MgO 23,2; CaO 5. Using high-speed stirrers dry composition is homogenized with 2500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Table 16.

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide modified with calcium and magnesium. (the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ExampleNa2O

*2,9Si

O2< / br>
.20H2O
Al2(SO4) 3*18H2OAl(OH)3Seeley ka-gelperliteNH4PO4H2UreaSalts of Ca and MgwaterOP 10Formula aluminosilicate
3773,6%2,5%3,3%0,8%16,4%1,9%0,3%1,4%Na2O*5,3SiO2*0,4Al(OH)3*0,14PO4*8H2About
3859,8%2,0%2,7%0,6%13,3%1,5%0,2%19,9%Na2O*5,3SiO2*0,4Al(OH)3*0,14PO4*1,5CaSO4*8H2O
3948,1%1,6%2,1%0,5%10,7%1,2%0,2%10,3%25,3%Na2O*5,3SiO2*0,4Al(OH)3*0,14PO4*l,4MgO*8H2O
B/64,3%2,1%2,9%0,7%14,3%1,7%0,2%13,8%
4061,1%2,0%27% 0,6%13,6%1,6%0,2%18,1%Na2O*5,3SiO2*0,4Al(OH)3*0,14PO4*1,SO3*8H2O
4183,3%0,7%2,5%1,7%9,3%2,0%0,5%Na2O*4,2SiO2*0,125Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,MO*N2O

OP 10 = adduct of isooctylphenol with 10 mol ethylene oxide

Table 17.

Properties of silicates on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide modified with calcium and magnesium.

When

measures
Solubility%Water absorption%UD. weight ρ 20°g/cm3Frost resistance cyclesThe loss of mass at 300°The mass loss at 1000°Combustibility
3717%35%0,882525%27,3%NG
380%16%1,012525%NG
390%22% 0,802525%NG
400%7%1,007525%NG
4115%11%1,232528%35%NG

Thus, the reaction of sodium silicate with a mixture of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide, silica gel, salts of calcium and/or magnesium (sulfate or oxide of calcium; chloride or magnesium oxide; dolomite: a mixture of carbonates of calcium and magnesium) in the presence of ammonium phosphate obtained water-resistant binder with a softening temperature of more than 900°With the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*pP2O5*nAl(OH)3*rMA*mH2O where k = 5,3; m = 8; n = 0,4; p = 0.07; r = 1,4-1,5; M = CA2+; Mg2+; = O2-; SO42-;32-; forming during drying (0-30° (C) composition for coating, including:

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oa 59.8 64.3 per cent
Crosslinking agent:aluminum sulfate2-2,1%
aluminium hydroxide2,7-2,9%
silica gel of 0.6-0.7%
Hardener:magnesium chloride13,8%
or calcium sulphate19,9%
or dolomite18,1%
Filling:perlitea 13.3-14.3 per cent
Baking powder:urea0,2%
the ammonium phosphateof 1.5-1.7%
Modifier:Sintana OP - 101,4%

Listed below are the structures of silicates obtained by the reaction of aqueous sodium silicate with a mixture of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide, modified not only by the oxides of calcium and magnesium, but also compounds of zinc and titanium.

Example 42. Prepare 750 g dry curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al(OH)389,1; ZnO 71,3; expanded Perlite 89,1; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 61,5; TiO235,7; Silica gel 71,3; NH4H2PO435,7; MgO 23,2; CaO 18,7; "Scarlet fat-soluble" 4,4; trepel 250. Using high-speed stirrers dry composition is homogenized with 2000 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 43. Prepare 610 g dry curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al(OH)389,1; ZnO 71,3; expanded Perlite 89,1; Al2(S 4)3*N2O 61,5; TiO235,7; Silica gel 71,3; NH4H2PO435,7; MgO 23,2; CaO 18,7; "Scarlet fat-soluble" 4,4; cut glass 110. Using high-speed stirrers dry composition is homogenized with 2000 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O and 500 g of water.

Introduction in the composition according to example 43 additional reagents: alkylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride (surfactant "Katamin AB") and urea increases the water resistance of the composition and decrease in the density of silicate.

Example 44. Prepare 670 g dry curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al(OH)3139,1; ZnO 71,3; expanded Perlite 89,1; Al2(SO4)3*N2About 61,5; TiO235,7; Silica gel 71,3; NH4H2PO435,7; MgO 23,2; CaO 18,7; "Scarlet fat-soluble" 4,4; surfactants:16H33N(CH3)3+Br-10, cut the fiber 110. Using high-speed stirrers dry composition is homogenized with 2000 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O and a solution of 170 g of urea in 333 g of water.

Example 45. Prepare 2760 g of dry curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al(OH)3180; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 120; ZnO 140; TiO270; Silica gel 140; NH4H2PO470; MgO 50; CaO 40; expanded Perlite 180; Urea 335; Water 680; Pyrocatechin 10; Dolomite powder 255; Steklova the box 480; Cationic red 2 "With" 10.

The resulting composition is mixed with 4000 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 46. Prepare 2545 g dry curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al(OH)3180; Al2(SO4)3*N2About 120; ZnO 140; TiO270; Silica gel 140; NH4H2PO470; MgO 50; CaO 40; expanded Perlite 180; Urea 390; Water 780; Chalk 250; Fiberglass 125; Cationic red 2 "With" 10.

The resulting composition is mixed with 7650 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O, 2500 g of chalk and 40 g pre-mixture of composition 1:1 30%aqueous solution of aluminum sulfate and water-repelling silicone fluids NGL - 11.

Example 47 (43) (SL 283). Prepare 2545 g dry Ammergau total composition including the following components (g): Al(OH)3180; Al2(SO4)3*N2About 120; ZnO 140; TiO270; Silica gel 140; NH4H2PO470; MgO 50; CaO 40; expanded Perlite 180; Urea 390; Water 780; Chalk 250; Fiberglass 125; Cationic red 2 "With" 10.

The resulting composition is mixed with 7650 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O and 3750 g of chalk.

To study the flame retardant properties of the composition according to example 47 was applied to the PUF samples for testing in the shaft furnace.

The coating thickness of 5 mm has translated the foam in the Flammability group G1.

Table 18.

Compo is icii, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide modified with oxides of calcium, magnesium, zinc and titanium. (the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

When m

er
Na2O·3SiO2·20H2OAl2(SO4)3*18H2Al(OH)3Silica gelperliteNH4PO4H2UreaMgOCaOCarved Steklova-TripoliZnOTiO2PAVDyesWater
4272,7%2,2%3,2%2,6%3,2%1,3%0,8%0,7%0,0%9,1%2,6%1,3%0,2%
4376,6%2,4%3,4%2,7%3,4%1,4%0,9%0,7%4,2%2,7%1,4%0,2%
4471,8%2,2%/td> 3.2%2,6%3,2%1,3%6,0%0,8%0,7%3,9%2,6%1,3%0,4%0,2%
4559,2%1,8%2,7%2,1%2,7%1,0%5,0%0,7%0,6%7,1%2,1%1,0%0,15%0,15%the 10.1
b/W65,8%2,0%3,0%2,3%3,0%1,2%5,5%0,8%0,7%7,9%2,3%1,2%0,16%0,16%
4660,0%1,0%1,4%1,1%1,4%0,5%3,1%0,4%0,3%1,0%1,1%0,5%0,16%0,08%6,3
b/W76,6%1,3%1,8%1,4%1,8%0,7%3,9%0,5%0,4%1,3% 0,7%0,2%0,1%
4754,9%0,9%1,3%1,0%1,3%0,5%2,8%0.4%0,3%0,9%1,0%0,5%0,07%5,6
b/W58,1%0,9%1,4%1,1%1,4%0,5%3,0%0,4%0,3%0,9%1,1%0,5%0,1%

With the same General formula of the inorganic part of the compositions according to examples 43 and 44 last composition also contains a Quaternary ammonium salt as a surfactant and urea.

In the continuation of table 18 content of carbonates are based on the composition, not containing additional water.

Table 18 (continued).

ExampleDolomiteChalkFormula aluminosilicate
42Na2O*4,35SiO2*0,2Al2O3*0,05P2O5*0,19MgO*O,1CaO*0,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*8H2O
43Ȋ Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,2Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,17MgO.0,1CaO*0,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*8H2O
44Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,2Al2O3*0,05P2O5*0,17MgO*0,1CaO*O,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*8H2O
454,2%Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,2Al2O3*0,05P2O5*0,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*0,19MgO*0,1CaO*O,4MCO3*5H2O
4627,5%Na2O*3,25SiO2*0,1Al2O3*0,025P2O5*0,13ZnO*0,07TiO2*0,1MgO*0,06CaO*2,2MCO3*8H2O
4730,4%Na2O*3,25SiO2*0,1Al2O3*0,025P2O5*0,13ZnO*0,07TiO2*0,1MgO*0,06CaO*3,1MCO3*9H2O

Table 19.

Properties of silicates on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide modified with oxides of calcium, magnesium, zinc and titanium.

ExampleSolubility

%
Water absorption

%
tank weight

ρ 20°

g/cm3
Morosoli

bone cycles
Atmosphere resistance

years
Weight loss

300°
Burning
420%27%1,2635125%NG
436%59%0,8065125%NG
4420%45%0,71651,6625%NG
4511%42%0,92651,8*22,0%NG
4615%25%1,28751,724,7%NG
4718%33%1,29661,8*24,0%NG

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2O3*pP2O5*rMA*mH2O, where k = 3,25-4,35; m = 5-9; n = 0,1-0,2; p = 0,025-0,075; r = 0,65-3,5; M = Ca2+; Mg2+; Zn2+;Ti4+; A = O2-; SO42-;32-; having a softening temperature of more than 900"C, the resulting re-establishment at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

sodium silicate Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O54,9-76,6%
Crosslinking agent:aluminum sulfate0,9-2,4%
aluminium hydroxide1,4-3,4%
silica gel1,0-2,4%
Hardener:magnesium oxide0,4-0,9%
the calcium oxide0,3-0,7%
zinc oxide1,0-2,4%
titanium dioxideof 0.5 to 1.4%
dolomite (CaCO3*MgCO3or chalk0,0-30,4%
Filling:perlite1,3-3,4%
cut the fiberglass0,0-7,9%
Baking powder:urea0,0-6,0%
the ammonium phosphateof 0.5 to 1.4%
Modifier:organic matter, total0.07 to 0.32 per cent
including:dyes0,07-0,2%

choose from a list of: cationic red 2, Red fat-soluble surfactant 0,0-0,4%

select from the list: hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, pyrocatechin, metalsi iconat sodium (NGL 11).

The following formulations containing 60% sodium silicate, stitched with a mixture of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide, combine low density with high resistance to freezing-thawing.

Example 48. Prepare 1000 g of dry curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al(OH)353; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 36; ZnO 42; TiO221; Silica gel 42; NH4H2PO420; MgO 14; CaO 11; expanded Perlite 53; Urea 94; Chalk 74; Fiberglass 37; Cationic red 2 "With" 3. Further added 500 g of checkosver (fly ash CHP), the resulting composition is mixed with 1500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 49. Prepare 1000 g of dry curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al(OH)3105; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 73; ZnO 84; TiO242; Silica gel 84; NH2PO442; MgO 27; CaO 22; expanded Perlite 105; Urea 188; Chalk 148; Fiberglass 74; Cationic red 2 "With" 5. The resulting composition is mixed with 1500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 50. Prepare 665 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)370; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 48; ZnO 56; TiO228; Silica gel 56; NH4H2PO428; MgO 18; CaO 15; expanded Perlite 71; Urea 125; Chalk 98; Fiberglass 49; Cationic red 2 "With" 4. The resulting composition smesi the Ute with 1400 g of sodium silicate of Na 2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O and 335 g of ethyl silicate liquid ETS - 40.

Table 20.

The silicates on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide modified with oxides of calcium, magnesium, zinc and titanium, and calcium carbonate.

ExampleNa2O*2,9SiO2*2OH2OAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Silica gelperliteNH4PO4H2UreaMgOCaOCut the SteklovZnOTiO2Cationic red 2 ″with″Chalk
4860,0%1,4%2,1%1,7%2,1%0,8%3,8%0,6%0,4%1,5%1,7%0,8%0,12%3,0%
4960,0%2,9%4,2%3,4%4,2%1,7%7,5%1,1%0,9%3,0%3,4%1,7%0,20%5,9%
5060,0%1,9%2,8%2,2%2,8%1,1%0,7%0,6%2,0%2,2%1,1%0,16%3,9%

- structure 48 further comprises 20% of checkosver (fly ash CHP)

the structure 50 further comprises 13% of ethyl silicate liquid ETS-40 (80% of tetraethoxysilane with impurities polyethoxysiloxane the polysilicon acid)

Table 21.

Properties of silicates on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide modified with oxides of calcium, magnesium, zinc, titanium and calcium carbonate.

ExampleSolubility

%
Water absorption

%
UD. weight

ρ 20°

g/cm3
Frost resistance cyclesResistance

years
The loss of mass at 300°To VSP

300°
Combustibility
4810%26%0,75620,519,0%1,0NG
4922%67%0,76621,330,8%1,4NG
504%27%0,90700,724,0%NG

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2O3*pP2O5*rMA*niH2O, where k = 3,4-4,2; m = 3.75 to 9,75; n = 0,16-0.31; p =0,03-0,07; r = 0,75-1,5; M = CA2+; Mg2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A = O2-; SO42-;32-;

In examples 51 to 56 examined the effect of organic matter on the properties of the silicates formed by the reaction of sodium silicate with a mixture of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide.

Example 51. Prepare 200,9 g curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)314; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 2; CA(Oh)259; Kaolin 80; Urea 4; Water, 4; cut glass 4; triethanolamine 0,9; di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid 0.4; Direct green light 2 MS of 0.9. The resulting composition is mixed with 420 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 52. Prepare 770 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)355; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 15; NH4WITH 18; CA(Oh)2217; Kaolin 295; Water 26; cut glass 14; Trepel 118; Triethanolamine 2; Di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid 1; Direct green light 2 MS 9;

Aluminum sulfate is dissolved in water and to the cold solution was added urea. Rapid dissolution. The floor is i.i.d. mixture was poured on kaolin and mix thoroughly. Add remaining ingredients and again mix thoroughly.

The resulting mixture was poured under stirring at 930 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O. Homogenize the mixture using a high speed stirrer.

Example 53. Prepare 1050 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3108; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 25; Cao 167; Trepel 177; Kaolin 438; Water 50; cut glass 15; N2H4CO 42; Triethanolamine 6; Di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid 3; Brilliant green 0,3; Hydroquinone 9; NGL - 11-9,7,

The resulting composition is mixed with 2010 sodium silicate Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 54. Using the procedure described in example 52, prepare 259 g dry curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al(OH)320; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 6,2; Powdered silicon 10; NH4H2PO45; Cut glass 2; Trepel 40; Kaolin 90; N2H4WITH 8,2; Quicklime 60; tea 1,1; DAP 3; Direct green permanent ZHU 1,0; Water 12,5/

Example 55. Prepare 1050 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3108; Al2(SO4)3·N2O 25; Cao 167; Trepel 177; Kaolin 438; Water 50; cut glass 15; N2H4CO 42; Triethanolamine 6; Di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid 3; Brill is antova green 0,3; Hydroquinone 9; NGL - 11-9,7,

The resulting composition is mixed with 2150 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 56. Prepare 1040 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)393; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 21; Cao 143; Trepel 152; Kaolin 375; Water 40; cut glass 13; N2H4CO 36; Triethanolamine 4,7; Di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid 2,3; Triolet glycerin 145; Brilliant green 0,3; Hydroquinone 7; NGL - 11-7,7,

The resulting composition is mixed with 1880 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Table 22.

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide, solid calcium oxide, modified surfactant. (the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ExampleNa2O* 3SiO2*2OH2OAl(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3TripoliSiliconKaolinNH4PO4H2UreaCaOCut the Steklov-PAVDyeswater
5167,6%0,3%2,3%5,3%12,9% 0,6%9,5%0,6%0,21%0,14%0,6%
5254,7%0,9%3,2%6,9%17,4%1,1%12,8%0,8%0,18%0,53%1,5%
5365,7%0,8%3,5%5,8%14,3%1,4%5,5%0,5%0,59%0,01%1,6%
5462,0%0,9%2,9%5,9%13,2%0,7%1,2%8,8%0,3%0,60%0,15%1,8%
5567,2%0,8%3,4%5,5%13,7%1,3%5,2%0,5%0,56%0,01%1,6%
5664,4%0,7%3,2%5,2%12,8%1,2%4,9%0,4%the 5.45%0,01%1,4%

Table 22 (p is a favor).

ExampleThe composition of the organic modifier (h)
51The tea 9; DAP 4; Direct green light 2 MS 9;
52The tea 2; DAF 1; Direct green light 2 MS 9;
53The tea 6; DAF 3; Brilliant green 0,3; Hydroquinone 9;
54The tea 1,1; DAP 3; Direct green permanent GW 1,0;
55The tea 6; DAF 3; Brilliant green 0,3; Hydroquinone 9;
56The tea 4,7; DAP 2.3; Triolet glycerin 145; Brilliant green 0,3; Hydroquinone 7; NGL - 11-7,7

Table 22 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
51Na2O*7,2SiO2*2Al2O3*l,14CaO*9H2O
52Na2O*10SiO2*3,4Al2O3*1,so*10H2O
53Na2O*7,8SiO2*2,4Al2O3*0,so*N2About
54Na2O*8,3SiO2*0,R2About5*2,3Al2About3*1,so*10H2About
55Na2O*4,4SiO2*0,68Al2About3*0,so*N2About
56Na2O*3,4SiO 2*0,66Al2About3*0,so*8H2About

Table 23.

Properties of silicates on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide, solid calcium oxide, surfactant modified.

ExampleSolubility

%
Water absorption

%
tank weight

ρ 20°g/cm3
Frost resistance

cycles
The weathering of yearsCombustibility
5112%19%1,42261,2*NG
520%12%1,29261,2*NG
530%19%1,19501,O*NG
540%14%1,24511,O*NG
551%3%1,69310,5NG
560%4%1,48460,5G1

Therefore, supplements of calcium oxide and surfactants effectively stabilize the aluminosilicates. Triethanolammonium salt of di-2-e is indexedfaceset acid stabilizes containing sodium aluminosilicates almost as effectively as crown-ethers. Due to the high mineral content of native components of the compositions according to examples 51-56 are preferred from the viewpoint of raw material costs.

The obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2About3*pP2About5*rMA*mH2Oh, where k = 3,4-10; m = 8-10; n = 0,66-3,4; p = 0.03 r = 0,8-1,5; M = CA2+; = O2-; SO42-;

having a softening temperature of more than 900 °received re-establishment at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2About54,7-67,6%
Crosslinking agent:aluminum sulfateof 0.3-0.9%
aluminium hydroxide2,3-3,5%
silicon0,0-1,5%
Hardener:the calcium oxide0,4-0,9%
Filling:kaolin12,8-17,4%
cut the fiberglassof 0.3-0.8%
Tripoliof 5.2%to 6.9%
Baking powder:urea0.6 to 1.4%
phosphate, ammo the Oia 0,0-0,7%
Modifier:organic matter, total0,35-5,46%
including:the dyes selected from the list: Direct permanent green 2 "ZHU", Brilliant greenfrom 0.01 to 0.53%

PAV0,21-of 5.45%

choose from a list of: triethanolamine; di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid; Triolet glycerin, pyrocatechin, potassium methyl siliconate (NGL 11).

Below are examples in which the curing composition is a combination of the oxides of calcium and zinc.

Example 57. Prepare 2584 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3(hydroxyl) 456; Aerosil (BS 100) 875; CA(Oh)219; ZnO 139; Mica Phlogopite 27; expanded Perlite 446; Kaolin KE - 2 622.

The dry mixture was poured an aqueous solution (853 g)containing (g): 383 Water; urea 135; NH4H2PO4165; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 170. Select 419 g of the obtained wet powder and mix it with 714 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*3,1SiO2*17H2O and 121 g of water.

Example 58. Prepare 1000 g of dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3(hydroxyl) 167,5; Aerosil (BS 100) 322,2; NH4H2PO410,0; CaO 32,9; ZnO 51,2; Water 49,8; expanded Perlite 164,3; Re is anoe fiberglass 10,3; Kaolin, rosanowski wet processing 191,8.

300 g of dry composition is mixed with 100 g of a 30%aqueous solution of aluminum sulfate and 610 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 59. Prepare 486 g of a curing composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3(hydroxyl) 55; Aerosil (BS 100) 107; NH4H2PO410,0; N2H4CO 7;Ca(OH)214,5; ZnO 17; Water 145; expanded Perlite 54,5; Phlogopite 3,2; Kaolin KE - 2 64; Al2(SO4)3*N210. Curing the composition is mixed with 630 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Table 24.

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide, solid oxides of calcium and zinc.

(the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3AerosilPerliteKaolinNH4PO4H2UreaZnOCa(OH)2Cut the fiberglassPhlogopiteWater
5756,9%1,8%4,4%8,5%4,3%that 1% 1,8%1,3%1,4%1,2%0,3%13,6%
5860,4%3,0%5,0%9,6%4,9%5,7%0,3%0,0%1,5%1,0%0,3%8,4%
5956,5%0,9%5,0%9,6%4,9%5,7%0,9%0,6%1,5%1,3%0,3%13,0%
57 b/W65,4%2,1%5,1%9,9%5,0%5,9%2,0%1,5%1,6%1,3%0,0%0,3%
58 b/W65,9%3,2%5,4%10,5%5,3%6,3%0,3%0,0%1,6%1,1%0,3%
59 b/W64,9%1,0%5,7%11,0%5,6%6,6%1,0%0,7%1,8%1,5%0,0%0,3%

Table 24 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
57Na2O*4,6SiO2*0,5Al2O3*0,08P2O5*0,18ZnO*0,so*5H2O
58Na2O*4,7SiO2*0,6Al2O3*0,01A2O5*0,18ZnO*0,18CaO*6H2O
59Na2O*4,8SiO2*0,6Al2O3*0,04P2O5*0,2ZnO*0,19CaO*6H2O

Table 25.

Properties of silicates on the basis of sulphate and aluminium hydroxide, solid oxides of calcium, magnesium, zinc and titanium.

1,21
ExampleSolubility

%
Vodopadnye

%
UD. weight

ρ

20°

g/cm3
Frost resistance cyclesWeight loss

300°
ToVSP< / br>
300°
The mass loss at 1000°ToVSP< / br>
1000°
Combustibilityshrinkage at t
574%6%1,257519,6%1,525,0%2,4NG15%
580%3%5020,0%2,324,0%2,9NG6%
598%9%1,405024,1%3,228,0%4,0NG15%

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2O3*pP2O5*rMA*mH2O, where k = 4,6-4,8; t = 5-6; p = 0.5 to 0.6; p = 0.01 to 0.08; r = 0,35-0,39; M = CA2+; Zn2+; A = O2-; SO42-;

having a softening temperature of more than 900°received re-establishment at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O64,9-65,9%
A crosslinking agentaluminum sulfate1,0-3,2%
aluminium hydroxideof 5.1 to 5.7%
Aerosil9,9-11,0%
Hardener:zinc oxideof 1.6-1.8%
calcium hydroxide1,1-1,5%
Filling:perlite5,0-5,6%
cut the fiberglass0,0-0,3%
phlogopite0,0-0,3%
kaolin5,9-6,3%
Baking powder:urea0,0-1,5%
the ammonium phosphateof 0.3-2.0%

The coating compounds may be diluted with water to the consistency of a most convenient for plastering.

The following are examples of compositions in which to stitch sodium silicate used a light mixture of hydroxide and aluminum oxide.

Example 60. Prepare 2960,5 g curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)331; Al2O3227; N2H4CO 237; Cao 186; calcium Chloride b/41; the expanded Perlite 939; Fiberglass 248; Trepel 562; SAS 112,5; Color: cationic blue "O" 21; 356 Water.

Surfactants in this example is a mixture of: pyrocatechin + DAP + tea + OP when the ratio of the components (h) 1:4:2:4 respectively.

Curing composition is prepared as follows. Urea is dissolved in water by heating to 60°C. the Obtained hot solution is poured on expanded perlite and add successively cut fiberglass, Tripoli, dye and surfactant mixture, which is prepared in advance by mixing the components in the above balance of the situation. Then add the hydroxide and aluminum oxide, calcium oxide and anhydrous calcium chloride. Adding the last two components, the mixture is heated. Crushed and proceviat.

The resulting composition is homogenized with 7039,5 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 61. Prepare 456 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)36; Al2O344; N2H4CO 46; Cao 36; calcium Chloride b/8; expanded Perlite 68; Cut glass 48; Trepel 109; SAS 18; Color: cationic blue "On" 4; Water 69.

Surfactants in this example is a mixture of: pyrocatechin + DAP + tea + OP when the ratio of the components (h) 2: 4: 4: 8 respectively.

Curing the composition prepared according to example 60.

Select 400 g of the above-described dry curing of the composition and by using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 600 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 62. Curing the composition according to example 61 dried on absorbent paper until constant weight, select 350 g and homogenize the mixture of 700 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20N2O.

Example 63. Curing the composition according to example 61 dried on absorbent paper until constant weight, select 350 g and homogenize the dry mixture with 1050 g of sodium silicate of Na2O2,9SiO 2*20N2O.

Table 26

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates oxide and aluminium hydroxide, solid oxide and calcium chloride.

75,0%
ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2O3Al(OH)3TripoliPerliteCaOCaCl2NH4PO4H2UreaCarved glassPAVDyesWater
6070,4%2,3%0,3%5,6%9,4%1,9%0,4%2,4%2,5%1,13%0,21%3,6%
6160,0%3,9%0,5%9,6%6,0%3,2%0,7%4,0%4,2%1,58%0,35%6,1%
6266,7%3,7%0,5%9,1%5,7%3,0%0,7%3,8%4,0%1,50%0,33%1,0%
632,8%0,4%6,8%4,3%2,3%0,5%2,9%3,0%1,13%0,25%0,8%

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
60Na2O*4,7SiO2*0,2Al2About3*0,so*10H2O
61Na2O*4,9SiO2*0,41Al2About3*0,so*8H2O
62Na2O*4,6SiO2*0,35Al2O3*0,so*8H2O
63Na2O*4SiO2*0,24Al2O3*0,so*8H2O

Table 27.

Properties of silicates on the basis of oxide and hydroxide of aluminum, hardened oxide and calcium chloride.

td align="center"> NG
ExampleSolubility %The water-absorption %UD. weight ρ 20°g/cm3Frost resistance cyclesThe weathering of yearsCombustibility
604%44%1,14501,9NG
618%35%1,00640,5
6218%46%1,28571,25*G1
6328%70%1,13221G1

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2O3*rMA*mH2O, where k = 4,0-4,9; m = 5-6; n = 0,2-0,4; r = 0.32 to 0.63; M = CA2+; = O2-; C1-;

having a softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O60-75%
Crosslinking agent:aluminium oxidewith 2.3-3.9%
aluminium hydroxide0,3-0,5%
Tripoli5,6-9,1%
Hardener:calcium chloride0,4-0,7%
calcium oxide1,9-3,2%
Filling:perlitea 4.3-9,4%
cut the fiberglass2,5-4,2%
Baking powder:urea
Modifier:organic matter, total1,34-1,93%
including:dye (cationic blue "On")0,21-0,35%
PAV1,13-1,58%

a mixture of: triethanolamine; di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid; pyrocatechin, sintana OP - 10 in the ratio (h) 4:2:1:4 or 4:4:2:8, respectively.

As the source Si(OH)4Tripoli is not effective enough and in most cases require the introduction of more active components. Most activity has tetraethoxysilane or its technical equivalent of ethyl silicate liquid, for example, ETS - 40 or ETS - 32 [22]. The following are examples of formulations (64-67)containing ETS - 40.

Example 64. Select 400 g dry curing of the composition described in example 61, and add 150 g of ethyl silicate liquid ETS - 40 according to GOST 26371-84. This song homogenized with 1200 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 65. Select 400 g dry curing of the composition described in example 61, and add to it 2284 g ETS-40 and 388 g of perlite. Using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 2760 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 66. Select 400 g dry curing of the composition described in example 61, and add it to 440 g of the CU - 40, 720 g of mica "Muscovite" and 440 g of perlite. Using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 2600 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Composition for coatings according to example 66 it is difficult to apply due to its bad effective flowing property.

Example 67. Prepare the composition according to example 66 and at the final stage add in 480 g of water. The addition of the specified amount of water normalizes the viscosity of the coating.

Table 28

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates oxide and aluminium hydroxide and ethyl silicate liquid, solid oxide and calcium chloride. (the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2O3Al(OH)3ETS-40TripoliPerliteCarved glassMuscoviteUreaCaOCaCl2PAVDyeWater
6468,6%2,2%0,3%8,6%5,5%3,4%2,4%0,0%2,3%1,8%0,4%0,90%0,20%3,5%
65/td> 47,3%0,7%0,1%39,2%1,6%7,7%0,7%0,0%0,7%0,5%0,1%0,27%0,06%1,0%
6656,5%0,8%0,1%9,6%2,1%10,9%0,9%15,7%0,9%0,7%0,2%0,34%0,08%1,3%
67 67 b/W51,2% 57,3%0,8% 0,8%0,1% 0,1%8,7% 9,7%1,9% 2,1%9,8% 11,0%0,8% 0,9%14,2% to 15.9%0,8% 0,9%0,6% 0,7%0,1% 0,2%0,31% 0,35%0,07% 0,08%10,6%

Table 28 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
64Na2O*4,25SiO2*0,2Al2About3*0,31CaO*11H2About
65Na2O*7,1SiO2*0,1Al2About3*0,so*8H2About
66Na2O*6,8SiCO2*0,7Al2About3*0,so*7H2About
67Na2O*6,8SiO2*0,7Al2About3*0,so*8H2About

Table is 29.

Properties of aluminosilicates oxide and aluminium hydroxide and ethyl silicate liquid, solid oxide and calcium chloride.

ActionSolubility

%
Water

absorption
UD. weight ρ20°g/cm3Frost resistance cyclesThe weathering of yearsThe loss of mass at 300°Combustibility
6418%31%1,09252*39,1%NG
650%38%1,42502*25%NG
6615%28%1,0425119,0%NG
672%20%1,19612*20,0%NG

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2About3*rMA*mH2Oh, where k = 4,25-7,1; m = 7-11; n = 0,1-0,7; r = 0,13-0,31; M = CA2+; = O2-; Cl-; having a softening temperature of more than 900°C, obtained by curing at a temperature of 0-30°water dispersion mark the affected components:

Sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2About47,3-68,6%
Crosslinking agent:aluminium oxide0,7-2,2%
aluminium hydroxideof 0.1-0.3%
ethyl silicate liquid8,6-39,2%
Tripoli1,6-5,5%
Hardener:calcium chlorideof 0.1-0.4%
calcium oxide0,5-1,8%
Filling:perlite3,4-11%
cut the fiberglass0,7-2,4%
Baking powder:ureaof 0.7 to 2.3%
Modifier:organic matter, total1,1-0,33%
including:dye (cationic blue "On")0,06-0,2%
PAV0,27-0,9%

Surfactant is a mixture of: triethanolamine; di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid;

pyrocatechin, sintana OP-10 in the ratio (h) 4:4:2:8, respectively.

Example 68. Cook 256 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH) 319; Al2O317,4; Aerosil 14,2; NH4H2PO44,1; Chalk 4,1; MgO 3,2; Kaolin dry processing of Helen field brand KE-2 TU 5729-070-00284530-96 (98% of kaolinite 2*(H2O)*Al2About3*2SiO2) 28,8; Trepel 7,6; Cut glass 4,9; Sand colored fraction 0,8-1,2 mm 152,8.

Prepare liquid silicate composition (204 g): 14,4 g NGL-11 mixed with a solution of 2.3 g3PO48.8 ml of water, to 21.9 g of urea, of 9.8 g of ethyl silicate liquid ETS-40 and 0,042 g dye "Cationic Golden yellow". The obtained concentrate was poured in 146 g of well-mixed sodium silicate Na2O*3,1SiO2*17H2O.

Mix the dry composition and liquid silicate composition, getting 460 g thixotropic painted in a light orange color material suitable for plastering.

Example 69. Prepare 1000 g of dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3176; Al2About3161; Aerosil 132; NH4H2PO438; caso338; MgO 29; expanded Perlite 88; Trepel 70; Kaolin 267. The resulting composition is mixed with 2000 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 70. Prepare 1000 g of dry curing composition according to example 69.

The resulting composition is mixed with 1960 liquid silicate composition of the 1930 g of sodium silicate and a solution of 4 g of copper sulfate in 26 g of the mixture, 6 g of polyoxyethylene three is trolamine and 10 g of triethanolamine in 10 ml of water.

Example 71. 1000 g of dry curing composition according to example 69 mixed with 2000 g of liquid silicate composition prepared by making a mixture of 6.7 g of dye Blue phtalocyanines (TU 6-36-05011400-17-92) and 13.3 g of isopropanol; the dispersion of a dye is injected into a solution of 100 g of potassium phosphate To aCPO4in 290 ml of water, and then the intermediate product is added in 1590 good mix of sodium silicate of Na2O*3,1SiO2*17H2O.

The introduction of a large number of inert filler (sand in example 68) dramatically reduces the mass loss of the coating during heating and, consequently, reduces the flame retardant properties of the coatings of this kind.

Table 30

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of Aerosil, oxide and hydroxide of aluminum, hardened compounds of magnesium and calcium. (the content of components in the composition wt.%)

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2O3Al(OH)3AerosilTripoliSand

Perlite
KaolinCut the fiberglassETS-40K3PO4UreaMgOChalkPAVDyeWater
6831,7%3,8%4,1%3,1%1,6%33,26,2%1,1%2,1%0,5%4,7%0,7%0,9%0,8%0,01%5,0%
6966,7%5,4%5,9%4,4%2,3%2,9%8,9%1,0%1,3%0,0%
7065,2%5,4%5,9%4,5%2,4%3,0%9,0%1,0%1,3%0,5%0,14%0,3%
7153,0%5,4%5,9%4,4%2,3%2,9%9,2%3,4%1,0%1,3%0,22%10,1%
71 b/W59,0%6,0%6,5%4,9%2,6%3,3%10,3%3,9%1,1%1,4%0,2%

ExampleFormula aluminosilicateNH4PO4H2
68Na2O*0,15K2O*11,5SiO2*l 7Al2About3*0,1R2About5*0,33MgO*0,SS0,9%
69Na2O*4SiO2*l-1Al2About3*0,R2About5*0,22MgO*0,caso3*6N2About1,3%
70Na2O*4,5SiO2*l 2Al2About3*0,R2O5*0,23MgO*0,caso3*7H201,3%
71Na2O*0 5 K2O*4,8SiO2*l,4Al2About3*0,15P2About5*0,28MgO*0,caso31,3%
71

b/W
1,5%

Table 31.

Properties of silicates on the basis of Aerosil, oxide and hydroxide and uminia, caulk compounds of magnesium and calcium.

ExampleSolubility

%
Water absorption %UD. weight ρ

20°

g/cm3
Frost resistance cyclesResistance

years
The loss of mass at 300°ToVSP< / br>
300°
The mass loss at 1000°ToVSP< / br>
1000°
Combustibilityshrinkage during drying
6820%50%1,06291,5*6,7%1,115, 4%1,2NG0%
699%8%1,13251,221,2%1,322,2%2,2NG6%
709%0%1,09251,223,0%1,228,6%1,8NG10%
7121%18%1/17331,225,0%1,331,1%1,6NG 13%

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2About3*pP2About5*rMA*mH2O, where k = 4,4-ll,5; m = 3,5-8; n = 1,1-1,7; p = 0.05 to 0.15; r = 0,33-0,8; M = CA2+; MP2+; K+; = O2-;32-;

having a softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

the sand
sodium silicateNa2O*3,1SiO2*17H2About31,7-66,7%
Crosslinking agent:aluminium oxidewith 2.3-3.9%
aluminium hydroxide0,3-0,5%
Aerosil3,1-4,9%
Tripoli1,6-2,6%
Hardener:calcium carbonate0,4-0,7%
magnesium oxide1,9-3,2%
potassium phosphate0.5 to 3.9 per cent
Filling:perlite2,9-3,3%
up to 33%
kaolin6,2-or 10.3%
cut the fiberglassto 1.1%
Baking powder:ureato 4.7%
the ammonium phosphate0,9-1,5%
Modifier:organic matter, total0,2-0,8%
including:dye selected from types: blue phtalocyanines, cationic Golden yellow0,21-0,35%

Surfactant (NGL 11 or a mixture)0,5-0,8%

where a mixture of: triethanolamine: ethoxylated triethanolamine in the ratio (h) 10:6, respectively.

Example 72. Prepare 214,5 g curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)328; Al2About328; Kaolin 28; Trepel 28; NH4H2PO44; expanded Perlite 6; Powdered silicon 82; Cationic blue 0,2; Calcium hydroxide 2; Calcium oxide 4; Urea 4; Magnesium chloride b/0.3.

The resulting composition is mixed with 280 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oh, and then add pre-cooked mixture of 28 g ETS - 40, 11 hexamethyldisilazane and 0.3 g of phosphoric acid (70% H 3PO4).

Example 73. Prepare 1000 g of dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3236; Al2About39; Silica and Aerosil 320; Urea 0,4; NH4H2PO415,7; Cao 13,2; Chalk 16,2; Water 1,2; Perlite expanded 27,6; Kaolin 330; Trepel 30.

300 g of dry composition is mixed with 50 g of water and 600 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 74 (110) (87 AC OPS 69). 350 g of dry composition of example 73 is mixed with 700 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Excess water introduced into the composition for coating, provide the aluminosilicates with a higher proportion of crystalline. The introduction of hexamethyldisilazane significantly reduces in-googlemania aluminosilicates.

Table 32

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates oxide and aluminum hydroxide, silica, Aerosil, hardened calcium oxide. (the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20H2AboutAl2About3Al(OH)3AerosilSiliconTripoliKaolinPerliteETS-40NH4PO4H2UreaCaCO3MgCl2PAVDyeWater
7252,5%5,2%5,2%15,4%5,2%5,2%1,1%5,2%0,8%0,7%1,1%0,1%2,1%0,04%
7363,2%0,3%7,5%10,1%0,9%10,4%0,9%0,5%0,1%0,2%0,4%5,5%
7466,7%0,3%7,9%10,7%1,0%11,1%1,0%0,6%0,1%0,2%0,4%0,1%

Table 32 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
72Na2O*11,4SiO2*1,2Al2About3*0,04P2About5*0,01MgO*0,so*11N2About
73Na2/sub> O*4,9SiO2*0,9Al2About3*0,R2O5*0,so*0,caso3*7H2About
74Na2O*4,9SiO2*0,9Al2About3*0,R2About5*0,so*0,caso3*5,5H2About

Table 33.

Properties of silicates, based on oxide and hydroxide of aluminum, silica and Aerosil, hardened calcium oxide.

ExampleSolubility %Water absorption %UD. weight ρ 20°g/cm3Frost resistance cyclesThe loss of mass at 300°ToVSP< / br>
300°
The mass loss at 1000°ToVSP< / br>
1000°
Combustibilityshrinkage during drying
720%4%1,155125%227%4G16%
730%12%1,314725,0%3,425,0%a 4.9NG13%
740%7%1,283120,0%2,022,2 %4,1The g 8%

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2About3*pP2About5*rMA*mH2Oh, where k = 4,9-11,4; m = 5.5 to 11; n = 0,9-1,2; p = 0,02-0,04; r = 0,09-0,25; M = CA2+; Mg2+; = O2-; Cl; CO32-; having a softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2About52,5-66,7%
Crosslinking agent:aluminium oxidefrom 0.3 to 5.2%
aluminium hydroxide5,7-7,9%
Tripolifrom 0.9 to 5.2%
Aerosilthe 10.1 to 10.7%
silicon15.4%
ethyl silicate ETS-40to 5.2%
Hardener:magnesium chloride0.1%
calcium oxide0.4 to 1.1%
calcium carbonate0.2%
Filling:perlite0,9-1,1%
kaolin 5.2 to 10.4 percent
Baking powder:urea0,1-0,7%
the ammonium phosphate0,5-0,8%
Modifier:organic matter, totalto 2.1%
including:dye (cationic blue "On")to 0.04%
Surfactant (hexamethyldisilazane)to 2.1%

The combination of sulphate and aluminium oxide in the presence of compounds of titanium and zinc is also suitable cross-linking agent to obtain a water-resistant silicates, but in the best way the formation of aluminosilicates in aqueous solution is the reaction of sodium silicate with three types of aluminum compounds:

1. With salts, such as sulfate, soluble in water and almost instantly giving the corresponding silicate;

2. Moderately soluble hydroxide the reaction proceeds before the depletion of free water or excess alkali as drying material in a few days;

3. Oxide, as becoming a hydroxide in the reaction with water in an alkaline medium, occurs during rewetting of the material in the first few years of his subsequent operation;

Below are examples of such compounds.

Note the R 75. Prepare 7800 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)31000; Al2(SO4)3*N2About 1000; Al2About3400; ZnO 800; TiO2400; Silica gel 800; NH4H2PO4400; N2H4WITH 600; CaO 600; expanded Perlite 1000; Water 800.

Take 500 g of the above-described dry curing of the composition and with the help of a mixer this song homogenized with 1500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

The ratio of sodium silicate and above the dry composition is equal to 3:1, optimally to obtain high quality coatings. While the proportion of silicate to 3.25: 1 or higher, you lose the water resistance of the composition, and a similar decrease in the proportion of silicate (2.75:1) loss of workability.

Example 76. Select 75 g described in example 75 dry curing of the composition and by using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 215 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oh, adding additional solution of 24 g of urea in 36 grams of water.

Example 77. Take 500 g described in example 75 dry curing of the composition and homogenized composition with 1435 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Related recipe formulations for coatings in examples 75 and 77 for the study of flame retardant properties were applied to the PUF samples for testing in the shaft furnace in steel plates of size 200 by 200 mm

The coating on these examples, a thickness of 5 mm has translated PPU group Flammability G1 (table 52) and protected the steel from heating up to 500°C for 55 minutes at a thickness of 8 mm (example 77, drawing) or 33 minutes at a thickness of 4 mm (example 75, drawing 1).

Example 78. Select 125 g dry curing of the composition described in example 75, and homogenize the composition with 485 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 79. Prepare 145 g of dry concentrate of 20 g of silica gel, 20 g of ZnO, 10 g of MgO, 25 g of perlite, 10 g of TiO2, 25 g of Al2(SO4)3*N2About 10 g of Al(OH)3and 10 g of Al2About3. To the dry mixture 348 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 80. Select 125 g of curing of the composition, for example 75, add 15 g of vermiculite (TU 2322-100-05746371-93) and homogenize the mixture of 330 g of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Table 34

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of sulphate, oxide and hydroxide of aluminum.

2,0%
ExampleNa2O*

3SiO2*20N2About
Al2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3Silica gelPurleyNH4PO4H2UreaCaO Zn0TiO2MgOPAVWatervermiculite
7575%3,2%3,2%1,3%2,6%3,2%1,3%1,9%1,9%2,6%1,3%2,6%
7661%2,7%2,7%1,1%2,2%2,7%1,1%8,5%1,7%2,2%1,1%12%
7774%3,3%3,3%1,3%2,7%3,3%1.3%2,0%2,0%2,7%1,3%2,7%
7880%2,6%2,6%1,1%2,1%2,6%1,1%1,6%1,6%2,1%1,1%2,1%
7971%5,1%2,0%2,0%4,1%5,1%0,0%0,0%4,1%2,0%2,0%
8070%3,4%3,4%1,4%2,7%3,4%1,4%2,0%2,0%2,7%1,4%3%3,2%

Table 34 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
75Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,3Al2About3*0,05P2About5*0,51CaO*0,25ZnO*0,13TiO2*6H2About
76Na2O*3,7SiO2*0,3Al2About3*0,R2About5*0,so*0,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*6H2About
77Na2O*3,7SiO2*0,3Al2About3*0,05P2About5*0,54CaO*0,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*6H2About
78Na2O*3,5SiO2*0,23Al2About3*0,03P2About5*0,4CaO*0,2ZnO*0,1TiO2*6H2About
79Na2O*4SiO2*0,34Al2About3*0,R2About5*0,so*0,4ZnO*0,2TiO2*6H2About
80Na2O*3,9SiO2*0,35Al2About3*0,R2About5*0,so*0,29ZnO*0,14TiO2*6H2About

Table 35.

Properties of silicates on the basis of on the basis of sulphate, oxide and hydroxide of aluminum.

ExampleSolubility

%
Water absorption %Odes

ρ

200C

g/cm3
Frost resistance cyclesThe weathering of yearsCombustibility
750%34%1,05400,9NG
760%11%0,86400,8NG
770%25%0,88310,5NG
780%27%0,82621NG
790%14%1,21751,12NG
8010%17%0,94650,5NG

Samples for the study of flame retardant properties of the coatings of the present invention on metal were produced as follows. On the metal plate the size of 200x200 mm thickness of 4 mm was what caused the plaster composition according to the examples, as indicated in table 1, in 1-2 coats. The samples were placed in a box furnace, having the floor to the side heating elements. Exterior non-treated aluminosilicate side overlap efficient insulating material. Between it and the metal was installed thermocouple readings are recorded by a recorder. Inside the furnace using rheostats temperature was changed in accordance with the schedule of development of the standard fire.

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2About3*pP2About5*rMA*mH2Oh, where k = 3,5-4; m = 6; n = 0,23-0,35; p = 0,034-0,075; r = 0,69 to 1.5; M = CA2+;Zn2+; Ti4+; A = O2-; SO42-; having a softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

Sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2About61-80%
A crosslinking agentaluminium oxide1,1-2,0%
aluminium hydroxide2.0 to 3.3%
aluminum sulfate2,6-5,1%
silica gel2,1 to 4,1%
Hardener:ACS is d calcium the 1.6-2%
zinc oxide2,1 to 4,1%
titanium dioxide1,1-2,0%
magnesium oxideup to 2%
Filling:perlite2,6-3,3%
vermiculiteto 3.2%
Baking powder:the ammonium phosphate1,1-2,0%
urea1,6-8,5%

The following are examples of modifications of the formulation 75 surfactant additives.

Example 81. Take 500 g described in example 75 from dry-vergauwe and composition using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 1435 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oh, 666 g of water and 127 g of triethanolamine (tea).

Example 82. Select 75 g dry curing of the composition described in example 75. Using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 215 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oh, adding additional solution of 3 g of salt, triethanolamine, di-2-ethylhexylamine acid, obtained when the molar ratio of the components is 1:1, (TEUDAT) in 7 g of water. Active green permanent 2 ZHU: 1 g

Table 36

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of the of Ulfat, oxide and aluminum hydroxide.

(the content of components in the composition in wt.%)

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3Silica gelperliteNH4PO4H2UreaCaOZnOTiO2MgOPAVWaterVermiculite
8171%3,2%3,2%1,3%2,6%3,2%1,3%1,9%1,9%2,6%1,3%6,3%
b/W
8275%3,4%3,4%1,3%2,7%3,4%1,3%:2,0%2,0%2,7%1,3%1,1%
b/W
8153%2,3%2,3%0,9%1,9%2,3%0,9%1,4%1,4%1,9%0,9%4,7%26%
8267%3,0%3,0%1,2%2,4%3,0%1,2%1,8%1,8%2,4%1,2%0,9%11%
ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
81Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,3Al2About3*0,R2About5*0,so*0,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*6H2About
82Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,3Al2About3*0,05P2O5*0,54CaO*O,26ZnO*O,13TiO2*6H2About

Table 37.

Properties of silicates, on the Nove based on sulfate, oxide and aluminum hydroxide.

ExampleSolubility %Water absorption

%
UD. weight ρ

20°g/cm3
Frost resistance cyclesThe weathering of yearsCombustibility
810%18%1,02751G1
8211%19%1,04300,9G1

Thus, the compositions according to examples 75-80 contain up to 6.3% of surfactant (triethanolamine or its salts with di-2-ethylhexylamine acid) per not diluted with water recipe.

Example 83. Prepare 534 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al2(SO4)3*N2O 60; Al(OH)3135; Al2About325; Aerosil 80; expanded Perlite 90; NH4H2PO430; CaO 20; ZnO 70; TiO235; "Scarlet fat-soluble" 4; surfactants:16H33N(CH3)3+Br-10. Using high-speed stirrers dry composition is homogenized with 2000 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oh and a solution of 83 g of urea in 167 g of water.

Along with crown ethers and their open-chain analogue and in the formulation of compositions as surfactants can be used Quaternary ammonium salt. Use in the formulation of leavening agents: urea and ammonium phosphate can reduce the density of the coatings to 0.7-0.8 g/cm3.

Example 84. Select 75 g described in example 75 dry curing of the composition and by using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 215 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oh, adding additional solution of 24 g of urea in 36 g of water and 1 g of water-soluble dye "Active purple".

Example 85. Take 500 g described in example 75 dry curing of the composition and by using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 1435 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O, 233 g cut glass yarns, 650 g of water, 7 g of water-soluble dye Bordeaux 2C and 87 g of triethanolamine.

Example 86. Select 75 g dry curing of the composition described in example 75 and using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 215 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oh, adding additional solution of 3 g TEUDAT in 7 g of water and 64 g of cut glass yarns.

Example 87. Select 125 g dry curing of the composition described in example 75 and using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 460 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oh, by adding an additional 20 g TEUDAT, a solution of 24 g of urea in 36 g of water and 20 g of cut glass yarns.

Table 38

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of oxide, hydroxide and sulfate, aluminum, hardened oxides of calcium, zinc and titanium.

2,2%
ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3Silica gelperliteNH4PO4H2UreaCaOZnOTiO2PAVWaterdyeCut the fiberglass
8371%2,1%4,8%0,9%2,8%3,2%1,1%3,0%0,7%2,5%1,2%0,4%5,9%0,1%
8461%2,7%2,7%1,1%2,7%1,1%8,5%1,7%2,2%1,1%0,0%12%0,3%
8550%2,2%2,2%0,9%1,8%2.2%0,9%1,3%1,3%1,8%0,9%3,0%24%0,2%8,0%
8656%2,5%2,5%1,0%2,0%2,5%1,0%1,5%1,5%2,0%1,0%0,8%9%0,0%17%
8767%2,3%2,3%0,9%1,9%2,3%0,9%4,9%1,4%1,9%0,9%2,9%7,1%0,0%2,9%
Recipes without taking into account the dilution water

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3Silica gellane is it NH4PO4H2UreaCaOZnOTiO2PAVdyeCut the fiberglass
8376%2,3%5,1%0,9%3,0%3,4%1,1%3,1%0,8%2,6%1,3%0,4%0,2%
8470%3,1%3,1%1,3%2,5%3,1%1,3%9,7%1,9%2,5%1,3%0,3%
8565%2,9%2,9%1,2%2,3%2,9%1,2%1,7%1,7%2,3%1,2%3,9%0,3%10%
8662%2,7%2,7%1,1%2,2%2,7%1,1%1,7%1,7%2,2%1,1%0,9%18%
8772%2,5%2,5%1,0%2,0% 2,5%1,0%5,3%1,5%2,0%1,0%3,1%3,1%

Table 38 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
83Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,36Al2O3*0,R2About5*0,so*0,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*6H2About
84Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,3Al2About3*0,R2About5*0,3CaO*0,26ZnO*0,t2*6N2About
85Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,3Al2About3*0,R2About5*0,so*0,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*6H2About
86Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,3Al2About3*0,R2O5*0,3CaO*0,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*6H2About
87Na2O*3,4SiO2*0,25Al2About3*0,04P2About5*0,2CaO*0,2ZnO*0,lTiO2*5H2About

Table 39.

Properties of silicates on the basis of on the basis of sulphate, oxide and hydroxide of aluminum, hardened oxides of calcium, zinc and titanium.

ExampleSolubility

%
Water absorption

%
UD. weight ρ 20°g/cm3Frost resistance cyclesCombustibility
830%8%1,40250,5NG
840%11%0,71521NG
850%20%0,94301G1
868%23%1,07301G1
870%10%0,75652G1

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2About3*pP2O5*rMA*mH2Oh, where k = 3,4-3,6; m = 5-6; n = 0.25-0,36; p = 0,034-0,047; r = 0,5-0,7; M = Ca2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A = O2-; SO42-;

having a softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

sodium silicate Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2About62-76%

aluminium hydroxide
Crosslinking agent:aluminium oxide0,9-1,3%
2,5-5,1%
aluminum sulfate2,3-3,1%
silica gel or aerosol2,0-3,0%
Hardener:calcium oxide0,8-1,9%
zinc oxide2,0-2,6%
titanium dioxide1,0-1,3%
Filling:perlite2.5 and 3.4%
cut the fiberglass2,9-17%
Baking powder:the ammonium phosphateof 1.1-1.3%
urea1.7 to 9.7 per cent
Modifier:organic matter, total0,5-3,2%
including:dye0,02-0,3%
PAV0,4-3,0%

Surfactant is chosen from among: Quaternary ammonium salt, for example hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, triethanolamine, salt tri-ethanolamine with di-2-ethylhexylamine acid.

As the dye can be used: Red fat-soluble, Active purple, Cationic blue "On", Cationic red 2 "C"Cationic Golden yellow 2 "To"Cationic bright purple.

Good surfactants for the purposes of the present invention is also ethoxylated alkyl phenol (technical name Sintana OP with the number denoting the degree of oksietilirovannye).

Example 88. Prepare 1000 g of dry curing of the composition comprising components (g):

Al(OH)3252; Al2(SO4)3*N2About 80; And2About386; N2H4CO 80; Cao 65; expanded Perlite 329; Sintana OP - 10 4; Water 56.

Aluminum sulfate is dissolved in water and to the cold solution was added urea. Rapid dissolution of the cold. The solution thus is cooled. The resulting mixture was poured on perlite and mix thoroughly. Get dry to the touch powder. Add remaining ingredients and again mix thoroughly.

The resulting mixture was poured under stirring at 3500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O and then there is added 450 g of silica gel. Homogenize the mixture using a high speed stirrer.

Example 89. Get 1000 g of curing the composition of example 88 and homogenize it with 2000 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

To study the flame retardant properties of the composition was applied to the PUF samples for testing in the shaft furnace.

The coating thickness of 5 mm has translated the foam in the Flammability group G1.

Example 90. Get 1000 g of curing to the position in example 88 and homogenize it with a pre-prepared mixture of 1800 g of sodium silicate of Na 2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O and 18 g of triethanolamine.

Example 91. Prepare the 104.3 g of dry curing composition comprising the following components (g):

Al(OH)319,5; Al2(SO4)3*N2About 6,2; Al2About36,6; Silica gel 27; N2H4CO 6,2; NH4H2PO43,7; CaO 5; expanded Perlite 25,5; Sintana OP - 10 0,3; Water 4,3.

Aluminum sulfate is dissolved in water and to the cold solution was added urea. The resulting mixture was poured on perlite and mix thoroughly. Get dry to the touch powder. Add remaining ingredients and again mix thoroughly.

The resulting composition is homogenized with 139 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Table 40

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of oxide, hydroxide and sulfate, aluminum, hardened calcium oxide.

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3Silica gelperliteNH4PO4H2UreaCaOPAVWater
8871%1,6%5,1%1,7%6,6%1,0%1,6%1,3%0,1%1,1%
8967%2,7%8,4%2,9%0,0%11%1,6%2,7%2,2%0,1%1,9%
9064%2,8%8,9%3,1%0,0%12%1,7%2,8%2,3%0,8%2,0%
9165%2,1%6,6%2,2%9,1%8,6%1,2%2,1%1,7%0,1%1,4%

Table 40 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
88Na2O*4,6SiO2*0,45Al2About3*0,04P2O5*0,so*7H2About
89Na2O*4,5SiO2*0,77Al2About3*0,R2About5*0,so*10H2About
90Na2O*4,7SiO2*0,86Al2About3*0,R2About5*0,caon2About
91Na2O*5SiO2*0,62Al2About3*0,R2O5*0,so*N20

p> Table 41.

Properties of silicates on the basis of on the basis of sulphate, oxide and hydroxide of aluminum, hardened calcium oxide.

ExampleSolubilityWater absorption %UD. weight ρ 20°g/cm3Frost resistance cyclesThe weathering of yearsThe loss of mass at 300°
887%50%0,65751,8*25,9%
898%68%0,42750,825%
900%6%1,0353130,8%
918%47%0,34260,925,9%

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2About3*pP2About5*rMA*mH2Oh, where k = 4,5-5,1; m = 7-12; n = 0,44 is 0.86; p = being 0.036-0,07; r = 0,2-0,39; M = CA2+; = O2-; SO42-;

having a softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

td align="center"> sodium silicate
Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2About64-71%
Crosslinking agent:aluminium oxideof 1.7-3.1%
aluminium hydroxide5,1-8,9%
aluminum sulfate1,6-2,8%
silica gel idiaeresis0,0-9,1%
Hardener:calcium oxide1.3 to 2.3%
Filling:perlite6,6-12%
Baking powder:the ammonium phosphate1,0-1,7%
urea1,6-2,8%
Modifier:PAV0,1-0,8%

As the use of surfactants ethoxylated alkyl phenol: Sintana OP.

Example 92. Prepare 1000 g of dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3125; Al2(SO4)3*N2About 125; Al2O356; ZnO 100; TiO265; Aerosil 19; Silica gel 81; NH4H2PO450; CA(Oh)2 26; expanded Perlite 125; Urea 75; Water 99; fiberglass 55;

and mix it with 1500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 93. 1000 g of dry curing composition according to example 92 mixed with a solution of 25 g of triethanolamine in 150 g of sodium silicate of Na 2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 94. 190 g of dry curing composition according to example 92 mixed with a solution of 4 g of triethanolamine in 416 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 95. 1000 g of dry curing composition according to example 92 mixed with 2100 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2About 200 g of trioleate glycerin.

Example 96. 1000 g of dry curing composition according to example 92 mixed with 1710 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oh and 171 g of a mixture of hexamethyldisilazane and tea in the ratio of 5:1.

Example 97. 190 g of dry curing composition according to example 92 mixed with 0.2 g of pigment Yellow lightfast and 390 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 98. 200 g dry curing composition according to example 92 mixed with 0.1 g of brilliant green and 420 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 99. 300 g of dry curing composition according to example 92 mixed with 600 g of a composition consisting of (g):

sodium silicate Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2About494
NGL - 1129,9
Urea18
water53,2
CuSO4*7H2About;0,9
Oxopropylidene of tea2,9
Katamin0,3
Borax0,8

Example 100. To 200 g of dry curing composition according to example 92 add 0.1 g of cationic blue "On" and 19 g of hydrated aluminum chloride. The resulting concentrate is mixed with 550 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 101. 116 g of dry curing composition according to example 92 mixed with 363 g of a composition consisting of (g):

sodium silicate Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2About234,0
NGL - 11116,0
water1,2
CuSO4*7H2About0,5
Ethoxylated, tea;8,7
Katamin AB1,4
Triethanolamine1,2

Table 42

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of oxide, hydroxide and sulfate, aluminum, hardened oxides of calcium, zinc and titanium.

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3Silica gelperliteNH 4PO4H2UreaCa(OH)2ZnOTi2AerosilPAVWaterdyeCut the fiberglassAlCl3*6H2O
9260%5,0%5,0%2,2%3,2%5,0%2,0%3,0%1,0%4,0%2,6%0,8%0,0%4,0%2,2%
9359%5,0%5,0%2,2%3,2%5,0%2,0%3,0%1,0%4,0%2,6%0,8%1,0%3,9%2,2%
9468%3,9%3,9%1,7%2,5%3,9%1,6%2,3%0,8%3,1%2,0%0,6%0,7%3,1%1,7%
9564%3,8%3,8%1,7% 2,5%3,8%1,5%2,3%0,8%3,0%2,0%0,6%6,1%3,0%1,7%
9659%4,3%4,3%1,9%2,8%4,3%1,7%2,6%0,9%3,5%2,3%0,7%5,9%3,4%1,9%
9766%4,2%4,2%1,9%2,8%4,2%1,7%2,5%0,8%3,4%2,2%0,6%0,0%3,4%1,9%
9868%4,0%4,0%1,8%2,6%4,0%1,6%2,4%0,8%3,2%2,1%0,6%0,0%3,2%1,8%
9955%4,2%4,2%1,9%2,7%4,2%1.7 percent/td> 4,5%0,8%3,3%2,2%0,6%1,5%11%0,2%1,8%
9962%4,7%4,7%2,1%3,0%4,7%1,9%5,1%0,9%3,8%2,4%0,7%1,7%0,2%2,1%
BV
10072%3,3%3,3%1,4%2,1%3,3%1,3%2,0%0,7%2,6%1,7%0,5%0,0%2,6%1,4%2,5%
10149%3,0%3,0%1,4%2,0%3,0%1,2%1,8% 0,6%2,4%1,6%0,5%3,9%25%0,1%1,3%
BW65%4,1%4,1%1,8%2,6%4,1%1,6%2,4%0,8%3,2%2,1%0,6%5,2%0,1%1,8%

Table 42 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
92Na2O*4,2SiO2*0,6Al2O3*0,09P2O5*0,18CaO*0,49ZnO*0,33TiO2*7H2O
93Na2O*4,2SiO2*0,6Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,18CaO*0,49ZnO*0,33TiO2*9H2O
94Na2O*3,75SiO2*0,4Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,12CaO*0,34ZnO*0,22TiO2*3,5H2O
95Na2O*3,8SiO2*0,44Al2About3*0,R2O5*0,so*0,35ZnO*0,23TiO2*6H2O
96Na2O*4SiO2*0,54Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,so*0,43ZnO*0,28TiO2*4H2O
97Na2O*3, 9SiO2*0,47Al2O3*0,07P2Osub> 5*0,14CaO*0,38ZnO*0,25TiO2*4,5H2O

98Na2O*3,8SiO2*0,44Al2O3*0,R2About5*0,so*0,35ZnO*0,23TiO2*3,5H2O
99Na2O*4SiO2*0,5Al2O3a*0,08P2O5*0,16CaO*0,45ZnO*0,3TiO2*7H2About
100Na2O*3,6SiO2*0,38Al2O3*0,05P2O5*0,so*0,27ZnO*0,18TiO2*5H2O
101Na2O*3,8SiO2*0,46Al2O3*0,R2About5*0,13CaO*0,37ZnO*0,24TiO2*3,5H2O

Table 43.

Properties of silicates on the basis of on the basis of sulphate, oxide and hydroxide of aluminum, hardened oxides of calcium, zinc and titanium.

ExampleSolubility %Water

absorption %
UD. weight

ρ 20°g/cm3
Frost resistance cyclesThe weathering of yearsThe loss of mass at 300°The mass loss at 1000°Combustibilityshrinkage during drying
920%25%1,0150125%NG%
930%25%150125%NG5%
940%23%0,88540,316,7%23%NG4%
954%14%1,00520,525,9%33%G15%
960%17%1,01520,316,7%G10%
9710%32%0,93600,420,0%NG5%
9833%30%0,91661,225%NG6%
990%26%0,9852I*16,7%28%G10%
10036%56%0,89551,125%NG 5%
1018%45%0,85221,216,7%30%G10%

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2About3*pP2O5*rMA*mH2O, where k = 3,75-4,15; m = 3,5-9; n = 0,42-0.62; p = 0,05-0,87; r = 0,54-0,95; M = Ca2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A = O2-; Cl-; SO42-; the softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

Sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2About59-72%
Crosslinking agent:aluminium oxide1,4-2,2%
aluminium hydroxide3-5%
aluminum sulfate3-5%
aluminium chlorideup to 2.5%
silica gel and/or Aerosil2,5-4%

Hardener:calcium hydroxide0,6-1,0%
zinc oxidethe 2.4-4%
1,6-2,6%
Filling:perlite3-5%
cut the fiberglass1,3-2,2%
Baking powder:the ammonium phosphate1,2-2%
urea1,8-5,1%
Modifier:PAV0,0-6,1%
including:dye0,01-0,02%

where surfactants are selected from classes of compounds: salts of Quaternary ammonium compounds, such as Katanin AB, triethanolamine, and mixtures thereof with hexamethyldisilazane, ethoxylated or oxypropylated triethanolamine, Triolet glycerin, NGL-11, and as a dye used: brilliant green, yellow light, copper complex with oxyalkylene the triethanolamine.

Example 102. Prepare 1000 g of curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3129; Al2(SO4)3*N2About 64; Al2About335; ZnO 35; TiO234; Aerosil 41; NH4H2PO441; CaO 47; expanded Perlite 77; Urea 77; Water 329; cut glass 47; triethanolamine 20; dibutylthiourea acid 11; talc 62;

The resulting composition is mixed with 2000 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 103. 1000 g of dry curing whom is osili for example 102 is mixed with 2100 g of sodium silicate of Na 2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 104. 1000 g of dry curing composition according to example 102 is mixed with 2440 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 105. Prepare 1000 g of curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3129; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 64; And2About335; ZnO 35; TiO234; Aerosil 41; NH4H2PO441; CaO 47; expanded Perlite 77; Urea 77; Water 329; cut glass 47; triethanolamine 20; dibutylthiourea acid 11; talc 62;

The resulting composition is mixed with 2500 g of sodium silicate

Na2O*2,9SiO2*20N2O and 2 g of the dye brilliant green (oxalate tetraethyl-4,4'-diamino-triphenylmethane).

Example 106. Select 125 g dry curing of the composition described in example 75 and using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 370 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2Oh, by adding an additional 20 g TEUDAT, a solution of 24 g of urea in 36 g of water and 20 g of cut glass yarns.

Example 107. Prepare 1295 g of curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)3115; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 58; Al2About331; ZnO 31; TiO230; Aerosil 37; NH4H2PO437; CaO 42; expanded Perlite 466; Urea 69; Water 295; triethanolamine 18; dibutylthiourea acid, 10; talc 56. The resulting composition is mixed with 2775 g C the ikat Na 2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 108. Prepare 1736 curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)399; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 49; AlO327; ZnO 27; TiO226; Silica gel 484; Aerosil 31; NH4H2PO430; CaO 36; expanded Perlite 59;

Urea 59; Water 736; triethanolamine 16; dibutylthiourea acid 9; talc 48;

The resulting composition is mixed with 2198 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Table 44

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of oxide, hydroxide and sulfate, aluminum, hardened oxides of calcium, zinc and titanium.

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3AerosilPerliteNH4PO4H2UreaCaOZnOTiO2TalcPAVWaterDyeSilica gel
10267%2,1%4,3%1,2%1,4%2,6%1,4%2,6%1,5%1,2%1,1%2,1% 1,0%11%
10368%2,1%4,2%1,1%1,3%2,5%1,3%2,5%1,5%1,1%1,1%2,0%1,0%11%
10471%1,9%3,8%1,0%1,2%2,2%1,2%2,2%1,4%1,0%1,0%1,8%0,9%9,5%
10571%1,8%3,7%1,0%1,2%2,2%1,2%2,2%1,3%1,0%1,0%1,8%0,9%9,4%0,1%
10674%3,2%3,2%1,3%3,2%1,3%1,9%1,9%2,6%1,3%1,0%3%2,6%
10768%1,4%2,8%0,8%0,9% 11%0,9%1,7%1,0%0,8%0,7%1,4%0,7%to 7.2%
10856%1,2%2,5%0,7%0,8%1,5%0,8%1,5%0,9%0,7%0,7%1,2%0,6%19%

Recipes without taking into account the dilution water

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3AerosilPerliteNH4PO4H2UreaCaOZnOTiO2TalcPAVWaterDyeSilica gel
10275%2,4%4,8%1,3%1,6%2,9%1,6%2,9%1,7%1,3%1,2%2,4%1,1%
10376 2,4%4,7%1,2%1,5%2,8%1,5%2,8%1,7%1,2%1,2%2,2%1,1%
10478%2,1%4,2%1,1%1,3%2,4%1,3%2,4%1,5%1,1%1,1%2,0%1,0%
10578%2,0%4,1%1,1%1,3%2,4%1,3%2,4%1,4%1,1%1,1%2,0%1,0%0,1%
10676%3,3%3,3%1,3%0,0%3,3%1,3%2,0%2,0%2,7%1,3%1,0%2,7%
10773%1,5%3,0%0,9%1,0%12%1,0%1,8%1,1%0,9%08% 1,5%0,8%
10869%1,5%3,1%0,9%1,0%1,9%1,0%1,9%1,1%0,9%0,9%1,5%0,7%

Table 44 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
102Na2O*3,5SiO2*0,4Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,so*0,13ZnO*0,13TiO2*5H2O
103Na2O*3,5SiO2*0,4Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,so*0,12ZnO*0,12TiO2*6H2O
104Na2O*3,4SiO2*0,3Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,2CaO*0,1ZnO*0,1TiO2*3,5H2O
105Na2O*3,3SiO2*0,3Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,so*0,1ZnO*0,lTiO2*6H2O
106Na2O*3,55SiO2*0,3Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,so*0,26ZnO*0,13TiO2*4H2O
107Na2O*4,7SiO2*0,25Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,16CaO*0,08ZnO*0,08TiO2*12H2O
108 Na2O*4,6SiO2*0,27Al2O3*0,04P2O5*0,18CaO*0,09ZnO*0,09TiO2*8H2About

Table 45.

Properties of silicates on the basis of on the basis of sulphate, oxide and hydroxide of aluminum, hardened oxides of calcium, zinc and titanium.

ExampleSolubility %Water

absorption %
UD. weight

ρ 20°g/cm3
Frost resistance cyclesResistance

years
Combustibility
10214%25%1,23641,2*NG
10313%43%1,03660,6NG
10416%26%1,32530,15NG
10515%27%1,15601,2*NG
10617%40%0,71451G1
1071%29%0,81550,9NG
1080%18% 1,09571,1NG

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2O3*pP2O5*rMA*mH2O, where k = 3,3-4,6; m = 3,5-12; n = 0.25 to 0.4; p = 0,04-0,05; r = 0.32-0,66; M = Ca2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A = O2-; SO42-; having a softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°C.

The composition may contain a large proportion of Tripoli.

Example 109. Select 33 g dry curing of the composition described in example 75, and add it to 42 g of glass yarns, 110 g of Tripoli, 30 g of perlite and pre-mixed 3 g of tea and 7 g of DAP. Using high-speed stirrers this song homogenized with 437 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 110. Prepare 1000 g of dry curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al(OH)3125; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 125;2About356; ZnO 100; TiO265; Aerosil 19; Silica gel 81; NH4H2PO450; CA(Oh)226; expanded Perlite 125; Urea 75; Water 99; fiberglass 55;

The resulting composition is mixed with 2275 g Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O and 455 g of Tripoli.

Table 46

Compositions on the basis of Tripoli, forming a water-resistant binder.

Por what measures Na2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3Silica AerosilperliteNH4PO4H2UreaCaOZnOTiO2PAVWaterCut the fiberglassTripoli
10958%0,6%0,6%0,2%0,5%4,5%0,2%0,3%0,3%0,5%0,2%1,3%12,4%5,6%14,6%
11061%3,4%3,4%1,5%2,7%3,4%1,3%2,0%0,7%2,7%1,7%2,7%1,5%12,2%

Compositions on the basis of Tripoli without taking into account the dilution water

ExampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3Silica gel, AereiperliteNH 4PO4H2UreaCaOZnOTiO2PAVwaterCut the fiberglass
10966%0,7%0,7%0,2%0,6%5,1%0,2%0,3%0,3%0,6%0,2%1,5%6,4%16,7%
11063%3,5%3,5%1,5%2,8%3,5%1,3%2,1%0,7%2,8%1,7%1,5%12,5%

Table 46 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
109Na2O*5,3SiO2*0,07Al2O3*0,01R2O5*0,so*0,06ZnO*0,03TiO2*6H2O
110Na2O*5SiO2*0,4Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,so*0,32ZnO*0,21TiO2*6H2O

Table 47.

Properties of silicates with a high content of Tripoli

ExampleSolubility %Water absorption %UD. weight

3
Frost resistance cyclesThe weathering of yearsCombustibility
10916%30%0,94502NG
11023%48%1,36141,O*NG

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2O3*pP2O5*rMA*mH2O, where k = 5-5,3; m = 6; n = 0,07-0,4; p = 0,01-0,06; r = 0,15-0,63; M = CA2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A = O2-; SO42-;

having a softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O63-66%
Crosslinking agent:aluminium oxide0,2-1,5%
aluminium hydroxide0,7-3,5%
aluminum sulfate0,7-3,5%
silica gel or aerosol0,6-2,8%
Hardener:calcium oxide0,3-0,7%
0,6-2,8%
titanium dioxide0,2-1,7%
Filling:perlite3,5-5,1%
cut the fiberglass1,5-6,4%
Tripolithe 12,5 16,7%
Baking powder:the ammonium phosphate0,2-1,3%
urea0,3-2,1%
Modifier:PAVup to 1.5%

Introduction silicon can reduce the density of the finished binder.

Example 111. Prepare 1500 g of curing of the composition comprising components (g):

Al(OH)370; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 174; AlO370; ZnO 139; TiO270; Silica gel 139; NH4H2PO470; MgO 70; expanded Perlite 174; Powdered silicon 500; Cationic bright purple 24; the resulting composition is mixed with 4500 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 112. Prepare 250 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al(OH)322; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 22; Al2O310; ZnO 18; TiO2l2; Silica gel 15; Aerosil 3; Powdered silicon 90; NH4H2PO49; expanded Perlite 22; Cut glass 10;

The resulting composition is mixed with 50 g of sodium silicate of Na 2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 113. To 1000 g of dry curing composition according to example 102 is added 500 g of powdered silicon and 3000 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O.

Example 114. 1000 g of dry curing composition according to example 110 mixed with 105 g of powdered silicon and 2495 g of liquid silicate composition comprising (g):

sodium silicate Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O2457
water12,5
CuSO4*7H2O5
ethoxylated, tea8
The tea12,5

Table 48

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of oxide, hydroxide and aluminum sulfate with the addition of silicon.

tr>
exampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3Si(OH)4SiperliteNH4PO4H2UreaCaOZnOTiO2MgOModifierWatertalcCut the fiberglass
11175%2,9%1,2%1,2%2,3%8,3%2,9%1,2%2,3%1,2%1,2%0,4%
11267%2,9%2,9%1,3%2,4%12%2,9%1,2%1,6%0,7%2,4%1,6%1,3
11367%1,4%2,9%0,8%0,9%11,1%1,7%0,9%1,7%1,0%0,8%0,8%0,7%7,3%1,4%
11468%3,5%3,5%1,6%2,8%2,9%3,5%1,4%2,1%0,7%2,8%1,8%0,7%3,1%1,5

Recipes without taking into account the dilution water

exampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N2AboutAl2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3Si(OH)4SiperliteNH4PO4H2UreaCaOZnOTiO2MgOtalcCut the fiberglass
11372%1,5%3,1%0,8%1,0%12%1,8%1,0%1,8%1,1%0,8%0,8%0,7%1,5%
11470%3,6%3,6%1,6%2,9%3,0%3,6%1,4%2,1%0,7%2,9%1,9%0,7%1,6%

Table 48 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
111Na2O*5,9SiO2*0,2Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,23MgO*0,23ZnO*0,12TiO2*7H2O
112Na2O*7,4SiO2*0,33Al2O3*0,R2O5 0,so*0,26ZnO*0,18TiO2*12H2O
113Na2O*6,8SiO2*0,25Al2O3*0,03P2O5*0,17CaO*0,1ZnO*0,lTiO2*5H2O
114Na2O*4,6SiO2*0,38Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,so*0,3ZnO*0,2TiO2*8,5H2O

Table 49.

Properties of silicates on the basis of oxide, hydroxide and aluminum sulfate with the addition of silicon.

ActionSolubility %Water absorption %UD. weight

ρ 20°g/cm3
Frost resistance cyclesThe weathering of yearsLoss

mass at 300°
Combustibilityshrinkage during drying
1117%39%0,7670125%NG0%
1128%117%0,38731,325%NG0%
1130%22%0,93541,325%NG0%
1143%38%1,00190,5* 30,0%NG2%

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2O3*pP2O5*rMA*mH2Oh, where k = 4,58-7,42; m = 5-12; n = 0,19-0,38; p = being 0.036-0,053; r = 0,34-0,61; M = Ca2+; Mg2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A = O2-; SO42-; having a softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O66,6-75%
Crosslinking agent:aluminium oxideof 1.2-1.6%
aluminium hydroxide1,2-3,6%
aluminum sulfate1,5-3,6%
silica gel and/or Aerosil1,0-2,9%
Hardener:calcium oxide or magnesium0,7-1,2%
zinc oxide0,8-2,9%
titanium dioxide0,8-1,9%
Filling:perlite1,8-3,6%
cut the fiberglassto 1.3-1.5%
Baking powder: the ammonium phosphate1,0-1,4%
urea1,6-2,1%

Modifier:organicsubstance0,4-0,7%

where the dye: cationic bright purple or copper complex with the ethoxylated triethanolamine; SAS: triethanolamine, ethoxylated triethanolamine, dibutylthiourea acid.

Additional stabilization of the aluminosilicates can be achieved by introducing into compositions for coating urea-formaldehyde resins.

Example 115. Prepare the 104.3 g of dry curing composition comprising the following components (g): Al(OH)322; ZnO 17,5; Al2(SO4)3*N2O 7; Al2About37,5; N2H4CO 7; NH4H2PO44,4; CaO 5,6; expanded Perlite 28,7; Sintana OP - 10 0,3; Water 4,9.

Al2(SO4)3*N2O is dissolved in water and to the cold solution was added urea. The resulting mixture was poured on perlite and mix thoroughly. Add the remaining components.

The resulting composition is homogenized with 210 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O and 52.4 g of urea-formaldehyde resin brand KF-MT.

Example 116. Prepare 330 g dry curing of the composition comprising components (g): Al2(SO )3*N2O 22; Al(OH)369,1; Al2About323,7; ZnO 54,9; Calcium oxide 17,7; NH4H2PO413,7; Urea 22; expanded Perlite 90,4; Sintana OP - 10 1,1; Water 15,4.

The resulting composition is mixed with 620 g of sodium silicate of Na2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O, and then add 140 g of urea-formaldehyde resin brand CFG.

Table 50

Composition, forming a water-resistant silicates on the basis of oxide, hydroxide and aluminum sulfate, stable urea-formaldehyde resin

exampleNa2O*3SiO2*20N20Al2(SO4)3*18H2OAl(OH)3Al2O3silica gelperliteNH4PO4H2UreaCaOZnOTiO2MgOPAVwaterKF

resin
11557,2%1,9%6,0%2,0%7,8%1,2%1,9%1,5%4,8%0,1%1,3%14,3%
11656,9%2,0%6,3% 2,2%8,3%1,3%2,0%1,6%5,0%0,1%1%12,8%

Table 50 (continued).

ExampleFormula aluminosilicate
115Na2O*4,2SiO2*0,6Al2O3*0,R2O5*0,so*0,61ZnO*8H2O
116Na2O*4,4SiO2*0,7Al2O3*0,06P2O5*0,3CaO*0,65ZnO*10H2O

Table 51.

Properties of silicates on the basis of oxide, hydroxide and aluminum sulfate, stable urea-formaldehyde resin.

ExampleSolubility %Water absorption %UD. weight

ρ 20°g/cm3
Frost resistance cyclesThe weathering of yearsThe loss of mass at 300°The mass loss at 1000°Combustibility
1159%22%0,90631,334,8%G1
1167%23%0,8575 121,7%G1

Thus, the obtained water-resistant silicates of the General formula Na2O*kSiO2*nAl2O3*pP2O5*rMA*mH2Oh,

where k = 4,2-4,4; m = 8-10; n = of 0.64 to 0.69; p = 0,055-0,059; r = 0,9-0,96;

M = Ca2+; Zn2+; A = O2-; SO42-;

having a softening temperature of more than 900°by curing at a temperature of 0-30°With the aqueous dispersion of the following components:

sodium silicateNa2O*2,9SiO2*20H2O56,9-57,2%
Crosslinking agent:aluminium oxideof 2.0-2.2 %
aluminium hydroxide6,0-6,3%
aluminum sulfate1,9-2,0%
Hardener:calcium oxidea 1.5-1.6%
zinc oxide4,8-5,0%
Filling:perlite7,8-8,3%
Baking powder:the ammonium phosphate1,2-1,3%
urea1,9-2,0%
Modifier:PAV0,1 %

contains additional urea-formaldehyde resin in the amount offrom 12.8 to 14.3%.

To further protect the outer layer from atmospheric influences and reduce moisture penetration in the amount of coverage it can be treated with water repellent or a polymer solution, such as waterproofing composition based chlorsulfuron-cell polyethylene or polyvinyl acetate emulsion. When the thickness of the protective layer of the polymer is 0.1-0.5 mm it provides waterproofing, but does not affect the fire retardant properties of aluminosilicate coating.

The composition of the present invention can be used for fire protection of metal (drawing) and its products: bearing metal, ventilation ducts, walling, etc. When dry it will bond metal and other building materials. The strength of adhesive-bonded joint gap exceeds 1 MPa. The composition also protects against fire wood and polymeric materials, including foams.

From plastering compositions according to examples 89,75, 41,17 were made of two-layer thermal insulation panel, the inner layer of which was polyurethane foam stamps 3-20 (TU 2254-245-05763441-99) thickness of 50 mm, and the outer - aluminosilicate of the present invention the thickness of 5-6 mm Panel in the form of samples of size 1000×200×50 mm were tested for soruces the ü GOST 30244-94 (shaft furnace). Found that the double-layer panel is labegorce (group G1), while the polyurethane foam without coating is easily combustible material (group G4). When the test floor was inflated and partially separates from the foam.

Table 52 shows the results of a study of the Flammability of such panels.

Table 52

A group definition of Flammability of polyurethane foam coated Silfor test Method: GOST 30244-94. Method II: Shaft furnace

The composition of

for example
m0(weight PPU)m1(mass polyurethane foam with cover)The weight of the dry coating (G/M2))m2after testingΔm gΔm %The temperature at the end of testdamage length %Self burningDepth buglianiI mm
89558226332921043%8020%OTC55
41550GS'3091983 %8027%OTC35
755482179 32493149 1003%8024%OTC55
175572184' 324131111304%8030%OTC155

Test of example 57 are provided in Annex 1 (test No. 1 - 48/C - 2002).

Determination of Flammability of the dried material was carried out according to GOST 30244-94 on cylindrical samples with a diameter of 50 mm in a tube furnace. The composition of the present invention and formed by them the coverage available under the trade name of SILFOR.

Sources of information

1. US pat. No. 3725095, NCI 106-75, 26.11.68 (op. 03.04.1973) Weidman V.W.,Yates P.S.

2. US pat. No. 3804650.

3. US pat. No. 3951667.

4. AC USSR №527408, 04 43/02.

5. Speaker of the USSR №542756, From 09 To 21/14 24.12.74. Kasymbekov S. Kaliev, Taubkin SR,Kolganova M.S.

6. Speaker of the USSR №610851, From 09 To 21/02 05.07.76. Gedeonov P.P. Laptev E.V., Savkin, NP and other

7. Speaker of the USSR №715607, From 09 To 21/02. Gedeonov P.P., Saveliev A. M., Ostapets SCI and other

8. Speaker of the USSR №850644, From 09 To 21/02. Gedeonov P.P., Ostapets V.F., Galkin LB, Bondarenko VG

9. Speaker of the USSR №854971, From 09 To 21/04 11.11.79. Gedeonov P.P., Ostapets V.F., Lapin A.I.

10. Speaker of the USSR №937403, 04 28/26 11.04.80. Agabekov NM..Slipchenko K. A.

11. Speaker of the USSR №945129, 04 28/26 21.05.80.

12. AC USSR №945130, 04 28/26 24.11.80.

13. Speaker of the USSR №1116027, With 24/32 04 18.07.83./p>

14. Speaker of the USSR №1180379, From 09 To 21/00 13.06.83. Gavrilenko the old Testament, Badalov E.A., and others

15. Speaker of the USSR №1377262, 04 28/26 30.01.85.

16. Speaker of the USSR №1413085, 04 28/26 03.04.86. Fokin A.V.,Sudakova V.N., Levichev A.N., and other

17. GOST 18958-73.

18. GWHO 1988, No. 1, 67-72 Agafonov GI, Korneyev V.

19. Proceedings of the LTI them. Lensoviet, 1971, No. 6, pp. 51-56.

20. Inch 1999, 44, No. 11, 1766-1776 Petrosyants S. p., Buslaev Y.A.

21. Speaker of the USSR №921223, C 07 C 87/16 from 01.04.80. Fokin A.V., Levichev A.N., Galakhov M.V. and other

22. Sobolevsky M.V., Azovskaya O.A., Popelova G.S. Properties and applications of silicone products. M.: Chemistry, 1975 - 296 S.

23. Tolstoguzov V.B. have been "Inorganic polymers", M., Izd-vo Nauka, 1967 - 192 C.

24. Smith Century, Bochkov A., Kapl R. Organic synthesis. Science and art. M.: Mir, 2001, - 573 S.

1. Water-resistant aluminosilicate having a softening temperature of more than 900°With the General formula Na2About·kSiO2·nAl2About3·pP2About5·rMA·mH2Oh, where k=3,25-11,5; m=3,5-12; n=0,05-2,7; p=0-0,1; r=0-3,5; M=K, and CA2+; Mg2+; Zn2+; 1/2Ti4+; A=Cl-About2-; SO42-;32-representing the product of the curing aqueous dispersion of components.

2. Aqueous dispersion of components to obtain water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1, including

1) sodium silicate of the General formula Na2O·xSiO2·yH2O, where x=2,9-3,1 and y=17-22;

2) a crosslinking agent from among dilaceration compounds of silicon and/or aluminum

3) and at least one of the following reagents: (a) a curing agent; (b) baking powder; (c) a filler; (d) modifier; in the following ratio, wt.% the total weight of the composition:

Sodium silicate31,7-83,8, preferably 58-75
Dilaceration connection
silicon0,05-39,2, preferably 10-15
Aluminum compounds0.4 to 26, preferably 5-8
The hardener0,4-19,9, preferably 3-8
Baking powder0,013 of 9.7
Filler1,9-33, preferably 5-15
Modifier0,01-6,3, preferably 0,35-0,75

3. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·mH2O,

where k=4,9-5,1; m=5-9; n=0,77-1,05,

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O66,6-67,7%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium hydroxide 7,0-9,5%
Silica gel or aerosol9,5-14,5%
Filler: kaolin10,8-14,3%

4. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·mH2O,

where k=4,9-5,52; m=a 5.1 and 10.3; n=0,77-of 1.05, p=0.0005-0,0514,

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·(2,9-3)SiO2·20H2O63,1-67,5%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium hydroxideof 7.1 and 8.1%
Silica gel or aerosol14.1 to 16.3 per cent
Filler: kaolin10,8-14,3%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphatefrom 0.01 to 1.3%

5. Water-resistant aluminosilicate with a softening temperature of more than 900°according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·PP2O5·rMO·mH2O,

where k=4,5-5,15; m=5,1-7; n=0,77-1,05; r=0,34-0,4; p=0,01-0,1; M=CA or Zn, obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·(2,9-3)SiO2·20H2Oa 59.8 68%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium hydroxide5,4-8,9%
Silica gel or aerosol10,3-14,5%
Filler: kaolin, sliced
fiberglass, ground sand11.8 to 20,2%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphateof 0.1-0.3%
Hardener: zinc oxide and/or calcium2,4-3,2%

6. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·mH2O·nAl2About3·rMO,

where k=4,9-9,1; m=7-10; n=0,55-0,7; r=1,1-1,5; M=CA,

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O59,5-64,3%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium hydroxide2.1 to 3%
Silicon powder9,2-14,5%
Filler: kaolin, sliced
fiberglass, Tripoli16,5-19,6%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphate and urea0,7-1,8%
Hardener: oxide or calcium hydroxide8,4-9%

7. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·mH2O·nAl2O3·rMO·MCO3,

where k=4,8-6,2; m=6-7; n=0,6-1,05; r=0,05-0,3; M=CA,

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O60%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium hydroxide1-10%
Silicon powder1-2%
Aluminum powder2-3%
Aerosil8-12%
Filler: Tripoli5-17%
Baking powder: urea0,9-1%
Curing agent: calcium chloride0.6 to 3%
Calcium carbonate3-5%
Modifier: alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride
(ketamin AB)0,5-1,2%

8. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·mH2O·nAl2O3·rZnO,

where k=4,1-4,2; m=5; n=0,05-2,9; r=1,40-1,45;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O60,8-52,6%
Crosslinking agent: aluminum oxide0.5 to 26%
Silica gelof 10.4 and 11.8%
Hardener: zinc oxide is of 10.4 and 11.8%
Filler: perlite0-14,3%
Modifier: dibenzo-18-crown-6of 0.5-0.7%

9. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·mH2O·nAl2O3·rZnO·tTiO2·sCaSO4,

where k=3,8-4,2; m=5-6; n=0,275-0,5; r=0,55-1; t=0,35-0,6; s=0,0-0,25;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O60,8-52,6%
Crosslinking agent: aluminum oxide2.8 to 5.3 per cent
Silica gel7,4-14%
Filler: perlite0-9,5%
Hardener: zinc oxide4,6-8,7%
Titanium dioxide2.8 to 5.3 per cent
Calcium sulfate0-3,6%
Modifier: dibenzo-18-crown-6of 0.5-0.7%

10. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·mH2O·nAl2O3·sCaSO4·rZnO,

where k=2,9; m=10-10,5; n=2,55-2,7; r=0-0,19; s=0,18;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O 2,9SiO2·20H2O80,4-83,8%
Crosslinking agent: Al2(SO2)2·18H2O5.1 to 5.4 percent
Aerosil0,03%
Hardener: zinc oxide0-2,2%
The calcium oxide1,4%
Filler: perliteof 3.0 to 5.8%
Baking powder: urea0,9-1%
The ammonium phosphate1,4-1,5%
Modifier: dibenzo-18-crown-616-4,8%

11. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·mH2O·nAl2O3·rCaO·sCaSO4where k=3,9-5,3; m=8-10; n=0,19-0,3; r=0,10-0,19; s=0,02;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O67-76 (in Russian), 7%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium sulphate0,4-0,7%
Silicon0,1-1,7%
Curing agent: calcium chloride1.4 to 2.5%
Filler: perlite0,9-1,6%
Cut the fiberglass0,4-0,7%
Tripoli4,1-17%
Kaolin5,6-9,9%
Baking powder: urea0,6-1,0%
The ammonium phosphate1,1-1,8%
Modifier: di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid0,1-0,2%
The potassium methyl siliconate (NGL-11)of 0.3-0.4%
Triethanolamineof 0.2-0.3%
Brilliant green0,1%

12. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·pP2O5·nAl2O3·rMA·mH2O,

where k=5,3; m=8; n=0,2; p=0.07; r=1,4-1,5; M=CA2+; Mg2+; A=O2-; SO42-;32-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2Oa 59.8 64.3 per cent
Crosslinking agent: aluminium sulphate2-2,1%
Aluminium hydroxide2,7-2,9%
Silica gelof 0.6-0.7%
Curing agent: magnesium chloride13,8%
Calcium sulfate19,9%
Dolomite18,1%
Filler: perlitea 13.3-14.3 per cent
Baking powder: urea0,2%
Phosphate Ammon is I of 1.5-1.7%
Modifier: Sintana OP-101,4%

13. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O, where k=3,25-4,35; m=5-9; n=0.1 to 0.3; p=0,025-0,075; r=0,65-3,5; M=Ca2+; Mg2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A=O2-; SO42-;32-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O54,9-76,6%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium sulphate0,9-2,4%
Aluminium hydroxide1,4-3,4%
Silica gel1,0-2,4%
Curing agent: magnesium oxide0,4-0,9%
The calcium oxide0,3-0,7%
Zinc oxide1,0-2,4%
Titanium dioxideof 0.5 to 1.4%
Dolomite (caso3·MgCO3or chalk0,0-30,4%
Filler: perlite1,3-3,4%
Cut the fiberglass0,0-7,9%
Baking powder: urea0,0-6,0%
The ammonium phosphateof 0.5 to 1.4%
Modifier: org the technical substance 0.07 to 0.32 per cent
Including: dyes,
select from the list:
cationic red 2"C"
red fat-soluble0,07-0,2%
Surfactant selected from the list:
hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide,
pyrocatechin, potassium methyl siliconate (NGL 11)0,0-0,4%

14. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O, where k=3,4-10; m=8-10; n=0,66-3,4; p=0.03 r=0,8-1,5; M=CA2+;=O2-; SO42-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O54,7-67,6%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium sulphateof 0.3-0.9%
Aluminium hydroxide2,3-3,5%
Silicon0,0-1,5%
Curing agent: calcium oxide0,4-0,9%
Filler: kaolin12,8-17,4%
Cut the fiberglassof 0.3-0.8%
Tripoliof 5.2%to 6.9%
Baking powder: urea0.6 to 1.4%
The ammonium phosphate0,0-0,7%
Modifier: organic matter, total0,35-5,46%
Including: dyes
select from the list: direct green
permanent 2"ZHU",
brilliant greenfrom 0.01 to 0.53%
Surfactant selected from the list:
triethanolamine; di-2-ethylhexylphthalate
acid; Triolet glycerin, pyrocatechin,
the potassium methyl siliconate (NGL 11)0,21-of 5.45%

15. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O, where k=4,6-4,8; m=5-6; n=0.5 to 0.6; p=0.01 to 0.08; r=0,35-0,39; M=Ca2+; Zn2+; A=O2-; SO42-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion including:

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O64,9-65,9%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium sulphate1,0-3,2%
Aluminium hydroxideof 5.1 to 5.7%
Aerosil9,9-11,0%
Hardener: zinc oxideof 1.6-1.8%
Calcium hydroxide1,1-1,5%
Filler: perlite5,0-5,6%
Cut the fiberglass0,0-0,3%
Phlogopite0,0-0,3%
Kaolin5,9-6,3%
Baking powder: urea0,0-1,5%
The ammonium phosphateof 0.3-2.0%

16. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·rMA·mH2O, where k=4,0-4,9; m=5-6; n=0,2-0,4; r=0.32 to 0.63; M=CA2+;=O2-; Cl-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion including:

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O60-75%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxidewith 2.3-3.9%
Aluminium hydroxide0,3-0,5%
Tripoli5,6-9,1%
Curing agent: calcium chloride0,4-0,7%
Calcium oxide1,9-3,2%
Filler: perlitea 4.3-9,4%
Cut the fiberglass2,5-4,2%
Baking powder urea 2,4-4,0%
Modifier: organic matter, total1,34-1,93%
Including: dye (cationic blue "On")0,21-0,35%
Surfactants and surfactant is a mixture of:
triethanolamine; di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid;
pyrocatechin, sintana OP-10 ratio
(h) 4:2:1:4 or 4:4:2:8, respectively1,13-1,58%

17. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·rMA·mH2O, where k=4,25-7,1; m=7-11; r=0,1-0,7; r=0,13-0,31; M=CA2+;=O2-; CI-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion including:

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O47,3-68,6%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxide0,7-2,2%
Aluminium hydroxideof 0.1-0.3%
Ethyl silicate liquid8,6-39,2%
Tripoli1,6-5,5%
Curing agent: calcium chlorideof 0.1-0.4%
Calcium oxide0,5-1,8%
Filler: perlite3,4-11%
Cut the fiberglass0,7-2,4%
Baking powder: ureaof 0.7 to 2.3%
Modifier: organic matter, totalof 0.33 and 1.1%
Including: dye (cationic blue "On")0,06-0,2%
PAV0,27-0,9%

Surfactant is a mixture of: triethanolamine; di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid;

pyrocatechin, sintana OP-10 ratio, o'clock, 4:4:2:8, respectively.

18. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O, where k=4,4-11,5; m=3,5-8; n=1,1-1,7; p=0.05 to 0.15; r=0,33-0,8; M=Ca2+; Mg2+;+;=O2-;32-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·3,1SiO2·17H2O31,7-66,7%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxidewith 2.3-3.9%
Aluminium hydroxide0,3-0,5%
Aerosil3,1-4,9%
Tripoli1,6-2,6%
Curing agent: calcium carbonate0,4-0,7%
Magnesium oxide1,9-3,2%
Potassium phosphate0.5 to 3.9 per cent
Filler: perlite2,9-3,3%
The sandup to 33%
Kaolin6,2-or 10.3%
Cut the fiberglassto 1.1%
Baking powder: ureato 4.7%
The ammonium phosphate0,9-1,5%
Modifier: organic matter, total0,2-0,8%
including: dye selected from types:
blue phtalocyanines, cationic
Golden-yellow0,21-0,35%
Surfactant (HUC 11 or a mixture) where the mixture:
triethanolamine: ethoxylated triethanolamine
in the ratio, o'clock, 10:6, respectively0,5-0,8%

19. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O,

where k=the 4.9 to 11.4; m=5.5 to 11; n=0,9-1,2; p=0,02-0,04; r=0,09-0,25; M=CA2+; Mg2+, A=O2+; Cl; CO32-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O52,5-66,7%
Cross-linking Agay is t: aluminium oxide from 0.3 to 5.2%
Aluminium hydroxide5,7-7,9%
Tripolifrom 0.9 to 5.2%
Aerosilthe 10.1 to 10.7%
Silicon15.4%
Ethyl silicate ETS-40To 5.2%
Curing agent: magnesium chloride0.1%
Calcium oxide0.4 to 1.1%
Calcium carbonate0.2%
Filler: perlite0,9-1,1%
Kaolin5.2 to 10.4 percent
Baking powder: urea0,1-0,7%
The ammonium phosphate0,5-0,8%
Modifier: organic matter, totalTo 2.1%
including: dye (cationic blue "On")To 0.04%
Surfactant (hexamethyldisilazane)To 2.1%

20. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O, where k=3,5-4; m=6; n=0,23-0,35; p=0,034-0,075; r=0,69 to 1.5; M=Ca2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A=O2-; SO42-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2 O61-80%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxide1,1-2,0%
Aluminium hydroxide2.0 to 3.3%
Aluminum sulfate2,6-5,1%
Silica gel2,1 to 4,1%
Curing agent: calcium oxidethe 1.6-2%
Zinc oxide2,1 to 4,1%
Titanium dioxide1,1-2,0%
Magnesium oxideUp to 2%
Filler: perlite2,6-3,3%
VermiculiteTo 3.2%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphate1,1-2,0%
Urea1,6-8,5%
Modifier: triethanolamine, dialkylphosphinate
acid dye "Active green JW"To 6.3%

21. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O,

where k=3,4-3,6; m=5-6; n=0.25-0,36; p=0,034-0,047; r=0,5-0,7; M=CA2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A=O2-; SO42-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O62-76%/td>
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxide0,9-1,3%
Aluminium hydroxide2,5-5,1%
Aluminum sulfate2,3-3,1%
Silica gel or aerosol2,0-3,0%
Curing agent: calcium oxide0,8-1,9%
Zinc oxide2,0-2,6%
Titanium dioxide1,0-1,3%
Filler: perlite2.5 and 3.4%
Cut the fiberglass2,9-17%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphateof 1.1-1.3%
Urea1.7 to 9.7 per cent
Modifier: organic matter, total0,5-3,2%
Including: dye0,02-0,3%
PAV0,4-3,0%

where surfactants are selected from classes of compounds: salts of Quaternary ammonium compounds, for example, hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, triethanolamine, triethanolamine salt with di-2-ethylhexylamine acid, and the dye used: red fat-soluble, active purple, cationic blue "On", cationic red 2 "C"cationic Golden yellow 2 "To"cationic bright purple.

22. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2 O5·rMA·mH2O,

where k=4,5-5,1; m=7-12; n=0,44 is 0.86; p=being 0.036-0,07; r=0,2-0,39; M=CA2+;=O2-; SO42-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O64-71%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxideof 1.7-3.1%
Aluminium hydroxide5,1-8,9%
Aluminum sulfate1,6-2,8%
Silica gel or aerosol0,0-9,1%
Curing agent: calcium oxide1.3 to 2.3%
Filler: perlite6,6-12%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphate1,0-1,7%
Urea1,6-2,8%
Modifier: surfactants, where as
Surfactant use ethoxylated alkyl phenol:
Sintana OP-100,1-0,8%

23. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O, where k=3,75-4,15; m=3,5-9; n=0,42-0.62; p=0,05-0,87; r=0,54-0,95; M=CA2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A=O2-; Cl-; SO42-;

obtained by curing the same variance, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O59-72%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxide1,4-2,2%
Aluminium hydroxide3-5%
Aluminum sulfate3-5%
Aluminium chlorideup to 2.5%
Silica gel and/or Aerosil2,5-4%
Curing agent: calcium hydroxide0,6-1,0%
Zinc oxidethe 2.4-4%
Titanium dioxide1,6-2,6%
Filler: perlite3-5%
Cut the fiberglass1,3-2,2%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphate1,2-2%
Urea1,8-5,1%
Modifier: PAV0,0-6,1%
Including: dye0,01-0,02%

where surfactants are selected from classes of compounds: salts of Quaternary ammonium compounds, for example, Katamin AB, triethanolamine, and mixtures thereof with hexamethyldisilazane, ethoxylated or oxypropylated triethanolamine, Triolet glycerin, NGL-11, and as a dye used: brilliant green, yellow light, copper complex with oxyalkylation.

24. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O, where k=3,3-4,6; m=3,5-12; n=0.25 to 0.4; p=0,04-0,05; r=0.32-0,66; M=CA2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A=O2-; SO42-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O69-78%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxide0,9-1,3%
Aluminium hydroxidefrom 3.0 to 4.8%
Aluminum sulfate1.5 and 2.4%
Silica gel or aerosol1,0-2,7%
Curing agent: calcium oxide1,1-2,0%
Zinc oxide0,9-2,7%
Titanium dioxideof 0.8-1.3%
Filler: perlite1,9-12%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphate1,0-1,6%
Urea1,8-2,9%

25. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O,

where k=5-5,3; m=6; n=0,07-0,4; p=0,01-0,06; r=0,15-0,63; M=CA2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A=O2-; SO42-;

the obtained p and curing water dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O63-66%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxide0,2-1,5%
Aluminium hydroxide0,7-3,5%
Aluminum sulfate0,7-3,5%
Silica gel or aerosol0,6-2,8%
Curing agent: calcium oxide0,3-0,7%
Zinc oxide0,6-2,8%
Titanium dioxide0,2-1,7%
Filler: perlite3,5-5,1%
Cut the fiberglass1,5-6,4%
Tripolithe 12,5 16,7%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphate0,2-1,3%
Urea0,3-2,1%
Modifier: surfactants (triethanolamine, di-2-ethylhexylphthalate acid)Up to 1.5%

26. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O, where k=4,58-7,42; m=5-12; n=0,19-0,38; p=being 0.036-0,053; r=0,34-0,61; M=CA2+; Mg2+; Zn2+; Ti4+; A=O2-; SO42-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion, including

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O66,6-75%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxideof 1.2-1.6%
Aluminium hydroxide1,2-3,6%
Aluminum sulfate1,5-3,6%
Silica gel and/or Aerosil1,0-2,9%
Curing agent: calcium oxide or magnesium0,7-1,2%
Zinc oxide0,8-2,9%
Titanium dioxide0,8-1,9%
Filler: perlite1,8-3,6%
Cut the fiberglassto 1.3-1.5%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphate1,0-1,4%
Urea1,6-2,1%
Modifier: organic matter, total0,4-0,7%

where the dye: cationic bright purple or copper complex with the ethoxylated triethanolamine; SAS: triethanolamine, ethoxylated triethanolamine, dibutylthiourea acid.

27. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1 of General formula Na2O·kSiO2·nAl2O3·pP2O5·rMA·mH2O, where k=4,2-4,4; m=8-10; n=of 0.64 to 0.69; p=0,055-0,059; r=0,9-0,96; M=CA2+; Zn2+; A=O2-; SO42-;

obtained by curing the aqueous dispersion including the soup:

Sodium silicate Na2O·2,9SiO2·20H2O56,9-57,2%
Crosslinking agent: aluminium oxideof 2.0-2.2%
Aluminium hydroxide6,0-6,3%
Aluminum sulfate1,9-2,0%
Curing agent: calcium oxidea 1.5-1.6%
Zinc oxide4,8-5,0%
Filler: perlite7,8-8,3%
Baking powder: ammonium phosphate1,2-1,3%
Urea1,9-2,0%
Modifier: surfactants (ethoxylated alkyl phenol)0,1%

contains additional urea-formaldehyde resin in the amount of from 12.8 to 14.3%.

28. Water-resistant aluminosilicate according to claim 1, obtained by curing, including drying, aqueous dispersion of components according to any one of p-27 at a temperature of 0-30°With, as a fire retardant coating.



 

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FIELD: process and equipment for producing of aluminosilicate microspheres.

SUBSTANCE: method involves separating aluminosilicate microspheres from ash and slag wastes by submerging said wastes into liquid; collecting aluminosilicate microspheres from liquid surface and drying in two stages: first drying stage involving holding of aluminosilicate microspheres at temperature of at least 2 C until residual moisture content of microspheres is below 30%, and second drying stage involving heating of aluminosilicate microspheres to temperature of 100-300 C in drum-type furnace by direct contacting of aluminosilicate microspheres with drum surface heated by means of external heating source until relative moisture content of microspheres is less than 3%. Furnace for drying of dispersed materials comprises drying chamber having inlet and outlet and made in the form of cylindrical drum mounted for rotation around its axis. Drying chamber inlet is equipped with device for feeding of material to be dried therein, and outlet is equipped with device for removal of dried material therefrom. Axis of cylindrical drum is positioned at an angle to horizontal plane so that drying chamber inlet is arranged higher than its outlet. Cylindrical drum is mounted on two axially aligned shafts positioned for rotation around their axes and connected with drum. First shaft is disposed adjacent drying chamber inlet and second shaft is disposed adjacent drying chamber outlet and is made hollow. External heat source is arranged outside cylindrical drum so as to heat drum wall. Device for feeding material into drying chamber is formed as vibrating trough and device for removal of dried material from drying chamber is formed as screw mounted within second shaft.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of power, increased efficiency in drying of dispersed materials containing low weight particles, preferably hollow aluminosilicate microspheres, with increased extent of moisture removal, and provision for preventing microspheres from getting into atmosphere.

17 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: catalyst manufacture methods.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to preparing catalyst carriers for use in chemical industry. Mixture containing water, inorganic oxide source, and a compound capable of binding to inorganic oxide source through hydrogen bonds, is first prepared, then heated to moiling temperature of water to evaporate water and volatile organics, after which calcined at temperature above 300°C. Inorganic oxide source is chosen from tetraethyl ortho-silicate, fumigated silica, sodium silicate, and silica gel. Compound capable of binding to inorganic oxide source can be chosen from triethanolamine, sulfolan, tetraethylenepentamine, diethyl glycol dibenzoate, glycerol, diethyleneglycol, triethyleneglycol, and tetraethyleneglycol. Mixture may further contain an agent to form micropores, for example, quaternary ammonium salt and source of ions selected from the following groups of elements: IVAm IVB, VB, VIB, VIIB, VIII, IB, IIB, IIA, and IIA, as well as crystalline zeolite with particle size from 5 to 15000 nm. Inorganic oxide is characterized with BET surface area 50 to 1250 m2/g. Resulting oxide contains mesopores and micropores in amount 3 to 60% of the total pore volume. Summary volume of micro- and mesopores equals 0.3 to 2.2 ml/g. A part of micropores has crystalline structure.

EFFECT: optimized composition of carrier and preparation procedure.

21 cl, 11 dwg, 1 tbl, 8 ex

The invention relates to a method for producing pigment in white and can be used in the manufacture of paints, ceramics, rubber and plastic

The invention relates to a substance which emits radiation in the shortwave infrared region of the spectrum and anions, as well as to the method of manufacture of the substance

The invention relates to an improved method and device for the preparation of microgels of polyaluminosilicate low concentration, i.e

The invention relates to the chemistry and technology of silicates and aluminosilicates, which can be used as structural materials, heat and sound insulation materials

The invention relates to the field of chemistry and technology of silicate and products from them

The invention relates to chemical technology of inorganic materials, in particular the production of fibers made of aluminosilicate rocks
The invention relates to the field of materials science

The invention relates to a method for producing amorphous and micro/mesoporous aluminosilicate gel having a large surface area and controlled pore size

FIELD: catalyst manufacture methods.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to preparing catalyst carriers for use in chemical industry. Mixture containing water, inorganic oxide source, and a compound capable of binding to inorganic oxide source through hydrogen bonds, is first prepared, then heated to moiling temperature of water to evaporate water and volatile organics, after which calcined at temperature above 300°C. Inorganic oxide source is chosen from tetraethyl ortho-silicate, fumigated silica, sodium silicate, and silica gel. Compound capable of binding to inorganic oxide source can be chosen from triethanolamine, sulfolan, tetraethylenepentamine, diethyl glycol dibenzoate, glycerol, diethyleneglycol, triethyleneglycol, and tetraethyleneglycol. Mixture may further contain an agent to form micropores, for example, quaternary ammonium salt and source of ions selected from the following groups of elements: IVAm IVB, VB, VIB, VIIB, VIII, IB, IIB, IIA, and IIA, as well as crystalline zeolite with particle size from 5 to 15000 nm. Inorganic oxide is characterized with BET surface area 50 to 1250 m2/g. Resulting oxide contains mesopores and micropores in amount 3 to 60% of the total pore volume. Summary volume of micro- and mesopores equals 0.3 to 2.2 ml/g. A part of micropores has crystalline structure.

EFFECT: optimized composition of carrier and preparation procedure.

21 cl, 11 dwg, 1 tbl, 8 ex

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