Refrigerator

FIELD: domestic refrigerators.

SUBSTANCE: refrigerator comprises thermally insulated chamber, cooling device with a cooler, additional cooling device with the additional cooler mounted inside the thermally insulated chamber for direct cooling of products, and temperature controller. The additional cooling device is provided with a working unit which comprises reference-input element, actuator, control device, and controlled pressure-tight passages which are used for circulating coolant cooled by ambient air and pass through the wall of the chamber. The passages are the inlet and outlet for the additional coolant and are directly in communication with the ambient air which circulates in the space of the additional cooler and is cut-off by means of the control device and actuator.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

25 cl, 21 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of cooling and maintaining the required temperature in a limited volume at a certain temperature outdoor environment without the use of additional electricity or with little use of electricity.

Known refrigerator and the method of operation of the refrigerator, as described in the application for the invention Russia “Refrigerator” No. 94005794, F 25 D 11/00, 1/00, Appl. 18.02.94, publ. 20.10.95 (see a copy of the description).

In the known low-temperature refrigerator and the cooling chamber is made with a through channel to which is mounted a nozzle which is connected with the external environment, equipped with filter dust collector and the butterfly is made with full and partial opening and closing.

In a known method further cooling of refrigeration and cooling chambers is the outside air supplied through the through channel inlet with dampers and filter dust collector and mixing with air of low temperature and cooling chambers.

However, this solution is designed to cool the air inside the chambers, has a drawback: outside air getting into the low temperature and the cooling chamber, where the products for cooling, dries them, undermining their taste. In addition, the filter is an obstacle is for the passage of external air, and growing as a clogged filter, so you can not do without the forced photocourtesy, and thus additional energy costs. If the cell filter "large" and do not provide significant resistance to the flow of external air, the filter will be ineffective from the point of view of air purification.

Famous underground refrigerator and the way it works, is described in the patent of Russia “Underground refrigerator No. 2129190, F 25 D 13/00, E 02 D 29/00, B 65 G 5/00, Appl. 05.05.95, publ. 20.04.99 (see a copy of the description).

In the famous underground refrigerator, comprising a chamber, its walls, insulating layer, a system of seasonal cooling, between the insulating layer and the chamber walls stacked intermediate layer of moistened material with a specific freezing point.

In a known method further cooling chamber by using an intermediate layer of moist material, completely frozen in winter, gradually activeuser summer, from the surrounding warmer soil, not reaching thawing the walls of the chamber, reducing the rate of energy expenditure by use of the winter stock cold in the summer.

However, this solution is designed to cool the air inside the chambers, has the disadvantage that the cooling of the air occurs in the battery the AI is cold in the winter period, that is, the cooling process is extended in time, at least for a season, and not suitable for ordinary household refrigerators.

The known method of operation described in the author's certificate of the USSR “air conditioning” No. 1161791, F 24 F 1/02, Appl. 10.02.84, publ. 15.06.85 (see a copy of the description).

In the known method additional cooling air is due to the forced purge through the heat exchanger with fan, cold outdoor air, mixing with the air.

In a known air conditioner, comprising a housing with two compartments, the first compartment is in communication with the atmosphere through a recuperative heat exchanger channel with diverter device in the form of louvers located at the outlet of the channel in the atmosphere, at the entrance to the first compartment has a temperature sensor, outdoor air, coupled with fan made reversible.

However, this solution for cooling air, has a drawback: additional cooling air is due to the forced purge through the heat exchanger with fan, cold outdoor air, mixing with the air, which complicates the principle of cooling and does not reduce energy consumption.

The known method of operation of schools is RA, described in the author's certificate of the USSR “air conditioning” No. 1413367, F 24 F 1/02.

In a known method further cooling of the air at the expense of forced circulation of the cooling medium is ambient air and cooling medium, which is taken in a special channel, passes through a heat exchanger cooled by a cooled environment, not being mixed with it, and other special channel is returned to the room.

In the known air-conditioning heat exchanger is combined with the evaporator, and they are placed outdoors, where it is necessary to conduct the removal of excess heat.

However, this solution for cooling air, has a drawback: additional cooling air is outside, where the air is. Forced circulation necessary for cooling medium and cooling medium, which complicates the principle of cooling and increases energy consumption.

The closest to the technical nature of the claimed group of inventions that characterize variants of the cooler and method of cooling and maintaining the temperature in the refrigerator, the invention is known from the application FR No. 2276545, F 25 D 11/02, 1976.

Known from the prior art refrigerator, as stated under item 1, formula, comprises a heat-insulated chamber, a cooling device with a cooling additional cooling unit with optional cooler placed in the insulated chamber for direct cooling of the products within it.

Implemented using known refrigerator method of cooling and maintaining the temperature of the air in the refrigerator includes the transfer of cold from the environment cooler air in the chamber.

A disadvantage of the known device is the low performance of the refrigerator, a shorter lifetime of the refrigerator.

Objective of the claimed group of inventions is to increase the cooling capacity of the refrigerator, reduced energy consumption, increased service life, increase the usable area of the premises.

The technical result consists in the elimination of these shortcomings in the refrigerator containing closed insulated chamber, a cooling device with a cooling additional cooling unit with optional cooler placed in the insulated chamber for direct cooling of the products within it, is achieved by the fact that it is equipped with temperature controller, an additional cooling device has a working unit, including unit, the actuating device is in and regulating device, and passing through the wall of the chamber sealed adjustable channels for circulation of the medium cooled by the external air, which is the entrance and exit of the additional cooler, communicating directly with the outside air circulating in the cavity of the additional cooler and overlapping regulatory device with actuating devices.

The refrigerator is installed in a building wall on the border between the outer environment and location so that a portion of the outer surface of the insulated chamber is in contact with the air, and part of it with outside air.

Additional cooler is made in the form of a membrane.

Additional cooler is made in the form of a tubular cavity of the heat-conducting materials for circulation in her outdoor air.

The tubular cavity of the heat-conducting materials combined with cooler cooling unit.

Unit work unit consists of an inner and outer containers with non-freezing fluid, the actuating device consists of a rod of the inner receptacle, the rod outer vessel, the Cam of the inner receptacle, the Cam outer tank roller, plunger, tensioner, the regulating device consists of two valves associated with each other for parallel operation, one of which opens and closes the entrance updat the additional cooler, and the other opens and closes the exit. Unit work unit consists of an inner and outer containers with non-freezing fluid, the actuating device consists of a rod of the inner receptacle, the rod outer vessel, the compensator slide, the Cam of the inner container, roller, roller compensator, pusher, tensioner, the regulating device consists of two valves associated with each other for parallel operation, one of which opens and closes the entrance of additional cooler, and the other opens and closes the exit. Unit work unit consists of two temperature sensors outside and inside, the actuator has two-channel control unit, the regulating device consists of two valves, one of which opens and closes the entrance of additional cooler, and the other opens and closes the exit.

Unit work unit consists of two temperature sensors outside and inside, the Executive unit has an adaptive control unit, the regulating device consists of two valves, one of which opens and closes the entrance of additional cooler, and the other opens and closes the exit. Unit work unit consists of two temperature sensors outside and inside, the actuator has dvuhkanal the second control unit, the regulating device consists of a block of forced circulation, installed on one of the regulated channels additional cooler.

Unit work unit consists of two temperature sensors outside and inside, the actuator consists of an adaptive control unit, the regulating device consists of a block of forced circulation, installed on one of the regulated channels additional cooler.

The technical result consists in the elimination of these shortcomings in the refrigerator according to the second variant, containing closed insulated chamber, a cooling device with a cooling additional cooling unit with optional cooler placed in the insulated chamber for direct cooling of the products within it, is due to the fact that it is equipped with temperature controller, an additional cooling device has an operating unit, including the unit, the Executive unit, and a regulating device, a container with a non-freezing liquid cooling medium that is installed outside the building and in turn cooled by the external air, an additional cooler is made in the form of a tube of heat-conductive material, associated with the formation of the closed-loop system with the capacity of the non-freezing liquid cooling medium at least two tubular elements, role of regulated channels to circulate a non-freezing liquid cooling medium cooled by the external air, which is the entrance and exit of the additional cooler and overlapping regulatory device with actuating devices.

The refrigerator is installed in a building wall on the border between the outer environment and location so that a portion of the outer surface of the insulated chamber is in contact with the air, and part of it with outside air.

Tube made of heat-conducting materials combined with cooler cooling unit.

Unit work unit consists of an inner tank with a non-freezing liquid, the actuator has a piston rod of the inner receptacle, and a regulating device installed on one of the regulated channels.

Unit work unit consists of a sensor internal temperature control device has a limit control unit, and a regulating device installed on one of the regulated channels.

Unit work unit consists of two temperature sensors outside and inside, the actuator has two-channel control unit and the regulating device has a block of forced circulation and installed on one of the regulated channels.

Unit desktop unit which consists of two temperature sensors outside and inside, the actuating device has an adaptive control unit and the regulating device has a block of forced circulation and installed on one of the regulated channels.

The technical result consists in the elimination of these shortcomings in the method of cooling and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber of the refrigerator, which consists in the transfer of cold from the environment cooler air in the chamber is due to the fact that cooling and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber additionally carry out medium circulating in the cavity of the additional cooler installed in the camera, not mixing with the air in the chamber and cooled by the external air.

The circulation of the medium cooled by the external air - natural. The circulation of the medium cooled by the external air is forced.

Circulating additional cooler environment is outdoor air.

Circulating additional cooler environment is non-freezing fluid.

The closest analogue to the claimed group of inventions describing a method of controlling operation of the refrigerator, the invention is known from A. C. SU # 467214, F 25 D 29/00, 1975, characterizing a device for climate control in the refrigeration chamber, implements a method of controlling the operation of the refrigerator is, including the exercise of control by the temperature controller for enabling and disabling the cooler, and a work unit an additional cooling device for enabling and disabling the cooler, and a work unit an additional cooling device for enabling and disabling an additional cooler, with the medium cooled by the external air so that the temperature controller set a certain working range of the temperature of the chiller. The upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller determines the switching on of the cooler, and the lower limit of the working temperature interval its inclusion, a work unit is assigned a specific working temperature interval additional cooler.

The disadvantage of the prior art, the invention is a low cooling capacity of the refrigerator, low life, not economical use of usable area of the premises. Objective of the claimed group of inventions is to improve the performance of the refrigerator while reducing energy consumption, improving the operational capabilities of the refrigerator, to increase the overall service life of the refrigerator, to increase the usable area of the premises, which is used refrigerator.

The technical result consists in eliminate the above disadvantages in the method of controlling the operation of the refrigerator in the first embodiment, consisting in the exercise of control by the temperature controller for enabling and disabling the cooler, and a work unit an additional cooling device for enabling and disabling an additional cooler, with the medium cooled by the external air so that the temperature controller set a certain working range of the temperature of the chiller, while the upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller determines the switching on of the cooler, and the lower limit of the working temperature interval it off, a work unit is assigned a specific working temperature interval additional cooling is achieved by the fact that the upper value of the working temperature interval additional cooler determines when the inclusion of an additional chiller and configured below the upper limit of the working interval coolant temperature, but above the lower limit of the working range of temperature of the chiller, and the lower value of the working temperature interval additional cooler defines the moment of switching off the additional cooler and configured below the lower limit of the operating range of the chiller temperature, when the temperature of the air in the chamber to the upper limit of operating range lower value of the working interval tempera is URS additional cooler work unit disables the optional cooler, stopping transmission of the cold into the chamber through an additional chiller when the temperature of the air in the chamber a working unit again includes an additional cooler and turns off when the temperature drops, repeating such cycles as long as the outdoor temperature becomes higher than the upper value of the working temperature interval additional cooler, after which the temperature of the air in the chamber will rise to the upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller and will again be switched on and off cooler, repeating such cycles until the outside temperature drops and the unit of work will begin again to enable and disable the additional cooler.

The technical result consists in the elimination of these shortcomings in the method of controlling the refrigerator according to the second variant of the refrigerator, which consists in the exercise of control by the temperature controller for enabling and disabling the cooler, and a work unit an additional cooling device for enabling and disabling an additional cooler, with the medium cooled by the external air, so that the temperature controller set a certain working range of the temperature of the chiller, while the upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller ODA which determines the moment of switching on of the cooler, and the lower limit of the working temperature interval it off, a work unit is assigned a specific working temperature interval additional cooling is achieved due to the fact that the upper value of the working temperature interval additional cooler determines when the inclusion of an additional chiller and configured below the upper limit of the working range of temperature of the chiller, but above the lower limit of the working range of temperature of the chiller, the lower the value of the working temperature interval additional cooler defines the moment of switching off the additional cooler and configured below the lower limit of the working range of temperature of the chiller, when the temperature of the air in the chamber to the upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller the chiller is turned on and passes the cold the air in the chamber, cooling it to a lower limit of the working range of temperature of the chiller, wherein the cooler is completing work on lowering the temperature of the external air to the upper values of the working temperature interval additional cooler the unit of work includes additional cooler, which passes cold air in the chamber with further lowering of temperature of external air, as the temperature of the air in the chamber lower the working temperature interval additional cooler, work unit disables an additional chiller when the temperature of the air in the chamber the unit of work will again include additional cooler and off when it drops repeating such cycles as long as the outdoor temperature becomes higher than the upper value of the working temperature interval additional cooler, after which the temperature of the air in the chamber will rise to the upper limit of the working temperature interval cooler, and will again be switched on and off cooler, repeating such cycles until the outside temperature drops, and the unit of work will begin again to enable or disable the additional cooler, and in the area of outside temperatures exceeding the upper value of the working temperature interval additional cooler, the unit of work includes additional chiller when the temperature of the air in the chamber to values greater than the value of the outside temperature, and turns off the additional cooler when the temperature in the chamber to values equal to or below the values of the outside temperature.

The applicant considers that the claimed “the Refrigerator, cooling method and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber of a refrigerator, the method of controlling the refrigerator is” meet the criteria of Bratteli level.

The claimed “the Refrigerator, cooling method and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber of a refrigerator, the method of controlling the operation of the refrigerator can be widely used in refrigeration, therefore, meet the criterion of industrial applicability.

The essence of the proposed “Refrigerator, a method of cooling and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber of a refrigerator, the method of controlling the refrigerator is” illustrated by drawings, where:

figure 1 is a General diagram of the refrigerator;

figure 2 is a General diagram of the camera of the refrigerator with additional cooling in the form of a membrane for a cooling - outside air;

figure 3 - the same, with additional cooling in the form of a tubular cavity;

figure 4 - scheme of combining additional cooler in the form of a tubular cavity with the cooler;

figure 5 - diagram of the liquid-mechanical work unit for a cooling - outside air;

figure 6 - diagram of the liquid-mechanical unit of work with a compensator for a cooling - outside air;

figure 7 - scheme of work unit with two-channel control unit for a cooling - outside air;

on Fig - scheme of work unit with an adaptive control unit for a cooling - outside air;

figure 9 - diagram of the working unit with dual channel block is m and control unit with a forced circulation of the coolant environment outdoor air;

figure 10 - diagram of the working unit with an adaptive control unit and with unit circulation for cooling - outside air;

figure 11 is a General diagram of a refrigerator with an additional cooler in the form of a tube with a non-freezing liquid environment;

on Fig diagram combining cooler with additional cooling in the form of a tube;

on Fig diagram of the liquid-mechanical unit of work for additional chiller with cooling liquid non-freezing environment;

on Fig - scheme of work unit with limit control unit for the cooling liquid non-freezing environment;

on Fig - scheme of work unit with two-channel control unit and with unit forced circulation of the coolant liquid non-freezing environment;

on Fig - scheme of work unit with an adaptive control unit and with unit forced circulation of the coolant liquid non-freezing environment;

on Fig diagram of the dual channel control unit;

on Fig diagram of the adaptive side management;

on Fig diagram of a limit control unit;

on Fig - graphic scheme of the refrigerator with the inclusion of an additional cooler when TNV<Ddon;

on Fig - graphic scheme of the refrigerator with the inclusion of an additional cooler when TNV<TC.

Refrigerator 1 set the flax in the opening of the outer wall 2 of the building (structure) and has a thermally insulated chamber 3, containing the cooling device 4, the temperature controller 5, an additional cooling device 6 (Fig. 1).

Insulated chamber 3, from inside buildings (indoor), closes the door (cover) 7. In the wall 8 insulated chamber 3, is placed outside the building is sealed adjustable channels 9 for circulation of cooling medium (figure 1).

The cooling device 4 is a refrigeration unit 10 (in the example of performance of the refrigeration unit includes a compressor, a condenser, an adjustable valve)installed outside of thermally insulated chamber 3, and the cooler 11 (in the example of execution of the evaporator is mounted inside the insulated chamber 3, which are involved in the work and disengaging from work by the signal of the temperature controller 5 (Fig 1).

Additional cooling device 6 for refrigerator 1 according to the first embodiment includes an additional cooler 12, housed in a thermally insulated chamber 3 so that the adjustable channels 9 are input and output additional cooler 12, a work unit 13 additional cooling unit 6, unit 14, the execution unit 15, the control apparatus 16 (Fig 1).

Additional cooler 12, in the first embodiment, can be made in the form of a special membrane 17 from th the conductive material, separating tightly as wall insulated chamber 3 into two parts - the cavity of the refrigerating chamber 18 with the cooler 11 and the additional cavity cooler 19. In the cavity of the additional cooler 19 to regulated channels 9 circulates outside air (figure 2).

Additional cooler 12 may be made in the form of a tubular cavity 20 of heat conducting material. In the tubular cavity 20 through regulated channels 9 circulates outside air (figure 3).

Tubular cavity 20 of heat conducting material, in turn, can be combined with the cooler 11 (figure 4).

Work unit 13 can contain unit 14 consisting of the inner 21 and outer 22 vessels with non-freezing fluid control device 15 consisting of a rod 23 of the inner container 21, the rod 24 of the outer container 22, the Cam 25 of the inner container 21, the Cam 26 of the outer container 22, the roller 27, the pusher 28, tensioner 29, the regulating device 16 consisting of two valves 30, 31 (flap 31 in Fig. 5 not shown), connected together for parallel operation, one of which opens and closes the inlet 32 of cooler 12, and the other opens and closes the exit 33 (exit 33 in Fig. 5 not shown) (figure 5).

Work unit 13 can contain unit 14 consisting of the inner 21 and outer 22 vessels with non-freezing liquid is awn, the Executive unit 15 consisting of a rod 23 of the inner container 21, the rod 24 of the outer container 22, compensator 34 slide 35, the Cam 25 of the inner container 21, the roller 27, the compensator roller 36, the pusher 28, tensioner 29, the regulating device 16 consisting of two valves 30, 31 (flap 31 in Fig. 6 is not shown), connected together for parallel operation, one of which opens and closes the inlet 32 of cooler 12, and the other opens and closes the exit 33 (exit 33 in Fig. 6 is not shown) (6).

Work unit 13 can contain unit 14 consisting of two temperature sensors 37 external and internal 38, the actuator 15 with two-channel control unit 39, the regulating device 16 consisting of two valves 30, 31, one of which opens and closes the inlet 32 of cooler 12, and the other opens and closes the exit 33 (Fig.7).

Work unit 13 can contain unit 14 consisting of two temperature sensors 37 external and internal 38, the actuator 15 with an adaptive control unit 40, the regulating device 16 consisting of two valves 30, 31, one of which opens and closes the inlet 32 of cooler 12, and the other opens and closes the exit 33 (Fig).

Work unit 13 can contain unit 14 consisting of two datacontainer 37 external and internal 38, the actuator 15 with two-channel control unit 39, the regulating device 16 with the block forced circulation 41 (in the example of execution of a fan)mounted on one of the regulated channels 9 additional cooler 12 (Fig.9).

Work unit 13 can contain unit 14 consisting of two temperature sensors 37 external and internal 38, the actuating device 15, with an adaptive control unit 40, the regulating device 16 with the block forced circulation 41 (in the example of execution of a fan installed on one of the regulated channels 9 additional cooler 12 (figure 10).

Additional cooling device 6 for refrigerator 1 according to the second variant contains a work unit 13 additional cooling unit 6, unit 14, the execution unit 15, the control apparatus 16, the container 42 with a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 installed on the outside wall 2 of the building. Additional cooler 12, housed in a thermally insulated chamber 3 made in the form of a tube 44 of conductive material associated with the formation of a closed system with a capacity of 42 with a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43, at least two tubular elements 45 role of regulated channels 9, which is sealed entry and exit additional is kladitis and overlapping regulating device 16 by using the actuator 15 to the signal generator 14 (11).

Additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 of the heat-conducting materials can be combined with the cooler 11 (Fig).

Work unit 13 contains unit 14 consisting of the inner container 46 with a non-freezing liquid, the actuator 15 with the rod 47 of the inner container 46, the regulating device 16 installed on one of the regulated channels 9 (Fig).

Work unit 13 can contain unit 14 consisting of a sensor internal temperature 38, the actuator 15 with the utmost control unit 48, the regulating device 16 installed on one of the regulated channels 9 (Fig).

Work unit 13 can contain unit 14 consisting of two temperature sensors 49 external and internal 38, the actuator 15 with two-channel control unit 39, the regulating device 16 with a block of forced circulation of 50 (in the example of execution of the pump)mounted on one of the regulated channels 9 (Fig).

Work unit 13 can contain unit 14 consisting of two temperature sensors 49 external and internal 38, the actuator 15 with an adaptive control unit 40, the regulating device 16 with a block of forced circulation of 50 (in the example of execution of the pump)mounted on one of the regulated channels 9 (Fig).

Two-channel control unit 39 contents the t of the contact group K1, K2 connected in serial electrical circuit and compares the elements C1, C2, each of which controls a specific contact group (C1-K1), (C2-K2), respectively (Fig).

The adaptive control unit 40 contains the contact group K1, K2, K3, United K1 and K2 in parallel, and short-circuit in series with the couple, includes comparing the elements C1, C2, C3, each of which controls a specific contact group (C1-K1), (C2-K2), (C3-K3), respectively (Fig).

Limit the control unit 48 includes a contact group K1 connected in serial circuit with comparing element C1, managing the contact group (S1-K1) (Fig).

The invention is implemented as follows, except for the transfer of cold from the cooling medium cooler 11 to the air in the chamber 3, the cooling and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber 3 advanced exercise, not mixing with the air in the chamber 3 and cooled by the external air environment, circulating in the cavity of the additional cooler 12, installed in the chamber 3. The circulation of the cooled outside air environment can be natural or forced. As circulating additional cooler 12 environment uses outside air or cooling liquid freezing medium.

The operation of the refrigerator 1 may be implemented controllers is the PRS temperature 5, ensuring enabling and disabling cooler 11 through the cooling unit 10, and a work unit 13 additional cooling device 6, for enabling and disabling an additional cooler 12 with the medium cooled by the external air, so that the temperature controller 5 specify the particular work temperature interval (Tkon-Doc) of the chiller 11, while the upper limit of the working temperature interval Tkon of the chiller 11 determines the time of its inclusion, and the lower limit of the working temperature interval Tkok of the chiller 11 determines when it is turned off, a work unit 13 define the specific working temperature interval (Tkde-Ddoc) additional cooler 12, while the upper value of the working temperature interval Ddon additional cooler 12 determines the time of its incorporation and is configured below the upper limit of the working temperature interval Tkon of the chiller 11, but above the lower limit of the working temperature interval Tkok operation of the cooler 11, the lower is the working temperature interval Ddoc additional cooler 12 determines when it is turned off and is configured below the lower limit of the working temperature interval Tkok of the chiller 11, when the temperature TC in the chamber 3 to the upper limit of the working interval te is the temperature of Tkon of the chiller 11, he, the cooler 11 is enabled and passes the cold air in the chamber 3, cooling it to a lower limit of the working temperature interval Tkok of the chiller 11, wherein the cooler 11 closes, and when the temperature drops outside air TNV to the upper values of the working temperature interval Ddon additional cooler 12 working unit 13 includes an additional cooler 12, which passes cold air in the chamber 3 with further lowering of temperature of external air TNV, as the temperature of the air in the chamber 3 lower the working temperature interval Ddoc additional cooler 12, a work unit 13 turns off the additional cooler 12, stopping the transmission of the cold into the chamber 3 through an auxiliary cooler 12, when the temperature TC in the chamber 3 work unit 13 will again include additional cooler 12, and disable it when it drops repeating such cycles as long as the outside temperature TNV will not be above the upper value of the working temperature interval Ddon additional cooler 12, after which the temperature TC in the chamber 3 will increase to the upper limit of the working temperature interval Tkon operation of the cooler 11 and again will turn on and off the cooler 11, repeating such cycles until the temperature outdoor air TNV will fall, and the working unit 13 will again begin to turn on and off additional cooler 12 (Fig).

The operation of the refrigerator 1 may be exercised by the temperature controller 5 provides the enabling and disabling of the cooler 11 through the cooling unit 10 and a work unit 13 additional cooling device 6, for enabling and disabling an additional cooler 12 with the medium cooled by the external air, similar to the way described above, but in the area of the external air temperature TNV exceeding the upper value of the working temperature interval Ddon additional cooler 12, a work unit 13 includes an additional cooler 12 and operates in the above described way, when the temperature TC in the chamber 3 to values greater than the value of the outdoor temperature TNV and off additional cooler 12 when the temperature TC in the chamber 3 to values equal to or lower values of the outdoor temperature TNV (Fig).

The control of the additional cooler 12 with a cooling medium is ambient air can carry out the work unit 13 without the use of electricity so that the signal generator 14, include in the job execution unit 15 and the regulating device 16 of the two valves 30, 31 associated with each other for parallel R the bots when this one opened the entrance 32 of cooler 12, and another 33 additional cooler 12 than provide natural circulation of outside air of low temperature on the additional cooler 12 and the desired temperature in the chamber 3.

When the temperature of outside air TNV amount of non-freezing liquid in the outer vessel 22 increases and displaces the rod 24, the hinge associated with the Cam 26 is moved through the roller 27 and the plunger 28 closes the valve 30 regardless of the position of the Cam 25. At low outdoor temperature TNV Cam 26 is in position, when the plunger 28 will move under the action of the Cam 25. When the temperature TC in the chamber 3 non-freezing liquid inside the vessel 21 will displace the piston rod 23 and moves the Cam 25 in a position in which the plunger 28 will allow the valve 30 to open under the action of the tensioner 29. When the temperature TC in the chamber 3, the piston rod 23 moves together with the Cam 25 will press the plunger and close the valve 30 (figure 5).

The control of the additional cooler 12 with a cooling medium is ambient air can carry out the work unit 13 without the use of electricity so that the signal generator 14, include in the job execution unit 15 with the compensator 34 and reguliruuschie device 16 of the two valves 30, 31, interconnected for parallel operation, with one open entrance 32 of cooler 12, and another 33 additional cooler 12 than provide natural circulation of outside air of low temperature on the additional cooler 12 and the desired temperature in the chamber 3.

When the temperature TC in the camera freezing the liquid inside the vessel 21 will displace the piston rod 23 and moves the Cam 25 in a position in which the compensator 34 and the plunger 28 will allow the valve 30 to open under the action of the tensioner 29. When lowering the temperature TC of the air in the chamber 3, the piston rod 23 of the inner container 21 will move together with the Cam 25 will press the plunger 28 through the compensator 34 and close the valve 30.

When the temperature of outside air TNV higher the temperature TC in the chamber 3 non-freezing liquid in the outer vessel 22 will displace the piston rod 24 will raise the slider 35 with compensator 34, which under the influence of the Cam 25 will be moved in the slide 35, through the roller 27 presses the plunger 28 and will close the valve 30. At low outdoor temperature TNV rod 24 of the outer container 22 together with the slide 35 and the expansion joint 34, which is moving together with the roller 27 and the plunger 28 to the fist 25 under the action of the tensioner 29 opens the valve 30.

When the temperature drops outside who is ear TNV below the set temperature TC in the chamber 3, the rod 24 will be drawn into the outer container 22, and the slide 35 will cease moving, reaching the lowest position (Fig.6).

The control of the additional cooler 12 with a cooling medium is ambient air can carry out the work unit 13 so that the signal generator 14 includes a job execution unit 15 with two-channel control unit 39 and the regulating device 16 of the two valves 30, 31, connected together for parallel operation, with one open entrance 32 of cooler 12, and another 33 additional cooler 12 than provide natural circulation of outside air of low temperature on the additional cooler 12 and the desired temperature TC in the chamber 3, with use electricity only for overlapping and (or) regulation of the flow circulating through the extra cooler 12 cooling medium, not peremestivsheesya environment chamber 3.

At high ambient temperature signal from the ambient temperature sensor 37 channel control unit 39 of the contact group K2 closes the power supply circuit of the regulating device 16, with the valve 30, 31 remain closed. After lowering the temperature of the outdoor air TNV below Ddon ambient temperature sensor 37 delivers a corresponding signal to the channel control unit 39, which con the akt group K2 closes the circuit part of the power regulating device 16, managed from the ambient temperature sensor 37. When the temperature TC in the chamber 3 above Ddoc sensor internal temperature of 38 the appropriate signal is received in the channel control unit 39, which closes the contact group K1 part of the power circuit of the regulating device 16, driven from the internal temperature sensor 38, and supplies power to the regulating device 16, which in turn will open the valve 30, 31. Cooler outside air will flow into the input channel 32 of cooler 12 and is heated, from the warmer air in the chamber 3, under the effect of free convection will rise in output channel 33. When the temperature TC in the chamber 3 sensor internal temperature 38 delivers a corresponding signal, and a channel control unit 39 stops the voltage supply to the regulating device 16, which in turn will close the valve 30, 31 (7).

The control of the additional cooler 12 with a cooling medium is ambient air can be a work unit 13 so that the signal generator 14 includes a job execution unit 15 with an adaptive control unit 40 and the regulating device 16 of the two valves 30, 31, connected together for parallel operation, with one open 32 Ni is sustained fashion cooler 12, and another 33 additional cooler 12 than provide natural circulation of outside air of low temperature on the additional cooler 12 and the desired temperature in the chamber 3, with use electricity only for blocking and / or throttling of the flow circulating through the extra cooler 12 cooling medium, not peremestivsheesya environment chamber 3.

Management is carried out by the method similar to that described in Fig.7, except that instead of the two-channel control unit 39 operates the adaptive control unit 40. The adaptive control unit 40 according to the signals from external sensors 37 and 38 internal temperature compares the temperature TC in the chamber 3 with the outside temperature TNV. When the outside temperature TNV below the temperature TC in the chamber 3 circuit power supply control device 16 is closed by the contact group K3 and the circuit closed by the contact group K1-driven adaptive control unit 40 from the sensor internal temperature 38, the flaps 30, 31 are opened, the circulating outside air through the extra cooler 12. When the outside temperature TNV higher the temperature TC in the chamber 3 circuit power supply control device 16 is opened by the contact group KZ and Srba ivanie regulating device 16, that is, opening or closing valves 30, 31, will depend on the status of other contact groups K1, K2 circuit power supply control device 16 (Fig).

The control of the additional cooler 12 with a cooling medium is ambient air can be a work unit 13 so that the unit 14, the signal is passed to the control device 15 with two-channel control unit 39, the signal of which is controlled by the regulating device 16 with the block forced circulation 41 mounted on one of the regulated channels 9 additional cooler 12 than provide forced circulation of external air TNV low temperature for an additional cooler 12 and the desired temperature TC in the chamber 3, while the use of electricity to provide forced circulation, to overlap and (or) regulation of the flow circulating through the extra cooler 12 cooling medium, not peremestivsheesya environment chamber 3.

Management is carried out by the method similar to that described in Fig.7, except that the channel control unit 39 supplies power to the regulating device 16 with the block forced circulation 41, mounted on the output regulated channel 9. Under the action block forced circulation 41 more cold outside without the x will arrive in the input adjustable channel 9 additional cooler 12. When the temperature of outside air TNV above Ddon or when the temperature TC in the chamber 3 below Ddoc ambient temperature sensor 37 or the core temperature of 38 signal to the regulating device 16, which in turn will turn the unit off forced circulation 41 (Fig.9).

The control of the additional cooler 12 with a cooling medium is ambient air can be a work unit 13 so that the unit 14, the signal is passed to the control device 15 with an adaptive control unit 40, the signal of which is controlled by the regulating device 16 with the block forced circulation 41 mounted on one of the regulated channels 9 additional cooler 12 than provide forced circulation of outside air of low temperature on the additional cooler 12 and the desired temperature TC in the chamber, while the use of electricity to provide forced circulation, to overlap and (or) regulation of the flow circulating through the extra cooler 12 cooling environment, not peremestivsheesya environment chamber 3.

Management is carried out by the method similar to that described in Fig. 7, 8, except that the adaptive control unit 40 supplies power to the regulating device 16 with the components the forced circulation 41, mounted on the output regulated channel 9. Under the action block forced circulation 41 more cold outside air will flow in the input adjustable channel 9 additional cooler 12. When the temperature TC in the chamber 3 below the outside temperature THB, while increasing outdoor temperature TNV higher temperature Ddon and when the temperature TC in the chamber 3 below the temperature Ddoc external sensors 37 and 38 internal temperature serves the appropriate signals to the adaptive control unit 40, which disconnects the power supply from the control device 16 with the block forced circulation 41 (figure 10).

The control can be performed without the use of electricity work unit 13 additional cooler 12 associated with the capacity of 42 with a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 installed on the outside wall 2 of the building, in turn cooled by the air outside environment, so that the signal generator 14, include in the job execution unit 15 and the regulating device 16 installed on one of the regulated channels 9 additional cooler 12 than provide natural circulation non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 low temperature for an additional cooler 12 and required those is the temperature in the chamber 3 (11).

The control is performed without the use of electricity work unit 13 additional cooling device 6 with an additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 that is associated with the capacity of 42 with a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 installed on the outside wall 2 of a building above an additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44, in turn air-cooled outdoor environment. The tubular element 45 adjustable input channel 9 in the vessel 42 should be lower tubular element 45 of the output of the adjustable channel 9, and the level of non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 in the outer container 42 must be above the tubular elements 45 of the input and output of regulated channels 9. When the temperature TC in the chamber 3 above a certain temperature Ddon rod 47 of the inner container 46 will open the regulating device 16. If the temperature TNV non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 in the outer container 42 below the temperature TC in the chamber 3, the non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 by natural convection will begin to circulate from the outer vessel 42 at the regulated channel 9 through the regulating device 16 in an additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 and further regulated output channel 9 again into the outer container 42. When the temperature TC in the chamber 3 to a certain Majesty the us Ddoc rod 47 of the inner container 46 will close the regulating device 16 and the circulation will stop. If the temperature TNV non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 in the outer container 42 higher the temperature TC in the chamber 3, the natural circulation of the non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 will not occur, because the warmer non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 will be located in the outer container 42, structurally above the level of additional cooler 12, which will remain cooler non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 (Fig).

Management can make a work unit 13 additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 that is associated with the capacity of 42 with a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 installed on the outside wall 2 of the building, in turn cooled by the air outside environment, so that the signal from the unit 14 transmits to the control device 15 with the utmost control unit 48, the signal of which is controlled by the regulating device 16 mounted on one of the regulated channels 9 additional cooler 12 than provide natural circulation non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 low temperature for an additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 and the required temperature TC in the chamber 3, with use electricity only for blocking and / or throttling of the flow circulating through the extra cooler 12 W is dcoi non-freezing cooling medium 43, not peremestivsheesya environment chamber 3.

Management is carried out by the method similar to that described in Fig. 13, except that the regulating device 16 is opened and closed by a signal from the limit control unit 48, which, in turn, triggered from the internal temperature sensor 38. When the temperature of the air in the chamber 3 above Ddoc sensor internal temperature of 38 the appropriate signal is received in the limiting control unit 48, which closes the contact group K1 power supply circuit of the regulating device 16, driven from the internal temperature sensor 38, and supplies power to the regulating device 16, which in turn will open adjustable channel 9. Cooler non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 will flow through the input adjustable channel 9 in the cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 and is heated, from the warmer air in the chamber 3, under the effect of free convection will rise in output adjustable channel 9. When the temperature TC in the chamber 3 sensor internal temperature 38 delivers a corresponding signal and limit the control unit 48 will stop power to the regulating device 16, which in turn will close the adjustable channels 9 (Fig).

Management can make a work unit 13 complete inogo cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44, associated with the container 42 with a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 installed on the outside wall 2 of the building, in turn cooled by the air outside environment, so that the unit 14, the signal is passed to the control device 15 with two-channel control unit 39, the signal of which is controlled by the regulating device 16 with the block forced circulation 50 mounted on one of the regulated channels 9 additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 which ensures forced circulation of the non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 low temperature for an additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 and the required temperature TC in the chamber 3, when this use electricity to provide forced circulation, to overlap and (or) regulation of the flow circulating through the extra cooler 12 non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43, no peremestivsheesya environment chamber 3.

The control is performed so that the temperature of the non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 in the outer container 42 above Ddon signal from the ambient temperature sensor 49-channel control unit 39 of the contact group K2 closes the power supply circuit of the regulating device 16, the block forced circulation 50 does not work. After lowering the temperature TNV fluid is th non-freezing cooling medium 43 below Ddon ambient temperature sensor 49 delivers a corresponding signal to the channel control unit 39, which the contact group K2 closes the circuit part of the power regulating device 16 that is controlled from the ambient temperature sensor 49. When the temperature of the air in the chamber 3 above Ddoc sensor internal temperature 38 corresponding signal in the channel control unit 39, which closes the contact group K1 part of the power circuit of the regulating device 16, driven from the internal temperature sensor 38, and supplies power to the regulating device 16 with the block forced circulation 50. Cooler non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 is circulated by the action of block forced circulation 50 input adjustable channel 9, additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44, the output regulated channel 9. When the temperature TC in the chamber 3 to Ddoc and below the core temperature of 38 delivers a corresponding signal, and a channel control unit 39 stops the voltage supply to the regulating device 16 with the block forced circulation 50 and the circulation of the non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 stops (Fig).

Management can make a work unit 13 additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 connected with the outer container 42 with a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43, the set SN is rugi wall 2 of the building, in turn, air-cooled outdoor environment, so that the unit 14, the signal is passed to the control device 15 with an adaptive control unit 40, the signal of which is controlled by the regulating device 16 with the block forced circulation 50 mounted on one of the regulated channels 9 additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 which ensures forced circulation of the non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 low temperature for an additional cooler in the form of a tube 44 and the required temperature TC in the chamber 3, while the use of electricity to provide forced circulation, to overlap and (or) regulation of the flow circulating in additional cooler 12 in the form of a tube 44 non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43, no peremestivsheesya environment chamber 3.

Management is carried out by the method similar to that described in Fig, except that the Executive unit 15 with an adaptive control unit 40 compares the readings in unit 14 of the two temperature sensors 49 external and internal 38, while if the temperature TNV non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 in the outer container 42 higher the temperature TC in the chamber 3, the contact group short circuit in the adaptive control unit 40 opens the circuit part of the power adjusting what about the devices 16, and the actuation of the regulating device 16, that is, enable or disable block forced circulation 50, will depend on the status of other contact groups K1 and K2, the power circuit of the regulating device 16. If the temperature TNV non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 in the outer container 42 below the temperature TC in the chamber 3, the contact group K3 in the adaptive control unit 40 closes the circuit part of the power regulating device 16 with the block forced circulation 50, and the actuation of the regulating device 16, that is, enable or disable block forced circulation 50, will depend on the condition of the contact group K1 (Fig).

For all shapes of two-channel control unit 39 is designed to control the regulating device 16 and works as follows. The regulating device 16 activates (opens valve 30, 31 or adjustable channels 9 or includes a block forced circulation 41 or 50) at a time when it served a certain voltage, i.e. the contact group K1 and K2 are closed. Flaps 30, 31 or adjustable channels 9 are closed and the unit forced circulation 41 or 50 turns off if the voltage regulating device 16 is not available, i.e. at least one of the contact groups (K1 or K2) has opened a chain. Compare El is the element C2, managing the contact group K2, give a certain upper temperature value Ddon. The signal from the external temperature sensor 37 or 49, the fixing temperature TNV outdoor air or a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43, enters the channel control unit 39 compares the element C2, which compares with an upper temperature value Ddon. If the temperature TNV outdoor air or a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 is lowered below the upper temperature Ddon, the electrical circuit in the contact group SW2 is closed and the voltage reaches the contact group K1. If the temperature TNV outdoor air or a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 rises to the upper temperature Ddon or higher, then the electrical circuit in the contact group K2 is opened.

Comparing element C1 give a certain lower value of the air temperature Ddoc. The signal from the internal temperature sensor 38, the fixing temperature TC in the chamber 3, enters the channel control unit 39 compares the element S1, where it is compared with the lower temperature value Ddoc. At that time, when the temperature TC in the chamber 3 rises to values greater than the lower value of the temperature Ddoc, the electrical circuit in the contact group K1 is closed and voltage is giving is fed to the regulating device 16. If the temperature TC in the chamber 3 is lowered below the lower values of air temperature Ddoc, the electrical circuit in the contact group K1 is opened (Fig).

For all figures the adaptive control unit 40 is designed to control the regulating device 16 and works as follows. The regulating device 16 activates (opens valve 30, 31 or adjustable channels 9 or includes a block forced circulation 41 or 50) at a time when it served a certain voltage, i.e. the contact group K2 or K3, and the contact group K1 are closed. Flaps 30, 31 or adjustable channels 9 are closed and the unit forced circulation 41 or 50 turns off if the voltage regulating device 16 is not available, i.e. in contact groups, K2 and K3 at the same time or in the contact group K1 is opened the circuit. Comparing element C2 give a certain upper value of temperature Ddon. The signal from the external temperature sensor 37, 49, fixing temperature TNV outdoor air or a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43, enters the adaptive control unit 40 compares the element C2, which compares with the upper value of the temperature Ddon and compares element Sz. If the temperature TNV outdoor air or liquid that does ohlazhdaemoy 43 drops below the upper temperature of the air Ddon, the electrical circuit in the contact group SW2 is closed and the voltage reaches the contact group K1. If the temperature TNV outdoor air or a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43 rises to the top of the air temperature Ddon or higher, then the electrical circuit in the contact group K2 is opened.

Comparing element C1 give a certain lower value of the air temperature Ddoc. The signal from the internal temperature sensor 38, the fixing temperature TC in the chamber 3, is supplied to the adaptive control unit 40 to the contact group C1, which compares with the lower value of the air temperature Ddoc, and the contact group NW. At that time, when the temperature TC in the chamber 3 rises to values greater than the lower value of the temperature Ddoc, the electrical circuit in the contact group K1 is closed and the voltage applied to the regulating device 16. If the temperature TC in the chamber 3 is lowered below the lower values of air temperature Ddoc, the electrical circuit in the contact group K1 is opened.

In comparing the element C3 compares the signals from the external temperature sensor 37, 49, fixing temperature TNV outdoor air or liquid freezing medium 43, and from the internal temperature sensor 38, the fixing temperature of the air is and TC in the chamber 3. If the temperature TC in the chamber 3 rises to values greater than the temperature of the TNV outdoor air or a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43, the electrical circuit in the contact group short-circuit is closed and the voltage reaches the contact group K1. If the temperature TC in the chamber 3 is lowered to values below the temperature TNV outdoor air or a non-freezing liquid cooling medium 43, the electrical circuit in the contact group short circuit is opened.

Limit the control unit 48 is designed to control the regulating device 16 and works as follows. The regulating device 16 activates (opens adjustable channel 9) at a time when it served a certain voltage, i.e. the contact group K1 is closed. Adjustable channels 9 are closed, if the voltage regulating device 16 is not available, i.e. the contact group K1 has opened a chain. Comparing element C1, the Manager of the contact group K1, give a certain lower temperature value Ddoc. The signal from the internal temperature sensor 38, the fixing temperature TC in the chamber 3, comes in a limit control unit 48 compares the element S1, where it is compared with the lower temperature value Ddoc. At that time, when the temperature TC in the chamber 3 rises to values that exceed what their Ddoc, the electrical circuit in the contact group K1 is closed and the voltage applied to the regulating device 16. If the temperature TC in the chamber 3 falls below Ddoc, the electrical circuit in the contact group K1 is opened.

The claimed “the Refrigerator, cooling method and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber of a refrigerator, the method of controlling the operation of the refrigerator, in comparison with the prototype, increase the cooling capacity of the refrigerator while reducing energy consumption, due to the fact that, as for the first and second versions of the refrigerator, extra cooler placed in the refrigerator, along with the main cooling element cools itself and cools the chamber during the passage through it of an adjustable convection (without electricity) or forced (using a small amount of electricity) flow of additional cooling medium.

The claimed “the Refrigerator, cooling method and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber of a refrigerator, the method of controlling the refrigerator is compared with the prototype, increase the overall service life of the refrigerator, due to the fact that, as for the first and second options, work unit, part of the additional cooling unit, including the unit, the IP is anitelea device and a regulating device, so constructively and so controls the operation of the additional cooler is that at a certain temperature outside air in the chamber is only an additional chiller main resting.

The claimed “the Refrigerator, cooling method and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber of a refrigerator, the method of controlling the refrigerator is compared with the prototype, increase the usable area of the premises, which is used refrigerator, as well as expand the use of new design solutions, through the use of a refrigerator built into the outer wall.

Thus, the totality of the claimed features can significantly reduce the average annual energy consumption, improve operational functionality of the refrigerator, to increase the overall service life of the refrigerator and to increase the useful area of the premises.

1. Refrigerator containing closed insulated chamber, a cooling device with a cooling additional cooling unit with optional cooler placed in the insulated chamber for direct cooling of the products within it, characterized in that it is equipped with a temperature controller, an additional cooling device has an operating unit, including the unit, the Executive unit is regulating device, and passing through the wall of the chamber sealed adjustable channels for circulation of the medium cooled by the external air, which is the entrance and exit of the additional cooler, communicating directly with the outside air circulating in the cavity of the additional cooler and overlapping regulatory device with actuating devices.

2. The refrigerator according to claim 1, characterized in that it is installed in a building wall on the border between the outer environment and location so that a portion of the outer surface of the insulated chamber is in contact with the air, and part of it with outside air.

3. The refrigerator according to claim 1, characterized in that the additional cooler is made in the form of a membrane.

4. The refrigerator according to claim 1, characterized in that the additional cooler is made in the form of a tubular cavity of the heat-conducting materials for circulation in her outdoor air.

5. The refrigerator according to claim 1, characterized in that the tubular cavity of the heat-conducting materials combined with cooler cooling unit.

6. The refrigerator according to claim 1, characterized in that the working unit block consists of an inner and outer containers with non-freezing fluid, the actuating device consists of a rod of the inner receptacle, the rod outer vessel, the Cam of the inner receptacle, Colac is and the outer vessel, roller, plunger, tensioner, the regulating device consists of two valves associated with each other for parallel operation, one of which opens and closes the entrance of additional cooler, and the other opens and closes the exit.

7. The refrigerator according to claim 1, characterized in that the working unit block consists of an inner and outer containers with non-freezing fluid, the actuating device consists of a rod of the inner receptacle, the rod outer vessel, the compensator slide, the Cam of the inner container, roller, roller compensator, pusher, tensioner, the regulating device consists of two valves associated with each other for parallel operation, one of which opens and closes the entrance of additional cooler, and the other opens and closes the exit.

8. Refrigerator under item 1, characterized in that the working unit block consists of two temperature sensors - external and internal, the Executive unit has two-channel control unit, the regulating device consists of two valves, one of which opens and closes the entrance of additional cooler, and the other opens and closes the exit.

9. The refrigerator according to claim 1, characterized in that the working unit block consists of two temperature sensors - external and internal, Executive condition the device has an adaptive control unit, the regulating device consists of two valves, one of which opens and closes the entrance of additional cooler, and the other opens and closes the exit.

10. The refrigerator according to claim 1, characterized in that the working unit block consists of two temperature sensors - external and internal, the Executive unit has two-channel control unit, the regulating device consists of a block of forced circulation, installed on one of the regulated channels additional cooler.

11. The refrigerator according to claim 1, characterized in that the working unit block consists of two temperature sensors - external and internal, the actuator consists of an adaptive control unit, the regulating device consists of a block of forced circulation, installed on one of the regulated channels additional cooler.

12. Refrigerator containing closed insulated chamber, a cooling device with a cooling additional cooling unit with optional cooler placed in the insulated chamber for direct cooling of the products within it, characterized in that it is equipped with a temperature controller, an additional cooling device has a working unit, including unit, Executive mustache is a device and a regulating device, container with a non-freezing liquid cooling medium that is installed outside the building and, in turn, cooled by the external air, an additional cooler is made in the form of a tube of heat conducting material associated with the formation of a closed system container with a non-freezing liquid cooling medium at least two tubular elements, performing the role of regulated channels to circulate a non-freezing liquid cooling medium cooled by the external air, which is the entrance and exit of the additional cooler and overlapping regulatory device with actuating devices.

13. Refrigerator under item 12, characterized in that it is installed in a building wall on the border between the outer environment and location so that a portion of the outer surface of the insulated chamber is in contact with the air, and part of it with outside air.

14. Refrigerator under item 12, characterized in that the tube of heat-conductive materials combined with cooler cooling unit.

15. Refrigerator under item 12, characterized in that the working unit block consists of an inner tank with a non-freezing liquid, the actuator has a piston rod of the inner receptacle, and a regulating device installed on one of the regulated channels.

16. Fridge on p. 12, from which causesa fact, that unit work unit consists of a sensor internal temperature control device has a limit control unit, and a regulating device installed on one of the regulated channels.

17. Refrigerator under item 12, characterized in that the working unit block consists of two temperature sensors - external and internal, the Executive unit has two-channel control unit and the regulating device has a block of forced circulation and installed on one of the regulated channels.

18. Refrigerator under item 12, characterized in that the working unit block consists of two temperature sensors - external and internal, the Executive unit has an adaptive control unit and the regulating device has a block of forced circulation and installed on one of the regulated channels.

19. Method of cooling and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber of the refrigerator, which consists in the transfer of cold from the environment cooler air in the chamber, characterized in that the cooling and maintaining the temperature of the air in the chamber additionally carry out medium circulating in the cavity of the additional cooler installed in the camera, not mixing with the air in the chamber and cooled by the external air.

20. The method according to p. 19, characterized in that circul the tion environment, the cooled outside air, natural.

21. The method according to p. 19, characterized in that the circulation of the medium cooled by the external air, forced.

22. The method according to p. 19, characterized in that the circulating additional cooler environment is outdoor air.

23. The method according to p. 19, characterized in that the circulating additional cooler environment is non-freezing fluid.

24. The method of controlling the operation of the refrigerator, which consists in the exercise of control by the temperature controller for enabling and disabling the cooler, and a work unit an additional cooling device for enabling and disabling an additional cooler, with the medium cooled by the external air^so that the temperature controller set a certain working range of the temperature of the chiller, while the upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller determines the switching on of the cooler, and the lower limit of the working temperature interval is shutting it down, a work unit is assigned a specific working temperature interval additional cooler, characterized in that the upper value of the working temperature interval additional cooler defines the moment of switching on of additional cooler and configured below the upper limit of working in the erval coolant temperature, but above the lower limit of the working range of temperature of the chiller, and the lower value of the working temperature interval additional cooler defines the moment of switching off the additional cooler and configured below the lower limit of the operating range of the chiller temperature, when the temperature of the air in the chamber to the upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller the chiller is turned on and passes the cold air in the chamber, cooling it to a lower limit of the working range of temperature of the chiller, wherein the cooler is completing work on lowering the temperature of the external air to the upper values of the working temperature interval additional cooler the unit of work includes additional cooler, which passes cold air in the chamber, when further lowering of the temperature of outside air, as the temperature of the air in the chamber lower the working temperature interval for cooler work unit disables the optional cooler, stopping the transmission of the cold into the chamber through an additional chiller when the temperature of the air in the chamber a working unit again includes an additional cooler and turns off when the temperature drops, repeating such cycles up until the temperature of the RA external air does not become higher than the upper value of the working temperature interval additional cooler, then the temperature of the air in the chamber will rise to the upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller and will again be switched on and off cooler, repeating such cycles until the outside temperature drops and the unit of work will begin again to enable and disable the additional cooler.

25. The method of controlling the operation of the refrigerator, which consists in the exercise of control by the temperature controller for enabling and disabling the cooler, and a work unit an additional cooling device for enabling and disabling an additional cooler, with the medium cooled by the external air, so that the temperature controller set a certain working range of the temperature of the chiller, while the upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller determines the switching on of the cooler, and the lower limit of the working temperature interval is shutting it down, a work unit is assigned a specific working temperature interval additional cooler, characterized in that the upper value of the working temperature interval additional cooler defines the moment of switching on of additional cooler and configured below the upper limit of the working range of temperature of the chiller, but above the lower limit of the working and the interval of temperature of the chiller, the lower the value of the working temperature interval additional cooler defines the moment of switching off the additional cooler and configured below the lower limit of the working range of temperature of the chiller, when the temperature of the air in the chamber to the upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller the chiller is turned on and passes the cold air in the chamber, cooling it to a lower limit of the working range of temperature of the chiller, wherein the cooler is completing work on lowering the temperature of the external air to the upper values of the working temperature interval additional cooler the unit of work includes additional cooler, which passes cold air in the chamber with further lowering of temperature of external air as the air temperature in the chamber the lower the working temperature interval additional cooler work unit disables an additional chiller when the temperature of the air in the chamber the unit of work will again include additional cooler and off when it drops repeating such cycles as long as the outdoor temperature becomes higher than the upper value of the working temperature interval additional cooler, after which the temperature of the air in the Cam, the re will increase to the upper limit of the working temperature interval of the chiller and will again be switched on and off cooler, repeating such cycles until the outside temperature drops and the unit of work will begin again to enable or disable the additional cooler, and in the area of outside temperatures exceeding the upper value of the working temperature interval additional cooler, the unit of work includes additional cooler when the temperature of the air in the chamber to values greater than the value of the outside temperature, and turns off the additional cooler when the temperature in the chamber to values equal to or lower values of the outside temperature.



 

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