Activating structure, substance activation apparatus, and substance activation process

FIELD: substance treatment methods.

SUBSTANCE: particles composed either of a single element selected from group consisting of silicon, titanium, nickel, and samarium or of carbon fluoride are arranged relative to each other such as to enhance wave energy intrinsic to element or carbon fluoride in order to create power field between particles wherein energy is concentrated. Resulting activating structure is capable of generating hydrogen by liberating it from hydrogen bonds of water or hydrocarbons and also capable of removing injurious substances from gas under no external energy supply conditions. Invention is appropriate for use in food processing, chemical, pharmaceutical industries, and agriculture.

EFFECT: expanded substance treatment possibilities.

55 cl, 23 dwg, 4 tbl, 29 ex

 

The technical field

The present invention relates to an active structure, to the device to activate the processed substances with active structure, and the method of activation of such substances. More specifically, the present invention relates to an active structure, which activates the processed substances, which created a place with a focused energy between particles, including the specific item, and processed substances, in particular substances with covalent bond or a covalent bond, such as water or a hydrocarbon, is passed through or placed in such a place with a focused energy to activate the substance. The invention also relates to an apparatus and method for activating substances using such an active structure.

Prior art

In recent years, due to the prevailing perceptions about the depletion of existing fuel resources such as oil, attention was drawn to hydrogen as an alternative fuel.

Traditionally, common ways of producing hydrogen as an energy source is the electrolysis of water, methanol, etc.

For example, in the case of water electrolysis hydrogen is formed in accordance with the following equation (1):

In this case, electrolysis is an ode to the formation of hydrogen required potential difference, at least, of 1.23 volts under standard conditions, but in practice due to the high resistivity of water electrolysis of water can not be carried out without the application of much higher potential difference. For this reason, with the purpose of generating hydrogen electrolysis is subjected to an aqueous solution containing dissolved electrolyte, such as lye. However, there are problems associated with the need of removing side formed alkaline product and with what degree of decomposition unacceptably low.

As an alternative method of generating hydrogen can be considered thermal decomposition of water. However, for thermal decomposition of water to generate hydrogen necessary to carry out thermal decomposition at such high temperature as approximately 4300°that requires much more energy and makes it impossible for the practical application of thermal decomposition of water.

As a way to generate hydrogen without the use of any external energy can also be considered a method in which a chemical reaction carried out by adding to the water an alkaline metal or alkaline earth metal, such as aluminum, magnesium or sodium, but these metals are expensive, and the reaction proceeds quickly, hampering its industrial application.

In pleva is orode, such as methanol or gasoline, the binding energy between hydrogen and carbon is relatively low and, thus, the potential difference required for electrolysis hydrocarbon, can be considered as relatively low, however, the electrolysis of hydrocarbon includes the formation of reaction by-products such as co and CO2in this connection process is needed to remove these products.

On the other hand, in various areas of activation of water, in particular in medicine, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food industry, agriculture, domestic sphere and in other areas.

Electrolyzed water obtained by electrolysis of water using the apparatus shown in Fig(a). In the case of electrolysis of water is used. Tap water is an electrolyte, containing metals, such as calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium, in their salt form.

Specifically, as shown in Fig(a), the electrode E1 and the cathode E2 are located on both sides of the dividing plate of the water tank T, the internal part is separated by a diaphragm D, electrolyte fluid, such as tap water, is the water tank, and the predetermined current is passed between two electrodes E1 and E2, producing electrolyzed water.

On the side of the anode E1 molecule of water is split into H +(hydrogen ions), O2(oxygen molecule) and e-(electrons), thereby increasing the concentration of hydrogen ions and dissolving oxygen molecules in the water up to the saturation concentration at this temperature. This generates large amounts of ozone, radicals O2and oxidizing ions having oxidizing ability. If water is present in the electrolyte, such as sodium chloride, reaction of the electrolyte with the formation of the respective substances which are derivatives of this electrolyte. In this case, on the anode side is formed strongly acidic water. As described above, the anode side E1 is obtained with the acidity of the acidic water.

On the other hand, at the cathode E2 water acts electron (e-), increasing HE-(hydroxyl ion), which is soluble in water in the form of H2(hydrogen molecules). Next, one of the characteristics of water, which generated large amounts of restorative ions, is the fact that significantly reduced the amount involved in the oxidation of substances such as oxygen. Since metals such as calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, partially ionised and are attracted to the cathode E2, the presence of these metal ions is also one of the characteristics of water at the cathode E2.

And what are metals, dissolved and present at the cathode E2, exist in such a state that they are easily degenerous and adsorbed compared with the corresponding States of salts such as sodium chloride (usually existing in tap water).

The above-described apparatus for producing electrolyzed water can be roughly divided into two types.

The first apparatus is an apparatus, generally referred to as "apparatus for the formation of water with alkaline ions", in which tap water, purified water or mineral water electrolyzed directly (see Fig(b)). The second apparatus is an apparatus, generally referred to as "apparatus for the formation of highly acidic water", in which the electrolysis is exposed to water having an electrolyte including added sodium chloride and potassium chloride (see Fig(C)).

Tap water is used for transmission through the device 200 to clean water for carrying out electrolysis, and the resulting (-)-side electrolyzed water is used as water with alkaline ions as such.

Water coming from the inlet 201, refer first to the device 202 for water purification, where she removes musty odor, chlorine, trihalomethane etc. (pre-processing). After this pre-treated water is sent to the electrolysis the reservoir 203, consisting of electrodes E1 and E2 and the diaphragm D, as shown in Fig(a). The water introduced into the electrolysis tank 203, electrolyzed and on the anode side E1 and the cathode side of E2 through the membrane D, the pH value of the water acquires the gradient, resulting in receive two types of water, respectively containing oxidizing ions and recovery ions. These two types of water is passed through the electrolysis tank 203 and then they are sent on different paths: on the main sleeve 204 and the drain sleeve 205, respectively. Specifically, water with alkaline ion, located on the (-)-side, passes through the main water hose 204 and flows toward the valve is designed for water with alkaline ion, while the acidic water from (+)-side is directed to the drain sleeve 205 and is then produced, for example, through the kitchen sink.

It is known that water with an alkaline ion, obtained as described above can be effectively used for various purposes.

For example, the following ways of using water with alkaline ion for cooking at home:

1. Cooking rice

It is known that water with alkaline ion is suitable for cooking rice. Specifically, water with alkaline ion gives when cooking shiny requiring prolonged grinding the rice. In addition, the taste of rice, cooked in water with alkaline and the nom, does not deteriorate even after cooling, making this rice is ideal for cooking rice ball and Packed lunch.

2. Cooking, boiling, stewing

It is known that water with alkaline ion is suitable for cooking vegetables and so on. For example, in the case of cooking vegetables or vegetables, in particular edible root crops, the use of water with alkaline ion leads to the degumming of vegetable (vegetables) with a white texture without losing its shape. The cooking water is not turbid and vegetable (vegetables) can be prepared with good broth, making the degumming of vegetable is best for cooking condiments and stews.

3. Restore moisture

It is known that water with alkaline ion can be successfully used to restore the moisture content of dry food, legumes and so on. For example, if the water is alkaline ion is used to restore the moisture content of the beans, the beans can be cooked in a period of time of approximately 2/3 of the cooking time using tap water. If water with alkaline ion is used for reconstitution of dried shiitake mushrooms, moisture content can be restored for 10-20 min, which is very little cooking time.

4. The elimination of the bitter/unpleasant taste

It is known that water with alkaline inhomoge to be used to eliminate the bitter and/or unpleasant taste in vegetables. For example, when cut into pieces of suitable size spicy, sour or bitter vegetables such as burdock, eggplant, Lotus root, sarsaparilla (mountain plant, giving the fat, white material, edible stems) and the leeks, and then soaked in alkaline water, bitter and/or unpleasant taste is eliminated in a shorter time than when using tap water. When water with alkaline ion is used for cooking spinach, bitter taste can be removed and can be obtained brilliant boiled spinach.

5. Preparation

It is known that when water with alkaline ion used for cooking broth of seaweed, dried tuna, dried small sardines, etc., the resulting broth, unlike the case of using tap water, not cloudy and can be obtained concentrated broth.

6. Tea, coffee, etc.

It is known that since water with alkaline ion has a high extraction capacity, it can be successfully used to prepare green tea, coffee, tea along and so on. It is also known that using green tea leaves or coffee in number, constituting half of the expected number, can be prepared with good tea and good coffee.

7. Dilution liquor

It is known that water with alkaline ion can be used Daresbury spirits. In particular, since water with alkaline ion itself is rapidly absorbed by the stomach and intestines, when alcoholic drinks such as whiskey or joking, diluted alkaline water, the feeling that something is sitting in the stomach, disappears in contrast to what takes place when diluted with tap water or mineral water.

8. Removal of activated oxygen

Although the detailed reason is not understood, various experiments showed that during prolonged use water with alkaline ion in drinking-water may be disposed of activated oxygen.

However, when electrolyzed water is prepared with the use of such apparatus, there are problems associated with large amounts of energy required for electrolysis of water, and the apparatus becomes complicated.

On the other hand, acidic water is prepared with the help of electrolysis of tap water with added salt, and use water with (+)-side. For example, acidic water produced using the apparatus for producing acidic water, as shown in Fig(C). The apparatus 300 for producing acidic water has no device for water purification, but has a measuring pump 301, measuring the electrolyte, such as sodium chloride (NaCl).

For example, in the case of industrial apparatus 300 for producing acidic water, directly connected with gooduse pipe, as shown in Fig(C), the metered quantity of electrolyte (such as sodium chloride), measured using the dosing pump 301, add to the water coming from the water supply source 302. After that, the water containing a given amount of electrolyte is injected into the mixer 303 for mixing water with the purpose of its homogeneous mixture to prepare an aqueous solution of electrolyte (for example, saline water).

The resulting aqueous solution of the electrolyte is injected then in the electrolysis tank 304 (regarding the details of the electrolysis tank 304 see Fig(a)).

Then an aqueous solution of the electrolyte in the electrolysis tank is adjusted so as to provide a specified number of chlorine compounds and to the pH and redox potential (ORP) purchased the set values, then electrolyzed.

In the case of household or portable apparatus for manufacturing suitable for use acidic water, the apparatus is configured such that the electrolysis tank is a type of tank shown in Fig(a), which has a membrane and the electrodes. In particular, home, or portable apparatus for the production of acidic water has no metering pump 301 and no mixer 303, which has the apparatus shown in Fig(C). For this reason, the consumer is spruce should prepare an aqueous solution of electrolyte in advance and must enter the aqueous solution of the electrolyte in the electrolysis tank for holding him electrolysis.

It is known that the thus prepared acidic water can be successfully used for disinfection, sterilization, pasteurization, etc. are Known, in particular, that under the action of acidic water to kill bacteria: unstable bacteria for 30 or more and highly resistant bacteria for approximately 2 minutes

As described above, the apparatus 200 for producing water with an alkaline ion, in the apparatus 300 for producing acidic water problems in the preparation of electrolyzed water, requiring large amounts of energy, resulting apparatus is complicated.

As another method of activation of water was held magnifying water treatment and electrophilicities processing to split water clusters into fine particles to the activation of water. In particular, water is usually represented as H2Oh, which contains two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen, but in reality the water is in a state of great mass, consisting of a large number of molecules of water (H2O), hydrogen bonded. As just mentioned, the molecule of water (H2O) does not exist in isolation, but a molecule of water (H2O) forms a large mass by combining molecules of water (H2O) to each other (the mass is called a cluster; for example, it is known that in the case of tap water from 30 to 50 mo is equl water are connected with the formation of a cluster.

To water in the form of a cluster due to the many hydrogen bonds of water molecules with the formation of a mass attached magnetic force or an electromagnetic wave such as an infrared beam, exposing the water cluster action-wavelength, resonant with the water molecule, resulting in hydrogen bonds are broken down to small mass of water molecules (reducing the cluster).

When the mass of the water molecules is less than or, in other words, when the smaller the cluster, the enthalpy of the water increases, activating the water. In particular, since the mass of water, with a smaller cluster has less energy to absorb the energy of binding between molecules, the mass of the water molecules move easily.

It is known that when the water cluster becomes small, as described above, generally, the following effects occur.

1. The effect of decreasing the dielectric constant.

2. The effect of aggregation and deposition of colloidal particles, which are small solid particles contained in the water (due to this effect preventing the turbidity of the water due to colloidal particles).

3. The effect of preventing propagation of algae.

4. The effect of increasing dissolved oxygen.

5. The effect of preventing rusting of internal parts of pipelines and scale formation.

6. The effect of increasing the growth rate of aquatic organisms such as fish ID

Presented at Fig device 400 consists of a housing 401 apparatus having the input 402, where does tap water, exit 403, blows out water activated, with the inner part of the housing 401 is filled with metal having a high magnetic force, such as neodymium, cobalt, or niobium.

Water (H2O/large), which is directed from the inlet 402, with the largest cluster becomes water (H2O/small), with a small cluster, under the action of a metal having a high magnetic force and the inside of the apparatus, resulting in MGY (magnetic herereally) to break the cluster, after which water (H2O/small), with a small cluster, exits through the outlet 403.

In this apparatus, the cluster can be reduced without affecting any external energy.

However, even if the water is processed in such a metal having a high magnetic force, the water cluster cannot be partitioned to a significant extent, while there is a need to make a cluster of water is much less.

Further, in the above apparatus, the cluster is broken by direct injection of water into contact with having high magnetic power metal, but such direct contact of water with the metal leads to undesirable leaching into the water of metal oxide, metal chloride, etc. under the action of dissolved oxygen, chlorine, and so what.

In addition, the metals themselves are too expensive, which increases the cost of the machine.

In recent years, due to existing environmental problems, was nominated to the call to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and elimination of gases containing harmful substances such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and ammonia (NH3).

In particular, the right of ways in which you can effectively remove carbon dioxide and harmful substances emitted by plants, furnaces for burning garbage, transportation, and especially transport, operating on diesel engines.

Summary of invention

The object of the present invention is, therefore, the creation of activating patterns, which can release hydrogen from the hydrogen bonds in water and hydrocarbons to generate hydrogen without the supply of external energy.

Another object of this invention is to provide apparatus for activating a substance having a simple configuration, which can generate hydrogen from water or hydrocarbon, without having to remove any by-product.

Another object of this invention is to provide apparatus for sufficient activation of the water supply without any external energy.

Another object of nastoyascheevremya is the creation of the apparatus for removing harmful substances from the gas, contain harmful substances, without the supply of any external energy.

The inventor conducted a serious study and research in the light of the above subject. In the result, unexpectedly found that when the particles consisting of a specific element, are arranged in a certain way, the particles generated high energy, which can be used to activate chemicals in the present invention.

As a result of further study and research of the inventor, it was found that an effect similar to that obtained with a metal element, can be obtained from the use of fluoride carbon.

In particular, the present invention is directed to activation patterns containing particles consisting mainly of a single element selected from a group comprising silicon, titanium, Nickel and samarium or carbon fluoride placed in such a configuration, in which amplification of the energy of wave motion inherent in each of the elements or carbon fluoride, to form between the particles designated with focused energy.

With this configuration, among the particles generated high energy (or interaction), i.e., generated with focused energy, and, passing the substance through a place with stokesia the Anne of energy or placing the substance in place with focused energy, can this substance be activated. With the activating structure of the present invention can be treated as a conventional catalyst. The activating structure of the present invention differs from the conventional catalyst because it activates a substance by passing the substance through the place with a focused energy or when the substance in place with focused energy.

The activating structure of the present invention may also activate the processed substance even in dark conditions, i.e. in the absence of exposure to light, and in this respect differs from traditional photocatalyst. The activating structure of the present invention may be, for example, placed inside a light-tight casing forming apparatus for activation of the processed substances.

Here, the term "configuration, which increases the energy of the wave motion associated with each of the elements or carbon fluoride" means the configuration is experimentally detectable, as described in "the best conditions for carrying out the invention", and refers to a configuration in which the substance during the pass through or placing it in the gap or space between particles, consisting of a specific element or carbon fluoride, using vibration, flu is the situation, etc., passed the energy inherent in each element, etc.

Hereinafter, the term "activation", "activating" or "activate" means that energy is transferred to the substance by passing the substance through or premises substances in place with focused energy. Thus, these terms, the activation or the other, mean that the substance, which is an energy, "decomposed".

Here, the term "activation", "activating" or "activate" also implies that the energy is transferred to the specified molecule, which is processed substance, to break the molecular bonds or break intermolecular bonds such as hydrogen bonds.

The degree of activation can be adjusted by structuring space with focused energy, in particular by selection of the distance between two particles, the packing density of particles, the element forming particles, etc.

In the activating structure of the present invention, the particles are located at the vertices of the tetrahedron, preferably right tetrahedron, or at the vertices of a triangle, preferably a right triangle.

The location of the particles forming the activating structure according to the invention, at the vertices of a triangle, preferably a right triangle is one of the proc is goracy, amplifying the energy of wave motion, characteristic of the element selected from the group comprising silicon, titanium, Nickel and samarium or characteristic of the carbon fluoride, and is a location that facilitates the alignment of the particles. In this embodiment, is ideal to particles, each of which has the same size, were in contact with one another to position them at the vertices of a right triangle, but the present invention is not limited to such an arrangement, since the location allows you to boost the energy of wave motion associated with each element or carbon fluoride, even if some of the particles are not in contact with one another. In particular, the location of the particular particles at the vertices of the tetrahedron is not limited to contact or not contact of each of the particles.

The location of the particles forming the activating substance of the present invention, the apexes (in particular the right of the tetrahedron), i.e. the location of the particles forming the activating substance of the present invention, at the vertices of a triangle (in particular right triangle) the most effective way for the formation of the activating structure of the present invention is one of the configurations that increase the energy of wave motion inherent element selected from the group, to the Yu comprises silicon, titanium, Nickel and samarium, or inherent in the carbon fluoride, and is a location that facilitates the alignment of particles.

According to one variant of the activating structure of the present invention, the particles have a spherical shape and particle laminated in a flat condition.

When particles are in spherical shape of the particles can be easily placed in position to amplify the energy of the wave motion.

In the activating structure of the present invention, where the particles are in spherical shape and the particles are laminated in a flat condition, the ratio of the length of the particle to its width preferably not less than 0.3 and, in particular, ranges from 0.8 to 1.

When such above-described configuration with focused energy in the activating structure of the present invention can be defined forever. On the contrary, if the needle-like particles having the ratio is less than 0.3, with focused energy between particles cannot be created in a satisfactory manner.

In a preferred embodiment, the activating structure of the present invention the particle size is preferably from 5 to 80 μm Even more preferably, the particle size is well controlled.

Particles are mainly produced using gazorazdelitelnogo method.

Hazara pletely method is one of the most common ways to obtain a catalyst which can be used for obtaining particles of the present invention.

Instead gazorazdelitelnogo method for obtaining particles of the present invention can also be used jet spraying method.

Jet-spraying method is also one of the most common ways to obtain a catalyst which can be used for obtaining particles of the present invention.

In one embodiment, the activating structure of the present invention the particles are in the form of a plate (hereinafter, this structure will be referred to as "activating plate structure").

Plate the activating structure of the present invention having such a configuration, can be effectively used in the apparatus for activating substances. In particular, the form of which has a plate activating structure of the present invention facilitates the construction of the apparatus for activating substances.

In the activating structure of the present invention, the activating structure made in the form of a plate has a porosity of 45 to 60% and preferably about 50%.

In the case of such porosity of the processed substance can enter easily (being passed through or placed in a place with a focused energy in the activating structure of the present invention and the structure is not damaged due to the pressure drop, etc. during the passage of the substances through the plate activates the structure.

Plate the activating structure of the present invention may have a cross-sectional shape such as an I-shape, L-shape, U-shape or M-shape.

As described above, the plate activating structure of the present invention may have various cross-sectional shape depending on the intended application.

Activating structure can be formed in a star shape, disc shape, in the form of a plate having at least one pore in the shape of a sphere or cellular form. The activating structure of the present invention can be obtained by sintering particles.

As described above, the activating structure of the present invention along with a plate shape can be made in the form of a variety of forms and, thus, it is applicable for the design of the apparatus for activating substances depending on various objects and applications.

The formation of the activating structure of the present invention in the form of a star, in the form of a disk-shaped plate having at least one pore, in a spherical shape, an oval shape or in the shape of a pumpkin, or cellular form is the most common method of increasing the surface area of the activating structure of the present invention, and such a configuration is known in the field of catalysis. For this reason antivirous the structure of the present invention can be considered similar to the catalyst, having a similar form.

In further activating structure having a shape similar to the shape of the catalyst, sometimes will be called "trigger design" in order to distinguish it from activating structure in the form of particles, and the activating structure in the form of particles, in some cases, will be called "trigger design in the form of particles".

In a special embodiment of the present invention the activating structure is made in a spherical shape, can be located in the configuration in which the energy inherent in the element or carbon fluoride, forming the activating structure.

In particular, it was found that when the activating structure formed in a spherical shape, according to the present invention, can be located at the vertices (right) triangle, there is a place with a focused energy possessed by activating structure in the gap between the activating structures and, when the processed substance is passed through or placed in a place with a focused energy, the substance can be activated (see examples 25-28).

Such a configuration as described above allows the processed substance can be passed through or placed in a much wider gap.

Note that the energy of the place with a focused energy in accordance with the laws the AI with such a special variation is small compared with the energy of the place with a focused energy within the particles.

In the activating structure of the present invention the activating structure can be used to extract hydrogen from water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbon or mixtures thereof and collection of selected hydrogen.

In particular, the processed substance having a bond O-H or C-H, such as water (H-O-H), hydrogen peroxide (H-o-O-H) or a hydrocarbon (C-H), can be passed through or placed in a place with a focused energy of the activating structure of the present invention to unlink O-H or C-H, in the process, it can produce a molecule of hydrogen (H2).

Used herein, the term "aqueous medium" means aqueous solutions containing the component or components that are soluble in water or miscible with water, such as electrolytes, including sodium chloride, polar solvents such as lower alcohols, sacharine, including cane sugar, and any other components, emulsions, suspensions, etc.

In particular, when a material object of the invention is selected the water or aqueous medium, they activate the activating structure of the present invention, receiving a mixed gas containing hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. Separation of hydrogen from the resulting mixed gas using a suitable method gives a mixed gas containing oxygen and nitrogen. Thus, treating water sludge the aquatic environment activating structure of the present invention, you can make the air (for example, in example 1 could be obtained mixed gas of 5 vol.% oxygen and 17% vol. nitrogen).

Used herein, the term "hydrocarbon" means a hydrocarbon from which using the activating structure of the present invention can be selected hydrogen, and it is assumed that the term includes saturated or unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon which may generate hydrogen; aliphatic alcohols which may release hydrogen, such as methanol and ethanol, aliphatic aldehydes which may generate hydrogen gas and petroleum ethers.

Great attention is paid to hydrogen as the fuel, replaced the existing energy, representative of which is fossil fuel. The activating structure of the present invention can be used to extract hydrogen from water and hydrocarbon, and hydrogen can be selectively performed without (or almost without) the use of any external energy and without (or almost without) the formation of any side products.

The present invention relates also to the apparatus for activating substances, which contain the activating structure (including the activating structure in the form of particles or formed activating structure) as reagent and which activates the treated substance by skipping the ing it through or put it in a place with a focused energy activating structure.

When creating the above-described apparatus can be of various substances in a simple configuration.

In a variant of the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention, where the reagent is used activating structure or activating structure in the form of particles, the substance is passed through or placed in a place with a focused energy activating patterns, thus activating the substance that activates the structure can be arranged in a stationary layer or in the form of a fluidized layer.

Like catalyst or something like that activating structure can show the effect of activation of the substance or in the form of a fixed layer, either in the form of a fluidized bed. As a result, the device for activation of the processed substances of different types can be performed according to the type similar to the traditional type of apparatus in which used catalyst.

The present invention relates also to the apparatus for activating substances, including activating areas formed by activating design, in which the activating sites so that between activating areas there is a gap.

When the apparatus configured as described above, the processed substance can be passed through or placed in the gap between the trigger is casttime to activate the substance. In this case, since as a place with a focused energy can be created a wide gap in comparison with the gap between the particles, the possibility of designing and apparatus are expanded.

Used here, the phrase "activating designs are activating areas so that between activating areas there is a gap" means that the activating section of the present invention is formed in the form of a ring, through which passes the processed substance or which is processed substance; activating each section formed in a spherical shape, is placed in the top right of the tetrahedron, through which is passed a processed substance or in which the substance or activating the parts formed from the activating structure of the present invention are placed at the vertices (right) triangle, through which is passed a processed substance or in which the substance.

In this embodiment, preferably, the activating structures were formed in a spherical shape and were located in the apexes or corners of a triangle as in the case of the activating structure in the form of particles for the same reasons as in the case of the activating structure in the form of particles.

In a particular embodiment, the present invention offers the equipment is t for activating substances, which includes as a reagent activating structure of the present invention (including an activating material in the form of particles) and which activates the treated substance by passing them through or putting them in place with a focused energy activating patterns, resulting in the generated gas.

When transmitting the processed substances with group IT, group C-H or similar group, through or by placing such substances in the activating structure of the present invention, the activating structure of the present invention can generate gas without energy supply, or to supply the minimum quantity of energy which the apparatus can be effectively used as a compact gas generator.

The gas generator of the present invention may consist of a container for processing filled the activating structure of the present invention, which activates the processed substances, generating the gas, and at least one activating plate structure formed in the container for processing in such a direction that the generated gas is moved upward.

This configuration creates a convection processed substances in the longitudinal direction of the cross section of the plate trigger patterns. Such convection, as described to enter the, increases the likelihood that the processed substance will pass through the place with a focused energy in activating plate structure. Due to this, the processed substance can be efficiently activated.

Here the expression "in such a direction that the generated gas moves up" means the vertical relative to the container direction and is not limited to, until the convection of the substrate is generated in the longitudinal direction of the cross section of the plate trigger patterns. It is not limited to the shape of the plate trigger patterns, the direction of the side plate trigger patterns and position placed activating plate structure.

In particular, the activating structure (lamellar activating structure) can be made in round, oval or rectangular shape in a plane direction from which the preferred rectangular shape. For example, if the activating structure has a rectangular or oval shape, the long side (long axis) is mainly in the vertical direction relative to the container.

Activating structure in the form of plates can be put in contact with a bottom or side surface of the container using restraint or may not enter the sterile in contact with the bottom or side surface.

The generator, in accordance with the present invention, may consist of a container for processing filled the activating structure of the present invention, which activates the processed substances, generating the gas, and activating plate structure formed in the container for processing for separation container in the vertical direction.

When the apparatus constructed as described above, since the processed substance is held within the plate trigger patterns, i.e. it passes through the place with a focused energy activating plate structure, the substance can be effectively activated to generate gas.

Here the phrase "activating plate structure formed in the container for processing for separation container in the vertical direction" means that the container can be divided in the vertical direction of each or some of the activating plate structures.

The generator, in accordance with the present invention may have a configuration in which the plate activating structure divides the container in the vertical direction, in combination with the configuration in which at least one activating plate structure is formed in the container for processing the TCI in the direction ensure that the movement of the generated gas up.

This combination increases the area of contact of the substance with the activating plate structure, i.e. the probability that a substance will be included (will pass through and/or remain in place with focused energy and will accelerate the activation of substances due to convection.

The apparatus for activating a substance of the above described configuration is mostly a configuration in which a heater for heating the plate activating structure of the processed substance or both are introduced with the aim to create a forced convection of the substance. This configuration allows you to adjust the convection of the substance and, thus, influence the rate of activation of the substance.

In the apparatus for activating a substance having the above-described configuration, instead of or in addition to the configuration in which there is a heater, a circulation device for circulating substances in the apparatus for activating a substance. This configuration also makes it possible to regulate the convection of the substance and, thus, allows us to influence the activation speed of the substance.

Further, in the apparatus for activating a substance having the above-described configuration, mainly has a drive mechanism that moves in contact with the substance surface is included as the activating structure in the vertical direction.

This configuration allows to freely change the size of the plate trigger patterns and, thus, to properly control the stopping activation and activation speed.

Examples of the preferred drive mechanism include, but are not limited to, a vertical drive means which moves the form of a plate, and the inner tank is located on the housing of the apparatus for activating a substance representing a driving device such as a circulation pump. You can also mention a suspension device that can change the vertical position of the activating plate structure.

In a variant of the apparatus for activating a substance or gas generator corresponding to the present invention, where the reagent is used activating plate structure or the activating structure in the form of a plate and where the processed substance is passed through or placed in a place with a focused energy activating structure to the activation of a substance, the apparatus for activating substances mainly has a mechanism for generating turbulent flow, and due to the turbulent flow generated by the mechanism for generating turbulent flow, the likelihood of the passage of matter through space with focused EN what rgiya activating structures, mainly of increases.

This combination increases the surface contact of the substance with the activating plate structure, i.e. the probability that a substance will be included (will pass through and/or remain in place with focused energy and, thus, creates the opportunity for effective activation of the substance.

In the gas generator corresponding to the present invention, a separator that separates the target gas generated from the gas and can be obtained as a commercial product, and examples of such a separator is the separator, which separates the gas due to the difference in density between the components of the gas components, the separator consists of an absorber or absorber layer, which absorbs a specific gas, and a separator, consisting of a membrane or similar material, which transmits only a specific gas.

This configuration makes it possible to separate and collect the target gas from the gas generated.

In a special embodiment of the present invention water, hydrogen peroxide, aqueous environment (e.g., an aqueous electrolyte solution, such as saline solution), a hydrocarbon (for example, alcohol such as methanol or gasoline) or their mixture is passed through or placed in a place with a focused energy activating patterns for separation and collection of hydrogen.

This configuration allows the apparatus to p is izvodstva of hydrogen from water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbons or mixtures thereof with substantially simple configuration even without a device for processing a by-product. In particular, when a material object of the invention is water or aqueous medium, can be obtained activated water, such as is obtained in the case of the electrolysis of water (water with alkaline ion or strongly acidic water), or manicina water that can be effectively used in various fields. Thus, you can create a device to activate the water or aqueous medium without or almost without application of external energy, such as electricity.

In generating the hydrogen system can also be used effectively generating hydrogen gas generator. In particular, it can be effectively used in various power generating apparatus (engines, including internal combustion engines and external combustion engines), especially in the transport engines.

In another embodiment, the gas generator of the present invention processed substance is water, hydrogen peroxide, water, or their mixture, which is passed through or placed in a location with a focused energy to generate a mixed gas containing hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen.

Although the reason why the generated nitrogen to C who have not known, as a result of numerous experiments on the activation of the processed substances, such as water, hydrogen peroxide and water environment using the apparatus for activating substances in accordance with the present invention it has been proven that in addition to generating hydrogen is generated mixed gas containing oxygen and nitrogen (see the following example 1). Moreover, the volume ratio of oxygen to nitrogen is about to 5.17, which is close to the composition of the air. Therefore, the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention can produce an air of such material without the supply of energy or supply a very small amount of energy.

In accordance with another variant of the present invention, a method of activating substances, consisting in the transmission of the processed substances through or in the premises of the processed substance in place with a focused energy of the activating structure of the present invention to activate the substance.

According to the activation method of the substances to be treated substance can be attached energy supply without any external energy with substantially simple way of activating substances using designated with a focused energy of the activating structure of the present invention.

For example, to enable the General structure of the present invention can activate the liquid fuel, lowering it so the total number of hydrocarbon and thereby increasing the fuel ratio.

The activating structure of the present invention may also decompose ethylene allocated vegetables or fruit and, thus, can be effectively used as an agent that supports the freshness of vegetables and fruits.

In addition, the activating structure of the present invention can decompose harmful gases, such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and cigarette smoke, and thus, it can be effectively used in the apparatus for removal of these substances.

In the activation method of the substances according to the present invention is water, hydrogen peroxide, aqueous medium (for example, an aqueous electrolyte solution, such as saline solution), a hydrocarbon (for example, alcohol such as methanol or gasoline) or their mixture is passed through or placed in a place with a focused energy activating patterns for isolation and in the product hydrogen.

This configuration allows you to create a device for production of hydrogen from water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbons or mixtures thereof with, essentially, a simple configuration even without a device for processing a by-product. In particular, when a material object of the invention is water or aqueous medium, the can is to be obtained activated water, this, which is obtained in the case of the electrolysis of water (water with alkaline or strongly acidic ion water), or manicina water that can be effectively used in various fields. Thus, you can create a device to activate the water or aqueous medium without or almost without the supply of external energy, such as electricity.

According to another variant of the present invention, a method of production of the activating structure, which includes:

(a) preparation of particles consisting mainly of one element selected from the group comprising silicon, titanium, Nickel and samarium, or carbon fluoride;

(b) an antistatic treatment of the particles obtained in stage (1);

(c) placing the particles subjected to antistatic treatment in stage (b), in the position in which amplification of the energy of wave motion, followed by sintering.

With this configuration, the activating structure of the present invention can be prepared easily and with good reproducibility.

Brief description of drawings

Figure 1 is a drawing showing an example of the activating structure of the present invention, where figure 1(a) belongs entirely to the example of the activating structure of the present invention, figure 1(b) shows an example of the basic configuration activating the structure of the present invention, shown in figure 1(a)and Fig.1(C) is a General view showing another example of the activating structure of the present invention.

Figure 2(a) and figure 2(b) are electron microscopic photograph showing the shape of the particles forming the activating structure of the present invention and the shape of the particle of comparison, respectively.

Figure 3 is a drawing showing an example of preferred options activating structure in accordance with the present invention, where figure 3(a) is a General view showing the configuration before activating structure of the present invention was formed in the I-form; figure 3(b) is a General view showing the configuration in which the activating structure of the present invention is formed in an L-shape; figure 3(C) is a General view showing the configuration in which the activating structure of the present invention is formed in U-shape; and figure 3(d) is a General view showing the configuration when which the activating structure of the present invention is formed in an S-form.

Each of Fig.4(a) Fig.4(C) is an electron-microscopic photograph showing the shape of the particles forming the activating structure of the present invention and the particle shape comparison.

Each of figure 5(a) to 5(f) represents a General view, played the ith example of another form activating structure in accordance with the present invention.

Fig.6(a) Fig.6(f) are cross sections showing cross-section form activating structure shown in figure 5(a) to 5(f) (which shows the skeleton), respectively.

Fig.7 is a cross-section showing an example of the apparatus for activating substances, which is filled with an activating structure of the present invention (type fluidized bed).

Fig is a cross-section showing an example of the apparatus for activating substances (gas generator), which uses the activating structure of the present invention.

Fig.9 is a cross-section showing an example of the apparatus for activating substances (gas generator), which uses the plate activating structure of the present invention.

Figure 10(a) and figure 10(b) are transverse sections, each of which shows an example of the apparatus for activating substances (gas generator), which uses the plate activating structure of the present invention.

11 is a cross-section showing an example of the apparatus for activating substances (gas generator), which uses the plate activating structure of the present invention.

Fig is a cross-section showing an example of the apparatus for activating substances (gasoline atora), uses plate activating structure of the present invention.

Fig(a) and Fig(b) are transverse sections, each of which shows an example of the apparatus for activating substances (gas generator), which uses the plate activating structure of the present invention.

Fig is a cross-section showing an example of the apparatus for activating substances (gas generator), which uses the plate activating structure of the present invention.

Fig is a General view showing an example where the plate activating structure of the present invention directly heated.

Fig is a General view showing another example where the plate activating structure of the present invention directly heated.

Fig(a) - Fig(d) are drawings showing another variant of the apparatus for activating substances in accordance with the present invention, where Fig(a) is a cross-section of the apparatus for activating substances in accordance with the present invention, and each of Fig(b) - Fig(d) is a schematic view showing an example of activating structures in the apparatus on Fig(a).

Fig is a schematic view showing an example of the generating system is the fact that the hydrogen system, including apparatus for activating substances in accordance with the present invention.

Fig is a General view showing an example of the apparatus for activating substances in accordance with the present invention, used for fine splitting of water clusters.

Fig shows an experiment on the decomposition of water in the present invention.

Fig(a) - Fig(C) represent the UV spectra showing the results of activation of water using the apparatus for activating a substance shown on Fig where Fig(a) represents the UV-spectrum of water before activating, Fig(b) represents the UV-spectrum of water after activation using the apparatus for activating a substance shown on Fig, and Fig(C) represents the UV spectra before and after activation.

Fig is a cross section view showing a conventional apparatus for producing electrolyzed water, where Fig(a) is a schematic view showing the apparatus for the electrolysis of water, Fig(b) is a schematic view showing an example of the apparatus for production of water with the alkali ion and Fig(C) is a schematic view showing an example of the apparatus for the production of highly acidic water.

Fig is a cross section schematically depicting a conventional apparatus for magnetic about what Abadi water.

The best ways of carrying out the invention

Hereinafter the present invention will be described with reference to the attached drawings. First of all, the basic configuration of the activating structure of the present invention with reference to figures 1 and 2. (Activating structure)

Figure 1 is a drawing showing an example of the activating structure of the present invention, where figure 1(a) is devoted entirely to the example of the activating structure of the present invention, figure 1(b) shows an example of a basic configuration of the activating structure of the present invention, is shown in figure 1(a)and Fig.1(C) is a General view showing another example of the activating structure of the present invention. Figure 2(a) and figure 2(b) are electron microscopic photograph showing the shape of the particles forming the activating structure of the present invention and the shape of the particle of comparison, respectively.

Form elements

The activating structure of the present invention is formed of a single element selected from a group comprising silicon, titanium, Nickel and samarium. The selection of these elements is the result of numerous experiments of the inventor of this application, which will be described below. Of these elements titanium and Nickel are metal elements, whose number electr is new, rotating farthest orbit the nucleus (M, N), is equal to two, and they are elements that are difficult to oxidize. Samarium is a rare earth element, in which the number of electrons rotating in the outermost orbit of the nucleus (M, N), is equal to two, and it is an element which is difficult to oxidize. Nickel and samarium are also characterized by the fact that they have a high magnetic force.

According to the present invention, the activating structure of one of these elements is used individually, and its purity is chosen appropriately depending on the types of elements and types of activated substances. For example, in the case when to activate water to generate hydrogen and oxygen as the activating structure of the present invention uses a silicon purity silicon least 90% and preferably not less than 95%. Even more preferably high purity. As for the elements forming the activating structure of the present invention, other than silicon, i.e. titanium, Nickel and samarium, their purity is the same as the purity of the silicon. Typically, the activating structure of the present invention is formed of a single element such as silicon, but the activating structure of the present invention can be formed by a combination of elements.

Named items in the act which virusa the structure of the present invention are grainy to use them in the form of granules. On the basis of ease of granulation, it is preferable to pelletize the elements in the form of spherical granules, in particular the right of granular pellets, particles or grains. In this case, use mainly particle size of from 5 to 89 μm Particle size of less than 5 μm to prepare a relatively difficult and, when they are located in a given position, it becomes quite difficult to pass the processed substance through space (gap) between the particles, which is a place with a focused energy, which will be described in detail hereinafter. Conversely, if the particle size exceeds 80 μm, the energy sufficient to activate the substance when the particles are located in a predetermined position, be generated between the particles cannot. Generally speaking, when the particle size exceeds 150 μm, generating energy for activating substances in accordance with the present invention is possible only with difficulty.

Preferably as narrow as possible a distribution of the particles. In particular, as a result of numerous experiments of the inventor of this application has been proven that a significant effect can be obtained in the case when the variation in the particle size lies within ±15 μm (i.e. the margin of error of particle size of not more than 30 μm).

Method of granulating specific items the NTA in the above form is not in the present invention essentially restrictive and can be applied to any of the widely known in the field of catalysts, methods of granulation. From the viewpoint of ease of production, ease of production and the possibility that the shape of the particles could be relatively homogeneous, the preferred method of gas atomization. However, if you receive the above-mentioned particles, the activating structure of the present invention is not limited to a particular way particles formed by the method of gas atomization, and can, for example, be used in the methods of granulation, which includes such traditional methods like Sol-gel and jet-spraying methods.

As shown in figure 1, in the present invention, the particles P, formed by an element selected from silicon, titanium, Nickel and samarium as described above, are located in the position in which amplification of the energy of wave motion.

In particular, each element forming the activating structure of the present invention, has its own frequency, expressed by the formula: E=hν (where E is the ionization energy (eV)characteristic of each element, h is Planck's constant and ν frequency), for example, during ionization, and these elements that can form activating structure of the present invention, perceive vibrations caused by electromagnetic fields. Generated electromagnetic fields fluctuations have given fluctuations. From this fact, monosilicide, each of the elements forming the activating structure of the present invention, has its own fluctuations even in the normal state and that at the location of particle P in the configuration, which is effectively produced oscillations, characteristic of each element, substance, passed through or placed in a formed between the particles of the space S, the vibrational energy is transmitted, resulting substance is activated.

Table 1
Ionization energy (eV)Frequency (×1015Hz)
Si8,144is 1.971
Ni7,631,846
Ti6,821,649
Sm5,631,361

Along with this, although the reasons why are manifested similar functions and effects are still not known, as a result of numerous experiments of the inventor of this application found that the carbon fluoride (CF) also exhibits the same functions and effects as the above-mentioned metal elements. In the result, the activating structure in accordance with the present invention should include particles formed by the fluoride carbon.

This is the invention was made, based on this conclusion, and it was confirmed by numerous experiments, and it was found that assuming that the particles have substantially the same size (spherical particles having the same diameter), for example, they are placed at the vertices of a triangle, preferably, at the vertices of a right triangle, as shown in figure 1(b). In particular, during the passage of substances through or finding it in the space S (with focused energy) between the particles P, educated specific element, the substance is transferred to high energy using vibrations and fluctuations inherent in the element forming the activating structure of the present invention.

In the present invention, the particles formed by the specific element are as described above, in the specific configuration. In practice, since the particles are not necessarily in the right areas and because the size of each particle is not always the same, it is difficult to strictly host particles at the vertices of a right triangle. Used here, the phrase "particles are located at the vertices of a triangle" includes such interval uncertainty and assumes such an arrangement, in which particles are arranged in the configuration as shown, for example, in figure 2(b). Note that in figure 2(a) shows that h is Stacy P, educated with gazorazdelitelnogo method, sifted 52-μm sieve and passing through a sieve particles (uniform in size) are collected and ordered.

As shown in figure 1(b), in the case when the particles are located at the vertices of a regular triangle, triangle, formed in the space S between the particles P, i.e. each vertex represents a point of intersection of the tangents of the particles must have angles less than 90 deg., preferably from 39 to 70.5 degrees. and, ideally, close to 60 degrees.

It was found that the highest activity is in the case when the particles are located at the vertices of a regular tetrahedron, as shown in figure 1(d). In particular, the tetrahedral configuration can be regarded as a configuration in which are four (right) triangular configuration and a triangular configuration is a configuration in which the process of how the substance passes through or is in the space S (with focused energy) between the particles P, educated specific element, the substance is transferred to high energy using vibrations and fluctuations inherent in the element forming the activating structure of the present invention. In this case there is a significantly large area with focused energy. In the present invention p the convenient location in the form (right) triangle particles, educated specific element, are arranged in a specific configuration, as described above. In practice, since the particles are not necessarily in the right areas and because the size of each particle is not always the same, it is difficult to strictly host particles at the vertices of a regular tetrahedron. Used here, the phrase "particles are located at the vertices of a regular tetrahedron" includes such interval uncertainty and assumes such an arrangement, in which the particles are placed in position as shown, for example, in figure 2(b). Note that in figure 2(b) shows that the particles P formed using gazorazdelitelnogo method, sifted 52-μm sieve and passing through a sieve particles (uniform in size) are collected and ordered.

As in the case of the version in which the particles are located at the vertices (right) triangle (right) triangle, which forms the (regular) tetrahedron, triangle, formed in the space S between the particles P, i.e. when each vertex is the intersection point of the tangent particles must have angles less than 90 deg., preferably from 39 to 70.5 degrees. and, ideally, close to 60 degrees.

The configuration in which the amplification of the energy of wave motion, is not limited to a specific image configuration of the vertices of the regular ones is raudra, if it is a configuration in which during the passage of substances through or finding it in the space S (with focused energy) between the particles P, educated specific element, the substance is transferred to high energy using vibrations and fluctuations inherent in the element forming the activating structure of the present invention. In particular, for example, as shown in figure 2(b), if the particles, each of which has an irregular shape, are arranged in an arbitrary manner, peculiar to each element fluctuations cancel each other out, making it difficult to generate a high energy existing between the particles of space and, in turn, leads to activation of the substance. Note that the particles shown in figure 2(b), is formed by spraying the source material adhering to gazoraspredeleniye the camera, followed by sieving to 52μm sieve and passing through a sieve particles (uniform in size) are collected and ordered.

The activating structure of the present invention may also activate the processed substance even in dark conditions, i.e. in the absence of exposure to light, and in this respect differs from traditional photocatalyst. For example, the activating structure of the present invention can be inside svetoservice the th body, forming apparatus for activation of the processed substances.

Plate activating structure

In a preferred embodiment, the present invention proposes activating plate structure. Plate the activating structure of the present invention will be described with reference to figure 3 and 4.

Figure 3 is a drawing showing an example of preferred options activating structure in accordance with the present invention, where figure 3(a) is a General view showing the configuration before activating structure formed in the I-form; figure 3(b) is a General view showing the configuration in which the activating structure of the present invention is formed in an L-shape; figure 3(C) is a General view showing the configuration in which the activating structure of the present invention is formed in U-shape; and figure 3(d) is a General view showing the configuration in which the activating the structure of the present invention is formed in an S-shape. Each of Fig.4(a) Fig.4(C) is an electron-microscopic photograph showing the shape of the particles forming the activating structure of the present invention and the particle shape comparison.

The configuration of the activating plate structure

The activating structure of the present invention may be formed is Ana forming the above-described particles using any of a variety of forming methods, such as compression molding and sintering. In particular, first of all, as shown in figure 1, the particles P, formed by one element selected from silicon, titanium, Nickel and samarium or carbon fluoride placed in the position in which amplification of the energy of wave motion, typically the particles P are located at the vertices of a regular triangle, mainly in the vertices of a regular tetrahedron. As a consequence, arranged particles are heated, for example, to a temperature below the melting temperature of the element or carbon fluoride, forming particles P, and compressed. This can be formed plate activating structure of the present invention, as shown in figure 3(b).

Depending on the configuration of the apparatus for activating a substance formed by activating plate structure, which will be described below, the activating structure can be formed in an L-shape, as shown in Fig.(b), U-shape, as shown in figure 3(C) or S-shape, as shown in figure 3(a). The form assumed activating plate structure is not limited provided that it has a given thickness, length and width. When used herein, the terms "L-shape, U-shape and S-shape" does not suggest that the activating plate structure has an L-shape, U-shape and S-shape" in the trough sense of the word. For example, U-shape may be the angle, i.e. the Japanese letter "KO".

As shown in figure 4(a), the plate activating structure of the present invention, as described above, the particles produced many spaces S role with focused energy (description of the preferred option space S, which is similar to the variant described above will be omitted). In particular, the activating effects similar to those described above may occur when placing the particles P in the configuration in which the amplification of the energy of wave motion inherent in forming the particle element or carbon fluoride.

On the contrary, if the particles be placed in a configuration outside the definition of the present invention, i.e. to place them randomly, as shown in figure 4(b) and figure 4(C), even if the particles formed by the gaps, the activating effects inherent in the activating structure of the present invention, to appear will not be able.

Plate the activating structure of the present invention can be of any size depending on the intended application. For the purposes of the effective direction of the processed substances to the place with focused energy, as defined in the present invention (being processed substances in this place or that is responsive is their through it), the thickness is usually from 350 to 1500 μm and, mainly, from 500 to 1000 μm (in particular, preference is given to such a thickness, in which from 5 to 15 layers of particles forming the activating structure of the present invention, to form a laminated structure).

If the thickness is less than the above range, it is necessary to pay much attention to the treatment of trigger plate structure, to avoid the destruction of the activating structure. At the same time, if the thickness exceeds this range, the processed substance is sent to the site with a focused energy unsatisfactory way.

Plate the activating structure of the present invention has a porosity predominantly in the range of 45 to 60% of the overall structure and, in particular approximately 50%. When using the activating plate structure having a porosity within these limits, the processed substance can be put in place with a focused energy activating plate structure at a relatively low flow rate (pressure) of the treated substance. If the porosity is more than the above range, for processing substances require a higher pressure and thus there is the possibility that activating plate structure will be destroyed, which will lead to b is Ocharovanie place with a focused energy pollution. At the same time, if the porosity of the plate trigger patterns is less than the above range, it will take considerable time for the passage of matter through or to find substances with focused energy that will significantly hamper the activation of substances. The preferred porosity lamellar activating structure, close to 50%.

Activating structure with other forms

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the plate activating structure of the present invention can be formed in various shapes other than those described above. Plate the activating structure of the present invention is described further with reference to figure 5 and 6.

Each of figure 5(a) to 5(f) is a General view showing an example of another form activating structure in accordance with the present invention. Fig.6(a) Fig.6(f) are cross sections showing cross-section form activating structures shown respectively in figure 5(a) to 5(f), which shows the skeleton.

As shown in figure 5, plate activating structure of the present invention may be implemented in various forms other than the forms described above. In particular, the plate activating structure of the present invention may take the form of a star shape confetti) (figure 5(a)), the form of a disk (figure 5(b)), and the plate form has at least one pore (figure 5(C)), a spherical shape (figure 5(f)), cell shape, etc.

In particular, the activating structure (activating structure) of the present invention is formed in a shape and size similar to the shape and size of a traditional catalyst, and therefore it can be accessed the same way as with a conventional catalyst. For a traditional reactor, the catalyst can also be useful apparatus for activating substances, which uses the activating structure of the present invention.

Along with this, as shown in Fig.6(a) Fig.6(f), the activating structure of the present invention, each of which has the configuration shown in figure 5(a) to 5(f), can be formed on the skeleton, made of a metal having a low reactivity or high specific heat capacity. In some cases, this above-described formation of the activating structure of the present invention can be prepared at low costs. Alternatively, when used as a core metal with a high heat transfer coefficient can easily achieve heat exchange with the substance.

As the method of applying the activating structure of the present invention on the VDT can be used by any of the traditional ways, such as the method of distribution and fluidizable and spray drying method.

Preparation of the activating structure

Among the activating structures of the present invention, will be described below, the method of preparation of the activating plate structure or the activating structure of the present invention.

Preparation of particles: stage and

First prepare particles consisting of a specified element or carbon fluoride, which constitute the basic unit of the activating structure of the present invention.

In particular, first prepare particles of spherical shape, in particular particles of spherical shape, using any method known in the production of catalysts, such as gazoraspredeleniye method and Sol-gel method.

Antistatic treatment: stage b

Further, in order to facilitate the location of the particles, the resulting particles are subjected to antistatic treatment. In particular, the formed particles can not be located in a predetermined position due to the adhesion between particles or repulsion of particles due to static electricity.

For this reason, when conducting antistatic treatment is used as the cation and the anion.

Sintering: stage

Particles subjected to antistatic treatment, as described above, have, as of pokazanova figure 1(a), and is sintered with the formation of a given shape. As for the sintering conditions in this case, the temperature is not higher than the melting point of the element or carbon fluoride, used for the formation of the activating structure, and is in the range suitable for the sintering of the particles (for example, from 1200 to 1300°for sintering silicon), sintering time from 2.5 to 3.5 hours and the pressure during sintering from 12 to 25 MPa. It should be noted that, as with fluoride carbon is undesirable to carry out the sintering process, the activating structure containing carbon fluoride can be prepared using CIP method (the method of cold pressing volume).

When carrying out the above-described sintering process can be obtained plate activating structure of the present invention, arranged as shown in figure 1(b), and having the form as shown in figure 3 or figure 4(a). Similarly can be prepared activating structure (activating design) in accordance with the present invention, having a shape other than a plate.

Reversion to the activating structure or the activating structure of the present invention is characterized by sintering particles without the use of adhesives in contrast to conventional sintering method. In particular, the sintering process using any of the traditionally izvestnejshih complicates the creation of spaces S, i.e. it difficult to organize with focused energy to create the activating plate structure or the activating structure of the present invention, since there is concern that contamination deposited binder will stick, by disabling particles. Of course, if the particles can be placed as defined in the present invention, and if the adhesion of the binder on the surface can be prevented, particles can sinter and in the presence of a binder. Thus, the present invention is not limited to using or not using a binder. In the case where a binder is used, the sintering temperature is not lower than the decomposition temperature of the binder.

Characteristics of the activating plate structure and activating designs

Thus prepared plate activating structure or trigger design, which has a defined shape, has an advantage over the activating structure of the present invention formed in the form of particles, from the viewpoint of ease of handling and ease of design of the device.

Below will be described the activation of substances and apparatus for activating substances using the activating structure of the present invention.

Activating substances

The processed substance

The term "substance processed by the activating structure of the present invention (substance - the object of the present invention)includes substances that interact (pass through or are in) a place with a focused energy in the activating structure of the present invention to be activated. In particular, the processed substances is such substances that have the fluidity and which can be passed through the place with a focused energy in the activating structure of the present invention, such as powders, gases and liquids. Usually these substances are liquids, such as water and organic solvents and gases such as water vapor and air.

Hydrogen production

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the processed substance can be mentioned water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbons or their mixtures which may be passed through a particle form activating structure, or held in place with a focused energy activating plate structure or the activating structure of the present invention with the purpose of generating hydrogen.

In this embodiment, the term "aqueous medium" is used to refer to aqueous solutions containing the component or components that are soluble in water or miscible with water, such as electrolytes, including sodium chloride, polar solvents such as the lower alcohols, sacharine, including cane sugar, and any other components, emulsions, suspensions, etc. are Expected to use the hydrocarbon is also not specifically limited, if only when it is passing through the particles of the C-H and C-HE can release hydrogen, and examples of his is a wide range of hydrocarbons, such as aliphatic alcohols, for example methanol and ethanol, and hydrocarbon mixtures such as gasoline and petroleum ethers.

Pre-processing: removing dirt, heat, etc.

Liquid processed substance as described above may be properly selected depending on the intended application. If a liquid substance dirt, which can block with focused energy in the activating structure of the present invention (e.g., contaminants like sand or small particles contained in the sea water, if the substance of the object of the invention uses sea water), the substance is the object of the invention can be successfully passed through the activating structure of the present invention after removal of impurities by their aggregation, sedimentation, etc. May also be heated fluid through a heater and then passing it through the activating structure of the present invention.

When vzaimode istii water or hydrocarbon as a matter - the object of the invention to place with a focused energy in the activating structure of the present invention, as described above, the subject matter may be transferred energy is higher than the binding energy of O-H or the C-H, with the release of hydrogen (H). The selected atom of hydrogen, as described above, can be easily assembled in the form of molecular hydrogen (H2) using known methods.

Activation of water

Water or an aqueous environment, such as the electrolyte solution, can be activated by the activating structure of the present invention. The activation method of water roughly divided into two methods: (1) a method in which water or aquatic environment directly passed through or placed in a location with a focused energy in the activating structure of the present invention and (2) a method in which the aqueous medium is passed through or placed in a groove between or among the activating sites formed the activating structure of the present invention. Method (1) is primarily meant for the preparation of electrolyzed water or to increase the amount of oxygen dissolved in water. Method (2) is designed for fine splitting of a water cluster. In the scope of the present invention also includes the activation of water by using a combination of methods, labeled (1) and (2).

In particular, in method (1)if the Yes or the aquatic environment may be omitted through the activating structure as substance - the object of the invention, an activated water can be successfully used as electrolyzed water (water with alkaline ion or strongly acidic water), as if it had been used in the traditional way (with respect to the preparation of electrolyzed water, see column apparatus for activated water, which will be described below). In this case, unlike the conventional apparatus in which during electrolysis and the magnetised water is used a large amount of energy, water can be activated without using large amounts of energy.

On the other hand, in method (2) activating structure of the present invention is placed outside of the passage to the activation of water (water excitation) with the formation of a gap between the trigger area, formed by activating structures of the present invention. When water or aqueous medium is passed through the passage, a water cluster can be finely divided (excitation of water). The advantage of this method of activation of water is that the water cluster can be subtly broken without the introduction of water into contact with the activating section, while in a traditional way in order to subtly break the cluster of water used magnetic metal.

Activation of other substances

Along with the production of hydrogen and water activation, activating strukturanalyse of the invention can have a wide range of applications, such as the decomposition of ethylene, aggressive removal of odors type of cigarette smoke, removing harmful components from exhaust gases, such as gases emitted by automobiles or chimneys, changing the taste of alcoholic beverages such as wine.

In addition, when placing the activating structure of the present invention in the mixing line of the internal combustion engine using as the fuel a gasoline or diesel fuel is the activation of fuels such as gasoline or diesel fuel, which is the substance - the object of the present invention. This reduces the total number of hydrocarbon and improves fuel ratio.

In particular, according to the experiment of the inventor of the present application, when gaseous ethylene was passed as a fluid medium, which is the substance the object of the invention, through the activating structure (with focused energy in activating the structure and the gap between the activating structures)were observed to generate water. Thus, it was proved that the activating structure of the present invention can also be used in any fluid medium, which is not a liquid.

In particular, when the activating structure obtained by giving the activating structure of the present invention the spherical shape, are placed in the vertices of the x (right) triangle (or right) of the tetrahedron and gas, such as cigarette smoke or gaseous ethylene is passed through the gap, the decomposition gas. For this reason, the activating structure formed as described above can be effectively used in the apparatus for removing corrosive smell (cigarette smoke) in the home or in the car, or in the device to preserve the freshness of fruit and vegetables in the refrigerator, etc.

Along with this when installing the activating structure of the present invention in various ducts, such as furnaces, ovens and chemical plants, hazardous substances in ducts, such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide are also subject to decay.

In particular, we can assume that, when activating the areas formed by the activating structure of the present invention, in which there is a place with a focused high energy, and when they are located at the vertices (right) triangle (or right) of the tetrahedron, the same place with a focused energy will appear in the gap between or among the activating sites.

If activating the areas formed by the activating structure of the present invention in the form of a ring, you can put that in the gap formed countless right triangles. Thus, this arrangement activating section is also included in the scope for the present invention.

Activating structure in accordance with the present invention, showing, as described above, excellent effects, reports the substance passing through the particles formed a specific item, or in the particles, high energy, and activating structure in accordance with the present invention, showing excellent effects can be organized similarly to the catalyst forming apparatus for activating substances.

Option 1 unit

Option activating plate structure and activating designs

For example, in the case of lamellar activating structure of the activating structure of the present invention is placed as a reagent in the form of a fluidized bed, as is commonly accepted in the field of catalysts or as shown in Fig.7, the activating structure P of the present invention is placed as a reagent in a container having an inlet and outlet, thus forming a reactor R fluidized bed, and passed through the reagent or leave it gaseous or liquid substance as the substance of the object of the invention, in which the substance is activated.

The activating structure of the present invention, such as the one that formed as shown in figure 5(a) to 5(f), can also activate substance in a fixed bed, the AK traditional catalyst particles, or condition of the fluidized bed, as shown in Fig.7.

In the case where the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention is formed of fixed bed or fluidized bed, when there is a mechanism for creating turbulent flow (not shown) for generating a turbulent flow of the substance, the surface contact of the substance with the activating structure or trigger design, shown in figure 5(a) to 5(f), i.e. the probability that the processed substance is in a place with a focused energy or passes through the place with a focused energy activating plate patterns (designs)increases, which creates a much more efficient activation of the substance.

As is well known in practice, the scope of the invention also includes pre-processing the processed substances, for example, trigger design, shown in figure 5(a) to 5(f), with subsequent treatment of the activating structure with a more subtle form of particles compared to particles for pre-treatment, such as thinner trigger design, shown in figure 5(a) to 5(f), with the aim of significantly greater activation of the substance.

Option 2 device

Option activating plate structures: processing

An option gives the example of t the th, as the activating structure of the present invention, formed in a plate (plate activating structure), used in the apparatus for activating substances. Option is described below with reference to Fig-14.

Each of Fig-14 is a cross-section showing the apparatus for activating substances, which uses plate activating structure of the present invention to activate the mobile environment and have the additional heater.

As shown in Fig-14, the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention mainly consists of obrabotochka tank 2 for processing substances, which is activating plate structure or structure.

Apparatus for the activation of substances presented on Fig, is an apparatus for activating a substance having a basic configuration in which the liquid is treated as a material object of the invention plate activating structure of the present invention, where the apparatus 1 for the activation of substances presented on Fig(a), is one of the variants of the present invention, where the activating plate structures are located in obrabotochka tank 2 vertically; and apparatus for activation of substances presented on Fig(b), is a variant of this is bretania, where the activating plate patterns are obrabotochka tank 2 in such a way as to divide obrabotany tank 2 vertically. Shown in Fig(a) and Fig(b) devices are devices designed to generate gas in the activation process of the substance.

The apparatus 1 for the activation of substances presented on Fig(a)shows an example of the apparatus for activating substances, in which the plate activating structure of the present invention are arranged along the longitudinal direction of the activating structures in cross-section, and the substance passes through or is in a place with a focused energy activating patterns for activating substances. On the other hand, the apparatus for activating substances presented on Fig(b)shows an example of the apparatus for activating substances, in which the plate activating structure of the present invention are in the position in which the substance is passed inside the activating structure in the longitudinal direction of the cross section and the substance passes through or is in a place with a focused energy activating patterns, resulting substance is activated.

The vertical location

The apparatus 1 for the activation of substances presented on Fig(a)has such a configuration, in which m is these activating plate structures I of the present invention (I-shape) are arranged in parallel. Obrabotany tank 2 has an output for gas 3, for example, in the case when activation of the fluid is accompanied by withdrawal of gas. For example, when the quality of the processed sample liquid use water, which is activated in place with a focused energy activating plate structures I to generating hydrogen-containing gas, water, entering at first place with a focused energy plate activating structure I, is activated, generating gas. The generated gas does not remain in the place with focused energy, and goes up in the form of a bubble. This results in a convection processed substances, as shown by the arrow on Fig(a). When fluid convection and bubble formed by the activation fluid lamellar activating structure I, does not remain in the place with a focused energy activating structure I for a long period of time, and quickly emerges.

As described above, the apparatus for activating a substance configured in such a way that the plate activating structure of the present invention are arranged along the longitudinal direction of the activating structures in cross-section, and the substance passes through or is in a place with a focused energy activating patterns for activating substance, and this liquid is as matter - the object of the invention can be effectively activated.

Vertical separation

On the other hand, the apparatus 1a for activation of substances presented on Fig(b), has such a configuration, in which obrabotany tank 2 is divided vertically activating plate structure.

For vertical separation obrabotochka tank 2 plate activating structure the simplest configuration is where one plate activating structure I is parallel to the bottom surface obrabotochka tank 2 to the separation tank 2 (not shown). From the point of view of fluid convection, preferably one plate activating structure shared the tank vertically, and the other plate activating structure was located in a vertical direction relative to obrabotochka tank 2.

The apparatus 1A for activation of substances presented on Fig(b), is configured such that the activating plate structure is located inside obrabotochka tank 2 so as to divide vertically obrabotany tank 2, and is oriented in a vertical direction with respect to obrabotochka tank 2. In particular, the apparatus 1a for activation of substances presented on Fig(b), has such a configuration is that a horizontal surface obrabotochka tank 2 is interrupted activating plate structure of the S-type, or a combination of plate activating structure I-type, plate the activating structure of the L-type plate and the activating structure of the U-type (with respect to the activating structure in such apparatus for activating substances in General, will continue to apply the term: activating structure S).

Like the apparatus 1 for the activation of substances presented on Fig(a), the I for the activation of substances presented on Fig(b), has such a configuration, in which many of the activating plate structures I of the present invention (I-shape) are arranged in parallel. Obrabotany tank 2 has an output for gas 3, for example, in the case when activation of the fluid is accompanied by withdrawal of gas. For example, when the quality of treated liquid use water, which is activated in place with a focused energy activating plate structures S with generation of hydrogen-rich gas, water, entering at first place with a focused energy activating plate structure S is activated, generating gas. The generated gas does not remain in the place with focused energy, and POPs up in the form of a bubble. This results in a convection processed substances, as shown in Fig(b) of the arrow.

Since the activating structure S cuts the vertical direction obrabotochka tank 2, the bubbles formed during the por is activated substances, always go through the activating structure S and then emerge. This configuration increases the likelihood that fluid will enter as a material object of the invention in place with a focused energy of the activating structure of S, increasing the activation speed (speed of response).

Used option 1: heat activating patterns

Preferred variants of the device for activation of substances having the above configuration are described below with reference to Fig.9-16. In the description of the applicable options on descriptions that are applicable to the apparatus 1 for the activation of substances presented on Fig(a), and to the apparatus 1A for activation of substances presented on Fig(b), will be mainly described variants of the device 1 to activate the substances presented on Fig(a)and the corresponding options for the device 1A for the activation of substances presented on Fig(b), shall be omitted.

Apparatus 1C to the activation of substances presented on Fig.9, is a device for activating substances, in which convection substances cause force using heating substances. This apparatus 1C to the activation of substances presented on Fig.9, as applicable to the apparatus 1 for the activation of substances presented on Fig(a), where the plate activating structure I are about autochem the tank 2 in a vertical direction, and to the apparatus 1A for activation of substances presented on Fig(b), which are placed activating plate structure S in such a way that it divides obrabotany tank 2 vertically. In particular, while in the devices 1 and 1A for the activation of substances presented on Fig(a) and Fig(b), the convection of the substance occurs due to generation of gas, followed by activation of the substance of the so-called spontaneous way, this device directly produces convection by heating the plate-activating substances (substances).

Apparatus 1C for activating substances, presented in figure 9, consists of obrabotochka tank 2, which are parallel many of the activating plate structures I, and heating elements 4, which are located at intervals between the trigger plate structures I. the Number plate activating structures I and the number of heating elements 4 is not significantly limited and can be selected optionally depending on the nature of the processed substances, volume obrabotochka tank 2 and any other factors.

With this configuration, the radiation heat from the heating elements, which are elements 4, is transferred to the substance, which is near the elements is in the liquid state, resulting occur in the t convection substances. After this, when convection occurs, it means that the substance has passed through the place with a focused energy (not shown) activating plate structures I, accelerating the activation of a substance.

Examples of the heating plate activating patterns such heaters are presented on Fig and 16.

In particular, Fig is a General view showing an example where the plate activating structure of the present invention is directly heated, and Fig is a General view showing another example where the plate activating structure of the present invention directly heated.

The heater 4 provided on Fig configured so that heterogeneous conductive metal cover plate activating structure I and plate activating structure I with the cover attached, the potential difference from the power source PS to heat the plate trigger patterns. The thickness of the heterogeneous conductive metal coating is chosen properly, in which the activating structure of the present invention is not affected and, for example, ranging from 3 to 5 μm is Shown that the most effective is partial coverage.

The heaters 4, presented at Fig, can be with enemy for all activating plate structures, for example, for a 5 plate activating structures presented on Fig.9, or may be applied to part of the activating plate structures, for example for each second plate trigger patterns. The same is the case when a large number depicted on Fig heaters 4. All plate activating structure I are connected in parallel or in series with the conductors for the application of a potential difference from one power source. Alternatively, the plate activating structure I is connected to separate power sources.

In this configuration, the potential difference from the power source or power sources can be adjusted to facilitate controlling the degree of heating plate activating structures I. Thus, this configuration allows you to adjust the speed of the activating substance. The speed regulation of the activation of a substance is the object of the invention is easier than the regulation speed devices 1 and 1a for activating substances, where the convection of the substance is carried out spontaneously.

Shown in Fig heater 4 is of such a configuration, in which the heating elements (ne) are located between the trigger plate structures I.

It is essential that these heating elements ne were porous and, to the substance effectively passed through a place with a focused energy activating plate structure I. These porous heating elements ne can be selected from the heating elements, which are well known in the form of various ceramic heating elements.

Since the convection of the substance can be controlled by controlling the degree of heating of the heating elements, it is possible to adjust the speed of activation of the substance. To adjust the speed of the activating substance is easier than to regulate the activation speed of the substance in the apparatus 1 and 1a for activating substances, where the convection of the substance occurs spontaneously.

The heaters 4, presented at Fig and 16, can the same effect be used for activating plate structures in the case of activating plate structures S in the apparatus 1A for activation of substances presented on Fig(b), in a similar configuration.

Used option 2: indirect heating plate activating patterns

Apparatus for activating substances, presented in figure 10, consists of obrabotochka tank 2, in which is placed a plate activating structure I (S) and the heater 4, which heats the outside substance in obrabotochka tank 2.

Apparatus 1d for activating substances, presented in figure 10(a), is a VA is int, in which the heater 4 is in contact with obrabotoni reservoir 2. In addition to that shown in this figure, the configuration of the heater or heaters may come into contact with the side surfaces (surfaces) obrabotochka tank 2. Alternatively can be used by the heater 4 in the form of a tube for heating environment, covering the entire surface obrabotochka tank 2. Apparatus 1E for activating substances, presented in figure 10(b), is configured so that the external heater, which heater is 4, is assembled together with (combined with) obrabotoni reservoir 2. This configuration is similar to the method by which the water in the tub heated with a special gas heater.

Unlike apparatus 1C to the activation of substances presented on Fig.9, the apparatus 1d and 1E for activating substances, depicted in figure 10, operate on the principle in which the substance is heated in such a way that they indirectly heated plate activating structure I. Similar to the apparatus 1 for the activation of substances presented on Fig.9, this configuration causes convection of the substance inside obrabotochka tank 2. Due to the convection of the substance increases the likelihood that the processed substance will pass through the place with a focused energy in the plate is activating structures I, accelerating the activation of a substance.

Because convection can be controlled by regulating the degree of heating of the heating element, the activation speed of the substance can be easily adjusted similarly to the options shown on Fig.9.

Used option 3: vertical movement of the activating structure

Apparatus 1f for activating substances represented by figure 11, is an apparatus for activating a substance having such a configuration, in which changing the relative disposition activating structure I (S) and the surface of the liquid as a material object of the invention, processed and obrabotochka the tank 2. When changing the relative positions of the plate trigger patterns and the surface of the liquid, as described above, changing the surface of the contact plate activating structure I with the liquid in the quality of the processed substances object of the invention. In particular, in the apparatus for adjusting the speed of activation changes the reaction volume.

This type of apparatus as it is a rough division can take two configurations. In particular, 11(a) shows the apparatus 1f for activating substances of this type, in which the outer tank 5 is combined with obrabotoni tank 2, and the liquid surface of a substance varies with NR the community tank 5. In the apparatus 1f for activating substances, depicted figure 11(a), the outer tank 5 changes the amount (volume) of the liquid inside obrabotochka tank 2 through the device for controlling the amount of liquid (for example, a valve that regulates the amount of fluid) (not shown). When the amount of fluid varies, as described above, accordingly the surface of the contact plate activating structure I with a liquid, which is processed by the liquid - object of the invention. For this reason, changing the absolute amount of fluid being processed substance is the object of the invention, a part of the place with a focused energy (not shown) in plate activating structure.

Unlike apparatus 1f for activation of substances presented figure 11(a), the apparatus 1g for activating substances, depicted figure 11(b), is configured in such a way that the plate activating structure I moved straight in a vertical direction through a vertically moving device 5', changing the area of the plate activating structure I, in contact with the liquid in the quality of the processed substances object of the invention. Similarly apparatus 1f for activation of substances presented figure 11(a), this device has such a configuration in which the output of the reaction is AI regulate the change of the surface contact plate activating structure I and liquid.

As shown in figure 11(a) and 11(b), when the relative surface contact plate activating structure I and the fluid in the quality of the processed substances object of the invention is configured with the ability to change, creates the advantage that the activation of substances can completely stop separating plate activating structure I from the liquid being processed substance is the object of the invention.

Apparatus 1h-1j for activating substances, depicted on Fig - Fig(b)represent the apparatus for activating substances, which has a circulation device which circulates the liquid in the quality of the processed substances object of the invention, for the forced circulation of the liquid in the quality of the processed substances object of the invention.

Apparatus for 1h activation of substances presented on Fig, has the configuration of the device for activation of substances presented on Fig, and, in addition, includes the circulation device, placed on the side surface obrabotochka tank 2.

In a variant of the apparatus for 1h activation of substances presented on Fig, the circulation device, for example, consists of the circulation pump 7Đ, sign 7in for processed substances and exit 7out for processed substances. When such a configuration is AI, as shown by the arrow on Fig processed substance, going through the 7in located in the lower portion of the side surface obrabotochka tank 2, is pumped by the circulation pump 7Đ and is then output through the output 7out, located in the upper part of the side surface obrabotochka tank 2, at a given flow rate.

Forced convection of the substance occurs due to the flow of the material object of the invention created by the circulation device. The degree of convection can be regulated by the speed of the pump circulation pump 7Đ and thus, if necessary, it is possible to adjust the degree of activation of the treated substance.

Apparatus for the activation of substances presented on Fig(a) and Fig(b), configure so that the pump 7Đ, which is the main component of the circulation device is located on the bottom surface obrabotochka tank 2. In the apparatus 1i for activating substances, depicted on Fig(a), the output 7out for the processed substance is located on the bottom surface obrabotochka tank 2, and the apparatus 1j for activating substances, depicted on Fig(b), the output 7out representing an outlet for the treated substance is located on the upper side of the side surface obrabotochka tank 2.

In the apparatus 1i DL is activated substances, depicted on Fig(a), the pump 7Đ is located in the Central part of the bottom surface obrabotochka tank 2 and multiple outputs 7out are located around the pump 7Đ. In this configuration, the mobile medium as a processed substance of the object of the invention pumped by pump 7Đ uniformly distributed inside obrabotochka tank 2.

In the apparatus 1j for activating substances, depicted on Fig(b), the pump 7Đ placed in the Central part of the bottom surface obrabotochka tank 2, and the apparatus has at least one output 7out for the processing of the substance, which is located in the specified portion of the side surface obrabotochka tank 2, i.e. that part which is above the boundary surface of the treated substance. With this configuration, the mobile environment, which is the processed substance is the object of the invention is pumped up by the pump 7Đ with a given volumetric rate order flowing from the output 7out located in the upper portion of the boundary surface of the processed substances, resulting in a mobile environment stems from obrabotochka tank 2. Similarly, the apparatus 1i for activating substances, depicted on Fig(a), the mobile environment, which is the processed substance is the object of the invention is pumped by pump 7Đ uniformly distributed inside obrabotochka is eservoir 2 in the apparatus 1j for activating substances, depicted on Fig(b).

In the apparatus 1i and 1j for activation of substances presented on Fig(a) and Fig(b), where the pump 7Đ, which is circulating device, installed on the bottom obrabotochka tank 2, the amount of substance flow can be adjusted by the pump 7Đ, by adjusting the speed of activation of the substance and adjusting the speed of activation of the substance.

In particular, the apparatus 1i and 1j for activation of substances presented on Fig(a) and Fig(b), where the pump 7Đ, which is circulating device, installed on the bottom obrabotochka tank 2, is applicable to apparatus 1A for activation of substances having the basic configuration shown in Fig(b), i.e. apparatus for activating substances, in which the processed substance intersects the interior of the activating structure of S and activated.

The device 1k for the activation of substances presented on Fig has the same configuration as the apparatus 1 for activating substances, depicted on Fig (device 1 to activate substances), which has an oscillating elements placed in parallel in the vertical direction of the plate activating structure I (plate activating patterns S).

When installing the oscillating element 8 and the excitation of vibrations in a plate activating structure I using the oscillating element 8 material found IU the DN of the corresponding plate activating structure I, where were excited oscillations, and the activating structure I about the respective plate activating structure I, may be effectively directed to the place with a focused energy activating plate structures I, the result can be efficiently carried out activation processed substances. In particular, the substance inside the plate activating structures I and bubbles formed during processing, can be brought out.

Were described variants of the device for activating substances, where the processed substance is a liquid, with links to Fig-14. Combinations of these methods are also within the present invention. In particular, for example, you can enter the heater 4 and the circulation device in the apparatus for activating a substance having the basic configuration shown on Fig.

You may also enter the activating plate structure or the activating structure having a defined shape, as shown in Fig and 13, in the lower part or the upper part obrabotochka reservoir 2 in the form of a fluidized bed.

Apparatus for activating substances, equipped as described above, can be effectively used as a hydrogen generator and apparatus for treatment of water, which will be fully described below.

Handset: clicks the processing gas

Below are described with reference to Fig ways apparatus for processing gas in the quality of the processed substances object of the invention using activating structure in accordance with the present invention.

Fig(a) - Fig(a) are drawings showing another variant of the apparatus for activating substances in accordance with the present invention, where Fig(a) is a cross-section of the apparatus for activating substances in accordance with the present invention, and Fig(b) - Fig(d) are schematic views each of which shows an example of filling the activating structures of the device on Fig(a).

As shown in Fig(a), the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention to enable gas as a material object of the invention has such a configuration, in which the body 9 of the apparatus for activating a substance having input for gas (in) and output for gas (out)filled with the activating section 10 consisting of the activating structure of the present invention.

Gas as a material object of the invention, such as exhaust gas or ethylene, passes through a gas input (in) in the body 9 of the apparatus for activating substances with a given volumetric rate. Gas included in the body 9 of the apparatus for activating substances, then skipped through the activating part is OK 10, consisting of the activating structure of the present invention. During its passage through the activating section 10 gas, which is the test substance passes through the place with a focused energy in the trigger section 10. The gas, which is the test substance, activated by a place with a focused energy and then exits through the gas outlet (out).

The activation gas in the framework of the present invention includes, for example, the conversion of the oxygen in the oxygen ion and the decomposition of harmful substances, such as ethylene and carbon dioxide, into harmless substances.

The body 9 of the apparatus for activating substances may take any form depending on the anticipated applications, for example, decomposition of harmful gases in the chimney and the reduction of carbon monoxide in the exhaust gas of the vehicle. In particular, in the case where the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention is applied to decompose the harmful gas in the duct, the duct may comprise a body 9 of the apparatus for activating substances. In the case where the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention is used to reduce carbon dioxide in the exhaust gas of a vehicle, the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention can be, for example, placed in swakop glashaus part of the muffler of the engine.

Thus, the duct and silencer of the engine, in which to place the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention, form the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention.

On the body 9 of the apparatus for activating substances in its first version can be installed filter (not shown) for removal of contaminants such as dust and dirt. In addition, the activating section 10 can be mounted on the body 9 of the apparatus for activating substances in the form of removable parts.

Activating structure in accordance with the present invention, filled with an activating section 10 of the body 9 of the apparatus for activating substances or placed on it, in particular, the activating section 10 may take any form depending on the anticipated applications. Specific examples of the location of the activating structure on the activating section 10 of the apparatus for activating substances in accordance with the present invention, in the case of activation of the gas, which is processed substance listed on Fig(b) - Fig(d).

Activating section 10, is depicted in Fig(b)represents the activating structure, completed in cellular form, for example, when the above-described sintering. Cell catalyst having a configuration similar to the configuration activating article shall ucture, made in the form of a honeycomb is used as a catalyst for the activation gas in various fields. Being educated in a cellular configuration, the activating structure of the present invention may be regarded as a cell catalyst. In particular, cell-activating section 10 suitable for activation of the gas flowing through the trigger area 10 at a relatively high flow rate. Inside cell activating section 10 may be a substance that promotes activation of the substance, such as a well-known catalyst and activated carbon. Naturally, in addition to or instead of the catalyst particles, activated carbon, etc. can be entered with the form of particles activating structure or activating structure in accordance with the present invention.

Activating section 10, is depicted in Fig(C)consists of at least one activating structure of the present invention (Fig(C) there are three trigger patterns), entered into the inner surface of the wall of the body 9 of the apparatus for activating substances. As is well known in the art, the porosity of the activating structure from the gas input (in) to the gas output (out) may gradually change from coarse to dense. In addition, like activating section 10, is depicted in Fig(b), between the Plaza is intoi activating structure I can be entered activating structure in the form of particles or activating structure in the form of particles in accordance with the present invention or the catalyst particles, activated carbon, etc.

Activating section 10, is depicted in Fig(C), is a variant, which is directly incorporated activating structure in the form of particles or activating structure in the form of particles in accordance with the present invention. This configuration activates patterns can produce similar effects (as a form of particles or as activating design).

In addition, when the activating structure of the present invention is placed inside the refrigerator, it is possible to decompose the gaseous ethylene (hormone aging), generated in the process of maturation (perezrevaniya) vegetables and fruits. This means that the activating structure of the present invention can be used as an agent for preserving freshness.

Turbulence

When the input (in) for a processed substance creates a mechanism for generating turbulent flow (not shown), this results in a turbulent flow of the treated substance (liquid or gas)to effectively activate the processed substance.

The mechanism for generating turbulent flow in the area of catalysis is well known. For example, when the inside of the pipeline are ledges, rails processed substance, at the moment of contact of the liquid with the tabs occurs n the current spiral. When the spiral flow of the treated substance collides with the activating structure of the present invention, the processed substance diffuses and passes through the point with focused energy.

The separation gas

The gas generated by the apparatus for activating a substance (gas generator) in accordance with the present invention, can be optionally divided and assembled using well known in the art method.

For example, water, which is the object of the invention, activated by the apparatus for activating substances (gas generator) in accordance with the present invention, receiving a mixed gas containing hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen (see example 1 and the like, which will be described below). In the case when the resulting mixed gas is separated into hydrogen and other components of the gas (mixed gas containing oxygen and nitrogen)may be used in gas separation apparatus separating gas components by the difference in the specific gravity of the gas components (because hydrogen is lighter than other gas components, it can be collected in the form of the upper component), the machine that separates the gas through the membrane and any other devices.

For the separation of gas can be also used layer absorbing agent or absorbent, such as silica, alumina and activated carbon.

<> Thus, the present invention claims the device, which is a gas generator that selectively separates a specific gas with obtaining, for example, hydrogen.

The system generating hydrogen

On Fig shows a variant in which the apparatus for activating a substance consisting of an activating structure in accordance with the present invention, applied to a system generating hydrogen.

In this case, in an apparatus for activating substances can be used any apparatus for the activation of substances (gas generators), presented at Fig-18.

When as an example of the processed substances object of the invention water is used, it should be noted that water, hydrocarbon, etc. show similar effects.

(1) Initially, the valves V1, V2 and V3 are opened, allowing water flows through the valve V1 to create a small line of water circulation. For water circulation pump is switched on 11. Valves V4 and V5 are in the open position, and the valve V3 is closed.

(2) Water circulates in a large circulation line including the heater 12, the device 1 to activate the processed substances, electrolysis tank 13, a gas-liquid separator 14, the valve V5, the valve V2, the circulation pump 11 and the valve V4.

(3) includes the heater 12. The reason why the water heated by the use of the heater, is to further accelerate the activation of water as the object of the invention. Instead of the heater 12 in the apparatus for activating a substance shown in figure 9 or figure 10, it is possible, for example, to use the heating device 4.

When water is passed through the apparatus 1 for activating substances in accordance with the present invention, water is an energy in place with a focused energy in a plate activating structure I(S), causing the water is activated.

(4) Included electrolysis tank 13. In the electrolysis of water is generated gas.

In this case, water is heated by the heater 12 (heating device 4) and the water molecules are more activated by the apparatus 1 for activating substances, resulting in water electrolysis in the electrolysis tank 13 is accelerated, increasing the amount of hydrogen generated per unit of electric current.

(5) the Liquid containing bubbles coming out of the electrolysis tank 13, enters the gas-liquid separator 14, in which the bubbles are selectively separated from the containing vesicle fluid.

(6) Bubbles, separated in a gas-liquid separator 14, is treated using a membrane separator 15, containing well known in the art permeable to hydrogen membrane (e.g., permeable to hydrogen membrane, which can be floor is Chen from the company MONSAMTO CO., LTD under the trade name "prism separator"). In particular, by passing the vesicles through permeable to hydrogen membrane hydrogen passes through the membrane and is collected as product, while the oxygen-containing gas, which cannot pass through permeable to hydrogen membrane, is released into the atmosphere as such.

(7) on the other hand, the liquid separated using a gas-liquid separator 14, strenuously circulates in the system using vagocirculatory pump 11.

(8) the Number subjected to electrolysis and consumed water is filled through the valve V1 additional water.

In that case, when the activity of the apparatus 1 for activating substances in accordance with the present invention is high enough, electrolysis tank 3 can be excluded. The alternative in this case may also be a serial enter one of the device 1 to activate the substances in accordance with the present invention.

Constructed as described above generating hydrogen system can be satisfactorily applied in different energy generators (including the internal combustion engine and external combustion engine), in particular in the power generator of the vehicle.

Activation of water: electrolysis

Electrolysis of water can be carried out using water or elektrolyten the th water on the device to activate the processed substances, depicted on Fig.

In this case, since water can be activated even if the electric current in contrast to the traditional way is passed through the cathode and the anode, the amount of energy absorbed can be reduced. Electrolyzed water can be obtained with just a simple design, in which the activating structure of the present invention placed inside the container.

Electrolyzed water prepared by using the above-described apparatus for activating substances in accordance with the present invention can be widely used in various technological processes.

Water activation: excitation

The apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention can be used for the manufacture of the device to activate water to thin split water clusters.

Fig(a) is a General view showing a variant in which the apparatus for activating a substance according to the present invention is used for fine splitting of water clusters, and Fig(b) - Fig(d) are cross sections Fig(a) along the line A-A.

As shown in Fig(a), the apparatus for activating substances in this embodiment consists of a body 21 of the apparatus for activating a substance having input (in) for water and output (out) for water. In addition, activating teaching the current 22, comprising at least one activating structure of the present invention, is located outside the housing 21 of the device for activating substances.

Activating section 22 may take any form, for example as shown in Fig(b) - Fig(d). In particular, as shown in Fig(b), the activating section 22 may be configured so that the entire outer circumference of the body 21 of the apparatus for activating substances covered by activating structure (trigger design in the form of particles or plate-activating structure); as shown in Fig(C), the activating section 22 may have such a shape that a part of the outer circumference of the body 21 of the apparatus for activating substances covered by activating structure (trigger design in the form of particles or plate-activating structure); or, as shown in Fig(d), the activating section 22 may have such a way that the plate trigger patterns are arranged with an interval. In the case when the plate trigger patterns are arranged with an interval, activating plate structures are located mainly in such a way that the cross section of the plate activating structures of the form (right) triangle.

Activating section 22 can be performed in a manner that completely covers the body of the device in the longitudinal direction is AI, or can consist of multiple activating sections 22, as shown in Fig(a).

When such above-described configuration, unlike the conventional apparatus in which the magnet is used as the water clusters can be subtly broken without contact of the water with a magnetic metal, which is formed of magnetic metal oxides and chlorides cannot be dissolved in water. In addition, since the trigger area, consisting of the activating structure of the present invention, placed on the outside, easier maintenance of the device.

As described above, the activating structure of the present invention can be used to activate a wide range of substances, using a simple configuration. Designed apparatus for the activation of the processed substances can be used to activate a wide range of substances without significant supply of energy.

EXAMPLES

Further, the present invention is described on the basis of working examples, but it should make the caveat that the present invention is not limited to these examples.

EXAMPLE 1

This example was carried out in a place protected from sunlight and direct contact room lighting.

In this example, the silicon 98,0%purity was used for the preparation of spherical particles in the region have the diameter from 5 to 80 μ m (the maximum diameter of 150 μm), with gazorazdelitelnogo method, after which 100 cm3the obtained particles (P1) were laminated in a conical flask with a volume of 300 cm3with the formation of a hydrogen generator containing the activating structure of the present invention, as shown in Fig.

In the hydrogen generator 100 conical flask 102, which was placed on the heating plate 101 and which were entered particles P, gas-tight connected with the team, with a capacity of 105 for collecting gas, placed in a water tank 103, which was filled with gas and ice water through the inlet 106. The reason that the water tank is filled with gas with ice water, due to the fact that the thread was previously condensed in the bath 103 so that the internal pressure of the team capacity 105 after removing it from the water tank 103 was lower than the room pressure, while the temperature in the water tank 103 support equal to 10°With or below.

Since it was confirmed that the gas inside the team's capacity can be separated due to the difference in specific gravity, in a team capacity entered the tip 107 for thorough mixing of the contents before gas chromatographic analysis.

Further, purified water (92° (C) enter into a conical shape 102 in such quantity that the team tank 105 to the tip displacement 164 cm3 was filled with purified water, while the hydrogen generator (system) remains at this temperature, and the generated gas is collected in a team capacity 105. Gas chromatography of the collected gas showed that the gas is at 78% of gaseous hydrogen, 5% vol. of gaseous oxygen and 17% vol. of nitrogen gas.

EXAMPLE 2

The experiment was performed as in example 1 except that the purified gas was kept at a temperature of 50 and 90°s, respectively. In the result, it was found that the amount of gas generated during the 50°is 28 cm3/h and the amount of gas generated during the 90°C, equal to 56 cm3/H. This experiment showed that the rate of decomposition of water at 90°With accelerated compared with the rate of decomposition of water at 50°C.

Similarly, gas chromatography of the collected gas showed that the gas is at 78% of gaseous hydrogen, 5% vol. of gaseous oxygen and 17% vol. of nitrogen gas.

EXAMPLES 3-4

Example 1 was repeated except that the amount of the activating structure was 75 cm3the temperature of the purified water was equal to 90 or 99°and the particle size of the activating structure was as shown in table 2. Table 2 shows the number of generated gas.

Table 2
Example No.Particle diameter d, μmTemperature, °The amount of generated gas, cm3/10 min
3d<32904,3
4d<32996.6
532<d<52903,6
632<d<52995,0
752<d<75902,8
852<d<75993,6
975<d<180900,5
1075<d<180991,0

The results in table 2 show that examples with the same temperature at a smaller size, form activating structure of the particles, the amount of generated gas is much larger, which indicates a high activity.

The result of numerous experiments was also, although the reason is not clear, and that has been the generation of gaseous nitrogen. The volume ratio of oxygen gas to gaseous nitrogen amounted to an amount equal to 1/about 3.4, indicating that obtained in the spirit, containing excess oxygen.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1

Operation similar to example 1, except that was used for comparative activating structure (PC), obtained using unordered particles shown in figure 2(b). Generating gas in this case is not observed.

EXAMPLE 15 AND COMPARATIVE EXAMPLES 2 AND 3

(activating plate structure)

Activating structure (P1)obtained in example 1 was subjected to anti-static treatment and sintered under the conditions shown in table 3, with reversion to the activating structure (T1) in accordance with the present invention.

Comparative patterns (TS and TC) were obtained in the same way as in example 15, except that there had not been an antistatic treatment (comparative example 3). Comparative structure TS has a porosity close to the porosity of the structure T1, in accordance with the present invention and the comparative structure TS has a porosity of 60% or more.

The physical properties of the activating plate structures are given in table 3 and in figure 4(a) to 4(C).

The sintering temperature
Table 3
Conditions of receivingThe structure of T1Structure T2The structure of T3
1300°1300°1300°
The sintering time180 min180 min180 min
Pressure sintering25 MPa25 MPa25 MPa
Thickness, mm0,50,50,5
Length, mm202020
Width, mm505050
Porosity45-60%50-60%50-60%
The cross-sectional shapeFigure 4(a)Figure 4(b)Figure 4(C)
Place focus energyPresentNoNo

As is evident from the photographs in figure 4, the activating structure T1, prepared under the conditions of the present invention has between particles with focused energy, and comparative patterns TS and TS prepared under conditions different from the conditions of the present invention, i.e., not having between particles designated with focused energy, have little place with a focused energy.

Note that, when water activation was performed with use the of comparative structures TS and TS, generating any gas not watched.

EXAMPLE 16 (other activating patterns)

Example 1 was repeated using activating structures P2-P5. The result has observed the generation of hydrogen.

This indicates that the activating patterns, each of which consists of titanium, Nickel, samarium and fluoride carbon also show effects similar to those obtained with a structure composed of silicon.

Example 17 and comparative examples 5 and 6

Example 1 was repeated using the activating plate patterns T1 in accordance with the present invention and comparative structures TS and TS and apparatus depicted in Fig. As a result of this observed rapid evolution of gas in case of activating plate patterns T1 in accordance with the present invention, but did not observe the generation of gas in the case of comparative structures TS and TS.

EXAMPLE 18

Example 15 was repeated using liquids, named in the following table 4 for the purpose of monitoring the generation of gas (hydrogen). The conditions for generating gas were evaluated visually. This is a good generation marked "excellent", just generating a rating of "good" and weak generating or not generating a rating of "bad".

Table 4
The structure of T1Structure T2The structure of T3
Water (normal temperature)GoodBadBad
Sea waterPerfectlyBadBad
Water with alkaline ion*PerfectlyBadBad
Acidic water**BadBadBad
Methanol (polar solvent)PerfectlyBadBad
Gasoline (nonpolar solvent)GoodBadBad

From the given data one can conclude that the activating structure according to the present invention can activate different processed materials, such as aqueous solutions of electrolytes (sea water), organic polar solvents and nonpolar organic solvents.

On the contrary, in the case of comparative structures TS and TS no activation of the processed substances were not observed.

EXAMPLE 19 (comparison with the case of heating)

Example 15 was repeated using the activating plate patterns T1 in accordance with the present from what rutenium and apparatus depicted on figa. The result has seen the generation of gas in larger quantities in comparison with the case of using the apparatus depicted in Fig.

EXAMPLE 20

Example 15 was repeated using the activating plate patterns T1 in accordance with the present invention and of the apparatus depicted in FIGU. The result has seen the generation of gas in larger quantities in comparison with the case of using the apparatus depicted in Fig.

EXAMPLE 21

Example 15 was repeated using the activating plate patterns T1 in accordance with the present invention and of the apparatus shown figure 11. The result has seen the generation of gas in larger quantities in comparison with the case of using the apparatus depicted in Fig.

EXAMPLE 22

Example 15 was repeated using the activating plate patterns T1 in accordance with the present invention and of the apparatus depicted in Fig. The result has seen the generation of gas in larger quantities in comparison with the case of using the apparatus depicted in Fig.

EXAMPLE 23

Example 15 was repeated using the activating plate patterns T1 in accordance with the present invention and of the apparatus depicted in Fig. The result has seen the generation of gas in large the m number compared with the case of using the apparatus, depicted on Fig.

EXAMPLE 24

Example 15 was repeated using the activating plate patterns T1 in accordance with the present invention and of the apparatus depicted in Fig. The result has seen the generation of gas in larger quantities in comparison with the case of using the apparatus depicted in Fig.

Based on the results of examples 21-24 can be proven that the activation of substances can be accelerated by the installation of the heater (example 21), forced mixer (example 22) and vibrational element (example 23).

EXAMPLE 25 (Pre-treatment diesel fuel)

The example was performed to study the influence of the activating structure of the fuel. In particular, the powder prepared in example 1, molded with resin and then sformovat in the balls with a diameter of 20 mm Emission and the presence or absence of the effect for fuel, where four of the product have been placed around the fuel supply line at the first stage of the automobile engine or in the absence of product around the line, were confirmed using a running vehicle on the chassis dynamometer. As the fuel used light oil with a sulfur content of 50 h/million During the research, we used five flights at speeds of 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 km/h

In the result, it was recognized that activates article is ucture of the present invention is effective in reducing fuel consumption. It follows that the activating structure of the present invention can be successfully used to increase the fuel factor (increasing the octane number). Naturally, the activating structure of the present invention can be used to reduce air pollution.

EXAMPLES 26-28 (deodorization Effects: bench test)

In the vertices of a regular tetrahedron, with the size of each side equal to 70 mm, were placed activating structure in accordance with the present invention, molded in the form of spheres, or activating a structure in which the entered frame copper (example 26), and passed through the tetrahedron cigarette smoke. The presence or absence of a sharp odor was assessed with seven persons on a two-point scale. As a result, all seven members of the Commission noted the absence of a sharp odor.

Similarly, the vertices of a regular tetrahedron, each side of which is equal to 70 mm, were placed activating structure in accordance with the present invention, made in the form of spheres (example 27), or activating a structure in which the entered frame copper (example 26), and passed through the tetrahedron cigarette smoke. The presence or absence of a sharp odor was assessed with seven persons on a two-point scale. As a result, all seven members of the Commission noted the absence of a sharp odor.

Based on these results, it was proved, when cigarette smoke is passed between the activating structures in accordance with the present invention, the activating structures exhibit the effect of activation of the processed substances (i.e. decomposition of the smell of cigarette smoke).

EXAMPLE 29 (Activation of water)

Activation of water was performed using the apparatus presented on Fig. In particular, the activating structure of the present invention obtained in example 15, were placed around the channel having a diameter of 8 mm, as shown in Fig(a), and passed through the channel distilled water with a flow velocity of 0.5 m/s

On Fig presents ultraviolet spectra of water before and after treatment. Fig(a), which presents the UV spectra before treatment, does not reveal a significant peak. On the other hand, in the water after treatment, as shown in Fig(b), there is a significant absorption band in the region of 200 nm (to match the absorption bands at Fig(C) presents both overlapping one another spectrum).

From these results it follows that the activating structure of the present invention (apparatus for activating a substance) able to activate (excite) is water.

Industrial applicability

As described above, the present invention exhibits the following exceptional effects.

At the location of the particle, consisting in the main of one element selected from the group comprising silicon, titanium, Nickel and samarium, or carbon fluoride, in the position in which amplification of the energy of wave motion, the particles generated high energy and this energy can be activated by a wide range of substances. The activating structure of the present invention can be regarded as a traditional catalyst. The activating structure of the present invention can activate the processed substance even in dark conditions. For example, the activating structure of the present invention can be placed inside a light-tight casing forming apparatus for activation of the processed substances.

1. Activating structure containing particles, consisting mainly of one element selected from the group consisting of silicon, titanium, Nickel and samarium or carbon fluoride placed in the position in which amplification of the energy of wave motion inherent in each of the elements or carbon fluoride, to form between the particles designated with focused energy.

2. The activating structure according to claim 1, in which the particles are located at the apexes or corners of a triangle.

3. The activating structure according to claim 1, in which the particles have a spherical shape and laminated in a flat condition.

4. The activating structure of the Ura according to claim 2, in which the particles have a spherical shape and laminated in the form of a plate.

5. The activating structure according to claim 3, in which the ratio of length to width of the particles is not less than 0.3.

6. The activating structure according to claim 4, in which the ratio of length to width of the particles is not less than 0.3.

7. The activating structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, in which the particles have the shape of a plate.

8. The activating structure according to any one of claims 1 to 7, which is made in the form of a plate and has a porosity of 45 to 60%.

9. The activating structure according to any one of claims 1 to 8, which is made in the form of a plate, has a structure of the cross-section of type I-shape, L-shape, U-shape or M-shape.

10. The activating structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, in which the activating structure is made in the form of a star, disk, plate, having at least one pore, in a spherical shape, an oval shape, in the shape of a pumpkin or cellular form.

11. The activating structure according to any one of claims 7 to 10, which is formed by sintering particles.

12. The activating structure according to any one of claims 7-11, which is used for extraction of hydrogen from water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbon or mixtures thereof and receiving the selected hydrogen as a product.

13. The apparatus for activating a substance that contains a container to hold the trigger patterns and processed substances and a heater for heating asanoha substances, placed in the container so that the substance passes through or is together with focused energy activating patterns, and the activating structure according to claims 1 to 12 is introduced into the apparatus as a reagent for the activation of the treated substance.

14. The apparatus for activating a substance according to item 13, in which the activating structure is in the form of a fixed layer.

15. The apparatus for activating a substance according to item 13, in which the activating structure is in the form of a fluidized bed.

16. The apparatus for activating a substance according to item 13, which also contains a container with a circulating device for forced circulation of the substance.

17. The apparatus for activating a substance according to item 13 or 14, in which the container comprises a drive mechanism that moves in contact with the substance surface activating patterns in the vertical direction.

18. The apparatus for activating a substance according to item 13, in which there is also a mechanism for creating turbulence.

19. The apparatus for activating a substance according to item 13 or 15, in which there is also a mechanism for generating turbulent flow.

20. Apparatus for activation of the processed substances containing activating areas, consisting of the activating structure according to any one of claims 7 to 12, placed in such a way as to form a gap between the active areas, and the asset is the dominant substance by passing the substance through or premises of this substance in the gap.

21. Apparatus for activation of the processed substances according to claim 20, in which the activating structure contains many activating structures made of spherical shape, which are located at the apexes or corners of a triangle.

22. The gas generator containing a container for processing filled the activating structure according to claims 1 to 12 as a reagent and an activating substance by passing the substance through or premises of this substance together with focused energy to generate gas; and at least one activating structure according to any one of claims 7 to 9, placed in the container for processing in such a direction that the generated gas is moved upward.

23. The gas generator according to article 22, in which there is also a separator that separates the target gas generated from the gas and can be obtained as a commercial product.

24. The gas generator according to article 22, in which the container also includes a heater for heating these compounds.

25. The gas generator according to article 22, in which the container has a circulation device for forced circulation of the substance.

26. The gas generator according to article 22, in which the container also includes a drive mechanism that moves in contact with the substance surface activating patterns in the vertical direction.

27. The gas generator according to article 22, inwhich there is also a mechanism for generating a turbulent flow of the substance.

28. The gas generator according to any one of p-27, in which the substance is water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbon or a mixture that is passed through or placed in a plot with a focused energy activating structure in order to generate hydrogen.

29. The gas generator according to any one of p-27, in which the substance is water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbon or a mixture that is passed through or placed in a plot with a focused energy called the activating structure with the purpose of generating a mixed gas containing hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen.

30. The gas generator containing a container for processing filled activating structure, and the activating structure according to any one of claims 7 to 10, placed in the container for processing so that to divide the container vertically.

31. The gas generator according to item 30, in which there is also a separator that separates the target gas generated from the gas and can be obtained as a commercial product.

32. The gas generator according to item 30, in which the container contains a heater for heating the substance.

33. The gas generator according to item 30, in which the container includes a circulation device for forced circulation of the substance.

34. The gas generator according to item 30, in which the container comprises a drive mechanism that moves the contacting the substance surface activating patterns in the vertical direction.

35. The gas generator according to item 30, in which there is also a mechanism for generating a turbulent flow of the substance.

36. The gas generator according to any one of p-35, in which the substance is water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbon or a mixture that is passed through or placed in a plot with a focused energy activating structure with the purpose of generating a mixed gas containing hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen.

37. The gas generator according to any one of p-35, in which the substance is water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbon or a mixture that is passed through or placed in a plot with a focused energy activating structure in order to generate hydrogen.

38. Generating hydrogen system, which is used as a gas generator hydrogen p.

39. Generating hydrogen system § 38, which is used as a gas generator for p.

40. Generating hydrogen system § 38, which is used as a gas generator for p.

41. Generating hydrogen system § 38, which is used as a gas generator for PP-35.

42. The vehicle includes generating hydrogen system § 38.

43. Method for activating substances, characterized in that skip the processed substance is placed through or processed substance together with a focused energy activating p is ctory according to any one of claims 1 to 12 to activate the substance.

44. The activation method of the substances according to item 43, wherein the processed substance is a liquid fuel, and the activation of the fuel provides a reduction in the total number of hydrocarbon and increase the octane number.

45. The activation method of the substances according to item 43, wherein the processed substance is a gaseous ethylene from vegetables or fruits, which is decomposed with an activating structure with the goal of preserving the freshness of the vegetable or fruit.

46. The activation method of the substances according to item 43, wherein the processed substance is gaseous ethylene, which is a harmful gas which is decomposed with an activating structure.

47. The activation method of the substances according to item 43, wherein the processed substance is cigarette smoke, which is a harmful gas.

48. The activation method of the substances according to item 43, wherein when transmitting the processed substances through or put it together with a focused energy activating patterns generate hydrogen from water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbon or mixtures thereof and subsequent collection of selected hydrogen.

49. The activation method of the substances according to item 43, wherein the substance is hydrogen from water, hydrogen peroxide, water, hydrocarbon or mixtures thereof, and smesi the second gas, containing hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen is subjected to generation.

50. The activation method of the substances according to § 49, wherein the mixed gas is separated into hydrogen and a mixed gas containing oxygen and nitrogen.

51. Method of preparation of the activating structure, characterized in that it comprises the following stages:

(a) preparation of particles consisting mainly of one element selected from the group consisting of silicon, titanium, Nickel and samarium or carbon fluoride;

(b) an antistatic treatment of the particles obtained in stage (a);

(C) the location of the particles subjected to antistatic treatment in stage (b), in the position in which amplification of the energy of wave motion, followed by sintering.

52. Apparatus for cleaning the fuel, which put the activating structure according to any one of claims 1 to 12, placed inside the chimney.

53. The apparatus according to paragraph 52, characterized in that it is placed inside the chimney, which decompose the harmful gas.

54. Apparatus for preserving fresh vegetables or fruits, including the activating structure according to any one of claims 1 to 12.

55. Deodorizing apparatus containing the activating structure according to any one of claims 1 to 12.



 

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