Solar-vacuum electric power station

FIELD: the invention refers to small power engineering using renewable energy sources- Sun, wind, lifting of warm air upwards, difference of atmospheric pressure throughout the height.

SUBSTANCE: The electric power station has an accumulator of solar power and a tower which is equipped with aerodynamic facilities for transformation of solar and wind energy in electric power.

EFFECT: creation, building and exploitation of solar-vacuum electric power station in small towns and inhabited localities instead of diesel power stations and boiler rooms on solid fuel, transfer from hot-water heating to electric heating on a moderate price for inhabitants and local production allows to brighten economy of these settlements.

1 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: development of power plants using solar energy.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method depends on conversion and storage of solar energy including generation of heat energy used to set air in rotary motion within solar collector wherein air ducts are organized, disposed in parallel, and connected in series with motion of energy-saturated air flow. Each of such ducts accommodates group of local tilted surfaces whereon sun rays are incident through light-translucent heat-insulating material, and controlled heat fluxes of process working medium conveyed from solar energy converters and accumulators of various types and potential levels are at the same time supplied to these ducts. In the process temperature irregularities occur within solar collector and its air ducts with the result that steady revolving air flows are set up both along air ducts and in their sectional areas, as well as in surface areas encouraging turbulent vortex motions.

EFFECT: enhanced power generation ensured by proposed method.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: solar wind power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heater comprises electric generator with wind wheel, tail beam of rectangular cross-section, shaft, and tail assembly which is composed of two or more rhomboid panels provided with photoelectrical transducers from their sides. The ring water accumulator is mounted in the bottom section of the shaft and connected with the photoelectrical transducers. The rectangular water accumulator is connected with the electric generator. The cells filled with a heat accumulating agent are connected with the electric heaters mounted inside the accumulators. The temperature of phase transition of the agent should be within the range of operation temperatures of the accumulators.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: solar power plant comprises concentrator, receiver of solar radiation, and accumulator. The concentrator is made of a transparent sphere filled with a transparent liquid for concentrating the light beam at the receiver of solar beams. The heat accumulator is provided with a coil.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability, simplified structure, and reduced cost.

1 dwg

FIELD: solar power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: solar power plant includes solar battery having at least two solar heat collector mutually joined through branch pipe. Said collectors are provided with individual heat pickups and individual pipelines for discharging hot water out of them through connection branch pipes. Shut-off devices are mounted in zones of crossing of branch pipes and pipelines. Pipeline for supplying water from accumulating tank to solar battery includes water pump; accumulating tank includes two heat exchangers of different volumes. Heat exchanger of large volume is designed for water used for heating; heat exchanger of small volume is designed for water used for domestic purposes. Solar heat collector includes transparent panel; heat absorbing panel in the form of set of parallel metallic tubes for liquid heat transfer agent connected with lower surface of metallic radiant-energy absorbing sheet; heat insulation layer and supporting heat insulation panel. Parallel metallic tubes of heat absorbing panel are pressed-in to metallic radiant energy absorbing sheet, they are arranged along short sides of said sheet and mutually connected by means of tubes arranged along long sides of sheet. Supporting heat insulation panel, heat insulation layer, heat absorbing and transparent panels are fluid-tightly connected one to other for forming rigid structure construction, for example with use of bolts. On upper and lower surface of said construction along its perimeter metallic or polymeric shapes are mounted.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of using solar energy.

17 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: plant has a circuit for circulation of working fluid. The circuit comprises steam generator provided with branch pipes for supplying fluid and discharging steam, steam turbine combined with the electric generator, regenerative heater with branch pipes for supply and discharge of heating and heated fluids, circulation pump for pumping fluid, circuit for circulation of heat carrier tank for exhaust heat carrier, and circulation pump for heat-transfer agent. The solar receiver is made of independent sections interconnected in parallel. The heat carrier circulation circuit is provided with pressure vessel.

EFFECT: enhanced serviceability and simplified design.

5 cl, 1 dwg

The invention relates to building solar technology and is intended for use in the construction of buildings and structures with heating due to solar radiation

The invention relates to a method for converting solar energy captured by photosynthesis, into electrical energy

Pump // 2237825
The invention relates to vodopodyomnaya, in which the compression and rarefaction are created as a result of evaporation or condensation under the influence of temperature or solar energy

The invention relates to the field of creation of lighting systems using solar light and can be used to save energy by saving energy with additional lighting, mostly residential, in the daytime from sunrise to sunset

Bio // 2234644
The invention relates to the field of energy and agriculture and can be used in the production of the energy carrier hydrogen and the production of livestock feed

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: plant has a circuit for circulation of working fluid. The circuit comprises steam generator provided with branch pipes for supplying fluid and discharging steam, steam turbine combined with the electric generator, regenerative heater with branch pipes for supply and discharge of heating and heated fluids, circulation pump for pumping fluid, circuit for circulation of heat carrier tank for exhaust heat carrier, and circulation pump for heat-transfer agent. The solar receiver is made of independent sections interconnected in parallel. The heat carrier circulation circuit is provided with pressure vessel.

EFFECT: enhanced serviceability and simplified design.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: solar power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: solar power plant includes solar battery having at least two solar heat collector mutually joined through branch pipe. Said collectors are provided with individual heat pickups and individual pipelines for discharging hot water out of them through connection branch pipes. Shut-off devices are mounted in zones of crossing of branch pipes and pipelines. Pipeline for supplying water from accumulating tank to solar battery includes water pump; accumulating tank includes two heat exchangers of different volumes. Heat exchanger of large volume is designed for water used for heating; heat exchanger of small volume is designed for water used for domestic purposes. Solar heat collector includes transparent panel; heat absorbing panel in the form of set of parallel metallic tubes for liquid heat transfer agent connected with lower surface of metallic radiant-energy absorbing sheet; heat insulation layer and supporting heat insulation panel. Parallel metallic tubes of heat absorbing panel are pressed-in to metallic radiant energy absorbing sheet, they are arranged along short sides of said sheet and mutually connected by means of tubes arranged along long sides of sheet. Supporting heat insulation panel, heat insulation layer, heat absorbing and transparent panels are fluid-tightly connected one to other for forming rigid structure construction, for example with use of bolts. On upper and lower surface of said construction along its perimeter metallic or polymeric shapes are mounted.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of using solar energy.

17 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: solar power plant comprises concentrator, receiver of solar radiation, and accumulator. The concentrator is made of a transparent sphere filled with a transparent liquid for concentrating the light beam at the receiver of solar beams. The heat accumulator is provided with a coil.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability, simplified structure, and reduced cost.

1 dwg

FIELD: solar wind power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heater comprises electric generator with wind wheel, tail beam of rectangular cross-section, shaft, and tail assembly which is composed of two or more rhomboid panels provided with photoelectrical transducers from their sides. The ring water accumulator is mounted in the bottom section of the shaft and connected with the photoelectrical transducers. The rectangular water accumulator is connected with the electric generator. The cells filled with a heat accumulating agent are connected with the electric heaters mounted inside the accumulators. The temperature of phase transition of the agent should be within the range of operation temperatures of the accumulators.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: development of power plants using solar energy.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method depends on conversion and storage of solar energy including generation of heat energy used to set air in rotary motion within solar collector wherein air ducts are organized, disposed in parallel, and connected in series with motion of energy-saturated air flow. Each of such ducts accommodates group of local tilted surfaces whereon sun rays are incident through light-translucent heat-insulating material, and controlled heat fluxes of process working medium conveyed from solar energy converters and accumulators of various types and potential levels are at the same time supplied to these ducts. In the process temperature irregularities occur within solar collector and its air ducts with the result that steady revolving air flows are set up both along air ducts and in their sectional areas, as well as in surface areas encouraging turbulent vortex motions.

EFFECT: enhanced power generation ensured by proposed method.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: the invention refers to small power engineering using renewable energy sources- Sun, wind, lifting of warm air upwards, difference of atmospheric pressure throughout the height.

SUBSTANCE: The electric power station has an accumulator of solar power and a tower which is equipped with aerodynamic facilities for transformation of solar and wind energy in electric power.

EFFECT: creation, building and exploitation of solar-vacuum electric power station in small towns and inhabited localities instead of diesel power stations and boiler rooms on solid fuel, transfer from hot-water heating to electric heating on a moderate price for inhabitants and local production allows to brighten economy of these settlements.

1 dwg

FIELD: solar power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method is used for transforming sunbeam energy to thermal energy. Method is performed by means of sequent connection of solar beam concentrators. One of concentrators is composed of a field of local concentrators, which are built in heat-insulating lightproof material. The material embraces internal room of sunbeam-absorbing chamber. Built-in concentrators and sunbeam conductors have to be basically hollow truncated pyramids which have faces covered with beam-reflecting material. Bases of pyramids are closed by transparent heat-insulating material The second sunbeam concentrator has to be external one. Those concentrators preliminary have shape of truncated pyramid with faces covered with light-reflecting material. The third level of solar-beam pumping of sunbeam-absorbing chamber is created additionally due to creation of total filed of external sunbeam-reflecting surfaces in environment at different distances from sunbeam-absorbing chamber.

EFFECT: reduced cost of multistep pumping of solar power to sunbeam-absorbing chamber.

26 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: power engineering and agriculture, applicable in production of a universal power carrier-hydrogen.

SUBSTANCE: the solar energy concentrator in the sea-based bioenergetic complex is made in the form of a pontoon frame with a heat-insulating membrane located inside it and supported by flexible pontoons, a lengthened reactor with biomass spores is installed on the membrane and heat-exchange pipes of thermocompressors positioned on the pontoons of the pontoon frame, also installed in which are saturators, biomass and water separators, methane-producing generators, nuclear reactors for heating of steam delivered to the converters from the thermocompressors to high temperatures, and a tank for storage of gases and water, and the outer side of the pontoon frame is additionally provided with coiled reactors with biomass spores supported by the flexible pontoons.

EFFECT: provided salvaging of carbon dioxide and production of hydrogen.

4 dwg

FIELD: heat-storage materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mixtures capable of accumulating heat energy and relevant solar energy transformers. Heat-storage material according to invention contains silicon dioxide, 3-5% of liquid soda glass, and 50-82% of VO2+x wherein x=0-0.5. Material is prepared by compacting mixture of vanadium dioxide VO2+x and silica in presence of liquid soda glass as binder followed by solidification at 150-200°C. Summary heat when using combined transformer including phase transformation heat (α-VO2 ↔ β-VO2) and oxygen adsorption-desorption heat of mechano-chemically treated VO2+x may reach 250 J/g.

EFFECT: increased heat-storage capacity.

8 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: production or use of heat, particularly equipment, which uses solar and wind energy to obtain hot water in south territories.

SUBSTANCE: heating plant comprises body, vessel with floating heating member arranged in the vessel, inlet and outlet connection pipes. The heating member is made as disc and provided with hollow ring connected to disc perimeter. The hollow ring is filled with heat-accumulation substance. The disc is fastened to inner vessel surface by means of elastic corrugated film. Piezoelectric films are connected to upper body part and to sides thereof by means of metal frames. Coiled electric heating member is installed at inlet connection pipe top. The electric heating member is connected with piezoelectric film clips. Electric heating member is located in lower vessel part and is electrically linked to power board by wires.

EFFECT: increased current supply surface and increased solar radiation receiving surface.

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