Interleaver and interleaving process in communication system

FIELD: coding in communication systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed partial reverse bit-order interleaver (P-RBO) functions to sequentially column-by-column configure input data stream of size N in matrix that has 2m lines and (J - 1) columns, as well as R lines in J column, to interleave configured data, and to read out interleaved data from lines.

EFFECT: optimized interleaving parameters complying with interleaver size.

4 cl, 7 dwg, 3 tbl

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates essentially to the alternation in the communication system, and more particularly to a method of optimizing the parameters in accordance with the size of the interleaver to interleave with partial reverse the order of bits (H-OPB) and uses his interleaver.

The level of technology

Although sablotny channel interleaver designed according to the specifications of IS-2000 release C(1× EV-DV) F/L, performs H-OPB operation to permutation of rows as well as the existing channel interleaver designed according to the specifications of IS-2000 release a/b, sablotny channel interleaver is different from the channel interleaver fact that the shaper otherwise generates a read address and requires a full accounting of the influence of selected parameters of the interleaver on the choice of characters quasi-additional turbo code (CDTC, QCTC).

Therefore, there is a need for analysis of the principles of functioning subpackage channel interleaver and channel interleaver and the establishment of a criterion for determining the optimal parameters for channel premaritally. The optimal settings will provide the best efficiency in channel peremerzaesh arranged in accordance with IS-2000 release a/b, IS-2000, issue C.

The invention

The purpose of this breath is retene is essentially, the elimination of at least the above problems and/or disadvantages and provide at least the advantages described below. Accordingly, the present invention is to provide a method of optimizing the parameters for H-OPB alternation and the interleaver using optimized parameters.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method of optimizing the parameters m and J in accordance with the size of the interleaver for H-OPB alternation and interleaver that uses them.

To solve the above and other objectives of the proposed H-OPB interleaver and method for optimizing parameters in accordance with the size of the interleaver for H-OPB of the interleaver. H-OPB interleaver sequentially, column by column, configures the input data stream of size N in a matrix with 2mrow and (J-1) columns and R rows in the J-th column. H-OPB interleaver punctuates configured data and reads line by line peremerzanie data. Here N, m, J and R are set as follows:

NmJR
4087424
7928424
15609424
2328103280
309610424
38641121816

Brief description of drawings

The foregoing objectives, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the subsequent detailed description of preferred embodiments of the invention with regard to the attached drawings.

Figure 1 illustrates the H-OPB interleaving for N=384, m=7 and J=3 according to a variant implementation of the present invention.

Figure 2 illustrates the distance between the address read after H-OPB alternation for N=384, m=7 and J=3 according to a variant implementation of the present invention.

Figure 3 illustrates the H-OPB interleaving when N=408, m=7, J=3 and R=24 according to a variant implementation of the present invention.

Figure 4 illustrates the minimum distance within the row after H-OPB alternation when N=408, m=7 and J=3 according to a variant implementation of the present invention.

Figure 5 is a functional diagram of the interleaver, which used a variant of implementation of the present invention.

6 is a block diagram illustrating a first example of an operation of determining the optimal parameters of the interleaver according to a variant implementation of the present invention.

Fig.7 is the POC scheme, explaining another example of the operation of determining the optimal parameters of the interleaver according to a variant implementation of the present invention.

A detailed description of the preferred embodiments

Below, with reference to the attached drawings, described in detail several preferred embodiments of the present invention. In the drawings used sequentially numbered. In the following description are omitted for clarity, a detailed description of known functions or configurations.

Below will be described H-OPB alternation, which are different embodiments of the present invention, and the principles for determining the parameters for the optimal H-OPB interleave according to the options of implementing the present invention.

Figure 5 is a functional diagram H-OPB of the interleaver, which used a variant of implementation of the present invention. According to figure 5, the generator 511 address takes the size N of the interleaver, the first parameter m (i.e. Dwight), the second parameter J (i.e Verniel) and the synchronization signal the synchronization Signal and generates a read address for reading the symbol bits of the memory 512 of the interleaver. The parameters m and J are defined in the controller (not shown) is fed to the generator 511 addresses or determined in accordance with the size N lane is majitele generator 511 addresses. The memory 512 of the interleaver in the record mode, sequentially stores the symbol bits of the input data in the address record corresponding to the values of the counter 513, and in the reading mode displays the symbol bits of the address reading, taken from the generator 511 addresses. Counter 513 receives the synchronization signal the synchronization Signal, generates a counter value and supplies it as the address of record ADR Recording in the memory 512 of the interleaver.

As described above, H-OPB interleaver sequentially writes the input data in the memory 512 of the interleaver in the recording mode and reads data from the memory 512 of the interleaver in accordance with the address of the reading generated by the generator 511 addresses. More H-OPB interleaver described in the patent application Korea No. 1998-54131 registered 10 December 1998.

When the function generator 511 generates addresses the read address Aifor the permutation symbol by the formula:

where i=0, 1,... , N-1 and N=2m×J.

In equation (1) N denotes the size of the input data of the interleaver, and m and J are parameters of the interleaver, called Dwight and Verniel respectively.

Figure 1 illustrates the H-OPB interleaving for N=384, m=7 and J=3. According to figure 1 matrix alternation is 2mlines starting with index 0 and J hundred is bcov, beginning with index 0. After step 101, the row index and column index of the symbol in the resulting matrix are expressed asand (i mod J), respectively. Therefore, afterthe i-th symbol of the sequence of input data is read address number corresponding-th row and the (i mod J)-th column. In each row there is a J symbol, and the distance between the characters in the string is 2m.

At step 102 above the index linethe operation OPB. If the distance between the symbols in adjacent rows, one column is the distance of the rows of drw, the operation OPB over the indices of rows leads to a permutation of rows to two minimum distances of the rows of drowwas 2m-2and 2m-1as illustrated in figure 2. Therefore, afterthe i-th symbol of the sequence of input data is read address number corresponding to the OPBm-th row and the (i mod J)-th column of the third matrix on the left. As a result, the sequence of addresses read is formed by permutations of the rows of the matrix 2m×J in H-OPB-interleaver. Matrix rearranged rows is read first the article is the OK from the top down, followed by reading each row from left to right.

For clarity of description, the distance between adjacent addresses in one line is defined as the distance within a row of dintra”. If J≠ 1, dintra=2m. If J=1 then the distance within the row is missing (not defined).

The distance between adjacent addresses in different lines, namely the distance between the last address in the string and the first address in the next line, defined as the distance between the rows of dinter”. The distance dinteris one of several values, calculated as a function of the parameters m and j When m and J are defined, the resulting minimum distance between rows dinterdefined as.

As the two minimum distances of the rows of drowform 2m-2and 2m-1then

Whyis calculated by equation (2) when J≠ 1, it is clear from figure 2. If J=1, which implies that the interleave matrix has only one column, thenisi.e. the 2m-2.

As described above, the parameters of the interleaver m and J are the numbers of rows and columns in the matrix sequence of addresses read and how the parameters of the function that determines the distance between the Adra is AMI read. Therefore, characteristics of H-OPB channel interleaver depend on the parameters of the interleaver m and J.

Before describing the method for determining the parameters subpackage channel interleaver that provides the best efficiency alternation, according to a variant implementation of the present invention will be described tasks channel premaritally in accordance with the specification IS-2000 editions of a/b and C. Then describes the determination of the parameters of the interleaver separately in two cases: N=2m×J and N=2m×J+R.

According to the specification of IS-2000 release a/b, the task of the channel interleaver is to increase the efficiency of the decoding, which decreases the adverse effects of damping on consecutive code symbols, by dispersion of the error, which occurs as a result of rearrangement of the symbols. To improve the efficiency of the decoding interleaving should be performed so that the distance between adjacent addresses (the distance between locations) was maximum.

Meanwhile, the task subpackage channel alternation, as described in the specification IS-2000 release, is the ability to selector characters CDTC “output” of the interleaver to select the appropriate character code corresponding to the coding rate, and, therefore, to provide nailu the Shui efficiency at this speed encoding, and to dispel errors by permutation characters. To achieve this goal interleaving should be performed so that the distance between the addresses were maximum and uniform.

Accordingly, in order to meet the requirements on the channel interleaver specification IS-2000 release a/b, and sablotny channel interleaver specification IS-2000 release, the interleaver should be designed so that the permutation sequence of addresses read alternation was carried out uniformly. This can be done by estimating the parameters of the interleaver m and J that maximizes the minimum distance between addresses and minimizes the difference between the distances between addresses.

As described above, distances between locations are categorized by distance within a row of dintraand the distance between the rows of dinter. The distance within the row is a function of m, and the distance between rows is a function of m and J. because there are several distances between rows, then calculates the minimum distance between rows. The minimum distance between locations when J = 1, always = 2m-2and when J is not equal to 1, is the smaller value of the minimum distance between rowsand the minimum R is stoane inside the string . The difference between the distances between addresses when J is 1, is 2m-2asdistance within a row of dintrais 0, and when J is not equal to 1, is equal to the difference between the distance within a row of dintraand the minimum distance between rows.

This can be expressed as follows:

Since N=2m×J, 2min equation (3) is replaced by N/J, from which it follows:

When J=3 in equation (4) the difference between the distances between locations is minimized. Therefore,

Table 1 below illustrates the changes in the distances between the addresses read with increasing m when N=384. When J=3, the maximum difference between the distances between addresses is minimized, 64, and the minimum distance between locations dminmaximized, 128.

Table 1
NmJdintradintermindmin
3844241636034416
5 123233630432
666428822464
7312819264128

The above-described method of determining optimal parameters of the interleaver with N=2m×J. Below describes how to determine the optimal parameters of the interleaver with N=2m×J+R. Here R is the remainder of dividing N by 2m. Therefore, R is a positive integer lower than 2m.

Figure 3 illustrates the H-OPB interleaving when N=408, m=7, J=3 and R≠ 0. According to figure 3, similarly to the case where R=0, the matrix is rotated with row after step 302 is read as an address read by rows from top to bottom, each line is read from left to right, as shown in step 303. Since R≠ 0, then the number of columns is equal to J+1, and rooms made only in R rows (J+1)-th column, the remaining (2m-R) rows of numbers are missing.

In fact, when R≠ 0 the sequence of addresses read is formed by permuting the rows of the matrix 2m×J, where each line contains J or J+1 elements in H-OPB-interleaver. Matrix rearranged rows read row by row from top to bottom in each row is read from left to right.

Additionally, when R≠ 0 the parameters of the interleaver m and J is defined so that the minimum distance between locations read was maximized, and the difference between the distances between addresses reading was minimized.

The distance between the rows of dinteris a function of m, 2mregardless of whether R=0 or R≠ 0. However, while at R=0 the minimum distance between rowsis a function of m and J, with R≠ 0 it is a function of m, J and R

The minimum distance between rows is determined in accordance with J through equation (5) and equation (6).

When J=1,

When J≠ 1,

Figure 4 illustrates the derivation of the equation (6) with m=7 and J=3. According to figure 4, with 0≤ R<2m-lthe line spacing between two adjacent rows having a length of string drowequal to 2m-lwhile the last column in the top row is empty, is the minimum distance between rowsWhen 2m-1R<3·2m-2the distance between rows between two adjacent rows having a length of string drow,equal to 2m-2,thus the last column of the top row is empty, is the minimum distance between the at rows

If 3· 2m-2R<2mthe line spacing between two adjacent rows having a length of string drowequal to 2m-2,and the elements in the last column, is the minimum distance between rowsFor example, if R=0, the minimum distance between rows is equal to 192, as indicated by the reference position 401. If R=64(2m-1), the minimum distance between rows is equal to 288, as specified by the reference position 402. If R=96(3· 2m-2), the minimum distance between rows is equal to 320, as indicated by the reference position 403. Equation (5) can be derived similarly for J=1.

Table 2 below illustrates the changes in the parameters of the interleaver J and R, the distance within a row of dintrathe minimum distance between rowsand a minimum distance between the address read dminin respect of the six dimensions of packages encoder (PC), in accordance with the specification of IS-2000, issue C.

As described above, similarly to the case where R=0, selects the optimal settings alternation that maximize the minimum distance between locations and minimize the difference between the distances between addresses.

In table 2 the minimum distance between the address of the mi read d minin the eighth column is the smaller of the distances within a row of dintraand the minimum distance between rows. Therefore, the parameters that maximize the minimum distance between the address read dmincan be obtained by selecting the rows that have the maximum value in the eighth column. For dimensions PC 2328 and 3864 three rows and two rows satisfy this condition. In this case, should be selected rows that satisfy another condition of minimizing the difference between the addresses read. They are bold and underlined in table 2. The validity (truth) of this condition is evident when comparing strings with maximum dminin the function n(dminin the last column. Here n(dmin) specifies the number of address pairs that have the minimum distance between locations dmin.

The lines highlighted in bold and underlined in table 2, satisfy the two conditions for the choice of optimum parameters of the interleaver specified above. As noted, if the second condition is satisfied, the first condition is satisfied obviously. For information, it is clear that the distance in row dintraand the minimum distance between rowslisted in the tables is 2, equal calculated by H-OPB pererezannym addresses are read. Table 2 covers the case of dividing N by 2mor J without residue and a case of dividing N by 2mor J with remainder R (i.e., N=2m×J+R(0≤ R<2m)). Here the parameters of the interleaver in bold and underlined are optimal for each size PC.

Table 3 lists the optimal parameters of the interleaver for each size of the interleaver N, when N=2m×(J-1)+R(0≤ R<2m), i.e., N is divisible by 2mor J or without a remainder, or residue R. the Description made in the context of J, can also be used when replacing J (J-1).

Table 3
NmJR
4087424
7928424
15609424
2328103280
309610424
38641121816

The description above provides a method for selecting parameters of the interleaver, which, it is proposed shall be presumed, provide the best efficiency when using, for example, channel interleaver arranged in accordance with the specification IS-2000 release a/b, and subpackage channel interleaver arranged in accordance with the specification of IS-2000, issue C.

As described above, when forming the address read in channel interleaver optimal parameters of the interleaver are the parameters that maximize the distance between locations and simultaneously minimizing the difference between the distances between addresses. Therefore, the parameters of the interleaver for subpackage channel interleave when linking subpackage channel interleaver in accordance with the specification IS-2000 release C are the values in the rows with bold and underlined in table 2. Although the choice of the parameters of the interleaver has been described for subpackage channel interleaver arranged in accordance with the specification IS-2000 release, it is obvious that the same idea can be used also in relation to other standards.

6 is a flowchart explaining the operation of determining the optimal parameters of the interleaver according to a variant implementation of the present invention. In particular, this operation is associated with calculation. Computing with varying parameters (m, J)selects the optimal parameters (m, J)that minimizes parameters

According to Fig.6, when the step 601 is set to the size of the interleaver N and the parameters m and J, at step 603 the parameter R is calculated by subtracting the 2m×J of N. At step 605 determines whether J unit (1). As a consequence, determine whether the matrix interleave single column. If J is equal to 1, then the procedure goes to step 607 (branch “Yes” of step 605 decision) and if J is not equal to 1, then the procedure goes to step 621 (branch “No” of step 605 decision). At step 607 determines whether R is zero (0) (i.e., whether N is an integer multiple of 2m). Conversely, if R is equal to 0 (branch “Yes” of step 607 decision), then at step 609 the distance within a row of dintrais set to 0. If R is not equal to 0 (branch “No” of step 607 decision), then at step 617 dintraset in 2m.

After determining dintraat step 611 is defined, is there less R than 3× 2m-2. If R is less than 3× 2m-2(branch “Yes” of step 611 decision), then at step 613 the minimum distance between rowsset in 2m-2. If R is equal to or greater than 3× 2m-2(branch “No” of step 611 decision), then h is the step 619 set in 2m-1.After definingat step 615 is calculated.

However, if at step 605 it is determined that J is not equal to 1, then at step 621 dintraset in 2mand at step 623 is defined, is there less R than 2m-l. If R is less than 2m-1(branch “Yes” of step 623 decision), then at step 625is set to (2J-3)× 2m-1and then, the procedure proceeds to step 615. If R is equal to or greater than 2m-1(branch “No” of step 623 decision), then at step 627 is defined, is there less R than 3× 2m-2. If R is less than 3× 2m-2(branch “Yes” of step 627 decision), then at step 629set in the (4J-3)× 2m-2. If R is equal to or greater than 3× 2m-2(branch “No” of step 627 decision), then at step 631is set to (2J-1)× 2m-1and then, the procedure proceeds to step 615.

The optimal parameters of the interleaver m and J are obtained for a given N by calculatingwhen changing (m, J). If J is one of the values 1, 2 and 3, it can be deduced logical formula, providing the choice of J without multiple calculations.

Lowering the output of the logical uravnenii is, below is a logical equation.

The optimal parameter m is calculated from the optimal parameter, J, is obtained from equation (7), as follows:

According to Fig.7, the following briefly describes the choice of optimal parameters of the interleaver specified by simple logical equations.

1. For a given N, the optimal parameter J is obtained by equation (7), and

2. The parameter m is calculated by equation (8) using N and J.

7 is a flowchart explaining the operation of determining the optimal parameters of the interleaver according to another variant implementation of the present invention.

According to Fig.7, when set to N, at step 701 calculates the variable α throughvariable β through. At step 703, the decision is determined, less if α the first threshold value, 0,5849625. If α less than the first threshold value (branch “Yes” of step 703 decision), then at step 705 decision making; the adoption of other decisions, is there less N than β . If N is equal to or greater than β (branch “No” of step 705 decision), then the procedure goes to step 707. On the contrary, if N is less the β (branch “Yes” of step 705 decision), then at step 713 J is determined equal to 3.

Meanwhile, at step 707 decision is determined, is there less N than (3/2)× β . If N is less than (3/2)× β (branch “Yes” of step 707 decision), then at step 711 J is determined equal to 2. Otherwise, at step 709 J is defined as equal to 1 (branch “No” of step 707 decision).

If at step 703 it is determined that α equal to or greater than the first threshold value (branch “No” of step 703 decision), then at step 717 a decision is a decision, is there less N than (3/2)× β . If N is less than (3/2)× β (branch “Yes” of step 717 decision), then at step 721 J is determined equal to 2. Otherwise, at step 719, the decision is determined, is there less N than (7/4)× β . If N is less than (7/4)× β (branch “Yes” of step 719 decision), then at step 723 J is determined equal to 3. Otherwise, at step 725 J is defined as equal to 1 (branch “No” of step 719 decision).

As described above, the optimal parameters m and J can be computed simply by logical equations using N. the Optimal m and J is equal to m and J, the resulting multiple calculations using different values of (m, J), as illustrated by table 2. This eliminates the need to store the optimal values of m and J correspond to the values n

For example, when N=2328 optimal values of m and J is calculated through a procedure illustrated in Fig.7, or by means of equations (8) through (10) as follows:

For information, equation (7) is derived as follows.

In each case, with the description of 6, equations (5) and equation (6),is defined as follows.

A. When J=1,

B. When J≠ 1,

Since N=2m·J+R and 0≤ R<2mthen J·2mN<(J+1)·2m. After dividing this expression for J and taking from the expressions of the base-2 logarithm,

Therefore,. Using, J can be expressed as a function of N for all the cases a and B.

And’. When J=1, sinceTherefore, cases a-1, a-2 and a-3 can be expressed as a function of N. it follows:

Then the cases B-1, b-2 and b-3 can be expressed as a function of N instead of R. Therefore,

If j is equal to 4 or more, this case is not considered as in any of the cases where J=1, 2, and 3may not be less than.

Equation (7) is obtained by selecting from a’-1, A’-2, And -3, B ' -1, B ' -2, B -3, B”’-1’, B”’-2’ and B”’-3’ case, in which the expressionis the minimum.

Similarly, equation (8) is obtained by selecting from a’-1, A’-2, And -3, B ' -1, B ' -2, B -3, B”’-1”, B”’-2” and B”’-3” case, in which you shall agenie is the minimum.

According to variants of implementation of the present invention, as described above, the parameters of the interleaver m and J just optimized in accordance with the size N of the interleaver for H-OPB alternations.

Although the invention has been illustrated and described in relation to certain preferred embodiments, for specialists in the art it is obvious that, not away from the essence and scope of the invention may be made various changes in form and details, as defined by the attached claims.

1. Interleaver sequentially configures columns of the input data stream of size N in a matrix with 2mrows (J-1) columns and R rows in the J-th column, alternating with partial reverse the order of bits (H-OPB) configured data and reading peremerzanie data by rows, N, m, J and R are set as follows:

2. The method of determining parameters for the interleaver in the communication system, namely, that consistently configure the columns of the input data stream of size N in a matrix with 2mrows (J-1) columns and R rows in the J-th column, with 0≤R<2m, alternating with partial reverse the order of bits (H-OPB) is configured on the data form and the resa reader to read by rows perenesennyj data calculate the first minimum distance between locations, indicating adjacent columns in a single row in the generated addresses are read, calculate a second minimum distance between locations, indicates the last column of a row, and the address indicating the first column of the next line in the generated addresses reading, and repeating the steps of configuring, H-OPB interleave, calculating a first minimum distance and calculating a second minimum distance until, until you have determined the values of m and J that minimizes the difference between the first minimum distance and the second minimum distance.

3. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the parameters N, m, J and R are defined as follows:

4. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the second minimum distance determined according to the following equations:

5. The method of determining parameters for the interleaver in the communication system, namely, that consistently configure the columns of the input data stream of size N in a matrix with 2mrows (J-1) columns and R rows in the last column, with 0≤R<2m, alternating with partial reverse the order of bits (H-OPB) configured data and for irout read address for reading the rows perenesennyj data calculate the first minimum distance between locations, indicating adjacent columns in a single row in the generated addresses are read, calculate a second minimum distance between locations, indicates the last column of a row, and the address indicating the first column of the next line in the generated addresses reading, and repeating the steps of configuring, H-OPB interleave, calculating a first minimum distance and calculating a second minimum distance until, until you have determined the values of m and J that minimizes the first minimum distance and the second minimum distance.



 

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FIELD: coding in communication systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed partial reverse bit-order interleaver (P-RBO) functions to sequentially column-by-column configure input data stream of size N in matrix that has 2m lines and (J - 1) columns, as well as R lines in J column, to interleave configured data, and to read out interleaved data from lines.

EFFECT: optimized interleaving parameters complying with interleaver size.

4 cl, 7 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: communication systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed interleaver with partial reverse order of bits provides for sequential column-by-column configuring of size N input data stream in matrix that has 2m lines and J - 1 columns, as well as R lines in column J, interleaving of configured data, and line-by-line reading of interleaved data.

EFFECT: optimized parameters of interleaver.

5 cl, 7 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: communications engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method includes continuously controlling quality of communication channel, on basis of results of which value of depth of alternation of word symbols of interference-resistant code is selected, interference-resistant code symbols alternation, interference-resistant code words and information packet, composed of symbols of several interference-resistant code words is transferred to communication channel, on receiving side symbols are shifted back as they were and words of interference-resistant code are reproduced, while average number of errors in interference-resistant code words is estimated, and selective dispersion of errors number in interference-resistant code words of received information packet is determined, and after receiving another information packet alteration of previous value of alternation depth is performed on basis of deviation of selective dispersion of errors allocation in words of received information packet from dispersion of binomial allocation law.

EFFECT: higher trustworthiness of information receipt and decreased time of information receipt delay.

FIELD: communications engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed interleaving device and method are designed for evaluating new size N' = 2mx(j + 1) of interleaver and addresses from 0 to N - 1 in case desired size N of interleaver is greater than 2mxj and smaller than 2mx(j + 1), where m is first parameter pointing to number of serial zero bits from least significant bit (LSB) to most significant bit (MSB); j is second parameter corresponding to decimal value of bits other than serial zero bits. These interleaving device and method provide for saving N bits of input data in interleaver memory with new interleaver size N' from 0 address to N - 1 address. Then interleaving device and method execute interleaving involving partial bit reversal operations (PBRO) in memory with new interleaver size N' and read data out of memory by erasing addresses corresponding to addresses N to N' - 1 prior to interleaving.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of interleaver memory.

10 cl, 6 dwg, 7 tbl

FIELD: communication systems for high-speed burst data transfer.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method and device are intended for receiving interleaved data and reading recorded characters by way of interleaving in mobile communication system receiver and provide for simultaneous decoding of set of sub-blocks. Interleaved coding burst has m value of bit shift, upper limiting value J, and residue R; character stream of coding burst is recorded in column-line order and in the process intermediate addresses is generated by inverting bit order assuming that residue R equals 0 for characters received; address correction factors are calculated for correcting intermediate address including column produced with residue; read address is generated by adding intermediate address to address correction factor for desired character decoding; character recorded in generated reading address is read out.

EFFECT: enhanced decoding and data transfer speed.

32 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: method for receiving/transmitting control signal in client block of wireless communication system.

SUBSTANCE: in the method, signal of first channel is modulated with usage of first short Walsh code, modulated signal of second channel is added to control signal, total signal and modulated signal of first channel are multiplied by complex pseudo-noise code. Usage of short orthogonal codes ensures suppression of mutual interferences, which is inherent in ground-based wireless systems. A set of sub-channel codes is formed using four mutually orthogonal short Walsh codes, but usage of longer codes is acceptable. It is preferred that control data is transferred through first transmission channel, and power control data is transferred through second transmission channel. Length, and number of elements, in each channel code may be different, to additionally reduce ratio of peak transmission power to average transmission power during transmission at higher speeds.

EFFECT: increased efficiency.

6 cl, 14 dwg, 7 tbl

FIELD: encoding technology for communication systems, in particular, turbo-decoders.

SUBSTANCE: in accordance to the invention, turbo-code interleaving device (100), which uses linear congruent series, may be used as two-dimensional interleaving device (16) in turbo-coder (10), which also contains first and second composite coders (12, 14). Interleaving device (16) and first coder (12) are made with possible receipt of input bits. First coder (12) creates output symbols (22, 24) using aforementioned bits. Interleaving device (16) receives input bits (20) serially and row-wise. Algorithm for recursion of linear congruent series in interleaving device (16) is used for pseudo-random ordering, or shuffling, bits in each row of interleaving device (16). Bits (26) are then outputted from interleaving device serially and column-wise. Second coder (14) is made with possible receipt of interleaving bits from interleaving device. Second coder (14) creates output symbols (28) using these bits. Two streams of output symbols (22, 24) are multiplexed together with appropriate puncturing. If required, linear congruent recursive series may be generated in special form. Also, if needed, method for inversion of bits may be used in interleaving device (16) for ordering, or shuffling, rows of interleaving device (16).

EFFECT: increased probability of error correction.

6 cl, 3 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: communications engineering, methods for packet transmission of messages, possible use for transferring discontinuous information protected with interference-resistant code.

SUBSTANCE: in accordance to the invention, at transmitting side a message is divided onto blocks, length of which is equal to number of packets in a message, each block is encoded with interference-resistant code, block interleaving of interference-resistant code symbols is performed at interleaving depth equal to packet length, then symbols of interference-resistant code are divided onto packets in such a way, that each code symbol is positioned in its own packet, while in each packet control group is created for detection of errors, and then packets are transmitted to receiving side through a multidimensional route. At receiving side control group is checked for each packet, and packets with found errors are deleted, deinterleaving of symbols in received packets is performed, interference-resistant code is generated, which is then decoded with correction of deletions and received message is produced. As interference-resistant code, Reed-Solomon code is used.

EFFECT: reduced message delivery time.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: physics, radio.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of radio engineering, in particular, to class of data interleavers. Device contains memory unit, which represents delay line with length of (I-1)×(I-1)×M with (1-1) taps, where (I-1) - interleaver depth, M - unit delay, multiplexer, control device arranged in the form of counter, which works at the frequency of input pulses.

EFFECT: simplification of realisation and reduction of device computational complexity.

1 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: for the received distorted code implementation of a turbo-code with recursive convolutional code components, syndrome sequences are calculated for each code component. After that localised syndromes are determined, and, using a procedure for generating a secondary class of error vectors, the error vector with minimum weight (metric) is determined during decoding with a "solid" solution, and during decoding with a "soft" solution, an error vector with the maximum modified metric (most probable error) is selected.

EFFECT: increase authenticity of decoding, reduced device and computational complexity and realisation of an optimum decoding procedure.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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