Method and device for generating heat

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises high-pressure pump, hydraulic motor, and safety device which are arranged in the tank under the level of fluid. The delivery space of the high-pressure pump is connected with the supplying passage of the hydraulic motor through the high-pressure pipeline which is made of a cylindrical coil whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the longitudinal axes of the housing, diffuser of the resonance vibrations , and ring made of a trancated cone. The discharging passage of the hydraulic motor is connected through the a pipeline with the sprayer whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the axes of the deflector and head, longitudinal axis of the diffuser, longitudinal axis of the ring, and longitudinal axis of the magnetostriction emitter.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

5 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of energy and can be used in generators for residential heating and for hot water.

A well-known boiler design (A.S. 1028972, CL F 25, 11/00, published. 15.07.1983,), comprising a housing, a drive shaft, impeller, motor, piping.

The disadvantage of this device is that it requires two types of power sources - low pressure steam and electricity, and heating the working fluid is only due to the condensation of the input pair, which together makes the design ineffective.

The closest analogue is the device to obtain heat energy, consisting of containers, chassis, motor, work environment, high pressure pump, high pressure pipeline, having the form of a cylindrical coil, the longitudinal axis of which is coaxial with the longitudinal axis of the body (see, for example, an application EN 94019359, publ. 27.12.1995, CL F 25 29/00).

The disadvantage is the closest analogue is the high consumption of electricity for operation of the pump and the low efficiency of production of heat.

The aim of the invention is to increase the heating efficiency of the working environment (coolant) and the reduction of energy consumption for operation of the heat generator.

This goal is achieved by TRG is, that the design of the device to obtain heat energy, consisting of containers, chassis, motor, work environment, high pressure pump, hydraulic, safety devices, high pressure pipeline, cone resonance oscillations, atomizer, magnetostrictive oscillator, the high-pressure pump, a hydraulic motor and a safety device located in the tank below the level of the working environment, the discharge cavity of the high pressure pump through the high pressure pipeline, having the form of a cylindrical coil, the longitudinal axis of which is coaxial with the longitudinal axes of the body, cone resonance oscillations in a ring having the shape of a truncated cone, is connected with the inlet channel of the hydraulic motor, and the discharge channel of the hydraulic motor through the pipe connected to the nozzle, the longitudinal axis of which is coaxial with the axis of the divider, the axis of the head, the longitudinal axis of the cone, the longitudinal axis of the rings and the longitudinal axis of the magnetostrictive transducer.

However, the level of the working medium in the vessel and the lower part of the cone are microallocation environment and turbine, monocular axis turbine is kinematically connected to duplechin lever shock mechanism, in which the shoulder in contact through the plane of the slide with monocular is m, has a length of ten to twenty times the length of the shoulder between the end of the spring and hinge supports duplicera arm and the shoulder, in turn, has a length that is ten to twenty times the length of the shoulder located between the hinge support and a hammer. The device operation is based on the creation of pressure in the discharge cavity pump high pressure from one atmosphere up to one thousand atmospheres and heating circulating working medium to the temperature, the value of which is twenty percent (less) flash temperature of the working environment, and increasing the heating temperature of the working medium is carried out in stages and synchronously in the following order: the first stage - discharge cavity of the high-pressure pump; the second stage - in hydraulic motor; the third stage in the cone resonance oscillations; the fourth stage from the power monoblock shock mechanisms; the fifth stage from magnetostriction emitter of ultrasonic waves.

Technical result the device to obtain heat energy is achieved by:

- heat the working environment in the high-pressure pump and then using the pressure of the working medium from the discharge cavity of the high pressure pump to drive the hydraulic motor, electric generator, cone resonance oscillations;

- use to the kinetic energy of a freely moving fluid flow through microallocation environment on the drive (rotation) of the Cam monoblock shock mechanisms;

- use duplica levers of different lengths on their shoulders swing bearings, increasing the impact force of the piezoelectric element;

additional generated electricity for operation of the ultrasonic generator and heating ultrasonic waves working environment;

- location within a vessel filled with the working environment, high pressure pump, hydraulic, and safety devices.

Figure 1 presents a diagram of the device thermal hydromechanical resonant ultrasonic generator. Figure 2 is a kinematic diagram of the drive of the percussive mechanism. Figure 3 - diagram of the device duplicera lever. 4 is a diagram of mono-shock mechanisms. 5 is a connection diagram of the ultrasonic generator to the power source and to magnetostrictor (the emitter of ultrasonic waves).

The device described consists of an electric motor 1 to drive through a coupling 2 pump 3 high pressure oil receiver 4 to create in the injection cavity pressure from zero to one thousand atmospheres and heating supplied them to the working environment 5 (for example, motor oil for automotive diesel internal combustion engines, compressor oils and other liquids) to a temperature value which is twenty percent less than (below) the temperature of the flash.

Also what about the, the device includes a throttle Assembly designed to heat the working medium and consisting of a pipe 6 high pressure, having a different shape (e.g. the shape of a cylindrical coil) and designed to transfer heat from the working medium fluid 7 (e.g., water, antifreeze, oil, etc), located in the jacket 8, the heat exchanger 9, which is connected through the inlet 10 and outlet 11 pipelines, for example, radiators residential buildings, production lines, etc., 12 gauge for monitoring the pressure of the working medium in the discharge cavity pump high-pressure pipe 13 high pressure; manual the actuator 14 to adjust began opening the valve the pressure relief device 15 and establishing, by the reading of the manometer preassigned working medium pressure in the pressure cavity of the high-pressure pump, and thus heating it to a temperature value which is lower by twenty percent flash point.

For example, if the working environment is engine oil MG2having a flash point equal to two hundred and five degrees Celsius (LISCO OTHER Fuel, lubricants and technical liquids". Chisinau, 1997, str, tbl), the pressure (on pressure gauge) should be such as to ensure the heating of the working medium is not more than up to the temperature of a hundred and sixty camerahaus Celsius. If the working fluid is used compressor oil To a-28, having a flash point two hundred seventy-five degrees (Students V.M. Fuel, lubricants and technical liquids. M.: Chemistry, 1989, str. table), the pressure must be such as to provide heating to the temperature of two hundred and twenty degrees, etc.

The device also includes a hydraulic motor 16 to drive through the clutch 17 of the generator 18, line 19, the dispenser 20, the divider 21 for changing the direction of movement of the working environment inside the head 23 having the shape of a ball, to ensure maximum contact of the outer surface of the fluid in the jacket of the heat exchanger, the housing 24, the diffuser 25, designed to reduce the resistance to movement of the working environment, which has a cylindrical shape of a truncated cone and consists of many steel petals (plates), one end of which together forms the flange 26, is rigidly fixed in the housing, and the longitudinal axis of the cone coaxial with the longitudinal axis of the housing, the ring 27 having the shape of a truncated cone, the axis of which is coaxial with the axis of the diffuser, designed to direct the flow of the working fluid, the turbine 28 for converting the kinetic energy of the free-fall flow of the working fluid into mechanical energy, monoblock shock mechanisms that contains the hydroturbine 28 axis 29, having the form of a Cam shaft, consisting of bearing journals 30, monocolumn 31 to drive plugplay lever 32, pivotally supports 33 duplica levers, hammer 34 to strike after the elimination of the gap 35 on the piezoelectric element 36, which generates electricity and mounted in a protective heat cover with llife waterproofing actuators, springs 37 to create efforts 38 (which removes the hammer on the piezoelectric element), the plane 39 of the sliding end duplicera lever on the Cam profile, the efforts of 40, squeezing through the arm 41, having a length many times, for example ten to twenty times greater than the length of each separately shoulder 43 and 44, the spring 37, which is in the compressed state has a force 42, many times (for example, ten, twenty times) force 40 of the shoulders 43 and 44 for transmitting the force of the spring to the hammer, which at the moment of impact develops force 38 monoblock 45 percussion mechanisms located on the two ends of the axis turbines.

The device also includes micropaleontology environment 46, the pointer 50 of propagation of ultrasonic waves, magnetostrictive emitter 51 to emit ultrasonic waves in a working environment, support 52, the wiring 53, ultrasonic generator 54, teplozvukoizolyacia 55, a relief valve 56, which activates (opens) at a pressure greater than the pressure of the open valve of the safety device 15, to prevent explosion, the gap 57 to the free return duplicera lever 32 to its original position, thermal relay 58 preliminary manual adjustment of the heating temperature of the working environment 5 to values less twenty percent from the flash temperature (for example, if the working environment - oil MG2to thermostat set at 164°C intended for automatic disconnection of the electric motor 1 from the power, and while lowering the temperature (for example, to 163° (C) to automatically activate the motor 1 in the grid.

Before you begin the device thermal hydromechanical resonant ultrasonic generator the entire volume of the working environment 5 (for example, oil MG2it is in the tank 49.

Level 48 working environment 5 is located at a distance 47 from the turbine 28. Thermal relay 58 is set to a temperature of one hundred sixty-four degrees (that is twenty percent less than the flash point of the oil MG2K), pen drive 14 is in the position corresponding to the opening of the valve of the safety device 15 when the pressure in the pipe 6, is equal to one atmosphere.

When the power supply from the external power grid operates the motor 1. In the high-pressure pump 3 through the oil collector 4 is sucked from the tank 49 working environment 5. Synchronously manual what rivada 14 set on the reading of the 12 gauge pressure value of the working environment 5 in the injection pump cavity 3, depends on the heating process of the working environment.

This is the first stage of heating of the working medium 5 due to the generated pressure in the discharge cavity pump 3 high-pressure.

From the pump 3 is heated working medium 5 is fed into the pipe 6 through the walls of heat from the working medium 5 is transferred to the liquid 7, and then enters the hydraulic motor 16, which drives through the clutch 17, the generator 18, the electric power which is consumed by the power of the ultrasonic generator 54. Already additionally heated in the hydraulic motor 16 (this is the second stage heating) operating environment 5 to the discharge pipe 19 is fed into the dispenser 20, the comfort of which under excessive pressure, hits the divider 21, which in the direction of movement 22 is in contact with the walls of the head 23. Giving some of the heat, the working environment 5 enters the housing 24 and further past the flange 26 to the inside of the cone 25.

Working environment 5, intensely moving in the direction 22 under pressure, contributes to the cone resonance oscillations that increase heat production environment 5 (this is the third stage of heating) and reduce resistance to movement of the working environment 5 in the diffuser 25, and consequently, increase the speed of the working environment 5.

After passing through the ring hole 27, the working environment 5 comes (in the form of free-fall on the eye, having a reserve of kinetic energy in the turbine 28 through which overcome the distance 47, which is microvasculature environment 46, is returned into the tank 49.

The axis 29, revolving in bearings 30, through the Cams 31 transmits motion to the many percussion mechanisms, which together form a monoblock 45. So, monocular 31 moves through the plane 39 of the sliding duplici lever 32. Due to the fact that the length of the shoulder 41 is many times (for example, ten, twenty and so on) is greater than the length of the shoulder 43, provides a force of 40 to compress the spring 37, which is in the compressed state has a force 42, many times (for example, ten times or more) force 40 created by the rotating Cam 31 in contact with the plane of the slide 39.

Further, the rotation axis 29, and hence the Cam 31 causes the rupture of the contact surface of the profile plane 39. Instantly a gap 57, whereupon the spring 37 with great speed relaxes and over the shoulder 43 (which is length many times greater shoulder 44) drives the hammer 34, letting him force 38 impact many times greater than the force of the spring 42 37.

The hammer 34 attacks on the piezoelectric element 36, the generation in which depends on the efforts of the punch 38. The electricity generated by all the piezoelectric elements 36 monoblock 45 impact the mechanisms served by cables 53 (in the form of an additional power source for powering the ultrasonic generator 54 (this is the fourth stage heat).

From this moment, under the influence of spring 37 duplici lever 32 is resuming its original position until such time as the profile of the rotating Cam 31 will again begin to contact with the plane 39 of the slip. Consequently, a gap 35, and then the process repeats.

Synchronous ultrasonic generator 54 through magnetostrictive emitter 51, in the direction of the pointer 50 will begin to emit ultrasonic waves through the working fluid 5, is located in the tank 49, microvasculature environment 46, the working medium flowing stream in the direction 22 in the diffuser 25, which is the working environment 5 in the cylinder 23, thereby heating the working environment (this is the fifth stage heat), and simultaneously prevents the penetration of air bubbles through level 48 in the oil collector 4 together with absorbable working environment 5. Liquid (water for example) 7 located in the jacket 8 of the heat exchanger 9, in contact with the outer surfaces of the container 49, the housing 24, the head 23, pipelines 6 and 19, intensively (by increasing the contact surface, e.g. ribs) is heated. On the idler pipe 11 is supplied to the consumer for heating of residential and industrial buildings and for hot is snabgenia, on the production processes of various industries.

When disconnecting the motor 1 from the outlet of the heat hydromechanical resonant ultrasonic generator is stopped. Working environment 5 flows by gravity into the tank 49.

The design of the device to obtain heat energy, consisting of containers, chassis, motor, work environment, high pressure pump, hydraulic, safety devices, high pressure pipeline, cone resonance oscillations, atomizer, magnetostrictive oscillator, characterized in that the high-pressure pump, a hydraulic motor and a safety device located in the tank below the level of the working environment, the discharge cavity of the high pressure pump through the high pressure pipeline, having the form of a cylindrical coil, the longitudinal axis of which is coaxial with the longitudinal axes of the body, cone resonance oscillations in a ring having the shape of a truncated cone, is connected with the inlet channel of the hydraulic drive motor and the discharge channel of the hydraulic motor through the pipe connected to the nozzle, the longitudinal axis of which is coaxial with the axis of the divider, the axis of the head, the longitudinal axis of the cone, the longitudinal axis of the rings and the longitudinal axis of the magnetostrictive transducer.



 

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