Method of converting gravitation into useful work

FIELD: producing mechanical power.

SUBSTANCE: method is realized with the device which comprises a pipeline whose one end is submerged into fluid and the other end is connected with the accumulating vessel arranged above the level of the fluid. The device is filled with fluid under the action of vacuum, the fluid is directed to the turbine generator that converts power, and the power is used for doing useful work. After the filling, the accumulating vessel is set in rotation up to a speed for which the pressure of the fluid at the wall of the accumulating vessel exceeds the external atmospheric pressure, and fluid is discharged from the accumulating vessel. The fluid set the additional turbine generator into rotation. The additional turbine generator and rotation axis of the vessel are axially aligned. The converted power is used for rotating the vessel. The discharge of the fluid for useful work is provided through the additional turbine generator.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

6 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to a method for converting gravitational force into mechanical energy, in particular to the rise of liquid to the height H and the gravitational force acting on the height N.

There is a method of lifting liquid to the height H and the conversion of the gravitational force acting on the water into mechanical energy (see patent US 4514977, F 04 F 10/00 from 07.05.1985). The known method is carried out using a vacuum device containing a reservoir of working fluid and connected with it the tank at a height H above the level of the tank. The method includes the rise of liquid in the container at a height H from the reservoir under the action of vacuum, a drop of liquid having potential energy, which is used for useful work, and draining the liquid in the reservoir for later use. The vacuum created by the vacuum pump, which requires to expend energy, which leads to large losses and energy consumption.

The task, which directed the claimed invention is a method of lifting liquid to a height H, which would be free of these shortcomings.

Solving this task is achieved technical result consists in the return part of the energy expended in lifting the working fluid and use it for useful work, which leads to minimizes and energy consumption. Also the proposed method can improve the efficiency of energy conversion.

Data and other technical results achieved by the proposed method of converting gravity into useful work, which is done with the help of the device containing the pipeline, one end of which is omitted in the working fluid and the other connected with a storage tank located above the level of the working fluid which fills the specified device working fluid, under the influence of vacuum, poured the working fluid to the turbine generator, which convert energy and direct it into useful work. According to the invention, the cumulative capacity after filling the working fluid result in rotational movement to the angular velocity at which the pressure of the working fluid on the walls of the storage tank is greater than the exterior atmospheric pressure, and release of the cumulative capacity of the working fluid, which causes the rotation of the additional turbine generator, mounted coaxially with the axis of rotation capacity, and use the converted rotational energy of the turbine to rotate the vessel, and draining the useful work carried out through the additional turbine generator.

In a preferred embodiment of the method, the fluid re the filling is placed in the tank. After converting energy into useful work, the liquid is collected in a tank for later use, forming a vicious cycle.

In another preferred embodiment, the liquid released from the storage tank through the outlet elements installed on the walls of the storage tank in places the most remote from the axis of its rotation. As a final element you can use positive pressure valves.

In yet another preferred embodiment of the method, the rotational energy of the turbine generator installed coaxially with the axis of rotation of the tank and located at the level of cumulative capacity, is directed to its rotation through a gear mechanism connected to the at least one electric motor with a gearbox that connects to a rotation system capacity.

In another preferred embodiment of the method, the working fluid discharged from the storage tank in the direction of its rotation at a tangent to the circumference of the rotation, the speed of movement of the working fluid in the storage tank when the rotation is in the horizontal plane with the linear speed of the working fluid discharged from the storage capacitor.

Hereinafter the invention will be disclosed with reference to the drawing, which shows predpochtite the local embodiment of a system for implementing the inventive method.

Implementing the claimed method, the device consists of a T-shaped vacuum system, including the pipe 1, a vertically mounted on supports 2, the lower end is lowered into the tank 3 with the working fluid, and the upper end of the pipe 1 installed capacity of 4, made for example in the form of a disk with symmetrically arranged on the outer circumference of the valve 5 excess pressure.

In the upper part of the tube 1 mounted gear units 6, 6.1 and turntable 7. Transmission link 6, with one side connected to the tank 4, and on the other hand synchronous auxiliary motor 8 with gear and on the other hand, additional turbine generator, consisting of a synchronous motor 9, the automatic system 9.1, a constant current generator 9.2 and intermediaries 6.1, connected to a turbine 10 having vanes 11 on the inner part and the radially closer to the center of the hole 12. Under turbine 10 stationary at a height h has a reservoir 13 for collecting the working fluid flowing out of the holes 12 and having at the bottom of the hole with a pipe 14 which is connected to the consumer of useful energy 15, for example turbine.

Inside the tube 1 is permanently mounted to the second tube 16 of a smaller diameter, lower end connected to the vacuum system 17, and its upper part having a hole 18, ukrep is on the rotary support 19, in the upper end part of the tube 1. In the upper part of the tube 1 has a sensor 20 for control and adjustment of fluid level.

This design was made industrial; however, the claimed method is not limited to the proposed construction of a vacuum device.

According to the proposed method the vacuum system 17 pumps out the air from the pipe 1 through the holes in the upper part of the tube 18. The working fluid from the tank 3 under the action of the vacuum rises up the pipe 1 to the height h, which has a capacity of 4, and fills this tank. Triggered sensor 20 to control fluid level, which turns off the vacuum system 17 and includes a synchronous auxiliary motor 8 with gear acceleration and rotation of the container 4 filled with the working fluid.

For professionals it is clear that for the formation and maintenance of the vacuum in the system capacity 4 rotate together with the pipe 1.

With increasing speed of the pipe 1 increases the kinetic energy of the working fluid and its centrifugal force pressure on the inner wall of the circumference of the vessel 4, where in places the most remote from the axis of rotation, the valves 5 excess pressure. When the centrifugal force of the pressure of the working fluid in the vessel wall will be more than atmospheric pressure, positive pressure valves 5 QCD is yaytsa and release the working fluid from the reservoir 4 to the additional turbine blade 11 of the turbine 10, installed coaxially with the container 4 and the axis of rotation, respectively).

Additional turbine generator works as follows.

The rotation of the turbine 10 through a transmission link 6.1 is transmitted on the working DC motor 9.2, which starts to generate electricity coming into the automated system 9.1, defines and maintains the momentum of the vacuum device and the turbine speed according to the parameters of the optimal feasibility and the maximum coefficient of performance of the turbine, as well as to convert DC to AC predetermined controlled frequency. This AC voltage is supplied to the working of the synchronous motor 9 rotating with a constant preset speed vacuum device 1.

In the steady state starting synchronous motor 8 with gear rotates the vacuum device at a given speed, consuming from the mains electrical power is required only for compensation of friction losses.

Under turbine 10 is permanently installed on the height h of the tank 13 which is released from the turbine working fluid and through the hole in the tube 14 with a height h falls under the force of gravity, producing useful work in the receiver 15, such as a turbine. Then the working fluid is discharged into the tank 3, odud is again supplied to the pipe 1 of a vacuum device. The process is continuous.

The proposed method is based on the fundamentals of classical physics: atmospheric pressure, centrifugal force, gravity.

The working fluid from the reservoir 3 through the vacuum rises to a height H, and if it is removed from the vacuum system at this height, its potential energy will be equal to Wsweat=mgh.

This extraction liquid is carried out by rotating the system to the angular speed where the centrifugal force of the pressure fluid on the inner wall of the storage tank 4 must be greater than atmospheric pressure to the working fluid flowed from the tank 4 at a height H. Thus, the working fluid moves through the circulatory system from the bottom up, produced from her, falling down, giving potential energy into useful work and compensation of losses. In a preferred embodiment, the liquid again rise up, and the process is conducted continuously.

The fluid produced from the reservoir at a height of H, not only has potential energy and kinetic WCIN=mv2/2. This kinetic energy goes into rotation capacity and acceleration of the working fluid to the angular velocity at which the pressure of the working fluid on equidistant from the axis of rotation of the vessel wall will be greater than the exterior atmospheric pressure.

Thus, e is argia, spent the acceleration of the working fluid in the tank after it is released from the system is directed to the rotation system and the acceleration of incoming fluid from the reservoir. Energy losses due to friction are compensated by the potential energy, and the remaining potential energy is used for useful work. This method will allow to reduce the energy costs of its implementation at the maximum energy used for useful work.

1. The way of converting gravity into useful work, carried out with the help of the device containing the pipeline, one end of which is omitted in the working fluid and the other connected with a storage tank located above the level of the working fluid which fills the specified device, the working fluid under the influence of vacuum, poured the working fluid to the turbine generator, which convert energy and direct it into useful work, characterized in that the accumulation tank after filling the working fluid result in rotational movement to the angular velocity at which the pressure of the working fluid on the walls of the storage tank is greater than the exterior atmospheric pressure, and release of the cumulative capacity of the working fluid, which causes the rotation of the additional turbine-generator set with the basis with the axis of rotation of the vessel, and use the converted rotational energy of the turbine to rotate the vessel, and draining the useful work carried out through the additional turbine generator.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the working fluid before filling is placed in the tank.

3. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that after the conversion of energy into useful work, the liquid is discharged into a reservoir for subsequent use, forming a vicious cycle.

4. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the liquid is released from the storage tank through the outlet elements installed on the walls of the storage tank in places the most remote from the axis of its rotation.

5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that as a graduation items use a positive pressure valves.

6. The method according to any one of claims 1, 2, 3, 5, characterized in that the rotational energy of the turbine generator installed coaxially with the axis of rotation of the storage tank shall be provided for the rotation of the storage tank through a transmission mechanism connected to the at least one electric motor with a gearbox that connects to a rotation system capacity.

7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the working fluid discharged from the storage tank in the direction of its rotation along the tangent to the district the minute rotation, the speed of movement of the working fluid in the storage tank when the rotation is in the horizontal plane with the linear speed of the working fluid discharged from the storage capacitor.



 

Same patents:

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EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability in operation.

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Energy converter // 2253748

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FIELD: equipment and methods of fluorine processing of titanium-containing raw materials.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of equipment and methods of fluorine processing of titanium-containing raw materials, for example, ilmenite concentrates at production of titanium dioxide. The reactor installation contains the reactor coupled with the sources of reactants, which through a discharge assembly is connected with apparatuses of the subsequent processing of the reaction products. At that as the sources of the reactants they use a hopper - for a solid titanium-containing material, for example, ilmenite, and the source of ammonium fluoride. The discharge assembly contains a filtrate outlet, a slurry outlet and a gas outlet. At that the gas outlet of the reactor is fused to an ammonia feeder, the reactor filtrate outlet is fused to the first screen, a filtrate outlet of which is coupled to the second screen, the filtrate outlet of which is coupled to the cavity of a hydrolysis reactor, the outlet of which is in turn coupled to the third screen, the slurry outlet of which is coupled to the dryer-dispenser, the slurry outlet of which is coupled to the charging assembly of the reactor of pyrohydrolysis, the outlet of which is coupled to a container for storage of a satin white. At that the gas outlets of the second screen, the dryer-dispenser, the third screen and the reactor of pyrohydrolysis are coupled to the source of ammonium fluoride. Besides the ammonia feeder is coupled to the second screen and to the cavity of the reactor of hydrolysis. At that the source of ammonium fluoride is additionally coupled to the cavity of the reactor of hydrolysis. Besides the slurry outlets of the reactor and the first screen are coupled to the container for storage of the slurry. At that the cavity of the reactor of pyrohydrolysis is coupled to the source of steam through the steam conduits. The invention allows to improve reliability and serviceability of the installation at usage of the highly-corrosive fluorine-containing materials during processing of titanium-containing raw material with production of white pigment, to ensure the high completeness of utilization of the raw materials, the high yield and whiteness of the product, and to simplify of the process of production.

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5 cl, 4 dwg

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5 cl, 4 dwg

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At that as sources of the reactants use a hopper - for a solid titanium-containing material, for example, ilmenite, and a source of ammonium fluoride. The discharge assembly contains a filtrate outlet, a slurry outlet and a gas outlet. At that the gas outlet of the reactor is fused to an ammonia feeder, the reactor filtrate outlet is fused to the first screen, a filtrate outlet of which is coupled to the second screen, the filtrate outlet of which is coupled to the cavity of a hydrolysis reactor, the outlet of which is in turn coupled to the third screen, the outlet of which is coupled to the first dryer-dispenser, the slurry outlet of which is coupled to a charging assembly of the first reactor of the pyrohydrolysis, the outlet of which is coupled to a container for storage of a satin white. At that the gas outlets of the second screen, the first dryer-dispenser, the third screen and the first reactor of pyrohydrolysis are coupled to the source of ammonium fluoride. Besides the ammonia feeder is additionally coupled to the second screen and to the cavity of the reactor of hydrolysis. At that the source of ammonium fluoride is additionally coupled to the cavity of the reactor of hydrolysis. Besides the slurry outlets of the reactor and the first screen are coupled to the second dryer-dispenser, the slurry outlet of which is coupled to the cavity of the second reactor of pyrohydrolysis, outlet of which is coupled to a container for storage of a red pigment. At that the gas outlets of the second dryer-dispenser and the second reactor of pyrohydrolysis are coupled to the source of the ammonium fluoride. In addition the cavities of the first and the second reactors of pyrohydrolysis are coupled to the source of steam through the steam conduits. The invention ensures improved reliability and the state of serviceability of the installation in conditions of usage of the highly-corrosive fluorine-containing materials during processing of titanium-containing raw material and high yield of white and red pigments, high completeness of utilization of the raw materials, high yield and whiteness of the product, and also simplification of the process.

EFFECT: the invention ensures simplified process, improved installation reliability and serviceability, raw materials utilization completeness, high yield of white and red pigments, high product whiteness.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: ultrasonic cavitation disintegration of liquid media; food-processing, chemical, pharmaceutical and perfume industries.

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5 dwg

Cavitation reactor // 2254912

FIELD: apparatus for treatment of articles by energy of acoustic field of ultrasonic cavitation (cavitation disintegration) of suspensions, emulsions, colloidal or true solutions, water and other liquids; food-processing, chemical, oil production, mining, pharmaceutical and perfume industries and medicine.

SUBSTANCE: proposed reactor has housing, acoustic wave radiator and reflecting wall. Surface of reflecting wall directed towards surface of radiator to which acoustic wave is propagated with liquid belongs to solid-stage resonator at resonance frequency equal to frequency of oscillations of this surface; it is located beyond unit of its oscillatory shifts. Surfaces of acoustic wave radiator to which acoustic wave is propagated with liquid and reflecting wall are located in antinodes of oscillatory shifts of volume of liquid being treated at frequency of acoustic wave radiator oscillations.

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2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: ultrasonic cavitation treatment of liquids for destruction and separation of various substances including microorganisms in these liquids in form of suspended phases; dissociation of molecules of liquids; food-processing, chemical, oil production, mining, pharmaceutical and perfume industries.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes propagation of acoustic wave at preset average power volume density inside reactor for exciting the cavitation. Smooth distribution of cavitation energy is ensured by proper relationship of sizes of reactor interior. Amplitude of acoustic pressure of acoustic wave exceeds static pressure of liquid inside reactor by at least 4.4 times, thus ensuring smooth action of cavitation energy on liquid being treated.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

FIELD: organic chemistry, chemical technology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the improved method for preparing methanol. Method involves the successive feeding hydrocarbon-containing gas, injection of chemically purified water, carrying out the preliminary steam reforming for preparing synthesis gas and carrying out the final reforming if formed gas with addition of oxygen under pressure for carrying out synthesis of methanol, heating reactor for preliminary reforming by flow of obtained synthesis gas going out from reactor for the final reforming that is fed to intertubular space of reactor for preliminary reforming followed by cooling synthesis gas obtained as result of reforming by vapor-gas mixture and carrying out synthesis of methanol in 2-step reactor. Cooling the reaction mixture for carrying out isothermal reaction for synthesis of methanol in intermediate external heat exchanger of two-step reactor is carried out with vapor-gas mixture and cooling flow going out from reactor for synthesis of methanol is carried out with vapor-gas mixture and chemically purified water. Also, invention relates to unit for preparing methanol including the source of hydrocarbon-containing gas and unit for complex preparing gas, reactor for preliminary vapor reforming heated with flow going out from reactor for final reforming, two-step reactor for synthesis of methanol, heat exchangers for cooling synthesis gas, heat exchangers for cooling flow going out from reactor for synthesis of methanol, separator for separation of reaction products and exhausting gases and crude methanol. The unit for preparing methanol is assembled with unit for complex gas preparing including block for preparing chemically purified water, block for preparing raw, additional manufacture involving torch making, cleansing constructions, sources of electric energy, air of control and measuring instruments and automatic equipment, chemical laboratory and operating block. Two-step reactor for synthesis of methanol joined with heat exchanger for cooling synthesis gas with vapor-gas mixture, intermediate external heat exchanger for cooling the reaction mixture with vapor-gas mixture is joined in-line with heat exchanger for cooling flow obtained in reactor with vapor gas mixture, heat exchanger for cooling of chemically purified water and separator for separation of reaction products. Ignition device is assembled in reactor for final reforming that promotes to carry out the start of unit without trigger furnace. Water is injected in flow hydrocarbon gas directly before heat exchanger for the reaction mixture that provides excluding boiler-utilizer and trigger boiler from schedule and to solve the problem for cooling the reaction mixture in reactor for synthesis of methanol also. Based on integration of the device for preparing methanol in technological schedule with unit for complex preparing gas and significant change of the conventional schedule for preparing methanol method provides 3-fold reducing capital investment.

EFFECT: improved method for preparing methanol.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: production of nanodispersed powders of refractory inorganic materials and compounds, in particular, installations and methods for realization of plasmochemical processes of production of nanodispersed powder products.

SUBSTANCE: the installation comprises production-linked: microwave oscillator 1, microwave plasmatron 2, gas-flow former 3, discharge chamber 4, microwave radiation absorber 5, reaction chamber 6, heat-exchanger 7, filter-collector of target product (powder) 8, device for injection of the source reagents in a powdered or vapors state into the reaction chamber, the installation has in addition a device for injection of the source reagents in the liquid-drop state, it has interconnected proportioner 9 in the form of cylinder 10, piston 11 with gear-screwed electric drive mechanism 12 adjusting the speed of motion of piston 1, evaporative chamber 13 with a temperature-controlled body for regulating the temperature inside the chamber that is coupled to the assembly of injection of reagents 14 in the vaporous state and to the assembly of injection of reagents 15 in the liquid-drop state, injection assembly 14 is made with 6 to 12 holes opening in the space of the reaction chamber at an angle of 45 to 60 deg to the axis of the chamber consisting at least of two sections, the first of which is connected by upper flange 16 to the assemblies of injection of reagents, to discharge chamber 4, plasmatron 2, with valve 17 installed between it and microwave oscillator 1, and by lower flange 18, through the subsequent sections, it is connected to heat exchanger 7, the reaction chamber has inner water-cooled insert 20 rotated by electric motor 19 and metal scraper 21 located along it for cutting the precipitations of powder of the target product formed on the walls of the reaction chamber, and heat exchanger 7 is made two water-cooled coaxial cylinders 22 and 23, whose axes are perpendicular to the axis of the reaction chamber and installed with a clearance for passage of the cooled flow, and knife 24 located in the clearance, rotating about the axis of the cylinders and cleaning the working surfaces of the cylinders of the overgrowing with powder, powder filter-collector 8 having inside it filtering hose 25 of chemically and thermally stable material, on which precipitation of powder of the target product from the gas flow takes place, in the upper part it is connected by flange 26 to the heat exchanger, and in the lower part the filter is provided it device 27 for periodic cleaning of the material by its deformation, and device 28 with valve 29 for sealing the inner space of the filter. The method for production of nanodispersed powders in microwave plasma with the use of the claimed installation consists in injection of the source reagents in the flow of plasma-forming gas of the reaction chamber, plasmochemical synthesis of reagents, cooling of the target product and its separation from the reaction chamber through the filter-collector, the source reagents are injected into the flow of plasma-forming gas, having a medium-mass temperature of 1200 to 3200 K in any state of aggregation: vaporous, powdered, liquid-drop or in any combination of them, reagents in the powdered state are injected in the form of aerosol with the gas-carrier into the reaction chamber through injection assembly 35 with a hole opening into the space of the reaction chamber at an angle of 45 to 60 deg to the chamber axis, reagents in the liquid-drop or vaporous state are injected into the reaction chamber through injection assemblies 15 or 14, respectively, in the form of ring-shaped headers, the last of which is made with 6 to 12 holes opening into the space of the reaction chamber at an angle of 45 to 60 deg to the chamber axis, each of them is blown off by the accompanying gas flow through the coaxial ducts around the holes, at expenditure of the source reagents, plasma-forming gas, specific power of microwave radiation, length of the reaction zone providing for production of a composite system and individual substances with preset properties, chemical, phase composition and dispersity.

EFFECT: universality of the industrial installation, enhanced capacity of it and enhanced duration of continuous operation, as well as enhanced yield of nanodispersed powders and expanded production potentialities of the method.

20 cl, 1 dwg, 4 ex

FIELD: production of nanodispersed powders of refractory inorganic materials and compounds, in particular, installations and methods for realization of plasmochemical processes of production of nanodispersed powder products.

SUBSTANCE: the installation comprises production-linked: microwave oscillator 1, microwave plasmatron 2, gas-flow former 3, discharge chamber 4, microwave radiation absorber 5, reaction chamber 6, heat-exchanger 7, filter-collector of target product (powder) 8, device for injection of the source reagents in a powdered or vapors state into the reaction chamber, the installation has in addition a device for injection of the source reagents in the liquid-drop state, it has interconnected proportioner 9 in the form of cylinder 10, piston 11 with gear-screwed electric drive mechanism 12 adjusting the speed of motion of piston 1, evaporative chamber 13 with a temperature-controlled body for regulating the temperature inside the chamber that is coupled to the assembly of injection of reagents 14 in the vaporous state and to the assembly of injection of reagents 15 in the liquid-drop state, injection assembly 14 is made with 6 to 12 holes opening in the space of the reaction chamber at an angle of 45 to 60 deg to the axis of the chamber consisting at least of two sections, the first of which is connected by upper flange 16 to the assemblies of injection of reagents, to discharge chamber 4, plasmatron 2, with valve 17 installed between it and microwave oscillator 1, and by lower flange 18, through the subsequent sections, it is connected to heat exchanger 7, the reaction chamber has inner water-cooled insert 20 rotated by electric motor 19 and metal scraper 21 located along it for cutting the precipitations of powder of the target product formed on the walls of the reaction chamber, and heat exchanger 7 is made two water-cooled coaxial cylinders 22 and 23, whose axes are perpendicular to the axis of the reaction chamber and installed with a clearance for passage of the cooled flow, and knife 24 located in the clearance, rotating about the axis of the cylinders and cleaning the working surfaces of the cylinders of the overgrowing with powder, powder filter-collector 8 having inside it filtering hose 25 of chemically and thermally stable material, on which precipitation of powder of the target product from the gas flow takes place, in the upper part it is connected by flange 26 to the heat exchanger, and in the lower part the filter is provided it device 27 for periodic cleaning of the material by its deformation, and device 28 with valve 29 for sealing the inner space of the filter. The method for production of nanodispersed powders in microwave plasma with the use of the claimed installation consists in injection of the source reagents in the flow of plasma-forming gas of the reaction chamber, plasmochemical synthesis of reagents, cooling of the target product and its separation from the reaction chamber through the filter-collector, the source reagents are injected into the flow of plasma-forming gas, having a medium-mass temperature of 1200 to 3200 K in any state of aggregation: vaporous, powdered, liquid-drop or in any combination of them, reagents in the powdered state are injected in the form of aerosol with the gas-carrier into the reaction chamber through injection assembly 35 with a hole opening into the space of the reaction chamber at an angle of 45 to 60 deg to the chamber axis, reagents in the liquid-drop or vaporous state are injected into the reaction chamber through injection assemblies 15 or 14, respectively, in the form of ring-shaped headers, the last of which is made with 6 to 12 holes opening into the space of the reaction chamber at an angle of 45 to 60 deg to the chamber axis, each of them is blown off by the accompanying gas flow through the coaxial ducts around the holes, at expenditure of the source reagents, plasma-forming gas, specific power of microwave radiation, length of the reaction zone providing for production of a composite system and individual substances with preset properties, chemical, phase composition and dispersity.

EFFECT: universality of the industrial installation, enhanced capacity of it and enhanced duration of continuous operation, as well as enhanced yield of nanodispersed powders and expanded production potentialities of the method.

20 cl, 1 dwg, 4 ex

FIELD: chemical industry; reactors for combinatorial estimation of catalysts.

SUBSTANCE: proposed reactor has many upper parts resting against single support; these upper parts are connected with open ends of lower parts, thus forming many independent hermetic reaction chambers and many vessels for catalyst; each vessel has liquid permeable end for avoidance of escape of catalyst and open end; liquid permeable end of each vessel may enter independent reaction chambers through open ends of lower parts; it has also many first liquid passages connected with reaction chambers and second liquid passages also connected with reaction chambers of flow of liquid.

EFFECT: ease in operation; facilitated procedure of assembly.

13 cl, 6 dwg

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