Method for off-line heating of and hot-water supply to dwelling house and off-line system for heating of and hot-water supply to dwelling house

FIELD: thermal engineering; off-line heating of and hot-water supply to houses and industrial buildings and structures.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method involves use of heat produced by heat-power generator by heating gas and water coolants circulating in pipelines over closed loop, starting of internal-combustion engine on source liquid or gaseous fuel, heating of coolants by engine exhaust gases and by hot water of engine cooling system, plenum ventilation of premises with hot air passed from heat-transfer apparatus, heating of premises with aid of radiators supplied with heat-carrying agent, water heating in boiler for domestic needs, and heat accumulation in heat-storage materials insulated in earth foundation under the house. Heat is produced for heating and hot-water supply by pyrolysis of domestic wastes and combustible refuse and materials in gas-generator autoclaves. Heat of exhaust gases from internal-combustion engine and electric heaters supplied with power from engine generator is used for heating and pyrolysis of combustible materials. Pyrolysis products in the form of combustible and flue gases are used as heat-carrying agents in heat-transfer apparatus of premises ventilation system and then condensed into liquid fuel in water boiler. Liquid fuel is used for engine running in working mode. Engine exhaust gases are passed through gas generators and then used as heat-carrying agents for heating radiators and further conveyed for heat accumulation in heat-storage materials, after that, to water heating boiled, whereupon they are exhausted into the atmosphere through detrimental-gas catalyst. Installation implementing proposed method is also described.

EFFECT: enhanced system efficiency and reduced consumption of expensive source energy carrier due to recovery of domestic wastes and combustible refuse thereby preventing pollution of environment.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of heat and are designed for Autonomous heating and hot water supply of residential houses, industrial buildings and structures.

There is a method of Autonomous heating and hot water, which consists in receiving heat from the gas generator by burning in it a source of fuel, heated water as a coolant in the tank, which under natural circulation moves through the supply and return lines between the heater core and water-tank, and in the start-up period gasifier heat accumulate brick chimney with thermal insulation circulation of water between the water-tank and expansion tank [1].

The disadvantage of this method of Autonomous heating and hot water is low ecology process due to the combustion of the original fuel gas generator and a large emission of flue gases and heat through the chimney with a General decrease in the efficiency of the heating and hot water. The heat storage water tank and the expansion tank is insufficient for a prolonged period between runs of the heat generator.

The closest in technical essence to the present invention is a method of Autonomous heating and hot water implemented. is hydrated in the building of the school, Kungsbacka in Sweden [2], which consists in receiving the heat from the solar collectors roof deck of the building, the heating of the air as the heat transfer fluid in the solar collectors and feed it through the inlet pipe heat pump driven by an internal combustion engine in an underground heat accumulator, installed under the building, then when you exit the underground battery air heats the water in the storage tank and enters the tank-water heater, from the return line of the air pump is sent for recycling, and the heat in the storage tank to produce exhaust gases of the internal combustion engine, the cooling which provides water storage tank and hot water from the tank of the water heater enters the valves for household needs and circulates in the heating system to radiators premises and enters the air handling unit with heat exchanger for heating air in the building.

The disadvantage of this method is the dependence of the heating system and hot water from the amount of solar radiation and solar days in a year, and which in the Extreme North and in the long winter period in climatic areas with low air temperatures is not applicable. If this disadvantage is compensated by the warmth of ychopnh gases of the internal combustion engine, the system efficiency becomes low at the considerable cost of fuel for the engine. The engine also works primarily in idle mode for producing hot exhaust gases, since the air pump will pump the air from the ground to the battery. To consider and strong environmental pollution from engine exhaust emitted through the chimney into the atmosphere.

Known Autonomous heating system and hot water residential house from the water heater, built-in generator, running on solid, liquid or gaseous fuel containing the heat storage tank for water, napolitamo as a coolant, the heat generator with built-in water heater that is connected with the water-tank supply and return piping, sanitary devices and expansion tank connected to the water supply and discharge pipelines, the first of which opened input ring in the cavity of the surge tank, and the water-tank and the expansion tank is connected additionally circulation and pressure pipe and the chimney is equipped with thermal insulation for heat accumulation in masonry [1].

The disadvantages of this system are: use as a gas generator furnace or boiler with a chimney for the of ibros flue gases into the atmosphere from pollution, and low efficiency of the system due to the emission of large quantities of heat from the hot flue gases in the atmosphere and insufficient protection of heat accumulated in the tank and the expansion tank, heat capacity which is insufficient water for an extended period between runs of the heat generator. The power of this system for heating and hot water plant industrial buildings and high-rise residential buildings may not be enough.

The closest in technical essence to the present invention is an Autonomous heating system and hot water supply of residential buildings [2], which includes the heat generator in the form of solar collectors built into the roof deck of the building, with supply and return air piping, mepolizumab as a coolant, the circulation of which is an air pump driven by an internal combustion engine, a water cooling jacket which is connected with the discharge and inlet closed pipe, the air pump is connected by air piping in a closed loop ground heat accumulator with one hand and with the tank on the other hand, the water cooling jacket of the engine internal combustion is connected in a closed circuit with the tank, while the discharge pipe of the engine is made in the form of heat is aemula coil around the exhaust manifold, moreover, the storage tank with water as the heat carrier is connected in a closed circuit through a pipeline to the tank-water heater and after him with radiators heating on one side and with a ventilation system with heat exchanger on the other side.

A disadvantage of the known systems of heating and hot water is its low environmental friendliness due to the emission of exhaust gases, and low efficiency of work in the Far North and climatic regions with a long winter period, when there is little number of Sunny days in a year, and heating is conducted only by the heat of exhaust gases of an internal combustion engine with a substantial flow of the original liquid or gaseous fuel.

The technical result according to the method of Autonomous heating and hot water supply of residential homes, including the use of the heat generator heat energy by heating air and water coolant circulating in the pipes in a closed loop, the start of the internal combustion engine to a source of liquid or gaseous fuels; heating the coolant of the exhaust gases of the engine and hot water water engine cooling, forced ventilation with warm air from the heat exchanger, the heating of the premises from radiators coolant naked what s in the boiler water for household needs and the accumulation of heat in the heat capacity of the materials, isolated in soil Foundation under the house, is achieved in that the heat for heating and hot water is produced by pyrolysis waste and hot debris and materials in autoclave generators, heating and pyrolysis of combustible materials produce heat of exhaust gases of the internal combustion engine and teploelektronagrevatel feeding of the energy of the electric motor, the products of pyrolysis are combustion and flue gases are used as coolant in the heat exchanger of the ventilation system of the air space and then condense to liquid fuels in a boiler to heat water, fuel use for engine operation in the operating mode, and the exhaust gas after gas generators are used as fluid for radiators, then sent for heat storage in the heat capacity of the materials, then the boiler to heat the water and through the catalyst harmful gases enter the atmosphere.

The proposed method is Autonomous heating and hot water supply has increased efficiency in ongoing it heating systems due to the closure of the cycle, when the combustible products waste processing are returned by the generator in the engine, and the output leaving only ash, slag and soot used in the private sector for Udo is rhenium and construction. Under the new method there is no dependence on non-conventional energy sources, in particular solar radiation, and used as fuel waste, flammable waste, construction waste and other unwanted materials subject to disposal in landfills, so is the protection of the environment from pollution. Environmental protection the environment is due to the exhaust gas catalysis. Electric energy from the electric generator motor can be used for lighting, household needs, and also for heating, which extends the application of the proposed method. Thermal calculations show significant heat generation by the proposed method is sufficient for heating 2-4 houses with 2-3 floors and subsistence farming. It becomes possible reliable and cheap heating greenhouses, farms, industrial and factory buildings and ancillary facilities, receive their independence in electricity and heating and hot water supply from the Central electricity and heat.

The technical result in the Autonomous system of heating and hot water supply of residential homes, including sanitary device and heated dwelling house with radiators and supply ventilation system heated from the exchanger is of Annika air, closed piping system for the passage of fluids, the internal combustion engine with a pump, a water cooling jacket associated with the water tank closed pipeline, with the fuel dispenser and collector of exhaust gases passing through the heat exchanger water tank, and a thermal battery as a stand-alone material in the soil Foundation under the floor of the house, surrounding the pipe of the coolant is achieved by the fact that the generator of heat is made in the form of alternately switches on and unloading the autoclave gas generators for the pyrolysis of waste, combustible waste and materials with built-in under casing teplojelektrosetejj feeding of the energy of the electric motor, and with the Central stem for the passage of exhaust gases from the engine manifold, the barrel through the pipeline at the outlet of the gas generator is connected with radiators radiators premises from which the pipe with the exhaust gases as the heat transfer fluid passes through the insulated heat the battery under the floor of the house and connected with the boiler, installed in the tank in the form of a coil, and the output of the boiler is connected to the catalyst harmful gases loaded with flammable materials for pyrolysis cavity of the gas generator between the Central shaft and the casing of teploelektronagrevatel pipeline with combustible and combustion gases as the coolant heat exchanger of a ventilating system, and then - with a single coil in the boiler water tank to condense into a liquid fuel metering device of the engine.

The proposed heating system and hot water is fully Autonomous and does not depend on the Central grid and main pipes, can be implemented in rural areas and suburban areas, factory and industrial buildings and structures. The system has a high efficiency, fuel for heat in the system is household waste, combustible waste and other materials that are subjected to pyrolysis without exit of smoke and carbon monoxide gases in the atmosphere. The products of pyrolysis - flammable gases and liquid fuels obtained after condensation of the combustible gas used for internal combustion engine connected to an electric generator that produces electricity for lighting and to support the process of pyrolysis in the gas generators operating on the principle of autoclaves. Launch and work in the specified mode gas generators provide thermal heaters and exhaust gas temperature at the outlet of the manifold 2300°With, warming up generators heat up to 800°C. a Mixture of combustible gases entering the heat exchanger ventilation units, forcing heated air is placed in the I, and Dale in the boiler tank to condense into a liquid fuel engine and for heating water heating systems, sufficient safe for indoors because it can work in the proposed system outside the house, and the exhaust gases from the manifolds of the engine coming into the trunk of the generators of heat, next in the boiler of the storage tank for heating water heating systems and after boiler registers an insulated heat storage in the soil under the building, not to represent areas of danger.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which schematically presents the system of Autonomous heating and hot water supply of residential houses.

Autonomous heating system contains alternately switches on and unloading the autoclave gas generators 1 with built-in under casing 2 teploelektronagrevatel 3, loading and unloading hatches 4, 5 with airtight lids 6 and 7 and with the Central shaft 8, intended for the pyrolysis of waste, combustible waste materials accumulated in the bins 9, and the internal combustion engine 10 with a water cooling jacket 11 and a water pump (not shown), with the collector 12 of the exhaust gases is used as the heat carrier and dispenser 13 liquid and gaseous fuels, which is connected through the clutch 14 the generator 1 to generate electrical current for teploelektronagrevatel 3 and lighting. The house is equipped with a ventilation system for heating warm air, consisting of the air intake fan 16, boxes with built-in heat exchanger 17 and the ventilation Windows 18 and slots 19 extending into the basement and into the side walls and the radiators 20 heating. Under the floor 21 in the earthen Foundation of the house is arranged in the heat accumulator 22, made in the form of closed in the insulator 23 specific heat of the material 24, which is cobble, gravel and sand, hiding the pipe 25 with the exhaust gases as a heat carrier. Hot water supply system (see drawing) consists of a water tank 26 to be heated for sanitation needs of water 27, made with double walls forming tank 28 for cooling water from the water cooling jacket 11 of the engine 10, and with built-in inside the boiler 29 made in the form of two coils 30 and 31 with hot fluids, which are used, respectively, of the exhaust gases coming from the heat accumulator 22, and the smoke and combustion gases coming from the heat exchanger 17 of the ventilation system. At the outlet of the water tank 26, the coil 30 is connected with the catalyst 32 of harmful gases from the exhaust of the exhaust gases emitted after the catalyst into the atmosphere, and the coil 31 with condensed from combustible gases LM is Kim fuel is connected through a pipe 33 with the spout 13 of the engine 10. Water tank 26 with the heated water is connected through line 34 with sanitary and technical devices. The capacity of 28 water tank 26 through a pressure 35 and the supply line 36 is connected with a water cooling jacket 11 of the engine 10. The reservoir 12 of the exhaust gases of the engine 10 are connected to the Central shaft 8 generators 1 through line 37. The barrel 8 of the gas generator 1 is connected with the heat exchanger 17 of the ventilation system through line 41, and the heat exchanger 17 is connected with the coil 31 by a pipe 39. The cavity 40 of the gas generator 1, loaded with flammable materials for pyrolysis, are connected by a pipe 38 with the radiators 20, connected to the output pipe 25 in the heat accumulator 22.

Heating systems residential home operates as follows. From the hopper 9 accumulated waste, combustible waste and materials loaded through the loading window 4 into the cavity 40 autoclave gas generators 1 and cover tightly with the lid 6. The source of liquid or gaseous fuel start the internal combustion engine 10 and from it through the clutch 14 generator 15, the energy of the electric current which goes to heating of the combustible materials from teploelektronagrevatel 3 under the casing 2, as well as for lighting and household needs, and exhaust gases with a temperature of 2300°from manifold 12 of the engine through the pipe 37 extending the t to the Central shaft 8 of the gas generator 1 for heating and pyrolysis of combustible materials at a temperature of 800° And then when you exit the gas generator through the pipe 38 into the radiators 20 space heating homes, after which they are sent into the pipe 25 of the heat accumulator 22, in which heat is transferred from the exhaust gases heat the material 24 (gravel, cobble, sand, etc. installed in the insulator 23 under the floor 21 of the premises in the earthen Foundation of the house, and then pipe the exhaust gases are directed to the coil 30 of the heater 29, a built-in water tank 26, to obtain hot water, and after catalyst 32 and purification from harmful gases sent into the atmosphere. Fuel and flue gases from the container of the gas generator as a heat transfer products of pyrolysis are sent through the pipeline 41 first heat exchanger 17, the built-in box ventilation system with fan 16 for receiving a supply of warm air for space heating through slots 19 in the walls of the house and through the window 18 under the floor 21. After the heat exchanger 17 combustible and combustion gases through the pipe 39 is sent to the coil 31 of the boiler 29, where it is condensed into liquid fuel produced at the outlet of the water tank 26 through pipe 33 into the dispenser 13 fuel consumption of the engine 10. Cooling water of the engine 10 from the water jacket 11 is heated, the water pump of the engine (not shown) flows through the pressure pipe 35 in a heated tank 28 of the water tank 26, gives off heat to the heating water is in the tank and the inlet pipe 36 is returned cooled in the cooling jacket 11 of the engine 10, maintaining the operating temperature 93°C. is Heated in the tank 26 hot water flows through the pipe 34 into the sanitary device. The generators in turn relieve after pyrolysis of combustible material by the emission of soot, ash and slag through the discharge box 5 after opening the lid 7. In the interval between successive triggerings of the generators 1 uses the heat accumulated in the heat accumulator 22.

The proposed method is based on an Autonomous heating system and hot water is implemented on the plant Tverstroymash" and will allow you to disable the factory premises from the Central electricity and heating mains of the city, periodically turning off because of lack of energy. This will move the company on a stand-alone independent heating, hot water and lighting, while utilized production combustible waste, tires, collected municipal waste to destroy the generators without the emission of harmful residues in the environment. It saves significant amounts of money on buying expensive energy carriers (coal, gas and others), disposal, transport costs. The organization of centralized garbage collection for use in gas generators of the plant will allow to solve urban problems in recycling of household and industrial ododo is, including processed tires. It is advisable for get and save a large amount of heat to use the proposed method for Autonomous heating and hot water supply of several lodges or cottages, and even entire towns that depends on the power and number of autoclave gas generators. There is considerable interest of Industrialists, private individuals and municipal services in the immediate implementation of the proposed inventions.

Sources of information

1. SU 1295157 A1, 02.01.1985.

2. BORISOV, V.I. and other Your home. The benefit to the individual developer, Tver, IPP "Prometheus": M.: Kolos, 1994, s-309.

1. How Autonomous heating and hot water supply of residential homes, including the use of the heat generator heat energy by heating the gas and water coolant circulating in the pipes in a closed loop, the start of the internal combustion engine to a source of liquid or gaseous fuels; heating the coolant of the exhaust gases of the engine and hot water water engine cooling, forced ventilation with warm air from the heat exchanger, the heating of the premises from radiators coolant heated in the boiler water for household needs and the accumulation of heat in the heat capacity of the material isolated in soil Foundation under the house, on the tives such as those the heat for heating and hot water is produced by pyrolysis of waste and combustible waste materials in autoclave generators, heating and pyrolysis of combustible materials produce heat of exhaust gases of the internal combustion engine and teploelektronagrevatel feeding of the energy of the electric motor, the products of pyrolysis are combustion and flue gases are used as coolant in the heat exchanger of the ventilation system of the air space and then condense to liquid fuels in a boiler to heat water, liquid fuel use for engine operation in the operating mode, and the exhaust gas after gas generators are used as fluid for radiators, then sent to accumulation of heat in heat the materials, then the boiler to heat the water and through the catalyst harmful gases into the atmosphere.

2. Autonomous heating system and hot water supply of residential homes, including sanitary device and heated dwelling house with radiators and supply ventilation system heated from the heat exchanger the air, closed system of pipes for the passage of fluids, the internal combustion engine with a pump with a water cooling jacket associated with the water tank closed water from the dispenser is m fuel and exhaust manifold, passing through the heat exchanger water tank, and a thermal battery as a stand-alone heat material in the soil Foundation under the floor of the house, surrounding the pipeline fluids, characterized in that the generator of heat is made in the form of alternately switches on and unloading the autoclave gas generators for the pyrolysis of waste, combustible waste and materials with built-in under casing teploelektronagrevatel feeding of the energy of the electric motor, and with the Central stem for the passage of exhaust gases from the engine manifold, the barrel through the pipeline at the outlet of the gas generator is connected with radiators radiators premises from which the pipe with the exhaust gases as the heat transfer fluid passes through insulated thermal battery under the floor of the house and connected with the boiler, installed in the tank in the form of a coil, and the output of the boiler is connected to the catalyst harmful gases loaded with flammable materials for pyrolysis cavity of the gas generator between the Central shaft and the casing of teploelektronagrevatel connected by pipeline with combustible and combustion gases as the coolant heat exchanger of a ventilating system, and then - with a single coil in the boiler water tank to condense into liquid fuels for doctorates.



 

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FIELD: thermal engineering; off-line heating of and hot-water supply to houses and industrial buildings and structures.

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EFFECT: enhanced system efficiency and reduced consumption of expensive source energy carrier due to recovery of domestic wastes and combustible refuse thereby preventing pollution of environment.

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FIELD: heating equipment and cooling systems of rooms, applicable for maintenance of the temperature condition in dwelling houses and production areas both in winter and summer periods.

SUBSTANCE: the temperature condition in dwelling houses and production areas is maintained by circulation of air blown through by an air intake through a heat exchanger, a heated or cooled down working medium circulates inside it, and supplied through air conduits to the room to be heated/ cooled. The circulating air is saturated by a fine-dispersed liquid or by its vapors. Air supply is accomplished into the heating/ cooling panels with heat conducting walls forming a closed circulation system jointly with the air ducts, heat exchanger and air intake. The fine-dispersed liquid and condensed vapors are moved through the narrow ducts of the panels with the aid of the velocity head of the circulating air. The device for maintenance of the temperature condition in dwelling hoses and production areas is also described.

EFFECT: prevented or reduced forced air circulation in the room, enhanced share of the radiant component of heating or cooling, and prevented reduction of the relative air humidity in the room at its cooling.

18 cl, 6 dwg

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