Aircraft electronic display complex

FIELD: manufacture of aircraft instruments; display of flying vehicle and onboard equipment parameters.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex includes two control onboard digital computers, port, central and starboard multi-functional color displays, collimator display on windshield and multi-functional control panel combined by multiplex information exchange channel, local all-round information exchange channel, first and second local radial information exchange channels, thus forming integral information system. Connected to this information system are system of mode parameter sensors, power supply system, generator subsystem and storage battery. Both onboard digital computers are connected by means of inter-computer information exchange channels. Proposed complex is also provided with TV image switching unit connected with multi-functional color displays for transmission of TV image.

EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability and survivability of complex.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of aviation instrument and is intended for use when performing display of status parameters of the aircraft and aircraft equipment.

Known aircraft integrated electronic display containing multifunctional color displays (MPCI), collimating the light on the windshield (KAI) and multi-function remote control (mppw), United multiplex and backup radial channels of communication with the management computer connected to the sensors operating parameters (RU 20592 U1, G 06 F 17/40, 10.11.2001).

The disadvantages of the known system are defined by a low security piloting caused by the use of only two multi-function indicators, which do not provide the pilot in full flight and navigation information when the failure of one of them.

Closest to the proposed aviation is a complex electronic display containing three MPCI, KAI, mppu, United multiplex and backup radial channel of communication with the management computer connected to the sensor system operating parameters, generator power supply system and battery, while MFTI are fully interchangeable and are made with the possibility of what especiany pilot in full flight and navigation information when the failure of one of them and a minimal amount of navigation information, necessary for the safe piloting, with the failure of two of them, and two MPCI, mppu and the management computer are connected in a circuit with the battery and rectifier devices alternators main or auxiliary power units (RU 2219108 C1, 64 D 45/00, 20.12.2003).

However, in this complex is not provided with the duplication of the computer, the possibility of direct transmission of the signal in the radial local communication channel, the transmission of a television signal, and there is no possibility to use both wired and fiber radial, and therefore it does not guarantee safe piloting.

The objective of the invention is to improve such a complex technical result, which is expressed in increased operational reliability and survivability.

The problem is solved in that the aviation complex electronic display containing the first control computer, left, center and right multi-function color displays collimating the light on the windshield and multifunction remote control, United multiplex channel of information exchange, the local circular channel of information exchange and the first local radial channel of information exchange backup in a single integrated system is one, connected to the sensor system operating parameters, generator power supply system and battery, - further comprises a second management computer, entered into a single integrated information system multiplex channel of information exchange, the local circular channel of information exchange and the second local radial channel of information exchange backup and associated with the first control computer, machine-to-machine channels of information exchange, as well as the switching unit of the television image, coupled with multi-colored indicators feed them television image.

The task is also promoted by the private significant features of the invention.

In particular, the left MPCI used as a navigation indicator and carries information sufficient to perform any aerobatic maneuver, as well as for the implementation of navigation on the selected navigation point, the Central MPCI used as flight planning indicator and carries information about the position of the aircraft relative to a given track in a horizontal plane during takeoff, EN-route flight, and landing, and the right of MPCI used as an indicator of condition monitoring of aircraft systems and carries information about to whom nfiguration plane, the operation of all systems and components.

The drawing shows a functional diagram of the proposed aviation complex electronic display of the aircraft.

Marked aviation complex electronic display 1, the first management computer 2, a multiplex channel of information exchange (mkio) 3, local circular channel of information exchange (LCIA) 4, left, center and right of MPCI 5, 6, 7, KAI 8, mfpu 9, the power supply system 10 to the generator main power unit (SU) 11, generator auxiliary power unit (APU) 12, battery 13, the sensor system operating parameters 14, the second management computer, 15, machine-to-machine channels of information exchange 16, the first (left) and second (right) local radial channels of information exchange backup 17, 18, block commutation television signals (BKT) 19.

Indicative providing navigation modes, control of aircraft equipment and combat application is implemented using three MPCI 5-7, KAI 8, mfpu 9, which are combined into a single integral system information with the control computer 2, 15 multiplex 3 and LAN 4, 17, 18 channels of information exchange, which allows not only to show the increasing amount of information from different tools on a limited area of the dashboard, but primitivity conditions for the perception of the quantitative instrument and natural outside information, to increase its visibility. Link MPCI 5-7, KAI 8, mfpu 9 with the control computer 2 and 15 also made a backup of the radial channels of information exchange 17, 18.

In order to increase the survivability of MPCI 5-7 and control computer 2, 15 is connected to the power supply system 10 according to the first category, with the help of the alternator 11 main or auxiliary 12 power plants and batteries 13.

The principle of interchangeability of indicators allows for the failure of one of MPCI 5-7 to provide virtually complete information to perform navigation and combat tasks, and in case of failure of two of MPCI 5-7 developed a special information frame "Emergency", which is the issue of minimum navigation information in one not the failed MPCI necessary for the safe piloting.

The logic of the distribution indicative information on the screens MPCI 5-7 and KAI 8 based on the number of provisions.

The navigation mode includes:

- takeoff;

- EN-route flight;

- "move" and "attack";

return to the landing airfield;

- landing;

- re-landing.

The mode of combat application includes:

- hover;

attack;

output from attack.

Information on the indicators (with 4 flat version of the cab - 3 MPCI + KAI) is distributed following the way.

On KAI 8 is the basic information aerobatic and combat application position of the aircraft in space, data on height, speed, direction of flight, the data about the goal, the affected area and guidance on the use of weapons. Also, you may get warnings about dangerous flight conditions and failures on the Board.

Left MPCI 5 represents flight and navigation information sufficient to perform tasks in adverse weather conditions (clouds over the sea, out of sight of the horizon, at night etc).

Average MPCI 6 represents a tactical environment, the navigation data or map image.

Right, MPCI 7 provides the pilot with information about the operation of aircraft systems, engines, equipment, issues recommendations for action in special cases, when an erroneous action of the pilot on flight stage in the framework of the expert system and information from the television-optical weapons.

In case of failure of any of MPCI 5-7 information from the failed indicator can be installed on any other MPCI.

Multi-function remote control, mfpu 9 can be located in two booths aircraft: 1 cabin - KAI, in the 2nd cabin on the dashboard, and is designed to perform the following functions:

- control complex (together with MPCI);

- upravleniyami work complex and mating with complex systems (switches modes, complex, rapid change of the parameters of the flight task, using ISPS as remote control systems and systems that interact with the complex);

- display and edit the individual parameters of the flight task.

The operation modes of the complex is carried out using the master page control, the mode control systems - using pages management systems.

Helmet-mounted target designation system HMS-T is designed for:

- determine and output in the computer, in the coordinate system of the object angular coordinates ϕythat ϕzthe line of sight of the observed target (BREAM), followed by rotation of the head of the operator;

- formation in the field of vision of the right eye of the operator collimated image and signal sighting marks (PM, CM).

On Board the aircraft set TV system objective control training-fighting T-JUICE-BU represents a set of devices to monitor, record and display MPCI video taken by television cameras during the flight, as well as for the detection of sound crew talks between themselves and with the control point.

System T-JUICE-UB is designed to provide:

- surveillance of the air space in the front hemisphere in the direction of travel of the volume of the same;

- surveillance results of combat use HSA funds;

check the video from 4 cameras and 3-x MPTI on easily removable SSD;

check the sound crew talks;

- issuing BCCO video signals from a television camera to display the image on MPCI.

Television information (TV) goes to KAI 8 from the color video camera with TV-optical systems lesion and through the switching unit television signals BKT 19 can be quickly displayed on MPCI 5-7.

On Board is installed VCRs, recordable indication with KAI 8 with behind-cabin space and the radio, and if necessary information with KAI 8 can be rewritten at any MPCI 5-7.

The main objective KAI 8 - issuance of sighting information to the pilot on the background of the flight. Information "flexible" - varies by flight stage. Phases: takeoff, enroute flight, combat use, the landing approach. The basis of in-flight information is the velocity vector, receiving data describing the movement of aircraft from the inertial system, and in its rejection of the sensors of angles of attack and slip.

When performing the aiming is indicated sighting mark, showing the impact location of the munition, the affected area. When working on air targets, if data is available for the purpose indicated by the label of target, coinciding with the real goal and when the goal out of sight KAI 8 signal direction at the target. When landing at KAI 8 is formed of the synthesized pseudo runway that match the location and angular size with really visible.

When the execution mode is "Off" on the format are displayed in the following characters:

the path of the aircraft;

- scale roll (fixed);

scale pitch (mobile);

scale rate;

- digital counter current height;

digital meter dash speed;

the pointer mode is the inscription "VSL" (off).

When you run mode "Route" on the format are displayed in the following characters:

the path of the aircraft;

- scale roll (fixed);

scale pitch (mobile);

scale rate;

the pointer control mode: "DIR" - Director, "AWT" - automatic;

is the velocity vector, receiving data describing the movement of aircraft from the inertial system;

the symbol "danger zone" - appears on the screen for 4-5 seconds until the height from which you want to start a maneuver to move from a dangerous height;

the symbol "RE" (turning away from the earth) is displayed for 2 seconds before going on a dangerous height and removed when entering the safe conditions of flight;

- digital counter height in metres;

digital meter dash speed in km/h;

- mode of dvizhenia vertical channel: "HIGH" - stabilization height, "PG" - cast to the horizon, STB - stabilization corners, "PULL" mode of withdrawal from the earth;

digital meter distance to a navigation point.

In the "RETURN" (the return to the landing airfield) on KAI 8 is formed in the frame identical to the frame mode "ROUTE" with the following difference: instead of specifying mode "ROUTE" generated text "TOD" (return).

In the "Landing" on the format are displayed in the following characters:

the path of the aircraft;

- scale roll (fixed);

scale pitch (mobile);

scale rate;

- digital counter current height;

digital meter dash speed;

- set course - heading of the runway;

- flight mode - "the VILLAGE" (landing);

the pointer control mode: "DIR" - Director, "AWT" - automatic;

is the velocity vector, receiving data describing the movement of aircraft from the inertial system;

- synthesized "pseudo" runway that match the location and angular size with really visible;

- distance to the end of the runway;

the symbol indicating the deviation from the course and glide path beacon.

Mamacat KAI 8 mode "RE-ENTRY" corresponds to mamonaku mode "ROUTE" with the following differences:

displays the index mode - "PZ" (re-entry);

is the course to steer is formed in accordance with the trajectory of p is repeated entry.

Mamacat KAI 8 corresponds to mamonaku "route" with the characters "danger zone", "the turning away from the earth, and you receive a text character "SLIP".

The nomenclature of navigation memoratov and memoratov condition monitoring of aircraft systems on the indicators MPCI 5-7 the same and includes the following mamokete:

combined navigation information: ICP+SPE;

- navigation planning information: "OVERVIEW", "ROUTE", "ITO", "LANDING";

- monitoring the status of aircraft systems: the format is "STANDARD (basic)", "ENGINE", "GIDROPRIBOR", "FUEL", "DLC", "CDS", "SES", "PREPARATION".

The choice of Mamacita is carried out by the pilot using the multifunction buttons in the frame of MPCI 5-7. Menu is present on all memokath, in the upper part of the screen right MPCI 7.

Modes of ground training and supervision is provided by staff in the various text menu and submenu, followed by text instructions, guided by our flight or technical staff conducts a review of the status of the onboard equipment, units, aircraft and power plants.

Left MPCI 5 is used as a navigation indicator and carries information sufficient to perform any aerobatic maneuver, as well as for the implementation of navigation on the selected navigation point.

On the frame in the format of flight and navigation information is displayed position of the aircraft relative to the horizontal plane. Displayed horizontal and vertical speed, load, angle of attack, velocity, and barometric radiopacity specified and dangerous altitude, heading scale, specified and current courses, distance and angular deviation relative to the current point, which is flying, deviation from course and glide path beacon ("LANDING"). Additionally displayed barometric pressure, time and fuel.

Central MPCI 6 is used as a pilot-planned indicator and carries information about the position of the aircraft relative to a given track in a horizontal plane during takeoff, EN-route flight, and landing (a planned painting of the flight or digital map of the area).

Tactical situation includes data on the enemy front line, the location of air defense, the firing of missiles, targets, if interaircraft connection position of their aircraft, tanker for refueling, etc. Symbols are removed from the display if necessary using the buttons on the frame of the indicator, to generate a desired in a particular case character set. Tactical readout reflects the characteristics of all air targets, nahodyashihsya accompanied (in review) locator and passed through interaction with earth or plane. On KAI 8, MPCI 5-7 are formed recommendations for the implementation of the attack, the optimal trajectory for output on a given target.

Right, MPCI 7 is used as an indicator of condition monitoring of aircraft systems and carries information about the configuration of the aircraft, the operation of all systems and components. The main view of mnemonic information. Depth control is sufficient for analysis and decision-making about the operation of systems such as flight and technical staff without additional connections remotes control. If necessary information is output from the television-optical weapons.

When running in integrated mode display aircraft systems "KISS" on the screen shows the generalized mnemonic information about the status of aircraft systems format ("MODEL"). In the right peripheral zone is displayed "ENGINE", "TOPL", "HYDRA", "SES", "Xu", "DLC", located to the left of the buttons of the framing indicator. When pressing the corresponding button generalized mnemonic information is captured and displayed:

- when you click "RUN" - information about the condition of the engines and the APU;

- when you click "TOPL" - information about the condition of the fuel system;

- when you click "HYDRA" - state information systems;

- when you click "SES" - information about the state of the system-sleep is the position;

- when you click "SIC" - information about the state of the integrated management system;

- when you click "DLC" - information about the state of the oxygen system and air conditioning.

When pressing the buttons corresponding inscription is surrounded by a rectangular frame.

When you click "KISS" generalized mnemonic information about the status of aircraft systems format ("MODEL") is restored.

In the upper part of the screen on the Central (navigation) 6 and right (airborne systems) 7 MPCI stands out of the working field size of two text strings to display messages from BASK. In the upper right part of the screen to the left (pilot) MPCI 5 allocated char for yellow CSO designed to attract the attention of the pilot when the warning information on the working area BASK.

To ensure control of technical condition of aircraft systems, equipment, components and power plant in preparation for departure and during operations at the operational and periodic maintenance BASK has a GROUND CONTROL information format with the following options:

CONTROL TRAINING TO START the APU in the sub-view provides control of technical condition of aircraft equipment, depends on safe the start of the APU, as well as monitoring the implementation of prescriptive messages displayed on the screen MPCI that you must perform when preparing to start the APU;

- PREFLIGHT CONTROL provides

1. Integrated control of the current technical condition of the aircraft systems, equipment and assemblies for aircraft and power plant.

2. Monitoring the implementation of prescriptive messages displayed on the screen MPCI, the implementation of which enables to assess the status of onboard systems and equipment.

3. The formation of the integral message: allow to start the engine, allow to taxiing, allow for takeoff.

- POST CONTROL is designed for:

1. Control of the current technical status of onboard systems, equipment, assemblies of aircraft and power plant after the flight.

2. Analysis of the information registered on the on-Board hard drives in flight.

- AUTONOMOUS CONTROL is intended for individual current and advanced control of technical condition of aircraft equipment, units, aircraft and power plants.

Mode flight control is automatically activated after receiving BASK characteristic of the flight.

Thus, the proposed integrated electronic display has a wide functionality and at the same time h is Xia increased reliability in operation.

1. Aviation complex electronic display containing the first control computer, left, center and right multi-function color displays collimating the light on the windshield and multifunction remote control, United multiplex channel of information exchange, the local circular channel of information exchange and the first local radial channel of information exchange backup in a single integrated information system connected to the sensor system operating parameters, generator power supply system and battery, characterized in that it further comprises a second management computer, entered into a single integrated information system multiplex channel of information exchange, the local circular channel of information exchange and the second local radial channel information exchange backup and associated with the first control computer, machine-to-machine channels of information exchange, as well as the switching unit of the television image, coupled with multi-colored indicators feed them television image.

2. Aviation complex electronic display according to claim 1, characterized in that the left multifunction color indicator is used as a pilot-Naviga the ion indicator and carries information, sufficient to perform any aerobatic maneuver, as well as for the implementation of navigation on the selected navigation point, the Central multifunction color indicator is used as a pilot-planned indicator and carries information about the position of the aircraft relative to a given track in a horizontal plane during takeoff, EN-route flight, and landing, and the right multifunction color indicator is used as an indicator of condition monitoring of aircraft systems and carries information about the configuration of the aircraft, the operation of all systems and components.



 

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