Method of thermal conversion of solar power

FIELD: solar power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method is used for transforming sunbeam energy to thermal energy. Method is performed by means of sequent connection of solar beam concentrators. One of concentrators is composed of a field of local concentrators, which are built in heat-insulating lightproof material. The material embraces internal room of sunbeam-absorbing chamber. Built-in concentrators and sunbeam conductors have to be basically hollow truncated pyramids which have faces covered with beam-reflecting material. Bases of pyramids are closed by transparent heat-insulating material The second sunbeam concentrator has to be external one. Those concentrators preliminary have shape of truncated pyramid with faces covered with light-reflecting material. The third level of solar-beam pumping of sunbeam-absorbing chamber is created additionally due to creation of total filed of external sunbeam-reflecting surfaces in environment at different distances from sunbeam-absorbing chamber.

EFFECT: reduced cost of multistep pumping of solar power to sunbeam-absorbing chamber.

26 cl, 6 dwg

 

Now the present invention relates to the field of creation of power plants based on solar energy.

Known technical solutions in the field of solar energy conversion into thermal energy of the heated water, molten salts with a low melting point and moving air streams.

There are also known methods and technical options for their implementation, aimed at the production of electric energy by heating the dark surfaces of sunlight and then converting thermal energy in a high-speed airflow, which results in a rotation of microturbellarians that produces electrical energy.

These solutions complement each other useful technological methods, tools and devices, however, do not reveal ways to overcome existing up to the present time in this technical field defining a conflict situation. It consists of the following: as the amount of sunlight that enters a closed heat chamber for thermal conversion, the more, the higher the level of the latter, there is a strong tendency to increase with respect to the fixed sizes of thermal camera, the square translucent surfaces, however, and consequently who is astout through the latter and the heat loss to the environment, including convective-conductive and radiation heat losses from the inside, as well as the absorption and reflection of solar rays of the translucent surface.

As a result of this situation in solar collectors thermal energy, with transparent and insulating coatings, cannot consistently get the temperature of the heated working fluid, for example water, above 70°when the value of heat losses and reduced efficiency of the process to stop its growth, its value decreases rapidly with decreasing intensity of solar radiation.

A detailed summary and analysis of the results in this field of technology assessment of the achieved level and expectation of the perspectives presented in the monograph by D. Mac-Veiga "Application of solar energy", M: Energoizdat, 1981 (translated from English GA Guhman and S. Smirnov).

Also known solar method for the production of electricity, based on the transformation temperature of the heated water surface of the reservoir during periods of increased solar radiation) to heat the fluid as the working fluid with a low boiling point and evaporation, the flow of vapor of the working fluid in a steam turbine unit, with the participation of indirect air as the second working fluid in the process of energy transformations [see A.S. USSR №1495492 "Ocean power plant" F 03 G 7/04; F01 K 25/00, publ. 23.07.89].

This method allows you to obtain thermal energy necessary for consumers by temperature only through the receipt and thermal conversion of electric energy. The use of special fluids, such as esters, restricts, however, the use of this method.

There is a method of energy conversion of sunlight based on the principle of absorption of solar rays dark surface and transfer the received heat energy of the air environment [see also USSR №1416745 "Power plant" F 03 D 9/00, epubl; the application of Germany No. 3312977 "Solar wind" F 03 D 9/00, publ. in 1984, France application No. 22698682 "solar energy Collector high efficiency" F 24 J 2/16, 2/20, 2/48, epubl; A.S. USSR №1625999 F 24 J 2/42" solar engine", epubl]. Technical solutions described in the above patent materials, as well as additional, well-known authors of this present invention from other sources of patent and scientific and technical information in a variety of technological options, and using different devices provide the same type of primary process of conversion of solar energy through solar rays on dark heliopause surface through the translucent teplota yousie coverage. Using the latter, together with heliopause surfaces form a closed space, ultimately each of them - in the form of a thermal camera, where and produce heat water or air for the purpose of their further use in a warm or hot. Characteristic for all these technical solutions is that translucent coating of thermal cameras is performed using glass, one - row and two-glazing, or polymer films, which do not provide enough high-quality thermal insulation. The increase in the thickness and number of rows of translucent insulating material leads to increased loss of radiation energy input in the heating chamber by means of a corresponding increase in the reflection and absorption of the rays. It is therefore not achieved significant limits energy loss (heat loss), and the potential for increasing the temperature of the working fluid to values up to and exceeding the boiling point of water in order to obtain process steam, as well as an acceptable rate values of solar thermal conversion and its efficiency is not realized. So still haven't created a competitive industrial solar systems for the production of heat and electricity, communal heating, is the quiet could exclude environmentally destructive burning of natural vitality capacious raw materials (gas, oil, coal). This explains the ongoing efforts in seeking resolution of the above conflict situation in the solar industry.

One of the directions in this search is to develop applications of heliocentrical that would allow a relatively inexpensive means to increase the amount of solar rays into heat chamber, under conditions of fixed sizes heliopause surfaces. The closest to this present invention is a technical solution involving heliocentrism surfaces mounted on the moving rail platforms, the trajectory in which the light period covers the relevant part of the perimeter of the large translucent insulated space [see A.S. USSR №1449703 "Wind heliothane F 03 G 7/02, F 24 J 2/42, publ. 07.01.89]. In this technical solution, the sun's rays, perceived due to solar energy at a considerable exposed spaces, is directed through the translucent coating to heat the air pipe and manifold for subsequent electricity generation, using as a working body of the heated air, and water. The advantage of this technical solution is not only more energy is com saturation of the closed space, that in itself is important, but also that due to solar energy made as locotractor that do not require high-precision focusing with the corresponding highly dynamic and high-precision regulation affecting significant volumes and public space. In addition, its advantage lies in the fact that luciotraut (heliocentrism) surface mounted on a mobile vehicle, with which it can be sheltered from strong winds in the appropriate place, and it allows you to do this due to solar energy in the lungs, and therefore, cheap designs. Such use of heliocentrical, lightweight structures, contributes to the creation of economic conditions for the gradual competitiveness of solar power. In this sense, the well-known model heliocentricity inferior version of this prototype, first because the present value of one square meter heliocentris surface is within 6500-7500 rubles, and in the second case is equal to 2-3 times smaller, which in special designs has further decreased many times.

However, in the described technical solution according to the mentioned prototype is not allowed the specified fundamental conflict situation: the application and with Arkenstone detached simplified and cost-reduced heliocentrical-luciotrutta does not reduce the amount of heat loss through svetopronitsaemuyu surface thermal cameras - closed heliopause cavities, the value of which remains large. The growth rate of the heat loss increases dramatically with increasing temperature in the internal environment of the latter.

The purpose of this technical solution according to the present invention is to create a method and complex techniques termopreobrazovateli solar energy, the implementation of which could essentially eliminate become a typical specified constructive-technological limit to limit heat loss from a closed translucent thermal camera while maintaining the number of admissions in her solar energy, as well as to enhance the insulation of its internal environment to any preassigned, economical level and fundamentally improve the efficiency and the economic efficiency of the process heliotropiaceae.

The technical result of this conceptual design is the creation of intensified solar greenhouses - glycodelin, which allow heat through termopreobrazovateli sunlight, with unit cost, significantly lower than is typical for modern CHP plants and boiler plants running on natural gas, and which are energy based on what I highly geliotermoelektrichesky stations.

Private technical results of the proposed method termopreobrazovateli solar energy are lower capital costs for construction of power plants and boilers, development of domestic and mobile solar installations, including hot food processing as outer, typical of many regions, stoves or ovens in which to cook, especially to bake bread, even in the harsh Russian winter and stock up on them in high-grade heat energy at night time or even for a few days.

This technical result in the implementation of the invention is achieved by the fact that the relatively well-known technical solutions and the method of conversion of solar energy, according to the mentioned prototype, based on increasing the insulating properties and light transmission surfaces of the closed heliopause camera, where they perform the energy conversion of sunlight into heat energy and which is limited on all sides with insulating material, in particular in the form of insulating the floor, walls and ceiling, the latter operates mainly from translucent materials, the magnitude of the surface, the design parameters, placement and advanced technology the ski processing which define so the sun's rays penetrated through them in the greatest possible amount of energy in heliopause camera, maximum heating of the hosted technology heliotropiaceae materials, and at the same time to ensure maximum limit heat losses, including their radial components, through translucent materials, occupying the area a large part of the surfaces of these walls and ceilings and significantly reducing their insulating characteristics, use in heliopause camera technological materials with elevated lucaogou characteristics, specific heat capacities and thermal storage properties and the accumulation of thermal energy in the technological materials heliopause camera for an extended period determined by the technical requirements of the consumers and the statistical characteristics of weather and seasonal conditions, there are differences in that the internal environment heliopause camera is separated from the external environment from the internal surfaces of its walls and/or ceilings mostly opaque insulating material, thickness and thermal insulation characteristics which set only under the terms of the minimization of the resulting heat losses from heliopause to the measures while the sun's rays from the surrounding space of the target image is sent inside heliopause camera, at least two consecutive hub and guide the sun's rays, the first of which perform as an external hub sunlight using luteotrophic surfaces, available in the surrounding heliopause camera space in such a way that reflected their sunlight received on the exposed areas of the latter, for example, guide them by way of a truncated four-sided hollow pyramid, the sides of which provide Lokotrack material and create through these peripheral limits of its smaller base immediately adjacent the outer surface of heliopause camera and which the output aperture of the outer hub of the solar rays, and a larger base of which are the input opening, which is directed towards the direct and reflected solar rays passing through it from the surrounding space and coming, thanks Lokotrack surfaces of its faces, concentrated flow to the appropriate areas of the surfaces heliopause cameras and the area of the input aperture of the outer hub sunlight many times greater than the area of its closing the opening, thus the angular position of at least one of the edges of the last adjusted relative to the outer surface of heliopause camera as a function of time of day, seasonal and annual periods, for which between these adjacent faces relative to the surface heliopause cameras make available the technological gaps that allow you to change their mutual position, and the second used the built-in hub and guide the sun's rays, which form by creating a field built on the entire thickness of opaque insulating material covering heliopause camera, three-dimensional geometric shapes, for example in the form of a hollow truncated four-sided pyramids and/or cones, the surface of which is covered Lokotrack material, and the free base is closed with a thin translucent insulating material through which data geometric shape containing a fixed volume of insulating gas environment, allow to maintain a high insulation options heliopause camera and at the same time to give it a high solar radiation and thermal energy saturation, while the outer hub sunlight supply additional luciotraut surfaces, placed at different distances in the neighborhood of the overall environment in the fixed and/or regulated as a function of time and weather conditions, the provisions relative to the surface of the soil, including horizontal, inclined or vertical position, and secured, for example, through additional installed supports, cable structures and/or devices with the lifting tanks and inflatable forms, nearby buildings, improvised and respectively oriented folds, through which direct streams of reflected sunlight at right angles in the direction of the input aperture of the outer hub sunlight, especially in winter, when solar radiation at high latitudes is characterized by a significantly reduced value - additional streams of sunlight reflected by the snow cover with large surrounding areas, while on the outer surfaces of the opaque heat insulating material heliopause camera, which features built-in hubs and guides sunlight, place them in a large square base, geometrical parameters and relative position of which is chosen so that the adjoining sides of adjacent bases are separated from each other at a minimum distance defined by technological conditions for the implementation and sustainability of structures in operation, while on the inner surface of its opaque insulating material RA is believed to lower base built-in hub and guides sunlight, the area of each of which is many times smaller than the area of the larger base and defines a cross-section of concentrated streams of sunlight entering into heliopause the camera, and between adjacent sides of the smaller bases form a distance exceeding the length of the maximum cross-sectional, making further reduce heat loss heliopause cameras, including their radial components, and between members of it concentrated solar rays have an internal support structure of the latter and separate them from its internal environment of an additional insulating layer of material with high temperature resistance, this created an air environment, which are called the support structure, the separated additional insulating layer, combined with the means of utilization of the heat loss heliopause chamber through which heated them the air is pumped out and used as a carrier for various purposes, and for areas of concentrated streams of sunlight coming from the built-in hub and guides sunlight and having a high energy density relative to their values in the environment, create an internal luchetti, for example, in the form of hollow is x glass tubes, equipped with luciotraut surfaces, which are secured by means of the formed through-holes in an additional shelter heat insulating layer and which is formed into the shape that they exit the increase in the cross section of each of the concentrated solar rays and the direction of its fixed plots heliopause and thermal storage materials, including using intermediate luteotrophic and lucernis surfaces.

This solution allows you to cost-effectively remove the traditional constructive-technological limit heat loss from a closed internal environment of a thermal camera heliopause cavity while maintaining, moreover, the increase in the area of transparent surface heliopause cavity (fixed dimensions) and to ensure not only the preservation of the number of admissions in her solar energy to increase its thermal insulation performance, but increase it at the expense of additional "push" direction of the sun's rays inside heliopause camera from the surrounding space by applying an extension to her external hub sunlight. Recently made, primarily, of the four sides, forming together the IDT approximate shape of a hollow truncated pyramid. Each of the four faces it contains surface prokritee Lokotrack material, for example aluminum foil, protected from the weather with a thin layer of translucent material. At present, the cost of 1 m2translucent material with single-sided aluminum (mirror) coating is in the range of 0.3-0.7 per dollar, and in the case of the organization of large-scale industrial production of such mirror surfaces with a protective film their cost will not exceed 0.2-0.3 for 1 m2at high quality.

At the outer surface heliopause camera these faces meet each other, forming a smaller base of pyramid shape as the output aperture of the outer hub sunlight. In the opposite direction from the outer surface of heliopause cavity faces diverge among themselves, forming at the end of the larger base of the pyramid shape as the input aperture of the outer hub sunlight. The rays of the sun, which is the last reflected from the mirror surface faces out through the smaller base of it with a much higher specific energy and energy capacity.

Pyramid form definition external hub sunlight comes from the fundamental, only figurative p is dobie, as some of his edge, because of certain conditions, can be longer than in the exact contours of the pyramid, others shorter; in real terms in the junction of adjacent faces can be "gaps", and not the edges of the pyramid. However, a General definition of the form as "pyramid" is fair for the consideration of the principles of the hub sunlight.

To further boost the energy of sunlight sent to heliopause cavity, can be applied consistently and second outer hub sunlight with large inlet and outlet openings. It is implemented in the proposed technical solution in another embodiment, by placing in the surrounding area for more luteotrophic surfaces, mostly flat and more complex forms, the reflected rays that enter in the input cavity of the first outer hub. These surfaces, being inexpensive, can have such a large area that the flow of reflected sunlight through the outer hub in their heliopause cavity can reach any, specified beforehand, values and determine the temperature rise in the latter to a value much higher than the boiling point of water, for example up to 200-300°C. Through this already high-grade, thermal energy provides the I production of steam or steam-air mixture, with significant overheating, so with high efficiency to convert thermal energy into electrical energy through the use of protobiological. Spent the last steam or steam-air mixture can be used in the secondary circuit of electric energy within heliotropiaceae conversion, and then be sent to the consumers of warm water and air, in particular, houses and livestock farms, greenhouses, and other Additional Lokotrack surfaces can be made more complex shapes, including spherical.

Additional luciotraut surface can be placed in home and mobile, travel) conditions using a simple anchor devices, improvised - the surrounding trees, houses and other structures, folds. Their position may be adjusted depending on the position of the solar disk in the sky. Each square meter of such luciotraut surface may have developed in the cost structures within 120-130 rubles, what determines a unique economic efficiency of the proposed method. Luciotraut surface can be performed by very light plates of small size, easily portable and transportive is s, of foam and composite materials, as well as through fabrics and films, the surface of which is supplied Lokotrack material and are transported (or at home) can be folded, to be supplied with light, folding anchor devices.

In industrial options such thermoperiodic installations additional luciotraut surface may be reinforced with a flexible material, fastened with ropes and holding supports, with remote, automatic or manual control. However, in the case of large size and capacity, thermal cameras, glycodelin, the latter can be performed in a cylindrical or toroidal shape with a width of mainly 5-20 m, covering the free space around the axis, which is carried out subsequent energy, heliotropiaceae and thermohardening processes for the production of electric energy in future energy paths. In this case, the cable route, in areas which are more luciotraut surface, can in a circle, with a significant radial distance to span the virtual cylindrical perimeter of glycodelin - solar intensificirovannaya greenhouse complex. This cable can track synchronously with the displacement is of the solar disk in the sky, to move simultaneously moving luciotraut surface. If the latter is fixed by means of two interacting cable car tracks - top and bottom - the position of one of them, for example the surface can be adjusted basic mechanisms during seasonal periods to the appropriate position luteotrophic surfaces relatively heliopause chamber was determined and the optimum angular inclination not only during daylight hours, but in the course of seasonal periods. With increasing wind speed above the allowable flexible luciotraut surface can accordingly be stored, to hide. On these cable routes (or other) - can be nominated in the relevant sector of the surrounding space hurricane protection sloping walls.

The method also allows the use of multiple concentric cable car tracks located at different height levels and/or almost at the same level as you place them on a large (relevant) distances from each other. The method involves placing luteotrophic surfaces in one form or other, at very considerable distances from the sun intensified the greenhouse complex, as it is easier on economic and technical-economic interests, as the energy is their loss of the solar beam as it passes through in a clean air environment long distances void and use the snow for the corresponding direction of reflected sunlight rays, both the southern and Northern sides. In certain cases luciotraut surface can accommodate a lifting tanks filled with light gas and routed the cable tensioning device.

The method allows to create a solar boiler in the neighborhoods of the cities, in residential, including multi-story homes, having heliopause and heat-generating cavity on their roofs, with the location of the external hub sunlight through the roof and placing luteotrophic surfaces in accordance with the characteristics of the housing of arrays, including the walls of the houses opposite, trafficable areas and streets. In large part, for example, Belarus 1000 m2such areas will produce 100 kW of thermal energy. The capacity of solar intensified greenhouse complexes due to the additional installation luteotrophic surfaces economically (30-50 times more profitable capacity TPP, NPP, HPP in any form. This indicates the great potential of solar power. For example, in the Republic of Belarus, where conditions deliverability the least attractive in comparison with any re the ion Russia (due to special climatic data very attractive in other aspects, these potential benefits are as follows :

Averaged over the year the power of the solar radiation on the territory of the Republic of Belarus is 0.13 kW/m2. At the same time, the cost of creating luciotraut the surface of the active area of 1000 m2together with the supports holding the ropes and means of their periodic reorientation is $ 4,000. From this it follows that the increment of heat capacity heliopause camera in the solar greenhouse complex is, taking into account efficiency, $ 4,000 for 100 kW, that is $ 40 per 1 kW. While the unit cost of construction (or expansion) CHP plants running on natural gas, RB has a value of about $ 500 per 1 kW, that is 12.5 times more expensive. But most importantly, eliminates the need for purchasing and burning natural gas. Comparison, approximately, the same procedure applies to utility boiler. To achieve a unique result in RB, it is possible to build solar intensified greenhouse complexes containing heliopause camera, external hubs sunlight and very powerfully developed additional luciotraut surface, according to the proposed method, the alleged invention, and shall then deliver her from the external procurement of energy for the production of heat and electricity.

In the Ukraine, Siberia, the far East, on the coast of the Northern rivers and seas, Africa, the middle East, India, China, Southeast Asia, South America, the economic efficiency of the proposed method will be significantly higher.

The basis of ensuring high insulation heliopause camera in the proposed method taken the use of opaque insulating material. Its thickness and insulating properties are selected according to the conditions of the quality of insulation, that is, without conflict linkages with the need to perform a possibly large translucent areas in the walls and ceiling heliopause camera. Light transmission is achieved by placing the latter in a thick translucent, basic shelter heat insulating material (walls and ceiling) thin geometric shapes in the form of four-sided truncated pyramids and /or truncated cones placed vertices inside heliopause cavity. For example, if the industrial helicoiling the selected thickness of the walls and ceilings of 400 mm, a truncated pyramid light guide, the surface of which is covered Lokotrack material, having an input basis, for example, 150×150 mm2may have an output basis (inside) 30×30 mm2that area is less than the first 25 times. This means that lucev the e loss of internal heat is also reduced, at least 25 times. If the building blocks of a thickness of 400 mm made of several parallel composite modules and between them is formed by air gaps, the latter are used to increase the quality of insulation, including through the utilization of heat losses. For example, if each module building block has its own section of a truncated pyramid optical fiber, and each base of the pyramid (or each section throughout the full pyramid) are covered with thin layers of translucent insulating material, the air formed between the modules building blocks in sequential order can be pumped through the internal environment heliopause cavity. The air from the latter under pressure portions is injected along with the water in the evaporator cavity, placed in heliotropiaceae heat storage material. The resulting vapor mixture is directed to the steam turbine. Thus heat energy, by means of its disposal, no lost of useless heliopause cavity, and its efficiency is coming to an unusually high value of more than 95-97%. Air with heat recovery energy is pumped from layer to layer along the outer surface of these geometric shapes, their cooling and protecting the light is promiseme base stations pyramid of fibers from dust.

Beams of concentrated solar rays within the domestic environment heliopause cavity, have a small cross-section and a considerable distance between them. This allows you to create a strong internal framing for walls and ceiling heliopause cavity located between the beams, not reducing and not overlapping for these purposes, the outer translucent surface, which is composed of lucarotti squares in size, for example, 150×150 mm2, have their sides close to each other.

As the domestic air heliopause cavity design can be provided and high temperature (100°and more)that is determined by the pumping capacity of air, the internal supporting frame is fenced off from the environment thermally insulating material, such as slabs of concrete. In this case, the support frame is located in the air layer, which is continuously refreshed and does not have high temperature. The output channels of the beams of concentrated solar rays are optically superimposed with the second inner optical fibers, which are specially established, for example, in the form of glass tubes of appropriate cross-sectional, side surfaces of which are covered with mirror lucetta is the missing material. These internal fibers or luchetti fixed in the through-openings formed in the additional shelter heat insulating layer, and the second end is made in the form, expanding and directing the radiation beam (coordinates) in the appropriate places heliopause cavity, including appropriate luciotraut surfaces that direct rays directly in the zone of location of high-temperature heliotropiaceae and thermal storage process material (e.g., stearin with admixtures of salts of alkali metals and other substances)having a high heat capacity at the phase transition from solid to molten liquid and Vice versa, as well as increased above 100°With the melting temperature.

In combination with luciotraut surfaces, in variants of the design modes with high temperatures in the inner air heliopause camera, applied and lucernis surface, reducing or protecting breakout hit infrared radiation components of thermal energy to the output apertures of the pyramid (cone, composite) built with hubs and guides sunlight. One of such surfaces is dark metallic surface, covering the molten process material containing the th thermal radiators, immersed in it. This surface can be a thin, corrugated, obtained by stamping, and is filled with top bulk heliopause and vysokoteploprovodnyh material.

For the most effective use of the built-in hub and guides sunlight is necessary to ensure admission of sunlight from the surrounding space under the minimum angles to their axes. This will determine the minimum number of reflections of sunlight from their luteotrophic surfaces and limit the reduction of energy losses through absorption. In addition, the efficiency of the pyramid built-in hub and guides sunlight increases, if they form at least one additional luciotraut face that passes through the axis of the hub or parallel to the axes. The simplest option that improves the efficiency of built-in hub and guides sunlight, is built in two luteotrophic surfaces, arranged crosswise, with a simultaneous increase in the side of the square from the input apertures.

In addition, the outer hub sunlight is also in the form similar to a pyramid, with close to trapeliopsis faces that are not connected mechanically between the fight, and so you can change their mutual arrangement. In this sense, the bottom face is in a period of low solar disk is rotated peripheral side down, for example, an angle of 30°.

The top face of the pyramid external hub sunlight takes the form of a visor, and in the period of the solar disk in the region of the Zenith, and in certain other positions set at an angle at which the sun's rays are directed at the outer surface of the light guide ceiling heliopause cavity, for which its surface is provided with Lokotrack material on both sides on the top and bottom surfaces.

The other two faces of the outer hub sunlight, approximately vertical, can be performed also with the possibility of rotation, mounted on a slide bearing or rolling element relative to the external reference and supporting structures heliopause camera or relatively separately installed poles-poles. Large (far) side of the vertical faces of the outer hub sunlight, located approximately vertically, can be fixed relative to the soil surface through movable supports, in particular wheels moving along a prepared track (or soil surface). However, the best option fixing eeagles the use of wire rope slings, attached one end to the outer supporting structure heliopause camera through the tensioning mechanisms, and other structures of faces, mostly in the periphery.

This method of attachment allows you to balance the weight of this edge as any other. This design external hub sunlight allows not only to regulate the position of the face relative to the direct and reflected sunlight, setting the optimal angle of incidence of sun rays on the translucent surface heliopause camera, but also to make the concentration of the natural (and in some cases artificial) metropolice using this process for additional power generation other power circuit - heliotropism, thermodynamic and aerobicise impacts concentrated on wind currents. The external surface heliopause camera is also metronapoli means orienting Vetropack on an inclined plane up, to reflect the upper face of the outer hub sunlight. In this regard, heliopause the camera in the techno-economic aspect it is advisable to position above the soil surface, at a height of 10-20 m, forming below her bottom and up her ceiling penisnyayangbesar channels for subsequent aerodynamic and thermodynamic effects on concentrated Vetropack. In addition, this design external hub sunlight allows in case the maximum speed of the natural wind, in particular to terrific value, to put it luciotraut faces in the package (full or partial), pressing it to the carrier and the supporting base heliopause cavity or additional supporting structure.

External hubs sunlight are two fundamentally different embodiments. One of them is that it have a relatively heliopause camera rolling when he as you move the solar disk in the sky rotates about the axis of its outer surface or moves along her if she made a circle.

Another option is determined by the fact that the perimeter helioglasshouse camera is several stationary external hub sunlight. If its perimeter is cylindrical (pyramidal, conical) shape, for example, it is optimal accommodation around her 12 external hub sunlight, when the vertical faces them, mostly, do not change their positions relative to the coordinates of the solar disk in the sky, and can only "hide" from the wind, while the top and bottom faces change their angular position as a function of time of day

In certain geographic and climatic conditions may apply and other forms of external hub sunlight, and other, including combined options of placement and fastening of the last relatively heliopause camera.

Residential, mobile and travel options heliopause camera attached to it by an external hub sunlight differ in terms of mobile installation, placement and removal of components luteotrophic surfaces of all equipment requirements relative simplicity and cheapness.

If the built-in hubs and guides the sun's rays are a composite of the individual conjugate elements placed in the Assembly modules complete building blocks, the terminal parts of the overall design of the light guide in the form of truncated pyramids or cones, can be coated with a thin reflecting layer of copper or even special materials, including silver or gold, which will significantly improve the quality of the mirror surface in the region of highest flux density of sunlight.

Yourself geometric shapes embedded hub and guides sunlight can run as black or non-ferrous metal and glass, plastics or composite materials with p is a covering them luciotraut surfaces.

It is also envisaged that the internal environment heliopause camera is connected to pressure relief valves. In connection with the above it is clear the versatility of the design, technology implementation and multidimensionality of the principal modifications in the proposed method termopreobrazovateli solar energy. This explains the significant number of additional differences in its technical essence regarding known technical solutions and named prototype.

In particular, the difference is that the effectiveness of the insulation and Energysystem heliopause camera increase through that opaque insulating material with built-in hubs and guides sunlight is used, in particular, when creating its walls and/or ceilings, in the form of pre-fabricated building blocks fixed to its inner supporting structure, and building blocks operates mainly from a flat, approximately rectangular Assembly modules that are subsequently combined into packages that form as a product of technological Assembly of ready-made building blocks, required by the conditions of thermal insulation height, and Assembly modules for packaging share insulating air layers with the help of the reference distantsiruyutsa sites moreover, in a heat insulating material Assembly modules embed marked constituent elements that constitute the resulting profile embedded hub and guides sunlight and which have the shape of a hollow geometric shapes, in particular a truncated four-sided pyramids, the surfaces of which provide luciotraut materials, and base cover translucent insulating material, subject to an insignificant magnitude of the coefficients of absorption and reflection of sunlight, and sequentially changing cross sections of the constituent elements of the built-in hub and guides sunlight match them luciotraut surfaces so that the sun's rays in the assembled and mounted on the internal supporting structures of the building blocks receive only the resulting unidirectional passage - from the outside space in the internal environment heliopause camera, with at least part of the air insulating layers formed between the Assembly modules building blocks are combined, for example, consistently with the tools and recovery systems heat losses.

The difference is that the hollow volume of geometric shapes, the surface of which is covered Lokotrack mother of the scrap and which form the built-in hub and guides sunlight, lay in the form of ready-made designs in consistently located and structurally paired openings of the respective cross-sections contained in the assembled building blocks, which include bulleted Assembly modules made with them in these apertures and insulating air layers between them, and the Foundation of the ready-made designs of geometric shapes embedded hub and guides sunlight close translucent insulating material individually and/or in the composition of the assembled building blocks.

The difference is that the insulating air layers formed between the Assembly modules, building blocks, connect with each other, with the environment and the internal environment heliopause camera through a fixed gap created between the outer surfaces of the sections of volume of geometric shapes and surfaces corresponding openings in the Assembly modules, thus a unidirectional air flow from the ambient atmosphere into the internal environment of heliopause camera along the surfaces of the volumetric geometric shapes as part of the built-in hub and guides sunlight, whereby take thermal energy generated and transmitted what about the internal environment of the building blocks, the air flow through the latter create by pumping air from heliopause camera with a design capacity for subsequent use as a coolant, and at least one of the insulating air layer is related to the ambient atmosphere through Vodokanal conducted through the bottom and an adjustable valve, through the ceiling heliopause camera conducted additional air channel connected to the adjustable valve and to the safety device, through which protect the latter against excessive internal pressure and temperature in excess of the allowed values.

The difference is that the hollow volumetric geometrical shape as the constituent elements of the built-in hub and guides sunlight are made of metal and/or glass, plastics and composite materials with luciotraut surfaces.

The difference is that the hollow volumetric geometrical shape as the constituent elements of the built-in hub and guides sunlight supply, at least one luciotraut longitudinal partition, for example, passing through their center lines.

The difference is that the outer hub of the sun's rays do rotatable relative to rtically axis, which is geometrically axial center of the outer surface heliopause camera, why his face is fixed relative to the support base last through the poles of rotation and relative to the surface of the soil, for example, by moving the supports moving along a prepared track, and the weight of the materials with which made the faces of the outer hub of the sun's rays, including their supporting structures and fixed on them the material provided luciotraut surfaces, balance, mainly by means of wire rope slings, which through linear moving rotating mechanisms, which administers the coiling and uncoiling, associated supporting structures supporting base heliopause camera with peripheral structures and accessories faces of the outer hub of the sun's rays, while the rotary mechanisms of wire rope slings perform manual and/or automated actuators, with which help regulate the spatial position of the edges, the geometric shape and position of the external hub sunlight in General functions of the coordinates of the solar disk in the sky and angles of direct and reflected sunlight received on the outer surface heliopause camera, and with the increasing scoretower to structurally limit - face warehoused in windproof position in the form of composite construction, based on the outer bearing base heliopause camera.

The difference is that create choroidopathy heliopause the camera in the form of a closed circle design, the external and internal surfaces of the walls which give, approximately, the appearance of truncated multi-faceted pyramids, covering common Central axis, and an insulating translucent wall, made of the above building blocks, connect the bottom with the flat bottom, approximate ring shape, the thickness of which is determined by the size of its insulating structures and placing them in technological heliotropiaceae and heat-retaining materials and energy channels, and above - ceiling similar form, the thickness of which will be determined mainly by the height of these building blocks through which form an internal environment heliopause camera choroidopathy forms, and the space surrounding the Central axis and limited by the perimeter of the latter, used for placement of power equipment, which is associated with the functioning heliopause camera, including turboelectric units, and choroidopathy heliopause Luggage is nubeena, at least one external hub sunlight, for example rotating around it in accordance with the function control its position, and around the last building infrastructure hosting and management provision additional luteotrophic surfaces, and the outer hub sunlight is used simultaneously as a device for the concentration of the natural flow of the wind, which by means of auxiliary devices mounted on the supporting base heliopause camera is directed to the input thermohardening circuit turboelectric unit, using the reference base last place mechanisms and devices for controlling the position of the outer hub sunlight and its individual faces.

The difference is that heliopause the camera perform in the shape of a ball, primarily to create greenhouses, aquariums and sports facilities.

The difference is that heliopause the camera perform in the form of a cylinder, mainly for the energy supply of household objects.

The difference is that heliopause the camera perform in the form of a truncated pyramid, primarily, to create everyday objects, including for cooking.

The difference is that heliopol is against the camera perform in the form of a parallelepiped, mainly for household objects in the Northern regions.

The difference is that a relatively heliopause camera, for example, in its choroidopathy form, place at least two adjacent stationary external hub sunlight, the contours of which are close to the form of hollow truncated four-sided pyramids, the angular position of at least one of the edges which regulate Autonomous and which by means of the fastening devices are placed mainly flat material provided, in particular on both sides, luciotraut surfaces, and each of the external faces of the hub of the sun's rays do, approximately, in the form of a trapezoid, the bases of which are placed in pairs, approximately, parallel and perpendicular to the surface of the soil, and design of trapezoidal faces are made of composite prefabricated structural elements, such as tubes, wires and mounting hardware for which carry out the consolidation, including mobile, flat material with luciotraut surfaces, and trapezoidal faces have relative to each other with the technological gaps, allowing them offline servicing, while the lower side of the trapezoidal bases the faces of each stationary external hub sunlight is fixed relative to the outer support base heliopause camera through the poles of rotation, the opposite large side - by restraint rope lanyard and swivel mechanisms with manual and/or remote-controlled actuators, which provide for the regulation of the angular position relative to the surface of the soil of the lower and upper trapezoidal faces of the stationary external hub sunlight in function of the coordinates of the solar disk in the sky and putting all of trapezoidal faces in the wind-resistant design when reaching wind speeds of project specified limit.

The difference is that as the material placed in the planes of the faces of the outer hub sunlight and equipped with luciotraut surfaces, apply a lightweight building structure and decoration plates outdoor use, heavy-duty derivatices beams and/or pre-stressed cables, which improve the design limit wind load in working condition external hub sunlight.

The difference is that as the material placed in the planes of the faces of the outer hub sunlight and equipped with luciotraut surfaces, apply flexible, for example, a fabric material which is covered with a film material containing luciotraut aircraft is s, the latter protects against environmental influences and mechanical damage by a protective material.

The difference is that as the material placed in the planes of the faces of the outer hub sunlight and equipped with luciotraut surfaces, apply composite, plastic and polymer materials.

The difference is that as the material placed in the planes of the faces of the outer hub sunlight and equipped with luciotraut surfaces, apply the flat material in the form of a rigid plate, for example, fiberglass, covered with Lokotrack material and which are given different shapes in the layout kits, appropriate design forms and sizes of these faces, and the plates are provided with a marking in accordance with the technological scheme of consolidation in the plane of the faces, in this design the latter contain devices for mobile docking and removal of the plates.

The difference is that in the mobile mounting devices, by means of which feature in the planes of the faces of the outer hub sunlight flexible luciotraut material, use mechanisms with the winding reel, the length of which corresponds to the maximum width of the flexible lucotrudeau m the material, by rotation of which the latter is unwound and delivered in the plane of these faces, and flexible luciotraut material is fixed by means of ropes and/or high-strength fibers, and filament winding drums are placed in the sides of the bases of these faces and fix them relative to the ground surface and the load-bearing structural elements heliopause camera.

The difference is that as the primary heliotropiaceae and thermal storage material located in the internal environment heliopause camera, use substances, mainly mixtures thereof, with increased temperature and specific heat of phase transitions from solid to liquid and back and the ability to maintain a steady state in molten form at temperatures far above the boiling point of water, for example a mixture of salts of alkali metals and/or stearine, plastics, and as an auxiliary heliopause and thermal storage material - water, through which surround the insulated vessel with the main, high-temperature thermal storage material and the heat storage water volume place in the group of insulated containers in which insulating supports placed containers with the main Teplou cumwithuscom material, due to what was largely disposed of heat loss of the main heat-retaining material, the latter being secured by means of removable structures and mobile devices in technological applications and group capacity to perform in a constructive and technological unity with the bottom heliopause camera, and the capacity of the main process heat storage material equip the energy channels in which water is supplied from a group of tanks and air from the internal environment heliopause camera to increase their energy potential as heat transfer fluids, carrying out the associated processes of utilization of heat, and these containers are tightly closed with a sheet of heat conducting material, connected to the heat pipes immersed in the molten heat storage material, for example by applying sheet material to a corrugated surface.

The difference is that as a source of local lighting use high-temperature heating of the heat storage material in heliopause the camera, for example, through the use of devices with high thermoelectronic emission and/or the relevant spectral characteristics of ionized gas environment while improving their temperature is.

The difference is that the outer hub sunlight is used simultaneously as confusion, concentrating and directing ground natural Vetropack, which in one Cabinet run, placement and retention heliopause cameras have metronapoli louvers above and below the latter, through which the concentrated Vetropack direct the production of electricity in subsequent processing circuit, while heliopause the camera is placed on the supporting pillars above the soil surface than expand technological capabilities concentrations simultaneously and sunlight, and natural metropolice.

The difference is that heliopause camera together with placed on it by the external hub sunlight is used for the desalination of sea water.

The difference is that in home and mobile use cases heliopause the camera is used as a means for hot food processing.

The difference is that in mobile and consumer use cases heliopause the camera used for hot working of ceramic products.

The difference is that in field use case heliopause the camera is used as a laboratory is atomnogo variant of the heating furnace, including to obtain molten fusible material.

The difference is that in field use case heliopause the camera is used as a means for drying pharmacy herbs, mushrooms, fruits, vegetables, and fish.

Shows the differences in the way termopreobrazovateli solar energy, according to the alleged invention, regarding the above-mentioned prototype and other well-known technical solutions, is clear from the above description and additional clarification is not needed, with the following description of specific embodiments.

Figure 1 shows one schematic variants of realization of the method termopreobrazovateli solar energy.

Figure 2 is a diagram of the layout heliopause camera.

Figure 3 shows the placement of the built-in hub and guides sunlight.

Figure 4 is given fragment layout building block of the Assembly modules.

Figure 5 shows in plan the implementation of the method using choroidopathy heliopause camera.

Figure 6 shows a fragment of the vertical section choroidopathy heliopause camera along section A-A.

In the figure 1-6 variant implementation of the method termopreobrazovateli solar energy, according to the alleged invention, to separate kasnausko the flavors schematic solutions, shows a practical way of overcoming the traditional conflict situation in geliotermoobrabotki due to the series connection of two hubs and guides sunlight in cooperation with additional luciotraut surfaces, systematically placed relatively heliopause camera.

Heliopause camera 1 (Figure 1) contains a heat-insulating plate 2, made of concrete, the walls 3 and the ceiling 4, made of high quality opaque insulating material, such as foam glass, in which there are special devices for injection of sunlight from the outside to the internal environment heliopause camera 1, a more detailed description of which will be given below. The purpose heliopause camera, which is located on the supporting pillars 5 is to accumulate in the internal environment solar energy, for which it created two temperature levels of termopreobrazovateli sunlight and accumulation of thermal energy. Accordingly, these two levels applied the following process heliotropiaceae materials (Figure 2): high temperature material 6, in particular a mixture of materials with a melting temperature substantially in excess of 100°and with the increased specific heat capacity at phase per the course from the solid state to the molten liquid and back; classic material in thermodynamics as a working medium - water 7 with known physical properties. As the material 6 can be used tin with acceptable parameters: melting point 232°and a specific heat melting - 14 kcal/kg, But higher technical and economic feasibility is used as a technological material 6 mixture-based Starinov, waxes, salts of alkaline metals and some types of plastics, which can be characterized by a melting point in the range of 120-180°and a specific heat melting point of 30-40 kcal/kg with low cost. High temperature material 6 is placed in the tank 8, which are immersed in water 7, located in a large group containers 9. Capacity 8 are relatively small, well insulated, are on stands and are decorated in a form factor that permits them to be mobile in the recess in the service area. Capacity 8 placed along the length helioglasshouse camera with minimum technological gaps and covered by sheet material 10, for example, of steel, which contains the speakers down the cooling fins immersed in the material 6 in sufficient depth. The cooling ribs can be formed on the sheet material 10 by punching deep in the grave, that helps (if it is dark) good absorption of sunlight and rapid heat transfer to the environment technological material 6, with significantly reduced radiation heat losses of the latter, including in molten form. As a high-temperature process material 6 may be applied as granular material, which does not lead to the melting temperature, such as gravel. In some cases in the tank 8 is simply circulates the air, with the size of the tank 8 is considerably increased. Crushed stone, except containers 8, placed in insulated underground storages connected to the tank 8 of the heat exchange ducts. This material can also be used in the intermediate version as filler, while the heat exchange material may be not the air, and the molten core material 6. In the presence of underground tanks, thermal storage material in them are process heaters.

In the environment of high temperature process material 6 is installed energy channels 11, in which the heated water is injected 7 and the hot air from the internal environment heliopause camera 1, which under the influence of high temperature in the containers 8 to form a vapor mixture having a controlled temperature and pressure is observed as the working fluid for subsequent applications. Steam-air mixture flows through the piping 12, through the channel 13 in the ceiling 4 and the controller 14, with automatic or manual transmission, to block consumers 15 thermal energy.

On the graphic illustrations of the location of the energy channels and means 11, 12, 14 shown conventionally and device for injection of water and air, control the pressure and temperature of the steam-air mixture is not shown as elements of the standard.

Wall 3 and ceilings 4 heliopause camera is made up of building blocks 16, which are made as insulating and lucarotti (1, 3). Building blocks 16 are made of foam, which figure 3, 4 are marked with a special, easy-to-understand hatching. They can be made from foam, polyurethane foam and contain wire mesh that the illustrations are not shown. The main requirement to be applied to the basic material in them is providing high quality insulation with low cost of production. The thickness of the heat insulating material in industrial options heliopause camera should be at least 400 mm, and its properties is not intended for transmission of the sun's rays, that is opaque, due to what is implemented is very high, previously assigned, the level of insulation heliopause camera 1.

To carry out injects the th external sunlight 17 last through small openings in the shelter heat insulating opaque material building blocks 16 are placed built-in hubs and conductors 18 to the sun (Figure 2, 3, 4), which have required smaller output apertures, due to what can be achieved to minimize heat losses to any level, including their radial components. The rays of the sun 17 substantially sealed to the entrance in the internal environment heliopause camera 1 by reflections from buildings 19 built-in hub and guides sunlight, embedded in thick opaque thermal insulation material building blocks 16, which surfaces are coated with a layer lucotrudeau material 20 (the illustrations are marked by the dotted line).

Housing 19 in this case, the implementation of the method have the form of a truncated pyramid and is made of thin-walled aluminum casting, which inner surface is additionally covered with foil, spray a thin layer of aluminum from the body of the housing. This film protects the mirrored reflecting layer of aluminum surface particularly high purity (roughness not exceed a fourth of the wavelength of the sunlight) from atmospheric influences. High-quality film for these purposes are available in mass production in the form of a special high-strength polymer films, as well as fiberglass films of high strength and can be used on these sites structures. However, a particularly promising material is La these goals and solar power in General are glass and quartz film, work on the creation of which is completed. Housing 19 built-in hub and conductors 18 sun rays can be more expensive than aluminum, materials, in particular sheet steel, glass, plastics, fiberglass and other materials. Hull forms 19 can take the form of a number of other hollow geometric shapes - shapes, in the form of truncated cones, cylinders, multi-faceted pyramids and prisms, but with all these forms are significantly worse you are using an external exposed surface heliopause camera 1. If large base of buildings 19 (they are well represented on Figure 3, 4) are adjacent to each other rectangles or squares, the outer lacarbonara the surface of the chamber, through which direct sunlight inside it, is maximum for a given value of its surface. At the height of the building blocks of 16 (Figure 3, 4)determining the thickness of the walls 3 and ceilings 4 equal 400-600 mm, the ratio of the areas of the larger and smaller bases of the truncated pyramids of the hub 18 can reach values of 25:1 or 40:1, when the value of the angles between their faces and axes 5-8°. The last value in the specified range reduces the number of reflections of the sun's rays 17 by passing them through the body 19 of the built-in hub and guides sunlight that call is employed to minimize energy losses, associated with the absorption and reflection of solar rays. The ratio of the areas of the larger and smaller bases of the input and output openings of the latter determines, at least, and a corresponding reduction of the heat loss from the internal environment heliopause camera 1 to the environment, to ensure that they are closed by a thin translucent layers of insulating material 21 is executed in the form, in one embodiment, the optical lenses. As this material can be applied thin glass with good optical characteristics, the glass film and other materials. The "glazing" of the bases of the housings 19 can be done individually, with clearances between the respective sections of translucent material, or composition of building blocks and even walls 3, ceilings 4 in General. The choice is determined by the adopted technological scheme additional utilization of the heat loss, in certain embodiments where the air from the external atmosphere gets purposeful movement along the outer surfaces of the housings 19 in the internal environment heliopause camera for heating and further use as the working fluid and coolant.

Figure 4 shows one of the most preferred mounting options built-in hub and conductors Solnechnaya in the building blocks of 16. The latter is composed of three Assembly modules 22, between which is formed an air cavity 23, which play an important role in increasing the efficiency of thermal insulation heliopause camera 1, including part of one of the technological schemes of utilization of the heat loss. Assembly modules 22 is made in this case of foamed glass, separated reference sites 24 (conventionally shown combining the functions of the transition luciotraut) and have the form of a parallelepiped with a thickness (height) of each individual 50-150 mm In this example construction built-in hub 18, the housing 19 is composed of three parts in the form of truncated cones, separated within the air cavity 23 of the supporting pads 24 are printed on their cylindrical surfaces luciotraut coating and having on their ends of the radial grooves shallow depth for the free promotion of air. In another embodiment, the support platform can be performed on the ends of the Assembly modules 22, or in other places not connected with the channel-fiber. The splicing of three main parts it can be done without the use of cylindrical luteotrophic inserts 24, and due to the convergence of input and output openings within the air gap so that the sun's rays had not received access to the air cavity 23 between barackumentary, but the air had the opportunity to freely flow.

This example shows the performance of buildings built hub 18 of the constituent elements (there may be more than three) of conical shape, although the application of the latter to the outer part of the housing 19 is not optimal.

Input and output apertures of each constituent element of the housing 19 is closed with a thin layer of translucent insulating material. Between the surfaces of the composite modules 22 can also be located translucent layers of insulating material 21, as shown in Figure 4, but the latter must be formed through holes of appropriate size and at appropriate locations for the passage of air, depending on the adopted technological scheme of utilization of heat losses that occur on the surfaces of the housings 19 built-in hub and guides sunlight and penetrating from the closed cavity heliopause camera 1.

The output of the concentrated solar rays 17 last through luchetti channel 25 - the inner light guide, also provided luciotraut surface 20. This fiber is made by an increased cross-sectional area of concentrated flow (beam) solar rays 17 with decreasing PL is in the surrounding area of their supplying energy to birds and their orientation in a given coordinate in the domain of technological heliopause material 6, 7. In the present embodiment, this orientation is carried out through the use of auxiliary luteotrophic surfaces 26, which are, mainly, with adjustable position and containing another side luciotraut faces (figure 4 are not shown). The consolidation of the internal light guide 25 is made through openings made in additional shelter heat insulating layer 27. This layer is made of a thermally material, such as foam glass, is covered with a heat insulator, in particular asbestos-cement plates, designed for thermal insulation from high temperature of the internal environment heliopause camera 1 its inner thrust bearing structural base 28 (for example, in the form of derivatices beams, proven as effective components for the upcoming solar construction). The location of load-bearing structures of the internal reference database 28 based on the fact that the distance between the axes of the built-in hub and guides sunlight between them with smaller bases - output openings have significant value in mind conical (pyramidal) body structure 19. The design is thus made so that the supporting beams, determining the durability and wind resistance heliopause camera 1, u is arranged between the beams of highly concentrated streams of sunlight, without reducing its outer transparent surface. This solution is essential to implement the method, according to the alleged invention, and to overcome the limitations in the provision of quality insulation heliopause camera 1. Moreover, since the air in the internal environment of the last in a heated form is used for energy purposes, and must constantly fill the air cavity between the additional insulating layer 27 and the inner surface it is included in the technological scheme of utilization of heat loss, with the inflow of external air through the air above layers, sucking away the heat loss from the body building blocks and effectively cooling all need this elements of design. In heliopause camera 1 is provided backup and relief air ducts: a) through the bottom 2 held auxiliary intake channel 29 controlled by valve 30 and the opening 31 in the closed cavity, separated additional insulating layer 27; through the ceiling 4 has been supporting the de-aeration channel 32 connected to the adjustable valve 33, at the entrance which can be installed as an automatic safety valve against excess pressure and temperature relative to the backside of the frame limiting values in heliopause camera 1. The air outlet from the cavity, separated by an additional insulating layer 27, in the internal environment of the latter through vozduhopotok 34. A similar channel from the devices 29, 30, 31 runs in the first air layer 23 between the Assembly modules 22 that the illustrations are not shown. These auxiliary intake channels created for cases where performance vozduhoplotskii along the surfaces of the housings 19 built-in hub 18 is insufficient under the terms of the PTO from heliopause camera 1.

For high-efficiency power increase of heliotropiaceae and temperature increase in the technological materials 6, 7 applied external hubs sun rays 35 and additional luciotraut surface 36. The outer hub includes a top 37 and bottom 38 luciotraut surface, and the side 39 luciotraut surface (Figure 5), which are located approximately vertically, and therefore in figure 1 they are not shown.

All four luciotraut surface-face of the outer hub 35 of the sun's rays 17 are oriented between a spatial form, resembling a truncated four-sided pyramid. If he was given the simplified function, approximately, as for discounted household options, it faces together about asociale would rather precisely the shape of a truncated pyramid. However, in high-performance implementations of the method, according to the alleged invention, the top 37 and bottom 38 faces of the outer hub 35 sun rays, you must perform the rotatable relative to the soil surface in function of the coordinates of the solar disk in the sky (or the time of day)to provide a greater intensity of the fluxes of solar rays 17, coming on the irradiated surface heliopause camera 1, and send them into the inner hub 18 (and conductor) sun rays possible under a smaller angle to its axis. In addition, the outer hub 35 of the sun's rays 17 are provided and additional parallel functions as a hub natural wind 40.

The top face 37 is made approximately trapezoidal and fixed by the smaller base of the via pillars of rotation 41, located on the supporting structure 42, a built-in external reference base heliopause camera 1. Direct determination of the angular position of the face 37 is carried out by the ropes 43 (rope slings), attached to one of its ends to the tensioner mechanisms 44, 45, 46, and by others to the peripheral endings of the supporting structure of the face. The tensioner mechanisms 44, 45 are located at the rear of the support structure 47, on which is also fixed an additional l is citraraya surface 36 by means of supports rotation (rotation) 48, wire rope slings 49 and the tension device 50 (the second tensioning device of this design combined with the above-mentioned tensioning device 46).

The bottom face is also made approximately trapezoidal shape and is fixed by the smaller base of the via pillars of rotation 51 (sliding or rolling) to the support posts 52, located by means of the fastening means on the soil surface 53. The support legs 52 are an integral part of the outer base heliopause camera 1 and part support structures, to which (in particular, by means of vertical supports rotation) fixed side luciotraut surface 39 of the side faces approximately trapezoidal outer hub sunlight. Peripheral part of the bottom face 38 in the end position, at an angle of about 30° to the horizontal plane, based on the supporting rack 54, the height of which in industrial structures has a value of about 2 m Area under the lower face 38 and under heliopause camera 1 is intended for household use, in particular for the cultivation of vegetables and fruits in conditions close to the greenhouse. The angle of rotation of the lower luciotraut surface 38 is defined using wire rope slings 55, who were among their ends secured to its peripheral structures, the other - to stretch the mechanisms 56, enshrined, in particular, on supporting structures 42.

The basic design of the faces 37, 38, 39 external hub sunlight is made on the basis of light, strong and rigid derivatices beams with special impregnation, to which is attached a supporting material faces covered luciotraut surfaces. In an industrial, heavy-duty variant of the method according to the alleged invention, the carrier material of the bottom edge 38 is made of fiberglass or wood flooring that can withstand high wind loads in the working position up to 30 m/s At higher wind load tensioning mechanisms 56 using wire rope slings 55 that face rises in the extreme top - windproof position and rests in the previously assembled package of the other three faces (37, 39), which together are based on the load-bearing structural base heliopause cavity and capable of withstanding wind speeds up to 50 m/s In those regions where typhoons with wind speeds of more than 180 km/h, apply additional tools organisasie.

Bearing material covered luciotraut surfaces, the other three sides (top and two sides) can be an elastic surface, fabric or fiberglass with reinforcing threads or that the kami, or more hard surface is made of fiberglass, polyurethane foam, other sufficiently durable composite materials. They must withstand a wind load in the working position up to 25 m/s, at which time they are added to the package, based on the underlying supporting structures of high strength. When exceeding the wind speed at 30 m/s, they protected the lower face, which rises in the extreme upper windproof position.

In low-power industrial, domestic, and especially mobile implementations of the method according to the present invention, the design feature of all faces 37, 38, 39 external hub 35 of the sun's rays 17 and heliopause camera 1 is the mobility Assembly-disassembly using light pipes, wires and fixtures for fastening the load-bearing materials, with luciotraut coatings in the plane of the faces. In the case of the flexible load carrying material may be applied to winding drums mechanisms winding-unwinding. However, a common feature of all variants of constructions is lightweight faces 37 and 39 and the increased strength of the bottom face 38, which determines the resulting wind resistance of the whole structure.

If mobile versions side faces of the outer hub sunlight they shall have a total surface of 20 m 2that is quickly and easily assembled and rebased, then this means that a collapsible heliopause camera with a surface of each of the four walls in 1 m2will have power in most regions of Russia and Belarus 1-2 kW, with the possibility of easy expansion up to 5-10 kW through the use of additional luteotrophic surfaces 36.

The latter can be performed in numerous designs. In the considered industrial variant already mentioned the extra luciotraut surface with fixing by bearing rotation 48 relative to the support rack 47 (Figure 1). Good technical and economic option would be to consolidate luteotrophic surfaces relative to the cable car tracks - upper 57 and lower 58, the features of the suspension system which is not shown. It is particularly important that such additional luciotraut surface can be located on the Northern side of heliopause camera 1, and the slope can be easily adjusted by the position of the cable route 58. Luciotraut (optional) surface 36 can be manufactured in the form of a set of light plates, roll to roll flexible materials during transportation, to be positioned and secured through a variety of available tools.

Feature variations is that the implementation of the method for Northern regions, where the power of solar radiation in winter is reduced to 0.03 kW/m2and below, is the use of multi-row cable designs, the type of the constructions with the cable car tracks 57, 58, and lifting structures using tanks with light gas, kept the tension devices through the cable stretch marks, and have thus to be directed into the input aperture of the outer hub sunlight as direct rays from low-placed solar disk, and the reflected snow sunlight with very large areas. As the cost of each thousand square meters of additional luteotrophic surfaces in the Northern regions will not exceed 6-7 thousand dollars, it means that for every 1 kW of installed thermal capacity heliopause camera will not exceed (when the power of solar radiation 0,03 kW/m2) 300 US dollars. The cost of 1 kW of installed capacity standard thermal power plants operating on natural gas, significantly exceeds this value. However, when implementing the method according to the present invention, there is no need delivery and combustion of natural gas, oil or coal for heat, and then electrical energy.

In the regions, for example, Arab Republ is Ki Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and the Middle East and Southeast Asia, including India, Vietnam, Korea and China, the cost of 1 kW of installed capacity of geliotermoelektrichesky after testing their components in mass production, and also taking into account production and electrical energy, will not exceed $ 400, that is, serial eliteprospects.com capacity of 1 million kW will have cost no more than $ 400 million and the payback period of the construction costs will not exceed 3 years.

In the present embodiment of implementation of the proposed method the outer hub 35 sunlight attached to the hub surface of the natural wind with the purpose of additional power generation. Wind 40, arriving at the input of its opening, the energy is condensed, passing through created pyramid design. The bottom layer of concentrated wind 40 enters through metronapoli and luciotraut design 59 under the bottom surface of the bottom 2 and then converted into the channels, which are graphical illustrations not shown. Inclined bottom surface of the bottom 2 can be disposed in a directional Vetropack seeping through him, heat loss, and even create artificial Vetropack in addition to natural.

Middle and upper layers of the ve is robotica 40 come in micropropagules channels, reflected from the upper edge 37 and the side faces 39.

Additional luciotraut surface can be secured in a manner around heliopause camera 1, which is reflecting the sun's rays in the desired direction, they also guide and concentrate the natural Vetropack.

Heliopause camera 1 with a built-in hub 18 and the conductors of the sun's rays 17 and the outer hub 35 of sunlight and natural wind, energetically enhanced additional luciotraut surfaces 36, constitute together a single heliotropiaceae complex, allowing subsequent channels to develop and electricity.

Figure 5 shows the preferred embodiment of the method according to the present invention, the main technical and economic indicators for industrial designs of power plants. Here heliopora camera 1 has approximately toroidal shape, covering the axis 60 and the inner space 61 in which are placed the subsequent formation channels.

Vertical luciotraut and microtrauma faces 39 of the outer surrounding space divided into 12 sectors, and around this space posted by cable car route 57, 58, on which axis 60, in a circle, moves more loucheur the outer surface, the inclination of which relative to the soil surface depends on the location of its conditional clockwise direction and accordingly, the position of the sun. The change in the slope of additional luciotraut surface 36 in accordance with the movement of the solar disk in the sky, you can direct the sun's rays on the built-in hub and guides sunlight with maximum power flow under minimum angle to their axis.

Figure 6 shows a fragment of the considered variant of the method according to the invention, along section a-a indicated in figure 5. In this case, in a vertical section presents heliopause camera 1 covering around the axis 60 of the working space 61, where the recycling of thermal energy resulting from the absorption chamber 1 sun rays 17, is supplied into the space 61 in the form of superheated steam-air mixture. The latter refers to the majority of consumers 15 thermal energy. Figure 6 shows the various options for the location of additional luteotrophic surfaces 36 and directions of the reflected their sunlight 17 in the input cavity of the outer hub 35 of sunlight.

Works proposed method termopreobrazovateli sunlight, according to the present invention, in one embodiment, e is about implementation, shown in figure 1-6, as follows.

The sun's rays 17, direct and reflected from the additional luteotrophic surfaces 36 that are received in the input aperture of the outer hub 35 of the sun's rays, having a form resembling a truncated four-sided hollow pyramid. Part of them passes through the inner cavity of the latter directly to the built-in hub and conductors 18 of sunlight in the composition of the building blocks of 16. Another part of the sun's rays 17 hits luciotraut faces 37, 38, 39, converging between a contour resembling less based pyramid shape, and is reflected from them, falling on him as the output aperture of the outer hub 35 of sunlight in the composition of energy-compressed stream. This pre-concentrated radiation flows through the built-in hub and conductors 18 of sunlight into the internal cavity heliopause camera 1 in the form of highly concentrated radiation beam through the output openings of the latter with small cross sections (in comparison with inlet openings built-in hub and guide the sun's rays). The energy density of sunlight entering into heliopause cavity 1, such that the temperature in the chamber can rise up to 500°and more. When such internal is the temperature would have to be very high heat losses, which at the current ways of using solar energy would exceed the energy deposited sunlight from outside. Therefore, the temperature in the internal environment of the existing heliotropiaceae does not exceed 70-80°With, in the best of them. However, the built-in hub, in the present embodiment, due to the small cross section of the output aperture, and reduces radiation, and convective-conductive components of the heat loss to a small or even negligible magnitude with regard to high thermal insulating characteristics and a large thickness of the base, perceiving external power load, opaque insulating material in the building blocks of 16 heliopause camera 1. At the same time connected in series with it the outer hub 35 sunlight powerfully fuels included in heliopause the camera 1, the rays of the sun, like a powerful pump, in turn feeding from the surrounding atmosphere, as from a source of infinite power, reflected sunlight from additional luteotrophic surfaces 36. The cost of the last in this variant implementation of the method is negligible compared with the cost of the technological elements of the accumulation and conversion of thermal energy, and they are placed in the volume of the surrounding space, which required the s to obtain the desired amount of energy, including at any distance within a straight connection between them and the centre. Beams of highly concentrated sunlight into the internal cavity heliopause camera 1 via internal svetovodov 25, 26 that extend these bundles, reducing the energy density of them, capable of burning through the dark items, and send them on the surface of high-temperature heliotropiaceae material 6 and the surrounding water 7. Although the material 6 having a temperature of 150°and even much more, located in well-insulated containers 8, the heat of them very significant. However, they are utilized in most of the increases in water temperature 7, and the ambient air. Hot water is available in the energy channels 11 for the formation of steam as the working fluid, with a partial return it in a circular loop and fill its volume from the outside. In parallel to the energy channels 11 under the pressure of the heated air from the internal environment heliopause camera 1, which is followed by formation of the economically most advantageous modes of vaporization and creates a steam-air mixture as the working fluid upon receipt of electric energy in protobulgarian and when the supply of other consumers (15). Steam-air mixture is fed to Energoprom the reforms on channels 12, 13 through the regulator given power 14.

However, pumping heated air from the internal environment heliopause camera 1 creates a vacuum under the influence through which air cavity 23 formed between the Assembly modules 22, and along the outer surfaces of the housings 19 built-in hub 18 is called unidirectional air flow from the ambient atmosphere inside, which utilizes all kinds of heat, thus simultaneously improving the reliability of the whole structure by stabilizing its temperature. If the temperature of the internal environment and housing in General heliopause chamber 1 increases relative to the set of modes that increase the returns useful thermal power through the regulator 14, and when this is not possible under any circumstances, is in effect a safety system of energy channels and devices(29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34).

To further reduce heat loss from the high temperature process material 6 located mainly in the molten lucasnataliet state, he served in containers 8 dark, deeply corrugated sheet material 10, such as steel sheet. It corrugations or additional internal heat transfer thermal energy of the molten process material 6, sharply limiting zlecenie heat, and through him, and insulated containers 8 - water, with the subsequent use of this thermal energy.

Despite the use of these technological schemes of utilization of the heat loss, the body heliopause camera has an increased temperature relative to the environment, which is the heat transfer to the ambient air. Therefore, the proposed method provides for the outer contour of the utilization of heat losses through the use of heated ambient air. The scheme is based on the fact that the outer hub 35 of the sun's rays 17, having an approximate pyramid shape, and reminds known microconcentric compusory with large spatial dimensions. So in this way the outer hub 35 sunlight 17 can be used as a hub natural metropolice 40. In addition, the inclined surface of the bottom 2 heliopause camera 1 through its heat loss and creates an artificial wind from the environment towards the technological space 61, covering the axis 60 as the axial geometric center of the outer surface of the camera 1, including a closed toroidal form. The creation of artificial wind from all sides from the periphery to the center promote luciotraut hubs wind located on a circle.

Therefore, natural and artificial metropolice 40 wash the outer surface heliopause camera 1 and the inner surface of the outer hub 35 sunlight 17 heated by reflected sunlight, taking heat out of the chamber, and sent to the technological annular space 61, where it is used in further thermodynamic and aerobicise processes of energy transformations (their principles and patterns in this case is not considered).

As a result of implementation of the method according to the present invention, using the serial connection of the hub sunlight and additional luteotrophic surfaces is targeted pumping sunlight in heliopause the camera, this creates the possibility of a particularly effective insulation heliopause camera provides multilevel utilization of heat losses, whereby resolves the main conflict in heliotropiaceae, reduced or even eliminated the limitation of heat losses and increasing the capacity of energy transformations in heliopause installations covered with a translucent insulating material. This allows you to create powerful heliotropiaceae complex is, the unit cost of which does not exceed the achieved level of its traditional industrial and municipal boiler houses and CHP plants based on combustion of energetic materials, and paving the way for environmental and techno-economic transformation of all energy.

The proposed method termopreobrazovateli solar energy, in case of realization of the claim 1. patent formulas of the present invention, provides major environmental and techno-economic effect, and its efficiency is increased further by implementing all or some of the patent claims.

1. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy, based on increasing the insulating properties and light transmission surfaces of the closed heliopause camera, where they perform the energy conversion of sunlight into heat energy and which is limited on all sides with insulating material, in particular in the form of insulating the floor, walls and ceiling, and they are mainly of translucent materials, heating up its technological heliotropiaceae materials, and at the same time to ensure the limitation of heat losses, including their radial components, through translucent materials, occupying the area of the part surfaces indicated the data walls and ceilings and reducing their insulating characteristics, application in heliopause camera technological materials with lucaogou characteristics, specific heat capacities and thermal storage properties and the accumulation of thermal energy in the technological materials heliopause camera for a period determined by the technical requirements of the consumers and the statistical characteristics of weather and seasonal conditions, characterized in that the internal environment heliopause camera is separated from the external environment from the internal surfaces of its walls and/or ceilings, mostly opaque insulating material, at that time, as the sun's rays from the surrounding space of the target image is sent inside heliopause camera, at least two consecutive hub and guide the sun's rays, the first of which perform as an external hub sunlight using luteotrophic surfaces, available in the surrounding heliopause camera space in such a way that reflected their sunlight received on the exposed areas of the latter, for example, guide them by way of a truncated four-sided hollow pyramid, the sides of which provide Lokotrack material and create through these peripheral border of her IU the further base, immediately adjacent the outer surface of heliopause camera and an output aperture of the outer hub of the solar rays, and a larger base of which are the input opening, which is directed towards the direct and reflected solar rays passing through it from the surrounding space and coming, thanks Lokotrack surfaces of its faces, concentrated flow to the appropriate areas of the surfaces heliopause cameras and the area of the input aperture of the outer hub sunlight exceeds the area of the output aperture, thus the angular position of at least one of the edges of the last adjusted relative to the outer surface of heliopause camera as a function of time of day, seasonal and annual periods why between these adjacent faces relative to the surface heliopause cameras make available the technological gaps that allow you to change their mutual position, and the second used the built-in hub and guide the sun's rays, which form by creating a field built on the entire thickness of opaque insulating material covering heliopause camera, three-dimensional geometric shapes, for example in the form of a hollow truncated tetrahedral shall aramid and/or cones, surface of which is covered Lokotrack material, and the free base is closed with a thin translucent insulating material through which data geometric shapes contain a fixed volume of insulating gas environment, the external hub sunlight supply additional luciotraut surfaces placed in the environment at fixed and/or regulated as a function of time and weather conditions, the provisions relative to the surface of the soil, including horizontal, inclined or vertical position, and secured, for example, through additional installed supports, cable structures and/or devices with the lifting tanks and inflatable forms, nearby buildings, improvised and respectively oriented folds with the help of which direct streams of reflected sunlight at right angles in the direction of the input aperture of the outer hub sunlight, especially in winter, additional streams of sunlight reflected by the snow cover, while on the outer surfaces of opaque insulating material heliopause camera, which features built-in hubs and guides sunlight, place them in a large area of the core is of, geometrical parameters and relative position of which is chosen so that the adjoining sides of adjacent bases are adjacent to each other, while on the inner surface of its opaque insulating material have a smaller base built-in hub and guides sunlight, the area of each of which is smaller than the area of the larger base and defines a cross-section of concentrated streams of sunlight entering into heliopause the camera, and between adjacent sides of the smaller bases form a distance,exceeding the length of their cross-section, allowing further reduce heat loss heliopause cameras, including their radial components include a support structure lastand separate them from its internal environment of an additional insulating layer of material with the establishment of the air, which are called the support structure, the separated additional insulating layer, connected with the means of utilization of the heat loss heliopause chamber through which heated them the air is pumped out and used as a carrier for various purposes, and for areas of concentrated streams of sunlight coming from the built-in hub provodnikov sunlight, create internal luchetti, for example, in the form of hollow glass tubes equipped with luciotraut surfaces, which are secured by means of the formed through-holes in an additional shelter heat insulating layer and which is formed into the shape that they exit the increase in the cross section of each of the concentrated solar rays and the direction of its fixed plots heliopause and thermal storage materials, including using intermediate luteotrophic and lucernis surfaces.

2. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy according to claim 1, characterized in that the effectiveness of the insulation and Energysystem heliopause camera increase through that opaque insulating material with built-in hubs and guides sunlight is used, in particular, when creating its walls and/or ceilings in the form of pre-fabricated building blocks fixed to its inner supporting structure, and building blocks operates mainly from a flat, approximately rectangular, Assembly modules, which are sequentially connected in packages that form as a product of technological Assembly of ready-made building blocks, and assembling the modules in paketi is the Finance share insulating air layers with support distantsiruyutsa insulating pads, moreover, in a heat insulating material Assembly modules embed marked constituent elements that constitute the resulting profile embedded hub and guides sunlight and which have the shape of a hollow geometric shapes, in particular, truncated four-sided pyramids, the surfaces of which provide luciotraut materials, and base cover translucent insulating material, subject to an insignificant magnitude of the coefficients of absorption and reflection of sunlight, and sequentially changing cross sections of the constituent elements of the built-in hub and guides sunlight match them luciotraut surfaces so that the sun's rays in the assembled and mounted on the internal supporting structures of the building blocks receive only the resulting unidirectional passage from outdoor space in the internal environment heliopause camera, with at least part of the air insulating layers formed between the Assembly modules building blocks are combined, for example, sequentially, with the tools and recovery systems heat losses.

3. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the hollow volume of geometric fo what we surface of which is covered Lokotrack material and which form the built-in hub and guides sunlight, lay in the form of ready-made designs in consistently located and structurally paired openings of the respective cross-sections contained in the assembled building blocks, which include bulleted Assembly modules made with them in these apertures and insulating air layers between them, and the Foundation of the ready-made designs of geometric shapes embedded hub and guides sunlight close translucent insulating material individually and/or in the composition of the assembled building blocks.

4. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the insulating air layers formed between the Assembly modules, building blocks, connect with each other, with the environment and the internal environment heliopause camera through a fixed gap created between the outer surfaces of the sections of volume of geometric shapes and surfaces corresponding openings in the Assembly modules, thus a unidirectional air flow from the ambient atmosphere into the internal environment of heliopause camera along poverkhnostyami geometric shapes as part of the built-in hub and guides sunlight, whereby taking thermal energy generated and transmitted in the internal environment of the building blocks, the air flow through the latter create by pumping air from heliopause camera for later use it as a coolant, and at least one of the insulating air layer is related to the ambient atmosphere through Vodokanal conducted through the bottom and an adjustable valve, through the ceiling heliopause camera conducted additional air channel connected to the adjustable valve and to the safety device, through which protect the latter against excessive internal pressure and temperature in excess of the allowed values.

5. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the hollow volumetric geometrical shape as the constituent elements of the built-in hub and guides sunlight, are made of metal and/or glass, plastics and composite materials with luciotraut surfaces.

6. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the hollow volumetric geometrical shape as the constituent elements of the built-in hub and guides sunlight supply, at least about the Noah luciotraut longitudinal partition for example, passing through their center lines.

7. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the outer hub of the sun's rays do rotatable about a vertical axis, which is geometrically axial center of the outer surface heliopause camera, why his face is fixed relative to the support base last through the poles of rotation and relative to the surface of the soil - for example, by moving the supports moving along a prepared track, and the weight of the materials with which made the faces of the outer hub of the sun's rays, including their supporting structures and fixed on them the material provided luciotraut surfaces, balance, mainly by means of wire rope slings, which through linear moving rotating mechanisms, which administers the coiling and uncoiling, associated supporting structures supporting base heliopause camera with peripheral structures, and accessories of the external faces of the hub of the sun's rays, while the rotary mechanisms of wire rope slings perform manual and/or automated actuators, with which help regulate the spatial position of the faces, geometric shape and location of the external concentration is ora sunlight in General functions of the coordinates of the solar disk in the sky and angles of direct and reflected sunlight, coming to the outer surfaces heliopause camera, and with the increasing wind speed to structurally limit - face warehoused in windproof position in the form of composite construction, based on the outer bearing base heliopause camera.

8. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that create choroidopathy heliopause the camera in the form of a closed circle design, the external and internal surfaces of the walls which give, approximately, the appearance of truncated multi-faceted pyramids, covering common Central axis, and an insulating translucent wall, made of the above building blocks, connect the bottom with the flat bottom, approximate ring shape, the thickness of which is determined by the size of its insulating structures and placing them in the technological, heliotropiaceae and heat-retaining materials and energy channels, and above - ceiling similar form, the thickness of which is defined mainly, the height of these building blocks, whereby to form the internal environment heliopause camera choroidopathy forms, and the space surrounding the Central axis and limited by the perimeter of the latter, used for placing the energy is optical equipment, which is associated with the functioning heliopause camera, including turboelectric units, and choroidopathy heliopause the camera is equipped with at least one outer hub sunlight, for example, rotating around it in accordance with the function control its position, and around the last building infrastructure hosting and management provision additional luteotrophic surfaces, and the outer hub sunlight is used simultaneously as a device for the concentration of the natural flow of the wind, which by means of auxiliary devices mounted on the supporting base heliopause camera is directed to the input thermohardening circuit turboelectric unit, using the reference base the last place the mechanisms and devices for controlling the position of the outer hub sunlight and its individual faces.

9. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that heliopause the camera perform in the shape of a ball, primarily to create greenhouses, aquariums and sports facilities.

10. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that heliopause the camera perform in the form of a cylinder, p is imushestvenno, for the energy supply of household objects.

11. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that heliopause the camera perform in the form of a truncated pyramid, primarily, to create a solar household objects, including for cooking.

12. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that heliopause the camera perform in the form of a parallelepiped, mainly for household objects in the Northern regions.

13. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the relatively heliopause camera, for example, in its choroidopathy form, place at least two adjacent stationary external hub sunlight, the contours of which are close to the form of hollow truncated four-sided pyramids, the angular position of at least one of the edges which regulate Autonomous and which by means of the fastening devices are placed mainly flat material provided, in particular, on both sides luciotraut surfaces, and each of the external faces of the hub of the sun's rays do, approximately, in the form of trapezoid, the bases of which are placed in pairs, roughly parallel and perpendicular to a surface the particular soil, moreover, the design of trapezoidal faces are made of composite prefabricated structural elements, such as tubes, wires and mounting hardware for which carry out the consolidation, including mobile, flat material with luciotraut surfaces, and trapezoidal faces have relative to each other with the technological gaps, allowing them offline servicing, while the lower side of the grounds trapezoidal faces of each stationary external hub sunlight is fixed relative to the outer support base heliopause camera through the poles of rotation and opposite large side - by restraint rope lanyard and swivel mechanisms with manual and/or remote-controlled actuators, which provide for the regulation of the angular position relative to the surface of the soil of the lower and upper trapezoidal faces of the stationary external hub sunlight in function of the coordinates of the solar disk in the sky and putting all of trapezoidal faces in the wind-resistant design when reaching wind speeds of project specified limit.

14. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that, as mA is Arial, placed in the planes of the faces of the outer hub sunlight and equipped with luciotraut surfaces, apply a lightweight building structure and decoration plates outdoor use, heavy-duty derivatices beams and/or pre-stressed cables, which improve the design limit wind load in working condition external hub sunlight.

15. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the material placed in the planes of the faces of the outer hub sunlight and equipped with luciotraut surfaces, apply flexible, for example, a fabric material which is covered with a film material containing luciotraut floor, the latter protect from weather and mechanical damage by a protective material.

16. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the material placed in the planes of the faces of the outer hub sunlight and equipped with luciotraut surfaces, apply composite, plastic and polymer materials.

17. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the material placed in the planes Gras is her external hub sunlight and equipped with luciotraut surfaces, use flat material in the form of a rigid plate, for example, fiberglass, covered with Lokotrack material and which are given different shapes in the layout kits, appropriate design forms and sizes of these faces, and the plates are provided with a marking in accordance with the technological scheme of consolidation in the plane of the faces, in this design the latter contain devices for mobile docking and removal of the plates.

18. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the mobile mounting devices, by means of which feature in the planes of the faces of the outer hub sunlight flexible luciotraut material, use mechanisms with the winding reel, the length of which corresponds to the maximum width of the flexible lucotrudeau material, by rotation of which the latter is unwound and delivered in the plane of these faces, and flexible luciotraut material is fixed by means of ropes and/or high-strength fibers, and filament winding drums are placed in the sides of the bases of these faces and fix them relative to the ground surface and the load-bearing structural elements heliopause camera.

19. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy on p. 1 ili, characterized in that as the main heliotropiaceae and thermal storage material located in the internal environment heliopause camera, use substances, mainly their technical mixtures, with the possibility of phase transitions from solid to liquid and back and the ability of persistence in molten form at temperatures far above the boiling point of water, for example, mixtures of salts of alkali metals and/or stearine, plastics, and as an auxiliary heliopause and thermal storage material - water, through which surround the insulated vessel with the main high-temperature, heat-retaining material, and thermal storage water volume is placed in a group of insulated containers, in which insulating supports placed a vessel with the main heat storage material, thereby substantially disposed heat loss of the main heat-retaining material, the latter being secured by means of removable structures and mobile devices in technological applications and group capacity to perform in a constructive and technological unity with the bottom heliopause camera, while a vessel with the main technological theblackhole the existing material equip energy channels, in which water is supplied from a group of tanks and air from the internal environment heliopause camera to increase their energy potential as heat transfer fluids, and these containers are tightly closed with a sheet of heat conducting material, connected to the heatsinks, immersed in the molten heat storage material, for example, by applying a sheet material to a corrugated surface.

20. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the source is local lighting is used to heat the heat storage material in heliopause the camera, for example, through the use of devices with thermoelectronic emission and/or spectral characteristics of the ionized gas environment while improving their temperature.

21. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the outer hub sunlight is used simultaneously as confusion, concentrating and directing ground natural Vetropack, which in one Cabinet run, placement and retention heliopause cameras have metronapoli louvers above and below the latter, through which the concentrated Vetropack direct the production of electricity in the subsequent process to which the contour, this heliopause the camera is placed on the supporting pillars above the soil surface than expand technological capabilities concentrations simultaneously and sunlight, and natural metropolice.

22. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that heliopause camera together with placed on it by the external hub sunlight is used for the desalination of sea water.

23. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that home and mobile use cases heliopause the camera is used as a means for hot food processing.

24. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the mobile and consumer use cases heliopause the camera used for hot working of ceramic products.

25. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that in field use case heliopause the camera is used as a laboratory version of a heating furnace, including to obtain molten fusible material.

26. How termopreobrazovateli solar energy under item 1 or 2, characterized in that in field use case heliopause cameras is used as a means for drying pharmacy herbs, mushrooms, vegetables, fruits and fish.



 

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