Unit for light-laser treatment and disinfection of eggs of farming birds

FIELD: radiation technology.

SUBSTANCE: unit has gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500, helium-neon laser ЛГН-104, ultraviolet lamp ДРТ-400, germicidal lamps БУВ-15. Germicidal lamps БУВ-30 are placed in cassette of optical filter of gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500 and under transporting mechanism for irradiation of total surfaces of incubation eggs to improve germicidal effect.

EFFECT: improved quality of disinfection; improved farming-biological efficiency.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to installations for the processing of artificial sources of radiant energy and can be used for one-time provision of biostimulating effects and disinfection, first of all, hatching eggs poultry.

Known installation for the integrated laser light handling eggs, including gas discharge lamp DMESG-500-emitting monochromatic red light wavelength 630-650 nm, the average dose on the surface of eggs 23.1 erg, helium-neon laser LGN-104, generating monochromatic polarized coherent red light wavelength of 632.8 nm, power density on the surface of eggs 50 mW/cm2and mercury-quartz lamp CES-400, emitting ultraviolet light of wavelength 400/185 nm, the average dose on the surface of eggs 20 mayor/h (Mamakaev M.N., USSR author's certificate No. 1748768, 1992, prototype)

The disadvantage of this method is that it does not provide treatment of hatching eggs shortwave UV light from all sides, reducing the cost of disinfection of eggs before incubation and power savings through modernization of the remote control.

The objective of the invention is the increase of economic and biological efficiency and quality disinfection of hatching eggs poultry environmentally friendly l the clean energy and energy saving, to achieve that in the known installation for the integrated laser light handling eggs made design changes.

Figure 1 shows the General scheme of the proposed installation.

Installation for laser light treatment and disinfection of eggs is a metal frame (1), which strengthened helium-neon laser LGN-104 (2), the stabilizer of the laser (3), the motor scanning device (4), the scanning device (5), gas discharge lamp DMESG-500 (6), ultraviolet lamp PDR-15 (9), the UV lamp CES-400 (7), the power supply of the lamp CES-400 (8), the gear (11), motor gearbox (10), devices for establishing trays eggs (12), transporting gear (14), the control unit (15), the starter KMZ-2 (19), high-voltage transformer (18), bactericidal lamps PDR-30 (21), throttle lamp PDR-30 (22), reflector lamps PDR-30 (16), the optical filter cartridge laser LGN-104/16-A/, lamps DMESG-500 and PDR-30/16-B/, CES-400/16-In/.

Remote control, figure 2, is designed to take into account the time for the preparation of artificial sources of radiant energy installation to operation. Initially enters the network and voltage is applied to the stabilizer of the laser (3), toggle switches which enables helium-neon laser LGN-104 (2) and is in working condition after 10 minutes Since the supply voltage tumbler the TV 1 includes a germicidal lamp PDR-30 (21), the button LIGHTS gas discharge lamp DMESG-500 (6). TV-2 is energized in the power supply of mercury-quartz lamp CES-400 (8) and turns on the lamp CES-400 (7), TV-3 - bactericidal lamps PDR-15 (9)located in the casing of mercury-quartz lamp. The time to prepare for the operation of lamps DMESG-500, PDR-30, CES-400 and PDR-15 in accordance with the instructions for operation ranges from 5 to 8 minutes. After 10 minutes after turning the laser on LGN-104 switch TV-4 turns on the motor (4)which rotates the scanning device (5) with a speed of 1400 rpm, then click the KMZ-2 is in the operating state of the transporting mechanism (14) and the unit is ready for operation. Modernization of the control panel allows you to save energy through more efficient connection and operation of sources of radiant energy, depending on the time to bring it into working condition.

Heating hatching eggs light discharge lamp DMESG-500 wavelength 630-650 nm, the maximum absorption 640,3 nm, the average dose on the surface of eggs 23.1 erg combined with disinfection of eggs on all sides by light germicidal PDR-30 wavelength 254/800 nm, generating 80% of UV wavelength 254 nm, with a nominal capacity of 30 watts on the surface of eggs figure 3, after which the receptors are processed by the radiation of helium-not the new laser LGN-104, a wavelength of 632.8 nm, power density on the surface of eggs 50 mW/cm2with mercury-quartz lamp CES-400 wavelength 400/185 nm, the average dose on the surface of eggs 20 mayor/h and bactericidal lamps PDR-15 wavelength 254/800 nm, rated power on the surface of eggs 15 watts.

Operation.

Patches hatching eggs (13) or boxes of Chicks (20) are placed on the stand (12), click the KMZ-2 turns on the motor transporting device (10), the trays are served on a moving chain conveyor (14) and moving the camera illumination (17) with smooth transition, at the beginning of the heated gas discharge lamp DMESG-500 (6)located in the cassette optical filtrate, and disinfected from all sides bactericidal lamps PDR-30 (21)placed above the cassette under the transport mechanism, then subjected to radiation of helium-neon laser LGN-104 (2), ultraviolet lamps CES-400 (7) and bactericidal lamps PDR-15 (9), and then come to stand for trays (12) on the opposite side from the control panel.

Exposure time exposure of hatching eggs and day-old Chicks is controlled by switch KMZ-2.

The application of light energy of laser LGN-104, lamps DMESG-500, he-400 and PDR-15 in combination with a comprehensive exposure hatching eggs lamps PDR-30 for the avicenia bactericidal effect and is more effective in economic and biological aspects.

Compared with the base case integrated irradiation incubation of eggs per plant for laser light treatment and disinfection reduces bacterial infection of eggs increases embryonic and post-embryonic viability of offspring, productive quality.

The hatched Chicks no adverse events observed. The application of the proposed installation of environmentally safe and economically feasible.

Installation for laser light treatment and disinfection of eggs poultry containing gas discharge lamp DMESG-500, helium-neon laser LGN-104, the UV lamp CES-400, bactericidal lamps PDR-25, characterized in that the optical filter cartridge discharge lamp DMESG-500 and under conveyor mechanism posted by germicidal lamps PDR-30 with the possibility of exposure of hatching eggs from all sides to increase bactericidal effect.



 

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