Vehicle with reproducible electric energy

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to foot drive of electric transmission. Proposed small-size vehicle for individual use has base 1 with two driving wheels 3 connected through belts 29 of variable-speed drive with two electric motors 27 supplied by battery 8 and/or generators 11 with possibility of recuperation. Base 1 is hinge-connected with one- or two-axle bogie 4 with two generators 11. Generator armatures are rotated by pedals 14 provided with spiral rods 17 with pull-back springs 17 or equipped with levers and gears for rotating the armature.

EFFECT: increased distance covered without charging.

12 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to small individual vehicles with electric drive for driving in urban areas with heavy traffic of pedestrians and vehicles, as well as for off-road and snow and as a sports electrocat simulator.

The dependence of the supply of electricity to modern electric drive vehicles: trolleybuses, trams, electric vehicles and other fixed networks significantly reduces their mobility and technical capabilities. Vehicles powered by rechargeable batteries require recharging these batteries at the hospital over short periods of movement and not found until widespread use.

Known vehicles with electric drive and recovery of electrical energy is disclosed, for example, in the patent RU 2116205 from 1998

Famous bikes with electric transmission disclosed, for example, in the application EN 2001101087 from 2003, This transport small tool for individual use with the reproduction of electrical energy includes a gear for driving the drive wheel. The motor is connected to prevodnik shaft of the gearbox. The DC generator has a mechanism of rotation of its armature from the pedals. Also has a brake.

Known pedal drive with spiral rod and recoil spring for rscr the TCI flywheel, disclosed in the application DE 4234309 from 1994

The proposed construction of a vehicle with a reproducible energy, technology more electricity in stand-alone mode from the two generators with the use of gravitational forces minimizes the need for recharging the battery at the hospital.

Improvements in transport of small personal use by reproduction of electric energy is to apply the Foundation with the axes, which has two leading wheels, while the base is pivotally connected with one - or two-axle truck, there are two electric motor connected to the gearbox for the drive wheels, and two generators that are installed on the trolley, and the mechanisms of rotation of the armatures of the generators contain pedal, equipped with a spiral rods with return springs or provided with levers and gears to rotate the anchor.

The drive wheels can be realized through the reduction gear in the form of a belt. Anchor generators can be equipped with makovicka on their axes to provide a relatively uniform rotation of the armatures of the generators through the establishment of additional moments of inertia and increasing the mechanical energy of rotation of the anchors. DC generators with relay-regulate the AMI provide charging the battery, and there are control devices for charging the battery. The gears for the drive wheels are progressive with the provision of traffic management by means of screw couplings to change the diameter of the split cone pulleys of the variator, and the leading wheels are equipped with pulleys, the drive belts are of trapezoidal cross-section. Motion control can also be provided by rheostats electric motors. In idle state, the base and the trolley can be folded and secured by a lock. The cart includes a frame, front part of which is retractable. The rectifier can provide charging the battery at stops. In difficult road conditions on wheels can be installed removable protectors, and between the wheels - ski with a spring pressure compensator on the snow. The motors can be connected to the capacitor Bank equipped charger with a fork. The motor has the ability inertial operation in generator mode to recharge the capacitor battery, produced by them recovered electricity.

The vehicle unit with reproducible electricity is shown in figure 1-5.

The vehicle consists of a base 1 with 2 axes, two wheels 3, one - or two-axle truck with 4 lock 5, the hinge 6, variator drive leading to the wheels 33, brakes 7, a battery 8, two electric motors 9, connected to the drive shafts 10, two generators 11 DC with the rotation of their anchors 12 makovicka 13 from the pedals 14 and the spiral rod 15 with return springs 17, or from the pedal 14 of the levers 18 and gear 19 (like a spinning top or electric flashlight with lever mechanical drive), relay controllers 20, resistors 21 controls the electric motors 9, the control devices 22 for charging the battery 8, the rectifier 23 for charging the battery 8 from the external circuit, removable protectors 24, skiing 25 with a spring 26, a compensating pressure on the snow. The variator consists of a drive shaft 10, two split cone pulley 27 with variable diameter pulley 28 mounted on the wheels 3, the drive belts 29 trapezoidal cross-section connecting the pulleys 27 and 28, the screw coupling 30 changes the diameters of the pulleys 27. The front part 31 of the cart 4 drawer.

Work vehicle with reproducible electricity: when you turn 21 electric current is supplied to the electric motor 9, through the progressive result in rotation of the driving wheels 3. Motion control of the vehicle is threaded couplers 30, altering the diameters of the pulleys 27 or rheostats control 21, which changes the supply current to the electric motor 9. The generator 11 is settled and a horizontal platform 16 of the truck 4. The driver, while in a standing position, alternating feet, stepping on the pedal 14 with the rod 15 or levers 18. In the pedal 14 under the weight of the driver, i.e. under the influence of gravitational forces, moved down and result in rotation of the armature 12 with makovicka 13 generators 11, produced when an electric current is charging the battery 8, the pedal 14 by the spring 17 returns to its original position. Makovicky 13 provide a relatively uniform rotation of the anchor 12 of the generator 11, create additional force moment of inertia and increase the mechanical energy of rotation of the anchor 12. In idle state, the base 1 and the trolley 4 can be folded and secured by the lock 5. When driving on soft ground, snow on the wheels are removable protectors 24 and 25 ski. Vehicle playing with electricity can a long time to move offline with a minimum expenditure of muscle power of the driver.

1. Transport small tool for individual use by reproduction of electric energy, which has a base with axes, which has two leading wheels, while the base is pivotally connected with one - or two-axle truck, there are two electric motors connected by gears to drive the wheels, and DV of the generator, which are mounted on the trolley, and the mechanisms of rotation of the armatures of the generators contain pedal, equipped with a spiral rods with return springs or provided with levers and gears to rotate the anchor.

2. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the drive wheels via the gearbox in the form of a belt.

3. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the armature of the generator is equipped with makovicka.

4. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the DC with relay-regulators provide charging the battery and at the same time there are control devices for charging the battery.

5. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the gears for the drive wheels are progressive with the provision of traffic management by means of screw couplings to change the diameter of the split cone pulleys of the variator, and the leading wheels are equipped with pulleys, the drive belts are of trapezoidal cross-section.

6. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the motion control is provided by rheostats electric motors.

7. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the operational base and the trolley can be folded and secured by the lock.

8. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that those who of ICA contains the frame, the front part of which is retractable.

9. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that there is a rectifier that provides charging the battery at stops.

10. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that in difficult road conditions on the wheels are removable protectors, and between the wheels - ski with a spring pressure compensator on the snow.

11. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the electric motors are connected capacitor Bank, equipped with a charger with a fork.

12. The vehicle according to claim 11, characterized in that the electric motor has the ability inertial operation in generator mode to recharge the capacitor battery, produced by them recovered electricity.



 

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