Electrical energy generating unit

FIELD: power engineering; power supply systems for various fields of national economy.

SUBSTANCE: proposed electrical energy generating unit has low-to-high voltage converter connected to external power supply that conveys its output voltage through diode to charging capacitor. Accumulated charge is periodically passed from capacitor through discharger to first inductance coil accommodating second inductance coil disposed coaxially therein and having greater turn number. Second coil is resonance-tuned to operating period of discharger. Voltage picked off this coil is transferred through diode to charging capacitor. Electrical energy is conveyed to power consumer by means of third inductance coil mounted coaxially with respect to two first ones. It is coupled with these coils by mutual inductance and is connected to rectifier.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to power engineering and can be used in power supply systems of various sectors of the economy: industry, agriculture, defence, transport and household objects.

The known device for generating electrical energy using discharge high density [1]. Its disadvantage is that it has small energy output and cannot be used for industrial purposes.

Closest to the claimed device for generating electrical energy is the Tesla transformer, which represents the electrical device is a transformer of the type used for the excitation high-voltage high-frequency oscillations and consisting of two inductors that are inserted into each other, a spark gap and an electrical capacitor, and a source of high voltage [2]. Its disadvantage is low efficiency

The technical result of the claimed invention is to increase energy output.

The technical result of the claimed invention is achieved by a device for generating electrical energy, consisting of a plug to an external electric power source of the inverter low voltage to high, the high voltage through the diode is fed to the charging electric conden the ATOR, from which the accumulated charge through the spark gap is periodically delivered to the first inductor, inside of which is installed coaxially with the second inductor with a larger number of turns, which capacitor is tuned in resonance with the period of discharge of the spark gap and the voltage across the diode is transmitted to the charging electrical capacitor, and the output of electrical energy external to the customer through a third inductor that is installed coaxially to the first two, related mutual induction and connected to the rectifier.

By increasing the output energy in the claimed invention are the high spatial gradients of the magnetic field on the outer and inner surfaces of the coils, which is achieved by passing through the first inductor current pulse with a steep front and rear fronts.

The steep fronts of the current pulse is achieved by using fast key - device or electronic key, is connected to the electrical capacitor is fed from a voltage source. When spontaneous discharge current pulse occurs when reaching for an electric condenser high potential difference, and stopping the discharge occurs after the reduction potential on the same system the immediate vicinity of the capacitor is lower than a certain value.

When using the electronic key, it opened and closed periodically by the control circuit.

The drawing shows a block diagram of a device for generating electrical energy, consisting of starter part I and the actual generator II.

Starter part I is used to run the device for generating electrical energy, is used only at the initial time and consists of a plug to an external source 1 power, which can be used in the electrical network, battery, or electric battery, inverter 2 low voltage high, diode 3, through which a voltage is applied to the charging electrical capacitor 4 actual generator I of electrical energy.

The actual generator of electricity I contains the charging capacitor 4, quick key 5, which can be used discharger or an electronic key, the inductor 6 W1, W2, W3limiting element 7, limiting the amplitude of the second inductor W2,which can be used varistor stabilitron or discharger, the diode 9 feedback and a diode bridge rectifier 10.

The device is receiving electrical power is as follows.

Accumulated charging electr the ical capacitor 4 from the starter device I charge through the quick key 5 is supplied to the first inductor W 1than in the surrounding space excited by a magnetic field with high spatial gradient.

At the end of the discharge magnetic field is transmitted to the second inductor W2. The voltage of the second inductor W2in the feedback circuit which includes the diode 9, is transmitted to the input of the charging electric condenser 4, what is positive feedback. After the time required to drive the generator, starter part I is disabled.

To prevent unlimited excitation energy part of the turns of the second inductor W2shunted stabilizing element 8.

Accumulated on the charging electric condenser 4 electric charge periodically reset through the key 5 in the first inductor W1around which is formed a pulsating magnetic field of high energy.

To convert the energy of the pulsed magnetic field into electrical energy inside the first inductor ustanovlena second inductor W2with the increased number of turns, which is a unit of magnetic field and in which the result of receiving a magnetic field generated by the first inductor W1occurs pulsating voltage To ensure continuous is yunogo obtain cell the second inductor W2establish a positive feedback through diode 9 connected to the second inductor W2and to the charging electric condenser 4. After reaching the required amplitude of the EMF in the second coil inductance W2charging an electrical capacitor 4 begins to charge from the voltage arising in the second inductor W2after which an external source of electrical voltage, provided the beginning of the process, is disabled.

Energy output to external customers by using the third inductor W3mounted coaxially to the first two W1and W2and related mutual induction. Because electrical energy is removed from the third inductor W3has a high frequency, which is inconvenient for the mass consumer, it is connected to the diode bridge rectifier 10, which converts the high-frequency electric power to DC electric current, which may directly or through appropriate transducers to be used.

The first inductor W1connected with chain quick key 5 - charging electric condenser 4. At the same time to provide positive feedback the output of the second inductor W2 connected through the diode 9 to the charging electric condenser 4.

The result is the conversion of magnetic energy into electrical energy.

For delivery of energy to the consumer uses the third inductor W3connected to the diode bridge rectifier 10, which converts the high-frequency oscillations of power in the DC voltage.

Sources of information

1. U.S. patent No. 5018189.

2. Eichenwald A.A. Electricity. M type. Immersiva, 1918. Experiments Tesla. S-436.

Device for generating electrical energy, consisting of a plug to an external electric power source of the inverter low voltage to high, which through the diode is fed to the charging electrical capacitor, from which the accumulated charge through the spark gap is periodically delivered to the first inductor, inside of which is installed coaxially with the second inductor with a larger number of turns, which capacitor is tuned in resonance with the period of discharge of the spark gap and the voltage across the diode is transmitted to the charging electrical capacitor, and the output of electrical energy external to the customer through a third inductor that is installed coaxially to the first two, related mutual indukti the th and connected to the rectifier.



 

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