Method for transmitting classified information with desired priority

FIELD: transmission of information in the form of files over data transfer networks or in the form of data files stored in physically transportable data storage means.

SUBSTANCE: information in the form of data files is classified using unique data classification key for each data file; data-file transfer priority protocols are generated around priority matrix that has items formed by combinations of chosen criteria values specified for transmission. Each classified data file is assigned at least one priority protocol chosen among protocols generated around classification key for data file. This protocol specifies conditions chosen for data file transmission. Communication channels are chosen for transmission basing on priority protocol assigned to data file, information access being given in one of three modes.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of access and use by terminal information user.

24 cl, 4 dwg, 5 tbl

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to a method for transmitting information in the form of data files in data networks or in the form of data files stored on a physically transportable media storage. The data files contain the digitally encoded information, the proposed global information providers, and information offered in shared networks, including the Internet. While this information includes dynamic data, static data, static data, or a combination of these data. Static data, in turn, include, but are not limited to them, archival data, and static databases, films, musical recordings, texts and require their use by the end user, in principle, only a single transmission from a global provider of information to the end user. The transmission of information in the implementation of the method according to the invention takes place through open communication space, which covers private and public data networks, as well as the traditional postal system.

The level of technology

Much of the information offered by information providers associated with existing communication networks is the Wallpaper data want to transfer from the provider to the end user only once. Such data may be stored in the information providers or storage devices that allow you to scan at very high speed. As a consequence, the speed of reading using the respective interfaces can be easily adapted to the parameters of the data transmission channels with extremely wide band, even if such limit bandwidth for communication between the provider information and the end user is only available for short periods of time. This, in turn, allows you to avoid situations where information described type, i.e. containing large amounts of data, overriding the usual two-way data transmission network, through the use of communication networks that are optimized for one-way transmission, such as satellite or cable broadband networks.

From U.S. patent No. 6044405, belonging to the company Wam!Net Inc., there is a method implemented in a data network, whereby the data service, organized by the ISP can be passed to clients (users) or between spatially remote points of large blocks of data at high speed. In this publication, in particular, consider the expand method in accordance with which the document is transmitted from the sender to the primary node of the service network is geographically located closer to the sender than the receiver. At the same time attached to the document electronic invoice (invoice). Such invoice shall contain the criteria to uniquely identify documents and criteria that identify the characteristic attribute-dependent rates of transmission of the document to the user, and the price can't be determined until the transfer is complete. After that, the document is sent as a service network from the primary node to a secondary node that is geographically located closer to the recipient than to the sender, and then is transmitted from the secondary node to the recipient. The criteria that identify the characteristic attributes are used to determine the cost of transmission.

With the transfer process documents associated with the existing service network generator information specific to each document. This generator based on the received information generates information that is specific and unique for each document and includes the above-mentioned criteria to uniquely identify documents and criteria generated in response to the characteristic attribute associated with the price of the transfer document between the network nodes.

However, the uke is p U.S. patent No. 6044405 not explained, as information, which is not without difficulties may be transferred from provider of information to the end user on a shared network can be optimally transmitted in the field of open communication networks without creating undesirable load on the data transmission channels in this area. In addition, in this patent cannot find an explanation for the fact that on the basis of the classification information, transferable, it is possible to adapt the transmission in a manner that ensures complete satisfaction of the end user in terms of time and cost of transmission. The detection of such opportunities is one of the prerequisites of the present invention, as will be explained in further description.

In the context of this description, information providers should be treated as global providers of information, which in principle provide information to end users worldwide without any restrictions. In other words, this information is publicly available. Information that is stored by the provider of the information may consist of dynamic or static data. Under the dynamic data in the context of the invention will be understood the data that changes frequently or continuously, so that the amounts of such data are constantly changing. In contrast, with eticheskie data changes infrequently or remain unchanged. The data of these two types (static and dynamic) set the bounds of variability of the data. In a real situation, most of the data will fall between these two bounds. As an example, can be considered archival information, which includes books, movies, music, etc. and which is immutable, that is, the static data.

On the other hand, data such as the last weather forecast or the latest stock prices are changing rapidly and, therefore, are dynamic. Thus the variability of such data may change over time. However, weather forecasts or news can retain their value for more or less short time interval, and during this interval they can be considered as static, although in the longer term, they represent dynamic data. Dynamic data can become static, if they, for example, arranged in time sequence, which retain their value indefinitely. This is true for the dynamic data about single events, which are considered as historical data. Such data are transformed into static and retain its value without limitations lie in the no. Thus, the data in the short-term are dynamic, in another context can maintain their values without time constraints that represent static data.

It follows that the transferable information may contain static data or a mixture of all types of data, i.e. dynamic, static and quasi-static data. Information consisting of static data may contain large amounts of data than other data types, and therefore will require the greatest amount of resources in the case of transferring data from information providers to the end users. It follows that the transfer of this data type in bilateral data communication networks, and especially on shared networks such as the Internet, will require significant resources and create traffic problems. Called bilateral network at the same time should be used for such transmissions, which, in essence, should be considered as communication in real time, i.e. as the exchange of messages between the active operators in the network. Thus, it is desirable to provide the ability to transfer large amounts of data static information any other ways, instead of bilateral data transmission networks. This will help to release these with the ti to send messages and data in real time, in particular, dynamic data, the utility of which is limited in time, so they must be passed very quickly, without obstacles related to the state of the traffic.

Disclosure of inventions

Accordingly, the first task to be solved by the present invention is directed, is to create a method that will allow you to transfer your existing provider information, especially information in the form of essentially static data in accordance with a particular Protocol directly to one or more end users. It is advisable that if you have more than one end-user to transfer all users had the place almost simultaneously.

The second problem to be solved by the invention is that the same information was passed only once so that the access of the end user for information did not require new transmission of information each time the end user wants to have access to it.

The third objective is the simultaneous release of resources bilateral networks or shared networks so that they can more effectively implement bilateral transfer in real-time or transfer of dynamic data or data with a limited shelf life.

Next, the fourth is I task solved by the present invention, is to access the end user to the data for their use occurred instantly, or almost instantly, even in the case where the time during which occurred the transfer of data from the provider information to the end user, is relatively long.

Further, the fifth challenge is that of provider of information could automatically based on the data type and their values, especially in relation to data in a file format, to attribute to them the criteria specified priority. With this information, transferable by default in any case, must be transmitted in a predetermined mode.

The final, sixth goal of the invention is to offer end users the ability to prioritize transmission using specified or selected criteria. Due to this transfer can be optimized, for example with respect to its speed or value.

These problems are solved, with the achievement of other properties and assets, by creating a method in accordance with the present invention. This method is characterized by the fact that: generate classification information using a unique classification key with the containing a series of set of values of qualitative and quantitative classification criteria, in such a way that each data file is assigned a unique classification key generating protocols of priority for transmission of data files based on a matrix of priorities, containing elements formed by two or more values of the criteria specified in relation to the transfer, and the elements of the matrix specify a valid combination of values of the criteria attributed to each classified data file, at least one Protocol of priority selected among protocols, generated on the basis of the classification key for the data file, and defines the conditions under which they must be made to transfer a data file, select one or more channels for direct or indirect transmission data file from the global provider of information to one or more end users, based at least on the same Protocol priority assigned to the data file, the access information transmitted in the form of one or more data files, in one of the following modes:

(I) a data file or data files sent directly to the end user in accordance with a predefined Protocol priority or Protocol priority assigned to the data file for this transfer,

(II) the data file or files, the data is transferred by default and automatically at least one end user in accordance with a predefined Protocol priority

(III) a data file or data files transferred in accordance with a predefined Protocol priority or Protocol priority assigned to the data file for this transfer, and the transferred information is stored in physical proximity to the end user in the device mass memory on the local server that serves one or a limited number of end users, or at the appropriate mass storage device available to the end user, and available via a direct connection between the end user and a mass memory device.

In the process according to the invention it may be desirable to classify the key contained at least the following criteria: the type of information, its age, number of users and the relevance to users, and each criterion values corresponding to the ranked categories.

The priority matrix is preferably formed on the basis of at least two of the following criteria: a transmission mode, data rate, transmission cost and delay/urgency, each criterion values, matched with the existing ranked categories.

According to the invention it is also desirable that the Protocol priority was attributed to data file a global provider of information.

In this case, it is advisable that global provider of information pre-established Protocol priority for transmission by default. In the same context, the end user may be offered an overview of the protocols of priority assigned to the data file, so the choice of Protocol priority, according to which will be transferred to the specified data file is performed by the end user. Alternatively, a global provider of information to the end user is offered the choice of several protocols of priority for transmission of the data file to the end user, so that transmission is performed using the Protocol of priority selected by the end user, or by using the set of priorities.

According to the invention, the data files consisting of dynamic data is preferably transmitted in accordance with assigned to them by the Protocol priority on bilateral data networks, including two-way data transmission network using joint network resources. In contrast, data files, consisting of static data is transmitted in accordance with the Prip is between them Protocol priority through open communication space (open communication region) on data networks, optimized for one-way communication with high bandwidth. When this transfer is made as a single transmission with high transmission speed in batch mode with an aggregate average rate of transmission or continuously with a low transmission rate over a longer period of time. Alternatively, data files, consisting of static data may be transferred in accordance with assigned to them by the Protocol priority in one operation, by transferring information to a physically transportable data carrier, which is then physically transported to the end user.

In accordance with the first preferred embodiment of the method according to the invention to be accessed by the end user is in mode III, while the information delivered to a global provider of information on local servers and/or end users according to one of the following options:

(i) the information is transmitted from a global provider of information using existing device data on a physically transportable mass storage device in operation memory memory and then transmitted to the local server or the end user by physically transporting the transported mass memory is Lee

(ii) information transmitted from a global provider of information on the local server or the end user for data networks, optimized for one-way transmission with high bandwidth, for example, via satellite, terrestrial wireless broadband channels or broadband cable channels.

Under this variant of the method according to the invention, the transmission preferably is made at the request of the local server or end-user in accordance with the Protocol priority defined on the basis of criteria specified by the provider of the information or the end user, or by both of them. In addition, the Protocol priority fully or partially selected by default or fully or partially modified at each transfer. Instead, transfer to a local server or the end user may be performed automatically in accordance with the previously agreed subscription made by the end user. In this case, as previously agreed subscription may apply to one or more global provider of information and one or more end users.

In the second preferred embodiment of the method according to the invention, the access from the end-user OS is done in mode III. However, the information delivered to a global provider of information for one or more specific servers that are capable of storing large amounts of data. The information is then transmitted by a specialized server to a local server or an end user according to one of the following options:

(iii) information is transferred from the dedicated server using the existing device data on a physically transportable mass storage device in operation memory memory and then transmitted to the local server or the end user by physically transporting the transported mass memory or

(iv) the information is transmitted from the dedicated server on the local server or the end user for data networks, optimized for one-way transmission with high bandwidth, for example, via satellite, terrestrial wireless broadband channels or broadband cable channels.

In this embodiment, the transmission is also available on request to the local server or end-user in accordance with the Protocol priority defined on the basis of criteria specified by the provider of the information or the end user, or both, and Protocol prioritization completely settled or partially selected by default or fully or partially modified at each transfer. Alternatively, transfer to a local server or the end user may be performed automatically in accordance with the previously agreed subscription, which is performed by the end user and can be extended to one or more global provider of information and one or more end users.

In addition, in the case where the access from the end-user is in mode III, and the information stored on the local server to provide access to information may be appropriate to establish a direct link between the local server and the end user through specialized local broadband or randomly selected, preferably from the end-user, the connection between the local server and the end user.

The present invention also provides that the search in the array of the transferred information may be performed by the end user using the search engine and search index available on the local server or the end user. In this case, the search index may be generated as a global provider of information and a local server or a specialized server. If information is transferred to physically transport the dummy mass storage device, and search, and search index is preferably integrated in the specified transportable mass storage device.

In addition, in the framework of the method according to the invention, the search information may alternatively be performed using a search engine designed to search without prior indexing. If this information, as an alternative solution, is transferred to physically transported mass storage device, then this device is useful to integrate and appropriate search engine designed to search without prior indexing.

Brief description of drawings

Hereinafter the invention will be described in more detail in the examples of the preferred variants of its implementation and with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Figure 1 illustrates the first alternative information transfer according to the method according to the invention.

Figure 2 illustrates the second alternative information transfer according to the method according to the invention.

Figure 3 illustrates a third alternative information transfer according to the method according to the invention.

Figure 4 illustrates a fourth alternative information transfer according to the method according to the invention.

The implementation of the invention

Transferring information from a global provider end user is the motor is carried out using the Protocol of priority. The primary purpose of this Protocol is to optimize the transmission of information subject to the requirements of the provider of the information or the end user, or both. Protocol priority based on the criteria, which are determined based on either the type or properties of the information to be transferred, and additionally takes into account criteria related only to the nature of the transfer.

In the further description of the information transmitted will be referred to as files or data files. These concepts will cover the full named information arrays without specific guidance on file formats, for example, focused on storing or displaying data. In other words, the concept of "files" will be in the further description to cover the data streams provided that they represent all the information that is transferable. It should also be noted that this concept will be extended to information databases, all relevant information is exchanged. In addition, it should be clear that this concept in the context of the invention encompasses information arrays in the form of a relatively continuous sequence formed by the totality of small structural units, such as bytes or bits.

Transferable information, which in the future will be named the data file, the can is to be classified under the relevant criteria, as shown in table 1. In the first column of this table lists the categories used to split the values of the criteria. The criteria in columns a-D, are divided into four categories. Consequently, a number of different options, which can be classified the data file in accordance with table 1, is 32·43=576.

The categorization corresponds to the ranking of different criteria. This means that both quantitative and qualitative categories are arranged in sequence between the two extreme values.

Table 1
CategoryCriterion aCriterion BThe criterionCriterion GCriterion D
Information typeAgeVolumeThe number of usersThe relevance for the user
1Dynamic≤ 1 DN.Large>100High
2Static≤ 1 time.Average11-99Average
3KVA is istoricheskaya ≤ 1 month.Small2-10Low
4-≥ 1 month.-1Newpreteen.

The criteria in table 1 specifies the type of information, as dynamic, static and quasi-static. Criterion B characterizes the age of the data file, i.e. the time elapsed since the file was created or received. The criterion refers to the volume defined data, for example, in bytes. Criterion G determines the number of users, i.e. the number of end users who will receive this information or have requested it or in the form of a single request, or in accordance with any subscription or similar scheme. Criterion D indicates the relevance of the data to the user. The last criterion can be specified in advance; however, as a rule, it will be determined individually by the user in the framework of a transfer request or depending on the results of earlier subscription on a given data file. As an example, the data file can be considered as dynamic, with an age of 1 day or less, with small volume and receivable by the group from 2 to 10 users, and they all indicated its relevance as high. As a result, this data file class is officeready, [ABVD]and may be attributed to the Protocol priority, according to which his transfer from provider of information to the end user will be made accordingly, for example, with high speed and with high urgency. The appropriate Protocol based on the criteria listed in table 2. Given in this table, the criteria are split into categories based, to the extent possible, in a logical order.

Table 2
CategoryCriterion "a"Criterion "b"Criterion "b"The criterion "g"
 The transfer modeThe transfer rateTransmission costDelay/urgency
1A continuous streamHighLowNo/immediately
2BatchAverageAverage<1 h
3Continuous, small portionsLowHigh<1 day
4The protractor. media dataNewpreteen.Newpreteen.<1 weeks
5---Newpreteen.

In table 2 the first criterion "a" determines the form (mode) of the transmission, the second criterion "b" is the transmission rate, the third criterion in its value, and the fourth criterion "g" - delay/urgency of transmission. In this table, the criteria are divided into 5 categories, as seen from the first column. Thus the criterion "a" may, for example, be provided that the data is transmitted in a continuous stream divided into packets, quasi-continuous, i.e. divided into relatively small portions. Finally, they can be transmitted by physical transport of media data, as will be described later.

Criterion "b" may include high, medium, low, or undetermined speed, and the criterion "b", respectively low, medium, high and uncertain cost of transmission or her absence. In the latter case, the data transfer does not have any value for the provider or user. The final criterion "g" specifies the urgency, i.e. the delay between the request or the decision to transfer. In accordance with this criterion, the data file can be transferred immediately or within a period of one hour, one day, one week, or perhaps with an indefinite maturity. In accordance with the criteria is mi, in table 2, taking into account the prescribed number of categories, for transmission of the data file can be used 400 different variants of the Protocol priority.

In the above case, when the data file was classified as [ABVD], it seems natural to specify the shape of the transfer, as A1 or A2, the data rate, as B1, i.e. how high the cost of transmission, as B4, i.e. as uncertain (in other words, this cost will not play any role) and, finally, urgency, as G1. The latter choice means that the transfer will be made immediately. This choice seems to be desirable with respect to dynamic information, especially with small life, and to the case of relevance to the user is defined as high. Thus, the data file will be assigned to the Protocol priority [AVG], unless the end user does not wish to modify this Protocol. In any case, it seems practical to the data file of the type described was automatically assigned the default Protocol, if it is to be delivered to a large number of users.

Regarding the mode of transmission (criterion "a"), then, as can be seen from table 2, it can be one of four different categories. The value of A1 criterion Osnach the em what transmission is in the form of a continuous stream of data, i.e. the data file is transmitted in unfragmented form. The value of A2 corresponds to the transmission of a fragmented file, in the form of packages, and the packages have a minimum size, but can be of variable size. This option allows the use of available transmission capacities, for example, time Windows, which appear in the broadband channels. Further, the transmission mode may be classified as A3; in this case, the transfer will occur continuously, but with low performance, without specifying the minimum amount of information that can be transmitted without interruption. The minimum amount may be as small as 1 byte or bit, i.e. it will be operated free capacity available in channels with low bandwidth or low speed data transfer.

Some criteria are given in tables 1 and 2, have a high-quality gradations. These include, for example, the criterion corresponding to the amount of data, the criterion of "b"corresponding to the transmission speed, and the criterion "b"corresponding to its value. However, it may be more convenient to use in such cases, quantitative categories. For example, the criterion may be defined as the amount of data, expressed in bytes; the criterion "b" as the transmission speed, by measuring the may in bytes/s, and the criterion of "in" as value, measured in dollars. USA/bytes. In practice, this approach would be preferable, and the person skilled in the art should understand how to apply it. Similarly, it should be clear that the number of categories used in different situations, could be much bigger, but not be limited to three or five, as is done in tables.

Finally, there is the possibility to transfer data files through the physical transport media. This means that the provider of information transfers data on a physically transportable storage device, in practice, represents a mass storage device (a storage device of large capacity) in transmission mode "memory to memory". Then this storage device is physically transported, for example, regular or courier mail to the local server associated with the one or more end users, and directly to the end user. This option corresponds to the value of the criterion A4. In each case, physically transportable mass storage device can be installed on a specific device data available to the recipient for the implementation of data access and download them.

It is clear that if such a physically transportable storage device has a very bol is Shui capacity, this advantage may outweigh the fact that transportation of the memory by mail or courier can take from one to several days. For example, in a similar way during the week can be sent and accepted data file in the order of 1 TB, which will correspond to the rate of transmission is about 1.6 MB/s, which exceeds the existing capacity of most so-called broadband transmission line that users currently. In the situation when the valid term of the transfer exceeds the week or is uncertain, which may be applied to the information type A2 (static), and data have long expiry period (which may be for movies, books, and archival information of various types), described the physical transport of media data may actually be the best solution. This is because transmission costs in this case will be completely independent from the volume data.

If the transmission of the data file must be made electronically and through an open communication space, this means that transmission will be available a large number of communication routes, i.e. communication networks, data networks). These data networks usually have a specific network operator, which is the basis of systematic monitoring of traffic will be able to offer information providers on certain conditions, the capacity for data transmission. In other words, the Protocol priority can also be modified by the provider based on the information about the networks and capacities obtained from a real network operator. Regardless of this, the provider of information or responsible for the transmission of information should assess whether the values are the criteria that define the conditions of the transfer, are mutually compatible. This problem can occur when using a matrix of priorities, which, at least, is two-dimensional, and in relation to the criteria listed in table 2, can have a dimension of up to 4.

Now will be described an example of how using a matrix of priorities, based on the criteria "a" (transmission mode) and b (baud rate)can be set Protocol priority. This example is presented in table 3, which corresponds to a two-dimensional matrix mode and the baud rate.

Table 3
 B1B2B3B4
A11100
A20110
A30011
A41001

A valid combination is marked as 1, and invalid - 0. You can see that a continuous flow allows the use of high or medium speed transmission, while the transmission of small portions allows you to work only with low or uncertain data rates, i.e. the only possible combination AB or AB. A paradoxical situation with the physical transport of media data is seen from the fact that possible as a combination AB (corresponding to the high speed transfer), and the combination AB, indicating that the data transmission speed can be completely uncertain. Although table 3 corresponds to the matrix size 4× 4, can be implemented only half of the possible combinations. This fact can be used to extend the two-dimensional matrix of priorities to three-dimensional, for example, due to the additional criteria of "b" (cost of transfer) or criterion "d" (delay/urgency). Relevant examples are given in tables 4 and 5.

Table 4
 B1B2B3B4B5
AB001 00
AB01100
AB01100
AB11000
AB10011
AB10011
AB10000
AB10001

Presented in table 4 combinations of criteria "a" (transmission mode), b (baud rate) and "b" (cost of transfer)essentially correspond to the three-dimensional matrix, in which each of these criteria determines one dimension. When building tables 4 used only 8 possible combinations of the 16 possible combinations, shown in table 3. In combination with the criterion of "in"with 5 levels, they form 40 possible combinations, however, only 16 of them have been identified as valid. It follows that the number of protocols of priority, based on the criteria "a", "b" and "C"is limited to 16. the C matrix of priorities, presented in table 4 can be, for example, to see that priority B1 criterion transfer costs, it is impossible to combine with the desire for high speed data transmission, i.e. with a value of B1, except when the transfer mode is selected to transport the data carrier. In other words, in this case, the Protocol priority will meet [ABV]. Hardly unexpected that the transfer mode packet or continuous flow with speeds from high to medium leads to high costs of transmission, i.e. in these cases is only possible protocols priority [ABV], [ABB], [ABB], [ABB] or [ABV]. If the goal is to optimize the transmission mode and data rate in combination with low cost, you might prefer protocols [ABB] or [ABV].

Presented in table 4 protocols of priority, based on a three-dimensional set of criteria "a", "b" and "C", of course, can be attributed to default to different types of data files shown in table 1. Alternatively, they can automatically be set by the provider of the information or modified, for example, the end user in the context of the query or subscription to the transmission. However, it should also be noted that on the basis of information received from the network operator, the time from time to time it may be possible to modify the priority matrix. This modification should be conducted in such a way that the protocols of priority, which are usually not applicable, can be temporarily available, for example, in connection with additional resources transfer, available for a limited time, or with special offers from network operators.

Table 5
 G1G2G3G4G5
AB11000
AB01100
AB01100
AB00110
AB00011
AB00001
AB00011
AB00001

Table 5 presents the priority matrix is t for criteria "a", "b" and "g". It contains 40 possible combinations; however, in practice, only 14 of the values of these criteria, presented in a three-dimensional matrix, are considered useful. For example, if the urgency (qualifying criterion "g") corresponds to category 1, i.e. the transfer must occur immediately, such transfer may be effected only in continuous mode with high speed data transfer. If the matrix of table 4 to be combined with the matrix of table 5 in the four-dimensional matrix can be seen that such transmission is possible only at a high value, i.e. according to the Protocol [ABG]. This Protocol, for example, may be by default assigned to the data file, which is classified as [ABVD], i.e. the data file containing the dynamic data age less than 1 day in a small amount of data, which has only one user, the relevance of which is high. Thus, by using the above Protocol, the priority of the type of file to be transferred in a continuous mode, high speed, high cost and high urgency, i.e. instantly.

The data file classified as [ABVD], on the contrary, by default, can be attributed to the Protocol priority, in which the criterion value "b" (cost of transfer) is set as low, and SRO is ness - within one week. This choice corresponds to the value of G4 criterion delay/term (up to one week). From table 5 it is seen that this value can be combined with AB, AB or AB. In this case, as can be seen from table 4, this choice is compatible with low transfer costs. Thus, in this case, the transfer may occur protocols priority [AVG], [AVG] or [ABG]. In other words, high speed at low cost can be combined only with the physical transport of media data. Therefore, the Protocol priority should be [ABG]. This default Protocol can be assigned to the data file classified as [ABVD], i.e. the file with static data, with age 1 year or more, having a large amount, when the number of users from 11 to 99 and with uncertain relevance to users.

Protocol priority in which the values of all four criteria must be a valid, can be formed on the basis of a four-dimensional matrix of priorities, taking into account criteria "a", "b", "C" and "g". Such a matrix can be obtained, for example, by combining 16 valid protocols from table 4 with 5 categories, which characterize the criterion "d" (delay/urgency). The result is 80 for the x Protocol priority. Of course, not all of them will be valid and applicable for the transfer. For professionals in this field should be obvious how you can form a valid protocols priority, using a four-dimensional matrix of priorities, constructed using all criteria "a", "b", "C" and "g". So there is no need to consider this issue in more detail.

As for ascribing the optimal Protocol prioritization of specific classified file, the categories of the transmission criteria can be assigned weights that are assigned, for example, the provider of the information or the end user. This procedure introduces a quantitative assessment of the desired priority, creating a different ranking of priorities. The ratio of weight in relation to acceptable protocols priority makes possible comparison of the relevant protocols of priority in order to ensure optimal transfer of data files. Procedures of this type should be well known to experts in this field and therefore does not need further discussion.

Of course, there is the possibility to assign protocols priority for the set of classification files, so that they can be without the use of any and what's procedures transmitted using a shared network resource, for example, over the Internet. However, the basic problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide transfer without such resources, when any provider of information or the end user, in principle, have no ability to affect the transfer. In addition, the transmission through such a network of large files, for example, contain static information, in reality, is not the optimal solution; moreover, this solution is not always possible to practically implement. For this reason, the starting point for the present invention is that the transmission of data files must occur via the communication channels existing in open communication space, which is available free choice of networks and transmission facilities, for example, on a subscription basis, or more or less permanent offers from network operators. Based on the available information about available resources for transmission of information in the field of open communication networks can be developed valid protocols priority that optimize the transmission of data in accordance with the criteria specified by the provider of information or selected by the end user. At the same time is the requirement that the transfer was made in a way that does not create excessive load on the communication the district network, ie does not prevent normal schedule, such as messaging.

Figure 1 shows alternative channels 1, 2, 3 data in the field (space) In open communication networks. Data communication data channels can be used to transfer information from a global provider 4 information to end users 5. Global provider 4 information may be in the area And corresponding shared networks such as the Internet (joint network - region SS). In this regard, in the future, as specified region of the SS will be on the Internet. Global provider 4 information can therefore be considered further, as a conventional network server or as a combination of a network server and mediation server (proxy server) in the areas A (the Internet) and In (open networks), respectively.

Channels 1, 2, 3 data in the field In may, for example, be a data network, which, in contrast to networks of data transmission, which transmits information in the Internet, do not use TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol is the transmission control Protocol/Internet Protocol). This means that operators in the field of open communication networks, including information providers, proxy servers or end Paul is ovately are free to choose network connection, usually the network operator offers the choice of a specific network connections. Thus, in figure 1, among other connection options shown one-way broadband channels 1, which, for example, can represent different ways satellite or broadband cable systems, and perhaps also by the terrestrial wireless communication system. Also shown is the channel 2 in the form of bilateral telecommunication lines 2, which should be considered as conventional telecommunications network, mainly providing various forms of message traffic, but is also available for data transfer.

Of course, there are no obstacles to such bilateral telecommunication line 2 could be broadband. However, since, in principle, to them there is free access for all operators in the field In open networks, each of these lines contains multiple channels, which in the case of normal telecommunication activity will be busy most of the time and, in addition, have limited bandwidth. One-way broadband channels, in contrast, allow the transmission of large amounts of data in a short time. This is confirmed by the fact that they are usually used for transmission of television information and video information, for which the need is much greater width of the strip, than simple voice and text messages. The presence of channels 1, 2 data in open networks allows global provider 4 information, ie. in this case the proxy server located in the area, to deliver information to end users 5 according to the Protocol priority data channel selected in accordance with the Protocol priority. Of course, this Protocol in any case should not be regarded as identical communication Protocol that is specific for each transmission in the selected network.

Because there are regional and diurnal fluctuations in the degree of loading of the data network, these oscillations can be, on the basis of information received from the operators of the networks used, for example, a global provider of information to transmit data to the end user with optimized speed and cost. In those cases, when information is transferred automatically and by default one or more end users, for example, by subscription, the transmission of information will typically be done through a data network. Thus, depending on the data type, i.e. whether the data is dynamic, quasi-static or static, and depending on their polezno and transfer of these data to end users will in any case be carried out in an optimal way. It should also take into consideration the size of the files being transferred.

Alternatively, the transmission of information via the data network in the field In open networks, it can be physically transported through the corresponding channel 3, remaining on the storage medium (storage device), a specially formed for this purpose. In this case, a global provider 4 information to be able to migrate the information offered on your proxy server by direct operation memory memory physically transported media (e.g., mass storage device), and then physically delivering the media to the end user in any convenient way, including regular postal service, courier or similar service. Paradoxically, the transmission rate in such cases, provided that the medium has a sufficiently large capacity and contains a large amount of data can be high compared with the speed of transmission in conventional communication networks in the region C. Therefore, the physical transport of media data to the end user 5 can be an effective method of conveying information (including in relation to cost), provided that the data have a virtually unlimited life. For example, a storage medium (storage device) which may have a capacity of 1 Tbit and delivered by courier on a global provider of information to the end user within two days. This corresponds to a data rate of about 1012bit/1,75· 105with, i.e. at least 5· 106bit/s This speed is equivalent to the load of two to three channels with a bandwidth of 2 Mbit/s during the period of the same duration and at a much higher transfer costs than in the case of delivery by courier.

As shown in figure 1, end-users 5 can also be operators in the field And corresponding Internet, and Internet users. Consequently, end-users or providers of information have the ability to set the Protocol priority that is based on the data type. So, in a situation when the information consists of dynamic data with a short shelf life, and the file size is reasonable, such information shall be through the Internet using as a transport Protocol HTTP (hypertext transport Protocol). In this case, the WEB server global provider 4 information and the end user 5 will connect via the Internet and information will be made available to the end user from the provider 6 Internet service providers (ISPS).

Figure 2 presents the alternative of transferring information between global providers 4 information and end users 5. In the profile is from a variant of figure 1, here in the field In open networks provides dedicated communication server 7, which may also correspond to the communication node. Many global providers 4 information attached via their proxy servers to specialized communication server 7 to transfer stored information in accordance with the existing demand. Information transfer can occur by one-way broadband channels 1 or bilateral telecommunication lines 2 depending on the types of information and the timing of its suitability. As before, the WEB server global provider 4 information can also deliver data to end users 5 via the Internet. However, in the present embodiment implements the following advantage: a global information providers that offer static information of the same type, such as movies and music, can coordinate their proposals. As a result the end user 5 can request and receive certain kinds of information regardless of where the original source of this information or the place from which it was originally proposed.

Another advantage is that, since the transfer of information from the provider 4 in specialized communication serv the R 7 does not depend on end-user requests, it may occur more or less continuously, as the generation of information. As a consequence, for such transfer, in principle, does not require a broadband channel; instead it can be used channels provided by bilateral telecommunication lines. The data coming from the sources of information may be stored in respective storage devices on a dedicated communication server 7, so that they can be made available for searching by end users 5 for subsequent download by the user. Search the specified type may, for example, be performed by the end user using the search indexes and search engines that are available in the Internet. Thus, although it is not shown in figure 2, it is assumed that a dedicated communication server 7 in the region And corresponding to the Internet, you may have a WEB server with a system (machine) and search index.

Because more or less continuous transmission of information of the specified type from global providers 4 information implies a collective update information in a specialized communication server 7, it is desirable in the interests of implementation of information retrieval, to specialized communities is kazionny server had the opportunity of continuous indexing. In this case, the search and retrieval of information available on the dedicated communication server, it is possible at any time.

Similarly to the previous example, dedicated communication server 7 when transferring data to the end user 5 automatically and by default uses the protocols of priority. While the end user 5 may be offered the opportunity to modify the Protocol priority as desired, for example, based on estimates of the cost of transmission or relevance to the user. Of course, a dedicated communication server 7 can serve one or a group of end-users on a subscription basis. In this case, the transmission of information is performed using the Protocol priority by default. As an alternative method of transmission can also implement the transfer of information in specialized communication server 7 through the direct operation "memory-memory", and then physically transported media data to the end user through the corresponding channel, 3 transportation, for example, by mail or by courier.

In principle there is no obstacle to available on the dedicated communication server 7 information over the Internet. Oncopolicy choices have to be made with regard to bandwidth and transmission speeds within the Internet and type information, which is most natural to upload to a dedicated communication server 7 and which corresponds to the static and historical data with an unlimited shelf life, i.e. these information sources, such as movies, music, large text books or large databases of different types. It follows that the transmission over the Internet will likely be perceived to have less favorable in terms of speed and cost of transfer.

Figure 3 presents a third alternative channels of information transmission from global providers 4 information to end users 5. As before, the global providers 4 can have a WEB server in domain a, the Internet, and also not shown in figure 3 proxy server for the transmission of information through communication channels in the field In open networks. The advantage of this variant lies in the fact that the information which is transmitted through the region, is stored in physical proximity to end users 5. So they can get access to it almost instantly by creating a direct connection between the end user and a mass memory device, which stores the transmitted information, for example, in the form of data with long-term or lifetime fitness. This information primarily include details is rmatio in the form of static data including information sources of various types, including movies, music, texts, books, etc. and a large database.

In the present embodiment, there are one or more local servers 8, which receive the transmitted information from one or more providers 4 or broadband channels 1 or bilateral telecommunication lines 2 using protocols priority assigned to the information-transferable. As in the previous embodiments, the information available at the global carrier 4 can be moved by operation memory memory data carrier, for example, the transported mass storage device, with subsequent delivery to the local server on channels 3 transportation, such as postal or courier services, etc. Such mass memory may themselves present device based on the mass memory available on the local server 8. Alternatively, the information delivered in this way on the local server 8, and then transferred to constant mass memory device provided on the local server 8. Thus it should be clear that the device mass memory may be made extensible in order to provide sufficient memory capacity.

When the transfer of information and on local servers 8 attribution protocols prioritization can be done automatically, moreover, for some types of transmitted information this attribution can be performed by default. In this embodiment, the attribution protocols prioritization may be performed by the same rules all global providers 4 information. In principle, the end user 5 will be able to request through the local server 8 a modified Protocol priority; however, under normal conditions, the transmission modes will be such that this requirement is unlikely to be relevant.

For example, if the static information from global providers 4 is transmitted to the local server 8 is continuous, it must be continuous updating of stored information. This mode corresponds to the continuous data transmission on a dedicated communication server 7 are shown in figure 2. Transmission capacities in relation to unilateral broadband channels 1 and possibly bilateral telecommunication lines 2, will always be limited in the calculation of the one-time transfer of information, because the static information will have an unlimited life. At the same time, as described above, the transmission may be carried out in continuous mode. Thanks transmit power available to the data network may be to optimize iravani in terms of speed and cost of transmission, for example, on the basis of information received from the network operators.

Each local server 8 is connected at least one end user 5. In other words, the local server 8, even in the case of maximum load, serves only a limited group of end-users 5, the restriction applies not only to the number of users, but also on their spatial position. So, in a typical case, the local server 8 extending from one to several hundred or several thousand end users 5 in a zone that does not exceed a few square kilometers, that is, the part of the city, quarter, or an individual building. Therefore, this restriction enables communication between the local server 8 and the end user on a regular basis with specialized local broadband network. Such a network can be implemented, for example using fiber optic or coaxial cables. Alternatively, the connection between the local server 8 and the end user 5 can be implemented through the existing cable network, for example, a cable network or a shared network power. In addition, the connection between the local server 8 and the end user 5 can be carried out through randomly selected Lin and transmission, preferably through the transmission line selected by the end user according to his requirements.

When sufficient bandwidth constant broadband network 9 to the end user 5 is technically possible and affordable to boot, all information available on the local server 8, the mass storage device available to the user, and direct access to this information. Access to information may also be made by downloading it from the local server 8 on request or in accordance with local subscription agreement. Obviously, considered irregular local use of information will have no impact on the optimization of information transmission from global providers 4 on the local server 8 in the open field, because this transfer of information can occur completely independently of anything, in addition to the permanent needs of end users.

As before, end users 5 as Internet users are connected to the field And that includes the Internet. Therefore, the Internet can be used, for example, through ISPS 6, as shown in figure 3. However, there are no obstacles to the local server 8 could build either l is local ISPS, either the WEB server and, as a consequence, be used attached end-users to implement simple access to the Internet. Although this feature is not illustrated in figure 3, for specialists in the relevant field of technology should be understood that the connection of this type can be implemented.

Figure 4 shows how it can be implemented in a fourth variant communication channels between global providers 4 information and end users 5. This option combines the features of the options presented in figure 2 and 3. As in the embodiment of figure 2, a dedicated communication server or node 7 is supplied, preferably continuously, static information from global providers 4 information on one-way broadband channels 1 or bilateral telecommunication lines 2 through nesobrannyj proxy server in the open field Century. This supply of information occurs with optimal bandwidth utilization and optimal transmission speeds, because the Protocol is attributed, as in the previous cases, by default, takes into account the type of information and is shared by more than one provider 4 information.

In addition, figure 4, as an alternative, also shows the use of the channel 3 physical transport is transported by the media data from a global provider 4 information on the information server 8. However, it can be assumed that this alternative will not be used too often, as information from the dedicated communication server 7 can be transmitted to end users 5 or stored in the vicinity of them. One or more end users 5 connected to the corresponding local server 8, for example, through specialized broadband network 9 or other local communication channels, where the connection between the local server and the end user can also be set by the end user. Thus, the transferred static information is directly available to the end user 5, connected to the local server, or (as described earlier) by downloading the information to the appropriate mass storage device the end user 5 and the storage of this information from the user for access.

In addition, in this embodiment, a specialized communication server 7 or the local server 8 can connect to the Internet and to function as WEB servers, possibly as providers of information in the Internet, although it is not shown in figure 4. In this case, it should be clear that these servers must have an interface with the region And enabling the th in Internet and that in this case, the communication must be through the specified area A. However, under normal circumstances, such communication will be limited, for example, messages sent by e-mail, messaging or transferring small files, which preferably can contain dynamic data with a short life.

If information transfer is not based on any form of subscription, usually between the end user and provider of information will be some message traffic. Such traffic may, in particular, to enable the transfer requests and payment instructions. In addition, existing end user can select or modify the protocols of priority may cause the exchange of messages between the provider information and the end user. In most situations such message traffic associated with the transmission of information, even in extreme cases, to have a capacity that does not exceed a few hundred bytes or, in extreme cases, a few kilobytes, i.e. will not require any significant resources. In this regard, such traffic can be carried out by conventional telecommunication network that uses bilateral telecommunication lines with relatively low bandwidth, such as the er, through the telephone network and, even more effectively, over the Internet.

It should be noted that access under mode III, providing local storage in physical proximity to the end user 5 may be implemented in any of the options presented on Fig.1-4. Naturally, the implementation of this mode is the willingness of modern technology to ensure the appropriate mass memory, which can be physically transported and installed, for example, on local servers 8 or devices data available to end users. However, such devices must have sufficient capacity to store them large amounts of static information, including data files, which contain not only the individual works in the form of movies, music or texts, but their collection, for example, a library that includes hundreds, maybe even thousands, of movies, music or books. In cases where static data is allowed, it is understood, of course, that appropriate methods are used to compress the information so that static data that has been transmitted and stored appropriately compressed by means of commercially available compression methods. Such methods are usually based on the relevant mill is artah, such as MPEG for video and film images, JPEG for still images or MP3 for data files containing musical recordings, and MP4 for both audio and video. In addition, these methods can be based on the methods from the private property and is only available commercially. As an example, you can call the method offered by the company Fast Search &Transfer ASA to compress video files and providing compression of the film lasting a few hours in a standard video format with a compression ratio of 300, i.e. until the file size of 5 GB.

However, it is necessary to note that, although the mass memory of the type described may be particularly effective to translate the properties of the invention, by themselves they do not form part of the present invention. However, their characteristics in terms of capacity and performance can be easily installed by specialists in this field. Thus it should be clear that it is not enough to only provide a large capacity for storing data; such mass memory must also ensure that the operations addressing at high speed with high capacity. In this regard, well-known mass memory, such as an optical disk (CD-ROM), magnetic disk have obvious limitations, in particular, who compared the settings, for example, the speed of reading from the memory and bandwidth instantly available in case of interference with the broadband data networks.

So, CD-ROM, memory usually is 650 MB, can be read at maximum speed for about 4 minutes, i.e. at speeds slightly less than 3 MB/s

If the transmission of static information is available on request from the end user and it seems desirable that the optimal way to use instantaneous bandwidth, for example, one-way broadband, it may be appropriate to use the Unallocated time slots (time slots) in a broadband channel, which offers transmission speeds of the order of several hundreds of Mbps or even higher (this speed is possible, for example, in fiber-optic lines or satellite channels, operating at frequencies of the order of gigahertz).

Thus, in order to effectively implement the method according to the invention with respect to the use of the device mass memory, it is necessary that these devices were not only physically transported and can store large amounts of information, but also suitable for addressing the purpose of reading, and preferably for recording so that the input and output data the C could be produced at speeds up to 1 GHz or higher. Hence, currently available on the market of optical or magnetic addressable device mass memory is not very effective for the implementation of the present invention.

However, at present the company Thin Film Electronics ASA developed a new technology that allows you to create mass memory with electrical addressing, having a size and shape similar to a regular credit card or a standard PCMCIA card with the ability to store data of several GB and even more 1TB at speeds addressing modes recording and reading of the order of 1 Gbit/s and more. Read and write data in such devices the mass memory using strip electrodes, which correspond to control lines and data lines. The storage material in these devices is made between the control lines and data lines arranged so that they form an orthogonal matrix, the bits of which are localized in areas of crossing electrodes of the matrix.

Data storage devices are implemented based on organic thin films, which allows to produce these devices at very low cost, regardless of their capacity. As a consequence, these devices represent a product commercially available to any who ecnomy user. Performance addressing, of course, will depend on allowable expenses. However, this factor will not have a significant value, since the prior art already known to trunk interfaces that provide a clock frequency of 1 GHz and above. The read speed in this case will correspond to 1 bits in each cycle, and it can be doubled by using the front or rear edge of the pulse. If when reading an analog encoding, so that the sequences are presented in the form of steps on the front or back front, the speed of recording and reading can be further increased by several times. This means that with proper timing, you can easily read data words when the word length corresponding to all bit the points on the control line. By using the appropriate multiplexing, perhaps even parallel reading a few control words.

In any of the technology options described type that uses the USB mass memory based on the technology of thin organic films with electrical addressing without the use of active components, creates the ability to store data in very large volumes and makes these data available for transmission there is existing data network with access to end-users in accordance with the method of the present invention. In this implementation of the invention may be optimal for all operators to achieve maximum throughput while minimizing transfer costs and without overloading the existing communication resources. The result will not be any difficulties for the normal modes of transmission of dynamic data and normal bilateral telecommunications traffic.

1. The method of transmitting information in the form of data files in data networks or in the form of data files stored on a physically transportable tools, data storage, and data files contain the digitally encoded information, the proposed global information providers, and information offered in shared networks, including the Internet, and this information includes dynamic data, static data, static data, or a combination of these data, while static data include, but are not limited to them, archival data, and static databases, films, musical recordings, texts and demand for their use by the end user, in principle, only a single transmission from a global provider of information to the end user, with this transfer of information occurs is via an open communication space, it covers private and public data networks, as well as the traditional postal system, characterized in that the produced classification information using a unique classification key that contains the set of values of qualitative and quantitative classification criteria, so that each data file is assigned a unique classification key generating protocols of priority for transmission of data files based on a matrix of priorities, containing elements formed by two or more values of the criteria specified in relation to the transfer, and the elements of the matrix specify a valid combination of values of the criteria attributed to each classified data file, at least one Protocol of priority selected among the protocols generated on the basis of the classification key for the data file, and defines the conditions under which they must be made to transfer a data file, select one or more channels for direct or indirect transmission of file data from the global provider of information to one or more end users, based at least on the same Protocol priority assigned to the data file, the access information transmitted in the form of one or more files Dan is s, in one of the following modes: (I) a data file or data files sent directly to the end user in accordance with a predefined Protocol priority or Protocol priority assigned to the data file in relation to the transfer, (II) a data file or data files sent by default, and automatically, at least one end user in accordance with a predefined Protocol priority, (III) a data file or data files transferred in accordance with a predefined Protocol priority or Protocol priority assigned to the data file in relation to the transfer, the transferred information is stored in physical proximity from the end user in the device mass memory on the local server that serves one or a limited number of end users, or at the appropriate mass storage device available to the end user, and available via a direct connection between the end user and a mass memory device.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein classifying the key contains at least the following criteria: the type of information, its age, number of users and the relevance to users, and each criterion values corresponding to the ranked categories.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the priority matrix form on the basis of at least two of the following criteria: a transmission mode, data rate, transmission cost and delay/urgency, each criterion values corresponding to the ranked categories.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the Protocol priority assigned to the data file global provider of information.

5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that global provider of information in advance sets the Protocol priority to transmit by default.

6. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that a global provider of information to the end user is prompted to review protocols priority assigned to the data file, and select the Protocol priority, according to which will be transferred to the specified data file is performed by the end user.

7. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that a global provider of information to the end user is offered the choice of several protocols of priority for transmission of the data file to the end user, and transmission is performed using the Protocol of priority selected by the end user, or by using the set of priorities.

8. The method according to claim 1, otlichayushiesya, what data files, consisting of dynamic data transfer in accordance with assigned to them by the Protocol priority on bilateral data networks, including two-way data transmission network using joint network resources.

9. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the data files consisting of static data is passed in accordance with assigned to them by the Protocol priority through open communication space for data networks, optimized for one-way communication with high bandwidth, and transmission is performed as a single transmission with high transmission speed in batch mode with an aggregate average rate of transmission or continuously with a low transmission rate over a longer period of time.

10. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the data files consisting of static data is passed in accordance with assigned to them by the Protocol priority in one operation, by transferring information to a physically transportable data carrier, which is then physically transported to the end user.

11. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the access from the end-user is in mode III, and information delivered to a global provider of information to the local server and/or end users according to one of the following: (i) the information is transmitted from a global provider of information using existing data processing units for physically transported the mass memory device in the operation memory memory and then transmitted to the local server or the end user by physically transporting the transported mass memory or (ii) the information is transmitted from a global provider of information on the local server or the end user for data networks, optimized for one-way transmission with high bandwidth, for example, via satellite, terrestrial wireless broadband channels or broadband cable channels.

12. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that the transfer is made at the request of the local server or end-user in accordance with the Protocol priority defined on the basis of criteria specified by the service provider or end user, or both, with Protocol priority fully or partially selected by default or fully or partially modified at each transfer.

13. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that the transfer to the local server or the end user is performed automatically in accordance with the previously agreed subscription made by the end user.

14. The method according to item 13, wherein the pre-agreed subscription applies to one who does more global provider of information and one or more end users.

15. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the access from the end-user is in mode III, and information delivered to a global provider of information for one or more specific servers that are capable of storing large amounts of data, with subsequent transfer of specialized information server on the local server or the end user according to one of the following: (iii) information is transferred from the dedicated server using the existing device data on a physically transportable mass storage device in operation memory memory and then transmitted to the local server or the end user by physically transporting the transported mass device memory or (iv) the information is transmitted from the dedicated server on the local server or the end user for data networks, optimized for one-way transmission with high bandwidth, for example, via satellite, terrestrial wireless broadband channels or broadband cable channels.

16. The method according to item 15, characterized in that the transfer is made at the request of the local server or end-user in accordance with the Protocol priority defined on the basis of Crete is Jew, specified by the provider or end user, or both, with Protocol priority fully or partially selected by default or fully or partially modified at each transfer.

17. The method according to item 15, wherein the transmission on the local server or the end user is performed automatically in accordance with the previously agreed subscription made by the end user.

18. The method according to 17, wherein the pre-agreed subscription covers one or more global provider of information and one or more end users.

19. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the access from the end-user is in mode III, and the information stored on the local server, and to provide access to information, a direct link is established between the local server and the end user through specialized local broadband or randomly selected, preferably from the end-user, the connection between the local server and the end user.

20. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the search in the array passed to the information produced by the end user using the search engine and search index available is camping on the local server or the end user.

21. The method according to claim 20, wherein the search index is generated global provider of information, or a local server, or a specialized server.

22. The method according to claim 20, characterized in that information is transferred on a physically transportable mass storage device, in which integrated search engine and search index.

23. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the search for information is made by the end user using a search engine designed to search without prior indexing.

24. The method according to item 23, wherein the information is carried on a physically transportable mass storage device, in which integrated search engine designed to search without prior indexing.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: telecommunications; construction of burst-switching distributed communication systems (networks).

SUBSTANCE: proposed burst-switching distributed communication system meeting all advanced requirements to data transmission and designed for use in megapolises and in densely populated regions (cities) has junction stations disposed at locations of most densely crowded subscriber terminals; each junction station is connected to at least four adjacent junction stations via fiber-optic lines forming network architecture in the form of reference grid; each junction station has transceiving junction point connected to fiber-optic lines and to channel-forming junction point; the latter is connected to direction switching junction point, information service switching junction point, and trunk-communication switching junction point, subscriber communication junction point being connected to these junction points and via subscriber lines, to subscriber terminals; direction switching junction point similar in design to information service switching junction point and to automatic trunk communication switching junction point has transit junction point connected to channel-forming junction point and to subscriber junction point; direction comparison unit connected to channel-forming junction point, subscriber junction point, and direction address memory unit; and also control unit connected to transit junction point, direction address memory unit, and comparison unit; junction stations disposed near mobile communications base stations have their channel-forming junction points connected by means of fiber-optic line to mobile communications base station; junction stations residing near trunk exchanges have their channel-forming junction points connected by means of fiber-optic lines to trunk exchanges, and junction stations disposed near information service rendering junction points have their channel-forming points connected by means of fiber-optic line to information service rendering junction point; junction stations residing near telephone exchanges have their channel-forming junction points connected via fiber-optic lines to telephone exchange; channel-forming junction point has at least three channel-forming units and transceiving junction point has at least three transceiving units, each being connected through at least four fiber-optic communication lines to junction stations adjacent with respect to reference grid.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness and reduced cost of broadband communication system due to its minimized proximity of subscriber terminals.

3 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to communication technology and can be used to send voice messages via the Internet

The invention relates to automatic reading of the meter, in particular to support communication electronic meters via TCP/IP

The invention relates to data transmission over terrestrial radio interface, namely, to a method and apparatus for formatting asynchronous and synchronous data in accordance with the General format, determining supercar, to allow selective transmission of asynchronous and synchronous data over terrestrial radio interface

The invention relates to the interconnection of communications networks, including the telephone means to the Internet

The invention relates to data transmission in a communication network, specifically to identify and determine the location of points of failure in a communication network

The invention relates to the field of telecommunication networks and can be used for designing digital network integrated services

The invention relates to wireless communication systems

FIELD: telecommunications; construction of burst-switching distributed communication systems (networks).

SUBSTANCE: proposed burst-switching distributed communication system meeting all advanced requirements to data transmission and designed for use in megapolises and in densely populated regions (cities) has junction stations disposed at locations of most densely crowded subscriber terminals; each junction station is connected to at least four adjacent junction stations via fiber-optic lines forming network architecture in the form of reference grid; each junction station has transceiving junction point connected to fiber-optic lines and to channel-forming junction point; the latter is connected to direction switching junction point, information service switching junction point, and trunk-communication switching junction point, subscriber communication junction point being connected to these junction points and via subscriber lines, to subscriber terminals; direction switching junction point similar in design to information service switching junction point and to automatic trunk communication switching junction point has transit junction point connected to channel-forming junction point and to subscriber junction point; direction comparison unit connected to channel-forming junction point, subscriber junction point, and direction address memory unit; and also control unit connected to transit junction point, direction address memory unit, and comparison unit; junction stations disposed near mobile communications base stations have their channel-forming junction points connected by means of fiber-optic line to mobile communications base station; junction stations residing near trunk exchanges have their channel-forming junction points connected by means of fiber-optic lines to trunk exchanges, and junction stations disposed near information service rendering junction points have their channel-forming points connected by means of fiber-optic line to information service rendering junction point; junction stations residing near telephone exchanges have their channel-forming junction points connected via fiber-optic lines to telephone exchange; channel-forming junction point has at least three channel-forming units and transceiving junction point has at least three transceiving units, each being connected through at least four fiber-optic communication lines to junction stations adjacent with respect to reference grid.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness and reduced cost of broadband communication system due to its minimized proximity of subscriber terminals.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transmission of information in the form of files over data transfer networks or in the form of data files stored in physically transportable data storage means.

SUBSTANCE: information in the form of data files is classified using unique data classification key for each data file; data-file transfer priority protocols are generated around priority matrix that has items formed by combinations of chosen criteria values specified for transmission. Each classified data file is assigned at least one priority protocol chosen among protocols generated around classification key for data file. This protocol specifies conditions chosen for data file transmission. Communication channels are chosen for transmission basing on priority protocol assigned to data file, information access being given in one of three modes.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of access and use by terminal information user.

24 cl, 4 dwg, 5 tbl

FIELD: mobile telecommunication systems.

SUBSTANCE: calling mobile station sends request for access/authentication to register of client position, after authentication, mobile station sends short message to appropriate initiating mobile commutation short message center, after receipt of short message in aforementioned center short message is sent to center to mobile commutation center of inter-network interaction, which initiates appropriate stage of service control in accordance to called field of short message number and sends short message to end mobile short message commutation center through inter-network gate of mobile commutation center, and short message is delivered to called client.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

7 cl, 5 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: computer networks.

SUBSTANCE: in accordance to invention, in set up connection phase the message is recorded in common memory, message length is measured and compared to threshold value. If the length of message exceeds threshold value, then the message is transferred in channel commutation mode, in opposite case the message is divided onto packets, rewritten to buffer memory and transferred in packet commutation mode via channels with maximal throughput in accordance to routing table. Method is realized on computer engineering elements, comparison circuit, control trigger and electronic keys, information inputs of which are connected to common memory, and controlling inputs - to trigger outputs. In original condition, packet commutation mode is used, and change of mode is realized by transfer of trigger to second stable condition from output of comparison circuit.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of network resource usage and improved time-probability characteristics of information exchange.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: invention allows for creation of the uniform and custom plans (methods and ways) of user numbering and commutation methods (including the automatic one) of incoming and outgoing calls for different users and user groups, using different equipment from various producers connected to different networks of different providers, the users being able to independently create and modify custom numeration plans for calling other users; use custom numeration plans of other users; independently create management rules for incoming and outgoing calls.

EFFECT: optimised connection between users.

9 cl, 6 dwg, 9 tbl

FIELD: information systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to method of multimedia signal transmission from the master device or the controller device to the client device to be displayed to the end user with using high-speed data transmission mechanism with low power consumption. There is disclosed data transmission interface. Pulsing is enabled in measuring window in direct and reverse signal delay measurement package from the client device for each data channel; direct and reverse signal delay is measured for mobile system digital interface (MSDI) of data transmission by detecting the pulsing in measurement window of measurement in direct and reverse signal delay measurement package for each data channel; pulsing phase is determined; measured direct and reverse signal delay is stored for each channel; reverse transmission data access time is evaluated from the measured direct and reverse signal delay for each data channel and client device pulsing phases relative to bit boundary in measurement window.

EFFECT: higher system throughput in data transmission between client devices and master device.

30 cl, 122 dwg, 17 tbl

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a data receiver/source for a hybrid network, including a network with line switching and a packet switching network. In order to eliminate logical division between applications in the data receiver/source, data transfer device and in the data end device, the applications of which are based on a network with communication line switching (PTSN, ISDN) and applications, which are based on a packet switching network (Internet), the data transfer device (DUG), meant for data transmission/reception, especially speech and data packets, in a network or from a network with communication line switching (LVN), which is associated with a universally used device (DVG) for automatic data processing and for transmitting/receiving data in a network or from a packet switching network (PVN), and with which is associated at least one data end device (DEG) for transmitting/receiving data in a network or from a network with communication line switching (LVN), contain control switching apparatus (USM), which are controlled such that, the data end device (DEG), which in the first mode is connected through the data transfer device (DUG) to the network with communication line switching (LVN), switch from the first operation mode to the second operation mode, in which the data end device (DEG) through the data transfer device (DUG) and the data processing device (DVG) are connected to the packet switching network (PVN), and vice versa.

EFFECT: provision for a new data receiver/source and an end device.

54 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: for the purpose of access to first communication system, terminal determines time of transmission of access attempt, expected time of system response and secure time period, on the basis of transmission time and/or expected time of response, terminal determines point of start time for transmission of access attempt in such a way that secure time period not to overlap with tuning interval in which terminal should control another frequency. This point of start time may be set initially to the end of previous access attempt plus pseudo-random wait state and may be moved back or forth in time if required for time period chosen considering secure period.

EFFECT: possibility of access to first communication system and tuning to second communication system in certain time periods.

29 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: physics; communication.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to communication networks. Combinational networks allow simultaneous connection between user equipment over networks of different network types. For communication sessions on different network types, belonging to the same user equipment, a correlation check is enabled by introducing an identifier denoted as combinational call indicator (CCI). This CCI identifier in combination with the known calling line identity (CLI) identifier enables user equipment and other network entities to perform a correlation check between channel switching calls and packet switching communication sessions, which are ongoing or to be established. User equipment, setting up a related communication session, sets the CCI identifier and provides the CCI identifier when setting up the communication session towards the receiving user equipment or network entity, which enabled checking whether the last received communication session is correlated with an earlier established session due to the presence of the CCI identifier.

EFFECT: improved call setup.

40 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: physics; communications.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to communication systems, particularly to combinational channel and packet switched networks. The said technical outcome is achieved due to that, combinational communication networks make possible simultaneous communication over communication networks of different types between subscriber equipment of party A and party B. A communication session which contains channel switched calls (CS) and one or more packet switched (PS) sessions can be simultaneously used in different types of communication networks with respect to the same subscriber equipment. Channel switched (CS) calls and packet switched (PS) session can be correlated. With respect to searching for packet switching address on a channel switched (CS) partner call, packet switched (PS) network address search is initiated through a channel switching (CS) protocol on a channel switched (CS) communication network. An address search request is sent to the call partner or to a network node which satisfies the said network address request.

EFFECT: more efficient search for network address.

44 cl, 1 dwg

Up!