Method for adjusting mental state

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves building-up situations of narrator-listener type created by skilled story-teller. The story-teller retells contents of a writing belonging to the best high style realistic works of literature of classic and contemporary belle-letters manifesting life-asserting humanistic principles of decisive importance for adjusting mental condition of a patient. The situations of narrator-listener type are reproduced twice. First, the professional story-teller verbally fulfils mental images code conversion sequentially reconstructed in memory by describing them in words with emotional and sensual manifestations corresponding to images under reproduction and to the contents of the work of literature and expressing own relation both to the patient and normopsychologic patterns of heroes and other relation norms described in the work of literature under retelling. A patient retells the things he has heard in reproductive way by giving verbal description of the own mental images corresponding to apprehended contents of retold story.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.

2 cl

 

The correction method of the mental state relates to the field of psychology, psychotherapy, education, pedagogy. The method can be used, in particular, for the correction of the psyche in pathological and pre-pathological States caused by the effects of psychogenic trauma, presence of mental retardation (mental retardation) and other types of mental underdevelopment and oppression of the psyche, Directorate.

There is a method of correction of the mental state through the use of rational methods of psychotherapy (psychotherapy, edited by Prof. Veerina, Tashkent, 1979, p.194-198), including the dialogue between doctor and patient, during which time on the basis of logical reasoning talked patient and taught us the right way of thinking in regard of his illness, for example, by introducing special literature. The known method has a number of disadvantages: 1) low degree of effectiveness of the correction of the mental state due to the narrow focus of the only way to create the patient has the right attitude toward his illness without the correction of social and behavioral aspects, 2) the impossibility of deducing the patient catharsis because of the emphasis on logic without using emotional and sensory impact, which is especially important in working with children, 3) the inability to time the development of creative thinking, 4) the impossibility of development of creative abilities of the patient, 5) the impossibility of increasing the degree of activation of all higher mental functions due to the lack of emotional and sensory impact, 6) the impossibility of increasing the degree of development of speech due to the lack of activity on the part of the patient 7) the impossibility of increasing the degree of stress due to the lack of emotional and sensory impact.

Known method of imagetree method Nesporova (Leadership in psychotherapy, edited by Prof. Veerina, Tashkent, 1979, s-243), adopted as the closest analogue and includes a preliminary course in-depth individual psychotherapy with the subsequent conduct of group psychotherapy, which create a situation of "narrator-listener", during which the specialist performs the paraphrase in your own words the content of literary works from among the best realistic works of classic and contemporary literature, with a life-affirming, humanistic content. At this crucial energy and psychological experience of the head of imagetree. The known method has the following disadvantages: 1) too long because of the need for prior course in-depth individual psychot is rapee, 2) the low degree of activation of the higher mental functions due to the inability o patient catharsis, but also because of the rather high probability of emotional passivity of the patient in the retelling, 3) low efficiency of correction of the mental state due to the inability of the disclosure of his own mental resources due to passive perception by the patient of retelling specialist, 4) the practical impossibility of deducing the patient catharsis due to the necessity of making the patient a large number of mental action, 5) low degree of development of creative thinking of the patient because of the high probability rote read literary works, displayed by a patient during the retelling, 6) low level of development of creative abilities of the patient due to the inability of the disclosure of his own mental resources, 7) low level of development of speech because of the high probability rote read literary works, displayed by a patient during the retelling, 8) low degree of emotional and sensory stability of the patient to the stress due to the necessity of making the patient a large number of mental action, 9) the impossibility of increasing the degree Akti is Itachi thinking process because of the high probability rote read literary works, displayed by the patient during the retelling.

The invention solves the problem of increasing the degree of adaptability in life, accelerate mental development and increased cognitive activity.

Technical result achieved with the use of the invention is: (1) accelerating the process of correction of the mental state, 2) to increase the efficiency of the process of correction of the mental condition of the patient, 3) the increase of the degree of activation of the higher mental functions, 4) removal of the patient to catharsis, 5) to increase the degree of development of creative thinking, 6) to increase the degree of creativity, 7) increase the degree of development of speech, 8) to increase the emotional and sensual sustainability, 9) in the activation process of thinking.

The inventive method of correction of the mental state includes the creation experienced in rasskazchitsei activity specialist situation, "the narrator-listener", during which the specialist performs a paraphrase of the content of literary works from among the best highly realistic works of classic and contemporary literature, with a life-affirming, humanistic content, which is crucial for the correction of the mental condition of the patient.

The inventive method differs in that the sieve is of "narrator-listener" create twice in this first specialist in the process of retelling provides verbal recoding consistently reproducible in memory of mental images, describing them verbally with emotional and sensual manifestations corresponding to the described images and content of the work, and with the manifestation of his attitude toward the patient, and normocephalic heroes works, and the norm of the other relationships described in the reported work, the patient then provides reproductive retelling heard a verbal description of their mental images corresponding to the contents of perceived retelling.

In the particular case of the inventive method differs in that the patient ask questions, contribute to enhancing the perception and comprehension of his visual mental images.

The inventive method is as follows. Experienced in rasskazchitsei activity specialist such as a psychologist or teacher pre-selects literary works from among the best highly realistic works of classic and contemporary literature, with a life-affirming, humanistic content, i.e. meeting the criteria of realism, humanism, optimism and completeness, and crucial for the correction of sinichenkova the status of a particular patient, contributing to this correction. Then the specialist double-creates a situation of "narrator-listener". In the first situation, as the narrator speaks, and as the listener is patient, and in the second situation as the narrator acts as a patient and as a listener is the expert. Creating a situation "narrator-listener" twice when first storyteller is a specialist in the role of listener is patient, and then in the role of narrator is the patient, and the role of the listener is a specialist, does not slow down the adjustment process twice, as might be expected, but instead allows you to speed up the process of correction of the mental condition of the patient, by increasing the degree of activation of his higher mental functions, which is an unexpected effect that helped to overcome the long stagnation since 1979 in the field of imagetree. In the first situation the narrator-listener" specialist performs a literary retelling of contents pre-selected literary works, acting as the narrator, the patient acts as a listener. The creation of this situation, the specialist performs, for example, asking the patient to listen to a story or completed an excerpt from a larger work in his p is resize. In the process of retelling specialist consistently reproduces in memory mental images corresponding to the content previously read them retells literary works, and verbal recodes these images, describing them verbally with emotional and sensual manifestations corresponding to the described images, and with the manifestation of his attitude toward the patient, and normocephalic heroes works, as well as normal other relationships described in the reported work. Implementation specialist in the process of retelling verbal recoding consistently reproducible in memory of mental images corresponding to the content of the reported works, allows to increase the degree of efficiency of correction of the mental condition of the patient and bring it to a catharsis by opening their own mental resources of the patient due to the activation of unconscious mental processes, but also allows to increase the degree of emotional and sensory stability of the patient. The patient, acting as a listener perceives not just words that reflect the content of literary works, and the emotions, feelings, attitude specialist who acts as a narrator, and through this perception creates in his in whom the imagination, their mental images, relevant content heard them from a specialist literary retelling. Creating a patient in the process of perception retelling of a specialist in the imagination of their mental images corresponding to the contents of perceived paraphrase, increases the degree of activation of his higher mental functions, including increases in the degree of development of creative thinking and creative abilities, to accelerate the correction of his mental condition, by catharsis. After that, the specialist creates the second situation the narrator-listener", in which the role of the narrator is the patient, and the role of the listener is the expert. The creation of this situation, he realizes, for example, asking the patient to retell heard. In the second situation the narrator-listener" patient plays in memory of their mental images corresponding to perceive them retelling, and your own words to describe them, thereby carrying out reproductive retelling heard them from a specialist literary retelling of the work. Subsequent implementation by the patient of reproductive retelling heard them tell a specialist verbal description of their mental images corresponding to the contents of perceived paraphrase, called the em to significantly accelerate the process of correction of the mental condition of the patient and to increase the degree of development of creative thinking through the activation of unconscious mental processes, including to increase the level of development of speech, to enhance the thinking process and to increase the degree of emotional and sensual sustainability, to increase the degree of development of creative abilities. On the basis of quality assessment, i.e. the accuracy of the description of the images, and completeness of reproductive retelling, i.e. the volume of involuntary memorization of the text, the expert draws conclusions about the degree of correction of the mental condition of the patient. In General, the set of distinctive features of independent claim of the invention can significantly improve the degree of efficiency of correction of the mental condition of the patient and to accelerate this process and to increase the degree of adaptability of the patient in life, which ultimately helped to eliminate the long stagnation in the industry imagetree.

In the particular case when the patient has difficulties with the formation, sensual perception and understanding of their mental images, leading to a decline in involuntary memory, specialist after the patient of reproductive retelling asks him questions, contributing to enhancing the perception and comprehension of his visual mental images. Such questions, for example, are: "Why the character acted that way?", "Looked like a hero?". The patient answers the questions of a specialist. OS is IAOD evaluation of these answers specialist, for example, the psychologist, draws conclusions about the degree of correction of the mental condition of the patient. In the particular case of asking a specialist to patient questions, contributing to enhancing the perception and comprehension of his visual mental images, allows not only to enhance the thinking process, but also to increase the degree of development of creative thinking, improve the level of development of speech, to accelerate the process of correction of the mental state due to the activation of unconscious mental processes.

Under rasskazchitsei activities in professional psychological practice imagetree and in the present application is understood to be directed to the listener the transmission of the content of literary works from among the best realistic works of classic and contemporary literature, with a life-affirming, humanistic content, i.e. corresponding to the principles of realism, humanism, optimism and completeness, based on the assessment of the perception of the listener and involving the transfer of experiences and thoughts of the author laid in a literary work, and their own moral and ethical relationship of the narrator to the reproduced content of literary works based on them conscious of virtual reality. The term "rasskazchika activity" introduced in the latter the th practice Nscolorwell.

Under the expert in rasskazchitsei activity specialist is the specialist high skills create in your imagination a clear and vivid mental images corresponding to the contents reproduced his works, the subsequent full and adequate verbal recoding of these images and the transmission of their moral and ethical attitude to the content of the reproduced works to ensure the direction of transmission of the content of literary works specific to the listener in the process rasskazchitsei activity.

Example 1. An educational psychologist with extensive experience rasskazchitsei activity in one of the secondary schools of St. Petersburg was taken for correction of the mental status of schoolchildren suffering from directopedia. Pre-educational psychologist made the selection of a number of literary works from among the best highly realistic works of classic and contemporary literature, with a life-affirming, humanistic content, i.e. consistent with the principles of realism, humanism, optimism and fulfillment. Educational psychologist before working with any student having the syndrome Directorate, reproduced in memory or read a literary work from a number of them selected. During reproduction in which Amati or reciting literary works educational psychologist reproduced or created in your imagination fancies corresponding to the content of literary works. At the beginning of the correction of the mental state educational psychologist offered to the student to listen to a literary work in its retelling, i.e. created the first situation, "the narrator-listener", during which he played the role of narrator, and the student played the role of listener. During the implementation of the literary retelling educational psychologist consistently reproduced in memory mental images corresponding to the content retells his literary works, and verbal were recode them, describing words with involuntary emotional and sensory manifestations, expressing its moral and ethical attitude to the content of the work. The student acting in the role of listener, listening to emotional, painted feelings retelling of the teacher-psychologist, perceived not just words that reflect the content of literary works, but also emotions, feelings and attitudes of the teacher-psychologist. As a result of this perception almost every schoolboy quite easily created in the imagination of their mental images corresponding to the content he heard the retelling. After that, the educational psychologist suggested student to retell heard, i.e. created the second situation the narrator-listener", during which the Oli narrator played schoolboy, and in the role of listener was made by the educational psychologist. In the second situation the narrator-listener" schoolboy remembered retelling of the teacher-psychologist, was observed in their memory their mental images corresponding to the content heard them tell, in your own words described them. Based on the assessment of quality and completeness of reproductive retelling of a schoolboy content heard them works educational psychologist made conclusions about the degree of correction of the mental state of the student.

The student And. were identified difficulties with sensory perception and understanding of his mental images that had a negative impact on the volume of involuntary memory content of the work. Educational psychologist asked him questions, contributing to enhancing the perception and understanding of mental images and, therefore, stimulating the development of involuntary memory, for example: "What did the hero?", "Why the character acted that way?", "Looked like a hero?". Answers student And. educational psychologist made conclusions about the degree of correction of his mental condition.

Example 2. In the psychological family counseling at St. Petersburg Center N. Govorova "Adaptation and human development psychologist with experience rasskazchitsei activities, conducted the session correction psihicheskogo the status male age 41 years, seeking assistance because of disagreements with his wife in the education of the son. The psychologist asked him to listen to an excerpt from literary works related to the topic corresponding to the principles of realism, humanism, optimism and completeness, in the retelling of a psychologist. During the retelling psychologist consistently reproduced in memory mental images corresponding to the content previously read his works, i.e. the contents of that episode of literary works, which he currently told. Retelling the psychologist was accompanied by involuntary emotional and sensory manifestations, appropriate retells the episode, as well as the emotional expression of his relationship to psihologice heroes works and to the patient. Listening to emotional, painted feelings retelling, the patient was seen not just words that reflect the content of literary works, but also emotions, feelings and relationship psychologist. As a result of this perception of the patient is created in the imagination of their mental images corresponding to the content he heard the retelling. After that, the psychologist asked the patient to retell heard. Remembering heard the retelling of the psychologist, the patient was reproduced in the memory of their mental images corresponding to the content heard them pereskia is a, his words described them. Based on the assessment of quality and completeness of reproductive retelling of the patient, the psychologist made conclusions about the degree of correction of the mental condition of the patient. After the reproductive retelling of the patient, the psychologist asked him questions, contributing to enhancing the perception and understanding of his mental images. On the basis of patient response to these questions, the psychologist made conclusions about the degree of correction of the mental condition of the patient.

Practical use of the proposed method allows to increase the degree of adaptability in the lives of patients, in particular school children, promotes mental development. The inventive method is easy to use, can be used by teachers and school psychologists, psychiatrists, educators, psychologists wide profile, teachers, educators.

1. The correction method of the mental state, including the creation experienced in rasskazchitsei activity specialist situation, "the narrator-listener", during which the specialist performs a paraphrase of the content of literary works from among the best highly realistic works of classic and contemporary literature, with a life-affirming, humanistic content, which is crucial for the correction of the mental with the situation of the patient, characterized in that situation, "the narrator-listener" create twice, with the first specialist in the process of retelling provides verbal recoding consistently reproducible in memory of mental images, describing them verbally with emotional and sensual manifestations corresponding to the described images and content of the work, and with the manifestation of his attitude toward the patient, and normocephalic heroes works, and the norm of the other relationships described in the reported work, the patient then provides reproductive retelling heard a verbal description of their mental images corresponding to the contents of perceived retelling.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the patient ask questions, contribute to enhancing the perception and understanding of his mental images.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: medicine, balneotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: One should perform medicinal therapy with thyroxine at the dosage of 25-75 mcg/d in the morning, about 30-40 min before breakfast, take circulatory shower at 35-36 C with fresh water, perform manual surface massage of jugular area. Additionally, one should perform rational psychotherapy that includes interpretation of curative effect of radon-containing baths, suggestion of patient's adequate attitude towards his/her disease, development of positive prognosis of the disease and correction of emotional sphere. Radon-containing baths at radioactivity concentration being 0.14-0.3 kBq/l at 36-37 C should be conducted by the following scheme: the 1st d - 5 min, the 2nd d - 8 min, the 3d d - 10 min, the 4th d - the rest, the 5th d - 12 min, the 6th d - 15 min, the 7th d - the rest, the 8th d - 15 min, the 9th d - 15 min and then - the day of rest and two next days - baths per 15 min, 15 baths totally; in case of diffuse intoxic goiter by the following scheme: the 1st d - 5 min, the 2nd d - 8 min, the 3d d - 10 min, the 4th d - the rest, the 5th d - 12 min, the 6th d - 15 min, the 7th d - the rest, the 8th d - 15 min, the 9th d - 15 min, the 10th d - the rest, the 11th d - 15 min, the 12th d - 15 min, the 13th d - the rest, the 14th d - 15 min, 10 procedures totally from 1 to 5 p.m. Moreover, daily promenades both in the evening and in the morning per 60-120 min, each are, also, very useful. Moreover, evening promenade should be combined with suggestive psychotherapy. The method enables to achieve euthyroidism and decrease goiter's size, prolong remission terms, increase inspecific body resistance and normalize oxygenation and trophic processes in peripheral tissues, vascular tonicity and homeostasis.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of complex therapy.

2 cl, 2 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: medicine, balneotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: during remission period patients should be affected with balneological factor of Belokurikha health resort due to providing the baths with native thermal low-mineralized alkaline waters at increased content of silicic acid at 36-37 C at radioactivity concentration being 0.14-0.3 kBq/l. Baths should be conducted by the following scheme: the 1st d - 5 min, the 2nd d - 8 min, the 3d d - 10 min, the 4th d - the rest, the 5th d - 12 min, the 6th d - 15 min, the 7th d - the rest, the 8th d - 15 min, the 9th d - 15 min, the 10th d - the rest, the 11th d - 15 min, the 12th d - 15 min, the 13th d - the rest, the 14th d - 15 min, there are 10 procedures totally from 1 to 5 p.m. Additionally, in the morning it is necessary to take fresh-water circulatory shower, manual surface massage, rational psychotherapy for psychological correction of emotional sphere by combining the above-mentioned procedures with daily promenades both in the evening and in the morning per 60-120 min, each. The method enables to achieve euthyroidism and decrease goiter's size, prolong remission terms, increase inspecific body resistance and normalize oxygenation and trophic processes in peripheral tissues, vascular tonicity and homeostasis.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of rehabilitation.

3 cl, 2 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: psychotherapeutical methods.

SUBSTANCE: method can be used for correcting weight of the human body. When analyzing anamnesis and performing questioning, disorders of eating behavior associated with emotional discomfort are revealed. After conclusion of contract, three psychotherapeutical sessions are performed comprising rational psychotherapy making patient realize the problem. Active positive, socially significant motivation to achieve final effect is formed, namely decrease of the weight by predetermined number of kilos over a given period of time according to a diet agenda. In the first psychotherapeutical session, patient is immersed into trans state and suggestion session is carried out. Second psychotherapeutical session is carried out using neurolinguistic program. Governed by psychotherapist, patent imagine "a part of personality". After that, psychotherapist comes into communication with this "part of personality", activates patient's attention on desired result, and fixes arising physiological reactions by means of tactile contact. Further, relationship with some physical sensations corresponding to negative or positive response and their appearance in the "part of personality" is outlined when tactile contact is fulfilled. Patient is given proposal to choose new behavior ways and physician receives agreement from the "part of personality" to be responsible for this function, which agreement is tracked by physician after physiological manifestations and fixed by a conventional tactile contact. Physician proposes then to patient new ways of reacting in stress situations. Patient analyses them and chooses at least three most reliably achievable ways and "part of personality" assumes responsibility for automatic realization of these new ways of eating behavior in the further patient's life. Positive response from the "part of personality" concludes the second physiotherapy session. In the third session, "anchor" technique of neurolinguistic programming is used involving formation of indifferent, neutral, and calm attitude to food upon stress.

EFFECT: achieved stable long-term decrease of the weight by way of forming new rational eating behavior stereotype.

4 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: psychotherapeutical methods.

SUBSTANCE: method can be used for correcting weight of the human body. When analyzing anamnesis and performing questioning, disorders of eating behavior associated with strengthened response to external stimuli are revealed: a kind of food, advertising of foodstuff, and kind of the person accepting food. When disorders are revealed, rational psychotherapy is performed in order to make patient realize the problem. Active positive emotional and voluntary motivation to achieve final effect is formed, namely decrease of the weight by predetermined number of kilos over a given period of time. Principal representative information perception system (visual, aural, kinesthetic) in patient is determined. Thereafter, formula of change in eating behavior stereotype in waking state is composed in order to normalize eating behavior. Patient is then immersed into trans state and first session of indirectly imposed suggestions is carried out involving repetition of composed formula comprising categories of visual objects, aural impressions, and tactile sensation. 50% of the session time is devoted to principal representative information perception system and other 50% to secondary representative systems. In the second session, patient is immersed into trans state and suggestion of stimulation of early satiation to prevent overeating is performed. Treatment course comprises 3-4 sessions carried out with 3-5-day intervals and additional supporting treatment over a 3-month period including 1 session weekly repeating the first session. Method allows achievement of stable decrease of the weight for a long period of time by way of forming new rational eating behavior stereotype depending on type of eating behavior disorder. Effect is further enhanced owing to use of categories of predominantly representative information perception system in patient.

EFFECT: enhanced weight loss efficiency.

2 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves training patients in groups formed with age, length of service and disease type taken into account. Treatment comprises basic training program including cognitive theoretical material combined with practical tasks. The following topics like digestion and metabolism; causes, pathogenesis and symptoms of diabetes mellitus; emergency states associated with diabetes mellitus; hypo- and hyperglycemia; self-control; compensated diabetes mellitus; physical activity during diabetes mellitus; diabetes mellitus complications; diabetes and alcohol; insulin preparations and insulin therapy are sequentially studied within a training course. Practical training includes training behavior under particular circumstances usable for training child skills and additional exercises given in facultative mode. Additional information is given for fixing the acquired skills by reviewing experience received in basic lessons. Fairy tales therapy is applied in tutorial process by letting children create fairy world of diabetes where they live and are able to rule over it. Art therapy is applied for creating disease image. Dance therapy is used for mastering historical events in diabetes mellitus development by staging those historical events.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness in preventing diabetes mellitus complications.

3 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine, psychotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: one should analyze anamnesis, perform rational psychotherapy and curative psychotherapeutic impact in patient's active state. Moreover, one should diagnose individual disadaptive cognitive-behavioral style of patient's psychological reactions to negative factors, with the help of which the patient process these negative factors, and, also, accompanying mimics and pantomimics. At the first stage of curative psychotherapeutic impact one should develop adaptive patient's integrative reactions to negative factors being contrast against disadaptive and being ahead by time of appearance with the help of a card, in the left side of which there is a text containing information on detected disadaptive cognitive-behavioral style, and in its right-hand part - text that contains opposite information about adaptive cognitive-behavioral style. Moreover, left-hand part should be deleted, patient should repeat it impressively, in one's mind, by imaging negative images along with mimics and pantomimics of disgust, and right-hand part should be spoken expressively loudly by strengthening it with positive images and combining it with adequate pronounced mimics and pantomimics. After learning the text one should cut the left-hand part of the card ff and throw and keep the right-hand part. At the second stage one should neutralize disadaptive cognitive-behavioral style with physical exercises, manipulations and pharmacological preparations that lead to negative feelings. At the third stage it is necessary to prepare a patient to apply developed adaptive integrative reactions under conditions of modeling the contact with negative factors with the help of successively performed visualization and role trainings. Therapy course consists of 7-10 seances of 1-2 h duration.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

FIELD: medicine, anesthesiology, resuscitation.

SUBSTANCE: after introducing depolarizing myorelaxants, before the stage of intubation one should introduce additional quantity of brietal, its dosage being 0.45 mg/kg. The present innovation enables to provide stabilization of hemodynamic parameters.

EFFECT: decreased risk of introduced narcosis.

13 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves selecting signals showing patient consciousness level and following evoked auditory potentials as responses to repeating acoustic stimuli, applying autoregression model with exogenous input signal and calculating AAI index showing anesthesia depth next to it.

EFFECT: quick tracing of unconscious to conscious state and vice versa; high accuracy of measurements.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: medicine; therapy of neurosis, psycho-emotional disorder, hypertension and cardiopathy of different etiology.

SUBSTANCE: method of correction of psycho-physical condition of patient during sleep is based upon simultaneous influence of light and sound signals during period of sleep when patient has dreams. Light signal pulses are used with frequencies within 0,5-3,5 Hz. Intensity of influence of sound signals is chosen in such a way not to interrupt physiological dream. Light and sound signal influence is carried out during time interval being equal to full cycle of change in dream phases. Effective working range of sound signals is chosen within 1000-4000Hz frequency range. As sound signals, different music melodies can be used. Device has timer, pulse light signal source to generate pulses at frequencies within 0,5-3,5 Hz, sound signal reproduction unit, decoder for conversing sound signals from digital form to analog on and light and sound signal control unit made for controlling level of sound signals and form of their amplitude modulation as well as for setting time intervals for generation of light and sound signals at different modes of influence. Device can additional have sound signal store unit made in form of re-recording removable digital unit. Light and sound signal control unit can be made for selection sound signals followed by fixing during period of influence. Sound signals reproduction unit loudspeaker can have effective frequency range of 1000-4000 Hz. Red color light signal source can be used as a light signal source.

EFFECT: widened store of aids and means for correction of psycho-physical condition of patient.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: medicine, physiotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: at the first stage, one should affect with magnetic field upon vertebral reflexogenic areas - volar surfaces - located at colored plates as straps. At the second stage, one should affect with magnetic field upon the area of vertebral column that helps to improve psychoemotional state in patients.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

2 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine, psychiatry, psychotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with carrying out dietotherapy and psychotherapeutic impact in the course of group seances. Moreover, the main psychotherapeutic impact should be performed during two seances per 8 h each, each due to marathon technique under asthenization conditions, biorythmical misfunctioning and behavioral stereotypes. Motivation should be elaborated for patient's healthy nutrition along with self-confidence and belief into success. Program for losing body weight should be developed to visualize and concretize therapy. Diary for nutritive behavior should be written, psychological protection should be performed in case of affected dietary situation. After the main seances one should carry out psychotherapeutic impact during one seance of 3 h duration in 1 or 3 mo. During seances the results obtained should be fixed by discussing and excluding situations provoking obesity relapse. The method enables to prolong duration and stability of remission.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with the ways to treat alcoholism, narcomania, tobacco smoking, obesity, sexual disorders, gambling-mania and others. Videopicture contains either one or two additional exposures, the 25th and 26th, correspondingly, each of them contains verbal information of either prohibiting or encouraging character and depictive information that corresponds to the character of verbal information. Moreover, at first, it is necessary to show the 25th exposure only, then - the 25th and the 26th exposures together, then again - the 25th exposure only. Duration of seance for videopicture watching should last for about 20-40 min. The method enables to perform less severe impact upon a patient.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

1 cl

FIELD: medicine, in particular, narcology.

SUBSTANCE: method involves using computer as apparatus for displaying on monitor screen of brain colored images reflecting at least two states of brain: before coding by separating portions colored with yellow, green and blue colors and tints thereof reflecting increasing extent of brain affection, and after coding by separating big portion of bright-red color on the background of portions colored with yellow, green and blue colors and tints thereof, respectively; explaining to patient that portion of bright-red color is his dominant code resulted from treatment; before coding procedure, applying and fixing on patient's forehead electrodes simulating elimination of brain potentials; in the course of coding, exposing patient to light flashes with switched-off common illumination and to continuous acoustic signals generated by means of acoustic synthesizer; during coding procedure, exposing patient to light flashes issued from, for example, stroboscope, said light flashes being emitted at frequency of 1-3 Hz; providing immediate suggestion by means of microphone and telephone headsets electrically connected to microphone and secured on patient's head. Method allows preliminary treatment procedure to be avoided.

EFFECT: increased therapeutic effect.

4 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out physiological examination with electroencephalogram recorded. Cognitive evoked potential method is additionally applied as neuropsychological examination for detecting hard and latent organic brain lesions causing central nervous system pathological disorders. An additional psychophysiological examination is carried out with vision analyzer test, visuomotor response test being applied for obtaining estimations of selection, discrimination, noise immunity and muscle endurance index, movement coordination, response to moving object and integral estimation of attention and ability for perceiving significant information, motor analyzer rapid response production estimation, estimation of nature of cardiovascular system response to given psychoemotional loading estimation. The examination is sequentially carried out as primary control when hiring personnel, as intermediate control in following a training course and emergency training. Psychological testing is of multi-purpose nature. To achieve it, a set reliable tests and methods of prognostic and substantial validity are applied, including intellect and project-building tests and standardized self-reports. When making decisions concerning professional validity based on test and examination results, risk group is selected from operation personnel.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of occupational skill assessment.

FIELD: medicine, human weight correction.

SUBSTANCE: while elaborating self-realization formula a dietologist should develop weight correction mode for a patient during certain period of time without health deterioration. A psychotherapist should detect several targets for weight correction followed by psychotherapeutic seance by applying neurolinguistic programming. For this purpose, a patient should provide picturesque and detailed description of desirable function. Moreover, a psychotherapist detects positive, emotional and autonomic manifestations to form conditionally reflector relationship due to tactile contact. Under supervision of a psychotherapist due to suggestion technique a patient should imagine "a part of personality" responsible for weight correction. Then his psychotherapist has communication with mentioned "part of personality", arouses patient's attention to desirable result and fixes elaborated conditioned reflex. Then a psychotherapist illustrates communication with physical feelings that correspond to either negative or positive answer and their appearance in "a part of personality". At establishing tactile contact a psychotherapist suggests to choose new ways of behavior directed onto weight correction, obtains agreement from "a part of personality" to take care of this very function, which a psychotherapist should monitor by physiological manifestations and fix with conditioned tactile contact. A patient suggests new ways of alimentary behavior, analyze them and choose not less than 3 really achievable ones and "a part of personality" is responsible for automatic implementation of these new ways of alimentary behavior in patient's next life and at achieving positive answer from "a part of personality" sйance of psychotherapy should be finished by returning a patients into awakening state. Moreover, one should prescribe a diet at decreased caloricity of 800-900 kcal during the 1st mo, then - 1200 kcal for another month with subsequent achieving its value to correspond to normal body requirements. Psychotherapy lasts for 3-4 seances in 3-5 d at repeated maintenance therapy in a month, 1 seance. The method enables to achieve stable weight decrease during preset period of time for prolonged terms.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of weight correction.

1 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine, anesthesiology, intensive therapy, surgery.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation is suggested to correct anesthetic therapy in postoperational period. One should apply a modified visual-analog scale of pain on which patient should mark independently his (her) pain feelings by fixing them on vertical sections of the above-mentioned scale of pain every 2 h during the day, then doctor should plot an algogram of daily fluctuations of patient's pain feelings to analyze them for estimating the strength of pain feelings and adequacy of analgetic therapy conducted; and by taking into account the data obtained to conduct correction anesthetic program next day. The present innovation enables to adequately evaluate patient's pain feelings in postoperational period for subsequent performing adequate preventive analgetic therapy of pain syndrome, that, in its turn, enables to prevent pathological postoperational syndromocomplex.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of correction.

2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine, cardiology.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation includes hypolipidemic diet. Additionally, in the state of meditation one should induce the feeling of thermal disposition in intestinal area due to autosuggestion spirally starting from dextral ileal area and performing about 3-5 circles clockwise, only by narrowing the radius of movement towards navel's area, then about 3-5 circles clockwise by widening the radius of movement against initial circumference. Then one should similarly work with feelings of colic pains and cold. Moreover, autosuggestive impact should be carried out twice daily for 30-40 d, and then - once daily every other day to maintain cholesterol level at normal value. The method enables to treat hypercholesterolemia in patients despite cholesterol level.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

1 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicinal cosmetology.

SUBSTANCE: at first, one should perform target psychological tuning up for the work with a certain patient. Then, at the fist stage it is necessary to remove articular blocks, relax muscular-ligamentous apparatus of body joints with light swingings of patient's head and limbs. Moreover, one should apply long smoothing movements for limbs. The first stage should be finished with respiratory exercises. Then comes relaxing massage of jugular area and hands, plastic impact upon facial fasciae and muscles, massage of biologically active points and linear facial massage. Then one should do the complex of strengthening exercises for the neck and face. At the same time, one should concentrate patient's attention upon coming feelings in jugular and facial areas. Complex of strengthening exercises for the face and the neck should be performed every day. The present innovation enables to maintain daily tonicity of facial myofascial layer well.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 cl, 4 ex

FIELD: medicine, thoracic surgery, anesthesiology.

SUBSTANCE: as non-narcotic medicinal preparation one should apply heparin to be introduced intratracheally at the dosage of 300-500 IU/kg, moreover, heparin should be introduced during the first 30 min after the operation is over. The present innovation enables to create prolonged anesthetizing effect in combination with prophylaxis of postoperational thrombohemorrhagic complications due to heparin capacity to be kept in the body due to its accumulation by mast cells at blockade of their fermentative activity followed by its gradual release into the blood.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 cl, 1 ex, 3 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves doing complex of physical training exercises on the background of medical rehabilitation treatment. First, dominant hemisphere is determined. Next, exercises are done expanding in turn over higher and higher levels of the nervous system beginning from homolateral movements of extremities. Then, heterolateral movements are done with extremities: first, without crossing median line of the body and then with shoulder girdle rotation to one side and pelvic girdle to the opposite side ending in movements crossing the median line. Then, the heterolateral movements are combined with eye movements and functional loads upon the hemispheres. Infinity sign drawing is carried out in the air with the right hand, left hand and with both hands, following the imaginary drawings with eyes and transferring center of gravity from one leg to the other one. Then, symmetrical figures are drawn simultaneously using both hands. Then, autotraining exercises are done consisting in creating and fixing in memory image of both working hemispheres.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of influence exerted to both hemispheres in activating interhemispheric links and restoring injured cortical functions.

8 dwg, 2 tbl

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