Device for prevention and correction of psychogenic diseases and a method for manufacture thereof
SUBSTANCE: device comprises gaseous and/or colored insertions formed by additives, in particular potassium bicarbonate and/or rare-earth metal oxides.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of prevention and correction of psychogenic diseases.
The invention relates to medical equipment and can be used in psychotherapy.
The prior art.
Known devices for the prevention and correction of psychogenic diseases. These devices are used for psychological effect on one person (the patient) by another person (a doctor, a psychic, and the like.). To achieve a positive result this person focuses the attention of the patient using the device, and then gives the appropriate installation and manufactures suggestion. Thus there is a suggestion to the patient the will of another person. The patient is inhibited own imagination and imposed the wrong attitude, someone else's vision of the world, is suppressed higher mental activity (SU authorship 1678193, class. And 61 5/16 In. 1991, Lecron L. Treatment with hypnosis. With P. speaks, 1994, p.32).
It is also known a device for the correction of psychogenic diseases, made in the form of a ball of glass or crystal, the color of which corresponds to a radiation with a wavelength range of 400-600 nm, the purity of a color 1-40%, the transmittance of 60-90%, and containing gaseous and color additives, fancy inside of the ball in an amount not more than about 20% (RU, patent No. 216156, class a 61 M 21/00, And 61 In 5/06). Color additives can be made of organic materials is who and inorganic origin, for example (of a different color than the ball) colored glass, mica and the like.
The peculiarity of color additives is their prior preparation and introduction into the device during manufacture so that the inside work of abstract paintings in the form of bands of color, shapes, mazes and so on.
In the same way, abstract inside feature gaseous additives.
This device has the ability suggestive impact on the patient and causes relaxation effects.
The patient after a visual and tactile examination chooses one of the offered balls with color, fancy buttons additives, then assign the patient a therapeutic session with the selected ball by examination and contemplation of its parts with the intention of desire to see interesting and concurrent mood on self-improvement, and further drafting of the story about what he saw during a session in written, oral or artistic form.
The peculiarity of this device and its application is the development of the patient's higher mental activities based on the natural development of fantasy and imagination, awakening and developing their own world-view, their own vision of the world.
However, the known device does not have a special beauty that would cause a person a sense of change in the Denia joy, pleasure, admiration, which can be created by Shine, the play of light and color in the subject (what is known, for example, as the magic of diamonds and other stones). These feelings - positive emotions, providing a beneficial effect on mental health and in combination with viewing and contemplation parts of the subject additionally stimulates the activity of the right hemisphere of the brain.
Disclosure of inventions
The aim of the invention is a device for the prevention and correction of psychogenic conditions, which further lead to positive emotions.
The bulk of this device must be made of glass or crystal, color and gaseous insert should have a specific transparency, gloss, light play, be combined in color.
The device must be developed in such a way that it is free of cracks, internal “cutting eye and superficial, affecting tactile sensations.
This goal is achieved by the fact that the device for the prevention and correction of psychogenic diseases, made in the form of a ball of glass, made on the basis of silicon dioxide, gaseous and/or color elements fancy inside the ball, gaseous and/or color of the insert is formed of additives, which are at enemy sodium bicarbonate and/or oxides of rare earth metals, for example, the oxide of neodymium or erbium oxide and/or cobalt oxide and/or chromium oxide in combination in the composition of glass components, which are lead oxide, zinc oxide, sodium oxide, potassium oxide and boron oxide in the following ratio of components, wt.%: the lead oxide 23-26, zinc oxide 0.8-1.1, sodium oxide 0.8-1.1, potassium oxide 13-15, boron oxide 0.8-1.1, additives 0.0001-0.01, silicon dioxide - rest.
It is advisable to gaseous and color inserts would be formed additives, which would be applied sodium carbonate, cobalt oxide and erbium oxide, in combination in the composition of glass components, which are lead oxide, zinc oxide, sodium oxide, potassium oxide, boron oxide in the following ratio of components, wt.%: the lead oxide - 24, the zinc oxide - 1, a sodium oxide - 1, potassium oxide - 15, the boron oxide - 1, Supplement, 0.003, silica - rest.
In addition, in the method of manufacturing a device for the prevention and correction of psychogenic diseases of the melt blend components, including silicon dioxide, lead oxide, zinc oxide, sodium oxide, potassium oxide, boron oxide, from pre-melt separate individual portions and each portion is injected at least one color component in the form of cobalt oxide and/or chromium oxide and/or oxide of erbium, and /or neodymium oxide obtained color additives in the form of printing the first glass is then ground to obtain a powder received chips in combination with carbon dioxide, sodium sprinkle the remaining portion of the melt is heated to a temperature fluidity and subjected sequentially in any order splitting, twisting and pulling, and then cover the melt.
It seems appropriate that the melt was formed in the shape of a sphere in spherical katalinic, the inner surface of which is pre-lubricated with oil and sprinkle with graphite powder.
The best option of carrying out the invention
Device for the prevention and correction of psychogenic diseases is a subject, mainly ball, made of glass or crystal, in which arbitrarily and fancy are the color and gaseous insert, which is formed by special additives in the composition of glass or crystal.
Color additives are oxides of metals, such as oxides of cobalt, chromium, erbium or neodymium.
Addition to create a gaseous inserts is sodium carbonate.
When this is taken in the following ratio of components, wt.%: the lead oxide - 22-26, sodium oxide - 1-2, zinc oxide - 1-2, potassium oxide - 14-18, boron oxide - 1-2, additive - 0.0001-0.01, silicon dioxide - rest.
The presence of glass or crystal oxides of lead, sodium, and zinc in these percentages gives silicate glass or crystal is special luster and transparency. Color additives may be cobalt oxide, chromium oxide, erbium oxide or neodymium oxide.
Considering the device is made as follows.
In a glass furnace load simultaneously, silicon oxide, lead oxide, sodium oxide, zinc oxide, potassium oxide, boron oxide, taken in specified quantities, melted with a melt at a temperature of 1400-1450°C. the resulting melt is cooled to a temperature 1170-1190°C.
First prepare a color additive. To this end, the melt is separated small portions and each of them individually administered one color component in the form of cobalt oxide, or chromium oxide or erbium oxide or neodymium oxide. After cooling, the obtained colored glass is crushed to obtain crumbs.
Fantasy paintings within this device are generated by the traces of these oxides in the total mass, so you can enter them directly in the manufacture of the device cannot not be achieved harmony of color and light effects, as well as transparency and coenzymea. The visual perception of these effects is best expressed in semitones in the bulk of the ball. Moreover, the color of the insert should not exceed 10% of the total volume of the ball. In General, the ball should be a beautiful thing, pleasant to look at, playing in the reflected light, as if sitesays the inside, giving the effect of a mysterious depth.
In addition, the additive should be selected and entered in the total glass mass in such a way as to provide not only for artistic effect, but the safety of the balloon during use and prevent it from cracking.
Distinctive properties of the ball is a combination of the colors of the main mass (matrix) of the ball and additives. They must ensure the harmony of colour and light effects. While the color saturation should be no more than 25%.
The manufacture of the globe with the addition of allows you to get inside the ball different concrete or abstract nature paintings in the form of stripes, bubbles, clusters hemispheres, as well as shapes, mazes, color, etc. for the Most part the color of the insert must be elegant curved lines with twists and bends, svetopropuskanie (not muted).
In the manufacturing process is obtained as if by magic” ball, achieved imitation colors of natural minerals, precious and semi-precious materials: sapphire, amethyst, emerald, Topaz, diamond, aquamarine and other
You can always find the magic ball, the matching and maintenance of certain sign of the zodiac.
Named additives are used as alone or in any possible combination, and all at the same time. If there is an opportunity to create a huge different the capture fisheries devices with unpredictable number of shades of the same color or variety of colors, as well as forms and types of inserts. This greatly expands the scope of application of the device, making it not only a means of correction of psychogenic diseases, but also the means of their prevention. Such devices can be seen only by people suffering from severe and prolonged emotional stress, are in critical situations and just very tired. All this is achieved as a result of numerous variations of the combination of additives and their amount in the overall composition of the manufactured device.
Color additives are prepared in advance and in a special way are introduced into the glass during the manufacture of the globe.
From the distributors of window glass furnace trying to enter the remaining portion of the molten glass in a metal tube winding. The typed portion of the rolled metal plate, giving it the shape of a cylinder, sprinkle additives: crumbs color additives and sodium carbonate and heated in the furnace satellite to a temperature fluidity of glass or crystal. Then various tools (scissors, tweezers, corrugated clamping tweezers, etc.) it is cut, rolled, pulled, creating this fantasy figure in the form of color and gaseous inserts. Then it is immersed in the glass melt and re-enter the molten glass, or crystal. Then placed in katalinic, which has a spherical shape is made of duralumin or cast iron. To obtain a smooth surface get the ball surface katalinich pre-lubricated with oil and sprinkle with graphite powder, which when cooled, placed in a melt fade and this creates a smooth and shiny surface of the finished device.
After cooling, the ball is cut from the composite tube and placed in an oven annealing to relieve stresses generated during its formation. The cut process on machines diamond to give spherical and smooth surface. To give exceptional smoothness ball polished manually polishing powder.
Example. In a glass furnace load in wt.%: the lead oxide - 24, the sodium oxide - 1, a zinc oxide - 1, potassium oxide - 15, the barium oxide - 1, a silicon oxide - rest and heated to a temperature of 1420°C. the resulting melt is cooled to a temperature of 1180°and at this temperature from the glass begin to produce the inventive device for the prevention and correction of psychogenic diseases similar to the above.
From the working window of the furnace portion of the liquid glass trying to enter on a metal tube by twisting. This set glass roll on a metal plate, giving it the shape of a cylinder. Then in a hot set enter (by obsypaniya, rolling, lower end) of the pre is satisfactory cooked color additives in the form of crumbs glass, containing at least one color component in the form of cobalt oxide, erbium oxide and neodymium oxide, in combination with sodium carbonate. The color mixture and sodium carbonate in visitors device comprise 10% of its total volume, mass expression additive - color-forming and sodium carbonate about 0.003 wt.% Set heated in the furnace satellite to a temperature fluidity of the glass. Various tools (scissors, tweezers, corrugated clamping tweezers) is produced by manipulation of the dial glass: cut, twisted, pulled, thereby defining an internal picture of the ball. Then the tube is lowered into the initial molten glass in the furnace and enter the second set of liquid glass and placed in a spherical katalinic to shape the ball. Katalinic made of duralumin, its surface is pre-lubricated with oil and sprinkle with graphite.
The ball is in part cut off from the gang tube, process machines diamond to make polishing and/or smoothing a surface area to give a stability ball with subsequent polishing manually polishing powder.
Air bubbles beach good crystal products. Bubbles - marriage. And here they need for their increase in the glass add sodium carbonate.
Coefficie what you thermal expansion of glass and additives must be correlated so so during cooling and further processing of the device has not received the cracks and faults, not cracked.
The positive effect from the use of the device can be achieved by looking, admiring and simultaneous imaginations.
Such a device can be designed as the most recommended size 6-10 cm (ball of such a size convenient to handle and to consider), and any other size, for example greater than 10 cm, which is difficult or impossible to take in hand. According to the authors, the size of the balloon in this case should correspond to the visual field of the patient's eye when viewed and contemplation of the device. The ball may be located, for example, on the computer or next to it.
The form of the device may have some deviations from the ball, for example, have an oval shape and smooth bottom surface to make the device unstable.
Any person may examine the set of such devices (3-5 or more). Devices in the set have different color and gaseous insert, shapes and sizes.
The person chooses any device nonromani (most favourite). A person may store the device in any favourite he “ cherished” and refers to him as a mascot. A person can install it at your workplace, for instance on the computer. It can switch ucate their attention on this device in the process of their work. Its beauty (special luster, colors game, fantasy paintings) providing distraction, relaxation action and contemplation and fantasy while stimulating the development of the right hemisphere.
The device is used for prevention and correction of psychogenic diseases.
In addition, the device can be used for relaxation and development of mental activity.
1. Device for the prevention and correction of psychogenic diseases, made in the form of a ball of glass, made on the basis of silicon dioxide, gaseous and/or color elements fancy inside the ball, characterized in that the gaseous and/or color of the insert is formed of additives, which are applied sodium bicarbonate and/or oxides of rare earth metals such as erbium oxide or neodymium oxide and/or cobalt oxide and/or chromium oxide in combination in the composition of glass components, which are lead oxide, zinc oxide, sodium oxide, potassium oxide and the boron oxide in the following ratio, wt.%: the lead oxide 23-26, zinc oxide 0.8-1.1, sodium oxide 0.8-1.1, potassium oxide 13-15, boron oxide 0.8-1.1, additives 0.0001-0.01, silicon dioxide - rest.
2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the gaseous and color insert formed additives, the quality is as applied sodium carbonate, the cobalt oxide and erbium oxide in combination in the composition of glass components, which are lead oxide, zinc oxide, sodium oxide, potassium oxide and boron oxide in the following ratio, wt.%: the lead oxide - 24, the zinc oxide - 1, a sodium oxide - 1, potassium oxide - 15, the boron oxide - 1, Supplement, 0.003, silica - rest.
3. A method of manufacturing a device for the prevention and correction of psychogenic diseases, namely, that melted mixture of components containing silicon dioxide, characterized in that the mixture also contains lead oxide, zinc oxide, sodium oxide, potassium oxide, boron oxide, from melt separate individual portions and each portion is injected at least one color component in the form of cobalt oxide and/or chromium oxide and/or oxide of rare earth metal such as erbium oxide and /or neodymium oxide, and this component is then ground to obtain a colored chips, which in combination with carbon dioxide, sodium sprinkle the remaining portion of the melt, then the received portion is heated to a temperature fluidity and subjected sequentially in any order splitting, twisting and pulling, and then cover the melt.
4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the melt is formed in the shape of a sphere in spherical katalinic inner surface which predvaritelnaya drying oil and sprinkle with graphite powder.
SUBSTANCE: method involves specifying disease stage, determining suggestibility degree, programming on abstinence from alcohol consumption for a 6-12 months long period the patient determines on the own free will. Treatment is administered with bipolar electric asymmetric current pulses of 3-5 mA being applied on the background of relaxing melody later on in reanimation room. Assurance in overcoming difficulties of life and becoming free of alcohol addiction is suggested on this background. Placebo is concurrently intravenously administered as drop infusion imitating coding preparation as alcohol receptor blocker. Suggestive accentuation is concentrated on possible complications caused by alcohol consumption after introducing the preparation. The aversion against alcohol is invoked by making drop infusion of medicament mixture causing fever sensation and myorelaxation. The patient swallows 2-3 gulps of alcohol and the provoked responses are associated to them with a cause-effect relation like alcohol-bad health state and fixed with intramuscular placebo injection simulating oil code preparation.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; prolonged remission period.
FIELD: medicine, psychotherapy, amending and medicinal psychology, in particular, treatment of neuroses and posttraumatic stress disturbances.
SUBSTANCE: method involves introductory stage including collection of data and analysis of anamnesis, social development and bringing-up conditions, children and parents relations, emotional response to stress of burned children; finding out trauma nature and start training lessons with child; establishing confidential relations and contact with child; providing diagnosis of psychological, physical and intellectual development of child; determining child's extent of readiness and form of participation in training, purpose of training; preparing playing zone with fire safe conditions; constructing and modeling together with child articles imitating match box and matches; measuring pulse rate; basic stage involving doing exercises using two construction-modeling articles simulating match box and matches by modeling controlled actions, namely,: taking match box from table by one hand, opening match box by other hand, withdrawing match from box and closing match box; turning match box so that its side surface is oriented upward; abruptly, with application of pressure, moving match against side surface of match box away from yourself; holding match in horizontal position for 10 s after ignition of match with gradual bringing of match holding time to 30 s; extinguishing fire; informing about function and designation of article while pointing out positive and negative features of "fire"; discussing feelings connected therewith and watching child's state by controlling his breath; creating "fairy" atmosphere of candle ignited by specialist upon receiving child's consent for switching and presence of negative stimulus-fire of candle during training; final stage involves confidence-conciliation agreement between specialist, parent and child and discussing observation of its terms; extinguishing candle fire; controlling child's pulse rate; providing similar manipulations by bringing burning match to candle fixed in holder; teaching safe blowing-in of flame at safe distance or by closing with cap; bringing burning match to piece of paper lying on tray and extinguishing flame by water; teaching more complicated actions to bring fire handling skills to automatic extent; controlling level of acquired knowledge in fire handling and approving child's actions by granting "diplomas" for successful results.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in forming stress-overcoming behavior, reduced traumatism and provision for recovering of motor function.
SUBSTANCE: method involves concurrently acting upon patient auditory system with acoustic signal produced by a musical composition selected on basis of patient health state and electric signals of the same musical composition acting upon patient skin. The electric signals amplitude-modulated with depth of 15-85%, act upon the patient via adhesive skin electrodes during 15-40 min. Hearing-add device is subjected to acoustic signals amplitude-modulated with depth of 15% and higher. Amplitude-modulation frequency is selected within the limits of 1.2-9.8 Hz. Modulation is carried out with frequency corresponding to patient disease frequency and action power is chosen on basis of subjective patient sensations. Device has unit for performing musical composition, the first and the second power amplifier, matching unit, adhesive electrodes and electroacoustic converter as well as electrostimulation modulator, acoustic modulator, the first and the second modulation depth regulator, the first and the second power control unit. Musical signal reproduction output unit is connected to the first inputs of electrostimulation modulator and acoustic modulator, which second inputs are connected to input of introduced controllable modulation frequency oscillator and modulation depth regulators are connected to their third inputs. Electrostimulation modulator output is connected to adhesive electrodes via the first power amplifier and matching unit. Sound modulator is connected to the electroacoustic converter via the second power amplifier. The first and the second power regulator are connected to the second inputs of the first and the second power amplifier. Unit for recording sessions is additionally introduced for replicating therapeutic sessions, its first input being connected to the electrostimulation modulator and the second one to the sound modulator output.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.
4 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves giving session-lesson with sociogenesis, motives, origin and development mechanisms of drug addiction. The order of stage-by-stage disease symptoms manifestation is explained to the smallest details. Using the explained data, the students are convinced in fatal danger of drug addiction in terms of formal logic. Next to it, semantic content of premises is represented as video film that is used for introducing drug information into subconscious level by means of audiovisual means. Suggestion is carried out 2-5 times during film presentation directed to prohibition of drug consumption. Key suggestion formula composed of two words is concurrently shown on the screen. The video film being over, the students do dynamic physical exercises composed of rhythmically repeated movements coordinated with breathing. The students are induced to repeat key formula of suggestion concurrently with exercises done. The first word is said is pronounced when inhaling and the second one when exhaling.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.
SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out information treatment in the indirect psychotherapy framework. A session-lesson begins with sociogenesis, motives, origin and development mechanisms of drug addiction being explained. The order of stage-by-stage disease symptom manifestations is explained to the smallest details. Using the explained data, the students are convinced in fatal danger of drug addiction in terms of formal logic. Next to it, semantic content of premises is represented as video film that is used for introducing drug information into subconscious level by means of audiovisual means. Suggestive treatment is periodically carried out. It is directed to prohibition of drug consumption. After the video film being ended, acupressure lessons restricted to three biologically active points of Yin-tang, Tou-wei, Feng-chi are taught to the students. Prohibition of drug consumption is suggested. The students are assured that the self-massage treatment like this would give them confidence of their strength in complex life situations.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of prophylaxis.
2 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: medicine, reflexotherapy.
SUBSTANCE: one should affect auricular acupuncture points of predominant concha auriculae with microneedles. It is necessary to apply points AT-18, AT-55, AT-87, AT-13, AT-34, AT-82. Needles should be kept in the above-mentioned points for 10 d. Then comes impact for the same auricular points of another ear. Before each insertion of microneedles and after their removal it is necessary to conduct psychotherapeutic impact due to verbal suggestion.
EFFECT: shortened terms of therapy.
FIELD: medicine, psychotherapy, reflexotherapy.
SUBSTANCE: one should introduce microneedles of auricular acupuncture points of predominant concha auriculae such as AT-34, AT-55, AT-76, AT-77, AT-78,AT-82 for about 7-10 d. After removal one should introduce needles into the same points of another ear for about 7-10 d. After removal needles should be introduced into predominant concha auriculae for about 7-10 d. Before each introduction of microneedles and after their each removal it is necessary to perform psychotherapeutic impact due to verbal suggestion.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.
FIELD: medicine, psychiatry, narcology, telemedicine.
SUBSTANCE: one should perform suggestive impact upon a patient to form negative emotions at different addictions. One should project a video-sequence of negative picture on the screen. Positive emotions should be developed by demonstrating positive pictures. Moreover, one should conduct psychotherapeutic impact through the canals of audiovisual devices along with distance control for patient's state. Moreover, it is necessary to register fluctuations of omega-potential, anxiety level, initial psychophysiological characteristics. At the background of positive emotions one should form a dominant for healthy life and the program to avoid addiction. Then comes correction of behavioral stereotypes. Patient should choose motivating video-image by activating the dominant and program to avoid the addiction available. Verbal impact occurs under stereophonic conditions with binaural sound fluctuations. The method enables to prevent relapses of addictive behavior at the stage of pre-clinical manifestations of the above-mentioned disease.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.
1 cl, 3 ex, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out therapy in three stages. Clinical psychological examination is carried out at the first stage. Then, treatment for relieving emotional stress is applied. Emotionally saturated variable stimuli are concurrently applied. The stimuli are implicitly and substantially associated with verbal suggestion formula as a whole over vision and auditory sensory cerebral systems. Treatment duration is 60 min. Emotional stress therapy is applied at the second stage to produce negative conditional reflex against alcohol consumption on the background of bright, emotionally saturated esthetic stimuli implicitly and substantially associated as a whole with verbal suggestion formula. Conditional reflex is trained by triple 2 s long acoustic signal repetition with 4 s long pauses equal in time. 10 sessions each being 60 min long are applied twice a week. Supporting therapy is administered at the third stage. The treatment has 10 sessions each being 60 min long once per 3 weeks.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness in cultivating conditional alcohol aversion reflex and forming soberness dominant.
SUBSTANCE: method involves treating patient with color and sound action carrying out physical training exercises. Physical training is used as the physical training exercises. Voluminous acoustic signal is sent to a person doing physical training exercises as a sequence of natural musical scale, each interval sounding for 1-2 s and color signal combined with acoustic bandwidth of 440 to 2734 Hz as red light signal, acoustic bandwidth area of 2734 to 9192 Hz as green light signal and acoustic bandwidth area of 9192 to 10445 Hz as blue light signal. Shaping exercise are applied as physical training. Color signal is represented on display as concentric rings pattern which radii are in inverse proportionality to frequency components of acoustic signal spectrum. Acoustic signal is formed is formed according to relationship M=440xN1/3 Hz, where M is the natural musical scale interval.
EFFECT: improved human physiological capacity.
4 cl, 1 dwg, 7 tbl
FIELD: medicine, psychiatry, psychotherapy.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with carrying out dietotherapy and psychotherapeutic impact in the course of group seances. Moreover, the main psychotherapeutic impact should be performed during two seances per 8 h each, each due to marathon technique under asthenization conditions, biorythmical misfunctioning and behavioral stereotypes. Motivation should be elaborated for patient's healthy nutrition along with self-confidence and belief into success. Program for losing body weight should be developed to visualize and concretize therapy. Diary for nutritive behavior should be written, psychological protection should be performed in case of affected dietary situation. After the main seances one should carry out psychotherapeutic impact during one seance of 3 h duration in 1 or 3 mo. During seances the results obtained should be fixed by discussing and excluding situations provoking obesity relapse. The method enables to prolong duration and stability of remission.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with the ways to treat alcoholism, narcomania, tobacco smoking, obesity, sexual disorders, gambling-mania and others. Videopicture contains either one or two additional exposures, the 25th and 26th, correspondingly, each of them contains verbal information of either prohibiting or encouraging character and depictive information that corresponds to the character of verbal information. Moreover, at first, it is necessary to show the 25th exposure only, then - the 25th and the 26th exposures together, then again - the 25th exposure only. Duration of seance for videopicture watching should last for about 20-40 min. The method enables to perform less severe impact upon a patient.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.
FIELD: medicine, in particular, narcology.
SUBSTANCE: method involves using computer as apparatus for displaying on monitor screen of brain colored images reflecting at least two states of brain: before coding by separating portions colored with yellow, green and blue colors and tints thereof reflecting increasing extent of brain affection, and after coding by separating big portion of bright-red color on the background of portions colored with yellow, green and blue colors and tints thereof, respectively; explaining to patient that portion of bright-red color is his dominant code resulted from treatment; before coding procedure, applying and fixing on patient's forehead electrodes simulating elimination of brain potentials; in the course of coding, exposing patient to light flashes with switched-off common illumination and to continuous acoustic signals generated by means of acoustic synthesizer; during coding procedure, exposing patient to light flashes issued from, for example, stroboscope, said light flashes being emitted at frequency of 1-3 Hz; providing immediate suggestion by means of microphone and telephone headsets electrically connected to microphone and secured on patient's head. Method allows preliminary treatment procedure to be avoided.
EFFECT: increased therapeutic effect.
4 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out physiological examination with electroencephalogram recorded. Cognitive evoked potential method is additionally applied as neuropsychological examination for detecting hard and latent organic brain lesions causing central nervous system pathological disorders. An additional psychophysiological examination is carried out with vision analyzer test, visuomotor response test being applied for obtaining estimations of selection, discrimination, noise immunity and muscle endurance index, movement coordination, response to moving object and integral estimation of attention and ability for perceiving significant information, motor analyzer rapid response production estimation, estimation of nature of cardiovascular system response to given psychoemotional loading estimation. The examination is sequentially carried out as primary control when hiring personnel, as intermediate control in following a training course and emergency training. Psychological testing is of multi-purpose nature. To achieve it, a set reliable tests and methods of prognostic and substantial validity are applied, including intellect and project-building tests and standardized self-reports. When making decisions concerning professional validity based on test and examination results, risk group is selected from operation personnel.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of occupational skill assessment.
FIELD: medicine, human weight correction.
SUBSTANCE: while elaborating self-realization formula a dietologist should develop weight correction mode for a patient during certain period of time without health deterioration. A psychotherapist should detect several targets for weight correction followed by psychotherapeutic seance by applying neurolinguistic programming. For this purpose, a patient should provide picturesque and detailed description of desirable function. Moreover, a psychotherapist detects positive, emotional and autonomic manifestations to form conditionally reflector relationship due to tactile contact. Under supervision of a psychotherapist due to suggestion technique a patient should imagine "a part of personality" responsible for weight correction. Then his psychotherapist has communication with mentioned "part of personality", arouses patient's attention to desirable result and fixes elaborated conditioned reflex. Then a psychotherapist illustrates communication with physical feelings that correspond to either negative or positive answer and their appearance in "a part of personality". At establishing tactile contact a psychotherapist suggests to choose new ways of behavior directed onto weight correction, obtains agreement from "a part of personality" to take care of this very function, which a psychotherapist should monitor by physiological manifestations and fix with conditioned tactile contact. A patient suggests new ways of alimentary behavior, analyze them and choose not less than 3 really achievable ones and "a part of personality" is responsible for automatic implementation of these new ways of alimentary behavior in patient's next life and at achieving positive answer from "a part of personality" sйance of psychotherapy should be finished by returning a patients into awakening state. Moreover, one should prescribe a diet at decreased caloricity of 800-900 kcal during the 1st mo, then - 1200 kcal for another month with subsequent achieving its value to correspond to normal body requirements. Psychotherapy lasts for 3-4 seances in 3-5 d at repeated maintenance therapy in a month, 1 seance. The method enables to achieve stable weight decrease during preset period of time for prolonged terms.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of weight correction.
1 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: medicine, anesthesiology, intensive therapy, surgery.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation is suggested to correct anesthetic therapy in postoperational period. One should apply a modified visual-analog scale of pain on which patient should mark independently his (her) pain feelings by fixing them on vertical sections of the above-mentioned scale of pain every 2 h during the day, then doctor should plot an algogram of daily fluctuations of patient's pain feelings to analyze them for estimating the strength of pain feelings and adequacy of analgetic therapy conducted; and by taking into account the data obtained to conduct correction anesthetic program next day. The present innovation enables to adequately evaluate patient's pain feelings in postoperational period for subsequent performing adequate preventive analgetic therapy of pain syndrome, that, in its turn, enables to prevent pathological postoperational syndromocomplex.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of correction.
2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: medicine, cardiology.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation includes hypolipidemic diet. Additionally, in the state of meditation one should induce the feeling of thermal disposition in intestinal area due to autosuggestion spirally starting from dextral ileal area and performing about 3-5 circles clockwise, only by narrowing the radius of movement towards navel's area, then about 3-5 circles clockwise by widening the radius of movement against initial circumference. Then one should similarly work with feelings of colic pains and cold. Moreover, autosuggestive impact should be carried out twice daily for 30-40 d, and then - once daily every other day to maintain cholesterol level at normal value. The method enables to treat hypercholesterolemia in patients despite cholesterol level.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.
1 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: medicinal cosmetology.
SUBSTANCE: at first, one should perform target psychological tuning up for the work with a certain patient. Then, at the fist stage it is necessary to remove articular blocks, relax muscular-ligamentous apparatus of body joints with light swingings of patient's head and limbs. Moreover, one should apply long smoothing movements for limbs. The first stage should be finished with respiratory exercises. Then comes relaxing massage of jugular area and hands, plastic impact upon facial fasciae and muscles, massage of biologically active points and linear facial massage. Then one should do the complex of strengthening exercises for the neck and face. At the same time, one should concentrate patient's attention upon coming feelings in jugular and facial areas. Complex of strengthening exercises for the face and the neck should be performed every day. The present innovation enables to maintain daily tonicity of facial myofascial layer well.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
1 cl, 4 ex
FIELD: medicine, thoracic surgery, anesthesiology.
SUBSTANCE: as non-narcotic medicinal preparation one should apply heparin to be introduced intratracheally at the dosage of 300-500 IU/kg, moreover, heparin should be introduced during the first 30 min after the operation is over. The present innovation enables to create prolonged anesthetizing effect in combination with prophylaxis of postoperational thrombohemorrhagic complications due to heparin capacity to be kept in the body due to its accumulation by mast cells at blockade of their fermentative activity followed by its gradual release into the blood.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
1 cl, 1 ex, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves doing complex of physical training exercises on the background of medical rehabilitation treatment. First, dominant hemisphere is determined. Next, exercises are done expanding in turn over higher and higher levels of the nervous system beginning from homolateral movements of extremities. Then, heterolateral movements are done with extremities: first, without crossing median line of the body and then with shoulder girdle rotation to one side and pelvic girdle to the opposite side ending in movements crossing the median line. Then, the heterolateral movements are combined with eye movements and functional loads upon the hemispheres. Infinity sign drawing is carried out in the air with the right hand, left hand and with both hands, following the imaginary drawings with eyes and transferring center of gravity from one leg to the other one. Then, symmetrical figures are drawn simultaneously using both hands. Then, autotraining exercises are done consisting in creating and fixing in memory image of both working hemispheres.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of influence exerted to both hemispheres in activating interhemispheric links and restoring injured cortical functions.
8 dwg, 2 tbl