Test site

FIELD: rocketry; a test site used for complex seminatural modeling analysis of operation of the air and space objects.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of rocketry and may be used at a complex seminatural model-based analysis of the air and space objects operation. The substance of the invention consists that the test site contains a guidance head, a dynamic stand of modeling of the a guidance head angular motion and the target radio-simulator, which is supplied with two platforms located on both sides of a semi-sphere with a mirror symmetry in respect to each other and pressed by the magnetic force to each other. The platforms are capable to move on the semi-sphere in any direction. The trajectory of the platforms motion is determined by a control unit of seminatural model-based analysis of operation of the guidance head. On the platform located on the inner side of the semi-sphere there is an emitter of a signal, which is emitting a signal directed to the side of the guidance head. So it imitates relocation of the target. The guidance head receives the emitted signal and using the dynamic stand of modeling of the guidance head angular motion conduct tracking of relocation of the emitter, which then is analyzed. Realization of the invention allows to decrease the labor input, materials consumption at manufacture of the test site, and also to simplify its operation.

EFFECT: the invention allows to decrease the labor input, materials consumption at manufacture of the test site, and also to simplify its operation.

1 dwg, 2 ex

 

The invention relates to the field of rocketry and can be used in complex scaled-down simulation of the operation of aircraft and space objects, in particular for dynamic testing of onboard control systems in automatic mode.

A device for automated ground control missile patent RU NO. 2231732, 7 F41G 7/00, 2003.11.11, including a guided missile with a homing head, automated test equipment, measuring device responses. The specified technical solution does not allow dynamic testing of onboard systems control of active and semi-active heads pointing.

Known test bench for patent RU NO. 2207485, 7 F 41 G 3/26, 2002.11.01 containing the head of guidance, reflective screen and radiometer goals, including the emitter signals. The reflective screen is installed before radioamatori targets that are the focus of the screen, and the head pointing offset of radiometer goals. This test bench is selected as a prototype.

The disadvantage of this test stand is the fact that the head is pointing offset of radiometer goals, so when you move the signal on the sphere changes the length of its passing after reflection to the receiver. Appears the I bias, you need to consider. The solution of the problem of accounting for systematic errors is complicated by the simultaneous work on multiple targets. Also, the field requires high precision machining. In addition, the test stand does not allow dynamic testing of flight control systems in automatic mode.

Thus, the proposed invention solves the problem by providing dynamic testing of onboard control systems for complex scaled-down simulation of the operation of aircraft and space objects in an automated mode, and accounting for systematic errors, which is complicated by the simultaneous work on multiple targets. In addition, the hemisphere does not require high precision machining and can be made of plastic segments.

Solving these problems is achieved by the fact that in the known test bench containing the head of guidance and radiometer goals, including the emitter signals, introduced a dynamic stand of angular movement of the head guidance and radiometer target further comprises sequentially connected to the control unit scaled-down simulation of the functioning head of the guidance, the input of which is connected to the output of the dynamic Billboard of angular movement of the head is pointing, block signaling platform management and determine its location, the block signals control the platform and determine its location and the drive platform two platforms, wheels platforms with drive and hemisphere, and the wheel platforms with actuator made of magnetic material, the hemisphere - from magnetoresitive material, and platforms are located on both sides of the hemisphere with mirror symmetry relative to each other and pinned magnetic attraction (e.g., magnetic wheels) to each other.

The essence of the invention lies in the fact that radiometer goal with two platforms on either side of the hemisphere with mirror symmetry relative to each other and pressed by magnetic attraction to each other. On the platform, located on the outer side of the hemisphere, installed in series connected unit receiving control signals platform and determine its location and the drive platform and the wheels of the platform. The platform is capable of movement in the hemisphere in any direction.

The drawing shows a structural scheme of the test bench.

Consider the example of a specific embodiment of the invention.

The proposed test bench contains dynamic stand playback ug the new movement of the head pointing 1, the guidance heads 2 and radiometer goal 3, which consists of two platforms 4, block signals control the platform and determine its location 5, the control unit scaled-down simulation of the functioning of the head guidance 6, block signaling platform management and determine its location 7, wheels platforms with the actuator 8, the emitter signals 9, drive platform 10 and the hemisphere 11.

The test stand operates as follows. The guidance heads 2, including real instrument flight control system and autopilot, set on dynamic bench of angular movement of the head guidance 1. Antenna head pointing 2 focus on radiometer goal 3. The emitter signals 9 emits a signal towards the head pointing 2 the simulation signal may have a different frequency, duty cycle, polarization and amplitude. The control unit scaled-down simulation of the functioning of the head guidance 6, which may be implemented, for example, by a personal computer or other electronic computing machines, will issue a command to control movement of the platform 4 on block signaling platform management and determine its location 7 in which is formed a control signal displace the receiving, which goes to block signals control the platform and determine its location 5, located on the platform 4 with the outer side of the hemisphere 11, and then on the drive platform 10, which moves the platform 4 with wheels platforms with the actuator 8. Thus, there is a moving platform 4, respectively, and the emitter signal 9 to the hemisphere 11 in two directions according to a given program, and possibly acceleration. Thus, the simulated moving target. The drawing shows three positions of the platform 4 a, b, C - top, center, bottom, respectively.

Head guidance 2 receives the radiated signal and using a dynamic stand of angular movement of the head guidance 1 is tracking guidance heads 2 move the emitter signals 9. Control over the movement of the platform 4 by using block signals control the platform and determine its location 5 and block signaling platform management and determine its location 7, the methods of implementation of these blocks 5 and 7, in particular determining the location of the platforms 4, known, see, for example, "Automatic electric industrial installations". Under obscured Gbvideo. - M.: RAAS, 2001, page 203-358. It is also possible implementation of these blocks on the principles of what we build is widely used in computer devices, the so-called optical "mouse". The review of such devices, for example, in Internet, http:// www. mycomp. com. ya/ 2003. The outputs of the dynamic Billboard of angular movement of the head pointing 1 to the input of the control unit scaled-down simulation of the functioning of the head guidance 6, implementing the feedback required in the analysis of the results of the test head pointing 2, including dynamic tests, see, for example, the previously mentioned book edited amended Gbvideo, str-305.

Test bench containing the head of guidance and radiometer goals, including the emitter signals, characterized in that the input dynamic stand of angular movement of the head guidance and radiometer target further comprises sequentially connected to the control unit scaled-down simulation of the functioning head of the guidance, the input of which is connected to the output of the dynamic Billboard of angular movement of the head pointing, block signaling platform management and determine its location, the block signals control the platform and determine its location and the drive platform two platforms, wheels platforms with drive and hemisphere, and the wheel platforms with actuator made of a magnetic Mat is Rial, hemisphere - from magnetoresitive material, and platforms are located on both sides of the hemisphere with mirror symmetry relative to each other and pressed by magnetic attraction to each other.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: testing equipment.

SUBSTANCE: system additionally has serially connected differentiator and amplifier. Amplifier output is connected to second control input of controlled limiting amplifiers, and differentiator input is connected to computer output.

EFFECT: higher precision.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: simulation technique for training flight personnel.

SUBSTANCE: proposed training complex includes combat trainer, aircraft simulators and integral system for objective monitoring and estimation of personnel training. Simulator has controls and display systems in trainee and instructor cabins, power plant and systems for starting and monitoring this plant, flight parameter sensors, onboard module of integrated monitoring system and integrated complex of onboard equipment. Integrated monitoring system includes automated working position for operator, equipment for its functioning, recording systems and systems for planning ground and flight training, estimation of level of training and analysis of condition of training equipment.

EFFECT: extended functional capabilities.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Attraction-trainer // 2250510

FIELD: training sportsmen and pilot personnel.

SUBSTANCE: proposed attraction-trainer includes rocker arm mounted on bearing bed plate and provided with counter-weight on one side and with dummy flying vehicle and electric motor on other side. Rocker arm is mounted for rotation around vertical axis and swinging around horizontal axis; it is provided with balancing mechanism. Dummy flying vehicle is made in form of cascade stabilizing helicopter mounted on rocker arm by means of articulation and provided with propelling device, main rotor for example, tail boom, stabilizer system mounted on transversal beam with synchronization mechanism, articulations of directional, longitudinal and lateral control; they are connected with directional control pedal and longitudinal and lateral control stick.

EFFECT: increased degree of freedom; extended range of flight modes.

12 dwg

Piloted simulator // 2249856

FIELD: aeronautical engineering; training flight personnel in maneuvering, performance of combat mission and higher aerobatics.

SUBSTANCE: proposed piloted simulator includes aircraft cabin equipped with indicators showing parameters of motion and power plant, sensors of control members and visualization system of aircraft spatial motion, computer system with two aircraft spatial motion modules, two modules of power plant dynamics, planning module with initial flight condition and assigned maneuver unit and control lever regulation law unit, assigned flight trajectory visualization module, module for estimation of quality of flight performed by pilot and monitor. Planning of flight is prepared in accordance with instructions for flight operation of aircraft; planning includes flight mission for performing the maneuver. In planning, altitude, speed, heading of flight and time of performing the assigned maneuver are indicated. Piloted simulator makes it possible to create "image" of flight, thus facilitating performance of assigned maneuver by pilot under real conditions.

EFFECT: enhanced accuracy of control and safety of flight.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: simulation of acoustic (noise) and vibration loads corresponding to real flight conditions during takeoff run, alighting run and flight at critical angle of attack and considerable clouds.

SUBSTANCE: proposed seat has base whose struts are mounted on shock-absorbing supports and vibration and noise exciting mechanisms. Base is made in form of truncated pyramid with rigid lateral walls and upper and lower flanges secured on base. Upper flange is made in form of rigid shield with smoothly distributed perforations; lower flange is provided with air intake hole. Vibration and noise exciting mechanisms are made in form of dynamic loudspeaker whose horn is directed towards upper flange and is made integral with separating diaphragm provided with central outlet hole; its inlet is connected with setting unit of computer complex. Upper flange and lateral walls of base may be covered with casing made from airtight material.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: training complexes including combat trainer and aircraft simulator.

SUBSTANCE: proposed objective monitoring system includes automated operator's working station and equipment connected with it for programmed functioning of operator's working station together with objective monitoring systems of aircraft simulator and combat trainer. Provision is also made for ground and flight training recording systems, system of analysis and estimation of degree of training which are connected with operator's working station. During operation of system, sequence of training on all training facilities and sequence of mastering of all missions in accordance with training program are checked. Preparedness of pilots for shift from one kind of training to another and to mastering more complex missions is estimated on basis of mastering previous missions forming data bank for pilots and trainees.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of acquiring flight skills; considerable reduction of training time.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: pilot training facilities.

SUBSTANCE: module mock-up of pilot cabin is provided with simulator modules of information presentation units and modules of control member simulators at working station of trainee. Instructor working station module is provided with information presentation units and control member simulator at instructor working station. Provision is also made for information presentation modules in space beyond cabin, modules realizing simulation of accelerating sensation, modules of objective monitoring system and simulation and control modules. Module unit of objective monitoring system is made in form of data preparation system connected to modules of computer system for analysis of pilotage; it includes parameter selection modules, flight mission interpretation modules, modules for determination of pilotage sections, separation of preset magnitudes of parameters, comparison of present parameters with preset ones, mission at sections of standard errors, detection of deviation from preset magnitudes of parameters, calculation of quantitative estimation and detection of typical pilotage errors.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of acquiring flight skills; reduction of training time.

8 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to aircraft simulator

The invention relates to the field of training of flight personnel management planes

The invention relates to the field of training of flight personnel management planes

Trainer for layers // 2247296

FIELD: training of layers, simulation of target selection at various remoteness from the layer in different conditions of illuminance on the background of the terrain.

SUBSTANCE: the trainer is made in the form of a small-sized simulator of a sight-laying instrument with a body, cover and two sight channels. Each channel has an ocular, block of lenses, mirror located in the body. A beam splitter in the form of a block of prisms, lens in a cell and a tube, in which a block of objective lenses collective lens with a reticule, objective lens are located and fastened, are located and fastened inside the instrument body on a common rack. The splitter and the tube make up the sight axis of the instrument beam. The lens in the cell with the reflected sight beam from the splitter make up a reference sight axis in parallel with the instrument sight axis. The optic axis passes through the sight axis and the reference sight axis. The rack is fastened to the body bottom and the cover.

EFFECT: enhanced skill of operation of the layer with a simultaneous control of data and target in the real conditions of terrain illuminance, as well as simplified construction of the trainer.

2 dwg

FIELD: means for training of fire from the small arms.

SUBSTANCE: sighting at the target of the trainee under the supervision of the trainer is accomplished with the aid of a training device. Used as a target is the eye of the trainer or trainer, which are located relative to each other at a distance of 40 to 60 cm and in the process of training switch the roles.

EFFECT: simplified and accelerated mastering of the elements of firing procedure.

2 dwg

The invention relates to the field of military equipment, in particular to a device for the preparation of the weapons tanks for combat use

The invention relates to equipment and can be used for education and training of shooters-the gunners

The invention relates to the military field, in particular to methods and means for training the firing of different types of firearms

The invention relates to small arms training simulators shooting without the use of ammunition

The invention relates to means learning the firing of small arms without the use of live ammunition and can be used for training shooting from different weapons in conditions of indoor and field conditions

Trainer // 2208214
The invention relates to a training funds, in particular, to develop skills in the use of portable anti-aircraft missiles, rocket-propelled grenades and anti-tank guided missiles

Test bench // 2207486
The invention relates to test equipment and is designed to test control systems for spacecraft

Test bench // 2207485
The invention relates to test equipment and is designed for comprehensive testing of the control system aircraft objects

FIELD: means for training of fire from the small arms.

SUBSTANCE: sighting at the target of the trainee under the supervision of the trainer is accomplished with the aid of a training device. Used as a target is the eye of the trainer or trainer, which are located relative to each other at a distance of 40 to 60 cm and in the process of training switch the roles.

EFFECT: simplified and accelerated mastering of the elements of firing procedure.

2 dwg

Up!