Emitter for animals

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: emitter has illumination fittings incorporating infrared radiation source and ultraviolet lamp. Ultraviolet emitter is formed as ring, within the cavity of which round-symmetric infrared radiation source is located. Infrared radiation source is equipped with hood having half-moon shaped channels and is positioned for displacement along vertical axis by means of bimetallic plates. Bimetallic plates are arranged above each of said channels and are immovably secured with their one end to case and with their other end to hood outer surface. Emitter case is made in the form of hemi-sphere with round base.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in irradiating of animals.

2 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, namely the processes of animals, such as young farm animals, exotic animals in cages, in particular to devices for infrared and ultraviolet irradiation of animals.

Famous animal irradiator (Gizatulin VG New animal irradiator // Mechanization and electrification of agriculture. - 1990. No. 11. S.43), comprising a housing, ruffled sleeves, a source of infrared radiation (IR), transparent glass, a source of ultraviolet radiation (UV), the ionizer.

The disadvantage of this device is the low efficiency because of the impossibility of uniform irradiation and heating of farm animals.

Known irradiator for young farm animals (A.S. USSR №829067, IPC And 01 To 29/00, 1971, prototype), containing a reflector with a rectangular base, the specified sources of infrared radiation (IR) and placed between the UV lamp (UV)fixed along the longitudinal axis of the reflector, and the sources of infrared radiation mounted coaxially called the lamp at its end faces.

However, the arbitrary placement of UV sources relative to the source of infrared radiation is not possible to effectively use electrical energy and evenly about revati and irradiated animals. In addition, there are no conditions for stable operation of the UV source. It is known that the greatest erythemal UV-sources generate at a temperature close to 20°C. When raising or lowering the temperature of the air near UV source from the given values of erythemal flux decreases. Therefore, in order to provide the desired dose, increase its duration, which is associated with additional consumption. These shortcomings reduce the efficiency of heating and irradiation of animals.

The objective of the invention is improving the efficiency of irradiation of animals by ensuring uniform flow distribution of IR - and UV-radiation sources and stabilizing the UV source.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that unlike the prototype feed for animals has lighting fittings installed in it a source of infrared radiation and ultraviolet lamp, and a source of ultraviolet irradiation is made in the form of a ring, the inner cavity of which has a circular symmetrical source of infrared radiation, which is equipped with a hood with channels in the shape of a Crescent with the ability to move it along the vertical axis due to the bimetallic plates, the latter are located above each channel and one end of the fixed stationary to the housing, the other to NR the stone surface of the hood, and the body of the irradiator made in the form of a hemisphere with a round base. The channels are located in the upper part of the cap axis opposite each other.

Figure 1 presents a General view of the feed for animals, section a-a; figure 2 is a view of the irradiator below; figure 3 presents the hood, top view; figure 4 - irradiator with the hood in the down position, the section a-A.

The irradiator includes a housing 1 (Fig 1, 2)made in the form of a hemisphere with a round base, a source of UV radiation 2, which is a lamp, made in the form of a ring, circular symmetrical source of infrared radiation 3, placed in the internal cavity ring UV source. This disposition of the IR - and UV-radiation sources allows to obtain a uniform radiation flux for the irradiated objects and to create favorable conditions for the UV source.

The source of infrared radiation 3 provided with a cap 4, is arranged to move along the vertical axis and placed between the UV source and the IR source, and intended for removal of excessive heat from the UV source. The cap 4 can occupy two positions: the top (figure 1) and the bottom (figure 4). The cap 4 is equipped with four channels 5 for heat dissipation (figure 3), made in the shape of a Crescent and located on the upper part of the cap 4 axis opposite each other. Thus on each channel 5 for removal of heat is and are bi-metal plate 6, one end of which is mounted stationary on the housing 1, and the other attached to the outer surface of the cap 4 front channels 5 for heat dissipation. Bimetal plates 6 receive convective heat from the PC source 3 through the channels 5 for heat dissipation, and by the movement of the cap 4 on the vertical axis.

The irradiator operates as follows.

First turns on the infrared radiation source 3. When the cap 4 is in its upper position (figure 1), so UV source affects the convective heat from the infrared source, and this is rendered stable temperature and humidity conditions for UV source in the housing. UV radiation source 2 is switched on after the IR source. When reaching required for UV-source temperature +20°From start to heat up the bimetal plate 6 due to the convective heat from the infrared source, flowing through the channels 5 for heat dissipation, made in the form of a Crescent (Fig 3). At one end of the bimetal plate 6 mounted stationary on the body of the irradiator 1, and the other attached to the outer surface of the cap 4 front channels 5 for heat dissipation. When heated, the bimetallic plate is bent and pulling movable in the vertical axis of the cap 4, move it along the vertical axis on the IR source bat is of 3 to the lower position (figure 4), which is defined by the lower edge of the UV source. When the air temperature near UV source is below +20°, bimetal plates 6 cool down and bent in the opposite direction, carrying movable in the vertical axis of the cap 4 to the upper position (figure 1), defined by the upper edge of the UV source 2.

The source of UV radiation, made in the form of a ring, and the source of infrared radiation in the form of kruglosutochno lamp located inside of this ring, allows to obtain a uniform structure of the radiation field in space, which excludes the possibility of overexposure or nedouplotneniya animals and increases the efficiency of the irradiation facility.

The device is designed for infrared and ultraviolet irradiation of animals and can be easily implemented in agriculture.

1. The feed for animals, including lighting fittings installed in it a source of infrared radiation and ultraviolet lamp, wherein the source of ultraviolet irradiation is made in the form of a ring, the inner cavity of which has a circular symmetrical source of infrared radiation, which is equipped with a hood with channels in the shape of a Crescent and is arranged to move along the vertical axis due to the bimetallic plates, the last p is sporogony on each channel and one end of the fixed stationary to the housing, the other to the outer surface of the hood and the body of the irradiator made in the form of a hemisphere with a round base.

2. The irradiator according to claim 1, characterized in that the channels are located in the upper part of the cap axis opposite each other.



 

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