Subocean mining plant (variants)

FIELD: mining industry, particularly for obtaining minerals from underwater.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises frame carried by catamaran, drum reels secured to frame at different levels and provided with driving means. Arranged in lower frame base is vessel having chute in which auger is installed. The auger is provided with drive. Frame drums are connected to truck through endless chains to which buckets are hinged. Load cavities of the buckets have orifice arranged from end side thereof and adapted to remove water when buckets move over water surface. Lower bases of the buckets are connected with chains through flexible rods and maintain vertical positions of loads arranged on chains when chain inclination varies. Plant also has compressor connected to float chambers of the buckets by flexible armored tube secured to electric winch rope and by spring. Electric winch is linked with microswitches by electric circuit. Microswitches are adapted to automatically bring electric winch into electric circuit during bucket movement. Catamaran is connected to truck platform through ropes of the winch connected to ship and adapted to lower or lift the truck from ocean bottom. Electric drives of the winches are linked with switch buttons of control panel, which provides remote winch control. Installed in catamaran body are devices to separate concretion mass into fraction and to dehydrate thereof. The devices are made as rotary netted drums with different orifice diameters. The drums are coaxial and spaced apart one from another. Each drum is provided with receiving chamber, drive and fraction outlet. Each fraction outlet is connected to centrifugal means having drive. In accordance to the second embodiment plant has case including three or more frames arranged in staggered order in two rows and centrifugal means. The plant is made as trailed unit and may be unitized with ship. The case is provided with floating pontoon supports. Each pontoon support is connected to compressor and has electromagnetic valve so that the support may immerse the case at proper depth in stormy conditions and emerge thereof after storm termination. Two longitudinal vessels provided with chutes are connected to each frame. Installed in chutes are augers with drives. Shafts with drum reels and drives are secured from both vessel sides at different levels thereof. The drums are provided with endless chains to which buckets are hinged. In accordance with the third embodiment the plant comprises case having three or more frames. The frames are arranged in one or two rows and connected one to another. One longitudinal vessel in secured to each frame. The vessel is provided with chute in which auger with drive is installed. The plant also has case installed on truck, which is mounted on ocean bottom. Conveying wedge-like mechanism is fixedly secured in front of conveyers under truck platform. The wedge-like mechanism is movably installed between drum reels to shift concretion layer from two sides towards bunker bucket loading means.

EFFECT: increased capacity, reliability and durability, improved technical means, workmanship and extended technological capabilities.

3 cl, 16 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device for the extraction of minerals. A device for the extraction of minerals from the ocean floor containing an endless flexible conveyor running from the base of the vessel to the device bunker boot, containing sections, connected to each other. Each section consists of two chambers - freight and float. Sections of the conveyor alternately pass through devices bunker boot, where the cargo chamber is filled with nodules, and the float chamber with compressed gas. Having buoyancy, rushes up to the base boat /U.S. Patent 4155491/.

A disadvantage of the known device is the low performance. Nodules without prior dehydration loaded into transport vessels. Because of the high moisture content is ineffective to produce transportation to refining. Technical means are not effective.

The aim of the invention is to increase productivity, improve efficiency of technical equipment, improving quality, enhancing technological capabilities.

This objective is achieved in that contains a frame, hung on a catamaran, a hinge mounted on the frame at different levels of the reel drum with gears. The tank in the lower base frame containing a trench in which to set the len auger, supplied with the drive. The reel frame is connected with the reel of bogie by means of endless chains on which hinged buckets, truck camera with mechanical hand contain holes made with the possibility of removal of the water when moving the buckets above the water surface. The bottom of buckets connected with chains flexible rods and configured to maintain the vertical position of the cargo on chains when the angle of inclination of the chain, a compressor connected to the float chambers of the buckets by means of a flexible armored tube connected to a rope electric winch and spring. The winch is connected to the switches by means of an electric circuit made with the possibility of automatic activation of the winch in an electric circuit when the moving buckets. The catamaran is connected to the trolley platform using a wire rope hoist, mounted on Board, made with the possibility of lowering or lifting truck from the bottom of the ocean. Electric motors winches connected to the buttons on the remote control, performed with remote control electric winch. In the case of a catamaran devices are installed to separate the mass of nodules on the factions and their dehydration. Made in the form of a rotating mesh drum with different diameter hole is sty, located coaxile each other with an interval provided with a receiving cell, actuator and taps fractions. Each allocation fractions connected with the centrifuge, equipped with drives.

The installation can be performed in the second embodiment. The second option is the same as the first, differs from it in that the frame contains three or more frames, staggered in two rows, and a centrifuge. The installation was towed and with the ability to mount on the vessel. The frame is provided with a floating Pantone supports, each of which is connected to the compressor and includes an electromagnetic valve. Installation is made with the possibility of immersion of the frame at the proper depth in the storm and emerged after the storm. Each frame is rigidly fixed to two longitudinal capacity, provided with grooves, in which the set-screw actuators. On either side of the vessel at different levels of the fixed shaft with a coil reels and actuators. Drums provided with endless chains on which hinged buckets.

The installation can be performed in the third embodiment. The third option is the same as the first and the second variant differs from it in that the frame contains three or more frames located in one or in two rows, and a centrifuge. The installation was towed with the ability to mount on the vessel. The frame is equipped with floating the Pantone supports. Frames are interconnected. In each frame are fastened one longitudinal capacity, provided with a groove in which the set screw with the drive. A frame, mounted on a trolley located on the bottom of the ocean. Ahead of the conveyors under the trolley platform rigidly fixed wedge-shaped transporting mechanism, located between the coils of reels. Made with the possibility of movement of the sliding layer nodules from two sides to the device bunker loading buckets.

The novelty of the claimed technical solution compared to U.S. patent 4155491 due to the fact that through the use of a catamaran and installation between buildings flexible conveyor ensures the movement of a ship on the ocean and collecting, loading buckets nodules and moving from the bottom of the ocean in the hull of the vessel, flow separation mass fractions and removal of the moisture, and loading into a transport vessel.

Through the use of endless flexible chains stretched across the coil reels, and swivel circuits with long toothed buckets and an additional connection in the bottom base with flexible rods is at different depths and saved vertical position of the bucket containers regardless of the position of the angle of inclination of the conveyor chain is provided by the reduction of losses nodules during transport.

Through the use of p is ojector and television transmission chamber, mounted on the rotary frame on the truck at the bottom of the ocean, provide credible information on the bottom of the ocean, elevation of the bottom layer of the nodule, the quality of the work, it helps to improve the quality of machines and improved performance.

Due to the installation of different objects in a specific sequence (the conveyor device for the separation of the mass fractions and centifuge) is the mining of nodules, transportation, division of mass fractions, dehydration weight and loading into transport vessels in a single process in a continuous flow system, with dramatically reduced costs money and fuel for transportation to refining.

Through the use of vessel catamaran provides high performance and reliability in the ocean.

Through holes located at the ends of the cargo chamber, provided for the elimination of water when you move buckets above the surface of the water and remove air when submerged bucket from top to bottom.

By connecting the electric generator vessel with electric motors located on the trolley, with the spotlight, with the television camera, electric hoist provides the power for the electric energy through the electric circuit and the cable line e is troopered.

By connecting the compressor with float chambers movable bucket conveyor with flexible armoured pipe and connect it with the rope winch, spring and switch, where the switch is connected to the winch by means of an electric circuit, ensures non-stop operation of the conveyor, upon each movement of the bucket is the slope of the pipe from the vertical to the horizontal position by means of a dip switch and rope winches and install it under the float chamber and moving in a vertical position during movement of the bucket from the bottom up is filling the float chamber with compressed air to create the buoyancy of the bucket.

By connecting vessel of the catamaran platform truck or the connection of frames, where one frame is located on the pontoon supports the other on the cart with the help of ropes and winches, and the connection of all winches with buttons, closing the electrical circuit, the remote control is the remote control rising or lowering of the truck or frame with a cart at the bottom of the ocean and the operative movement of the device in the specified area of the ocean or crawl when meeting with stones, boulders or complex uneven terrain.

Through the use of trailer frame containing three or more frames, located in W is Haltom order in two rows and the combination with the vessel, equipped with floating Pantone supports arranged on the surface of the ocean, where each support connected in series with the compressor and is equipped with an electromagnetic valve, enables higher performance due to the width, improves reliability and durability due to the immersion of the frame at the proper depth in the storm, and is conducted after the storm, and remote control operation when submerged frame and in surfacing framework.

Through the use of frames with longitudinal capacity, equipped with a chute and auger ensures the full collection mass of nodules, cutting losses and moving into the housing to separate the mass fraction and dewatering by centrifuges.

Through the use of wedge-shaped mechanisms located under the bottom of the truck between the drums of the conveyor, is provided a slide layer of nodules from two sides for hopper loading buckets.

When the patent study of the claimed technical solution according to the patent, scientific, scientific-technical materials not discovered such a set of features that allows us to judge the novelty of essential features.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

1 schematically shows a cross-section of a catamaran with a device for the extraction of mineral resources;

in figure 2 the same, prodelin the second incision;

figure 3 shows the location of the loaded buckets when the angle of inclination of the conveyor chain;

figure 4(a, b) shows the cart and device for compressed air in the float chamber of the bucket;

figure 5 shows a device for separating a mass of nodules on fractions and dehydration weight:

at 6, 9(a, b), 10(a, b, C, d) shows a device according to the second 4 and option 5, trailer frame, top view;

7 the same cross section of the frame frame;

on Fig(a,b) shows the frames located on the cart, the second and third options.

The installation is mounted, is coupled to a vessel of the catamaran. The installation consists of a hinged frame 1 containing two coils of reels 2. At the bottom of the base frame 1 is a longitudinal container 3 containing the proper slope side of the trench 4, in which the set screw 5, equipped with an electric motor 6. Coil reels 2 equipped with an electric motor 7. Coil reels 2 are connected with the coils of reels 8, which are arranged on a carriage 9 by means of endless chains 10. On circuits 10 hinged elongated buckets 11. Each bucket 11 contains cargo 12 and the float 13 of the camera. In the cargo chamber 12 on the front side contains holes 14 of the proper diameter. Made with the possibility of removal of water from the bucket when moving over the surface is completely water and remove air when submerged bucket into the water and moving from top to bottom. The bucket 11 in the bottom base connected to the circuit by means of a flexible rod 15, is arranged to maintain the vertical position of loaded buckets 11 when the angle of inclination of the chain 10.

The electric generator 16 is connected with the electric motors 17 of the drive 9, with floodlight 18, with the television camera gear 19, an electric winch 20. Configured to supply electrical energy by means of a cable line 21 of the transmission. Television transfer chamber 19 is connected with the television receiver 22 located in the control panel 23 by means of light wave conductors 24. The compressor 25 is connected with the float chamber 13 of each bucket 11 by means of a flexible armored tube 26 connected to a rope winch 20. In the remote control 23 is the computer 27. Pipe 26 is connected with a spring 28 and a switch 30. The switches 29 and 30 connected to the winch 20 by means of an electric circuit. Made with the possibility of automatic activation of the winch in the electrical circuit upon each movement of the bucket 11. The slope of the pipe 26 from the vertical to the horizontal position by means of the tension of the rope 31 winches 20 and installation of pipe 26 under the float circuit supplying electric winch 20 and the pipe under the influence of the force of the spring 28 is moved to its original position, in a vertical position. what about the moving of the bucket 11 bottom-up tube 26 is continuously delivers the compressed air in the float chamber 13 of the bucket 11. When filling the chamber 13 by the air compressed air displaces water out of the float chamber and the bucket 11 acquires buoyancy. Boat catamaran 32 is connected to the trolley platform 9 by means of cables 33 and winches 34, mounted on Board of a catamaran 32, made with the possibility of lowering or lifting truck 9 from the bottom of the ocean. Electric motors winches 34 is connected with the buttons of the switches 35 remote control 23. Made with remote control electric winches 34 when raising and lowering the truck 9. In the case of a catamaran 32 is installing 36 to separate the mass of nodules on the faction. Installation 36 contains several rotating mesh drum 37, located under the proper angle of the proper diameter holes 38. The drums 37 are coaxial to each other with the proper interval by using its control mechanisms 39. The inner part of the drum 37 is connected with the receiving chamber 40. The upper base of the reception chamber 40 is equipped with a sieve set with the proper angle and diameter of the holes made with the possibility of removal of stones. The drums 37 hinged to the fixed bearing 42 by means of the axes 43 and pipe 44 of chamber 40. The drums 37 are fitted with electric motors 45 and outlets 46, 47, 48 fractions. Each tap is connected to the centrifuge 49. Centrifuge 49 sleep is the wife of the electric motor 50. Made with the possibility of dehydration weight of nodules, each fraction before loading other cargo ship. Floodlight 18, the television transfer chamber 19 are arranged at a certain angle made with 360°, installed in the frame 51, fitted with a metal rod 52. The rod 52 pivotally mounted on a fixed support and connected with an electric motor 53 of the actuator. Floodlight 18 camera 19 is located on the top of the pyramid 54, made with the possibility of lighting the terrain, the layer of nodules and mechanisms of the conveyor and the possibility of information transmission in the optical fiber 24 in the television screen of the television receiver 22 in the control unit 23. Electric motors 17, 53 and electric winches 20, located under the dome 55, sealed on all sides, are located in the pyramid 54 truck 9, made with reliable protection against high-pressure water in the ocean. Centrifuge 49 comprises an inlet chamber 56, mesh drum 57, funnel feeder 58, the piston pusher 59, diversion dehydrated mass 60 nodules and draining liquid fraction 61 and the electric motor 50.

The device may be made in the second variant (6 7, 8). Device in the second embodiment is the same as in the first embodiment, differs from it in that the device is made of prytany is, aggregated vessel catamaran or other vessel. The device has a frame 62 with three or more frames 63. The frame 62 is provided with a floating Pantone-arawu 64 located on the surface of the water. Each floating Pantone bearing 64 is connected to the compressor 25 by means of a flexible hose, sequentially connected to the compressor 25 by means of a flexible hose 26. The solenoid valve 65 includes a solenoid 66 and the locking mechanism 67. The solenoid 66 is connected to the button switch 35 in the control unit 23 by means of an electric circuit cable line 21 of the transmission. Made with the possibility of filling or removal of water for diving or surfacing of the frame on the surface of the water using Pantone floating bearings 64 and valve 65, the immersion of the armature 62 is at the proper depth of water in the ocean during a big storm and the ascent after a storm. For immersion of the armature 62 to open the valve 65, in surfacing fill Pantone floating support 64 with compressed air under the action of compressed air, the water from the Pantone supports 64 is removed, after removal of water, close the valve 65 by pressing the button for opening the electrical circuit in the control unit 35 on Board the catamaran. With the aid of the compressor 25 injected compressed air into the floating Pantone support 64 create the optimal parameters of buoyancy of the vessel, then break ELEH the electrical circuit, feeding the compressor 25. On each frame 63 is rigidly fixed on the two containers 3 with the grooves 4, in which the set screws 5. Screws 5 are equipped with electric motors 6. The reels 2 are interconnected by means of shafts 68. The shafts of the drums 2 are equipped with electric motors 7. Coil reels 2 are connected with the coils of reels 8, located on the frame 69, located on the carriage 9. Each frame 69 contains three or more frames 63, arranged in a checkerboard pattern. In each frame there are four rows of shaft 68 on which the hinge is fixed spool reels 2. Coil reels 8 are connected with the coils of reels 2 by means of endless chains 10, on which hinged buckets 11. Each bucket 11 contains cargo 12 and the float 13 of the camera. In the cargo chamber 12 on the front side contains holes 14 with the proper diameter. The bottom of the bucket 11 is connected to the circuit 10 by means of a flexible rod 15. The electric generator 16, located on Board the catamaran 32, is connected with an electric motor 17 by a drive 9 with floodlight 18, the television camera 19, electric winches 20 by means of an electric circuit cable transmission line. The camera 19 is connected with the television receiver 22 by means of light wave conductors 24. The compressor 25 is connected with the float chamber 13 of the bucket 11 by means of a flexible pipe 26. G is BCA pipe 26 is connected to the winch 20 by means of a rope. The winch 20 is connected with a microswitch 29 and 30 by means of an electric circuit. The upper frame 62 is connected with the lower frame 69 and cart 9 using the electric winch cables 34 and 33. Made with the possibility of lowering and hoisting frame 69 electric motor winches 34, connected to the buttons of the switches 35 remote control 23. Made with remote control electric winches 34 when raising and lowering the frame 69 with cart 9 control panel 23 by pressing buttons 35 on Board the catamaran 32. The trolley 9 is equipped with multiple electric motors 17. Made with the possibility of movement of the frame 68 at the bottom of the ocean. Screws 5 two or more frames 63 located on the same line, connected by the electric centrifuge 49. The screw 5 is equipped with an electric motor 6. Centrifuge 49 equipped with an electric motor 50. Made with the possibility of collecting a mass of nodules in multiple conveyors and moving in the receiving chamber 56 centrifuges 49 for dehydration and moving mass for loading into other transport vessels. The process of extraction, dewatering and loading in court is by the production method. Centrifugation mass of nodules is rapidly spinning reel 57 about an axis under the action of centrifugal forces.

The device may be the imp is prevalent in the third embodiment. The third option is the same as option 2, differs from it in that on the upper 62 and lower 69 frames installed in two rows RAM 63. On each frame 63 has one series of conveyors with two rows of shafts 68, which is rigidly fixed to the reel 2. The shafts 68 reels reels 2 equipped with an electric motor 7. Drums 8 are located apart from each other with an appropriate spacing. On the frame 69 at the bottom of the platform of the truck 9, in front of and between the drums 8 rigidly fixed wedge mechanisms 70. When the carriage 9 with the frame 69 is moving layer of nodules located between the drums 8 using wedge mechanisms 70 with two sides to the device bunker loading buckets 11. All wheels of the trolley 9 is equipped with electric motors 17. Made with the possibility of moving a layer of nodules under the bunker loading buckets 11.

The device can be performed in the fourth embodiment. The fourth option is the same as the first variant differs from it in that the device is made trailer, coupled with the vessel of the catamaran or other vessel. The device has a frame 62 that contains three or more frames 63. The frame 63 is installed in two rows in a staggered manner. The frame 62 is provided with a floating Pantone supports 64 located on the surface of the water. In each frame 63 has one flexible transport the two coils of the drums 2. At the bottom of the base frame 63 is a longitudinal container 3 containing the groove 4, in which the set screw 5, equipped with an electric motor 6. Coil reels 2 electric motors 7. Coil reels 2 are connected with the coils of reels 8 by means of endless chains 10. On circuits 10 hinged elongated buckets 11 containing cargo 12 and the float 13 of the camera.

The device can be performed in the fifth embodiment. The fifth option is the same as 1-4 options, differs from them in that the upper frame 62 is located a few frames 63 in one row. Frame 63 are located on the surface of the water. In frames 63 are installed coil reels 2, spaced from each other with an appropriate spacing. Coil reels paired and electric motors 7, are connected by chains 10 of the conveyor, a chain of pivoted buckets 11. Between the coils of reels 2 are the vessel 3 containing the chute 4 and the screw 5, equipped with electric motors 6 and centrifuge 49. On the lower frame 69 front coil reels 8 under the bottom of the platform truck 9 in the gap spacing between the coils of reels 8 are the transport mechanisms 71, made in the form of screws, equipped with electric motors 72 and the guide 73. Made with the possibility of moving a layer of nodules screw t is espartero 71 along the guide rails 73 devices bunker loading buckets 11.

The device operates as follows. On Board the catamaran 32 in the control unit 23 of the push button 35 and Dnipropetrovsk oblast rounded out the electrical circuit supplying the spotlight 18, the television camera 19, the electric motors 17, 53, 45, 50, electric winch 20, 34 of the compressor 25. Submersible cart 9 on a flat plot in the waters of the ocean. The electric motor 7 rotates the reel 2. Their serrated surface result in translational movement of the chain 10. Circuit 10 move the buckets 11. As soon as the bucket 11 moves to the drum 8, the circuit 10 turns the bucket 11 90°. The bucket 11 with their jagged draws sedimentary layer nodules, downloading all their Luggage cargo 12. The mass of the cart pushes the bucket tightly to the soil surface. As soon as the bucket 11 will move to the second drum 8, the bucket again turns and moves upwards. One of the buckets 11, moving from the bottom up, in contact with the micro switch 29, the switch 29 closes an electrical circuit supplying electric winch 20 /4/. The winch 20 by pulling the rope 31 rotates and tilts the tube 26 from the vertical to the horizontal position, bringing it under the float chamber 13 of the bucket 11. When moving the tube 26 it is in contact with the microswitch 30, he opens the electrical circuit powering the winch 20. The winch stops working. Under the action of the m the kinetic energy of the spring 28 tends to straighten up and moves the pipe 26 from the horizontal position to the vertical position. The compressor 25 is falling through the pipe 26 into the float chamber 13 of the bucket 11. During the filling of the air chamber 13 compressed air expels from the chamber 13 water. As you move the bucket 11 bottom-up compressed air will continuously fill the float chamber 13. After filling the chamber 13 with compressed air bucket 11 acquires buoyancy, floats and accelerates the movement of the conveyor chain 10, reduces the load chain tension, increases reliability and durability. As soon as the bucket 11 will move to the switch 29, the switch 29 closes an electrical circuit supplying electric winch 20, she stretched rope 31 again flexes, bends and moves the pipe 26 from the vertical to the horizontal position, while moving the pipe 26 it is in contact with the microswitch 30. The switch 30 opens the electrical circuit supplying electric winch 20, the spring 28 again moves the pipe 26 from the horizontal to the vertical position. The pipe 26 again fills the float chamber 13 another bucket 11. Then all the operations are repeated. As soon as the bucket 11 moves upward above the surface of the water, the water is removed from the bucket 11 through the holes 14. As soon as the bucket 11 moves along the upper coil reels 2, the bucket 11 is rotated under the proper angle top down and weight of nodules falls under the action of ravitation forces down into the container 3 and the inclined surface is moved into the chute 4 and using the electric motor 6, moved by a screw 5 in the receiving chamber 40 through the bars 41 in the device 36 to separate the mass into fractions. Stones and other coarse material on the inclined plane of the lattice are removed and fall into the tank, which is located nearby. Nodules are moved from the reception chamber 40 in the Central mesh drum 37 through large holes 30, a small fraction wakes up, and a large fraction continues to move by means of a rotating drum and the angle of inclination of the drum 37 is moved and discharged through the opening at the end of the installation 36 in the outlet 48, the average mass is separated from the fine fraction using the middle holes 30, a small fraction wakes up on the main body of the drum. The main body contains no holes. The middle fraction by means of rotation of the drum 37 and the angle is moved to the outlet 47, and small - in the outlet 46. Each tap is connected to the receiving chamber 56 centrifuges 49. Under the action of a rapidly rotating drum 57 and centrifugal forces water mass nodule is removed and the thick fraction is moved by means of screws for loading into transport vessels. Ships take a lot of nodules to refining. Mining of nodules can be performed at different depths. If you produce nodule mining at great depth, the chain conveyor 10 will be located in verticalvelocity. If the extraction of nodules produced on average depth, the circuit will be located on a small inclined plane. If nodules will produce a shallow depth - circuit will have a large slope. To reduce weight loss nodules buckets 11 are fixed on the chains 10 hinged at the bottom under the buckets are connected to the chains by means of a flexible rod 15. Made with the possibility under the weight of the cargo to maintain its vertical position regardless of the inclination of the chain. When moving empty buckets 11 top-down cargo Luggage 12 turns and plunges into the water of the ocean. The air contained in the chamber, replaced, and removed mass of the water and through the holes 14. The electric generator 16, located on Board the catamaran 32 supplies electrical energy to the seabed by an electric circuit cable lines 21 and feeds the electric motors 17 of the drive 9, the motor 53 of the frame 51 on which is mounted floodlight 18 and the television camera 19, providing turn the projector 18 and the television camera 19 360° to send a review of information from all sides by means of light wave conductors 24 and feeds the spotlight 18, chamber 19, an electric winch 20. In addition, provides electrical energy in a cable transmission line electric motors 7 of the drive shaft coil reels 2 and the electric is Kia motors 45 device 36 to separate the mass fraction and electric motors 50 centrifuges 49. Turn the projector 18 and the television camera 19 is carried out remotely from the control unit 23 by pressing the switch. Thus the electrical circuit supplying the electric motor 53, closes or opens. Remote control the movement of the trolley 9 is also carried out with the remote control 23 by pressing the appropriate button 35, while the electrical circuit supplying the electric motor 17, is closed or opened. You can stop or move the trolley 9 forward. Electric winches 20 operate in automatic mode.

The device can operate in the second embodiment. The second option is the same as the first variant differs from it in that the device /6, 7, 8/ made trailer, coupled with the vessel of the catamaran 32 or other vessel, the device has a frame 62 with three or more frames 63, frames are staggered. The frame 62 is provided with a floating Pantone supports 64. Dnipropetrovsk oblast rounded out the electrical circuit supplying the electric motors 7, 6, 17, 53, the compressor 25 floodlight 18 and the television camera 19. At this spot lights well the bottom of the ocean, transmission television camera 19 transmits information of the terrain of the ocean, and transfer television camera 19 transmits information of the terrain. The electric motor 17 moves those who YSU 9 with the platform and the frame 68 at the bottom of the ocean. The electric motor 7 rotates the shafts of the drums 2. Drums 2 with their jagged surfaces draw and result in translational movement of the chain 10. Circuit 10 move the buckets 11. As soon as the bucket 11 moves to the drum 8, the bucket 11 is deployed on 90° and their serrated knives draws sedimentary layer nodules, filling the entire volume of the bucket 11, and moves it upwards. As only one of the buckets 11 will move to the switch 29, the switch 29 closes an electrical circuit supplying electric winch 20 /4/. The winch 20 by the tension of the rope 31 rotates, tilts the tube 26 from the vertical to the horizontal position, bringing the pipe 26 under the float chamber through the open bottom portion of the float chamber of the bucket 11. When moving the pipe 26 is in contact with the microswitch 30, he opens the electrical circuit powering the winch 20. Under the action of the kinetic energy of the spring 28 tends to straighten up and moves the pipe 26 from the horizontal to the vertical position. The compressor 25 delivers compressed air through a pipe 26 and fills the compressed air to the float chamber 13 of the bucket 11. During the filling of the air chamber 13, the water chamber is displaced. After filling the chamber 13 with compressed air scoops 11 acquire the property of buoyancy, float, accelerating the movement of the conveyor chain 10, reduced load Natai is of the chain productivity increases. As soon as the bucket 11 will move to the switch 29, the switch 29 closes an electrical circuit supplying electric winch 20, it is their tension rope 31 again moves the pipe 26 from the vertical to the horizontal position. The pipe 26 is in contact with the microswitch 30, he opens the electrical circuit supplying electric winch 20. Spring 28 again moves the pipe 26 from the horizontal to the vertical position. The pipe 26 again fills the float chamber 13 another bucket 11. Then all the operations are repeated. As soon as the bucket 11 will move upwards and will be above the water surface, the water from the bucket 11 flows through the holes 14. As soon as the bucket 11 will move from the upper coil of the drum 2, the bucket 11 is rotated under the proper angle and weight of nodules falls under gravity down into the container 3 on the inclined surface moves in the groove 7 and using the electric motor 6 is moved by a screw 5 in the receiving chamber 56 on the grid 41. Using an inclined grating 41 stones and other large fraction removed in capacity / not shown/and the rest mass of an inlet chamber 56 flows into the centrifuge 49. From the rapid rotation of the drum by centrifugal forces nodules dehydrated, water is removed, and August is the fraction of moves by means of screws for loading vessels. During the storm, click on the button 35 in the control unit 23, Dnipropetrovsk oblast rounded out the electrical circuit powering the solenoid 66 of the electromagnetic valve 65. The solenoid 66, a magnetic field, the core is drawn into the solenoid 66 by moving your rod locking mechanism 67 of the valve 65 located in all reference floating Pantone 64. The valve 65 is opened, the compressed air is expelled through the valve 65 enters the water, the water, filling the volume of the floating pantones, removes the air. Once filled, the volume of pantones water (a certain part of the volume), the frame 62 moves up and down and sinks to the proper depth. Click on another button 35 of the control unit 23, when this opens the electrical circuit powering the solenoid 66. The solenoid 66 disappears magnetic field under the action of the spring core of the solenoid with the rod moves the locking mechanism 67 of the valve 65. The valve 65 is closed. The frame 62 is immersed to a certain depth of the ocean water, well maintained and not subjected to the destructive forces of the storm. After the storm again Dnipropetrovsk oblast rounded out the electrical circuit powering the solenoid 66 of the electromagnetic valve 65, the solenoid 66, a magnetic field, the core is drawn into the solenoid 66 by moving the locking mechanism 67 of the valve 65. The valve 65 is opened. Dnipropetrovsk oblast rounded out the electrical circuit powering the compressor 25. The compressor 25 nagn the melting compressed air in all capacity pontoon supports and completely displaces water from them. Once the water is completely removed, Pantone support 64 surface water of the ocean. Then break the electrical circuit powering the solenoid 66. The solenoid 66 of the magnetic field disappears and the core with current moves the locking mechanism 67 to its original position. The valve 65 is closed. In the pontoons 64 pump compressed air and unlock the electrical circuit powering the compressor 25.

The device can operate in the third embodiment. The third option is the same as the first and second variants, differs from them in that on the upper 62 and lower 69 frames installed in two rows RAM 63. On each frame 63 has one series of conveyors with two rows of shafts 68, which is rigidly fixed to the drums 2 and 8. The shafts 68 reels reels 2 equipped with an electric motor 7. Drums 8 are located apart from each other with an appropriate spacing. On the frame 69 at the bottom of the platform truck 9 between the two drums 8, ahead of their fixed wedge mechanisms 70, made with the possibility of moving trucks 9 frame 69, the wedge-shaped moving mechanisms 70, they separate layer of nodules and move it from two sides to the devices bunker loading buckets 11. All wheels of the trolley 9 is equipped with electric motors 17. Made with the possibility of overcoming power resistance when razdevanie and moving the wedge is shaped mechanisms 70 for a quick and full loading of the buckets 11 weight of nodules.

The device can operate in the fourth embodiment, the fourth option is the same as the first variant differs from it in that the device is made trailer, mounted on a pedal boat or other vessel. The device has a frame 62 that contains three or more frame 63. The frame 63 is installed in two rows in a staggered manner. The frame 62 is provided with a floating Pantone supports 64 located on the surface of the water. In each frame 63 has one flexible conveyor with two coils of reels 2. At the bottom of the base frame 63 is a longitudinal tank 3 containing a tank 3 containing the groove 4, in which the set screw, equipped with an electric motor 6. Coil reels 2 equipped with an electric motor 7. Coil reels 2 are connected with the coils of the drum 8 by means of endless chains 10. On circuits 10 hinged elongated buckets 11 containing the cargo and the float 13 of the camera.

The device can operate in the fifth embodiment. The fifth option is the same as 1-4 options, differs from them in that the upper frame 62 is located a few frames 63 in one row. Frame 63 are located on the surface of the water. In frames 63 are installed coil reels 2, spaced from each other with an appropriate distance. Coil reels paired and electric motors 7, are connected by the chain conveyor 10. the and circuits hinged buckets 11. Between the coils of reels 2 are the vessel 3 containing the chute 4 and the screw 5, equipped with electric motors 6 and centrifuge 49. On the lower frame 69 front coil reels 8 under the bottom of the platform truck 9 in the intervals of the interval between the coils of reels 8 are the transport mechanisms 71, made in the form of screws, equipped with electric motors 72 and the guide 73. Made with the possibility of moving a layer of nodules screw conveyor along the guide rails 71 and 73 to the devices bunker loading buckets 11.

1.Installation for the extraction of minerals from the ocean floor, comprising a frame, hung on a catamaran, a hinge mounted on the frame at different levels coil reels with the drives, the capacity located in the bottom base frame containing a groove, in which is set auger with drive, drums, a frame connected with the reel of bogie by means of endless chains on which hinged buckets, truck camera with face side contain holes made with the possibility of removal of the water when moving the buckets above the water surface, the bottom of buckets connected with chains flexible rods and configured to maintain the vertical position loads on the circuits when the angle of inclination of the chain, a compressor connected with poplaw the new cameras buckets with flexible armored tube, connected with rope electric winch and spring, winch connected to the switches by means of an electric circuit made with the possibility of automatic activation of the winch in an electric circuit when the movement of the buckets, the catamaran is connected to the trolley platform using a wire rope hoist, mounted on Board, made with the possibility of lowering or lifting truck from the ocean floor, electric motors winches connected to the buttons on the remote control, performed with remote control electric winch, in the case of a catamaran devices are installed to separate the mass of nodules on the factions and their dehydration, made in the form of a rotating mesh drum with different diameter holes located coaxially to each other with an interval provided with a receiving cell, actuator and taps factions, each allocation fractions connected with the centrifuge, equipped with a drive.

2. Installation, includes a frame containing three or more frames, staggered in two rows, and the centrifuge made trailer and with the ability to mount on the vessel, the frame is provided with a floating Pantone supports, each of which is connected to the compressor and includes an electromagnetic valve, is arranged to dip frame to appropriate the total depth at the storm and emerged after a storm, each frame is rigidly fixed to two longitudinal capacity, provided with grooves, in which the set screws with drives on both sides of the tank at different levels of the fixed shaft with a coil reels and actuators, drums provided with endless chains on which hinged buckets.

3. Installation, includes a frame containing three or more frames located in one or two rows, and the centrifuge made trailer and with the ability to mount on the vessel, the frame is provided with a floating pontoon supports of the frame are connected, in each frame are fastened one longitudinal capacity, provided with a groove in which the set screw with the drive frame, mounted on cart, located at the bottom of the ocean, in front of the conveyors under the trolley platform rigidly fixed wedge-shaped transporting mechanism, located between the coils of reels made with the possibility of movement of the sliding layer nodules from two sides to the device bunker download bucket.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: technologies for extracting concretions from sea bottom.

SUBSTANCE: device has watercraft, extracting device with collecting means and pulp-pump, force pipeline, perforated branch pipe with sizes of opening less than minimal size of extracted concretions. Perforated branch pipe is positioned in portion of force pipeline adjacent to extracting device and is provided with flanges, and diameter of perforated branch pipe decreases away from extracting machine. Extracting machine is provided with additional pump with latch, mounted in parallel with pulp-pump of extracting machine, and between perforated branch pipe and force pipeline check valve is positioned.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 dwg

FIELD: technologies for extracting concretions from sea bottom.

SUBSTANCE: complex has watercraft, extracting machine with take-in device and pulp-pump, supporting pipeline, perforated branch pipe with sizes of apertures less than minimal size of extracted concretions. Perforated branch pipe is positioned at portion of force pipeline adjacent to extracting machine, and is provided with flanges. Apertures of perforated branch pipe are made in form of multi-drive slit channels along whole length of perforated branch pipe, provided with bandages. Slit channels can be made in form of constant width and directed along generatrix lines of perforated branch pipe, and bandages are positioned in direction perpendicular relatively to perorated branch pipe. Slit channels can be made in form of portions serially positioned behind one another and expanding towards movement of hydraulic mixture. Slit channels can be made of spiral shape, an bandages - in form of longitudinal rods.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: means for organic and chemical fertilizers obtaining, particularly to extract sapropel silt from lake and lagoon bottom and for water ponds cleaning.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises water-craft with executive tool and with extraction tool of suction type, transportation mechanism and optional equipment. Executive tool comprises turbofan, bell-shaped case with serrated lower edge and at least two pipelines mounted in the case and used for feeding compressed air and driving extraction tool. Optional equipment includes hoisting means and seriously connected accumulator vessel, bin, sump, evaporator, disperser, pelletizer, drying chamber, metering device and transportation mechanism.

EFFECT: reduced sapropel mass losses, reduced time of sapropel preparation to use.

13 dwg

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: mining combine has extraction means, on which a body is mounted, having at least one first liquid outlet, for supplying liquid to material. Pipeline, through which liquid is fed to first liquid outlet, contains means for measuring flow and/or pressure of liquid in pipeline, for determining, in which of to layers outlet is positioned. Combine can have at least one second liquid outlet, placed in such a way, that first liquid outlet is in lower layer, and second liquid outlet is placed in upper layer. First liquid outlet can have one of multiple first liquid outlets spaced from each other, and second liquid outlet - one of multiple spaced from each other second liquid outlets. Efficiency of liquid flow through multiple spaced first outlets can surpass those of multiple spaced from each other second liquid outlets. Placement of second liquid outlet in separate body cover is possible. First and second liquid outlets can be directed downwardly relatively to direction of mining combine displacement. Method for controlling depth of position of mining combine extraction means includes placing two liquid outlets, interacting with material extraction means, in a material, while second liquid outlet is placed above first liquid outlet, liquid is fed to first and second liquid outlets and flow and/or pressure of liquid is measured. Layer, wherein liquid outlet lies, is detected, and first liquid outlet is placed in lower layer and second liquid outlet is placed in upper layer, to determine depth of position of extraction means relatively to two layers.

EFFECT: higher precision.

2 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has bottom power assembly, connected to base watercraft by force pipeline with conical perforated portion, adjacent to bottom power assembly, conical perforated portion of force pipeline is made of sheet of elastic material and provided with rigid branch pipes with flanges on both ends. Flanges of branch pipes are interconnected by round-link chains placed along flanges perimeter, which are connected to flanges of power assembly and force pipeline branch pipe.

EFFECT: simplified construction, lower costs, higher efficiency.

4 cl, 4 dwg

The invention relates to paleotechnic, namely obtaining medical mud and the production of medicines, including therapeutic and preventive

Groundsamine device // 2239701
The invention relates to the mining industry and can be applied in the extraction of placer minerals from underwater deposits

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in the extraction and processing of sapropel on fertilizer

The invention relates to installations for the extraction of minerals from the bottom of seas and oceans

The invention relates to a curved discharge lines, namely mainly used in hydraulic systems field development in the shelf zone of the Baltic sea

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has bottom power assembly, connected to base watercraft by force pipeline with conical perforated portion, adjacent to bottom power assembly, conical perforated portion of force pipeline is made of sheet of elastic material and provided with rigid branch pipes with flanges on both ends. Flanges of branch pipes are interconnected by round-link chains placed along flanges perimeter, which are connected to flanges of power assembly and force pipeline branch pipe.

EFFECT: simplified construction, lower costs, higher efficiency.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: mining combine has extraction means, on which a body is mounted, having at least one first liquid outlet, for supplying liquid to material. Pipeline, through which liquid is fed to first liquid outlet, contains means for measuring flow and/or pressure of liquid in pipeline, for determining, in which of to layers outlet is positioned. Combine can have at least one second liquid outlet, placed in such a way, that first liquid outlet is in lower layer, and second liquid outlet is placed in upper layer. First liquid outlet can have one of multiple first liquid outlets spaced from each other, and second liquid outlet - one of multiple spaced from each other second liquid outlets. Efficiency of liquid flow through multiple spaced first outlets can surpass those of multiple spaced from each other second liquid outlets. Placement of second liquid outlet in separate body cover is possible. First and second liquid outlets can be directed downwardly relatively to direction of mining combine displacement. Method for controlling depth of position of mining combine extraction means includes placing two liquid outlets, interacting with material extraction means, in a material, while second liquid outlet is placed above first liquid outlet, liquid is fed to first and second liquid outlets and flow and/or pressure of liquid is measured. Layer, wherein liquid outlet lies, is detected, and first liquid outlet is placed in lower layer and second liquid outlet is placed in upper layer, to determine depth of position of extraction means relatively to two layers.

EFFECT: higher precision.

2 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: means for organic and chemical fertilizers obtaining, particularly to extract sapropel silt from lake and lagoon bottom and for water ponds cleaning.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises water-craft with executive tool and with extraction tool of suction type, transportation mechanism and optional equipment. Executive tool comprises turbofan, bell-shaped case with serrated lower edge and at least two pipelines mounted in the case and used for feeding compressed air and driving extraction tool. Optional equipment includes hoisting means and seriously connected accumulator vessel, bin, sump, evaporator, disperser, pelletizer, drying chamber, metering device and transportation mechanism.

EFFECT: reduced sapropel mass losses, reduced time of sapropel preparation to use.

13 dwg

FIELD: technologies for extracting concretions from sea bottom.

SUBSTANCE: complex has watercraft, extracting machine with take-in device and pulp-pump, supporting pipeline, perforated branch pipe with sizes of apertures less than minimal size of extracted concretions. Perforated branch pipe is positioned at portion of force pipeline adjacent to extracting machine, and is provided with flanges. Apertures of perforated branch pipe are made in form of multi-drive slit channels along whole length of perforated branch pipe, provided with bandages. Slit channels can be made in form of constant width and directed along generatrix lines of perforated branch pipe, and bandages are positioned in direction perpendicular relatively to perorated branch pipe. Slit channels can be made in form of portions serially positioned behind one another and expanding towards movement of hydraulic mixture. Slit channels can be made of spiral shape, an bandages - in form of longitudinal rods.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: technologies for extracting concretions from sea bottom.

SUBSTANCE: device has watercraft, extracting device with collecting means and pulp-pump, force pipeline, perforated branch pipe with sizes of opening less than minimal size of extracted concretions. Perforated branch pipe is positioned in portion of force pipeline adjacent to extracting device and is provided with flanges, and diameter of perforated branch pipe decreases away from extracting machine. Extracting machine is provided with additional pump with latch, mounted in parallel with pulp-pump of extracting machine, and between perforated branch pipe and force pipeline check valve is positioned.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 dwg

FIELD: mining industry, particularly for obtaining minerals from underwater.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises frame carried by catamaran, drum reels secured to frame at different levels and provided with driving means. Arranged in lower frame base is vessel having chute in which auger is installed. The auger is provided with drive. Frame drums are connected to truck through endless chains to which buckets are hinged. Load cavities of the buckets have orifice arranged from end side thereof and adapted to remove water when buckets move over water surface. Lower bases of the buckets are connected with chains through flexible rods and maintain vertical positions of loads arranged on chains when chain inclination varies. Plant also has compressor connected to float chambers of the buckets by flexible armored tube secured to electric winch rope and by spring. Electric winch is linked with microswitches by electric circuit. Microswitches are adapted to automatically bring electric winch into electric circuit during bucket movement. Catamaran is connected to truck platform through ropes of the winch connected to ship and adapted to lower or lift the truck from ocean bottom. Electric drives of the winches are linked with switch buttons of control panel, which provides remote winch control. Installed in catamaran body are devices to separate concretion mass into fraction and to dehydrate thereof. The devices are made as rotary netted drums with different orifice diameters. The drums are coaxial and spaced apart one from another. Each drum is provided with receiving chamber, drive and fraction outlet. Each fraction outlet is connected to centrifugal means having drive. In accordance to the second embodiment plant has case including three or more frames arranged in staggered order in two rows and centrifugal means. The plant is made as trailed unit and may be unitized with ship. The case is provided with floating pontoon supports. Each pontoon support is connected to compressor and has electromagnetic valve so that the support may immerse the case at proper depth in stormy conditions and emerge thereof after storm termination. Two longitudinal vessels provided with chutes are connected to each frame. Installed in chutes are augers with drives. Shafts with drum reels and drives are secured from both vessel sides at different levels thereof. The drums are provided with endless chains to which buckets are hinged. In accordance with the third embodiment the plant comprises case having three or more frames. The frames are arranged in one or two rows and connected one to another. One longitudinal vessel in secured to each frame. The vessel is provided with chute in which auger with drive is installed. The plant also has case installed on truck, which is mounted on ocean bottom. Conveying wedge-like mechanism is fixedly secured in front of conveyers under truck platform. The wedge-like mechanism is movably installed between drum reels to shift concretion layer from two sides towards bunker bucket loading means.

EFFECT: increased capacity, reliability and durability, improved technical means, workmanship and extended technological capabilities.

3 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: obtaining minerals from underwater, particularly hydro-mechanized devices for concretion production from seabed.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises movable seabed unit with pulp pump and outlet pipe, pressure pipeline with perforated part, basic ship and connection flanges. The perforated part is formed of parallel pipes connected with outlet pipe of the pulp pump and with pressure pipeline by distribution pipes. Number of pipes and pipe diameter are determined from where D1 is diameter of outlet pulp pump pipe, D2 and n - diameter and number of pipes composing perforated part of pressure pipeline.

EFFECT: increased productivity.

5 dwg

FIELD: rock mining, particularly to develop gravel-sand deposits.

SUBSTANCE: rid comprises body made as U-shaped pontoon and having docking mechanism, which provides connection of similar pontoon sections to maintain floatability thereof in the case of suction head weight increasing. The rig also has suction head made as downhole hydraulic mining tool and having ground receiving means and portal crane for ground receiver lifting and lowering arranged in front pontoon part. The ground receiver is lifted and lowered by suction head rotation about axle arranged in central pontoon part. The rig also has sludge line connected to suction head.

EFFECT: possibility of mining work performing at variable development depth.

4 dwg

FIELD: mining, particularly to produce ore and rock materials, for instance building materials.

SUBSTANCE: mining rig comprises pontoon with suction head having sludge receiving means, as well as crane for sludge receiving means lifting and lowering installed in front pontoon part. Sludge receiving means is lifted and lowered by suction head rotation about axle connected to pontoon. Rig comprises sludge line connected to sludge channel of suction head. The pontoon has U-shaped cross-section and is provided with additional crane arranged in rear part thereof. The suction head is made as downhole hydraulic tool having string composed of two parts in length direction. The parts are pivotally connected one to another. The string is arranged on pontoon so that the parts may be lowered in series. The cranes are portal. The axle is located in rear or front pontoon part.

EFFECT: possibility of mining work performing at variable development depth.

2 dwg

FIELD: methods to develop underwater and flooded ferromanganesian concretion and phosphate shelf concretion deposits, as well as similar flooded and marine deposits mainly including horizontal and flat thin seams located on bed surface.

SUBSTANCE: draghead comprises frame body with upper, lower, side and rear walls, suction pipe of suction dredge, blades secured to intermediate bottom, which may rotate in vertical plane. The draghead is also provided with hydraulic abrasing unit having pressure pipe transversal to upper frame body wall. The pressure pipe is provided with hydraulic heads. The draghead comprises ball-and-socket hinge arranged in upper frame body orifice. Upper horizontal edge of rounded side wall is connected to inner surface of upper wall. Side wall flat part height and rounded part height thereof are related as 1:0.5. Ball-and-socket hinge and rounded part of side frame body have curvature radii in plane view equal to active suction dredge suction radius. Intermediate bottom is installed inside rounded side wall of frame body and may rotate with the use of two hydraulic cylinders about horizontal pin secured to rounded part of side frame body wall.

EFFECT: simplified structure and reduced losses in sludge lines.

7 dwg

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