Suction apparatus with water filtering

FIELD: suction equipment.

SUBSTANCE: suction apparatus has zone for sucking air and contaminants from the outside, container with water or other liquid, into which sucked substance is directed for primary mixing of air with water, and curvilinear channel arranged at container outlet end, with air and water being additionally mixed in said channel. Rotating dynamic separator is provided at outlet end of curvilinear channel for separating air from remaining particles and liquid. Apparatus is further equipped with turbine driven by engine and adapted for passage of air mass therethrough before it is discharged to the outside, and transfer channel provided within container and adapted for transferring of liquid separated from air mass.

EFFECT: increased quality of filtering exit air.

7 cl, 17 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a suction device with filtered water.

More specifically this invention relates to a device of this type, providing quality air filtration according to the rules of the measurements shown in the manual EN 1822, comparable with existing devices or exceeding them, without the use of external filters.

Currently, the choice of items such as vacuum cleaners, vacuum cleaners, filtration systems fluid systems reduce dust, etc. is very wide and varied.

The most known and widely used device collects the dirt in the bag (standard vacuum cleaner).

These devices, even the most widely used, are not highly effective against dust removal. Even with increased dust removal through the use of special additional filters after a certain time the efficiency of the device decreases rapidly, because these filters quickly become clogged, significantly reducing the performance characteristics of the new device.

Other proposed recently products are vacuum cleaners and dry vacuum cleaners, i.e. collections of contamination in the tanks and reservoirs (device for suction of solid particles and liquid).

In both cases it is not possible to achieve high EF is aktivnosti against dust, and even if it is achieving through the use of special additional external filters is the same performance, which was mentioned above in relation to devices with a bag to collect the dirt.

Recently been created devices that along with the collection of larger contaminants also perform the task of the air filter by removing the contained particles, such as particles and particles of dust.

The solution to this task is achieved through the interaction of the air with a special high-efficiency filters, consisting of special materials that do not allow passage of particles greater than size fractions of a micron (e.g., HEPA filter), and through a combination of system interaction of the air with water and the interaction of air filters. In each case there is a problem with the fact that in any case when using the device performance, because the airborne particles clog the pores of the filter, limiting or completely interrupting the flow of air and thus reducing the operating characteristic of the suction device.

At the present state of the art devices that provide water filtration, can be divided into the following types.

Devices that use Venturi tubes, with the a single which should be mentioned device, created by the firm TPA Impex S.p.A. These devices is based on the use of the principle of the Venturi tubes, i.e. the pressure drop created by the airflow, causing the absorption of water from the reservoir and its mixing with dirty air.

Device that directs the flow of dirty air into the water collection tank where it is mixed with water. In the lower part of such device is provided by molecular mechanical system that performs a further separation of contaminants and airborne moisture.

The device that creates the primary interaction between water and air, thus providing a more or less pronounced way more explicit separation of water from air before it is released into the atmosphere.

It should also be noted that such devices can be variously combined to exploit their inherent advantages.

Based on the foregoing, the Applicant has created a suction device with filtered water, which can eliminate the above disadvantages.

The main task of the present invention is a device that provides quality air filtration according to the rules of the measurements shown in the manual EN 1822, comparable with existing devices or exceeding them, without the use of external filters.

Another C the dacha of the present invention is a device, in which to collect particles and dust particles is ensured by eliminating additional filters using only the interaction between air and water. Another object of the present invention is to provide a device in which the possibility of collecting particles and dust particles remains constant during the whole lifetime of the device without reducing the performance of the filter.

In this regard, a particular object of the present invention is to provide a suction device with filtered water, containing:

the area of the suction air and dirt outside,

the container with water or other liquid, which is directed sucked the primary substance for mixing air and water,

a curved channel at the outlet of the container in which the mixing of air and water,

rotating dynamic separator at the outlet of the curved channel that provides the air is separated from any residual particles from the liquid,

a turbine driven by the engine, through which are passed air mass before you blow it out,

the transmission channel for the liquid separated from the air mass inside the container.

Preferably according to the present invention sucked outside air is directed at the wall of the housing is disorder, thus the slow and primary air is separated from the contaminants with a larger size.

According to the present invention the container with water or other liquid forms one or more walls, creating a forced path for the air-water mixture. In addition, according to the present invention, the curved channel is made without corners, which can cause sedimentation and flow resistance.

Also according to the present invention a rotating dynamic separator has a rib site, preferably consisting of ribs 52 of a suitable cross-section, placed along the cylindrical surface.

In a particularly preferred implementation of the device which is the subject of the present invention, under the separator can be placed two stationary labyrinth seal, located between the separator and the housing of the device.

In addition, according to the invention in the exhaust channel to air in the direction of exit in the environment can be placed stationary filters.

Next will be described the present invention to illustrate, but not limit its scope to the preferred example of implementation options with reference to the accompanying drawings, on which:

figure 1 shows the first side section to the left of the device containing the system, playmouse the subject of the present invention;

figure 2 shows the front section of the device shown in figure 1;

figure 3 shows a perspective view of the reservoir of the device shown in figure 1;

figure 4 shows the second side section to the left of the device containing the system, which is the subject of the present invention;

figure 5 shows a cut above of the device shown in figure 1;

figure 6 depicts a perspective view of the upper bearing of the motor of the device shown in figure 1;

figure 7 depicts the third lateral incision to the left of the device containing the system, which is the subject of the present invention;

on Fig shows a view similar to the view of figure 5;

figure 9 depicts a perspective view of the molecular separator device which is the subject of the present invention;

figure 10 shows the fourth lateral incision to the left of the device containing the system, which is the subject of the present invention;

figure 11 shows a view similar to the view of figure 7;

on Fig depicts another perspective view of the molecular separator device which is the subject of the present invention;

on FISA, 13b and 13C depict labyrinth strip separator device which is the subject of the present invention;

on Fig shows the view from the right side of the device containing the system, which is the PR what dmeta of the present invention;

on Fig depicts another type of slit in the front of the device containing the system, which is the subject of the present invention;

on Fig depicts another type of slit on top of the device containing the system, which is the subject of the present invention;

on Fig depicts another perspective view of the upper bearing of the motor of the device containing the system, which is the subject of the present invention.

Studying the figures on the accompanying drawings provides individualization device suction-filtered water according to the present invention.

As shown in figure 1, the air flow and dirt that is absorbed from the environment, is moved into the housing of the device 1 through the pipe 2. The air hits the wall 3 of the device 1, which causes the slowdown, as well as the first part of the air from the intake of contaminants with the greatest size.

After that, the air flow enters the tank 4, is designed to collect dirt, and the tank contains water. Tank 4 includes a dividing wall 6, which passes the flow, maximizing thus the interaction.

Here are the primary mixing of the air and water due to the interaction of the air flow sucked from the outside, with water contained in the tank 4. Inside the tank 4 provided the second wall 5, forming a forced path for air.

Figure 3 shows the entrance to the waste water in the direction of the channel (arrow a) and a mixture of water and exhaust air in the direction of the channel (arrow), while the arrow indicates the flow of air and dirt from the outside.

From the tank 4 air stream connected with water under the influence of the retractor effect, passes through the curved channel 7, where the mixing of air and water continues until the stream reaches (rotating) molecular separator 8 (see figure 4, 5 and 6).

The dimensions of the channel 7 is selected in such a way as to cause a slow air, followed by increasing the effect of mixing air and water, and that the channel had no corners, which can cause unwanted deposition of dirt and resistance to flow.

As already mentioned, the mixture at the outlet of the channel 7 is sent to the fan 8 (separator) (see Fig.7 and 8).

In particular, the separator 8 (see figures 9 and 10) is rotating dynamic separator (first step), containing the site of the ribs 52 having a suitable cross-section and is placed around the cylindrical surface. The centrifugal action of the separator 8, which can rotate at a speed of about 22000 rpm, ensures the air is separated from the liquid and from other possible remaining particles. Under the molecular separator 8 times esena turbine 9.

In addition, on 11, 12 and 13 clearly shows that to prevent possible infiltration of water between dynamic separator 8 and the housing 1 under the molecular separator 8 has two labyrinth gaskets 10 and 11.

Thanks to a special labyrinth-shaped strips 10 and 11 and through the air cushion " effect that occurs within these labyrinth seals 10 and 11, using air exit chamber through the opening 10' in the gasket 10 is not allowed the passage of particles of water in the channel of air discharge into the environment.

Under turbine 9 is the motor 12.

Air mass separated thereby from the liquid component and from dust particles, is thus in contact with the turbine 9 and passes through the latter part of the canal, from which it is discharged into the environment.

The liquid together with the dust passes through the channel 12 within the tank to the water filter (see Fig).

If you want a high level of air purification (for example, in the case of allergies, hospitals etc), in any case, you can add static filters such as HEPA filters), placed at the end of the channel 13 on the output of cleaned air from the device 1.

This solution allows to achieve a very high degree of purification from dust (99,9% according to the rules of EN 1822), thus increasing the service life of these Phil the TRS and thus, the system efficiency of absorption compared with other systems.

The present invention is described for purposes of illustration, but not limiting its scope, according to preferred variants of its realization, but for specialists in the art should be obvious possibility of making modifications and/or changes without deviating from the relevant scope of patent claims, as defined in the claims.

1. Suction device with filtered water, containing an area of suction air and dirt on the outside of the container with water or other liquid, which is directed sucked the primary substance for mixing air and water, a curved channel at the outlet of the container in which the mixing of air and water, rotating dynamic separator at the outlet of the curved channel that provides the air is separated from any residual particles from the fluid, a turbine driven by the engine, through which are passed air mass before you blow it out, the transmission channel for the liquid separated from the air mass inside the container.

2. Suction device with filtered water according to claim 1, in which the intake outside air is directed at the wall of the housing of the device, providing a slow and primary branch the air from pollution, having larger sizes.

3. Suction device with filtered water according to claim 1 or 2, in which the container with water or other liquid forms one or more walls, creating a forced path for the air-water mixture.

4. Suction device with filtered water according to claim 1 , in which the curvilinear channel made without angles, which cause the deposition and resistance to flow.

5. Suction device with filtered water according to claim 1, in which a rotating dynamic separator has a rib site, preferably consisting of ribs 52 of a suitable cross-section, placed along the cylindrical surface.

6. Suction device with filtered water according to claim 5, in which the separator has two stationary labyrinth seal, located between the separator and the housing of the device.

7. Suction device with filtered water according to claim 1, in which the outlet port for the air in the direction of the exit into the environment posted by a fixed filters.



 

Same patents:

Car vacuum cleaner // 2175519
The invention relates to vehicles, particularly automotive cleaners

The invention relates to the harvesting technique and can be used to collect various mechanical and liquid contaminants in large volumes

The invention relates to the field of cleaning equipment and can be used to collect various mechanical and liquid contaminants, corrosive, flammable and explosive

The invention relates to means for cleaning and can be used in vehicles with internal combustion engine

Vacuum cleaner // 2069062
The invention relates to the treatment technique and can be used for cleaning of industrial premises

Car vacuum cleaner // 2050824
The invention relates to the necessities of man, namely to the gun cleaning

FIELD: suction equipment.

SUBSTANCE: suction apparatus has zone for sucking air and contaminants from the outside, container with water or other liquid, into which sucked substance is directed for primary mixing of air with water, and curvilinear channel arranged at container outlet end, with air and water being additionally mixed in said channel. Rotating dynamic separator is provided at outlet end of curvilinear channel for separating air from remaining particles and liquid. Apparatus is further equipped with turbine driven by engine and adapted for passage of air mass therethrough before it is discharged to the outside, and transfer channel provided within container and adapted for transferring of liquid separated from air mass.

EFFECT: increased quality of filtering exit air.

7 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning equipment and can be used in devices intended to collect various contaminants in industrial premises, including fire and explosion premises. Industrial vacuum cleaner comprises a housing with a lid, the main ejector, a suction hose with a nozzle. Industrial vacuum cleaner differs from the known ones in the fact that on the lid has two auxiliary ejectors are mounted, and the output of each auxiliary ejector is connected to the respective filter located in the housing cavity, and the passive input of each auxiliary ejector communicates with the atmosphere, the passive input of the main ejector is connected to the suction hose, and at the output of the main ejector a valve is mounted in the form of an elastic element, one of the outputs of the jet trigger with separate inputs is connected to the input of the jet discrete monostable element, and through the first delay element, with the control of the input of the first distribution valve, the second output of the jet trigger with separate inputs is connected to the control of input of the second distribution valve, direct output of jet discrete monostable element through the second delay element is connected with the input of the jet trigger with separate inputs by which it switches to a state when the compressed air is supplied to the control input of the second distribution valve, inverse output of the jet discrete monostable element via the third delay element is connected to the second input of the jet trigger with separate inputs, output of the second distribution valve, corresponding to the atmospheric input, is connected with active input of the main ejector, and the second output of this valve is connected to the feeding input of the first distribution valve, each of the outputs of the first distribution valve is connected to the active input of one of the auxiliary ejectors.

EFFECT: improved operational properties of the vacuum cleaner and simplification of maintenance.

4 cl, 1 dwg

Up!