Disk brake

FIELD: transport mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: disk brake comprises braking disk, active and reactive braking blocks, support, and mechanism for releasing braking blocks. The mechanism is the cam-roller type. The drive of the reactive block is made of a floating frame composed of active and reactive beams interconnected through the ties.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the transport industry, in particular to the braking devices of vehicles.

Known disc brake, contains the brake disc, interacting with its working surfaces of the brake pads, bracket with a pre-installed floating bracket, covering the area of the brake disc, and guide means made in the form of fingers (A.S. USSR № 622421, CL F 16 D 55/224, publ. 1978).

The disadvantage is uneven wear of the jet brake pads due to nonsynchronous compress the brake pads to the brake disk.

Also known disc brake, contains the caliper, brake disc, brake pads, movable in the axial direction of the bracket covering the side surface of the brake disc, the actuator pad is wedge mechanism (A.S. USSR № 1234685, CL F 16 D 55/00, publ. 1985).

The disadvantage is the low gear ratio, uneven wear of the jet brake pads due to nonsynchronous pressing them to the brake disk and the inability to use, with hydraulic drive.

The objective of the invention is to achieve synchrony compress the brake pads to the brake disc, which provides a more uniform wear of the brake pads.

This object is achieved in that the disc brake, contains a brake on the IC, brake active and reactive pads, caliper, Rethimno brake pads, according to the invention Rethimno the mechanism is made of a Cam-roller, and the drive jet pads made in the form of a floating frame, consisting of active and reactive beams connected by rods.

Figure 1 shows the disc brake with pneumatic actuator, the incision; figure 2 presents the kinematic scheme of the disk brake; figure 3 - section a-a in figure 1.

Disc brake consists of a caliper 1 defined therein active and reactive brake pads 2 and 3, which interacts with the brake disc 4. In the caliper 1 is Rethimno mechanism of the brake pads 2 and 3 consisting of the axis 5, which is equipped with the Cams 6 with rollers 7, the Cams 6 through rollers 7 interact with the pistons 8 and 9, which are installed in the caliper 1. On the axis 5 is fixed to the lever 10 connected to pnevmoskleros 11. The drive jet pads 3 made in the form of a floating frame, consisting of active beams 12 and reactive beams 13, connected by rods 14.

Disc brake operates as follows.

When compressed air in pnevmochamber 11 its rod transmits the force to the lever 10, which is connected with the axis 5 of the drive mechanism of the brake pads, that is, the rotation axis 5. By turning the shaft 5 fixed thereto Cams 6 with rollers 7 affect the Porsche and 8 and 9. The piston 9 through the active beam 12, rod 14 and reactive beam 13 transmits the force to the brake reactive pad 3, which is under the force pressed against the brake disk 4. The piston 8 transmits the force directly on the active brake Shoe 2 and presses it to the surface of the brake disk 4.

Disc brake, contains brake disc, brake active and reactive pads, caliper, Rethimno brake pads, characterized in that Rethimno the mechanism is made of a Cam-roller, and the drive jet pads made in the form of a floating frame, consisting of active and reactive beams connected by rods.



 

Same patents:

The invention relates to a disc brake device for a vehicle

Disc brake // 2087769
The invention relates to transport machinery, namely to the brake mechanisms from moving in the axial direction of the pads pressed against the rotating disk

Disk brake // 2265144

FIELD: transport mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: disk brake comprises braking disk, active and reactive braking blocks, support, and mechanism for releasing braking blocks. The mechanism is the cam-roller type. The drive of the reactive block is made of a floating frame composed of active and reactive beams interconnected through the ties.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability.

3 dwg

Brake mechanism // 2292497

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: brake mechanism comprises two pivotally interconnected levers and two opposite brake blocks secured to the levers for permitting periodical interaction with the rotating disk. The brake mechanism is provided with air-operated cylinder mounted at one of the ends of the lever so that its housing is secured to one of the levers and the rod is secured to the other lever. The brake blocks are mounted at the second end of the levers whose pivot joint is interposed between brake blocks and air-operated cylinder. One of the brake blocks is made of a current-carrying bus spring-loaded with respect to the lever for permitting connection with a power source. The levers are spring-loaded one with respect to the other by means of an extension springs interposed between the pivot joint of levers and air-operated cylinder. The rotating disk is made of two members whose bases are rigidly interconnected. One of the members is mounted for permitting contact with the current-carrying bus, is made of a conducting material, and is provided with a member for releasing voltage .

EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.

2 dwg

Modular disk brake // 2298712

FIELD: mechanical engineering, namely, disk brakes, having floating or sliding support.

SUBSTANCE: disk brake contains body for positioning braking mechanism on it and support, detachably connected to body. Disk brake is formed of various modules. Body acts as supporting means for fastening other modules. One of modules is formed by support together with at least three guiding fingers. Lid of braking mechanism is strongly connected to body. Seal is positioned and compressed during assembly between lid and body.

EFFECT: increased technical characteristics of disk brake.

18 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: drive mechanism of disk brake of vehicle includes bracket consisting of case and cover, brake drive shaft and screw gear installed in bracket, and also lever mounted on external side of bracket on brake drive shaft. A mechanism of automatic control of the brake including a driving link is installed inside the lever. The driving link of automatic control of the brake is arranged coaxially to the brake drive shaft and is kinematically coupled with the bracket. A movable in circumferential direction packing is positioned between the bracket and a controller of the drive lever so, that internal cavities of the bracket and the lever form a common cavity sealed from the side opposite to the bracket.

EFFECT: simplification of design, raised maintainability and service life of mechanism of vehicle dick brake drive.

1 dwg

Vehicle clamp brake // 2429393

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: brake clamp comprises first braking lever arranged opposite vehicle wheel first friction surface and second braking lever arranged opposite second friction surface. Moving brake shoe is mounted on first braking lever to apply brake force to first friction surface. Brake clamp houses pistons to move moving brake shoe in response to membrane extension and guide frame to guide pistons in direction perpendicular to first friction surface. Moving brake shoe applies uniform brake force to vehicle wheel together with brake shoe secured to second braking lever.

EFFECT: uniform pressure on revolving wheel surface.

13 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed disk brake block comprises two flanges with appropriate friction linings to allow friction against disk. Said flanges are articulated on ends of two levers driven by brake force source that comprises first piston displacing along first axis A. Brake block comprises also assembly to automatically control the gap between friction linings and said disk. First piston transmits braking force to pusher arranged inside aforesaid source to increase and transmit said force via said assembly and, along second axis B perpendicular to said first axis A, to ends of said levers perpendicular to those where said flanges are articulated with.

EFFECT: higher operating performances.

12 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises body, brake support, brake support levers, system of bearings and axial bearing. Levers are arranged on body outer surfaces directed in opposite directions to support eccentric shaft. Every lever may be driven by eccentric shaft crank. System of bearings is arranged between body and brake support lever. Eccentric shaft crank arranged at shaft end to extend from said body to rotate therein. Revolving eccentric shaft makes crack moving eccentrically relative to body to drive brake support lever. Axial bearing transfers axial forces from brake support lever to body. Axial bearing is located in zone of crank, between brake support lever and body, or part secured thereon. Axial force flow is directed from brake support lever directly to axial bearing and, therefrom, to body, or part secured thereon.

EFFECT: decreased friction.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rolling stock brake systems. Disc brake comprises friction unit. Friction unit is composed of radial double-row thrust bearing with medium ring making the brake disc rigidly fitted on mounted axle while two thrust rings make linings. Said linings are pressed to medium ring by levers coupled with brake cylinder. Outer surface of medium ring and inner surfaces of thrust rings have taper grooves to accommodate the balls.

EFFECT: reduced thermal load and wear of disc brake friction pair.

4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to combine brake cylinders. Combined brake cylinder comprises cylinder of working braking mechanism, an active working brake, driven by working fluid displaced by piston and braking mechanism cylinder with spring energy accumulator, a passive parking brake. Piston of aforesaid braking mechanism cylinder with spring energy accumulator and rod of cylinder of working braking mechanism piston are aligned. In case piston stroke in aforesaid braking mechanism cylinder with spring energy accumulator increases power transfer ratio increases as well. Rail mounted vehicle disc type braking mechanism support unit incorporates said combined braking cylinder.

EFFECT: compact design, maximised force of braking.

25 cl, 15 dwg

Clamp brake // 2492373

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: clamp brake is mounted at vehicle comprising body and wheel with brake surface to braking force to be applied to said wheel. Clamp brake comprises brake shoe, brake shoe holder, main clamping body, two support pins and drive. Support pins hold said holder at main clamp body to allow its displacement toward brake surface and therefrom. Drive allows pressing brake shoe to wheel brake surface by aforesaid holder. Said drive comprises diaphragm, drive pressure chamber, piston and connected gear. The latter comprises screws and screw bores made in said piston to receive screws to be screwed in through holder to attach the piston thereto.

EFFECT: efficient conversion of fluid pressure into brake shoe pressing force, stable braking force.

10 cl, 5 dwg

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