Method for diagnosing oviduct obstruction
FIELD: veterinary medicine.
SUBSTANCE: method involves separating oviduct from uterus. The oviduct is plunged into reservoir filled with liquid. Air is introduced with overpressure through oviduct infundibulum. Oviduct obstruction is estimated from air discharge rate from the uterine end and pressure drop degree.
EFFECT: high accuracy of diagnosis; simplified instruments used.
1 dwg, 1 tbl
The invention relates to the field of veterinary medicine, in particular for the diagnosis of gynecological diseases in animals, leading to infertility, and can be used in the study of various forms of obstruction of icepronav animals.
The prototype of the invention is a method for the diagnosis of obstruction of icepronav by entering them in the air under positive pressure and is judged on the cross-pressure drop .
The disadvantage of this method is the need for pumping air from the vagina through the cervix, which does not allow to control the tightness of this process presents significant difficulties associated with the need for fixation of the animal and the insertion of a catheter into the cervix. In addition, this method does not allow differential diagnosis relative obstruction of icepronav.
The invention allows to obtain a new technical effect - increases the efficiency of diagnosis can help you diagnose not only the absolute but also the relative obstruction icepronav at a pressure below 300 mm RT. Art., simplifies the equipment due to the lack of machine for fixing of animals, and increases the science of studying forms of obstruction. Provide ample opportunities for scientific research, for example during routine slaughter.>
This new technical effect is achieved by the fact that aizprua separated from the uterus and is immersed in a container of liquid and air is injected through the funnel alcaravea and judged on the cross output air from the uterine end and the extent of the pressure drop.
The drawing shows a circuit implementing the method.
The method includes immersed in the vessel 1 with fluid aizprua 2 with uterine end 3 and the funnel 4, in which the catheter 5 with hose 6 connected to the syringe 7 and 8 gauge. When this hose 6 from the side of the funnel 4 alcaravea 2 is equipped with a clamp 9. From the side of the syringe 7 between it and the pressure gauge 8 can also be set in the second clip.
The method is as follows. Aizprua 2 is separated from the uterus and is immersed in the vessel 1 with the liquid. When closed, the clamp 9 and open the clamp 10 with a syringe 7 air pumped into the system, the hose 6 and 8 gauge up to 300 mm RT. Art. and put the clamp 10. The pressure in the system is maintained. The catheter 5 is introduced into the funnel 4 alcaravea 2 and immerse aizprua 2 in the vessel 1 with the liquid. Release the clamp 9. When preserved patency of alcaravea 2 system pressure is reduced, which is registered on the pressure gauge 8, and the air bubbles are visible from the uterine end of 3.
To establish the nature of pathological changes in iceproof 2 at the factory examined the body of the reproduction 55 killed cows. 23 animals found signs of pathology icepronav 2: salpingitis in 11 animals, cyst alcaravea 7 cows, connective tissue adhesions in ovarian bag have 2 cows, fusion of the leaves of the mesentery in the field of alcaravea 3 cows.
Using the proposed system was installed pathology not be detected by macroscopic study iceproof, vdova air under pressure up to 300 mm RT. senior Full occlusion icepronav found in 6 animals. Of them one-sided - 5 cows, two-way - 1 cow. Relative obstruction associated with stenosis of the fallopian tubes, diagnosed 5 cows. The maximum pressure applied in alzarooni, was equal to 300 mm RT. Art., patency was maintained until the manometer readings from 160 to 70 mm RT. Art. (table), then the pressure in the system decreased, indicating that partial obstruction.
|Type of obstruction icepronav||The number of animals|
|Unilateral obstruction (complete)||5 (9,05%)|
|Bilateral obstruction (complete)||1 (1,81%)|
|Relative obstruction (one-sided), with complete obstruction in the opposite horn||3 (5,435)|
|Relative obstruction||2 (3,62%)|
The source of information
1. Dudenko V.S. Device for the diagnosis of patency icepronav cows//veterinary medicine. 1968. No. 4. P.84-85 (prototype).
Method for diagnosis of obstruction of icepronav by entering them in air under pressure, is judged on the cross-pressure drop, wherein aizprua separated from the uterus and is immersed in a container of liquid and air is injected through the funnel alcaravea and judged on the cross output air from the uterine end and the extent of the pressure drop.
FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method involves creating electrostatic field around human body. Field intensity is to provide luminescence of cotton fabric in front of biologically active points having increased electric conductivity. Luminous sites positions are fixed relative to human body outline in dark chamber on the background of illuminated screen. The positions are compared to biologically active point pattern maps. The luminous cotton fabric areas are filmed with digital photographic apparatus or video camera. The luminous cotton fabric areas positions comparison to biologically active point pattern maps is carried out by fitting map scales and superimposing the images. Biologically active points of increased electric conductivity are determined from four sides. Device has dark chamber, electrodes, constant voltage source, unit for moving positive electrode, unit for fixing luminous cotton fabric areas and highlightable background screen. The screen is positioned at a distance from the positive electrode to have enough space for placing human body.
EFFECT: high speed in determining meridian states of biologically active points on human body.
11 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying chromato-mass-spetrometric techniques for determining small and large intestine bioptate fatty acids content. The number of microbial cells is determined from chromato-mass-spetrogram peak areas. The calculated proportions are interpreted for diagnosing irritated intestine syndrome.
EFFECT: high accuracy of diagnosis.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying computer-aided processing of general plan survey X-ray films with one or several zones of interest being detected on digitalized image corresponding to the number of osteogenesis foci. Quantitative osteogenesis intensity estimate is obtained by applying test grid and interpreting ratio of areas corresponding to distraction regenerate mineralization degree. Boundaries are determined in each zone of interest for delimiting intensity ranges characterizing tissue mineralization degrees at osteogenesis stages and reference points are marked. The first reference point is selected on proximal bone fragment end turned to diastasis. Lower boundary line of the proximal test grid, composed of parallel lines being perpendicular to long bone axis, is superposed with the first reference point. The second one is selected on distal bone fragment end turned to diastasis and the upper line of the distal test grid is superposed with it. Every region belonging to a zone of interest confined by neighboring test grid lines is segmented within the scope of established boundaries into intensity ranges and intensity range area shares in the total area of each region belonging to zone of interest. The intensity range area share proportions are used for estimating osteogenesis intensity.
EFFECT: wide range of functional applications.
FIELD: medicine, stomatology.
SUBSTANCE: in patients with defects of dental rows one should conduct masticatory testing, masticatiography and registration of somatoautonomic values (arterial pressure, heart rate) simultaneously before, during and after the end of orthopedic therapy to calculate the index of adaptive effect of masticatory system that characterizes the profitable ness of masticatory system. Due to comparing the values of the index of adaptive effect of the system with average values of efficiency optimum for different types of prostheses one should evaluate the result of orthopedic therapy and adaptational body capacities to plan further rehabilitation measures. The innovation enables to obtain objective evaluation of masticatory functional activity in patients in the process of orthopedic therapy.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of evaluation.
2 ex, 2 tbl
FIELD: medicine, obstetrics.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with predicting disadaptive processes in women in dynamics of menstrual cycle. During menstrual cycle beginning since the 1st d to the 21st d one should detect the dynamics for alteration in coefficient of activity of syntoxic adaptation programs (CASAP), calculated by the following formula:
where CST - concentration of blood serotonin, AAT-III - activity of antithrombin III, Aaoa - total antioxidizing activity of plasma, CCD8 + - concentration of T-suppressors, Cad - concentration of blood adrenalin, Cα2MG - concentration of α2-macroglobulin, CMDA - concentration of malonic dialdehyde, CCD4 + - concentration of T-helpers. Moreover, normally CASAP value alters two-fold against the first day of the cycle - since 0.70 up to 1.40 on the 21st d of the cycle, at no alterations in CASAP value one should diagnose female disadaptive alterations leading to failed pregnancy. The innovation enables to perform diagnostics of disadaptive processes in women in dynamics of menstrual cycle followed by prognostic conclusion upon future pregnancy.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.
FIELD: medicine, oncourology.
SUBSTANCE: one should choose the number of points for biopsy : 1 point of biopsy/5 cu. cm of an organ, then it is necessary to detect the portion of cancerous parenchyma in bioptates in percentage morphometrically due to analyzing of not less than 1000 points minimum in 5 sections of preparation, the volume of cancerous parenchyma in an organ should be detected by the following formula:
where X - average value for the portion of cancerous parenchyma in an organ, in %; ΣA - the portion of cancerous parenchyma in bioptate in %; N - the number of bioptates. The present innovation enables to detect cancerous parenchyma both in case of interrupted and diffused forms of prostatic cancer.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of detection.
1 dwg, 3 ex
FIELD: medicine, pathological anatomy.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with detecting viability in neonatals of 22-27-wk-long gestation, at their body weight up to 1 kg based upon evaluation of thymic morphological maturity. Moreover, in 10 visual fields in medullary substance in thymic lobules one should calculate the content of Hassal's bodies and reticuloepithelial cells. If the content of reticuloepithelial cells is above 10 and Hassal's bodies - above 2 one should consider a neonatal to be a viable one, at the content of reticuloepithelial cells being below 9 and Hassal's bodies - below 2 - as nonviable one. This method enables to detect quantitative criteria in evaluating the viability in neonatals at extremely low body weight by thymic state for the first time, helps to increase accuracy and simplify pathologoanatomical diagnostics of viability and objectively evaluate tactics and purposefulness of resuscitation procedures.
EFFECT: higher accuracy and efficiency of evaluation.
3 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with predicting opisthorhiatic hepatic and gastro-duodenal lesions. In the course of esophagogastroduodenoscopy one should evaluate the degree of mucosal lesion in pyloric gastric department, and, also, the presence and degree of duodenogastric reflux, in case of which one should introduce a flexible catheter into duodenal bulb through biopsy canal of a gastroduodenoscope followed by aspiration of duodenal bulb's content under visual control followed by direct microscopy of this content with the purpose to detect helminthic eggs. During sampling the content of duodenal bulb one should introduce a catheter there being at 1-1.5 cm against pyloric bagasse and up to the major duodenal papilla one should perform slipping movements above mucosal surface. Aspiration should be fulfilled into a 10-20-g-syringe for 2-3 min. The method enables to detect infection with opisthorchiasis at low intensity of opisthorchiatic invasion.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.
FIELD: epidemiology and dermatology.
SUBSTANCE: invention, in particular, relates to such infective diseases as syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid, urogenital chlamidiosis, etc. By questioning a person, additional information is collected concerning sexual partners during a year and average number of coituses with one partner. Probability of contacting a contagious sexual partner in male/female population (Pm/f) is then found from following formula: Pm/f ~ (mDf/mQf/m)/(Mqf/mAP), where m/M represents infection danger factor (m is annual number of diseased persons and M population number); Df/m duration of infection period for women and men, respectively; Qf/m percentage of women and men, respectively, in population; A percentage of sexually active persons in population; and P percentage of persons with polygamous behavior in sexually active population. After that, contagion probability is determined by calculating annual individual infection risk using following formula: annual individual infection risk , where is average probability of contagion with given sexually communicating infection caused by one coitus; average number of coituses with each partner; probability for each partner to be infected and N number of sexual partners in unit time period.
EFFECT: enabled estimation of individual risk of infecting with different sexually communicated infections in regard to different infections and regarding selected population.
2 cl, 3 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: medicine, phthisiology.
SUBSTANCE: one should carry out test-therapy with antibiotics, moreover, preparation should be introduced into subcutaneous fiber of pre-tracheal area, subaxillary area at the side of lesion once daily at the dosage of 1/2 - 2/3 against the age daily dosage and 7-10 d later in case of roentgenologically proved healing of pulmonary inflammatory alterations one should state upon pneumonia, and in case of kept inflammatory alterations - tuberculosis. The present method enables to shorten the terms of diagnostics that, in its turn, enables to carry out corresponding therapy in due time and, thus, prophylaxis of possible jatrogenic complications.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of diagnostics.
FIELD: medicine, clinical toxicology.
SUBSTANCE: at patient's hospitalization one should gather the data of clinical and laboratory values: on the type of chemical substance, patient's age, data of clinical survey and laboratory values: body temperature, the presence or absence of dysphonia, oliguria being below 30 ml/h, hemoglobinuria, erythrocytic hemolysis, exotoxic shock, glucose level in blood, fibrinogen and creatinine concentration in blood serum, general bilirubin, prothrombin index (PTI), Ph-plasma, the state of blood clotting system. The state of every sign should be evaluated in points to be then summed up and at exceeding the sum of points being above "+20" one should predict unfavorable result. At the sum of "-13" prediction should be stated upon as favorable and at "-13" up to "+20" - prediction is considered to be doubtful.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of prediction.
2 ex, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves studying blood samples with venous blood mixed with vital stain like methylene blue. Degree of vital stain absorption by erythrocytes is determined by applying photocolorimetry. The value drop being more than 25%, extracorporal detoxication is to be predicted as ineffective.
EFFECT: simplified method.
SUBSTANCE: method involves evaluating prognostic signs and calculating their prognostic weight. Consciousness disorders and diagnosis set at prehospital stage are used as the prognostic signs. Calculations are carried out from formula: lethal outcome %= -15.99+19.1•C+14.7•DS-2.79•C•DS, where C is the ranged consciousness disorder degree, DS is the diagnosis set prehospital stage. The higher is the value, the higher is lethal outcome probability.
EFFECT: accelerated and simplified prognosis method.
SUBSTANCE: method involves evaluating proliferating processes by calculating index of positive cell nuclei (Ki-67). The Ki-67 value being from 6 to 16%, erosive ulcerating stomach lesions accompanied by stomach hemorrhage and hemorrhagic shock is to be predicted. The value being from 17 to 30%, erosive ulcerating stomach lesions without hemorrhage is to be predicted.
EFFECT: high accuracy of prognosis.
FIELD: medicine, urology.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with differential diagnostics of prostatic cancer and other prostatic diseases at the stage of primary inspection. The method includes the detection of PCA and calculation of probability coefficient for prostatic cancer (PCC) by the following formula: where e - the foundation of natural logarithm (e=2.718…), PCA - the level of total blood PCA in ng/ml, V - patient's age in years. At PCC value being above 0.2 one should diagnose prostatic cancer and to establish final diagnosis one should perform polyfocal prostatic biopsy. The method enables to increase accuracy of diagnostics at decreased number of unjustified prostatic biopsies.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of diagnostics.
SUBSTANCE: method involves determining homeostasis values and absolute number of neutrophils and lymphocytes in particular. Low neutrophil number being determined in a child during a number of years and low number of lymphocytes in the persons from the nearest child surrounding, the persons are to be examined for given psychosomatic pathology availability with following medical treatment to be applied to eliminate the detected pathology and to normalize homeostasis values and lymphocyte number among others.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of prophylaxis.
SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring radio signals and low frequency spectra of signals emitted by oral cavity organs and tissues in maxillofacial area. Decoding and comparison of the spectra to healthy organs and tissues spectra is carried out. Then, modulated information signals in infra-low frequency bandwidth corresponding to healthy organs and tissues signals are applied. Low frequency radio signals and spectra are measured. Treatment with modulated signals in infra-low frequency bandwidth is applied directly to organ or its location zone via skin.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness in diagnosing and treating oral cavity organs and tissues in maxillofacial area.
5 cl, 3 tbl
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has bottom and cover joined in inseparable way so that no chance is available to mismatch covers belonging to different containers. The bottom and internal part of cover are lined with sponge so that the allergenic disks are kept in uniformly wetted state. Grate with holes is attached to lower sponge, the holes narrowing downward as cones so that the allergenic disks are kept in stable vertical position.
EFFECT: simplified access to disks using forceps; excluded misidentification risk.
5 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: medicine, operative gynecology.
SUBSTANCE: at final stage of laparoscopic operation for 5-7 min one should introduce 16 U lidase in 1 ml 2%-lidocaine solution into uterine mesentery from both sides, and then, by not removing a needle - a half of single dose of antimicrobial preparation in 1 ml 2%-lidocaine solution, then in postoperational period - an antimicrobial preparation applied during laparoscopy lymphotropically under mucosa of lateral vaginal arch from both sides for 5-7 d once daily and one antimicrobial preparation - intravenously for 5-7 d, moreover, as antimicrobial preparations one should apply gentamicin, metrogyl and other preparations permitted for intravenous application. The present innovation stimulates lymphatic drainage in area of inflammation and activates interstitial humoral transport of antimicrobial preparations that, in its turn, favors complete sanitation of inflammation foci and prophylaxis of disease relapses.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.
1 cl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying biological indicator as mixture composed of 0.1% aqueous solution of amino acids: leucine, glycine, proline, serine, phenylalanine, histidine, oxyproline, arginine, glutamic amino acid and aspartic amino acid, 0.5% aqueous solution of neuromediators like dopamine and histamine, 12% aqueous solution of magnesium sulfate in proportion of amino acids : neuromediators : magnesium sulfate = 4:1:5. Indicator kept on neck surface in thyroid gland projection during 3-5min. It is dried at T=+35-40°C, studied in polarized light with quartz compensator. Columnar, columnar-and-striated, sheaf-like crystals and discharged polygonal variegated chambers being observed, thyroid gland hyperfunction is to be diagnosed.
EFFECT: high accuracy of diagnosis.