Method of correcting emitting reflex during prosthesis operation

FIELD: stomatology.

SUBSTANCE: patient rinses his/her oral cavity with 10-12% sodium chloride solution at 25-40°C for 20-25 min, after which, 10-15 min later, denture is placed into oral cavity.

EFFECT: achieved prolonged reduction in emitting reflex activity.

3 ex

 

The invention relates to medicine, namely to prosthetics and implantology, and can be applied for the correction of gagging.

The known correction method gagging, taken as the analog of (1). According to the method of correction gagging spend large doses of pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), which is prescribed orally or intravenously 50-100 mg up to 6 times per day.

The known correction method gagging, adopted for the prototype. According to the method prototype reducing the severity gag reflex is achieved with drug - pipolphen (2).

However, the application of the prototype method provides only short-term blockade of gagging.

The aim of the present invention is to improve the efficiency correction gag reflex due to the prolonged decline in its intensity.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the active substance applied 10-12% salt solution at a temperature of 25-40°C for 20-25 min, then after 10-15 min in the oral cavity of the denture is placed.

The method is as follows.

Prosthetics patient with a high gag reflex is very difficult, because the equip (fitting) dentures, exciting small and large molars, is when there is a high gag reflex in some cases it is not possible.

Patient conduct or partial dentures full dentures, reaching a facility, or implantation of molars and premolars. With the introduction of manufactured prosthesis in the patient's mouth appears gag reflex.

Made removable prosthesis, which hit in the mouth causes a gag reflex, placed in a glass vessel with water of 250-350 ml of water at a temperature of 25-40°C. In the same vessel pour 250-350 ml of water at a temperature of 25-40°C. Dissolve it 25-42 g of sodium chloride, then the patient rinses the mouth with a saturated solution of salt within 20-25 minutes After 10-15 min in the oral cavity put extracted from the first vessel removable denture in the oral cavity; a gag reflex does not occur.

At very high predisposition of the patient to the development of a gag reflex and the ability to wear a removable prosthesis, the patient is recommended to repeat the procedure to reduce gagging, according to the proposed method, at home one or two times.

Way of the following examples.

Example 1.

The patient And the society. 63 years old, was admitted for planned prosthesis. The dental formula is 00000321 I 12300000. A partial prosthesis premolars and molars on both sides. With the introduction of manufactured prosthesis in the patient's mouth reveals what I gag reflex. The patient was recommended to put the denture in a glass, pour 250 ml of warm boiled water at a temperature of 25°C. In another beaker pour 250 ml of water at a temperature of 25°C. it dissolve 25 g of sodium chloride. The patient rinses the oral cavity with a saturated salt solution for 20 minutes Then stand for 10 minutes, and then puts in the mouth made dentures. When this gag reflex does not occur. Subsequent wearing of the prosthesis takes place without complications.

Example 2.

Patient P in, 59 years old, was admitted for planned prosthetic lower jaw. The dental formula - 00000021 I 02300000. Made removable bridge 21 I 023 prosthesis on the basis of the cermet. A partial prosthesis in the lower jaw. Made a partial denture made of plastic. With the introduction of manufactured prosthesis in the patient's mouth taped gag reflex. The patient with a recommendation to put the denture in a glass vessel, pour 350 ml of warm boiled water at a temperature of 40°With, in the same vessel to pour 350 ml of water at a temperature of 40°C. it is dissolved in 42 g of sodium chloride. The patient rinses the mouth with a saturated solution of salt for 25 minutes Later he stands 15 min, and then puts on a custom denture. When this gag reflex did not arise. Subsequent wear dentures come in is about without complications.

Example 3.

Patient R-Skye, 71 years old, was admitted for planned prosthesis in the upper jaw. The dental formula is I 00000000 00000000. A full prosthesis in the upper jaw. The prosthesis is made with porcelain teeth. With the introduction of manufactured prosthesis in the mouth of the patient occurs gag reflex. The patient is recommended to put the denture in a glass vessel, pour 300 ml of warm boiled water at a temperature of 30°With, in the same vessel to pour 300 ml of water at a temperature of 30°C. it dissolve 33 g of sodium chloride. The patient rinses the mouth with a saturated solution of salt for 22 minutes Then stand 12 min and wears dentures. When this gag reflex is poorly defined. The patient is recommended to do a procedure to reduce gagging twice, after which the donning of the prosthesis passed without complications. Further wear dentures also passed without complications.

Conducted correction gagging according to the claimed method in 54 patients. In all cases, the gag reflex was docked without the use of complementary therapies. Follow-up observation confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed method of correction of gagging.

Sources of information

1. Frolkis AV, Bisyarina VP Vomiting. Bed, 3rd ed. M., 1984, Vol.2, pp.28-29.

2. Koltzov NI Dentistry, 1972, t No. 5, 92-9.

The correction method gag reflex when the prosthesis by introducing into the oral cavity of substances that affect the receptor apparatus, characterized in that the active substance applied 10-12%salt solution at a temperature of 25-40°C for 20-25 min, then after 10-15 min in the oral cavity of the denture is placed.



 

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