Building cradle used during production of central support member for gas air-cooling plant fan engine or sections thereof

FIELD: heat-exchanging equipment production, particularly for power machinery building.

SUBSTANCE: building cradle comprises system including members with support-and-guiding surfaces adapted to temporarily receive support panel for fan engine installation, wherein the support panel is temporarily secured to above support-and-guiding surfaces. The support-and-guiding surfaces are also used to receive support plates to fasten tension bar ends and connection plates arranged between the support plates. Building cradle member for support panel receiving define a circle in plane and has at least one horizontal support-and-guiding surface. Building cradle members for support and connection plates are mainly formed as prisms having trapezoid cross-sections with at least outer inclined face forming support-and-guiding surface to receive support and connection plates of central support member for fan engine installation.

EFFECT: increased manufacturability of gas air-cooling plant production, simplified assemblage, reduced costs and increased reliability and service life of structure to be produced.

10 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to power engineering and can be used in the manufacture of heat exchangers, in particular in the manufacture of devices for air cooling of the gas.

Known mounting jig for Assembly consisting of a Central panel and side panels, mounting jig is designed for installation in a predetermined mutual position of the Central panel and the mounting of the sectors formed by joining the side panels between them, the joint cutting of bolt holes and connecting the Central panel with mounting sectors with installation pristykovatsya plates around the perimeter of the product (RU, patent No. 2019010, 1994).

A device for Assembly and welding of shell segments, including devices that provide anchorage of the segments in the desired mutual position with clearances (SU inventor's certificate No. 770703, 1980).

The known device cannot provide the Assembly and welding products, having a Central element and peripheral elements attached to the Central element at different angles to the surface with the formation of the socket.

The present invention is to improve the manufacturability of the Central support element under the fan motor support structure of the air about what ladenia gas, simplification of Assembly of its elements while reducing labor and materialsfrom.

The problem is solved due to the fact that the jig for manufacturing the Central support element under the fan motor air cooler gas or partition according to the invention contains a system of elements with the lighthouse surfaces intended for installation with a temporary resting on them and temporal technological fixation anchor site for the fan motor, and also to install the backing plates for attaching the end sections of the fibers and placed between the support plates connecting plates, and the building element under the control site for the fan motor are made mostly circular in plan and has at least one horizontal support-surface lighthouse and elements of the building under the support and connecting plate are made mostly in the form of a trapezoidal vertical cross section of the prisms with at least the outer inclined face forming the supporting-lighthouse surface, respectively, under the support and connecting plate of the Central support element under the fan motor.

Item shipyard under the control site for the fan motor may be provided spaced in terms of the circumference of the tabs on what I temporary technological fastening on him the support site for the fan motor.

The outer radius R of the building element under the control site for the fan motor can be made smaller than the minimum distance L from the Central vertical axis of the slipway to the outer edge of the reference area for the fan motor in the radial direction, normal to the line joining the frame face any of inclined spaced supporting plates for attaching the end sections of the tie rod and the connecting plates of the Central support element under the fan motor.

Angle α between at least the top of the building element under the control site for the fan motor and the lighthouse surface under the base plate of the Central support element under the fan motor can be made to the appropriate angle toward her base plate of the respective strand.

Angle α between at least the top of the building element under the control site for the fan motor and the lighthouse surface under the base plate of the Central support element under the fan motor can be made large corresponding angles β and γformed between the plane and the lighthouse surfaces of building elements under any of the connecting plates of the Central support element under the motor is tel fan.

Elements of the building under a pair of opposite connecting plates of the Central support element under the fan motor may form, at least with the top plane of the element shipyard under the control space under the fan motor is different-sized angles β and γlarge β for elements oriented along the longitudinal axis of the air cooling of the gas, and for smaller items, oriented along the transverse axis of the device or partition.

Angle α between at least the top of the building element under the control site for the fan motor and the lighthouse surface under the base plate of the Central support element under the fan motor may be 123,0°-141,0°.

Angle β between at least the top of the building element under the control space under the engine fan and elements of the building under the connecting plate, oriented along the longitudinal axis of the device or its sections, may be 118,0°-132,0°.

Angle γ between at least the top of the building element under the control space under the engine fan and elements of the building under the connecting plate, oriented along the transverse axis of the apparatus or its sections, may be level 113.0°-123,0°.

Angle α between, on to what ina least the top of the building element under the control site for the fan motor and the lighthouse surface under the base plate of the Central support element under the fan motor may be 128,5°-136,0°and the corners β and γ between the said plane and elements of the building under the connecting plate, oriented respectively along the longitudinal axis of the device or its sections and along the transverse axis of the apparatus or its sections can be respectively 121,5°-128,0° and 116,0°-120,0°.

Technical result provided by the invention is to improve the manufacturability of the air cooling of the gas, simplifying the Assembly of its elements while reducing labor and materialsfrom and improving the reliability and durability of manufactured design by simplifying the manufacture of supports for the fan motors and the support structure of the device and use for the manufacture of elements of the apparatus developed in the invention tooling, allowing to improve the accuracy of Assembly and to reduce its complexity.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where

figure 1 - the jig for manufacturing the Central support element under the fan motor air cooler gas or section, type in the plan;

p> figure 2 is a section along a-a in figure 1;

figure 3 is a section along b-b In figure 1;

figure 4 is a section along C-C in figure 1;

figure 5 - spatial structure for installing a heat exchange sections and fans in the ABO gas, side view;

Fig 6 is the same as in the plan.

The frame 1 for the manufacture of the Central support element 2 under the fan motor air cooler gas or section contains the elements 3, 4, 5 with the lighthouse surfaces 6, 7, 8, intended for installation with a temporary resting on them and temporal technological fixation of the supporting point 9 under the fan motor, and also for installation of the support plate 10 for mounting the end sections of the fibers 11 and placed between the base plate 10 of the connecting plates 12, 13, 14, 15.

Element 3 building 1 under the control space 9 under the fan motor is made mostly circular in plan and has at least one horizontal support-lighthouse surface 6, and the elements 4 and 5, building 1 under the base 10 and connector 12, 13, 14, 15 plates made mainly in the form of trapezoidal vertical cross section of the prisms with at least the outer inclined face 16, 17, 18, forming the supporting-lighthouse surfaces 7 and 8, respectively, under the support 10 and connector 12, 13, 14, 15 plate support center El the enta 2 under the fan motor.

Element 3 building under the control space 9 under the fan motor is equipped located in the plane of the circumference of the holders 19 for temporary technological fixing it support point 9 under the fan motor.

The outer radius R of the element 3 building 1 under the control space 9 under the fan motor is made smaller than the minimum distance L from the Central vertical axis 20 of the machine 1 to the outer edge 21 of the supporting platform 9 under the fan motor in the radial direction, normal to the line 22 of contiguity to the frame 9 faces 23, 24, 25 any of inclined spaced supporting plates 10 for attaching the end sections of the fibers 11 and the connecting plates of the Central support element 2 under the fan motor.

Angle α between at least the top plane 26 item 3 building 1 under the control space 9 under the fan motor and the lighthouse surface 7 of the support plate 10 of the Central support element 2 under the fan motor is made to the appropriate angle toward her support plate 10 corresponding strand 11.

Angle α between at least the top plane 26 item 3 building 1 under the control space 9 under the fan motor and the lighthouse surface 7 of the support plate 10 of the Central support element 2 under the engine in the fan made large corresponding angles β and γformed between the plane 26 and the lighthouse surfaces 8 elements 5 building 1 under any of the connecting plates 12, 13, 14, 15 Central support element 2 under the fan motor.

The 5 elements of the building Board 1 under a pair of opposite connecting plates 12 and 14, 13 and 15 of the Central support element 2 under the fan motor form, at least, with the top plane 26 item 3 building 1 under the control space 9 under the fan motor is different-sized angles β and γlarge β for elements oriented along the longitudinal axis of the air cooling of the gas, and for smaller items, oriented along the transverse axis of the device or partition.

Angle α between at least the top plane 26 item 3 building 1 under the control space 9 under the fan motor and the lighthouse surface 7 of the support plate 10 of the Central support element 2 under the fan motor is 123,0°-141,0°.

Angle β between at least the top plane 26 item 3 building 1 under the control space 9 under the engine fan and elements 5 building 1 under the connecting plates 12 and 14 are oriented along the longitudinal axis of the device or its partition is 118,0°-132,0°.

Angle γ between at least the top plane 26 element is a 3 berth 1 under the control space 9 under the engine fan and elements 5 berth under the connecting plate 13 and 15, oriented along the transverse axis of the apparatus or its partition is level 113.0°-123,0°.

Angle α between at least the top plane 26 item 3 building 1 under the control space 9 under the fan motor and the lighthouse surface 7 of the support plate 10 of the Central support element under the fan motor may be 128,5°-136,0°and the corners β and γ between the said plane 26 and the elements 5 berth under the connecting plates 12 and 14, 13 and 15, respectively oriented along the longitudinal axis of the device or its sections and along the transverse axis of the apparatus or its sections, respectively 121,5°-128,0° and 116,0°-120,0°.

Made the Central supporting element 2 has the shape of a multi-faceted socket with the reference area 9 under the fan motor in which the Central through hole 27, and connected to the base platform 9 and between the alternating along its perimeter anchor 10 and connector 12, 13, 14, 15 plates forming the side faces of the socket. The base plate 10 are predominantly the form of a parallelepiped, and the connecting plates 12 and 14 and 13 and 15 are in the form of pairwise identical trapezoids facing with smaller bases, respectively 28 and 29 to the frame 9, and the line connecting each pair of plates 12 and 14 and 13 of the 15 are placed diametrically opposite each other.

The operation of the device is as follows.

On the lighthouse surface 6 stack supporting platform 9 collected by the Central support element.

The anchor 10 and the connecting plates 12, 13, 14, 15 are placed at an angle α to the frame 9, a certain dependence of the 90°<α<110°, on the lighthouse surfaces 7 and 8 with the formation of two mutually perpendicular mirror planes of symmetry passing through the middle of the oppositely placed pairs of connecting plates 12 and 14 and 13 and 15 and the Central axis of symmetry of the supporting platform 9, and two oblique planes of symmetry passing through the middle of the pairs of supporting plates 10 and the Central axis of symmetry of the supporting platform 9. Verify their location and carry out the welding of the support 10 and connector 12, 13, 14, 15 plates with the base platform 9 and between the contact surfaces.

The frame 1 can provide a high manufacturability of the Central support element 3 under the fan motor air cooler gas, to simplify Assembly, to increase the accuracy and reduce the complexity of making the product.

1. Jig for manufacturing the Central support element under the fan motor air cooler gas or section, characterized in that it contains the system elements with the lighthouse surfaces, designed for installation with a temporary resting on them and temporal technological fixation anchor site for the fan motor, and also to install the backing plates for attaching the end sections of the fibers and placed between the support plates connecting plates, and the building element under the control site for the fan motor are made mostly circular in plan and has at least one horizontal support-lighthouse surface, and elements of the building under the support and connecting plate are made mostly in the form of a trapezoidal vertical cross section of the prisms with at least the outer inclined face forming the supporting-lighthouse surface, respectively, under supporting and connecting plates of the Central support element under the fan motor.

2. Jig according to claim 1, characterized in that the element shipyard under the control space under the fan motor is equipped located in the plane of the circumference of the latches for temporary technological fastening on him the support site for the fan motor.

3. Jig according to any one of claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the outer radius R of the building element under the control space under the fan motor is made smaller than the minimum distance L from the Central vertical axis of the slipway to the outer to the OMCI reference site for the fan motor in the radial direction, normal to the line joining the frame face any of inclined spaced supporting plates for attaching the end sections of the tie rod and the connecting plates of the Central support element under the fan motor.

4. Jig according to claim 3, characterized in that the angle α between at least the top of the building element under the control site for the fan motor and the lighthouse surface under the base plate of the Central support element under the fan motor is made to the appropriate angle toward her base plate of the respective strand.

5. Jig according to claim 4, characterized in that the angle α between at least the top of the building element under the control site for the fan motor and the lighthouse surface under the base plate of the Central support element under the fan motor is made larger corresponding angles β and γformed between the plane and the lighthouse surfaces of building elements under any of the connecting plates of the Central support element under the fan motor.

6. Jig according to any one of claims 4 and 5, characterized in that the elements of the building under a pair of opposite connecting plates of the Central support element under the fan motor form, kr is ina least the top of the building element under the control space under the fan motor is different-sized angles β and γlarge β for elements oriented along the longitudinal axis of the air cooling of the gas, and for smaller items, oriented along the transverse axis of the device or partition.

7. Jig according to claim 1, characterized in that the angle α between at least the top of the building element under the control site for the fan motor and the lighthouse surface under the base plate of the Central support element under the fan motor is 123,0-141,0°.

8. Jig according to claim 1, characterized in that the angle β between at least the top of the building element under the control space under the engine fan and elements of the building under the connecting plate, oriented along the longitudinal axis of the device or partition is to 118.0-132,0°.

9. Jig according to claim 1, characterized in that the angle γ between at least the top of the building element under the control space under the engine fan and elements of the building under the connecting plate, oriented along the transverse axis of the apparatus or its partition is level 113.0-123,0°.

10. Jig according to claim 1, characterized in that the angle α between at least the top plane of the element stapel is under the control site for the fan motor and the lighthouse surface under the base plate of the Central support element under the fan motor is 128,5-136,0° and the corners β and γ between the said plane and elements of the building under the connecting plate, oriented respectively along the longitudinal axis of the device or its sections and along the transverse axis of the apparatus or its sections, respectively 121,5-USD 128.0° and 116,0-120,0°.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: heat exchange apparatus; chemical industry and power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed manifold has body with distributor secured on it. Secured to non-magnetic body are magnetic coils; distributor consists of movable and rigidly secured screens made from magnetic material with porous medium placed in between them. Porous medium may be made from foamed plastic and at least 5 rows of elastic balls whose diameter exceeds pitch of screen; it may include at least four layers of ferrite particles at effective diameter equal to diameter of elastic balls.

EFFECT: possibility of performing control of flows in wide temperature range.

4 cl, 9 dwg

Spacer plate // 2259530

FIELD: placement in structural members of heat-exchange apparatuses.

SUBSTANCE: the spacer plate has a rim with rows of strips made with deepened in the form of circumferences, the dimensions of the circumferences of the arcs of deepenings are made variable with a increase from the periphery to the center of the heat-exchange apparatus.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of flow of the heat-transfer agent in the cross section of the heat-transfer apparatus.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: the invention is meant for heat-exchanging and may be used in compact heat-exchangers made of pipes and a housing which are applied at flying vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: the limiter of flow-over of the heat-carrying agent between pipes and the housing in the heat-exchanging apparatus is fulfilled in the form of radial bulkheads installed in parallel to the axis of the housing. The limiter has elements in the form of balls located between the housing, pipes and radial bulkheads, the diameter of elements exceeds the magnitude of gaps between pipes. At that mentioned elements are fulfilled out of polymeric materials.

EFFECT: the invention allows to improve heat-exchanging.

2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has upper and lower pipe-shaped collectors, made of aluminum profile, connected to row of vertical ribbed aluminum recorder pipes via short pipe elements, hermetically fixed on one side by press mounting in recorder pipes, placed between pipe element end projecting into hollow of collector and its input into collector aperture, while each pipe element is made in form of barrel, having conical and cylindrical portions, on outer surfaces of which at least one ring-shaped recess is made, in place of transfer of cylindrical portion to conic portion a special piece is made, placed between end of recorder pipe and collector, and compacting element is made in form of transfer cone pressed into edge of input aperture of transfer cone collector, mated with flat ring-shaped surface of special piece and cylindrical surface of barrel, projecting end of which is made open by access from the side of conic portion of barrel. Upper and lower collectors in places of barrels connection have longitudinal flat portions, thickness of which is greater than thickness of walls of round section, and ribbing of each aluminum pipe of recorder is made in form of longitudinal radial plates, placed symmetrically relatively to pipe axis, and face and back surfaces of ribbing form with at least two plates adjacent to them closed air channels, connected to atmosphere at level of upper and lower collectors. Method for mounting recorder pipe in aperture of pipe collector of heating convective radiator is realized by intermediate element, having conic surfaces, by outputting end of intermediate element inside the collector and its resilient depression, while intermediate element is made in form of barrel, having conical and cylindrical portions, inner channel of barrel in zone of outlet of its end into collector hollow is made steeply narrowing, plastic depression is performed by pushing working piston through inner channel of branch pipe on the side of its conical portion until piston falls out into collector hollow, and is then removed.

EFFECT: higher durability and manufacturability.

8 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: the invention is assigned for application in heat-exchange apparatus in particular in chemical and other industries specifically for heat treatment of bulk material.

SUBSTANCE: heat-exchange apparatus has housing, heat-exchange pipes arranged vertically and fixed in pipe grates. Heat-exchange apparatus is provided with discharge arrangement placed under lower pipe grate and composed of fixed and moving plates which have hollow holes corresponding to hollow holes in the lower tubular grate. At that the fixed plate is joined without gap with lower pipe grate and moving plate is installed with possibility to make back-and-forth motion in horizontal plane overlapping size of holes. Moreover the moving plate is installed on vertical flat rings.

EFFECT: allows to expand technological possibilities of using vertical housing tube heat-exchange apparatus for realization of heat-exchange between solid bulk material and liquid or gaseous heat-carrying agent, intensifies heat-exchange and give possibility to regulate this process.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

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EFFECT: the inventions ensure increased efficiency of the boiler gross load and expansion of its functionalities.

20 cl, 27 dwg

FIELD: heat-power engineering; power engineering; chemical and oil industries.

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EFFECT: reduced hydraulic resistance and enhanced reliability.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heat-power engineering; heat exchangers with mixing of heat-transfer agent flows at different temperatures.

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5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: heat-exchange apparatus; liquid-to-liquid heat exchangers.

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EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability.

The invention relates to the field of metal forming, namely the processes of formation of permanent joints on pipes using the effect of local deformation of the intermediate element in the form of a sleeve of plastic material

FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly manufacture of dowel joints of tubes, mainly of different materials for U-shaped heat exchange apparatuses.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of preparing tubes for welding, bending end of one tube along radius, assembling bent end of tube with reciprocal tube and forming non-detachable joint of tubes by means of argon-arc welding at using additive material; forming non-detachable joint before bending operation by making combination type welded joint; subjecting combination type welded joint and zones near it to plastic deforming; forming inner seam by diffusion welding of joined tubes and additive material along butt and forming outer seam by surfacing additive material onto outer surface of tube butt. At assembling ring of additive material with stepped inner profile is placed between tubes. Then tubes are axially compressed for achieving contact pressures on ends of tubes and on lateral faces of ring. Combination joint is formed at melting additive material of ring in space of outer annular recess. Plastic deforming of joint and zones near it is realized by double straightening of tube.

EFFECT: improved quality of welded joints, elimination of internal burr occurring.

8 dwg

FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly manufacture of dowel joints for tubes, mainly of similar materials for U-shaped heat exchange apparatuses.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of preparing tubes for welding, bending end of one tube along radius, assembling bent end of tube with reciprocal tube having rectilinear generatrix; forming non-detachable joint of tubes by means of argon-arc welding. Non-detachable joint is formed before bending by making combination type welding seam designed for plastic deforming. At forming welded joint inner annular seam is made by diffusion welding of joined tubes along butt and outer annular seam is made by surfacing additive material onto outer surface of tube butt. At assembling tubes ring of additive material is placed between them. Then tubes are subjected to axial compression until creation of contact pressure on tube ends and lateral faces of ring. Combination type joint is formed during melting additive material of ring in space of outer annular recess.

EFFECT: enhanced quality of welded joints, elimination of internal burr occurring.

8 dwg

FIELD: plastic working of metals.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of undercutting layer of material on surface of heat exchanger by acute angle relative to said surface; bending up formed fin and straightening it at moving cutting member. Undercutting and bending up are realized stepwise at successive passes of cutting member. Undercutting angle may be increased at each step from first step to last one. Straightening of formed fin may be performed during last step of undercutting. Operations of undercutting, bending up and straightening may be realized by means of rotary cutting tool carrying cutting members with possibility of step undercutting of material layer. Rotation axis of toll is inclined in direction to blank motion relative to tool by angle determined according to formula given in description of invention. It is possible to make finning whose height is not limited by possibilities of known methods and to make fins thickened towards their base.

EFFECT: possibility of making fins with enlarged range of their heights and with thickness increased towards their base.

4 cl, 1 ex, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

The invention relates to nuclear and heat power engineering and can be used in metals, glass and other industries

The invention relates to the processing of metals by pressure, namely technological equipment for the manufacture of corrugated ribbons for heat exchangers

The invention relates to the field of engineering, and more specifically to equipment for the manufacture of sections of ribbed radiators

The invention relates to the processing of metals by pressure and can be used in chemical engineering, mainly for the production of the Packed items irregular (bulk) of the nozzles in the form of various types of nozzle rings such as the Ring process", "the ring of the Pall", "Ring Rahl", "Mini Cascade, etc

The invention relates to the manufacture of heat exchangers that find wide application in various industries

The invention relates to the processing of metals by pressure

FIELD: plastic working of metals.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of undercutting layer of material on surface of heat exchanger by acute angle relative to said surface; bending up formed fin and straightening it at moving cutting member. Undercutting and bending up are realized stepwise at successive passes of cutting member. Undercutting angle may be increased at each step from first step to last one. Straightening of formed fin may be performed during last step of undercutting. Operations of undercutting, bending up and straightening may be realized by means of rotary cutting tool carrying cutting members with possibility of step undercutting of material layer. Rotation axis of toll is inclined in direction to blank motion relative to tool by angle determined according to formula given in description of invention. It is possible to make finning whose height is not limited by possibilities of known methods and to make fins thickened towards their base.

EFFECT: possibility of making fins with enlarged range of their heights and with thickness increased towards their base.

4 cl, 1 ex, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

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