Hoisting device

FIELD: transport engineering; agricultural.

SUBSTANCE: in agricultural proposed device can be used as obstetrical facility for pulling out calf at calving. Proposed device contains two tubular bow-shaped articulated semiframes. Rack rests against middle of one of semiframes by end face through saddle joint. Rack is made in form of nonclosed box-shaped beam with roller-bushed chain placed between its side walls along axis of beam. One end of chain is secured through axle on said walls, and the other is connected with tension adjuster. Adjustable insert is secured on vertical wall of drive mechanism housing from inside over beam. Insert slides along upper plane of beam flange. Sprocket is secured on shaft passing through sliding bushings fitted in housing walls. Said sprocket meshes with roller-bushed chain. Two ratchets are installed on square journals of shaft symmetrically to teeth of sprocket. Ratchets engage with spring-loaded locks fitted in slots of holder and holder-ratchet mating with said ratchets. With sprocket rotating, it moves along chain together with housing of drive mechanism.

EFFECT: improved efficiency and reliability.

7 cl, 8 dwg

 

Winch device refers to the lifting of the transport device and can be applied, for example, as Radostovets livestock to facilitate cow birth of those animals who have to help pull calves at the hotel.

The closest analogue is the winch device containing a lever drive mechanism with box enclosure, inside of which is rail - see SU 433097 And 15.12.1974. 66 D 3/02 - 5 C.

However, this winch device is not reliable enough.

The purpose of the invention is the creation of hoisting devices more reliable and effective.

This objective is achieved in that the proposed device containing a lever drive mechanism with a box-like housing within which is held the rail with two tubular pournami arcuate shape, pivotally connected between each other in the middle of one end through a saddle-node joint relies referred to rake this rake is made in the form of a beam open box-like shape with an installed between the side walls along the axis of the stub beams-roller chain, one end of which is fixed through axle on said walls, the other is connected with the tensioning device is placed on the opposite end of the beam so that the shelf beams serves as a support throughout the length of the chain, the vertical wall of the housing of the drive mechanism within the housing is fixed on top of the beam adjustable liner so he slides on the upper surface of the shelf this beam from below on a shaft passing through the sleeve slide mounted in the casing wall, fixed star, which is engaged with the stub-roller chain, per square neck shaft opposite the sprocket teeth with two ratchet interacting with the spring-loaded latches placed in the slots of the cage and cage-ratchet, mating with the said star wheels, the first of which is still connected with the drive lever handles, the other lever through which the sleeve is pivotally connected to the neck of the shaft, a second yoke mounted on one of these sleeves slide rotatably, the device is equipped with a spring-loaded lever, pivotally connected to the housing for engagement with the yoke-ratchet and latch placed in the groove of the casing is installed with the possibility of taking it out of engagement with the corresponding ratchet and fixed on the housing, at least one cargo hook.

The head of one of these tabs has a round cross-section and ends with the hemisphere, and all of the outside threaded end connected to the bracket and the handle locked in the nut, the other clamp has the shape of a ball.

For locking ratchet mounted in the holder-ratchet inserted the captive screw with a tapered end is m, inbound engages with its teeth, and on the outer end of the screw is fixed button mesh with ribs on the side.

To the free end of the beam is attached to the handle.

Adjustable liner drawn bolted to one of the vertical walls of the casing, and the top is fixed with screws.

At the end of a shaft installed thrust washers attached to its centers of the bolts.

The top and bottom of the case on its horizontal walls secured cargo brackets.

Figure 1 shows the hoisting device in side view; figure 2 a section a-a in figure 1; figure 3 a section b-B in figure 2; figure 4 cross-section b-b In figure 2; figure 5 cross section G-g of figure 1; figure 6 is a view along arrow d of figure 1; figure 7 section E-e of figure 2; Fig the section C-C in figure 1.

Winch device contains two tubular semi-frames 1 and 2, an arc shape, pivotally interconnected. In the middle of the semi-frames 2 end through a saddle-type hinge, draws the rail, a drive mechanism 3. The rail is made in the form of a beam 4 open box-like shape with an installed between the side walls along the axis of the stub beams-roller chain 5. One end of the chain is fixed by the shaft 6 at the walls of the beam 4, directly behind the saddle-type hinge. The other is associated with the tensioning device 7 placed on the opposite side so that the shelf beam 4 is supported at seedline circuit 5 and goes along with it inside a hollow box-like body 8 of the drive mechanism. On the vertical wall of the housing of the drive mechanism within the housing above the beam has a liner 9 secured by bolts 10 on the side wall of the housing, and the top liner is fixed by screws 34. Bottom on the shaft 11 passing through the sliding sleeve 12 mounted in the wall of the casing 8, is fixed to the sprocket 13, which is engaged with the stub-roller chain 5. On the square neck of the shaft 11 opposite the teeth of the sprocket 13 has two ratchet 14 and 15, which interacts with the spring-loaded latches 16 and 17, are placed in the slots of the shroud 18 and the shell-ratchet 19 mating with the star wheels 14 and 15. The yoke 18 is rigidly connected to the lever 20 of the drive handle 21. The other arm 22 of the handle 21 through the sleeve 23 hinged to the neck of the shaft 11. Ferrule-the ratchet 19 is installed on one of the sleeves slide 12 and has a possibility of rotation. The latch 16 has a hemispherical head, and displayed out of its threaded end is connected to the bracket 24 and handle 25 is locked by a nut 26. The latch 17 has the shape of a ball. Clip-ratchet 19 of their teeth associated with the spring loaded lever 27, pivotally connected to the housing 8 for engagement with the yoke-ratchet. In the slot of the cover 28 is inserted captive screw 29 with a tapered end and outside it fixed button 30 mesh with ribs on the side. The top and bottom of the housing 8 ustanavlivaetsya brackets 31 and 32. To the free end of the beam 4 is attached the handle 33. At the end of the shaft 11 is installed thrust washer 35 attached to its centers of the bolts 36.

Winch device operates as follows.

The device operates as follows.

In the off position the drive mechanism 3 is moved along the rail-beam 4 in the extreme position to the end 2. When this screw 29 must be loosened and the latch 16 out of engagement with the ratchet 14 by pulling it and turning the handle 25 to 90°and a spring-loaded lever 27 is pressed.

After moving the drive mechanism 3 to the frame 2 and he is now the screw 29.

In the working position after installation of the frame 1 and the fixing belt on the bracket 31 or on the bracket 32, the latch 16 is released by turning the knob 25 to 90°. As a result, the bracket 24 also rotates 90° and will hug your ribs cover the cage 18. After that, the screws 29 are twisting. The ratchet 15 restoratives. Then pull the handle 21 on itself, turning the levers 20 and 22, and with them the yoke 18 by introducing engages the latch 16 with one of the ratchet teeth 14, which rotates the shaft 11 with a fixed sprocket 13. Recent moves by the circuit 5 together with the casing 8. When turning the levers 20 and 22 themselves from the handle 21 (free running) the holder 18 is rotated in the opposite direction. The latch 16 is pressed by the teeth of the ratchet 14. The shaft 11 is now the ratchet 5, one of the teeth of which engages with the latch 17 placed in the cage-the ratchet 19, one of which teeth is in engagement with the spring loaded lever 27, pivoted on the housing 8.

In the future, the process is repeated. When working you may need to return the drive mechanism 3 ago. For this purpose, the latch 16 is removed from engagement with the ratchet 14 and click on the spring arm 27. Ferrule-the ratchet 19 is released and starts to rotate together with the shaft 11 under the action of the load on one of the cargo brackets 31 or 32, and the drive mechanism 3 is moved along the rail-beam 4 to section 2 for the required distance.

As a result of constant preload latches 16 and 17 to the teeth of the star wheels 14 and 15 is achieved secure grip. Adjustable liner 9 secured by bolts 10, allows you to adjust the smoothness of the drive mechanism 3 to the rake beam 4, and the locking screw 29 allows freeze the drive mechanism 3 along the entire length of the beam 4. A spring-loaded lever 27 clip securely holds the ratchet 19 when working stroke and allows you to quickly move the drive mechanism 3 back if necessary throughout the length of the beam 4. The handle 33 is set for convenience.

Rake-beam 4 with a drive mechanism 3 can be applied for another purpose. For example, as a hoisting device, the Jack or from the MSC during installation and dismantling.

1. Winch device containing a lever drive mechanism with a box-like housing within which is held the rail, characterized in that it is provided with two tubular pournami arcuate shape, pivotally connected between each other in the middle of one end through a saddle-node joint relies referred to rake this rake is made in the form of a beam open box-like shape with an installed between the side walls along the axis of the stub beams-roller chain, one end of which is fixed through axle on said walls, the other is connected with the tensioning device is placed on the opposite end of the beam so that the shelf beam is supported at the entire length of the chain, on the vertical wall of the housing of the drive mechanism within the housing is fixed on top of the beam adjustable liner so that it slides over the upper surface of the shelf this beam from below on a shaft passing through the sleeve slide mounted in the casing wall, fixed star, which is engaged with the stub-roller chain, per square neck shaft opposite the sprocket teeth with two ratchet interacting with the spring-loaded latches placed in the slots of the cage and cage-ratchet, mating with the said star wheels, the first of which is still connected with the lever actuator is th handle, the other lever through which the sleeve is pivotally connected to the neck of the shaft, a second yoke mounted on one of these sleeves slide with possibility of rotation, the device is equipped with a spring-loaded lever, pivotally connected to the housing for engagement with the yoke-ratchet and latch placed in the groove of the casing is installed with the possibility of taking it out of engagement with the corresponding ratchet and fixed on the housing, at least one cargo hook.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the head of one of the latches has a round cross-section and ends with the hemisphere, and all of the outside threaded end connected to the bracket and handle for holding the nut, and the other clamp has the shape of a ball.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the locking ratchet mounted in the holder-ratchet, there is the captive screw with a tapered end, which engages with its teeth, and on the outer end of the screw is fixed to the handle with mesh corrugation on the side.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the free end of the beam is attached to the handle.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the adjustable liner is installed with the ability to pull it to the side wall of the housing and with the possibility of fixing the top screws.

6. The device according to claim 1, featuring the be fact, that at the end of a shaft installed thrust washers attached to it with screws.

7. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the above-mentioned cargo hook together with another bracket mounted on a horizontal walls of the enclosure top and bottom.



 

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FIELD: veterinary medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves fixing cranial and caudal regions of both pelvic bones. Bones and/or ventral pelvic half-ring fragments are reduced under apparatus-mediated fixation conditions. Residual dislocation of pelvic bones in sacroiliac symphysis zone and/or that of sacrum fragments are eliminated under apparatus-mediated fixation conditions. Iliac bones are first reduced to the level of anatomical arrangement of sacroiliac symphysis and/or sacrum fragments in particular cases of bilateral vertical fracture-dislocations of animal pelvic ring. First, intermediate fragments of the bones are juxtaposed along injury line and intermateably fixed with one of adjacent fractured bone fragments and then pelvic ring bone dislocation is eliminated in particular cases of vertical fracture-dislocations accompanied by bilateral longitudinal fracture of sacrum and/or recess branches of pubic and suture branches of ischial bones. When fixing caudal regions of pelvic bones, fixing members are introduced in particular cases in different directions into recess and suture branches of ischial bones.

EFFECT: accelerated treatment course.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus is formed as clip adapted for engagement with cow's croup, and pulling mechanism made in the form of carcass and carriage, the latter being mounted on carcass for longitudinal movement thereon.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation.

4 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: veterinary science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with treating tumors of external reproductive organs in dogs: in preoperational period for 3 d one should introduce 20%-hypertonic solution of ACD-2 fraction upon 0.5%-novocaine solution at 0.1-0.3 ml working solution/cu. cm tumor into tumor basis, at not more than 0.4 ml pure ACD-2/10 kg canine body weight. One should dissect the tumor within the limits of healthy tissue, close vessels and wound defect after removing the tumor due to electrocoagulation of submucous layer at scab's development.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

1 ex

FIELD: medicine, veterinary science.

SUBSTANCE: one should perform reposition and fixation of scapular fragments before fracture consolidation, moreover, fixation should be performed with the help of compression-distraction apparatus. One should fix proximal fragment with minimum two fixatives applied parallel coming towards each other through scapular spine. In peculiar case, in case of small sizes of scapular proximal fragment one should additionally fix segments of vertebral column being adjacent to patient's scapula. In peculiar case, reposition should be carried out by dosages in postoperative period. The innovation enables to provide complete anatomo-physiological restoration of affected area.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of osteosynthesis.

2 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: veterinary surgery.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with carrying out operations upon affected bones in canine and feline limbs. The suggested clamp for intramedullary osteosynthesis has a screw and a rod. The latter is designed to be hollow with inner thread for screw's passage from one side, and from another side it has two leaves with protrusions. Leaves are conical with possibility for wedging. Protrusions are designed at the ends of leaves being 1.0-2.0 mm against the surface of leaves. As a result of applying the suggested clamp one should exclude clamp's migration out of the bone at postoperational period, the procedure of operation is simplified, the time to conduct operation is shortened and the chance for osteomyelitis development is decreased along with other complications.

EFFECT: decreased traumatism of operated bone.

4 dwg, 2 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture, veterinary medicine.

SUBSTANCE: the suggested method deals with selecting the samples and their transportation for further testing. Liquid sample should be applied into a sterile syringe due to vacuum through a pipette for recto-cervical insemination in cows. Pipette and a syringe should be connected with a coupling the length of which enables to change the angle of syringe's inclination against a pipette, moreover, a free end of pipette should be applied at an angle in cavitary organ. After selecting the samples on should disconnect the coupling and the pipette against the syringe, and its cannula should be covered with a cap. The present innovation enables to increase the safety of working process while selecting liquid samples out from remote sections of cavitary organs followed by their transportation for further laboratory investigation.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of selection.

1 dwg

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Tool for obstetrics // 2240754
The invention relates to veterinary medicine, in particular to obstetrics, the tools used in the extract of the fruit of generic ways

FIELD: agriculture, veterinary medicine.

SUBSTANCE: the suggested method deals with selecting the samples and their transportation for further testing. Liquid sample should be applied into a sterile syringe due to vacuum through a pipette for recto-cervical insemination in cows. Pipette and a syringe should be connected with a coupling the length of which enables to change the angle of syringe's inclination against a pipette, moreover, a free end of pipette should be applied at an angle in cavitary organ. After selecting the samples on should disconnect the coupling and the pipette against the syringe, and its cannula should be covered with a cap. The present innovation enables to increase the safety of working process while selecting liquid samples out from remote sections of cavitary organs followed by their transportation for further laboratory investigation.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of selection.

1 dwg

FIELD: veterinary surgery.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with carrying out operations upon affected bones in canine and feline limbs. The suggested clamp for intramedullary osteosynthesis has a screw and a rod. The latter is designed to be hollow with inner thread for screw's passage from one side, and from another side it has two leaves with protrusions. Leaves are conical with possibility for wedging. Protrusions are designed at the ends of leaves being 1.0-2.0 mm against the surface of leaves. As a result of applying the suggested clamp one should exclude clamp's migration out of the bone at postoperational period, the procedure of operation is simplified, the time to conduct operation is shortened and the chance for osteomyelitis development is decreased along with other complications.

EFFECT: decreased traumatism of operated bone.

4 dwg, 2 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine, veterinary science.

SUBSTANCE: one should perform reposition and fixation of scapular fragments before fracture consolidation, moreover, fixation should be performed with the help of compression-distraction apparatus. One should fix proximal fragment with minimum two fixatives applied parallel coming towards each other through scapular spine. In peculiar case, in case of small sizes of scapular proximal fragment one should additionally fix segments of vertebral column being adjacent to patient's scapula. In peculiar case, reposition should be carried out by dosages in postoperative period. The innovation enables to provide complete anatomo-physiological restoration of affected area.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of osteosynthesis.

2 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: veterinary science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with treating tumors of external reproductive organs in dogs: in preoperational period for 3 d one should introduce 20%-hypertonic solution of ACD-2 fraction upon 0.5%-novocaine solution at 0.1-0.3 ml working solution/cu. cm tumor into tumor basis, at not more than 0.4 ml pure ACD-2/10 kg canine body weight. One should dissect the tumor within the limits of healthy tissue, close vessels and wound defect after removing the tumor due to electrocoagulation of submucous layer at scab's development.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus is formed as clip adapted for engagement with cow's croup, and pulling mechanism made in the form of carcass and carriage, the latter being mounted on carcass for longitudinal movement thereon.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation.

4 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: veterinary medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves fixing cranial and caudal regions of both pelvic bones. Bones and/or ventral pelvic half-ring fragments are reduced under apparatus-mediated fixation conditions. Residual dislocation of pelvic bones in sacroiliac symphysis zone and/or that of sacrum fragments are eliminated under apparatus-mediated fixation conditions. Iliac bones are first reduced to the level of anatomical arrangement of sacroiliac symphysis and/or sacrum fragments in particular cases of bilateral vertical fracture-dislocations of animal pelvic ring. First, intermediate fragments of the bones are juxtaposed along injury line and intermateably fixed with one of adjacent fractured bone fragments and then pelvic ring bone dislocation is eliminated in particular cases of vertical fracture-dislocations accompanied by bilateral longitudinal fracture of sacrum and/or recess branches of pubic and suture branches of ischial bones. When fixing caudal regions of pelvic bones, fixing members are introduced in particular cases in different directions into recess and suture branches of ischial bones.

EFFECT: accelerated treatment course.

4 cl, 5 dwg

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