Stabilizer mixtures for polyolefins

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to stabilizer mixture used for stabilizing polyolefin against destruction initiated by visible light, heat, or oxidation and to thus stabilized polyolefin. Stabilizer mixture comprises spatially hindered amine compound and polymer containing polar residues, weight ratio of the two compounds being between 20:1 and 1:20, respectively, provided that (i) polymer cannot be the same compound as hindered amine compound and does not contain groups of formula (1) or (II): . Where G represents hydrogen atom or methyl and G1 and G2, independently of each other, each represents hydrogen atom or methyl or they together form =O; and (ii) polymer cannot contain acidic hydrogen atom.

EFFECT: considerable increased efficiency of stabilizer composition.

22 cl, 4 tbl, 4 ex

 

The present invention relates to stabilizatory mixture comprising a spatial difficulty amine compound and the polymer containing polar residues, to the use of this mixture for stabilizing polyolefin against degradation induced by visible light, heat or oxidation and stable so the polyolefin.

Stabilizatory mixture containing two spatial difficult amine compounds described, for example, in EP-A 80431, EP-A 252877, EP-A 709426. EP-A 723990, EP-A 728806, GB-A 2301106, EP-A 741163 and EP-A 754723.

US 5643985 relates to the stabilization of recycled-recyclable plastics. In EP-A 220897, US 5475041 and VE-AND 775151 described the stabilization of polyolefins.

The object of the present invention is, in particular, stabilizatory mixture containing the

(A) spatial difficulty amine compound and

(B) a polymer containing polar residues,

moreover, the mass ratio of components (A):(B) is from 20:1 to 1:20;

provided that

(1) component (B) is different from component (a) and does not contain groups of the formula (I) or (II)

in which G represents hydrogen atom or methyl, and

G1and G2each independently of one another denotes hydrogen atom or methyl, or together they represent mixing Itel =O, and

(2) component (B) is different from a polymer containing acidic hydrogen atom.

Under the polymer containing acidic hydrogen atom is meant a polymer containing such functional groups as carboxyl group, alphagraph, fotogruppe etc. Offer component (B) comprises a polymer containing acidic hydrogen atom, which is described in EP-A 220897.

The preferred mass ratio of components (a) and (B) is from 15:1 to 1:15, in particular from 10:1 to 1:10, for example from 5:1 to 1:5, from 3:1 to 1:3, from 5:1 to 1:1, from 4:1 to 1:1, from 3:1 to 1:1 or from 2:1 to 1:1. A mass ratio of 1:1 is especially preferred.

The preferred spatial hindered amine (component (A)is a compound containing at least one group of the formula (I) or (II)

in which G represents hydrogen atom or methyl, and

G1and G2each independently of one another denotes hydrogen atom or methyl or together they designate Deputy =O.

More detailed examples of spatial difficult amines are presented below and are distributed classes (a') to (and').

(a') a compound of formula (Ia)

where n1denotes a number from 1 to 4, each of G and G1the independent is on from each other represents hydrogen atom or methyl,

G11denotes a hydrogen atom, Oh, hydroxyl, C1-C18alkyl, C3-C8alkenyl,3-C8quinil,7-C12aralkyl,1-C18alkoxy, C5-C8cycloalkane,7-C9funeralcare,1-C8alkanoyl,3-C5alkanoyl,1-C18alkanoyloxy, glycidyl or a group of formula-CH2CH(OH)-Z, in which Z denotes a hydrogen atom, methyl or phenyl, the preferred value of G11is H, C1-C4alkyl, allyl, benzyl, acetyl or acryloyl, and

G12if n1denotes 1, denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C18alkyl, which is not interrupted or interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms, cyanoethyl, benzoyl, glycidyl, monovalent radical of aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, analiticheskoi, unsaturated or aromatic carboxylic acid, carbamino acid or fosforsoderzhashchie acid or a monovalent silyl radical, preferably a radical of aliphatic carboxylic acids containing from 2 to 18 carbon atoms, cycloaliphatic carboxylic acids containing from 7 to 15 carbon atoms, α,βunsaturated carboxylic acids containing 3 to 5 carbon atoms, or aromatic carboxylic acids containing from 7 to 15 carbon atom is in, where each carboxylic acid can be substituted in the aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic residue 1-3 groups-COOZ12in which Z12denotes H, C1-C20alkyl, C3-C12alkenyl,5-C7cycloalkyl, phenyl or benzyl,

G12if n1denotes 2, denotes2-C12alkylen,4-C12albaniles, xylylene, the divalent radical of aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, analiticheskoi or aromatic dicarboxylic acid, dicarbamate acid or fosforsoderzhashchie acid or a divalent silyl radical, preferably a radical of aliphatic dicarboxylic acids containing 2 to 36 carbon atoms, or a cycloaliphatic or aromatic dicarboxylic acid containing 8 to 14 carbon atoms, aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic dicarbamate acid containing from 8 to 14 carbon atoms, where each dicarboxylic acid may be substituted in the aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic residue with one or two groups-COOZ12,

G12if n1means 3, denotes a trivalent radical of aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic tricarboxylic acid, which may be substituted in the aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatics the ω residue group-COOZ 12, aromatic tricarballylic acid or fosforsoderzhashchie acid, or denotes a trivalent silyl radical,

and G12if n1means 4, denotes a tetravalent radical of aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic tetracarbonyl acid.

The above-mentioned radicals of carboxylic acids in each case represent a radical of the formula (-CO)xR, where x has the same meanings as those indicated above for n1and the values of R derived from the above definitions.

Alkyl containing up to 20 carbon atoms, represents, for example, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, n-hexyl, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, n-nonyl, n-decyl, n-undecyl, n-dodecyl, n-tridecyl, n-tetradecyl, n-hexadecyl or n-octadecyl.

With3-C8alkenyl G11can represent, for example, 1-propenyl, allyl, methallyl, 2-butenyl, 2-pentenyl, 2-hexenyl, 2-octenyl or 4-tert-butyl-2-butenyl.

Preferred3-C8the quinil G11is propargyl.

With7-C12aralkyl G11represents, in particular, phenethyl, preferably benzyl.

With1-C18alkoxy G11represents, for example, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, butoxy, isobutoxy, pentox, isopentane, hexose, heptose, actoxy, deci is hydroxy, dodecyloxy, tetradecenoic, hexadecenoic or octadecylamine. Preferred values6-C12alkoxy are, in particular, epoxy, actoxy.

With5-C8cycloalkane G11represents, for example, cyclopentane, cyclohexane, Cycloheptane, cyclooctane, cyclodecane or cyclododecanone. Preferred values5-C8cycloalkane are, in particular, cyclopentane, cyclohexane.

With7-C9funeralcare represents, for example, benzyloxy.

With1-C8alkanoyl G11represents, for example, formyl, propionyl, butyryl or octanoyl, but preferably acetyl, and3-C5alkanoyl G11represents, in particular, acryloyl.

With1-C18alkanoyloxy G11represents, for example, formyloxy, atomic charges, propionyloxy, butyryloxy, valeriote, eurolocs, palmitoleate or stearolic.

Below are some examples of the radicals G12.

If G12denotes a monovalent radical of carboxylic acid is, for example, acetyl, karoliny, stekolny, acryloyloxy, methacryloyloxy, bentely or β-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)probeonly radical.

If G12denotes a monovalent silyl radical, he PR is dstanley a, for example, a radical of the formula -(CjH2j)-Si(Z')2Z, where j denotes an integer in the range from 2 to 5, and each of Z' and Z" independently of one another denotes a1-C4alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy. If G12denotes a divalent radical of the dicarboxylic acid, it is, for example, malonyl, succinyl, glutaryl, adipoyl, suberoyl, sebacic, maleoyl, itaconic, phthaloyl, dibutylamine, dibenzylamine, butyl(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)malonyl or bicycloheptadiene radical, or a group of the formula

If G12denotes a trivalent radical tricarboxylic acid, it is, for example, tillicoultry, cetrally or nitrilotriacetic radical.

If G12denotes a tetravalent radical tetracarbonyl acid, it represents, for example, the tetravalent radical of butane-1,2,3,4-tetracarboxy acid or pyromellitic acid.

If G12denotes a divalent radical dicarbamate acid, it represents, for example, hexamethylentetramine or 2,4-toluylenediamine radical.

Preference is given to compounds of the formula (Ia), in which each of G and G1denotes a hydrogen atom, G11denotes a hydrogen atom or methyl, n1about who appoints 2, and G12means diately radical of aliphatic dicarboxylic acids containing from 4 to 12 carbon atoms.

Examples polyalkylimide compounds of this class are the following compounds:

1) 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

2) 1-allyl-4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

3) 1-benzyl-4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

4) 1-(4-tert-butyl-2-butenyl)-4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

5) 4-stearolic-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

6) 1-ethyl-4-salicyluric-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

7) 4-methacryloyloxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin

8) 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-yl-β-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate

9) di(1-benzyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)maleate

10) di(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)succinate

11) di(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)glutarate

12) di(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)adipate

13) di(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)sebacate

14) di(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-yl)sebacate

15) di(1,2,3,6-tetramethyl-2,6-diethylpiperazine-4-yl)sebacate

16) di(1-allyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)phthalate

17) 1-hydroxy-4-β-cyanoethoxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

18) 1-acetyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-ylacetic

19) three(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)trimellitate

20) 1-acryloyl-4-benzyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

21) di(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-the l)diethylmalonate

22) di(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-yl)dibutylamine

23) di(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-yl)butyl(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)malonate

24) di(1-octyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)sebacate

25) di(1-cyclohexyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)sebacate

26) hexane-1',6'-bis(4-carbamoylated-1-n-butyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine)

27) toluene-2',4'-bis-(4-carbamoylated-1-n-propyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine)

28) dimetallic(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-oxy)silane

29) vinyltris(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-oxy)silane

30) Tris(1-propyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)postit

30-a) Tris(1-methyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)postit

31) Tris(1-propyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl) phosphate

32) phenylbis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-yl)phosphonate

33) 4-hydroxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin

34) 4-hydroxy-N-hydroxyethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

35) 4-hydroxy-N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

36) 1-glycidyl-4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

36-a-1) 1,2,3,4-tetrakis[2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-jocstarbunny]Bhutan

36-a-2) bis[2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-jocstarbunny]bis[treeselectionmodel]Bhutan

36-b-1)1,2,3,4-tetrakis[1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-jocstarbunny]Bhutan

36-b-2) bis[1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-jocstarbunny]bis[treeselectionmodel]Bhutan

36-C) 2,2,6,6-tetramethylheptane the Jn-4-jocstarbunny(C 15-C17alkane)

36-d)

36 (e)

(b') a compound of the formula (Ib)

where n2denotes the number 1, 2 or 3, each of G, G1and G11matter specified in section (a'),

G13denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C12alkyl, C2-C5hydroxyalkyl,5-C7cycloalkyl,7-C8aralkyl,1-C18alkanoyl,3-C5alkanoyl, benzoyl or a group of the formula

a G14if n2denotes 1, denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C18alkyl, C3-C8alkenyl,5-C7cycloalkyl,1-C4alkyl, which is substituted by hydroxyl, cyano, alkoxycarbonyl or carbamide group, glycidyl, a group of the formula-CH2-CH(OH)-Z or of the formula-CONH-Z, in which Z denotes a hydrogen atom, methyl or phenyl;

G14if n2denotes 2, denotes1-C12alkylen,6-C12Allen, xylylene, a group-CH2-CH(OH)-CH2or the group-CH2-CH(OH)-CH2-O-D-O-, in which D represents C2-C10alkylen,6-C15Allen,6-C12cycloalkyl or, provided that G13doesn't mean alkanoyl, alkanoyl and and benzoyl, in another embodiment, G14may denote 1-oxo-C2-C12alkylen, the divalent radical of aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic dicarboxylic acid or dicarbamate acid, or in another embodiment, the group-CO -, and

G14if n2means 3, refers to a group

or, if n2represents 1, G13and G14together may denote a divalent radical of aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic 1,2 - or 1,3-dicarboxylic acid.

Below are some examples of the radicals G13, G14and D.

All alkyl substituents similar to the above for (a').

Any of the5-C7cycloalkyl substituents represents, in particular, cyclohexyl.

With7-C8aralkyl G13represents, in particular, phenylethyl or mainly benzyl.

With2-C5hydroxyalkyl G13represents, in particular, 2-hydroxyethyl or 2-hydroxypropyl.

With1-C18alkanoyl G13represents, for example, formyl, acetyl, propionyl, butyryl, octanoyl, dodecanoyl, hexadecanoyl, octadecanoyl, but preferably acetyl, and3-C5alkanoyl G13represents, in particular, acryloyl.

With2-C8alkenyl G14a small town is a place, for example, allyl, methallyl, 2-butenyl, 2-pentenyl, 2-hexenyl or 2-octenyl.

G14as hydroxyl-, cyano-, alkoxycarbonyl or carbamazeoine1-C4the alkyl may denote, for example, 2-hydroxyethyl, 2-hydroxypropyl, 2-cyanoethyl, methoxycarbonylmethyl, 2-ethoxycarbonylethyl, 2-aminocarbonylmethyl or 2-(dimethylaminoethyl)ethyl.

Any of the2-C12alkilinity radicals is, for example, ethylene, propylene, 2,2-dimethylpropylene, tetramethylene, hexamethylene, octamethylene, decametre or dodecamethyl.

Any of the6-C15arenovich substituents is, for example, o-, m - or p-phenylene, 1,4-naftilan or 4,4'-diphenylene.

With6-C12cycloalkyl represents, in particular, cyclohexyl. Preferred G14as 1-oxo-C2-C12alkylene is a group

Preference is given to compounds of the formula (Ib), where n2denotes 1 or 2, each of G and G1denotes a hydrogen atom, G11denotes a hydrogen atom or methyl, G13denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C12alkyl or a group of the formula

and G14in the case when n denotes 1, denotes a hydrogen atom or

With1-C12alkyl, and the case, when n is 2, denotes2-C8alkylen or 1-oxo-C2-C8alkylen.

Examples polyalkylimide compounds of this class are the following compounds:

37) N,N'-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)hexamethylene-1,6-diamine

38) N,N'-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)hexamethylen-1,6-diacetamide

39) bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)Amin

40) 4 benzoylamino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

41) N,N'-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)-N,N'-dibutylamine

42) N,N'-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)N,N'-DICYCLOHEXYL-2-hydroxypropane-1,3-diamine

43) N,N'-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)-p-xylylenediamine

44) N,N'-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)succinamic

45) bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)-N-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)-β-aminodiphenyl

46) the compound of the formula

47) 4-(bis-2-hydroxyethylamino)-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine

48) 4-(3-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butyl-benzamide)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine

49) 4 methacrylamido-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin

49-a-1)

49-a-2)

49-b) N,N',N"-Tris[2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-ylamino(2-hydroxypropyl)]isocyanurate

49-C) 2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-ylamino)-2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-enaminocarbonyl)propane

49-d) of 1,6-bis[N-(2,2,6,6-tetrame reparacin-4-yl)formylamino]hexane

49-e)

(in') a Compound of the formula (Ic)

where n3denotes the number 1 or 2, each of G, G1and G11has the same value as specified in section (a'), a G15if n3denotes 1, denotes2-C8alkylen,2-C8hydroxyalkyl or4-C22aryloxyalkyl, and if n3denotes 2, G15denotes the group (-CH2)2C(CH2-)2.

With2-C8alkylen or2-C8hydroxyalkyl G15represents, for example, ethylene, 1-mutilation, propylene, 2-ethylpropyl or 2-ethyl-2-hydroxymethylpropane.

With4-C22aryloxyalkyl G15represents, for example, 2-ethyl-2-acetoxystyrene.

Examples polyalkylimide compounds of this class are the following compounds:

50) 9-Aza-8,8,10,10-tetramethyl-1,5-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane

51) 9-Aza-8,8,10,10-tetramethyl-3-ethyl-1,5-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane

52) ro[4.5]decane 8-Aza-2,7,7,8,9,9-HEXAMETHYL-1,4-dioxane

53) 9-Aza-3-hydroxymethyl-3-ethyl-8,8,9,10,10-pentamethyl-1.5-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane

54) 9-Aza-3-ethyl-3-acetoxymethyl-9-acetyl-8,8,10,10-tetramethyl-1,5-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane

55) 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-Spiro-2'-(1',3'-dioxane)-5'-Spiro-5"-(1",3"-dioxane)-2"-Spiro-4"'-(2"',2"',6"',6"'-tetramethyl piperidin)

(g') a Compound of formula (Id-1), (Id-2) or (Id-3)

where n4denotes the number 1 or 2, each of G, G1and G11has the same value as specified in section (a'),

G16denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C12alkyl, allyl, benzyl, glycidyl or2-C6alkoxyalkyl,and

G17if n4denotes 1, denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C12alkyl, C3-C5alkenyl,7-C9aralkyl,5-C7cycloalkyl,2-C4hydroxyalkyl,2-C6alkoxyalkyl,6-C10aryl, glycidyl or a group of the formula -(CH2)p-COO-Q or -(CH2)p-O-CO-Q, in which p denotes 1 or 2, and Q denotes a1-C4alkyl or phenyl, and

G17if n4denotes 2, denotes2-C12alkylen,4-C12albaniles,6-C12Allen, a group of the formula-CH2-CH(OH)-CH2-O-DI-O-CH2-CH(OH)-CH2-, in which D1stands With2-C10alkylen,6-C15arisen or6-C12cycloalkyl, or a group of formula-CH2CH(ODII)CH2-(Och2-CH(ODII)CH2)2-, in which DIIdenotes a hydrogen atom, a C1 -C18alkyl, allyl, benzyl,2-C12alkanoyl or benzoyl,

T1and T2each independently of one another denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C18alkyl or unsubstituted or halogen - or1-C4alkyl substituted With6-C10aryl, or C7-C9aralkyl or T1and T2together with their binding carbon atom form a5-C14cycloalkane ring.

Preferably the compound of formula (Id-3).

Below are some examples of several variables in the formula (Id-1), (Id-2 and Id-3).

Any of the1-C12alkyl substituents is, for example, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, n-hexyl, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, n-nonyl, n-decyl, n-undecyl or n-dodecyl.

Any of the1-C18alkyl substituents may represent, for example, one of the aforementioned groups and, in addition, for example, n-tridecyl, n-tetradecyl, n-hexadecyl and n-octadecyl.

Any of the2-C6alkoxyalkyl substituents is, for example, methoxymethyl, ethoxymethyl, propoxymethyl, tert-butoxymethyl, ethoxyethyl, ethoxypropan, n-butoxyethyl, tert-butoxyethyl, isopropoxide or propoxyphen.

With3-C5alkenyl G17represents, for example, 1-propenyl, allyl, methallyl, 2-b, the Tennille or 2-pentenyl.

With7-C9aralkyl G17, T1and T2each represents, in particular phenethyl or mainly benzyl. If T1and T2together with the carbon atom form cycloalkane ring, they may be, for example, cyclopentane, cyclohexane, cyclooctane or cyclododecane ring.

With2-C4hydroxyalkyl G17represents, for example, 2-hydroxyethyl, 2-hydroxypropyl, 2-hydroxybutyl or 4-hydroxybutyl.

With6-C10aryl G17, T1and T2each represents, in particular, phenyl or αor β-naphthyl, which is not substituted or substituted by a halogen atom or With1-C4the alkyl.

With2-C12alkylen G17represents, for example, ethylene, propylene, 2,2-dimethylpropylene, tetramethylene, hexamethylene, octamethylene, decametre or dodecamethyl.

With4-C12albaniles G17represents, in particular, 2-butylen, 2-penttinen or 3-hexarelin.

With6-C12Allen G17represents, for example, o-, miles, p-phenylene, 1,4-naftilan or 4,4'-diphenylene.

With2-C12alkanoyl DIIrepresents, for example, propionyl, butyryl, octanoyl, dodecanoyl, but preferably acetyl.

With2-C10alkylen,6-C15arisen or6-sub> 12cycloalkyl DIhas, for example, one of the values listed for D in section (b').

Examples polyalkylimide compounds of this class are the following compounds:

56) 3-benzyl-1,3,8-triaza-7,7,9,9-tetramethylspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione

57) 3-n-octyl-1,3,8-triaza-7,7,9,9-tetramethylspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione

58) 3-allyl-1,3,8-triaza-1,7,7,9,9-pentamethylene[4.5]decane-2,4-dione

59) 3-glycidyl-1,3,8-triaza-7,7,8,9,9-pentamethylene[4.5]decane-2,4-dione

60) 1,3,7,7,8,9,9-heptamethyl-1,3,8-diazaspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione

61) 2-isopropyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3,8-diaza-4-oxaspiro[4.5]Decan

62) 2,2-dibutil-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-3,8-diaza-4-oxaspiro[4.5]Decan

63) 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-7-oxa-3,20-diaza-21-oxidiser[5.1.11.2]heneicosan

64) 2-butyl-7,7,9,9-tetramethyl-1-oxa-4,8-diaza-3-oxaspiro[4.5]decane, and preferably:

65) 8-acetyl-3-dodecyl-1,3,8-triaza-7,7,9,9-tetramethylspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione and compounds of the following formulas:

66)

67)

(68)

69-a)

69-b) a mixture of 60 wt.% the compounds of formula

and 40 wt.% the compounds of formula

(d') a Compound of the formula (Ie)

where n5denotes the number 1 or 2, a G18refers to a group is ormula

in which G and G11have the same meanings as specified in section (a'), and each of G1and G2denotes a hydrogen atom, methyl or together they designate Deputy =O,

E denotes-O - or-NDIII-,

And indicates With2-C6alkylene or -(CH2)3-O-, and

x1denotes the number 0 or 1,

DIIIdenotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C12alkyl, C2-C5hydroxyalkyl or5-C7pilooski,

G19identical to the G18or denotes one of the groups-N(G21)(G22), -OG23, -N(H)(CH2OG23or-N(CH2OG23)2,

G20if n5denotes 1, similar to the G18or G19and if n5denotes 2, refers to a group-E-DIV-E-, in which DIVstands With2-C8alkylen or2-C8alkylene, which is interrupted by 1 or 2 groups-NG21-,

G21stands With1-C12alkyl, cyclohexyl, benzyl,1-C4-hydroxyalkyl or a group of the formula

G22stands With1-C12alkyl, cyclohexyl, benzyl or1-C4hydroxyalkyl, and

G23denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C12alkyl or phenyl, or G21and G22together represent the 4-C5alkylen or4-C5oxyalkylene, for example-CH2CH2-O-CH2CH2-or a group of formula-CH2CH2-N(G11)-CH2CH2-.

Below are some examples of several variables in the formula (Ie).

Any of the1-C12alkyl substituents is, for example, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, n-hexyl, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, n-nonyl, n-decyl, n-undecyl or n-dodecyl.

Any of hydroxyalkyl substituents is, for example, 2-hydroxyethyl, 2-hydroxypropyl, 3-hydroxypropyl, 2-hydroxybutyl or 4-hydroxybutyl.

Any of the5-C7cycloalkyl substituents is, for example, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl or cycloheptyl. Preferred cyclohexyl.

With2-C6alkylen And represents, for example, ethylene, propylene, 2,2-dimethylpropylene, tetramethylene or hexamethylene.

If G21and G22together denote With4-C5alkylen or oxyalkylene, it represents, for example, tetramethylene, pentamethylene or 3-oxapentane.

Examples polyalkylimide compounds of this class are compounds of the following formulas:

70)

71)

72)

73)

74)

where R denotes a group of the formula

75)

where R has the same meanings as in connection 74.

76)

where RIdenotes a group of the formula

77)

where RIhas the same value as that of the connection 76.

78)

79)

80)

81)

(e') a Compound of formula (If)

in which G11has the same value as specified in section (a'). A preferred example of compounds of this class is the following connection:

82)

(W') Oligomeric or polymeric compounds, a repeating structural unit containing a 2,2,6,6-tetraalkylammonium radical, in particular polyesters, polyethers, polyamides, polyamine, polyurethanes, polyureas, polyamidation, poly(meth)acrylates, poly(meth)acrylamide and their copolymers, which contain such radicals.

Examples of 2,2,6,6-polyalkylimide compounds of this class are compounds of the following formulas Each of the symbols with m 1m14denotes a number from 2 to about 200, preferably from 2 to 100, for example from 2 to 50, from 2 to 40 3 to 40, or from 4 to 10.

The values of the terminal groups which saturate the free valences in the following oligomeric or polymeric compounds depend on the methods used in obtaining these compounds. In addition, the end groups can also be modified after synthesis of the compounds.

82-a)

82-b)

In connection 82-a and 82-b end group associated with-O-, can be, for example, a hydrogen atom or a group-CO-(CH2)2-COO-Y or-CO-(CH2)4-Soo-Y, and Y denotes a hydrogen atom or a C1-C4alkyl, and the terminal group associated with diazelam may be, for example, -O-Y or

83)

In connection 83 end group associated with aminoven residue may be, for example, a group of the formula

and end group associated with diazolinum the residue can be, for example, Cl. 84-1)

84-1-b)

84-2)

In connection 84-1-a, 84-1-b and 84-2 end group, linked to the triazine residue, maybe the constitute for example, a chlorine atom or a group

as an end group that is associated with diaminopropane may represent, for example, a hydrogen atom or a group

It may be convenient substitution of the chlorine atom associated with triazine, for example, HE or amino group. Acceptable amino groups, as a rule, are pyrrolidin-1-yl, morpholino, -NH2, -N(C1-C8alkyl)2and-NY' (C1-C8alkyl), where Y' denotes a hydrogen atom or a group of the formula

85)

In connection 85 end group associated with 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-aluminuim the residue can be, for example, a hydrogen atom, and end group associated with 2-hydroxypropanoyl the residue can be, for example,

86)

In connection 86 end group that is associated with, may be, for example, a hydrogen atom or the group

and end group associated with diazolinum the residue can be, for example, -och3or Cl.

87)

In connection 87 terminal group that is associated with-O-, can represent, for example, a hydrogen atom or

and to McEvoy group, related diazolinum radical may be, for example, -och3or Cl.

88)

In connection 88 end group associated with-O-, can be, for example, a hydrogen atom or

and end group associated with diazolinum radical may be, for example, -och3or Cl.

89)

In 89 connection terminal group linked to CH2-may represent, for example, a hydrogen atom, and end group associated with the residue of ester may be, for example,

90)

In connection 90 end group associated with CH2-may be, for example, a hydrogen atom, and end group associated with the residue of ester may be, for example,

91)

In 91 connection terminal group linked to CH3-may represent, for example, a hydrogen atom, and an end group that is associated with the amide residue can be, for example,

91-1)

in which m11* has the same value as specified for the m11each of the radicals R* independently of one another denotes ethyl or 2,2,6,6-those whom emailpopreder-4-yl, provided that at least 50% of the radicals R* are in the share of 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl, and the other radicals R* are ately. In connection 91-1) terminal groups are, for example, hydrogen atoms.

92)

93)

The compounds 92 and 93 end group associated with the triazine residue may be, for example, a chlorine atom or group

the connection 92 and the group

in connection 93,

and end group associated with Daminova the residue can be, for example, a hydrogen atom or a group

It may be convenient substitution of the chlorine atom associated with triazine, for example, HE or amino group. Acceptable amino groups, as a rule, are pyrrolidin-1-yl, morpholino, -NH2, -N(C1-C8alkyl)2 and-NY'(C1-C8alkyl), where Y' denotes a hydrogen atom or a group of the formula

94)

In connection 94 end group associated with Daminova residue may be, for example, a hydrogen atom, and end group associated with the residue-CH2CH2-may be, for example,

95)

To connect the Sri 95-1 end group, associated with Daminova the remainder may represent, for example, a hydrogen atom, and end group associated with diazolinum residue may be, for example, Cl.

in which RIIdenotes a group of the formula

or side group chain

RIIIdenotes a group of formula (95-2), and

m'15and m15each represents a number from 0 to 200, preferably from 0 to 100, in particular from 0 to 50, provided that m'15+m15denote a number from 2 to 200, preferably from 2 to 100, in particular from 2 to 50. In connection 95-1 end group that is associated with Daminova the remainder may represent, for example, a hydrogen atom, and end group associated with the group-CH2CH2-may be, for example, halogen atom, in particular Cl or Br.

The compound of the formula (96-I) or (96-II)

in which each of m16and m16* denotes a number from 2 to 50, for example from 2 to 25.

While obtaining compounds of formula (96-I) and (96-II) can be selected together in the form of a mixture and, thus, can also be used in this form. The mass ratio (96-I):(96-II) is, for example, from 20:1 to 1:20 or 1:10 to 10:1.

The compounds of formula (96-1) concava the group, related to the nitrogen atom, may represent, for example, a hydrogen atom, and end group associated with 2-hydroxypropanoyl radical may be, for example, a group

The compounds of formula (96-II) limit group that is associated with dimethylene radical, can represent, for example-IT and end group associated with an oxygen atom may be, for example, a hydrogen atom. Terminal groups can also serve as a polyether radicals.

The compound of the formula (96-III)

in which each of Q1* and Q2* independently of one another denotes a hydrogen atom or a C1-C8alkyl, or Q1* and Q2* together form a5-C11alkylenes group, each of the variables m16** independently of one another denotes a number from 1 to 50.

Other examples are the following polymeric compounds.

1) Compound of formula (97)

in which each of the G24, G25, G26, G27and G28independently of one another represent a direct bond or C1-C10alkylen, G11has the same value as specified in section (a')and m17denotes a number from 1 to 50.

In the compound of the formula (97) end group associated with the group >C=O, moretraditional a, for example,

and end group associated with an oxygen atom, can be, for example

Preferred the following two connections:

and

in which m17denotes a number from 1 to 20.

2) the Compound of the formula (98)

in which approximately one third of the radicals RIVmake-C2H5and the rest occur in groups

a m18denotes a number in the range from 2 to 200, preferably from 2 to 100, in particular from 2 to 50.

In the connection (98) end group associated with the residue-CH2-may be, for example, a hydrogen atom, and an end group that is associated with the residue-CH(CO2RIV)-may represent, for example, -CH=CH-COORIV.

3) the Compound of the formula (99)

in which G11has the same value as specified in section (a'), each of G29and G32independently of one another, denotes a direct bond or a group-N(X1)-CO-X2-CO-N(X3)-, where each of X1and X3independently of one another denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C8alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl, C7 -C9phenylalkyl or a group of the formula (99-1)

and X2denotes a direct bond or C1-C4alkylene, each of G30, G31G34and G35independently of one another denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C30alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl or phenyl, G33denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C30alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl,7-C9phenylalkyl, phenyl or a group of the formula (99-1), a m19denotes a number from 1 to 50.

The compounds of the formula (99) end group that is associated with a 2.5-dioxopyrimidine ring can represent, for example, a hydrogen atom, and end group associated with the radical-C(G34)(G35)-, can be, for example,

Examples of compounds of the formula (99) are:

in which G11denotes a hydrogen atom or methyl, a m19denotes a number from 1 to 25.

4) Product, which can be obtained by reaction of the intermediate product obtained by the reaction polyamine formula (100A) with cyanuric chloride, with a compound of formula (100b)

in which each of m'20, m20the m"' 20independently of one another denotes a number from 2 to 12,

G36denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C12alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl or7-C9phenylalkyl, and

G11has the same value as specified in section (a').

The preferred product is presented in Chemical Abstracts, abstract No. 136504-96-6 (compound 100).

In General, the above reaction product may be represented, for example, a compound of formula 100-1, 100-2 or 100-3. It may also be in the form of a mixture of these three compounds.

The preferred option of the formula (100-1) is

The preferred option of the formula (100-2) is

The preferred option of the formula (100-3) is

In the above formulas with 100-1 through 100-3, the preferred value of m20is from 2 to 20, in particular from 2 to 10.

5) the Compound of the formula (101)

in which G11has the same value as specified in section (a'), G37stands With1-C10alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl,1-C4alkyl substituted With5-C12cycloalkyl, phenyl or the 1-C10alkyl substituted phenyl, G38stands With3-C10alkylen, a m21denotes a number from 1 to 50.

The compounds of the formula (101) end-group associated with the silicon atom, may represent, for example, (G37)3Si-O-, and end-group associated with an oxygen atom may be, for example, -Si(G37)3.

The compounds of formula (101) can also be in the form of cyclic compounds, if m21denotes a number from 3 to 10, i.e. three valences shown in the structural formula, thus form a direct connection.

Example compounds of the formula (101) is

and m21denotes a number from 1 to 20, for example from 2 to 20.

In the above oligomeric and polymeric compounds examples of Akilov are methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl, 2-ethylbutyl, n-pentyl, isopentyl, 1-methylpentyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl, n-hexyl, 1-etylhexyl, n-heptyl, isoheptyl, 1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL, 1-methylheptan, 3-methylheptan, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, 1,1,3-trimethylpentyl, 1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL, nonyl, decyl, undecyl, 1-methylundecyl, dodecyl, 1,1,3,3,5,5-hexamethylene, tridecyl, tetradecyl, pentadecyl, hexadecyl, heptadecyl, octadecyl, eicosyl and docosyl;

examples of cycloalkyl are cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, t is cloepfil and cyclooctyl;

example7-C9phenylalkyl is benzyl; and

examples of alkylene are ethylene, propylene, trimethylene, tetramethylene, pentamethylene, 2,2-dimethyltrimethylene, hexamethylene, trimethylhexamethylene, octamethylene and decamethrin.

(C') a Compound of formula (Ih)

where n6denotes the number 1 or 2, each of G and G11has the same value as specified in section (a'), a G14has the same value as specified in section (b'), but G14cannot specify-CONH-Z, or-CH2-CH(OH)-CH2-O-D-O-.

Examples of such compounds are the following substances:

102)

103)

104)

(and') a Compound of the formula (Ii)

in which each of the radicals G39independently of each other a group of formula (Ii-1)

in which G40stands With1-C12alkyl or C5-C12cycloalkyl, G41stands With2-C12alkylen, and G42denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C8alkyl, -Oh, -CH2CN, C3-C6alkenyl,7-C9phenylalkyl,7-C9phenylalkyl, which is substituted in the phenyl radical With1-C4the alkyl or C1 -C8acyl.

Alkyl represents, for example, With1-C4alkyl, in particular methyl, ethyl, propyl or butyl.

The preferred cycloalkyl is cyclohexyl.

Alkylene is, for example, ethylene, propylene, trimethylene, tetramethylene, pentamethylene, 2,2-dimethyltrimethylene or hexamethylene.

The preferred alkenyl is allyl.

The preferred phenylalkyl is benzyl. The preferred acyl is acetyl.

Examples of compounds of this class are compounds of the following formulas:

105)

106)

The above spatial employed amine compounds are known and if they are not, technically, can be obtained in accordance with known methods.

Some preferred amines employed technically available under the trade names DASTIB 845 (ZTZ, registered trademark), TINUVIN 770 (ZTZ), TINUVIN 765 (ZTZ), TINUVIN 144 (ZTZ), TINUVIN 123 (ZTZ), ADK STAB LA 57 (ZTZ), ADK STAB LA 67 (ZTZ), ADK STAB LA 52 (ZTZ), ADK STAB LA 62 (ZTZ), SANDUVOR PR-31 (3T3), CYASORB UV-3581 (ZTZ), CYASORB UV-3604 (ZTZ), SUMISORB TM 61 (ZTZ), UVINUL 4050 H (ZTZ), DIACETAM 5 (ZTZ), HOSTAVIN N 20 (ZTZ), TINUVIN 440 (ZTZ), SANDUVOR 3050 (ZTZ), HOSTAVIN N 24 (ZTZ), CHIMASSORB 966 (ZTZ), UVINUL 4049 (ZTZ), GOODRITE UV-3034 (ZTZ), GOODRITE UV-3150 (ZTZ), GOODRITE UV 3159 (ZTZ), CHIMASSORB 119 (ZTZ), TINUVIN 622 (ZTZ), CHIMASSORB 944 (ZTZ), CHIMASSORB 2020 (ZTZ), DASTIB 1082 (ZTZ), FERRO AM 806 ZTZ), CYASORB UV 3346 (ZTZ), CYASORB UV 3529 (ZTZ), HOSTAVIN N 30 (ZTZ), ADK STAB LA 68 (ZTZ), ADK STAB LA 63 (ZTZ), UVINUL 5050 H (ZTZ), LICHTSCHUTZSTOFF UV 31 (ZTZ), LUCHEM HA-B 18 (ZTZ), UVASORB 88 (ZTZ) and UVASIL 299 (ZTZ).

According to one variant, which is of interest, the component (a) corresponds to the connection(5), (13), (14), (23), (24), (36-a-1), (36-a-2), (36-b-1), (36-b-2), (36-d), (49-a-1), (49-a-2), (49-b), (49-d), (49-e), (63), (65), (69-a), (81), (82), (102), (105) or (106), in particular the connection(5), (13), (14), (24), (49-a-1), (49-a-2) or (49-d), preferably compound (13).

According to another variant, that is of interest, the component (a) corresponds to the compound (76), (82-a), (84-1), (84-1-b), (84-2), (91-1), (92), (93), (96-I), (96-II), (97-I), (97-II), (99-I), (99-II), (99-III), (100) or (101-1), in particular the compound (76), (84-1-a), (84-1-b), (92), (93), (99-1), (100) or (101-I), predominantly connection (76), (84-1-a), (84-1-b), (92) or (100).

The preferred polymer containing polar groups (component (B)), is

(B-1) haloesters polymer

(B-2) a polymer derivationally from α,β-unsaturated acid or its derivative,

(B-3) an Acrylonitrile-butadiene copolymer, Acrylonitrile-alkylacrylate copolymer, ethylene-acrylate copolymer, Acrylonitrile-alkoxyalkane or Acrylonitrile-vinylchloride copolymers or Acrylonitrile-alkylmethacrylamide-butadiene ternary copolymer,

(B-4) polymer, derivationally from unsaturated alcohols and amines or their acyl production is s or acetals,

(B-5) the homopolymers or copolymers of cyclic ethers,

(B-6) Polyacetal,

(B-7) Polyphenylene oxyde or a mixture of polyphenyleneoxides with other polymers, for example polyamides, (B-8) polyurethane, (B-9) polyamide or copolyamide,

(B-10) polyurea, polyimide, polyamidoimide, simple polyetherimide, complex polyetherimide, poligeenan, polybenzimidazole or polyvinylimidazole,

(B-11) is a complex polyester

(B-12) polycarbonate or complex politicalpunch,

(B-13) a polysulfone, a simple polyethersulfone or simple polyetherketone,

(B-14) polymer, derivationally from aldehydes on the one hand and phenols, urea or melamine on the other hand,

(B-15) drying or non-drying alkyd resin,

(B-16) unsaturated koinopolitia resin,

(B-17) (changeable) acrylate resin,

(B-18) alkyd resin, koinopolitia resin or acrylate resin, crosslinked with melamine resins, mochevinnye resins, isocyanates, isocyanurates, polyisocyanates or epoxy resins

(B-19) epoxy resin,

(B-20) cellulose or chemically modified homologous derivatives

(B-21) polyorganosiloxane,

(B-22) polyvinylformal (PVF),

(B-23) polyaryletheretherketone (Cape peek) or

(B-24) copolymers vinylaromatic monomers.

Examples haloesters polymers (B-1) avaudioplayer, chlorinated rubbers, chlorinated and brominated copolymers of isobutylene/isoprene (halobutilic), chlorinated or sulfochlorinated polyethylene, copolymers of ethylene and chlorinated ethylene, epichlorhydrine Homo - and copolymers, especially polymers haloesters vinyl compounds, for example polyvinyl chloride, grades, polivinilhlorid, polyvinylidene fluoride, and copolymers such as vinyl chloride-vinylidenechloride, vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate and vinylidenechloride-vinyl acetate copolymers. As preferred, it should be mentioned fluorinated paleogeography, polyvinylformal.

Examples of polymers derivatizing from α, βunsaturated acids and their derivatives (B-2)are the polyacrylates and polymethacrylates, polymetylmetacrylate, polyacrylamides and polyacrylonitrile modified with butyl acrylate to impart impact strength.

Examples of polymers derivatizing from unsaturated alcohols and amines or their acyl derivatives or acetals (B-4), are polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, polivinilbutiral, polyvinylether, polyvinylacetate, polyvinyl butyral, polyarylate or polyallylamine, as well as their copolymers with olefins.

Examples of homopolymers and copolymers of cyclic ethers (B-5) are the camping polyalkylene glycols, the polyethylene oxide, polypropyleneoxide and their copolymers with dipicolylamine ethers.

Examples of polyacetale (B-6) are Polyoxymethylene and those polyoxymethylenes which as comonomeric links contain ethylene oxide, Polyacetals modified with thermoplastic polyurethanes, acrylates or MBS.

Examples of polyurethanes (B-8) are those that derivatisation from polyethers with terminal hydroxyl groups, polyesters or polybutadienes on the one hand and aliphatic or aromatic polyisocyanates on the other hand, as well as their predecessors.

Examples of polyamides and copolyamids (B-9) are those that derivatisation from diamines and dicarboxylic acids and/or from aminocarbonyl acids or the corresponding lactams, for example polyamide 4, polyamide 6, polyamide 6/6, 6/10, 6/9, 6/12, 4/6, 12/12, polyamide 11, polyamide 12, aromatic polyamides derived from m-xylocaine and adipic acid; polyamides obtained from a diamine and isophthalic or/and terephthalic acid and, together or without an elastomer as modifier, for example poly-2,4,4-trimethylhexamethylenediamine or poly-m-phenylenedimaleimide; and also block copolymers of the aforementioned polyamides with polyolefins, olefin copolymers, ionomers or chemically bound or p is epitimy elastomers; or with a simple polyethers, e.g. with polyethylene glycol, polypropyleneglycol or polytetramethylene; as well as polyamides or copolyamids modified ternary ethylene-propylene rubber (EPDM or ABS; and polyamides, derivateservlet polycondensation reaction in the process of reaction injection molding (RIF) (polyamide REEF system).

Examples of the polyesters (B-11) are those that derivatisation from dicarboxylic acids and diols and/or from hydroxycarbonic acids or the corresponding lactones, in particular polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate, poly-1,4-dimethylcyclohexane, polyalkyleneglycol (PAN) and polyhydroxybenzenes, as well as block copolymers ethers-esters, derivateservlet from polyethers with terminal hydroxyl groups; and also polyesters modified with polycarbonates or MBS.

Examples of polymers derivatizing from aldehydes on the one hand and phenols, ureas and melamine, on the other hand (B-14), are phenol-formaldehyde resin, urea resin and melamine-formaldehyde resin.

Examples of unsaturated complex of the polyester resin (B-16) are those that derivatisation from spoliation of saturated and unsaturated dicarboxylic acids with polyhydric sleep is Tami and vinyl compounds as crosslinking agents, and their haloesters modification of low Flammability.

Examples of stitched acrylate resins (B-17) are those that derivatisation from substituted acrylates, such as epoxyacrylate, urethaneacrylate or complex poliefirakrilaty.

Examples of the epoxy resins (B-19) are those that derivatisation from aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, heterocyclic or aromatic glycidyloxy compounds, for example the products diglycidyl ethers of bisphenol a and bisphenol F, which are stitched in the usual hardeners such as anhydrides or amines, together or without accelerators.

Examples of cellulose or chemically modified homologous derivatives (B-20) are cellulose acetates, propionate pulp and butyrate cellulose or ethers of cellulose, such as methylcellulose.

Examples of copolymers vinylaromatic monomers (B-24) are styrene-Acrylonitrile, styrene-alkylmethacrylamide, styrene-butadiene-alkylacrylate, styrene-butadiene-alkylmethacrylamide, copolymers of styrene/maleic anhydride, styrene-Acrylonitrile-methylacrylate.

Especially preferred is a copolymer of acrylic ester/styrene/Acrylonitrile (ASA), styrene-Acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN) and a copolymer of styrene/maleic anhydride (SMA).

Examples of vinylaromatic the x monomers are styrene, α-methylsterol, all isomers of vinyltoluene, mainly p-vinyltoluene, all isomers of ethylstyrene, propertywala, vinylbiphenyl, vinylnaphthalene and vinylanthracene. Acceptable comonomers for these vinylaromatic monomers are, for example, NITRILES, maleic anhydrides, maleimides, vinyl acetate and vinyl chloride or acrylic derivatives.

In a preferred embodiment, component (B) selected from group (B-2), (B-4), (B-6), (B-7), (8), (B-9), (B-11), (B-12) and (B-13).

In accordance with another preferred component (B) is a polyacrylate, polymethacrylate (PMA), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), polyacrylonitrile (PAN), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), polyvinyl acetate (PVAC), Polyoxymethylene (POM), Polyphenylene simple ether (PFA), polyurethane, polyamide 3 (PA 3), polyamide 6 (PA 6), polyamide 11 (PA 11), polyamide 12 (PA 12), polyamide 66 (PA 66), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polybutylene terephthalate (pbtf was honored with), polylactic acid (PMK), polycarbonate (PC) or a simple polyethersulfone (PES) or aromaticspecialities the polysulfone (PSF) with a repeating unit of the formula

In accordance with another preferred component (B) is a polyamide (PA), copolymer of acrylic ester/styrene/Acrylonitrile (ASA), styrene-Acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN), styrene/maleic and the hydride (CMA) or a simple polyaminoamide.

In accordance with a particularly preferred component (B) is polymethylacrylate (PMA), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), polyamide (PA), Polyoxymethylene (POM), copolymer of acrylic ester/styrene/Acrylonitrile (ASA) or simple polyaminoamide.

Preferred stabilizatory mixtures are those in which component (A) is a compound di(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)sebacate,

component (B) is a polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyamide 6 (PA 6), polycarbonate (PC), polymethylacrylate (PMA) or polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), in particular poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), and the mass ratio of components (A):(B) ranges from 5:1 to 1:5.

Other preferred stabilizatory mixtures are those in which component (A) is a compound di(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)sebacate or a compound of the formula

and m4denotes a number from 2 to 40,

and the component (B) is a polyamide (PA), Polyoxymethylene (POM) or a simple polyaminoamide.

According to another preferred variant implementation of the present invention features a composition which includes, as another component (XX) further comprises an organic salt of CA, inorganic salt, Sa, Sa oxide or hydroxide CA.

Examples of organicheskoi CA are CA stearate, laurate CA, lactate Sa and staurolite CA.

Examples of the inorganic salt of CA are caso3, CaCl2CaF2, CA3(PO4)2, CaHPO4, Sa(RHO3)2, CA2P2O7, CaSO4and CaSiO3.

According to another preferred variant implementation of the present invention features a composition which includes, as another component (XXX) further comprises an organic salt of Zn, an inorganic salt of Zn, a Zn oxide, a hydroxide of Zn, organic salt of Mg, an inorganic salt of Mg, Mg oxide or hydroxide of Mg.

Preferred organic salts of zinc or magnesium are the acetylacetonates or the aliphatic monocarboxylate, including, for example, from 1 to 24 carbon atoms. Some of the particularly preferred examples include acetate, laurate and stearate, formate, acetate, enanthate, laurate and stearate of zinc, as well as acetylacetonate zinc and magnesium acetylacetonate.

Of particular interest are zinc stearate, magnesium stearate, zinc acetylacetonate, magnesium acetylacetonate, zinc acetate and magnesium acetate.

Inorganic salt of zinc or magnesium, for example, carbonate-bearing compound, such as

- hydroxycarbonate Zn, hydroxycarbonate Mg, dolomite, such as Ca carbonate/Mg, such as product Microdol Super (ZTZ) company Micro Minerals (ZTZ) and

- natural or synth is political hydrotalcite.

I believe that the structure of the natural hydrotalcite corresponds to the formula Mg6Al2(OH)16CO3·4H2O.

A typical empirical formula of synthetic hydrotalcite is

Al2Mg4,35OH11,36CO3(1,67)·xH2O.

Examples of the synthetic product include:

Mg0.7Alfor 0.3(OH)2(CO3)of 0.15·0,54H2O,

Mg4,5Al2(OH)13CO3·3,5H2O and

Mg4,2Al(OH)12,4CO3.

Preferred synthetic hydrotalcite are the product of L-55R II (ZTZ) company REHEIS (ZTZ), as well as products ZHT-4A (ZTZ) and DHT-4A (ZTZ) company Kyowa Chemical Industry Co. (ZTZ).

Stabilizatory mixture in accordance with the present invention can be used for stabilizing polyolefins against degradation induced by visible light, heat or oxidation. Examples of acceptable polyolefins are presented below.

1. The polymers of monoolefins and diolefins, in particular polypropylene, polyisobutylene, polybut-1-ene, poly-4-methylpent-1-ene, polyisoprene or polybutadiene, as well as polymers of cycloolefins, in particular cyclopentene or norbornene, polyethylene (which may be, but not necessarily made), in particular high-density polyethylene (HDPE), high density polyethylene and high molecular weight (HDPE-AMM), the polyethylene is n high-density and ultra-high molecular weight (HDPE-SWMM), medium-density polyethylene (PASP), low density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), and (PAOP) and (PESRP).

Polyolefins, i.e. the polymers of monoolefins, examples of which are given in the preceding paragraph, preferably polyethylene and polypropylene, can be obtained in different ways, mostly via the following methods.

a) Radical polymerization (normally under high pressure and at elevated temperature).

b) Catalytic polymerisation using a catalyst that normally contains one or more than one metal atom of group IVb, Vb, VIb or VIII of the Periodic Table of elements. These metals usually contain one or more than one ligand, typically oxides, halides, alcoholate, esters, ethers, amines, alkali, alkenyl and/or arily, which can be either πor σ-coordinated. These metal complexes may be in free form or to be recorded on the media, typically on activated magnesium chloride, titanium chloride(III), aluminium oxide or silicon dioxide. Such catalysts can be soluble or insoluble in the polymerization medium. In the process of polymerization catalysts can be used alone or optionally can be used activators, as a rule is, metallicity, a metal hydride, Metallurgicheskiy, metallicity or metallurgically, and these metals being elements of groups Ia, IIa and/or IIIa of the Periodic Table. The activators can be modified, it is advisable for more ester, ether, aminovymi or silylamine groups. These catalytic systems are usually referred to as systems of firms Phillips, Standard Oil Indiana, Ziegler-Natta, TNZ (DuPont), metallocene or catalysts with a single plot (KEU).

2. Mixtures of the polymers mentioned under 1), in particular mixtures of polypropylene with polyisobutylene, polypropylene with polyethylene (for example PP/HDPE, PP/LDPE) and mixtures of polyethylenes of different types (for example LDPE/HDPE).

3. Copolymers of monoolefins and diolefins among themselves and with other vinyl monomers, for example ethylene-propylene copolymers, linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) and mixtures thereof with low density polyethylene (LDPE), propylene/but-1-ENOVIA copolymers, propylene-isobutilene copolymers, ethylene/but-1-ENOVIA copolymers, ethylene-hexenoic copolymers, ethylene-methylpentene copolymers, ethylene-heptanone copolymers, ethylene-okanoya copolymers, propylene-butadiene copolymers, isobutylene-isoprene copolymers, ethylene-alkylacrylate copolymers, ethylene-alkylmethacrylamide copolymers, ethyl the-vinyl acetate copolymers and their copolymers with carbon monoxide or copolymers of ethylene/acrylic acid and its salts (ionomers), and ternary copolymers of ethylene with propylene and a diene, such as hexadiene, Dicyclopentadiene, ethylidenenorbornene; as well as mixtures of such copolymers with each other and with polymers mentioned in the above section 1), in particular polypropylene/ethylene-propylene copolymers, LDPE/ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymers, copolymers, LDPE/ethylene-acrylic acid (EAK), LLDPE/EVA, LLDPE/EAK and alternating or random copolymers of polyalkylene/carbon monoxide, and mixtures thereof with other polymers, in particular polyamides.

Thus, the object of the invention is also a composition comprising a polyolefin stabilizatory mixture, as they are presented in the present description, the method of stabilization of polyolefin against degradation induced by visible light, heat or oxidation, which comprises introducing the polyolefin stabilizatory mixture in accordance with the invention.

Preferred polyolefins listed above in section 1. Particularly preferred polyethylene and polypropylene, and a polyethylene copolymer or a polypropylene copolymer.

The components of the new stabilizatory mixture can be added to the polyolefin, which requires stabilization, either alone or mixed with each other. In a preferred embodiment, stabilizatory mixture (componenta and B) are contained in amounts of from 0.01 to 5%, in particular from 0.05 to 1%, calculated on the weight of polyolefin.

Component (B) contains, for example, in the amount of 0.005 to 1.5%, 0.005 to 1.0%, from 0.01 to 1%, from 0.05 to 1.0%, from 0.05 to 0.5%, in particular from 0.05 to 0.2% or from 0.01 to 0.2%based on the weight of polyolefin.

Connection Sa (component (XX)) is not necessarily contained in the material that needs stabilization in a quantity of, for example, 0.005 to 1%, preferably from 0.05 to 0.2%.

Component (XXX) is not necessarily contained in the material that needs stabilization in a quantity of, for example, 0.005 to 1%, in particular from 0.05 to 0.2%, calculated on the weight of the above-mentioned material.

The mass ratio of components (A):(XX) is, for example, from 1:10 to 100:1, preferably from 1:5 to 5:1, in particular from 1:2 to 2:1.

The mass ratio of components (A): (XXX) is, for example, from 1:10 to 20:1, preferably from 1:5 to 5:1, in particular from 1:2 to 2:1.

New stabilizatory mixture or individual components thereof can be introduced into the polyolefin by known methods, for example before or during shaping or by applying the dissolved or dispersed compounds to the polyolefin, followed, if necessary, by evaporating the solvent. This new stabilizatory mixture can be added to the polyolefin in the form of powder, granules or masterbatches, which contains the mixture in concentrations which, for example, from 2.5 to 25 wt.%.

If necessary, all components of this new stabilizatory mixture before introduction into the polyolefin can be mixed together in the melt.

New stabilizatory the mixture or its components can be added before or during polymerization or before stitching.

Stabilized in this way materials can be applied in a wide variety of forms, for example as films, fibres, tapes, compositions for molding, in the form of specialized materials or as binders for paints, adhesives or putties.

A stabilized polyolefin according to the invention may also optionally contain various conventional additives, such as the following.

1. Antioxidants

1.1 Alkylated monophenol, for example 2,6-decret-butyl-4-METHYLPHENOL, 2-tert-butyl-4,6-dimethylphenol, 2,6-decret-butyl-4-ethylphenol, 2,6-decret-butyl-4-n-butylphenol, 2,6-decret-butyl-4-isobutylphenyl, 2,6-dicyclopentyl-4-METHYLPHENOL, 2-(α-methylcyclohexyl)-4,6-dimethylphenol, 2,6-dioctadecyl-4-METHYLPHENOL, 2,4,6-tricyclohexyltin, 2,6-decret-butyl-4-methoxymethanol, nonylphenols, which are linear or branched side chains, for example 2,6-dinonyl-4-METHYLPHENOL, 2,4-dimethyl-6-(1'-methylinden-1'-yl)phenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-(1'-methylheptadecyl-1'-yl)phenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-(1'-metaltrade-1'-yl)phenol and mixtures thereof.

1.2. Alkylthiomethyl, for example 2,4-dioctyl the o-methyl 6-tert-butylphenol, 2,4-dioctylfluorenyl-6-METHYLPHENOL, 2,4-dioctylfluorenyl-6-ethylphenol, 2,6-deoderiser-4-Nonylphenol.

1.3. Hydrochinone and alkylated hydrochinone, for example 2,6-decret-butyl-4-methoxyphenol, 2.5-decret-butylhydroquinone, 2.5-decret-amylketone, 2,6-diphenyl-4-octadecylphenol, 2,6-decret-butylhydroquinone, 2.5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole, 3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole, 3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylethyl, bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)adipate.

1.4. Tocopherols, for example α-tocopherol, β-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol, δ-tocopherol and mixtures thereof (vitamin E).

1.5. Gidroksilirovanii thiodiphenylamine ethers, for example 2,2'-THIOBIS(6-tert-butyl-4-METHYLPHENOL), 2,2'-THIOBIS(4-op), 4,4'-THIOBIS(6-tert-butyl-3-METHYLPHENOL), 4,4'-THIOBIS(6-tert-butyl-2-METHYLPHENOL), 4,4'-THIOBIS(3,6-diver-amylphenol), 4,4'-bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)disulfide.

1.6. Alkalinebattery, for example 2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-METHYLPHENOL), 2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol), 2,2'-Methylenebis[4-methyl-6-(α-methylcyclohexyl)phenol], 2,2'-Methylenebis(4-methyl-6-cyclohexylphenol), 2,2'-Methylenebis(6 nonyl-4-METHYLPHENOL), 2,2'-Methylenebis(4,6-decret-butylphenol), 2,2'-ethylidene(4,6-decret-butylphenol), 2,2'-ethylidene(6-tert-butyl-4-isobutylphenyl), 2,2'-Methylenebis[6-(α-methylbenzyl)-4-Nonylphenol], 2,2'-Methylenebis[6-(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)-4-Nonylphenol], 4,4'-methylene is IP(2,6-decret-butylphenol), 4,4'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-2-METHYLPHENOL), 1,1-bis(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-were)butane, 2,6-bis(3-tert-butyl-5-methyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)-4-METHYLPHENOL, 1,1,3-Tris(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-were)butane, 1,1-bis(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-were)-3-n-dodecylmercaptan, etilenglikoli[3,3-bis(3'-tert-butyl-4'-hydroxyphenyl)butyrate], bis(3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-were)Dicyclopentadiene, bis[2-(3'-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxy-5'-methylbenzyl)-6-tert-butyl-4-were]terephthalate, 1,1-bis-(3,5-dimethyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)butane, 2,2-bis(3,5-dicret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, 2,2-bis-(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-were)-4-n-dodecylmercaptan, 1,1,5,5-Tetra(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-were)pentane.

1.7. O-, N - and S-benzyl compounds, for example 3,5,3',5'-Tetra-tert-butyl-4,4'-dihydroxydiphenyl simple ether, octadecyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylbenzimidazole, tridecyl-4-hydroxy-3,5-decret-butylbenzylphthalate, Tris(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)amine, bis(4-tert-butyl-3-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylbenzyl)dithiotreitol, bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)sulfide, isooctyl-3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzeneacetic.

1.8. Hydroxybenzylidene malonate, such as dioctadecyl-2,2-bis(3,5-decret-butyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)malonate, dioctadecyl-2-(3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)malonate, deterimental-2,2-bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-guide is oxybenzyl)malonate, bis[4-(1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL)phenyl]-2,2-bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)malonate.

1.9. Aromatic hydroxybenzoate compounds, for example 1,3,5-Tris(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-2,4,6-trimethylbenzene, 1,4-bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-2,3,5,6-tetramethylbenzene, 2,4,6-Tris(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)phenol.

1.10. Triazine compounds, for example 2,4-bis(artillerie)-6-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-artillerie-4,6-bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-artillerie-4,6-bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenoxy)-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4,6-Tris(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenoxy)-1,2,3-triazine,

1,3,5-Tris(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)isocyanurate, 1,3,5-Tris(4-tert-butyl-3-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylbenzyl)isocyanurate, 2,4,6-Tris(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylethyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-Tris(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionic)hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-Tris(3,5-DICYCLOHEXYL-4-hydroxybenzyl)isocyanurate.

1.11. Benzylphosphonates, for example dimethyl-2,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyethylphosphonate, diethyl-3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyethylphosphonate, dioctadecyl-3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyethylphosphonate, dioctadecyl-5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-3-methylbenzylphosphonate, calcium salt of monoethylene ester 3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzophenone acid.

1.12. Aceraminophen, such as anilide 4-hydroxylamino the acid, anilide 4-hydroxystearate acid, octyl-N-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)carbamate.

1.13. Ethers β-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid and one - and polyhydric alcohols, for example methanol, ethanol, n-octanol, isooctanol, octadecanol, 1,6-hexanediol, 1,9-nonanediol, ethylene glycol, 1,2-propane diol, neopentyl glycol, thiodiethanol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, Tris(hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate, N,N'-bis(hydroxyethyl)oksamida, 3-Ticonderoga, 3-thiapentanal, trimethylpentanediol, trimethylolpropane, 4-hydroxymethyl-1-FOSFA-2,6,7-dioxabicyclo [2.2.2 ] octane.

1.14. Ethers β-(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-3-were)propionic acid and one - and polyhydric alcohols, for example methanol, ethanol, n-octanol, isooctanol, octadecanol, 1,6-hexanediol, 1,9-nonanediol, ethylene glycol, 1,2-propane diol, neopentyl glycol, thiodiethanol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, Tris(hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate, N,N'-bis(hydroxyethyl)oksamida, 3-Ticonderoga, 3-thiapentanal, trimethylpentanediol, trimethylolpropane, 4-hydroxymethyl-1-FOSFA-2,6,7-dioxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane; 3,9-bis[2-{3-(3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-were)propionyloxy}-1,1-dimethylethyl]-2,4,8,10-tetraoxaspiro[5.5]undecane.

1.15. Ethers β-(3,5-DICYCLOHEXYL-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid and one - and mn is gotany alcohols, for example, methanol, ethanol, octanol, octadecanol, 1,6-hexanediol, 1,9-nonanediol, ethylene glycol, 1,2-propane diol, neopentyl glycol, thiodiethanol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, Tris(hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate, N,N'-bis(hydroxyethyl)oksamida, 3-Ticonderoga, 3-thiapentanal, trimethylpentanediol, trimethylolpropane, 4-hydroxymethyl-1-FOSFA-2,6,7-dioxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane.

1.16. Esters of 3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid and one - and polyhydric alcohols, for example methanol, ethanol, octanol, octadecanol, 1,6-hexanediol, 1,9-nonanediol, ethylene glycol, 1,2-propane diol, neopentyl glycol, thiodiethanol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, Tris(hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate, N,N'-bis(hydroxyethyl)oksamida, 3-Ticonderoga, 3-thiapentanal, trimethylpentanediol, trimethylolpropane, 4-hydroxymethyl-1-FOSFA-2,6,7-dioxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane.

1.17. Amides β-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid, for example N,N'-bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionic)hexamethylenediamine, N,N'-bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionic)trimethylenediamine, N,N'-bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionic)hydrazide, N,N'-bis[2-(3-[3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl]propionyloxy)ethyl]oksamid (product Naugard®XL-1, supplied to the market by the company Uniroyal).

1.18. Ascorbic is acid (vitamin C)

1.19. Amine antioxidants, such as N,N'-aminobutiramida-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-diver-butyl-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-bis(1,4-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-bis(1-ethyl-3-methylpentyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-bis(1-methylheptan)-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-DICYCLOHEXYL-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-bis(2-naphthyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N-isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N-(1-methylheptan)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, n-cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, 4-(p-toluensulfonyl)diphenylamine, N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-debtor-butyl-p-phenylenediamine, diphenylamine, N-allylmethylamine, 4-isopropoxytitanium, N-phenyl-1-naphtylamine, N-(4-tert-octylphenyl)-1-naphtylamine, N-phenyl-2-naphtylamine, acceleratory diphenylamine, such as p,p'-decret-octyldiphenyl, 4-n-butylamine, 4-bucillamine, 4-nonavailability, 4-dodecanolide, 4-octadecylamine, bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amine, 2,6-decret-butyl-4-dimethylaminomethylphenol, 2,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane, 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane, N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane, 1,2-bis[(2-were)amino]ethane, 1,2-bis(phenylamino)propane, (o-tolyl)digoine, bis[4-(1',3'-dimethylbutyl)phenyl]amine, tert-acceleratory N-phenyl-1-naphtylamine, a mixture of mono - and dialkylamines tert-butyl/tert-octyldiphenyl, a mixture of mono - and dialkylamines of nonindependent, a mixture of mono - and di is killerbunny of dodecyldimethylamine, a mixture of mono - and dialkylamines isopropyl/isohexadecane, a mixture of mono - and dialkylamines tert-butyldiethanolamine, 2,3-dihydro-3,3-dimethyl-4H-1,4-benzothiazin, phenothiazines, mixture of mono - and dialkylamines tert-butyl/tert-activedatainfo, a mixture of mono - and dialkylamines tert-activedatainfo, N-alliteration, N,N,N',N'-tetraphenyl-1,4-geminorum-2-ene, N,N-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)hexamethylenediamine were, bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)sebacate, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-one, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-ol.

2. Absorbers of UV rays and light stabilizers

2.1. 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(2'-hydroxy-5'-were)benzotriazol, for example 2-(3',5'-decret-butyl-2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazol, 2-(5'-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazol, 2-(2'-hydroxy-5'-(1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL)phenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3',5'-decret-butyl-2'-hydroxyphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole, 2-(3'-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxy-5'-were)-5-chlorobenzotriazole, 2-(3'-sec-butyl-5'-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazol, 2-(2'-hydroxy-4'-octyloxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3',5'-decret-amyl-2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazol, 2-(3',5'-bis(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)-2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazol, 2-(3'-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxy-5'-(2-octyloxyphenyl)phenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole, 2-(3'-tert-butyl-5'-[2-(2-ethylhexyloxy)carbonylethyl]-2'-hydroxyphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole, 2-(3'-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxy-5'-(-methoxycarbonylethyl)phenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazol, 2-(3'-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxy-5'-(2-methoxycarbonylethyl)phenyl)benzotriazole, 2-(3'-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxy-5'-(2-octyloxyphenyl)phenyl)benzotriazol, 2-(3'-tert-butyl-5'-[2-(2-ethylhexyloxy)carbonylethyl]-2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazol, 2-(3'-dodecyl-2'-hydroxy-5'-were)benzotriazol, 2-(3'-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxy-5'-(2-isooctylmercaptoacetate)phenyl)benzotriazole, 2,2'-Methylenebis[4-(1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL)-6-benzotriazol-2-infenal]; the product of the interesterification 2-[3'-tert-butyl-5'-(2-methoxycarbonylethyl)-2'-hydroxyphenyl]-2H-benzotriazole polyethylene glycol 300; [R-CH2CH2-COO-CH2CH2-]2-where R stands for 3'-tert-butyl-4'-hydroxy-5'-2H-benzotriazol-2-ylphenyl, 2-[2'-hydroxy-3'-(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)-5'-(1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL)phenyl]benzotriazole; 2-[2'-hydroxy-3'-(1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL)-5'-(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)phenyl]benzotriazole.

2.2. 2-hydroxybenzophenone, for example 4-hydroxy-, 4-methoxy-, 4-octyloxy, 4-decyloxy-, 4-dodecyloxy-, 4-benzyloxy, 4,2',4'-trihydroxy - and 2'-hydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxypropane.

2.3. Esters of substituted and unsubstituted benzoic acids, for example 4-tert-butylanisole, fenilsalitsilat, antifederalist, dibenzoylresorcinol, bis(4-tert-butylbenzoyl)resorcinol, benzoylation, 2,4-decret-butylphenyl-3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate, hexadecyl-3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate, octadecyl-3,5-d is tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate, 2-methyl-4,6-decret-butylphenyl-3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate.

2.4. Acrylates, for example ethyl-α-cyano-β,β-diphenylacetate, isooctyl-α-cyano-β,β-diphenylacetate, methyl-α-carbomethoxyamino, methyl-α-cyano-β-methyl-p-methoxycinnamate, butylα-cyano-β-methyl-p-methoxycinnamate, methyl-α-carbomethoxy-p-methoxycinnamate and N-(β-carbomethoxy-β-cyanovinyl)-2-methylindolin.

2.5. Compounds of Nickel, such as Nickel complexes of 2,2'-THIOBIS[4-(1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL)phenol], such as the complex ratio of 1:1 or 1:2 together with or without additional ligands such as n-butylamine, triethanolamine or N-cyclohexyldimethylamine, dibutyldithiocarbamate Nickel, Nickel salts monoalkyl esters, for example methyl or ethyl ester of 4-hydroxy-3,5-decret-butylbenzylphthalate acid, Nickel complexes of ketoximes, such as 2-hydroxy-4-methylphenylpolysiloxane, Nickel complexes of 1-phenyl-4-lauroyl-5-hydroxypyrazolo together or without additional ligands.

2.6. Oxamide. for example 4,4'-distractionware, 2,2'-diethoxyaniline, 2,2'-dioctyloxy-5,5'-decret-butoxyaniline, 2,2'-didodecyl-5,5'-decret-butoxyaniline, 2-ethoxy-2'-ethyloxazole, N,N'-bis(3-dimethylaminopropyl)oksamid, 2-ethoxy-5-tert-butyl-2'-etoxazole and its mixture with 2-ethoxy-2'-ethyl-5,4'-decret-butoxy is with leads, a mixture of o - and p-methoxybenzylidene of oxanilide and mixtures of o - and p-ethoxybenzylidene of oxanilide.

2.7. 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, for example 2,4,6-Tris(2-hydroxy-4-octyloxyphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-octyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimetilfenil)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimetilfenil)-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4-bis(2-hydroxy-4-proproxyphene)-6-(2,4-dimetilfenil)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-octyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(4-were)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-dodecyloxyphenyl)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimetilfenil)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-tridecylalcohol)-4,6-bis(2,4-dimetilfenil)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxy-3-butylenediamine)phenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxy-3-octyloxyphenyl)phenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[4-(dodecyloxy/tridecylamine-2-hydroxypropoxy)-2-hydroxyphenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimetilfenil)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-[2-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxy-3-dodecyloxyethoxy)phenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimetilfenil)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-hexyloxy)phenyl-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4,6-Tris[2-hydroxy-4-(3-butoxy-2-hydroxypropoxy)phenyl]-1,3,5-triazine, 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-6-phenyl-1,3,5-triazine, 2-{2-hydroxy-4-[3-(2-ethylhexyl-1-oxy)-2-hydroxypropoxy]phenyl}-4,6-bis(2,4-dimetilfenil)-1,3,5-triazine.

3. The decontamination officers metals, for example N,N'-diphenyloxide, N-salicylal-N'-Sal is chlorhydrin, N,N'-bis(salicyloyl)hydrazine, N,N'-bis(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionic)hydrazine, 3-salicylamide-1,2,4-triazole, bis(benzylidene)oxalidaceae, oxanilide, isophthalaldehyde, caballerosvengadores, N,N'-diacetylmorphine, N,N'-bis(salicyloyl)oxalidaceae, N,N'-bis(salicyloyl)thiopropionate.

4. The phosphites and phosphonites, for example triphenylphosphite, diphenylacetate, phenyldichlorophosphine, Tris(nonylphenyl)FOSFA, trilaurylamine, trioctadecyl, distearyldimethylammonium, Tris(2,4-decret-butylphenyl)FOSFA, diisodecylphthalate, bis(2,4-decret-butylphenyl)pentaerythrityl, bis(2,4-dokumenter)pentaerithritol, bis(2,6-decret-butyl-4-were)pentaerithritol, diisodecylphthalate, bis(2,4-decret-butyl-6-were)pentaerithritol, bis(2,4,6-Tris(tert-butylphenyl)pentaerythrityl, traceability, tetrakis(2,4-decret-butylphenyl)-4,4'-differentdifferent, 6-isooctane-2,4,8,10-Tetratec-butyl-N-dibenz [d,g]-1,3,2-dioxaphospholane, bis(2,4-decret-butyl-6-were)methylphosphate, bis(2,4-decret-butyl-6-were)ethylphosphate, 6-fluoro-2,4,8,10-Tetratec-butyl-12-methyl-dibenz[d,g]-1,3,2-dioxaphospholane, 2,2',2"-nitrile[triethyltin(3,3',5,5'-Tetratec-butyl-1,1'-diphenyl-2,2'-diyl)postit], 2-ethylhexyl(3,3',5,5'-Tetratec-butyl-1,1'-diphenyl-2,2'-diyl)FOSFA, 5-b, the Teal-5-ethyl-2-(2,4,6-titre-butylphenoxy)-1,3,2-dioxaphospholane.

Especially preferred are the following phosphites:

Tris(2,4-decret-butylphenyl)fosfat (Irgafos®168 the company Ciba-Geigy), Tris(nonylphenyl)FOSFA,

5. Hydroxylamine, for example N,N-dibenzylhydroxylamine, N,N-diethylhydroxylamine, N,N-dioctylsebacate, N,N-drawingdocument, N,N-detraditionalisation, N,N-dihexadecyl, N,N-dictatorially, N-hexadecyl-N-octadecyltriethoxysilane, N-heptadecyl-N-octadecyltriethoxysilane, N,N-dialkylhydroxylamines, derivationally of amines hydrogenated tall oil.

6. Nitron, for example N-benzyl-alpha-phenylnitrone, N-ethyl-alpha-metallitron, N-octyl-alpha reptilian, N-lauryl-alpha undecillion, N-tetradecyl-alpha tredecillion, N-hexadecyl-alpha pentadecane, N-octadecyl-alpha heptadecane, N-hexadecyl-alpha heptadecane, N-octadecyl-alpha pentadecane, N-heptadecyl-alpha heptadecane, N-octadecyl-alpha hexadecahedron, Nitron, derivationally of N,N-dialkylhydroxylamines, derivatizing of amines hydrogenated tall oil.

7. Ticinella such as delayintolerant or distearyldimethylammonium.

8. Compounds which destroy peroxide, for example esters β-thiodipropionic acids, particularly lauric, stearyl, ministerului or tridecylamine esters, mercaptobenzimidazole or zinc salt of 2-mercaptobenzimidazole, dibutyldithiocarbamate zinc, dictatorially, tetrakis(β-dodecylmercaptan)propionate, pentaerythritol.

9. Polyamide stabilizers, for example copper salt in combination with iodides and/or phosphorus compounds and salts of divalent manganese.

10. Basic shared stabilizers, for example melamine, polyvinylpyrrolidone, dicyandiamide, triethylsilane, mcevenue derivatives, hydrazine powered derivatives, amines, polyamides, polyurethanes, alkali metal salts and salts of alkaline earth metals of higher fatty acids, in particular calcium stearate, zinc stearate, beginat magnesium, stearate, ricinoleic sodium, potassium palmitate, pyrocatechol antimony and pyrocatechol zinc.

11. The nuclei of crystallization, for example, inorganic compounds such as talc, metal oxides such as titanium dioxide and magnesium oxide, phosphates, carbonates and sulfates, preferably of alkaline-earth metals; organic compounds such as mono - and polycarboxylic acids and their salts, such as 4-tert-butylbenzoic acid, adipic acid, divinely Usna acid, sodium succinate or sodium benzoate; polymeric compounds such as ionic copolymers (ionomers). Particularly preferred 1,3:2,4-bis(3',4'-dimethylbenzylidene)sorbitol, 1,3:2,4-di(para-methylpiperidin)sorbitol and 1,3:2,4-di(benzylidene)sorbitol.

12. Fillers and reinforcing fillers, for example calcium carbonate, silicates, glass fibers, hollow glass beads, asbestos, talc, kaolin, mica, barium sulfate, iron oxides and metal hydroxides, carbon black, graphite, wood flour and flours or fibers of other natural products, synthetic fibers.

13. Other additives, for example plasticizers, lubricants, emulsifiers, pigments, regulators properties, catalysts, means governing the flow, optical brighteners, flame retardants, antistatic agents and blowing agents.

14. Benzofuranol and indolinone, such as those presented in US 4325863, US 4338244, US 5175312, US 5216052, US 5252643, DE-A 4316611, DE-A 4316622, DE-A 4316876, EP-A 0589839 or EP-A 0591102, or 3-[4-(2-acetoacetate)phenyl]-5,7-decret-butylbenzofuran-2-it, 5,7-decret-butyl-3-[4-(2-staurolite)phenyl]benzofuran-2-it, 3,3'-bis[5,7-decret-butyl-3-(4-[2-hydroxyethoxy]phenyl)benzofuran-2-he], 5,7-decret-butyl-3-(4-ethoxyphenyl)benzofuran-2 he, 3-(4-acetoxy-3, 5dimethylphenyl)-5,7-decret-butylbenzofuran-2 he, 3-(3,5-dimethyl-4-pivaloyloxymethyl)-5,7-decret-butylbenzofuran-2 he, 3-(3,4-dimetilfenil)-5,7-decret-the ethylbenzophenone-2-it, 3-(2,3-dimetilfenil)-5,7-decret-butylbenzofuran-2-it.

The mass ratio between stabilizatory mixture in accordance with the invention, and such conventional additives may be, for example, from 1:0.1 to 1:5.

The invention is illustrated in more detail in the examples below. In all cases, unless otherwise stated, quantities are expressed in weight percents and parts.

Stabilizers and jointly entered additives used in the following examples 1 to 4

The compound (13):

(®TINUVIN 770)

The compound (14):

(®TINUVIN 765)

Compound (49-a-1):

(®CYASORB UV-3581)

The compound (5-I):

PVA: polyvinyl alcohol. PA: polyamide.

PC: polycarbonate.

PET: polyethylene terephthalate.

Pbtf was honored with: polybutylene terephthalate.

PMMA: polymethylmethacrylate.

POM: Polyoxymethylene.

TPU: thermoplastic polyurethane.

PFA: Polyphenylene simple ether.

ASA: copolymer of acrylic ester/styrene/Acrylonitrile.

SAN: styrene-Acrylonitrile copolymer.

MCA: a copolymer of styrene/maleic anhydride.

Example 1: stabilization of polypropylene homopolymer film against exposure to visible light.

100 frequent. powder not stabilizirovannogo polypropylene (melt flow index: 3.8 g/10 min at 230° C and under a load of 2160 g) are homogenized at 200°C for 10 min in plastograph of Brabender together with 0,05 frequent. pentaerythritoltetranitrate{3-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate}, 0,05 frequent. Tris{2,4-decret-butylphenyl}phosphite, 0,1 frequent. of CA stearate, 0.25 to frequent. TiO2(anatase) and stabilizatory mixture specified in table 1. Thus prepared material is subjected to direct pressed in a laboratory press between two thin aluminum foils for 6 minutes at 260°obtaining film thickness of 0.5 mm, which is immediately thereafter cooled to room temperature in a water-cooled press. Of these the 0.5-millimeter films cut out samples of size 60 mm×25 mm and incubated in weatherometer Ci 65 (temperature of black panel: 63±2°without spraying water).

These samples from the device to the effects of weather factors periodically remove and using an infrared spectrophotometer to determine the concentration of carbonyl groups. Duration of exposure, corresponding to the appearance of the carbonyl absorption of 0.1, is a measure of the effectiveness stabilizatory mixture. The obtained values are summarized in table 1.

Table 1
Stabilizer*)Ta 0.1(hours before carbonyl p is the absorption 0,1)
0.05% of compound (13)435
0.05% of compound (13)460
0,05% PET
0.05% of compound (13)770
0.10% PET
0.05% of compound (13)865
0.05% of PA6
0.05% of compound (13)710
0,10%PA6
0.05% of compound (13)635
0,05% PC
0.05% of compound (13)685
0.10% PC
0.05% of compound (13)740
0.05% of PMMA
0.05% of compound (13)960
0,10% PMMA

*) Target are high values.

Example 2: stabilization of polypropylene homopolymer film against exposure to visible light.

100 frequent. powder unstabilized polypropylene (melt flow index: 3.5 g/10 min at 230°and under a load of 2160 g) are homogenized at 200°C for 10 min in plastograph of Brabender together with 0,05 frequent. pentaerythritoltetranitrate {3-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate}, 0,05 frequent. Tris(2,4-decret-butylphenyl)FOSFA is the 0,1 frequent. of CA stearate, 0.25 to frequent. titanium dioxide (anatase)and sitosterolemia in a certain amount and the polar polymer are listed in table 2. Thus prepared material is subjected to direct pressed in a laboratory press between two thin aluminum foils for 6 minutes at 260°obtaining film thickness of 0.5 mm, which is immediately thereafter cooled to room temperature in a water-cooled press. Of these the 0.5-millimeter films cut out samples of size 60 mm×25 mm and incubated in weatherometer Ci 65 (temperature of black panel: 63±2°without spraying water).

These samples from the device to the effects of weather factors periodically remove and using an infrared spectrophotometer to determine the concentration of carbonyl groups.

Duration of exposure (T0.1), corresponding to the appearance of the carbonyl absorption of 0.1, is a measure of the effectiveness stabilizatory composition. The obtained values are summarized in table 2.

Table 2
Stabilizationhours before carbonyl absorption 0,1*)
0.05% of compound (13)740
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% PVA (®PVA N)

1760
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% PA 6 (®ULTRAMID B3K)

0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% PA 66

(®ULTRAMID A 3)

0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% PA 12

(®RILSAN (A)

0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% PA 12

(®VESTAMID L 1901)


1645



1795



1775



1655
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% polyester-amide block copolymer

(®REACH 3533 SA 00)






2255
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% PC

(®JUPILON S 3000 F)
1610
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.20% PET

(®ARNITE D 04 300)

0.05% of compound (13) and 0.20% PET

(®GRILENE M 760)

0.05% of compound (13) and 0.20% PET

(®POLYCLEAR T 86)


1535



1535



1410
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% PET-G

(®SPECTAR 14471)

0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% PET-G

(®EASTAR 6763)
1315

1435
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% pbtf was honored with

(®ULTRADUR B 4520)
1790
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% PMMA No. 11510
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% SIP

(®HOSTAFORM C 27021)


1480
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% POM (ULTRAFORM N 2320)

0.05% of soy is inane (13) and 0.10% POM copolymer ( ®KTR)


1540



2180
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% TPU

(®DESMOPAN 150 S)


945
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% PFA

(®NORYL SE 100)


1320
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% ASA

(®LURAN S 797 S)


1925
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% SAN

(®KOSTIL AR))

0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% SAN

(®LUSTRAN 32)


1385



1385
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.10% MCA

(STAPRON S SM 300)


1535

*) Target are high values.

Example 3: stabilization of polypropylene homopolymer film against exposure to visible light.

100 frequent. powder unstabilized polypropylene (melt flow index: 3.8 g/10 min at 230°and under a load of 2160 g) are homogenized at 200°C for 10 min in plastograph of Brabender together with 0,05 frequent. pentaerythritoltetranitrate {3-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate}, 0,05 frequent. Tris{2,4-decret-butylphenyl}phosphite, 0,1 frequent. of CA stearate, 0.25 to frequent. titanium dioxide (anatase)and sitosterolemia in a certain amount, a polar polymer and simultaneously introduced the additive shown in table 3. Prepared thisway material is subjected to direct pressed in a laboratory press between two thin aluminum foils for 6 minutes at 260° With obtaining film thickness of 0.5 mm, which is immediately thereafter cooled to room temperature in a water-cooled press. Of these the 0.5-millimeter films cut out samples of size 60 mm×25 mm and incubated in weatherometer Ci 65 (temperature of black panel: 63±2°without spraying water).

These samples from the device to the effects of weather factors periodically remove and using an infrared spectrophotometer to determine the concentration of carbonyl groups.

Duration of exposure (T0.1), corresponding to the appearance of the carbonyl absorption of 0.1, is a measure of the effectiveness stabilizatory composition. The obtained values are summarized in table 3.

Table 3
Stabilizationhours before carbonyl absorption *)
0.05% of compound (13)735
0.05% of compound (13) and 0.05% PMMA No. 11210
0.05% of compound (13), 0.05% of PMMA No. 1 and 0.20% of Mg stearate2610

*) Target are high values.

Example 4: stabilization of polypropylene homopolymer film against exposure to visible light.

100 frequent. powder unstabilized polypropylene (melt flow index: 3.5 g/10 min at 230°and the od load of 2160 g) are homogenized at 200° C for 10 min in plastograph of Brabender together with 0,05 frequent. pentaerythritoltetranitrate{3-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate}, 0,05 frequent. Tris{2,4-decret-butylphenyl}phosphite, 0,1 frequent. of CA stearate, 0.25 to frequent. titanium dioxide (anatase)and sitosterolemia in a certain amount and the polar polymer shown in table 4. Thus prepared material is subjected to direct pressed in a laboratory press between two thin aluminum foils for 6 minutes at 260°obtaining film thickness of 0.5 mm, which is immediately thereafter cooled to room temperature in a water-cooled press. Of these the 0.5-millimeter films cut out samples of size 60 mm×25 mm and incubated in weatherometer Ci 65 (temperature of black panel: 63±2°With spraying water).

These samples from the device to the effects of weather factors periodically remove and using an infrared spectrophotometer to determine the concentration of carbonyl groups.

Duration of exposure (T0.1), corresponding to the appearance of the carbonyl absorption of 0.1, is a measure of the effectiveness stabilizatory composition. The obtained values are summarized in table 4.

Table 4
Light*)hours to 0.1 carbonyl absorption when in addition to sitosterolaemia add 0.1% polyetherimide (®REACH 3533 SA 00)
The control experiment

0.05% of compound (13)

0.05% of compound (14)

0.05% of compound (49-a-1)

0.05% of compound (5-1)
305



1370



1280



1140



1045
210



>1690



1645



1395



1545

*) Target are high values.

1. Stabilizatory mixture of polyolefins, including

(A) spatial difficulty amine compound and

(B) a polymer containing polar residues,

moreover, the mass ratio of components (A):(B) is from 20:1 to 1:20, provided that

(1) component (B) is different from component (a) and does not contain groups of the formula (I) or (II)

in which G represents hydrogen atom or methyl, and G1and G2each independently of one another denotes hydrogen atom or methyl or together they designate Deputy =O; and

(2) component (B) is different from a polymer containing acidic hydrogen atom.

2. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that the components is HT (A) is a compound, containing at least one group of the formula (I) or (II)

in which G represents hydrogen atom or methyl, and

G1and G2each independently of one another denotes hydrogen atom or methyl or together they designate Deputy =O.

3. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that component (a) corresponds to the connection(5), (13), (14), (23), (24), (36-a-1), (36-a-2), (36-b-1), (36-b-2), (36-d), (49-a-1), (49-a-2), (49-c), (49-d), (49-e), (63), (65), (69-a), (81), (82), (102), (105) or (106), as they are presented below:

(5) 4-stearolic-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine,

(13) di(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)sebacate,

(14) di(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-yl)sebacate,

(23)di(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-yl)butyl(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)malonate,

(24) di(1-octyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)sebacate,

(36-a-1)1,2,3,4-tetrakis[2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-jocstarbunny]butane,

(36-a-2)bis[2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-jocstarbunny]bis[treeselectionmodel]butane,

(36-b-1)1,2,3,4-tetrakis[1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-jocstarbunny]butane,

(36-b-2) bis[1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-jocstarbunny]bis[treeselectionmodel]butane,

(49)2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-ylamino)2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-enaminocarbonyl)propane,

(49-d)of 1,6-bis[N-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)formylamino]hexane,

(63)2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-7-oxa-3,20-diaza-21-oxidiser[5.1.11.2]heneicosan,

(65)8-acetyl-3-dodecyl-1,3,8-triaza-7,7,9,9-tetramethylspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione,

4. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that component (a) corresponds to the compound (76), (82-a), (84-1), (84-1-b), (84-2), (91-1), (92), (93), (96-I), (96-II), (97-I), (97-II), (99-I), (99-II), (99-III), (100) or (101-I)

where R' denotes a group of the formula

and m1denotes a number from 2 to 40,

and m4denotes a number from 2 to 40,

and m4denotes a number from 2 to 40,

and m4denotes a number from 2 to 40,

in which m11* denotes a number from 2 to 40, each of the radicals R* independently of one another denotes ethyl or 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl, provided that at least 50% of the radicals R* are in the share of 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl, and the other radicals R* are Emily,

and m12denotes a number from 2 to 40,

and m12denotes a number from 2 to 40,

and m16denotes a number from 2 to 50,

and m16* denotes a number from 2 to 50,

and m17denotes a number from 1 to 20,

(97-II)

and m17denotes a number from 1 to 20,

and G11denotes a hydrogen atom or methyl, a m19denotes a number from 1 to 25,

and G11denotes a hydrogen atom or methyl, a m19denotes a number from 1 to 25,

and G11denotes a hydrogen atom or methyl, and m19denotes a number from 1 to 25,

(100) product, which can be obtained by reaction of the intermediate product obtained by the reaction polyamine formula (100A) with cyanuric chloride, with a compound of formula (100b)

and m21denotes a number from 1 to 20.

5. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 3, characterized in that the comp is the component (a) corresponds to the compound (5), (13), (14), (24), (49-a-1), (49-a-2) or (49-d).

6. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 3, characterized in that component (a) corresponds to the compound (13).

7. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 4, characterized in that component (a) corresponds to the compound (76), (84-1), (84-1-b), (92),(93), (99-I), (100) or (101-I).

8. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 4, characterized in that component (a) corresponds to the compound (76), (84-1), (84-1-b), (92) or (100).

9. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that the mass ratio of components (A):(B) ranges from 5:1 to 1:5.

10. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that the polymer containing polar residues, is a

(B-1) haloesters polymer

(B-2) a polymer derivationally from α,β-unsaturated acid or its derivative,

(B-3) an Acrylonitrile-butadiene copolymer, Acrylonitrile-alkylacrylate copolymer, ethylene-acrylate copolymer, Acrylonitrile-alkoxyalkane or Acrylonitrile-vinylchloride copolymers or Acrylonitrile-alkylmethacrylamide-butadiene ternary copolymer,

(B-4) polymer, derivationally from unsaturated alcohols and amines or their acyl derivatives or acetals,

(B-5) the homopolymers or copolymers of cyclic ethers,

(B-6) Polyacetal,

(B-7) Polyphenylene oxyde or a mixture of Polyphenylene the IDA with other polymers

(B-8) polyurethane,

(B-9) polyamide or copolyamide,

(B-10) polyurea, polyimide, polyamidoimide, simple polyetherimide, complex polyetherimide, poligeenan, polybenzimidazole or polyvinylimidazole,

(B-11) is a complex polyester

(B-12) polycarbonate or complex politicalpunch,

(B-13) a polysulfone, a simple polyethersulfone or simple polyetherketone,

(B-14) polymer, derivationally from aldehydes on the one hand and phenols, urea or melamine on the other hand,

(B-15) drying or non-drying alkyd resin,

(B-16) unsaturated koinopolitia resin,

(B-17) (changeable) acrylate resin,

(B-18) alkyd resin, koinopolitia resin or acrylate resin, crosslinked with melamine resins, mochevinnye resins, isocyanates, isocyanurates, polyisocyanates or epoxy resins

(B-19) epoxy resin,

(B-20) cellulose or chemically modified homologous derivatives

(B-21) polyorganosiloxane,

(B-22) polyvinylformal (PVF),

(B-23) polyaryletheretherketone (Cape peek) or

(B-24) copolymers vinylaromatic monomers.

11. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 10, characterized in that the polymer containing polar residues, which are selected from groups (B-2), (B-4), (B-6), (B-7), (B-8), (B-9), (b),(B-12)and(B-13).

12. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that component (B) is a polyacrylate, polymethylacrylate (PMA), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), polyacrylonitrile (PAN), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), polyvinyl acetate (PVAC), Polyoxymethylene (POM), Polyphenylene simple ether (PFA), polyurethane, polyamide 3 (PA 3), polyamide 6 (PA 6), polyamide 11 (PA 11), polyamide 12 (PA 12), polyamide 66 (PA 66), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polybutylene terephthalate (pbtf was honored with), polylactic acid (PLA), polycarbonate (PC) or a simple polyethersulfone (PES), or aromaticspecialities the polysulfone (PSF) with a repeating unit of the formula

13. Stabilizatory mixture under item 1, characterized in that component (B) is a polyamide (PA), copolymer of acrylic ester/styrene/Acrylonitrile (ASA), styrene-Acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN), styrene/maleic anhydride (SMA) or polyetherimide.

14. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that component (B) is polymethylacrylate (PMA), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), polyamide (PA), Polyoxymethylene (POM), copolymer of acrylic ester/styrene/Acrylonitrile (ASA) or polyetherimide.

15. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that the component (A) is a compound di(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)sebacate, component (B) is a polyethylene which terephthalate (PET), polyamide 6 (PA 6), polycarbonate (PC), polymethylacrylate (PMA) or polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), and the mass ratio of components (A):(B) ranges from 5:1 to 1:5.

16. Stabilizatory mixture according to item 15, wherein the component (B) is poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA).

17. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that the component (A) is a compound di(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-4-yl)sebacate or a compound of the formula

and m4denotes a number from 2 to 40,

and the component (B) is a polyamide (PA), Polyoxymethylene (POM) or polyetherimide.

18. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that as another component further comprises (XX) an organic salt of CA, inorganic salt, Sa, Sa oxide or hydroxide CA.

19. Stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1, characterized in that as another component further comprises (XXX) organic salt of Zn, an inorganic salt of Zn, a Zn oxide, a hydroxide of Zn, organic salt of Mg, an inorganic salt of Mg, Mg oxide or hydroxide of Mg.

20. Stabilized polyolefin composition comprising a polyolefin and stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1.

21. The composition according to claim 20, characterized in that the polyolefin is polyethylene or polypropylene, or a copolymer of polyethylene or polypropylene.

22. JV the property stabilization of polyolefin against destruction, induced visible light, heat or oxidation, which comprises introducing the polyolefin stabilizatory mixture according to claim 1.



 

Same patents:

The invention relates to a flexible brush, consisting of a mixture of polymers, in particular to a toothbrush with a flexible neck area
The invention relates to the production of polymeric products

The invention relates to powder clarifier number sorbitol-xylitol-acetaline connections for clarification of a semicrystalline polyolefin resins and compositions based on it

The invention relates to polyolefin polymer compositions, intended for the production of transparent films having satisfactory anti-adhesion ability

The invention relates to polyolefins

The invention relates to polymer mixtures containing olefinic polymer, monotinicity aromatic polymer and the agent compatibility

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: composition contains, wt %: vinylidene fluoride 20-40, methyl methacrylate homopolymer or copolymer, acryl elastomer 5-18, and UV-absorbing substance 1-4. Invention also discloses jointly extruded films (options) and substrates covered by these films. Invention enables preparing composition with not rising UV-absorbing substances and manufacturing films showing high mechanical strength and providing high-quality adhesion to substrate while being resistant to radiation.

EFFECT: improved consumer's properties of films.

14 cl, 7 ex

FIELD: carbon materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns production of polymer material, which can be employed to manufacture construction-destination porous carbon articles. Polymer composition is filled with hardened phenol-formaldehyde resin and powder-like vanadium complex VO(C36H49O5N2) formed when vanadium is recovered from exhausted process solutions produced in processing of ferrous-metallurgy charge slags as product of reaction between metavanadate and bis-amino-phenol-formaldehyde oligomer. Composition also includes lubricant. Proportions of constituents are the following, wt %: pulverized bakelite 36-43.8, hardened phenol-formaldehyde resin 36-43.8, vanadium complex 10-25, and lubricant 2.4-3.0.

EFFECT: increased strength of porous carbon articles.

1 tbl, 7 ex

The invention relates to a method for producing polyolefin hollow articles using the centrifugal molding to a combination of technological additives

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The invention relates to the tire and rubber industry, in particular stabilizers that protect the rubber mixtures based on natural and synthetic rubber General purpose from heat and svetozarevo aging and cracking during repeated deformation

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The invention relates to flame-retardant mixture, including:

a) the polymer composition;

b) fosforsoderzhashchie connection;

c) triazine inhibitor of ignition, with the mass ratio (a), (b) and (C) lying between 94:1:5 and 35:30:35

The rubber mixture // 2232172
The invention relates to the rubber industry, in particular the production of rubber compounds used for the manufacture of products for various purposes, including acoustic coatings

The rubber mixture // 2232171
The invention relates to the rubber industry, in particular the production of rubber compounds used for the manufacture of products for various purposes, including acoustic coatings

The rubber mixture // 2232170
The invention relates to the rubber industry, in particular the production of rubber compounds used for the manufacture of products for various purposes, such as plates for acoustic coatings

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions containing (i) elastomer sensitive to oxidative, thermal, dynamic, or light- and/or ozone-induced degradation and (ii), as stabilizer, at least one compound belonging to type of S-substituted 4-(3-mercaptosulfinyl-2-hydroxypropylamino)diphenylamine, as well as to a method for preventing decoloration of substrates coming into contact with elastomers and to a method for stabilizing elastomers consisting in introducing into the latter or coating them with at least one compound belonging to type of S-substituted 4-(3-mercaptosulfinyl-2-hydroxypropylamino)diphenylamine. Composition of stabilized elastomer comprises (a) natural-origin or synthetic elastomer sensitive to degradation as mentioned above and (b) stabilizer, in particular at least one compound having following general formula 1: [R-S(=O)mCH2-CH(OH)-CH2]n-N(R1)2-n-R2 (1), where R represents C4-C20-alkyl, hydroxy-substituted C4-C20-alkyl, phenyl, benzyl, α-methylbenzyl, α,α-dimethykbenzyl, cyclohexyl, or -(CH2)qCOOR3, and, when m=0, R can be and, when n=1 and R4 is hydrogen, can also be R2-R1N-CH2-CH(OH)-CH2-S(=O)m(CH2)x- or R2-R1N-CH2-CH(OH)-CH2-S(=O)m-CH2-CH2-(O-CH2-CH2)y-; R1 represents hydrogen, cyclohexyl, or C3-C12-alkyl; R2 represents group ; R3 C1-C18-alkyl; R4 hydrogen or CH2-CH(OH)-CH2-S(=O)m-R; X C1-C8-alkyl; Y C1-C8-alkyl; m=0 or 1, n=1 or 2, q=1 or q=2-6, and y=1 or 2. Compounds of formula 1 stabilize elastomers, especially low-colored ones, prevent oxidative, thermal, dynamic, or light- and/or ozone-induced degradation thereof, and prevent decoloration of substrates coming into contact with elastomers.

EFFECT: enlarged assortment of elastomer-conditioning reagents.

16 cl, 3 tbl, 6 ex

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