SUBSTANCE: detergent applicable for washing and watering of all types of textiles both under domestic conditions and in industrial contains, wt %: surfactants 1-14, sodium tripolyphosphate 20-30, sodium liquid glass 3, carboxymethylcellulose 0.5-0.8, polycarboxylate "Akremon" 0.1-1.5, soda ash 5-10, optical bleacher 0.2-0.3, odorant 0.05-0.1, sodium chloride 0.5-4.0, oxyethylated isononylphenol/triethanolamine/sodium hydroxide interaction product 1-14, water and sodium sulfate to 100%. Detergent may further contain of nonionic surfactants 0-3, sodium bicarbonate 0-5, polyvinylpyrrolidone 0-0.3, and foam suppressor 0-0.2.
EFFECT: enhanced detergent effect and acquired softening effect.
8 cl, 2 tbl, 8 ex
The invention relates to the production of synthetic detergents. Can be used for washing textiles from cotton, linen and synthetic fabrics in the home and in industrial laundries.
Known detergents containing anionic and nonionic surface-active substances (surfactants), crystalline zeolite, soda, silicates, water-soluble polymer, sodium sulfate, perfume, water [U.S. Pat. Germany No. 3644808, IPC C 11 D 3/20, 1993, U.S. Pat. U.S. No. 3962149, IPC C 11 D 3/20].
Also known pasty detergents containing synthetic fatty acids, surfactants, bleaches, water, mineral supplements, for example, alkylsulfate sodium, ["Willow" - OST 6-15-543-87] sodium chloride ["Lily" - GOST 22567-15-96].
But known detergents have an unpleasant odor and low foaming and washing capacity.
To eliminate the unpleasant smell of detergent add fragrances perfume, and to improve detergency and additionally enter in the composition of organic and inorganic additives.
Known detergent for washing, additionally containing silicate type of smectite in the amount of 3.0 to 15.0% [U.S. Pat. Germany No. 3702067, IPC C 11 D 3/20, 1984] and 2.0-10.0% of notinitialized [U.S. Pat. Germany No. 3709931, IPC 11 D 3/30, 1984].
The disadvantages of these methods are the high content of silicates in detergent that Pref is the CIO to poor solubility tools in the water, low washing ability, in addition, the lack of production of layered silicates domestic chemical industry, high cost abroad make it impossible to release affordable detergent.
Also known Laundry detergent comprising anionic and nonionic surfactants, ethoxylated fatty acid, CMC, complexing agents, mineral supplements, enzymes, optical brighteners, defoamers, perfume, sleek additive - bentonite clay [U.S. Pat. UK No. 2207144, IPC C 11 D 3/12, 1992].
But this means, as above, has insufficient washing capacity.
Known washing Laundry detergent containing anionic and/or nonionic surfactants, sodium tripolyphosphate, a mixture of inorganic additives, such as sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate, liquid glass, carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), bleach, water [U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2081156, IPC C 11 D 3/20, 1994, U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2089602, IPC 11 D 1/12, 1995].
But these detergents also provide a relatively low ability and do not provide sufficient softness of the washed product.
Also known detergent containing surfactants, soluble complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate, useful additives - sodium bicarbonate and carbon dioxide, sodium chloride, fillers - sodium silicate, is Ulfat sodium, antiresonant - CMC, optical brighteners, perfume, antifoam, water [U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2100428, IPC C 11 D 3/20, 1996].
The main disadvantage of the known detergent is insufficient washing ability tools and universalist, i.e. the impossibility of its application for all types of underwear, especially for color, resulting in the flushing of the paint. In addition, during long-term storage of detergent is the deterioration of its quality: caking, clumping, which generally reduces its cleaning ability.
Known detergent according to the patent of Russian Federation №2177986 containing a high percentage of soda ash, negatively affects the skin, causing allergic reactions that is especially true with hand washing, and is not a high washing capacity.
Known detergent containing anionic and nonionic surfactants, zeolite, modifying additives, such as sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium carbonate, components bleaching, sodium sulphate, CMC, antifoam [U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2182164, IPC 11 D 3/39, 3/12, 3/06, 1997].
The main disadvantage of the known tool is the high content of zeolites and surfactant, which leads to higher detergent and, in addition, keep a large amount in the composition of sodium sulfate corrode washing machines, if produce native art is RKU, low propulsively tissues that when you rinse linen leads to a large consumption of water.
The closest technical solution prototype is a detergent containing anionic and nonionic surfactants, antiresonant - sodium silicate, carboxymethylcellulose, and sometimes sodium citrate, complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate, useful additives - sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, optical Brightener, the antifoam polivinilpirolidon, fillers - sulfate of sodium and water in the following ratio of components, wt.%:
|1. Anionic surfactants:|
|- alkylbenzenesulfonate sodium or|
|the mixture alkylsulfonates (sulfonic acid)||- 10,0|
|- polyoxyethyleneglycol esters|
|stearic acid (liquid soap)||- 5,0-8,0|
|2. Nonionic surfactants:|
|- polyoxyethylene esters|
|fatty acids of General formula|
|where: R=C0-16 ; n=5-6|
|or polietilenglikolya esters|
|monoalkylphenols General formula|
|where: n=10-12 (Neonol)||- 1,0-3,0|
|3. Tripolyphosphate||- 35,0|
|or Tripolyphosphate||- 25,0|
|and Citrate||- 5,0|
|4. Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC)||- 0,5|
|or antiresonant "Dar"||- 2,0|
|5. Sodium silicate (in terms of SiO2)||- 3,0|
|6. Polyvinylpyrrolidone||- 0,5|
|7. Optical brighteners||- 0,15-0,2|
|8. Sodium bicarbonate||- 5,0-10,0|
|9. Sodium carbonate||- 0-5,0|
|10. Sodium chloride||- 5,0|
|11. Antifoam||the 0.1 - 0.2|
|12. The sodium sulfate and water||- rest|
[Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2167190, IPC 11 D 1/83, 3/10, 3/075, 2000].
The disadvantages of this detergent are insufficient softness of the washed fabric, not a high detergency and high consumption of dobrogost asego surfactant sulfonic acid, which generally increases the cost of detergent.
The technical task of the invention is to increase the cleaning action of the product, reducing its cost and making more soft washed linen.
The problem is solved in that, synthetic detergent containing anionic surfactants (AS), complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate, antiresonance carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), glass liquid sodium, mineral supplements - soda ash, sodium chloride, optical bleach, fillers - sodium sulphate and water, additionally contains polycarboxylate "it also" and the product of the interaction of polyoxyethylene isononylphenol, triethanolamine and sodium hydroxide in the following ratio of components, wt.%:
|1. Anionic surfactants||- 1,0-14,0|
|2. Sodium tripolyphosphate||- 15,0-30,0|
|3. Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC)|
|(in recalculation on 100%mass fraction|
|the basic substance)||- 0,5-0,8|
|4. Polycarboxylate "it also"||- 0,1-1,5|
|5. Glass liquid sodium (in terms of SiO2)||- 3,0||6. Soda ash||- 5,0-10,0|
|8. Optical bleach||- 0,2-0,3|
|9. Product interaction|
|triethanolamine and sodium hydroxide||- 1,0-14,0|
|10. Sodium chloride||- 0,5-4,0|
|11. Perfume||- 0,05-0,1|
|12. Water and sodium sulfate||100|
In addition, the inventive detergent contains neinogennye surfactant in the amount of 0-3,0% by weight; sodium bicarbonate - 0-5,0 wt.%, antifoam - 0-0,2 wt.%, polyvinylpyrrolidone - 0-0,3% wt.
As anionic surfactants, detergent contains at least one compound from the series: sodium salt carboxymethylamino of ethoxylate of isononylphenol (sinterol), sodium salt of alkylbenzenesulfonate (sulfonic acid), sodium alkyl sulphates.
As neionogennyh surfactant detergent contains at least one compound from the series: ethoxylated ALKYLPHENOLS on the basis of propylene trimer (neonols), monoalkyl ethers of polyethylene glycol on the basis of primary fatty alcohols (fatty alcohol ethoxylates).
Use in the inventive detergent product of the interaction of polyoxyethylene isononylphenol, three is trolamine and sodium hydroxide (a product of the interaction) together with surface-active substances will increase the activity of the surfactants and increase ability means, i.e. this product acts as an activator of the washing steps.
As polycarboxylate "it also uses asymmetric polycarboxylate molecular weight of 250 thousand General formula
The use of Acremon" prevents re-deposition of dirt and reduces water hardness and improves the particle size distribution and flowability of the detergent.
For the preparation of detergent by the claimed method of the source reagents must meet the following requirements:
"It also" use THE 2492-001-46270704-2001;
Line Las sodium - sulfonic acid produced by STF 00204872-15-P:
- The sodium salt of carboxymethylated polyoxyethylene isononylphenol (sinterol) corresponds to THE 38-507-63-0192-93;
- Ethoxylated ALKYLPHENOLS on the basis of propylene trimer (neonols) use THE 2483-077-05766801-98;
- Monoalkyl ethers of polyethylene glycol on the basis of primary fatty alcohols (fatty alcohol ethoxylates) use THE 6-14-577-88 or THE 6-14-864-88 or THE 6-14-819-88;
- Neonol on THE 2483-077-05766801-98;
- Triethanolamine on THE 602-02-916-79 am.1-5 (grade B);
- Caustic soda technical GOST 2263-79;
- Tripolyphosphate according to GOST 13493, or THE 2148-037-00194441-02, or THE 2148-095-43499406-98, or THE 113-00-05759020-25-95;
- Glass sodium use according to GOST 13078-81 or GOST 13079-93, or who Have 2145-026-00204872-2002;
The sodium sulfate according to GOST 21458-75 or GOST 6318-77, or THE 2141-084-00209527-99, or THE 21-249-00204168-92;
Components regulating pH of the medium is sodium carbonate (soda ash - GOST 5100-85) and sodium bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) GOST 2156-76;
Carboxymethylcellulose technical (CMC) brand 70/300, 75/400 or 85/700 on THE 6-55-40-90, or THE 2231-017-32957739-02 or Cancel 0 (1) TU 2231-001-35193780-96 or THE 2389-011-262839127-96.
Sodium chloride is the electrolyte lowers the critical concentration of micelle formation, helps to achieve maximum surface activity at minimal cost surface-active substance and serves to give additional soft washed linen. Use according to GOST 13830-91 or THE 9192-027-002-04872-95.
As use perfumes fragrances for Soaps and detergents.
As use perfumes fragrances for Soaps and detergents, such as THE 64-19-137-91, or THE 10-04-16-31-87, or LV-05-94, or other commercially available perfumes.
As optical Brightener use bleach, such as Belfor KD-2 6-14-423 on THE 6-14-423-87, or THE 6-38-05800142-174-95, or THE 6-38-05800142-154-94 for cotton fabrics, or, for example, Relux OTHERS (Czech Republic), or universal whitening composition "Silufol" beyond 2382-002-51162649-99 synthetic and mixed fabrics, or other commercially available optical is their bleachers.
Antifoam and polyvinylpyrrolidone imports.
The product of the interaction is obtained by mixing neonols, triethanolamine and sodium hydroxide in a stoichiometric ratio at 70°C for 8 hours. In the fall salt, which was washed with an organic solvent, filtered and dried to constant weight at a temperature of the boiling point of the solvent. In the end you get a product that is a white powder, soluble in water and alcohols C1-C4insoluble in hydrocarbons.
The product of interaction and method thereof filed with the application for the invention.
The technical essence of the invention is confirmed by the following examples.
Example 1'. The synthesis of the product of the interaction of polyoxyethylene isononylphenol, triethanolamine and sodium hydroxide
Into the reaction flask with stirrer and reflux condenser load under stirring to 67.3 g of neonols, 4 g of sodium hydroxide and 15.2 g of triethanolamine. Heated the reaction mass to a temperature of 70°and incubated for 8 hours the reaction Product is a salt, which are evaporation of the reaction mixture. Loose salt is washed with an organic solvent, filtered and dried to constant weight at a temperature of the boiling point of the solvent. In the end you get to 70.8 g (88%) of product, representing with the Oh white powder with a melting point 283-286° Since, well soluble in water and alcohols C1-C4insoluble in hydrocarbons.
In a glass reactor equipped with a jacket heater, load the calculated amount of water; the product of the interaction of ethoxylated isononylphenol, triethanolamine and sodium hydroxide; herstory, which is prepared separately by mixing the stated amount of surfactant, liquid glass, water, CMC, "Acremon", optical Brightener, antifoam at room temperature. Then into the reactor with constant stirring upload sodium sulphate, soda ash and/or sodium bicarbonate, sodium tripolyphosphate, and sodium chloride. Heated to a temperature of 60-80°and at this temperature was kept for 20-30 minutes. Next, the resulting composition is dried to a moisture content of 5-15%. The dry product is ground and then add the flavoring.
Examples of the claimed detergent composition shown in table 1, the figures in table 2.
Use detergent containing the claimed components in a larger ratio than the claimed impractical in smaller - not achieved the claimed technical result.
Ability is determined by standard methods GOST 22567.15-95 as the ratio of the degree of removal of the contamination of the test solution of detergent to step shall neither relieve the pollution solution composition comparison on artificially contaminated pigment-oil composition of cotton fabric at a temperature of 80° With in a laboratory washing machine "Linetext+".
Sleek effect is determined by RD 6-40-00209645.2.1.-92.
Based on data presented, we can conclude that the claimed synthetic detergent will expand the range of high-quality CMC has high consumer properties, not inferior in detergency analogues and prototype. Additionally, washed the proposed composition of the detergent and the fabric has a higher score softness than fabric, washed by means of the prototype.
* - prototype
|no examples||Washing capacity GOST 22567.15-95*||Sleek action, RD 6-40-00209645.2.1.-92 points||White GOST|
|Prototype 2||100,0||100,0||100,0||68||63||72||of 87.0||1||103,6||104,0||104,5||76||73||79||88,6|
|* The cleaning ability of the prototype is accepted for 100%.|
1. Synthetic detergent containing anionic surface-active substances (surfactants), complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate, antiresonance carboxymethylcellulose, glass liquid sodium, mineral supplements - soda ash, sodium chloride, optical bleach, fillers - sodium sulphate and water, characterized in that the additional means includes polycarboxylate "it also", the odorant and the product of the interaction of polyoxyethylene isononylphenol, triethanolamine and sodium hydroxide in the following ratio, wt.%:
|Carboxymethylcellulose in recalculation on 100%|
|mass fraction of main substance||0,5-0,8|
|Polycarboxylate "it also"||0.1 to 1.5|
|Glass liquid sodium (in terms of SiO2)||3,0|
|Optical bleach||of 0.2-0.3|
|triethanolamine and sodium hydroxide||1,0-14,0|
|Water and sodium sulfate||100|
2. Synthetic detergent according to claim 1, characterized in that the anionic surfactant contains at least one compound from the series: sodium salt carboxymethylamino of ethoxylate of isononylphenol (sinterol), sodium salt of alkylbenzenesulfonate (sulfonic acid), sodium alkyl sulphates.
3. Synthetic detergent according to claim 1, otlichayas the same time, which further contains a nonionic surfactant in the amount of 0-3,0 wt.%.
4. Synthetic detergent according to claim 1,3, characterized in that as neionogennyh surfactant contains at least one compound from the series: ethoxylated ALKYLPHENOLS on the basis of propylene trimer(neonols), monoalkyl ethers of polyethylene glycol on the basis of primary fatty alcohols (fatty alcohol ethoxylates).
5. Synthetic detergent according to claim 1, characterized in that as polycarboxylate "it also uses asymmetric polycarboxylate molecular weight of 250 thousand General formula
6. Synthetic detergent according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises sodium bicarbonate in the amount of 0-5,0 wt.%.
7. Synthetic detergent according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises a defoamer in an amount of 0-0,2 wt.%.
8. Synthetic detergent according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises polyvinylpyrrolidone in an amount of 0-0,3 wt.%.
SUBSTANCE: detergent solution suitable for use in medicine, food industry, mechanical engineering, and other industries as well as in domestic practice to treat various polluted surfaces contains 10.4-18.5% surfactant composition, including nonionic surfactant (6.8-11.7%), anionic surfactant (3.1-5.8%), and cationic surfactant (0.5-1.0%), 3.0-9.8% active cleaning additive, 0.5-6.0% disinfecting agent based on polyhexamethyleneguanidine derivatives, and solvent (the balance). Active cleaning additive comprises sodium salts of phosphoric, sulfuric, and silicic acids, and sodium carboxymethylcellulose. Cationic surfactant quaternary ammonium compound, preferably alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride or didecyldimethylammonium chloride. Nonionic surfactant preferably consists of mixture constituted by moistening agent, sintanol, and neonol. Anionic preferably consists of sulfanol and alkyl sulfate of primary fatty acids.
EFFECT: improved detergent and anticorrosive properties, increased fungicidal activity, and achieved high antibacterial efficacy allowing detergent solution to significantly widen activity spectrum and application area.
8 cl, 4 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: detergent composition for metallurgy.
SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains (g/l): sodium hydroxide 6.05-12.05; sodium carbonate 5.25-10.75; sodium silicate 0.27-0.47; sodium tripolyphosphate 1.20-2.70; propylene trimer-based oxyethylated monoalkyl phenol containing 12 mol of ethylene oxide in molecule 0.073-0.158; propylene trimer-based oxyethylated monoalkyl phenol containing 6 mol of ethylene oxide in molecule 0.054-0.106; antifoaming agent 0.011-0.023; and balance to 1 l: water, wherein mass ratio of surfactant mixture to antifoaming agent is 11.5:1. Composition of present invention is useful in degreasing of rolled metal in rolls at high velocity (20-30 s) continuous treatment before coating (zinc plating, insulated coating, etc.) and affords the ability to provide metal surface of high purity.
EFFECT: detergent with reduced foaming useful for pretreatment of anizotropic electric steel.
2 tbl, 6 ex