Heat generator

FIELD: heat-power engineering; generation of heat in the course of combustion; degassing liquid in the course of heating.

SUBSTANCE: proposed heat generator includes cyclone-type jet apparatus mounted vertically and provided with inlet branch pipe located in upper part and outlet branch pipe located in lower portion; it is also provided with expansion reservoir mounted above jet apparatus; upper cavity of this jet apparatus is communicated with expansion reservoir.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of degassing liquid; enhanced corrosion resistance; increased flow rate of liquid; reduced noise of pump.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to heat engineering and is intended for heat differently than in the combustion process, and can be used for heating purposes in various industries.

Known generators containing connected to the pump node of the directed flow of water under pressure in the jet apparatus in which a mechanical change of the flow velocity (SU 1703924, IPC5F 24 H 3/02, publ. 1992, EN 2045715, IPC6F 25 B 29/00, publ. 1995, EN 2161289, IPC7F 24 H 3/02, publ. 2001).

The operation of this device is based on creating a jet of fluid outflow and heating it during acceleration in the jet device, due to the centrifugal effect and the effect of the occurrence of cavitation bubbles.

The disadvantage of such devices is low efficiency, because it reduces the flow of fluid due to saturation of its eye-catching gas, respectively low corrosion resistance of the metal system; increased noise pump operation.

The closest to the technical nature of the claimed and accepted as a prototype is the heat source (Vpechatleniem "Unique heat "Graviton", journal of Technology youth" No. 2, 2002, page 6), containing jet apparatus of the cyclone type with the axis located vertically, the inlet of which is located in a ve is chna part, while the output at the bottom, and the expansion tank at the input connection of the pump. This device provides high efficiency heating the liquid due to centrifugal effect, causing not only linear, but also the centripetal acceleration of the particles in the jet device.

However, this generator works quite ineffective, as it reduces the flow of fluid due to saturation of its eye-catching gas, respectively low corrosion resistance of the metal system; increased noisiness of operation of the pump. In addition, the possible formation of gas pockets in the consumer system, and partial dissolution emitted in the gas jet device during the passage of the hot liquid in the system of the consumer and its subsequent excretion in the jet device.

The task of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the heat source due to the degassing of the liquid, thus increasing the efficiency of heating; the corrosion resistance of the metal system; the flow of liquid and reduces the noise of operation of the pump.

The problem is solved by improved heat generator containing jet apparatus of the cyclone type, the axis of which is vertical, inlet pipe which raspolozhenu top, while the output at the bottom, and expansion tank.

This improvement is that the expansion tank is installed on an inkjet apparatus, the upper part of the cavity which is connected to the cavity expansion vessel.

In addition, expansion tank and ink jet apparatus can be installed in the same body.

Install expansion tanks on inkjet apparatus, the upper part of the cavity which is connected to the cavity expansion vessel, allows you to direct in the capacity of the gas released from the liquid and located in the jet device in the Central opposite stream, and thus, due to the degassing of the liquid to increase the efficiency of its heating, to increase the corrosion resistance of the metal system; to increase the flow of the transported fluid and reduce the noise level of pump operation.

The implementation of the expansion tank and ink jet apparatus in a single housing can simplify the design of the heat generator.

The proposed generator is illustrated in the drawing, which shows his scheme.

The heat source comprises a pump 1, the suction pipe 2 which is connected to the outlet of the jet apparatus 3 cyclone type, the axis of which is vertical. The discharge pipe 4 of the pump is connected to node 5 create the pressure gradient, the output of which is connected to the input of the jet and the parathas 3, located in its upper part. In the lower part of the jet apparatus 3 is an outlet for heated liquid. Above the jet apparatus 3 installed expansion tank 6, and the cavity of the jet apparatus is connected with the cavity of the container 6.

The proposed generator works as follows.

The fluid pump 1 under pressure through the discharge pipe 4 is supplied to the node 5 create a pressure gradient, which leads to the formation of a high-speed stream that is fed into the upper part of the jet apparatus 3. In the jet apparatus 3 emitted from the liquid gas accumulates in the Central opposite stream as the gas density is much less than the density of the liquid. Created the opposite stream of gas in a rotating fluid is directed into the container 6. Thus, is the removal of dissolved gas (degassing) in the place of his education. Degassing of the liquid increases, the efficiency of heat increases the flow of the transported fluid and the corrosion resistance of the steel structures of the system; and also reduces the noise of operation of the pump 1. Heated degassed liquid from the lower part of the jet apparatus 3 is sent to the consumer (for example, in the heat exchanger 7).

Thus, the use of the invention allows to increase the efficiency of the heat generator, to the ome, can be made special task degassing liquids, for example oil, water boiler and other

1. Heat containing jet apparatus of the cyclone type with the axis of the vertical inlet pipe which is located at the top and closed at the bottom, and expansion tank, characterized in that the expansion tank is installed on an inkjet apparatus, the upper part of the cavity which is connected to the cavity expansion vessel.

2. Heat generator according to claim 1, characterized in that the expansion tank and the ink jet device is made in one body.



 

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EFFECT: augmented cavitation processes occurring during rotor revolution which enhances heating efficiency.

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EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

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