Method for training of grape bushes

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, grape bush training method.

SUBSTANCE: method involves planting grape bushes; setting support; grafting, cutting and forming bushes. Bushes are formed with two parts, each of said parts presenting individual sort contrasting as to ripening time. Said parts are positioned at different planes of trellis.

EFFECT: increased yield, improved quality of berries, prolonged life of grape bushes, and increased resistance of plants to stress factors of habitat.

6 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, particularly viticulture, and can be used in the cultivation of grapes in all areas of viticulture.

A known way of doing vines (Asturiana. Viticulture. M., "Kolos", - 1967. - S. - RIS). The method involves planting of plants, the formation of docstimulas fan forming with knots replacement keys fruiting placed along the axis of the series in the form of a fan.

The disadvantage of this method is that it does not involve the universalization of way of doing, i.e. it only applies in circumstances not sheltered viticulture and involves the cultivation of the plant one ampelographic varieties.

Also known way of doing vine for paleokrassas zone (A.S. 938833 from 29.02.1982) (Shengyang, Mschwab and other Formation and pruning of the vine. Rostov-on-don. - 1999. S. - Fig.16). The method involves planting bushes, forming the stem and sleeve, and the basics of rejuvenation sleeves arrow-shaped recovery, placement vines on 2 tiers of the tapestry.

The disadvantage of this method is that it provides for the development of each individual plant a single variety of grape, which limits the ability of the manufacturer in terms of increasing the load of bushes yield and improve the quality of the grapes, persons who spent late varieties.

Also known way of doing vines (Lmmortal, Akirajamal, Agglomerate. Trimming, shaping and managing system vines. Krasnodar. - 1997. - S. - 34) (prototype). The method includes the planting, installation support, vaccinated, trimming and shaping of bushes.

The disadvantage of this method is that at the top of the hive creates overcrowding of vines and shoots, which is reflected in the radiation mode of the vineyard and its productivity. It is based on the cultivation of one specific grape varieties and does not solve the problem of the frequency of fruiting plants.

The purpose of the invention is to increase the yield, the quality of the grapes and durability bushes, increasing the resistance of plants to stress factors of the environment of growth, in addition, the method provides the universalization of the system of reference, i.e. the possibility of its application in not sheltered, polyacryla and covering viticulture on own-rooted and grafted vineyards.

This objective is achieved in that in the way of doing of vines, including planting, installation support, vaccinated, pruning and shaping shrubs, vines create two parts, each of which is a separate variety, contrast in terms of ripening, and place them on different tiers of the tapestry.

New PR is llorenna structure of the vine, consisting of two different varieties of grapes ripening (late and early).

Significant in the proposed technical solution is that in this way the vines are created from 2 parts (stems, sleeves), each of which presents a separate ampelographic variety, contrasting the timing of maturation, such as late and early ripening. Such conditions in the vineyard can significantly increase the load of plant shoots and yield in cultivated varieties, as periods of peak demand for the products of photosynthesis in these varieties are not the same. Therefore, the leaf surface both cultivars during ripening, early varieties will work on forming its yield and quality of berries, and after harvest, all its leaves (including early varieties will ripen grapes late varieties and preparing plants for winter.

The implementation of the inventive method is illustrated by drawings.

Figure 1 shows the vine (spring, second year after planting).

Figure 2 shows the vine (fall, second year after planting).

Figure 3 shows the vine (spring, third year after planting).

Figure 4 shows the vine (spring, fourth year after planting).

Figure 5 shows the vine (spring, V year after planting).

Figure 6 shows the grape qu is t (spring, The sixth year after planting).

Thus

1 - vines;

2 - knot;

3 - escape which to build;

4 - trellis wire;

5 - trellis (bearing);

6 - Pasynkova shoots;

7 - inoculation;

8 is a vertical trunk;

9 - trunk inclined;

10 - cordon;

11 - part of the hive with the grape variety is a late-ripening;

12 - the part of the Bush with grape early ripening.

The method is as follows. The vineyard lay one ampelographic variety with a spacing of 3-4 meters. In the row planting bushes (1) is produced with a spacing of 1-2 .5 m

In the year of planting create favorable conditions for a good development of the root system and leaf. In the second growing season (figure 1) leave two bitch (2), cut them to 2 buds. After the development of shoots (figure 2) on each bitch leave one run (3), which pinch out the first under the second wire (4) trellis (5), and the second escape under the first. Developed shoots (6) the first order is removed except for the two upper most in the first escape. In the third decade of may, the second escape produce a vaccination (7) opposite the ripening variety, and developed escape when it is attached to the bottom wire of the trellis. 10-15 days on the bushes with neprezimlilsa inoculation (figure 3) her again.

In the spring of the third of the year Bush cut. From the first escape form a vertical stem (8) and shoulder cordon (10)that is attached to the second wire of the trellis, and from the second escape (vaccinations) (7) form an inclined stem (9). After the development of shoots developed on top of the posts (10) and the inclined sleeve pinch out over a 3-4 knot. All other shoots are removed.

In the spring of the fourth year (figure 4) shrubs pruned. Of developed shoots on the top of the posts (10) form a fruiting units, and on the inclined trunk initiate the formation of the shoulders cordon (10). After the development of shoots all developed shoots on vertical and inclined trunks and lower sides of the borders are removed.

In the spring of the fifth year (figure 5) and six (6) fundamental nature of the crop does not change, i.e. pruning is conducted on the principle fruit of the link, thus take into account the biological characteristics of the cultivated varieties in the part load of bushes and the length of trimming vines. Provide some (up to 10%) increase in load of bushes and shoots crops because most of the nutrient requirements of these parts of the Bush, consisting of different varieties are not the same. So in July (early maturing varieties) most of the nutrients will be consumed ripening harvest of early varieties, and less on the growth of berries and development of shoots late varieties. After harvest,on the contrary, a large part of the nutrients will be directed to the ripening of the harvest and shoots late varieties and smaller on the growth and aging of the shoots early varieties. Such diet bushes generated by our proposed way of doing that better takes into account the biological characteristics of grape plants.

The cultivation of shrubs, consisting of two opposite ripening of the grapes, will allow to increase the total yield of the plantations, to stretch the time consumption of the crop, to improve the quality of the grapes and the resistance of plants to adverse factors of environment.

The proposed method allows to increase the total productivity of the vineyards and the quality of the berries, to extend the terms of the consumption of grapes, to increase productivity and resistance of plants to stressful situations.

The way of doing of vines, including planting, installation support, vaccinated, pruning and shaping shrubs, characterized in that the vines are made of two parts, each of which presents a separate variety, contrast in terms of ripening, and place them on different tiers of the tapestry.



 

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1 ex

The invention relates to the cultivation of grape plants

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to yield grapes, and can be used for standard maintenance of vines

The invention relates to the field of agriculture, particularly viticulture

The invention relates to the field of agriculture, particularly viticulture

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