Hydraulic turbine generator (versions)

FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed hydraulic turbine generators are designed for creating stationary and portable hydraulic plants of modular type. Generators have rotor with central shaft non-rotating around horizontal axis or vertical axis (as version) on which chain drive gears are rigidly fitted, each being coupled through independent chain drive with planet pinion members arranged radially and uniformly around central shaft. Each member has blade reduction gear consisting of gear of chain drive and of large and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxial and rigidly coupled with gear of chain drive of blade reduction gear, and large cylindrical gear is rigidly secured on axle of blade installed horizontally for generator (or vertically, as version). Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation on brackets secured on hubs by bases. Hubs are installed on both ends of shaft for rotation and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims being drive wheels connected with energy converters by flexible drive.

EFFECT: provision of effective and reliable operation.

3 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to hydropower and can be used to create stationary and transportable hydro installations of modular type, intended for independent use and for their acquisition in an Autonomous block of hydroelectric power.

Known hydrogenerator containing the shaft, equipped with satellite links, comprising blades, the axis of which is connected with the gears (see EN 2050466 C1, class F 03 D 7/06, 20.12.1995).

The disadvantage of the hydrogenerator is the need for airtight performance throughout its construction, and low reliability due to the use of blades, reinforced at one end.

The technical result is used with maximum efficiency the energy of the water flow at the maximum possible simplicity of construction, in enhancing its reliability and versatility in the manufacture and in the operation and is ensured by the fact that the generator containing the shaft, equipped with satellite links, comprising blades, the axis of which is connected with the gears, according to the invention is not rotating around its axis of Central shaft rigidly mounted coaxially with the shaft of the gear chain of transmission, each of which is associated independent chain transmission with satellite links, arranged around a Central shaft radial is uniformly each link contains a paddle wheel reduction gear consisting of a gear chain drive, and also from big and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxially and rigidly connected to the gear chain drive rotary gear, and a large cylindrical gear mounted on the axis of the propeller blades, with each blade ends of their axes rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the hubs installed on both ends of the Central shaft for rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft are connected by annular rims, and the rims are all driven wheels and connected by a flexible transmission energy converters, this Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame.

Famous deep hanging megalocornea HES using the above generators installed on the platform floats (see EN 2080476 C1, CL 6 F 03 7/00, 13/10, 27.05.1997).

The disadvantage of the hydrogenerator is the need for airtight performance throughout its construction, and low reliability due to the use of blades, reinforced at one end. The technical result is used with maximum efficiency the energy of the water flow at the maximum possible simplicity of construction, in increasing her nade the productivity and technology in manufacturing, and operation and is ensured by the fact that in the hydrogenerator containing pontoon device, and a vertical shaft equipped with satellite links, with vertical blades, the axis of which is connected with the gears, according to the invention is not rotating around its axis of Central shaft rigidly mounted coaxially with the shaft of the gear chain of transmission, each of which is associated independent chain transmission with satellite links, arranged around a Central shaft radially and evenly, each link contains a paddle wheel reduction gear consisting of a gear chain drive, and also from big and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxially and rigidly connected to the gear chain drive rotary gear, and a large cylindrical gear mounted on the axis of the propeller blades, with each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the hubs installed on both ends of the Central shaft for rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim, the upper rim is a driving wheel and is connected by a flexible transmission energy converters, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame, equipped with pontoon device is isthmi.

In the drawings shows:

figure 1 shows the internal kinematic connection of the rotor of the hydro generator, hydro generator (option);

figure 2 - hydrogenerator rotor, side view, hydrogenerator rotor (option), view from above;

figure 3 - the hydrogenerator, General view;

figure 4 - hydro generator (option), General view.

The hydro generator, hydro generator (option) equipped with a rotor comprising a Central shaft is not rotating around its axis, while the Central shaft 1 is positioned horizontally for hydrogenerator and vertically for hydro generator (option).

On the Central shaft coaxial with him rigidly mounted gears 2 chain of transmission, each of which is associated independent chain transmission 3 with the satellite units arranged around a Central shaft radially and evenly, each link contains a paddle wheel reduction gear consisting of a gear chain drive 4, and also from big 5, and 6 small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxially and rigidly connected to the gear chain drive paddle gearbox.

The gear ratio of the gear chain drive 1:1 and the gear ratio of the small and large cylindrical gears 1:2, with a large cylindrical gear rigidly mounted on the shaft 7 of the blade 8 that is installed horizontally for hydrogenerator and vertically for the hydrogen is atora (option), moreover, each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket 9, fortified bases on the hub 10 mounted on both ends of the Central shaft for rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim 11, which is driven wheels connected by a flexible transmission 12 with energy converters 13 hydro generator and hydro generator (option). The Central shaft of the generator and hydro generator (option) both ends rests with the fixation on the frame 14, the frame of the hydro generator (option) equipped with pontoon devices 15.

Preparation of hydro generator to work and his work

The hydrogenerator promising energy use reaches of rivers with ice over in the winter time, and energy flow of unfrozen rivers.

For hydrogenerator at the bottom of the river renders the pad-mounting frame of the hydrogenerator. The initial installation of the blades of the hydrogenerator is as follows. Each blade 8 in turn is provided at the lower end position and is mounted horizontally. Immersion of hydrogenerator in the water is in position axis 1 hydrogenerator rotor along a river. The frame of the hydrogenerator is fixed to the platform with the possibility of th is blowing pivot frame so to the axis 1 of the hydrogenerator rotor was perpendicular to the river. Incoming flow of water VI, acting on the blades 8, creates a torque of the rotor, with the result of the interaction of the chain transmission 3 with gears 4, 5, 6 lobed gear turns the plane of the blades at the optimum angle to the water flow.

Preparation of hydro generator (option) to work and his work.

The hydro generator (option), then the hydrogenerator, promising energy use in the rivers, as well as the energy of sea currents.

On the basis of hydro generator can be created supply marine research laboratories, as well as Maritime settlements, which are located above the frame 14 of the hydro generator (unit generators) and structurally related to it.

On the seabed ready point of attachment of the cables holding the frame of the hydrogenerator (unit generators) in a static state. The initial installation of the blades of the hydrogenerator is to dive hydrogenerator in the water. The frame of the hydrogenerator is oriented so that one side of the frame, which in horizontal section of the square, was directed along the sea currents. Conventionally, this side is called the support. Blades hydrogenerator alternately provided to the side, the opposite of what you support and the plane of the blades of a hydro generator, installed parallel to the plane of that side, with a bracket to which is attached a custom blade will be perpendicular to this side. The hydrogenerator is lowered to the water surface, while the rear retains the direction along the sea currents. The pontoons 15 gradually filled with water, the hydro generator is immersed to the desired depth, with the plane of the frame, intended for the location of residential areas, will be located at a selected distance from the water. The frame of the hydrogenerator is fastened with ropes to the mounting points on the seabed, and in the composition of the block of generators to the frame block structure, as well as to the neighboring frames of hydrogenerators. Water from the pontoons pumped. Design acquires the calculated buoyancy.

The principle of operation of the hydro generator (option) is similar to the work of hydrogenerator

Authors unknown sources of patent and scientific and technical information, containing information about technical solutions, similar to the declare.

The authors also unknown solutions having the properties possessed by the claimed solution.

In the practical implementation of the claimed solution will allow you to create a new type of energy Converter, a current of water. Thus, the authors believe that the claimed solution have novelty and inventive at owner.

The use of the stated solution will solve the problems of energy without pollution, without flooding huge areas to create reservoirs required for the use of hydro-generators of an existing type in the modern hydropower plants.

1. The hydrogenerator containing the shaft, equipped with satellite links, comprising blades, the axis of which is connected with gears, characterized in that the non-rotating around the axis of the Central shaft, located horizontally rigidly mounted coaxially with the shaft of the gear chain of transmission, each of which is associated independent chain transmission with satellite links, arranged around a Central shaft radially and evenly, each link contains a paddle wheel reduction gear consisting of a gear chain drive, and also from big and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxially and rigidly connected to the gear chain drive rotary gear, and a large cylindrical gear mounted on the axis of the blade, installed horizontally, with each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the hubs installed on both ends of the Central shaft for rotation, and the top of the bracket at both ends of the Central the aqueous shaft connected to the annular rim, which is the driven wheels, which are connected by a flexible transmission energy converters, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame.

2. The hydrogenerator containing pontoon device, and a vertical shaft equipped with satellite links, with vertical blades, the axis of which is connected with gears, characterized in that the non-rotating around the axis of the Central shaft rigidly mounted coaxially with the shaft of the gear chain of transmission, each of which is associated independent chain transmission with satellite links, arranged around a Central shaft radially and evenly, each link contains a paddle wheel reduction gear consisting of a gear chain drive, and also from big and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxially and rigidly connected to the gear chain drive rotary gear, and a large cylindrical gear mounted on the axis of the propeller blades, with each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the hubs installed on both ends of the Central shaft for rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim, the upper rim is a driving wheel and is connected by a flexible transmission conversions what users of energy, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame, equipped with pontoon devices.



 

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