Sprinkling machine-self-aligning two-cantilever truss

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.

7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg

 

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to machines for mechanization irrigation drip irrigation of agricultural crops.

Known self stabilization pendant sprinkler dual console farms, including farm rigidly mounted on a crawler tractor, which ensure the normal rainfall in the oscillations of the tractor it is equipped with pivot bearing, four spring-loaded shock absorbers and hydraulic cylinders providing a constant horizontal position of the farm without rocking and rotating it relative to the tractor, and the pivot is located above the center of gravity of the farm (see SU, copyright certificate №167700, IPC7A 01 G 25/04. Self stabilization pendant sprinkler dual console farms / Parfenov IV (USSR). - Application No. 852993/30-15; claimed 17.08.1963; publ. 18.01.1965, bull. No. 2// Open. Of the invention. - 1965. No. 2).

The disadvantages described self stabilization of the suspension dual console sprinkler farms are low technical reliability dual console farm, unnecessary design complexity and high intensity.

Also known sprinkling machine comprising a tractor, dual console farm and stabilization system of the farm in which to stabilize the position of the farm in the longitudinal and transverse tilts of the Tr is Chora, especially when its rotation, the farm attached to the tractor using a cardan suspension and stabilization system contains sensors longitudinal and lateral tilting of the tractor and operated by hydraulic cylinders acting on the axis gimbal (SU inventor's certificate No. 274527, IPC7A 01 G 25/04. Sprinkling machine/ Anisimov, V.A., Dzyubenko BV, Nechaev E.N., Murashev EAST (USSR). - Application No. 9681112/30-15; claimed 10.01.1969; publ. 24.06.1970, bull. No. 21 // Opening. Of the invention. - 1970. No. 21).

The disadvantages described sprinkler include low reliability caused by imperfections in the design of gimbal.

Known suspension dual console farm with swivel mount on the support of the tractor above the center of gravity of the farm, equipped with a leveling mechanism, the damping device to reduce the effort required to align and secure the conservation of the center of gravity of the farm on the vertical axis of the tractor, the farm has a rigid guide based on the movie, set in the top of the support the farm, and is associated with a leveling mechanism; to prevent the transmission of transverse rolls tractor on the farm, the transfer mechanism pivotally connected with the axle of the roller bearing (SU inventor's certificate No. 288446, IPC7A 01 G 25/04. Suspension duhkhalayam/ Krivec S.L. (USSR). - Application No. 3657471/30-15; claimed 18.09.1969; publ. 03.12.1970, bull. No. 36 // Opening. Of the invention. - 1970. No. 36).

The disadvantages described suspension dual console farm with swivel mount on the support of the tractor are low technical reliability of the alignment mechanism and the high consumption of the farm.

The closest analogue to the stated object is samoustraniajutsia dual console farm for sprinkling, spraying machines, etc. that contains a frame, a rotary inclined rack with rope pendants consoles associated flexible rods with hydraulic cylinders control and stabilization mechanism consoles, in which in order to achieve stabilization of the farm in a vertical plane parallel to the surface of the field, the stabilizing mechanism is made in the form of swinging on two symmetrical about a vertical axis farm roller bearings, the ends of which move in grooves of the frame and connected with flexible rods (copyright certificate №212660 / Ovcharuk I.S. A.M., Kuznetsov YG (USSR). - Declared 27.08.1966; publ. 29.02.1968, bull. No. 9// Open. Of the invention. - 1968. No. 9).

The disadvantages described become automatically self-centering dual console farm include the complexity of the design, high intensity and low technical reliability.

The essence of the claimed invention.

The challenge aimed Appl the TES invention, - increase the technical reliability dual console farm sprinkling machines.

The technical result - the reduction of the material, improving the quality of rain and easier maintenance.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in the known become automatically self-centering dual console farm for sprinkling machines in the form of trepassey spatial structure with one upper and two lower zones and includes a Central panel in the form of a right pyramid with a square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting the lower zones and four suspensions, oriented along the edges of the pyramid, and one rack, placed on one of the side faces of the pyramid on apodeme, and associated left and right consoles, consisting of one end panel and the thirteen intermediate panels, each in the form of two racks, one spacer, two front and rear water conveyance pipes of the lower zones, one of the top belt, two inclined braces, two horizontal braces and two nozzles, according to the invention, the end panel is made in the form of a suspension farm, paired with panel farm through the spacers and the inclined struts, paired ends are oriented downward and located below the spacer, the ends of the front and rear water conveyance pipes mutually conjugate V-neck water conveyance uh what Eminem with tubing suspension farm, panel which is formed with vertically oriented in the longitudinal-vertical plane of the uprights and cross bars, inclined braces and stretch marks, while water conveyance pipeline suspension parts have a drain valve.

Due to the fact that the cantilever part of the farm made the cable and properly placed on the water conveyance piping nozzles, achieved the above technical result.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

1 shows a structural diagram of a fragment of the left truss parts of the right wing farm dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100 (from the seventh to the thirteenth panel), rear view.

Figure 2 - shows the calculated scheme right truss parts of the right wing dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100 (from the first to the seventh panel), rear view.

Figure 3 shows constructively and settlement scheme of the left truss parts of the right wing dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100 (from the seventh to the thirteenth panel), type in the plan.

Figure 4 - calculation scheme truss parts of the right wing farm dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100 (from the first to the seventh panel), type in the plan.

Figure 5 - location a in figure 2, calculated scheme to the substantiation of optimal parameters of the front and rear brace is in the intermediate panel farm dual console sprinkler Assembly.

Figure 6 - location B in figure 4, calculated scheme to the substantiation of the parameters of the front and rear braces and stretch marks intermediate panel.

Figure 7 - cross section b-b In figure 1, a transverse vertical section of the truss rods parts of the right wing farm dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100, a pair of horizontal struts on the front and rear struts intermediate panel.

On Fig shows the calculation scheme of the left truss parts of the right wing farm dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100 (from the seventh to the thirteenth panel), rear view.

Figure 9 presents a design scheme right truss parts of the right wing farm dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100 (from the first to the seventh panel), rear view.

Figure 10 shows the calculated scheme of the left truss parts of the right wing farm dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100 (from the seventh to the thirteenth panel), type in the plan.

Figure 11 shows the calculated scheme of the right part of the right wing farm dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100 (from the first to the seventh panel), type in the plan.

On Fig - place G figure 9, the calculated scheme to the substantiation of optimal parameters of the front and rear braces intermediate panel.

Fig 13 - place D figure 11, the calculation scheme to the choice of parameters of the front and C the days stretch marks and inclined braces intermediate panel, type in the plan.

On Fig - section E-E in Fig transverse-vertical section of the rod shaped part of the right wing farm dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100, a pair of struts with struts.

On Fig depicts farm dual console sprinkler unit, end view of the farm.

On Fig - view W on Fig, rear view of the Central, XIII, XII, XI intermediate panel design.

On Fig - same view in the plan.

On Fig - view W on Fig, rear view, detail, layout XI, X, IX, VIII and VII of the panels.

On Fig - same view in the plan.

On Fig - view W on Fig, rear view, mate truss part with the cable part of the right wing farm dual console sprinkler Assembly model DDA-100, rear view.

On Fig - same view in the plan.

On Fig presents cable-stayed part of the right wing farm dual console sprinkler Assembly with kratkotrajnim and delestraint sprinkling units, back view.

On Fig presents auxiliary (bottom) and the main stretch marks for alignment of the diagonals in the intermediate panel, side view.

On Fig - place C on Fig, the node connecting cable stretch marks parts of the farm with a horizontal spacer IV panel, rear view.

On Fig - section And on Fig, the pair of the end of the horizontal struts and the upper end of the inclined rear SRT is key with shelves V-shape of fasolki in the fourth panel cable side of the farm.

On Fig - place It on Fig, the connection of the front struts with anterior fragment of the front power pipeline of the lower belt.

On Fig - place L on Fig, the connection node through λsupport of fasolki vertical inclined struts from the upper zone VI intermediate panels, braces V panel and the upper stretch of the belt between the panels VI and IV, rear view.

On Fig - place M on Fig, the connection node λsupport of fasolki stretch marks and the top of the V belt transition panel.

On Fig - type N in Fig 20, connecting the front and rear VI panel and its stretch marks and braces with the upper horizontal spacer IV panel cable side of the farm.

On Fig - place on Fig, the node connecting the lower ends of the inclined braces with water conveyance pipeline III panel cable side of the farm.

On Fig - section P-P on Fig, the attachment of the lower ends of the inclined struts with water conveyance pipeline cable side of the farm.

On Fig - section R-R on Fig, place mates, the upper ends of the inclined struts with the upper stretch of the belt XII intermediate panel.

On Fig - view on Fig, the pair of the front stretch with fasanmi segment front water conveyance pipeline.

On Fig - section T-T Fig transverse-vertical section vertical belt in place of the pair of front and rear inclined struts./p>

On Fig - kind of on Fig, mate back stretch to the segment of the rear water conveyance pipeline.

On pig back fasone to connect the horizontal struts, boom stand, the upper ends of the stretching and struts IV panel cable side of the farm, side view.

On Fig - same view in the plan.

On Fig - front fasone to connect the horizontal struts, boom stand, the upper ends of the stretching and struts IV panel cable side of the farm, end view.

On Fig - section f-f on Fig, the position of the shelves gussets.

On Fig - front fasone to connect the horizontal struts, boom stand, the upper ends of the stretching and struts IV panel, type in the plan.

On Fig - place X on Fig, a fragment of the connection of the inclined uprights and cross stay with fasanmi top belt.

On Fig - section C-C on Fig, the position of the nipple and kratkotrajni the nozzle to power the pipeline suspension farm.

On Fig - section H-H Fig, the pair of horizontal struts and an inclined rack by gussets with water conveyance pipeline.

On Fig is depicted jet nozzle, side view with a partial quarter section.

On Fig - type W in Fig, 44, the position of the ribs beneath the blade to break up the stream of water into droplets of rain.

On Fig - section Y-Y on Fig, connection λ-shape Vacances bridge stretching the cable side of the farm.

On Fig - place e on Fig, the working position of the jet nozzle to power the pipeline suspension parts farm sprinkler unit DDA-100.

On Fig - section Ü-Ü on Fig, diametrical section of the mating pipe flanges water conveyance pipeline cable side of the farm.

On Fig presents removable kratkotrajna nozzle, top view.

On Fig - section b-b on Fig diametrically cut kratkotrajni nozzles.

On Fig - section of Yu-Yu Fig, horizontal slit nozzle kratkotrajni nozzles.

On Fig - section I-I in Fig 22, the operating position kratkotrajni nozzles for water conveyance pipeline cable side of the farm.

On Fig - section Th Th Fig, the position of replaceable calibrated washers in the cavity kratkotrajni nozzle, installed in the nipple of power pipeline in the truss panels of the left (right) console.

Information confirming the ability of the invention are as follows.

Samoustraniajutsia dual console farm for sprinkling machines made in the form of trepassey spatial structure with one upper and two lower zones. The farm has a Central panel 1, the left and right console 2 and 3 (see figure 1-22).

The Central panel 1 (see Fig, 16 and 17) is made in the form of a right pyramid with a square base is receiving from water conveyance pipes 4, 5 and 6 are mutually connected at a right angle bars 7 and 8 between the pipes 4, 5 and 5, 6. At the end of the pipe 4 and 6 are of the flanges 9, and the pipe 5 has two flange 10. The pipe 5 from the bottom has the bends 11 with a flange 12 for the connection of flexible hoses with the division of water flow from the pump dual console sprinkler Assembly, driven in rotation by a motor attached to the tractor. The square base of the Central panel 1 Supplement water conveyance pipes 13, 14 and 15 are mutually connected at a right angle bars 16 and 17 between the pipes 13, 14 and 14, 15.

At the ends of the pipes 13 and 15 has a flange 16 connected via strip with flanges 9 of the pipes 4 and 6. The ends of the water conveyance pipe 14 provided with flanges 17. The flanges 17 of the front water supply pipe 14 is connected segments 18 of the front water conveyance pipeline on consoles 2 and 3 of the lower belt. To the flanges 10 of the rear water supply pipe 5 is connected segments 19 of the rear water conveyance pipeline. The pipelines 14 and 5 on the base of the pyramid have fasolki 20 (Fig-17), to which are connected four suspension 21, oriented along the edges of a regular pyramid to its apex, limited Central fasanmi 22. On the right side of the pyramid on apodeme between the Central fasanmi 22 and the pipes 6 and 14 posted by hour 23. The left console 2 and the right-hand console 3 farm connected to the Central panel 1 through the m one upper and two lower zones. Svornosti, montageplatte and transportability farm provided that the Central panel 1 is interfaced by means of a fastening on the left console 2 and the right console 3. Each console 2 (3) consists of one end panel 24 and the thirteen intermediate panels 25, marked in Roman numerals XIII, XII, XI, X, IX, VIII, VII, VI, V, IV, III, II and I.

Each of the thirteen intermediate panel 25 is made in the form of two inclined struts 26 and 27, the paired upper ends with the upper belt farm, one of the horizontal struts between 28 (see Fig and 43) by segments 18 and 19 of the water conveyance front and rear water conveyance pipelines left and right consoles 2 and 3, the front segment 18 and the rear segment 19, respectively, front and rear water conveyance pipeline zones, one upper belt 29, the two inclined braces 30 and 31, two front and rear horizontal braces 32 and 33 and two korotkostrizhenih nozzles 34 on segments 18 and 19 (see Fig, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 32, 33, 34, 35, 41, 43).

The segments 18 and 19 of the front and rear water conveyance pipelines bottom belt provided with pairs of opposed posted by gussets 35 (see Fig), which by means of U-shaped forks 36 and fastening means 37 fixed lower horizontal struts 28. Spacers 28 hold the segments 18 and 19 in each intermediate panel 25 maintains the essential destruction of l 2(see Fig.7 and 14).

The lower ends of the inclined front 26 and rear racks 27 plugs 38 are connected by gussets 39 fastening means 40 in each of the segments 18 and 19 of the front and rear water conveyance pipelines (see Fig). The upper ends of the inclined struts 26 and 27 plugs 41 and fastening means 42 connected λ-shaped gussets 43 of the upper belt 29 (see Fig and 32). Each upper belt 29 has a U-shaped bracket 44 at one end and λ-shaped Fesenko 43 at the other end. The upper belt 29 are mutually and serially connected axes 45 diameter 32 and a length of 40 mm (see Fig, 32 and 34). The distance between the centers of holes forks 38 and 41 at the ends of the uprights 26, 27 are made the same and equal to l1(see Fig.7 and 14).

The upper belt 29 in dual console farms sprinkling machines hinged by means of fasolki 22 of the Central panel 1 on the frame pivot and chassis mounted tractor XIII panel has a length 5150 center axis models sprinkling machines DDA-100 and I DDA-100 (see figures 1 and 2 and Fig and 9). The length of the upper belt 29 in the intermediate panel 25 (XII-II) is equal to 4000 mm (1, 2, 3, 4 and 8, 9, 10, 11).

Inclined braces 30-31 (see figure 1-6, 8-13) have a plug on the upper and lower cones, which axis they bind fasolki on segments 18 and 19 of pipelines belt and λ-shaped fasanmi 43 belt 29 (see Fig).

Horizontal stretch marks 32 the 33 exclude mutual shift of the segments 18 and 19 in the intermediate panels XIII-VI. The same length of stretch marks 32 and 33 in panels XIII-VI provides a mounting extension 46 (Fig). It is equipped with a plug 47 on the threaded rod 48 and S-shaped bracket 49 and the plug 50 on the deadlift 51. Forks 47, 50 and axes 52, 53 of the mounting extension 46 is mounted on the gussets 54 and 55 of the segments 18 and 19 of the water conveyance pipelines of the lower belt.

The front 32 and rear 33 marks (see Fig, 33, 35) are of identical design. Each of the marks is equipped with plugs 56 at the ends of the traction 57. The fork 56 have holes for the axles 58 kinematic connection with the gussets 54 and 55 on the segments 18 and 19.

The segments 19 of the rear water conveyance pipeline and the segments 18 of the front water conveyance pipeline mutually connected by flanges 10 and 17 through a strip of rubberized material. The flanges 10 (17) and gasket mating segments 18 (19) tied between the means of attachment (see figure 1, 2, 8, 9, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 43).

The angle of the pipes of the lower belt to the horizon is 2°17' (see Fig 1 and 8).

Along the pipes of the lower belt they mutually converging, as to the axis of symmetry of the farm they are installed at an angle 1°19' (see Fig 3 and 10).

At each intermediate panel 25 (XIII-V) mounted on two korotkostrizhenih nozzles 34 (see Fig-22, 42, 49-53). Each of the nozzles 34 has a plastic casing 59, the nozzle 60, a curved blade 61, the fitting 62 for screwing in nip the eh 63 segment 18 (19). The housing 59 of the nozzle 34 has a socket for screwing the fitting 62 in the threaded part of the nipple 63. The position of the body 59 of the nozzle 34 in the nipple 63 is fixed shaped nut 64. This allows you to quickly adjust the nozzle 34, taking into account the speed and direction of surface wind. The nipple 63 is mounted a removable gauge washer 65 (see Fig). Table 1 shows the parameters and number of washers 65 in the nipple 63 in panels I-XIII, depending on the performance of the installed pump (l/s) sprinkler.

The end panel 24 (see Fig-22, 25, 31) is designed as a cable-stayed part of the farm sprinkler. Cable-stayed part of the farm on the left 2 and right 3 consoles farm paired with VI intermediate panel 25 of the farm through a triangular element in the form of horizontal struts 66 and the inclined struts 67 and 68. The mated ends of the inclined struts 67 and 68 are oriented downward and located below the horizontal spacers 66. The ends of the segments 18 and 19 of the front and rear water conveyance pipe pipe cable side of the farm paired V-shaped water conveyance element 69 (see Fig and 21). The intermediate panel of the V formed by the inclined struts 27 and 26 and a horizontal strut 28, placed in a transverse vertical plane. The mated ends of the inclined struts 26, 27 are placed above the horizontal braces 28 and with dynany with a special frame 43 (see Fig, 21, 27, 28)with Δ-shaped plate 70 and the bracket 71 with the axis 72. Δ-shaped plate 70 special fasolki fingers 43 73 is connected with the braces 74 and 75 (see Fig, 21, 27 and 28). The bracket 71 through the finger 72 is connected to the stretching 76 connecting the V-shaped feeding element 69.

Slanted rack 67, 68 through horizontal brace 66 IV panel associated with gussets 54 and 55 at the ends of the segments 18 and 19 and the front and rear of the inclined braces 77 and 78 and the front and rear braces 74 and 75 (Fig, 21 and 29). The node pair V-shaped water conveyance element 69 with water conveyance pipeline 79 cable-stayed part of the farm is additionally connected by stretching 76 bracket 71 in fasone 43 on the top of the inclined struts 27 and 26 (Fig).

The segments 80 water conveyance pipeline 79 cable-stayed part of the farm is equipped with flanges 81, connected via rubber gaskets 82 and fastening means 83 (Fig). The segments 80 in panel IV-I have the nipple 63, which are korotkometrajnye nozzles 94 (Fig, 21 and 42).

The end panel 24 is provided with a nipple 63 to install kratkotrajni nozzle 34, a drain valve 84 and delestraint nozzle 85 (Fig-22, 42, 47, 52).

Delestraint nozzle 85 is placed in the nipple 86, mounted in the flange 87 on the end of water supply pipe 79 cable side of the farm (see Fig, 21, 47, 44, 45). Delestraint NASA is ka 85 weldment has a nozzle 88 in the housing, the rib 89 and set at an angle to the axis of symmetry of the nozzle 88 of the blade 90. The blade 90 moulded into the shape of a circle. Case delestraint nozzle 85 has a threaded section for screwing the nipple 86 on the flange 87 of the pipe 79, the end panel 24.

The pipe 79 suspension of the suspended part of the farm to the triangular element IV intermediate panel 24 by means of four pairs of cable stretch marks 91, 92, 93 and 94 (Fig, 20, 21, 22, 24, 30). The lower ends of rope stretch marks 91 - 94 forks 95 (see Fig), through which the axis 96 they are associated with gussets 97 on the surface of the segment 80 water conveyance pipeline 79. The upper Z-shaped end 98 of the cable stretch marks 91-94 placed in the technological holes 99 of the mounting plate 100 (see Fig). This provides the required bending the cable stretch marks 91-94 to the horizon. Front and rear mounting plate 100 is connected with the adjacent ends of the upper horizontal struts 66 and upper cones inclined struts 67 and 68 (see Fig, 21, 22, 29, 24, 25) through the front and rear L-shaped gussets 101 and 102. A pair of L-shaped gussets 101 and 102 are made in mirror image (see Fig, 37, 38, 39 and 40).

Front and rear mounting plate 100 with a pair of L-shaped gussets 101 and 102 are connected by means of fastening 103 placed in the holes in the plates 100 and gussets 101 and 102 (see Fig and 29). L-shaped of fasolki 101 and 102 with the upper horizontal spacer 66 and the top is mi ends of the inclined struts 67 and 68 are connected by axles 104 (see Fig). The lower ends of the inclined struts 67 and 68 are connected with the segments 80 water conveyance pipeline 79 cable-stayed part of the farm through gussets 105, 106 and fastening means 107 (Fig).

The technical result in reducing material consumption and conservation technical and operational reliability is achieved by the fact that the upper ends of rope stretch marks 91, 92, 93 and 94 provided with a Z-shaped bracket 98 mounted groups in the technological holes 99 of the mounting plates 100 (Fig). Horizontal spacer 66 is inclined racks 67 and 68 carries a pair of L-shaped brackets 101 and 102 made in mirror (Fig, 29, 36, 37, 38, 39 and 40). The corner solution λ between the shelves 108 and 109 L-shaped brackets 101 and 102 are made within 45...60°±2° (Fig) and provides montageplatte upper horizontal struts 66 of the inclined struts 67 and 68.

The angle setting β shelves 101 and 102 in the brackets 101 and 102 provides the desired position of the mounting plates 100 to accommodate the cable stretch marks 91-94. Mounting plate 100 for cable stretch marks 91-94 fixed fastening means 103 (Fig) on L-shaped brackets 101 and 102.

Intermediate panel 25 (VI) truss parts associated with panel IV suspension parts farm special λ-shaped fasanmi 43 (see Fig, 21, 27 and 28)with Δ-shaped plate 70 and the bracket 71. The plate 70 is a bracket 71 of fasolki 43 is connected inclined to the horizon stretch marks 74, 75 and 76 of L-shaped brackets 101 and 102 of the spacer 66 and a V-shaped water conveyance element 69 for hydraulic connection with the water conveyance pipeline cable side of the farm. The remote ends of the inclined braces 77 and 78 and stretch marks 74 and 75 are pairwise conjugate with L-shaped brackets 101 and 102 on the horizontal spacer 66 panel V cable-stayed part of the farm (Fig and 29).

Rope guy 91 and 94 provide lift delestrange sprinkler apparatus 85 on the value of ho(see Fig) compared with VI panel.

Presented in figure 1-14 numerical parameters of the truss parts indicate the interchangeability of panels XIII-I produced in the model DDA-100 in the DDA-100 I, DDA-100 MA and discontinued models DDA-100 and reliability of truss connection portion with the Central panel 1 in the form of a pyramid.

Samoustraniajutsia dual console farm for sprinkling machines operates as follows.

From the pump station sprinkler mounted on a chassis attached to the tractor, through a flexible hose, water flows through the flanges 12 of the outlets 11 of the tube 5 in the base of the pyramid of the Central panel 1. Pipes 5, 4, 6 and 15, 14, 13 at the base of the pyramid of the Central panel 1 water under pressure is distributed to the front water conveyance pipeline and rear water conveyance pipeline to the lower singing the s on the left 2 and right 3 consoles. As water movement in the segments 18 and 19 of part of its pipelines through korotkometrajnye nozzle 34 is distributed in the form of drops of rain. Most of the water from the tank through the nozzle 34 is distributed in the form of artificial rain in the intermediate panel 25 (XIII-V) truss parts consoles 2 and 3. The remainder of the water from the pipes on the V-shaped water conveyance element 69 is sent to the pipe 79, composed of segments 80 with nipple 63. Korotkometrajnye nozzles 34 on the segments 80 irrigation is a significant part of the site occupied by the cable-stayed part of the farm. Working area irrigation increase delestraint sprinkler apparatus 85 on the end panels 24. Water jet emanating from the nozzle 88 delestrange apparatus 85 is broken down into the blade 90 on agrotehnicheskij valid drops for irrigation of agricultural crops without mechanical damage.

The quality of rain on end parts of the farm provide a V-shaped water conveyance elements 69, connecting pipelines 79 suspension parts front and rear piping segments 18 and 19 of the truss parts.

1. Samoustraniajutsia dual console farm for sprinkling machines in the form of trepassey spatial structure and with one upper and two lower zones, including the Central panel in the form of a right pyramid with a square of the first base of the pipes with flanges for connecting the lower zones and four suspensions, oriented along the edges of the pyramid and one rack, placed on one of the side faces of apodeme associated with the panel left and right console, consisting of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel, each in the form of two struts, one strut, front and rear water conveyance pipes of the lower zones, one of the top belt, two inclined braces, two horizontal braces and two nozzles, wherein the end panel is made in the form of a suspension farm, paired with panel farm through the spacers and the inclined struts, paired ends are oriented downward and located below the spacer, the ends front and rear water conveyance pipes mutually conjugate V-neck water conducting element with tubing suspension farm panel which is formed with vertically oriented in the longitudinal-vertical plane of the uprights and cross bars, inclined braces and stretch marks, while water conveyance pipeline suspension parts have a drain valve.

2. Farm according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper ends of the rope stretching equipped with a Z-shaped brackets mounted groups in the technological holes of the mounting plate.

3. Farm according to claim 1, characterized in that the horizontal strut with inclined struts paired with a pair of L-shaped brackets made to see the unique reflection.

4. Farm according to claim 2 and 3, characterized in that the mounting for the cable stretching plate mounted on L-shaped brackets.

5. Farm according to claim 1, characterized in that the intermediate panel truss parts paired with a panel suspension parts λ-shaped fasanmi equipped with Δ-shaped plate and bracket, United inclined braces with L-shaped brackets and water conveyance pipeline cable side of the farm.

6. Farm according to claims 1 and 5, characterized in that the remote ends of the inclined braces and stretch marks intermediate panel truss parts are pairwise conjugate with L-shaped brackets on the horizontal spacer panel fantasai parts of the farm.

7. Farm according to claim 1, characterized in that it is equipped with optional mounting stretching.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.

EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.

9 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.

EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.

4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.

EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.

3 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2248118

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops through width of mobile unit, reduced material usage, simplified construction, and enhanced reliability in operation.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.

SUBSTANCE: wheeled pipeline is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheeled supports, drive arranged in mid portion of central section, and section coupling means. Pipeline sections have variable section reducing in direction of supplying of irrigation water. Each pipeline section coupling is made in the form of two concentric branch pipes positioned for rotation one with respect to another and for axial displacement. Outer branch pipe is connected with flanges of adjacent carrier members. Inner branch pipe is joined with ends of adjacent pipes of different sizes, said pipes being made from high-pressure polyethylene. Pipes are positioned in cavity of carrier member. Carrier member of each section is made in the form of pair of opposite bent C-shaped sections. Ends of C-shaped sections are joined to flanges. Mounting rings are positioned in mid portion of pairs and adapted for mounting of wheel support hub. Outer branch pipe of pipeline section coupling is made in the form of detachable pair of semi-circles, each being formed by packet of spacer bushings arranged in equally spaced relation between pair of arced belts. Inner branch pipe for connecting ends of pipes made from high-pressure polyethylene is made in the form of outer and inner threaded bushings, each provided with diametrically oriented slots for special wrench for joining with ends of pipes to be connected. Inner bushing has threaded part for screwing into end of pipe of smaller diameter. Ring is disposed on outer end perimeter of pipe of smaller diameter. Inner bushing has cylindrical part joined with inner cylindrical surface of pipe of larger diameter. Its conical part is joined with sawn-through parts at end of pipe of larger diameter. Inner surface of inner bushing is defined by two intersecting conical surfaces with single base of minimal diameter.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops over area under irrigation process owing to constant flow speed of irrigation water into pipeline cavities.

10 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has drive part with two pivotally fixed girder booms. Girder has central panel, columns, struts and sprinkler heads arranged on water-feeding belt. Drive part is provided with supporting table and rotary plate. Supporting table is mounted on vertical wall of rear axle of drive part above centrifugal pump. Rotary plate is mounted on supporting table for rotation around shaft, which pivotally connects said plate with supporting table, said plate and table being additionally mutually connected by hydraulic rotational drive. Girder central panel is fixed on rotary plate by means of vertical shaft. Central panel is additionally coupled to rotary plate by means of hydraulic drive of turning mechanism. In operating and transport positions, weight of girder is distributed over surface of supporting table. Mechanisms for rotating of rotary plate and turning of girder central panel simplify movement of girder from operating position to transport position and vice versa.

EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.

SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.

4 cl, 5 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2246209

FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.

3 cl, 5 dwg

The intake device // 2242871
The invention relates to the mechanization of irrigation in agriculture, and is intended for collecting water from open irrigation network and water supply to sprinkler machines in motion

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, namely, irrigation technology, and can be used in machines truss type for sprinkling with continuous motion

Sprinkler unit // 2246209

FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.

SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has drive part with two pivotally fixed girder booms. Girder has central panel, columns, struts and sprinkler heads arranged on water-feeding belt. Drive part is provided with supporting table and rotary plate. Supporting table is mounted on vertical wall of rear axle of drive part above centrifugal pump. Rotary plate is mounted on supporting table for rotation around shaft, which pivotally connects said plate with supporting table, said plate and table being additionally mutually connected by hydraulic rotational drive. Girder central panel is fixed on rotary plate by means of vertical shaft. Central panel is additionally coupled to rotary plate by means of hydraulic drive of turning mechanism. In operating and transport positions, weight of girder is distributed over surface of supporting table. Mechanisms for rotating of rotary plate and turning of girder central panel simplify movement of girder from operating position to transport position and vice versa.

EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.

SUBSTANCE: wheeled pipeline is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheeled supports, drive arranged in mid portion of central section, and section coupling means. Pipeline sections have variable section reducing in direction of supplying of irrigation water. Each pipeline section coupling is made in the form of two concentric branch pipes positioned for rotation one with respect to another and for axial displacement. Outer branch pipe is connected with flanges of adjacent carrier members. Inner branch pipe is joined with ends of adjacent pipes of different sizes, said pipes being made from high-pressure polyethylene. Pipes are positioned in cavity of carrier member. Carrier member of each section is made in the form of pair of opposite bent C-shaped sections. Ends of C-shaped sections are joined to flanges. Mounting rings are positioned in mid portion of pairs and adapted for mounting of wheel support hub. Outer branch pipe of pipeline section coupling is made in the form of detachable pair of semi-circles, each being formed by packet of spacer bushings arranged in equally spaced relation between pair of arced belts. Inner branch pipe for connecting ends of pipes made from high-pressure polyethylene is made in the form of outer and inner threaded bushings, each provided with diametrically oriented slots for special wrench for joining with ends of pipes to be connected. Inner bushing has threaded part for screwing into end of pipe of smaller diameter. Ring is disposed on outer end perimeter of pipe of smaller diameter. Inner bushing has cylindrical part joined with inner cylindrical surface of pipe of larger diameter. Its conical part is joined with sawn-through parts at end of pipe of larger diameter. Inner surface of inner bushing is defined by two intersecting conical surfaces with single base of minimal diameter.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops over area under irrigation process owing to constant flow speed of irrigation water into pipeline cavities.

10 cl, 11 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2248118

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops through width of mobile unit, reduced material usage, simplified construction, and enhanced reliability in operation.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.

EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.

EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.

4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.

EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.

9 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.

7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.

SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.

4 dwg

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