Energy converter

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for converting kinetic energy of moving vehicle into electric energy. Proposed device contains platform installed on roadway square to its longitudinal axis. Edge of platform projecting beyond the limits of roadway rests on external radial surface of flexible circular chamber rigidly secured by axial hole on ferromagnetic core and arranged in clearance of magnetic circuit with permanent magnet and coil. Chamber is filled with air and, partially, with ferromagnetic liquid and is divided into compartments by solid radial partitions with fitted-in hydraulic restrictors with ball valve with direction of liquid passing coinciding with direction of bypassing if chamber to one of sides.

EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability in operation.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to devices for converting the energy of motion of the vehicle into electrical energy.

It is known a device for converting kinetic energy of the vehicle into kinetic energy, containing permanently installed on the path of the vehicle and interacts with the pulley, kinematically associated with the generator with flywheel /see the magazine "Science and life", 1979, No. 9, s.112 [1]/.

The disadvantages of the known devices is the low conversion efficiency, as well as limited functionality, since the device is only used in modes and areas deceleration of the vehicle, and only in the zone of its contact with the pulley.

It is also known a device for converting kinetic energy of the vehicle into electrical energy, containing permanently installed on the path of the vehicle and interacting on it a pulley, kinematically associated with the generator connected to the flywheel and installed along the body of the vehicle spring-loaded tape for engagement with pulley /see asssss No. 1013635, CL F 03 G 7/08, B 61, H 9/06, 1960 [2]/.

The disadvantages of the known devices are limited functionality and mn is considerably the complexity of implementation and operation. This is due to the ability to use the device only in the modes and sites of deceleration of the vehicle, the need to establish on vehicles special spring-loaded tapes, as well as providing interaction terms of these tapes with a pulley in the process of movement of the vehicle.

The closest device to the same destination to the claimed invention on the totality of symptoms is the energy Converter containing kinematically interconnected freight mechanism counterbalancing mechanism and the shaft of the energy consumer, with freight mechanism is in the form of platforms, elastically installed on the roadway perpendicular to its longitudinal axis, and a counterbalancing mechanism is in the form of a return mechanism, placed on the sides outside of the carriageway /see A.S. USSR №2160849, CL F 03 G 3/0, 1999 [3]and adopted for the prototype.

The disadvantages of this device the prototype are difficult and cumbersome design, low reliability due to the large number of mechanisms and assemblies, United kinematic links and limited scope. The latter can be explained by the need for special deepening under the roadbed to accommodate the power mechanism, obtaining at the output of the conversion is the user is not directly an electrical signal, and the rotation shaft of the energy consumer.

The invention consists in creating an energy Converter that can convert energy of motion of the vehicle directly into electrical energy through the use of gravity netaudio on the elastic device of the vehicle to create this device periodic changes of ferromagnetic options with the inclusion of this device in a closed magnetic circuit with the permanent magnetic field source and receiver electrical signal.

The technical result is to simplify the design of the device, increasing its reliability and expansion applications.

This technical result in the implementation of the invention is achieved in that in the known energy Converter containing uprugosti.moloko on the carriageway perpendicular to its longitudinal axis platform, the peculiarity lies in the fact that beyond the carriageway edge of the platform supported on the outer radial surface of the elastic annular fixed axial hole on the ferromagnetic core and placed in the gap of the magnetic circuit with a permanent magnet and a coil, and the chamber filled with air and partially ferromagnetic fluid and divided into compartments continuous radial partitions provide demi with installed hydraulic chokes with ball valve, with the direction of transmission fluid coincident with the direction of traversal of the camera to one side.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which schematically illustrates the device when looking at the road side.

The power Converter includes uprugosti.moloko on one side of the carriageway 1 perpendicular to its longitudinal axis platform 2.

The platform 2 is placed in a rectangular recess 3 road 1, one transverse side of the platform 2 is fixed hinge, and the other using providermessage element 4 so that when you hit a platform 2 vehicles 5 platform 2 is lowered flush with the roadbed 1. In addition, for the installation of the device used road section 1, raised above the surrounding surface of the earth 6 /bulk stretch of road, dam, etc./, with the edge of the platform 2 is outside of the roadway Dorogi 1 and supported on the outer radial surface of the elastic annular chamber 7, hard wearing their axial hole on the ferromagnetic core 8 of circular cross section, mounted in the side vertical surface 9 of a road embankment. Camera 7 core 8 is placed in the air gap 10 of the magnetic circuit 11, provided with a core permanent magnet 12 and mounted on the magnetic core 11 and the coil 13. The magnetic system is and 11-13 are accommodated in the housing /not shown/, also fixed on the surface 9. The chamber 7 is filled with air and partially ferromagnetic fluid 14 and divided into compartments internal solid radial walls 15 with installed hydraulic chokes 16 with ball valve consisting of a hole in the partition 15 and a spring-loaded ball, and the chokes have directions of transmission fluid 14, which coincides with the direction of traversal of the annular chamber 7 to one side.

The operation of the device is as follows.

When hitting vehicles 5 on the platform 2, the elastic proseda down, deforms the upper part of the elastic chamber 7, the air, putting pressure on the ferromagnetic fluid 14, causes the latter to exert pressure on the shell of the camera 7 and the radial walls 15. When this hydraulic chokes 16 let the liquid 14 in the lower compartments of the chamber 7 in one direction only - the selected direction of traversal camera /drawing this direction clockwise/.so when hitting vehicles 5 and the compression of the upper part of the chamber 7, the liquid 14, passing into the lower compartments in the clockwise direction on the right in the drawing-side chamber 7, inflates the lower part of the chamber 7, creating in this part of the excess pressure. When vehicles 5 camera 7 represets and under the action of esbatech the CSOs pressure fluid 14 goes back up again in a clockwise direction, but on the left on the drawing side of the camera 7. Of course, what with the constant hitting and Congress passing cars is unidirectional circulation of ferromagnetic fluid 14 through the chamber 7. As the fluid 14 is located in the air gap 10 is formed of a ferromagnetic core 8 and the magnetic core 11, then this circulation causes periodic resistance of the magnetic resistance of the magnetic circuit, accordingly the change of the magnetic induction flux, mud through the magnetic core 11 and penetrating the coil 13, and as a consequence, the guidance in the coil 13 of the EMF induction applied directly on to the electricity consumers.

Thus, in the proposed device, the energy of passing vehicles at the entrance is directly converted into electrical energy at the output.

It is obvious that the proposed device is characterized by relative simplicity of design, no complicated knots, kinematic relations, is simple in adjustment and operation, the elements of the device are not critical to the variations of constructive and technological parameters. These factors determine and improved reliability of the device. The device has a wide range of application, can be installed in most areas of the road without any significant transformation of alatna road, allows you to get on the rotation shaft of the consumer, requiring additional generators, and electrical signal directly.

The energy Converter containing uprugosti.moloko on the carriageway perpendicular to its longitudinal axis platform, characterized in that the outside of the carriageway edge of the platform supported on the outer radial surface of the elastic annular fixed axial hole on the ferromagnetic core and placed in the gap of the magnetic circuit with a permanent magnet and a coil, and the chamber filled with air and partially ferromagnetic fluid and divided into compartments continuous radial partitions with installed hydraulic chokes with ball valve having a direction of transmission fluid coincident with the direction of traversal of the camera to one side.



 

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