Method for producing of doubled carpet covering "ecofloor"

FIELD: textile industry, in particular, manufacture of formed articles of car saloon.

SUBSTANCE: method involves manufacturing face side in the form of needle-stitched structured web; manufacturing reverse side in the form of needle-stitched web and doubling resultant webs. Web is structured on needle stitching machine by means of stitching needles equipped with notches, which entrain fibers upon passage through web and pull to predetermined depth into brush conveyor where pile is formed. Manufacturing of needle-stitched web involves preparing of fibrous mixture; forming cloth; transformation of cloth and securing of cloth. Fibrous mixture is prepared in mellowing and mixing unit, where fiber mellowing and mixing processes are provided, with following forming of fibrous cloth from ready fibrous mixture. Cloth is then delivered to combing converter adapted for producing of multilayer fibrous cloth with randomly arranged fibers. Cloth is then delivered by means of discharge conveyor to needle stitching machine for converting thereof into web. Doubling is provided by stitching together of needle-stitched web and needle-stitched structured web by means of stitching needles or by means of thermal adhesive(s) during forming of parts.

EFFECT: improved ecology control owing to the use of biocomponent low melting point fibers, various production wastes without use of binders, such as polymeric dispersions.

 

The invention relates to the textile industry, in particular to the manufacture of molded parts of the vehicle interior.

Already well-known method for the production of duplicated carpet (see USSR author's certificate No. 1683885, publ. 15.10.1991).

The disadvantage of this method is low ecological compatibility, complexity of manufacture.

The objective of the claimed invention is aimed at ensuring sustainability, for use in the manufacture of bicomponent (fusible) fibers of different waste production and production binder (polymer dispersion).

The objective of the claimed invention is achieved by that in the method of production of the duplicate of the carpet, including the manufacture of the front side in the form of punched structured canvas, making the wrong side in the form of needle-punched nonwovens and duplication of paintings, structuring fabric is punched on the car by punching needles with notches, which when passing through the fabric to capture the fiber and dragged to the desired depth in the brush conveyor, where the formation of the pile, the production of needle-punched fabric includes the preparation of a fibrous mixture; hollofibre, the transformation of the canvas, the bond of the canvas, and GE is the preparation of a fibrous mixture is carried out at replicale-blended aggregate, where there are processes loosening and mixing of the fibers, and then from the finished fibrous mixture to form fibrous canvas, which is supplied to the Converter webs intended for producing a multilayer fibrous canvas with chaotic arrangement of fibres, with end discharge conveyor canvas comes to needling machine for transformations in the canvas, duplicate is produced through the knitting needle and needle structured canvases using piercing needles, or using thermoadhesive, or using thermoadhesive in the molding process details.

Examples of the method and use of equipment.

The molding takes place through the use of fusible fibers and thermoadhesive in the manufacture of carpet fabric.

These technologies, for the production of paintings can not be applied polymer dispersion, i.e. ensure the sustainability of the use of such paintings in the manufacture and subsequent operation.

Manufacture of carpeting ≪Ecopol≫ is carried out in 3 stages:

1. The manufacture of the front side punched structured canvas.

2. Making the wrong side - punched fabric.

3. Duplication of paintings (3 variants duplication).

1. Making face poprobyu the CSOs structured canvas.

Composition: polyester fiber, polypropylene fiber and a mixture of the various schemes.

The structuring of the canvas is on a special machine needle through the piercing needles with notches, which when passing through the fabric to capture the fiber and dragged to the desired depth in the brush conveyor, where the formation of the pile.

2. Making the wrong side - punched fabric.

Composition:

- polyester fiber, polypropylene fiber, natural fibers, waste production-90-40%
- bicomponent, fusible fiber-10-60%.

3. The duplication.

The duplication process is carried out in 3 ways:

option 1: the Duplication is due to the blending of paintings using piercing needles.

option 2: Duplication occurs using thermoadhesive.

option 3: Duplication occurs using thermoadhesive in the molding process details.

1 option.

The process occurs on a punched equipment, where the duplication of the needle structured canvas and needle-punched fabric.

Punch needle is captured by a certain number of fibers of the needled fabric and pulled on is definitely the depth of needle structured canvas, thus is the Union of two canvases.

option 2.

The process is performed on special equipment for applying thermoadhesive. Structured canvas arrives on site construction thermoadhesive, then in the heating chamber to soften it. When you exit the camera on a structured fabric superimposed on top approvee canvas and using cooling calenders duplication occurs paintings.

3 option.

The process occurs when the molded parts. Structured canvas is supplied to the node Sands thermoadhesive. Then superimposed on top of needle-punched fabric. Transverse knife cut the necessary footage, thereby forming the workpiece. The workpiece is fed to the heating chamber for softening thermoadhesive and then in the space of a press cold press-form.

The manufacture of cloth consists of two stages:

1.1. Manufacture of needle punched cloth;

1.2. Production of structured canvas.

1.1. Production of needle-punched fabric.

The technological process of production of needle punched cloth consists of the following stages:

- preparation of fibrous mixtures;

- hollofibre;

- conversion of the canvas;

- bond of the canvas.

Preparation of fibrous mixture is carried out at replicale-blended aggregate, where the processes occur, which is to be placed and blending fibers.

Then, the finished fibrous mixture is supplied to the equipment, where hollofibre.

The purpose of hollofibre is the formation of textile fibers of the fibrous canvas - layer with a certain density thickening fibers and their particular orientation.

Formed fibrous canvas is supplied to the Converter webs, which is designed for repeated addition of webs, with the aim of obtaining a multilayer fibrous canvas of a certain width and surface density with chaotic arrangement of fibres. Using the drop conveyor multilayer mass produced needling machine for conversion into the fabric. Bond fibrous canvas or transformation in the canvas is a mechanical way. This method is based on the mechanical effect piercing needles with notches on fiber canvas, resulting in a jam through needles fibers through the thickness of the canvas fasten and seal it.

1.2. Production of structured canvas.

The manufacturing process structured canvas consists of one stage: structuring.

The purpose of this process is to change the structure of needle-punched fabric, in this case, the formation of the pile layer.

A method of manufacturing a duplicate of carpets is the first coating, includes the manufacture of the front side in the form of punched structured canvas, making the wrong side in the form of needle-punched nonwovens and duplication of paintings, and the structuring fabric is punched on the car by punching needles with notches, which when passing through the fabric to capture the fiber and dragged to the desired depth in the brush conveyor, where the formation of the pile, the production of needle-punched fabric includes the preparation of a fibrous mixture; hollofibre, the transformation of the canvas, the bond of the canvas, and the preparation of the fibrous mixture is carried out at replicale-blended aggregate, where the processes of loosening and mixing of the fibers, and then from the finished fibrous mixture to form fibrous canvas, which is supplied to the Converter webs intended for producing a multilayer fibrous canvas with chaotic arrangement of fibres, with end discharge conveyor canvas comes to needling machine for transformations in the canvas, duplicate is produced through the knitting needle and needle structured canvases using piercing needles, or using thermoadhesive, or using thermoadhesive in the molding process details.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: textile industry, in particular, finishing of articles and materials for various purposes with pile patterns by electric flocking process.

SUBSTANCE: method involves producing patterns of predetermined shape by forming pile pattern at zone separation boundary provided that separation boundary potential is equal to U1-Uh1/h, where U is potential of upper boundary of flocking zone, h1 is height of lower flocking zone, h is height of entire flocking zone. This is provided by sequentially applying piles of different color in electric field divided into two zones in vertical plane, with electric field intensity during final application process carried out in homogeneous field having one zone being set equal to that of the entire space of both zones by setting potential of boundary separation zone equal to U1=Uh1/h, where U is potential of flocking zone upper boundary, h1 is height of flocking zone lower boundary, h is height of the entire flocking zone.

EFFECT: provision for producing of patterns of predetermined shape.

1 dwg, 1 tbl

The invention relates to the production of nonwoven materials used, for example, in the protection of human breathing vapors from gases and toxic substances, decorative-absorbing elements of technical means of environmental protection, debilitating adverse effects on human anthropogenic pollutants and products of metabolism
The invention relates to the field of light industry, namely, creating decorative items, and toys containing carpet, and can be used to create products, needlework, and children's toys-homemade

The invention relates to the production of soft fleecy coating
The invention relates to the field of light industry, namely, creating toys with alternating tufted nonwoven coating, and can be used to create toys-homemade

The invention relates to the textile industry, in particular the production of materials for various purposes with pile pictures

The invention relates to electret filter media effect with improved filtration capacity (the so-called "electret filters")

The invention relates to the structure of the fibrous filler variable-density, corrugated, in which the corrugations are connected by the resin or by using a heat treatment, and the method of its manufacture

FIELD: textile industry, in particular, finishing of articles and materials for various purposes with pile patterns by electric flocking process.

SUBSTANCE: method involves producing patterns of predetermined shape by forming pile pattern at zone separation boundary provided that separation boundary potential is equal to U1-Uh1/h, where U is potential of upper boundary of flocking zone, h1 is height of lower flocking zone, h is height of entire flocking zone. This is provided by sequentially applying piles of different color in electric field divided into two zones in vertical plane, with electric field intensity during final application process carried out in homogeneous field having one zone being set equal to that of the entire space of both zones by setting potential of boundary separation zone equal to U1=Uh1/h, where U is potential of flocking zone upper boundary, h1 is height of flocking zone lower boundary, h is height of the entire flocking zone.

EFFECT: provision for producing of patterns of predetermined shape.

1 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: textile industry, in particular, manufacture of formed articles of car saloon.

SUBSTANCE: method involves manufacturing face side in the form of needle-stitched structured web; manufacturing reverse side in the form of needle-stitched web and doubling resultant webs. Web is structured on needle stitching machine by means of stitching needles equipped with notches, which entrain fibers upon passage through web and pull to predetermined depth into brush conveyor where pile is formed. Manufacturing of needle-stitched web involves preparing of fibrous mixture; forming cloth; transformation of cloth and securing of cloth. Fibrous mixture is prepared in mellowing and mixing unit, where fiber mellowing and mixing processes are provided, with following forming of fibrous cloth from ready fibrous mixture. Cloth is then delivered to combing converter adapted for producing of multilayer fibrous cloth with randomly arranged fibers. Cloth is then delivered by means of discharge conveyor to needle stitching machine for converting thereof into web. Doubling is provided by stitching together of needle-stitched web and needle-stitched structured web by means of stitching needles or by means of thermal adhesive(s) during forming of parts.

EFFECT: improved ecology control owing to the use of biocomponent low melting point fibers, various production wastes without use of binders, such as polymeric dispersions.

FIELD: production of a product made out of a non-woven material with a three-dimensional stamping.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to a product made out of product made out of a non-woven material with a three-dimensional stamping, in particular, of a flat form consisting of fibers and-or elementary filaments and having on its both sides the areas with uniformly or non-uniformly alternating elevations and the excavations and separated from each other across a direction of the material driving by non-stamping solid sections, which are drawn out in the direction of the drive of the material and occupy from 5 up to 50 % of the surface of the non-stamped non-woven material. At that the elevations arranged on one side form on the opposite side an excavations, and correspondingly the excavations arranged on one side form on the opposite side of elevations. At that the elevations located on both sides are made boldly protruding in respect to the surfaces, which are on both sides formed by imaginary prolongation of the surfaces of non-stamped solid areas. The offered invention also concerns the method of manufacture of the above-stated product and the device for its realization. The offered invention ensures production of a stamped non-woven material, which not require an additional stabilizing layer, after previous compression would return its initial form better, than the so far known versions and which due to that would be better suitable for absorption of liquids of a different composition or for transportation of the liquids into an absorption layer.

EFFECT: the invention ensures production of a stamped non-woven material not requiring an additional stabilizing layer, better than the so far known versions restoring its initial form after compression, better suitable for absorption of different liquids and for their transportation into an absorption layer.

22 cl, 7 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: textile industry, in particular, nonwoven multilayer artistic-ornamental textile materials.

SUBSTANCE: nonwoven material has at least two layers formed and thermally treated under pressure, with following compression of formed material by double-sided stitching by needles and overturning of material. One of said layers includes continuous web made from threads and at least other layer includes random number of flat and fiber-like pieces of various sizes, said pieces being placed one onto another or arranged one between others. Loops are formed on outer side of material from threads and fibers of layer components, said loops being produced by penetrating needles through the entire thickness of material.

EFFECT: wider range and increased strength of nonwoven materials.

4 cl, 2 dwg, 5 ex

FIELD: textile industry, in particular, finishing of various articles and materials with pile patterns produced by electric flocculation process.

SUBSTANCE: method involves sequentially applying piles of various colors in electric field divided, according to pile advancement direction, into two zones: initial and final; finally applying piles in homogeneous field having one zone; simultaneously varying electric field intensity during all application stages except for final stage, said variations being provided simultaneously at initial zone within the range of from Ei=(U-U1)/(h-h1) to Ei≈0, and in final zone after passage by piles of interface boundary within the range of from Ef=(U1-U0)/h1 to Ef=(U-U0)/h1, by setting zone interface boundary potential from U1=(U-U0)h1/h to U1=U, where U potential of outer boundary of flocculation initial zone; U0 is potential of outer boundary of flocculation initial zone; h1 is size of final flocculation zone in direction of advancement of pipe; h is total size of both flocculation zones in direction of advancement of piles.

EFFECT: wider range of adjustment of pattern shapes and distinctness of color transition sites owing to formation of pile pattern by varying of electric field intensities.

1 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: manufacturing process.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the textile industry, in particular to a method for manufacturing tufted material, used as flooring, as well as for interior decoration. The method consists in applying a binder - fine hot melt polyethylene powder, on the secondary synthetic non-woven substrate. The binder while heated turns into a plastic condition. Then under pressure it connects the secondary substrate with a primary polypropylene woven substrate, stitched with pile of synthetic yarn. The application of the binder is carried out on the secondary substrate, while its progress and effect of temperature on top. The connection of the primary substrate and the secondary substrate with a binder in a plastic condition is carried out under a pressure of 0.3-0.7 MPa, while the impact of the temperature of the lower calender of 130-150 C and the temperature of the upper calender of 50-80 C. The primary substrate is fed directly into the joint area of layers, at a rate of admission of the secondary substrate with the binder. In the result manufacturability of the carpet is improved due to separation of stages of the binder melting and the layers connecting.

EFFECT: increased strength of binding of substrates across the surface while maintaining the appearance of the pile layer.

2 tbl, 6 ex, 2 dwg

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method to manufacture a textile cover (2) from a linen (3) of fibre containing: a rear surface (8B), the first area (5), the second area (7) and a front surface (8A), besides, the first area is the area of adhesion, in which fibres (4) of the linen (3) are integrated into a dense woven structure (5), retaining these fibres (4), and which is arranged only in part of the linen (3) thickness (6), and the second area (7) is arranged in the other part of the linen (3) thickness (6) up to the specified front surface (8A). The method is characterised by the fact that according to the method a) the AC electric field is applied to the linen (3), at least front or rear (8A, 8B) sides of which carries a thermomelting powdery binder (12), besides, this powdery binder (12) is introduced into the linen (3) from the fibre (4) so that the specified binder (12) is concentrated in the first area (5). Then c) the binder (12) is exposed to melting by heat supply; then d) the binder (12) is left until hardening or exposed to hardening.

EFFECT: simplified manufacturing of a textile cover without deterioration of cover mechanical properties.

18 cl, 4 ex, 4 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: in the method for manufacturing needle-punched silica thermal barrier materials comprising preparing a fibrous mixture, forming fibrous web with aerodynamic method and formation of needle-punched web as feedstock, the silica fibers with the diameter of 5-7 microns and 8-20 microns are used or their mixture in a ratio of (10-90):(90-10)% which are divided in fibers on serrated drum, forming a fibrous web is carried on a conveyor of web-forming machine due to combining aerodynamic and mechanical methods. Then, the resulting fibrous web is subjected to the action of the needle board of the needle-punching machine equipped with percussion needles with serrations in both forward and reverse directions, forming the needle-punched web of thickness 3.0-10.0 mm is carried out per one process cycle, and forming of needle-punched web of thickness 12.0-30.0 mm - in two stages. First the webs-blanks are made with preliminary percussion in two directions per one pass of the web through the needle-punching machine. Then the webs-blanks are folded to the desired thickness followed by final punching in two directions per one pass through the needle-punching machine, the formed nonwoven needle-punched web enters the device of cutting and winding, and the silica fibers have a porous structure with pore size of 3-10 A (angstroms) and the production line for production of needle-punched silica thermal barrier materials, comprising a device of mixing fibrous mass, a feeding conveyor, a web-forming unit, a needle-punching machine which has a table with a needle board and with needles fixed on it. At that the percussion needles fixed to the needle board, are made with serrations in the forward and reverse directions. Moreover, the number of rows of needles with serrations in the forward direction located at the inlet to the needle board, is 2-3 times greater than the number of rows of needles in reverse direction of serrations disposed in the final part of the needle board and the two-sided percussion of web (from up to down and from the bottom up) is carried out per one technological progress of the needle in one needle-punching machine, percussion needle size and serrations is proportional to the diameter of the silica fiber.

EFFECT: use in the production of silica fibers.

4 cl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: liquid-permeable structured fibre cloth provides the optimum liquid absorption and distribution properties. The liquid-permeable structured fibre cloth comprises a first surface and a second surface, a thermoplastic fibres, a first area and a number of second discrete areas arranged around the first area. The second discrete areas form discontinuities on the second surface of the fibre cloth and comprise shifted fibres on the first surface of the fibre cloth; at least 50%, but less than 100% fibres have free ends extended aside from the first surface of the fibre cloth. The fibre cloth is characterised by a post-ageing thickness less than 1.5 mm, a vertical liquid capillary distribution height making min. 5 mm, a permeability min. 10,000 cm2 Pas) and a specific volume of the structured substrate min. 5 cm3/g.

EFFECT: better liquid absorption and capillary distribution.

21 cl, 29 dwg, 9 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: tufted carpet for application for automobiles consists of burry layer and, at least, main base layer. Burry layer has poil weight and consists of yarn from bulk-continuous-filaments (BCF yarn), containing specified number of threads, which have specified diameter. Carpet is subjected to tufting with specified size. BCF yarn consists of polypropylene (PP) thread with tear strength between 2.6 cN/dtex (centinewton per decitex) and 3.2 cN/dtex (centinewton per decitex) with elongation from 50% to 70% or polyethyleneterephthalate (PET) with tear strength between 2.6 cN/dtex (centinewton per decitex) and 3.4 cN/dtex (centinewton per decitex) with elongation from 20% to 40%.

EFFECT: obtaining tufted carpet.

15 cl, 2 dwg

Up!