Electrically-heated furniture article

FIELD: furniture, particularly heated furniture piece that may be used in home, possibly for medical-prophylactic purposes.

SUBSTANCE: furniture object includes support for engaging with user having on surface layer of mineral material selected from group containing ceramics and natural stone. Support is provided at least with one electric heating device mounted at least on part of its surface turned to user and placed under layer of mineral material. Said device is in the form of panel electric heater irradiating heat for heating layer of mineral material along its thickness in temperature range 30-50°C in order to generate in said layer elastic acoustic waves in ultrasound and hyper-sound bands. Support is provided with unit for controlling temperature of heating layer of mineral material under which respective panel of electric heater is arranged.

EFFECT: enhanced comfort, intensified process of metabolism of user, keeping healthy state of user and providing prophylaxis of diseases due to heat action upon organism of user.

9 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention concerns the construction of furniture, and more specifically relates to electrically heated piece of furniture. The invention will find application in the manufacture of furniture for homes and medical institutions.

Known electrically heated automotive seat, in which the elements for contact with the user's body - the back and seat, include resistive heating elements, electrically connected to the power supply system of the vehicle (patent application No. 2000 117449/28, publ. 10.09.2002). Also known piece of furniture designed for sitting and lying (application for invention No. 2001100530, publ. 20.01.2003, IPC And 47 7/36). The specified piece of furniture includes interconnected and adapted for contact with the base and the cervical area of the spine of the user, the elastic elements made in the form of a flexible chambers containing electroheater areas. According to this proposal, called flexible camera elastic elements placed in covers elements for sitting and/or lying, such as mattresses. Also known electrically heated mattresses, pillows, car seats, which are molded from foam and contain heater, consisting of the electrical conductor layer in the form of insulated or uninsulated wire that attached the config of the one or more radio bands of closely spaced to each other bends. The electrical conductor layer embedded within said main foam layer or within an additional layer of foam which forms a thin matrix, designed to be attached to the upper surface of the main mattress, pillows, car seats. Each of these curves contains the loop and the open part facing away from the associated loop. Essentially all exposed parts are interconnected through local mutual connections with glue welds or seams, so that there is one or more tapes coherent picture. The ends of the conductor of the electric current supplied by a body filler, which has a flat surface fastening and an internal space open to the surface mounting and is designed to accommodate the wire conductor of electric current, rolled (RF patent 2180471, publ. 10.02.2002, IPC H 05 3/36).

As a prototype we have chosen electrically heated passenger seat of the vehicle, in which the electrically heated executed elements adapted for contact with the user's body, namely the backrest and seat. Heating these elements are electric heating elements, which are located under the covers of backrest and seat passenger seat and is presented from two glass panels: the upper and lower insulating, printed serpentine conductive fuel path of the heat-resistant conductive polymer composition. For individual regulation of the intensity of heating of each passenger seat has a means for regulating the temperature of the heating mode (RF patent 2 197 411, epubl, the IPC 64 D 13/08).

All of the above pieces of furniture provide a specific effect of local heating of the user and create a comfortable environment, however, their operation maximum temperature, usually localized in a very small cross-sectional areas of direct electric heating strip the wires, and it worsens the conditions of heat transfer and uniform distribution of the heat flux. And, most importantly, the above pieces of furniture are not able to provide rehabilitation and prevention of many human diseases in the course of their daily operation.

The basis for the claimed of the invention is to create such electrically heated piece of furniture, which would in the course of its everyday use, exposure to heat, are able to intensify the process of metabolism of the user and to provide rehabilitation and prevention of many human diseases.

This problem is solved when creating electrically heated subject me-and, includes support for interacting with the user, equipped with a heating device and means for regulating the heating temperature of the support, in which, according to the invention, directed to the user support surface is placed a layer of mineral material selected from the group comprising ceramics, natural stone, and the electric heating device placed under a layer of mineral material on at least part of the surface and represents at least one panel heater thermal radiation made with the possibility of heating the layer of mineral material through its thickness in the temperature range from 30 to 50°to ensure the formation of this layer of elastic acoustic waves in the ultrasonic and hypersonic ranges, with a means of temperature control is arranged to maintain a selected temperature in the layer of mineral material, which hosted a panel heater.

Due to the claimed invention achieved the ability to provide in the daily operation of an electrically heated furniture heat desired intensity, which is able to intensify the process of metabolism of the user and facilitate the rehabilitation and prevention of megabolsa person.

To ensure user in the daily operation of an object of the invention by thermal effects, the intensity of which may be adjusted in accordance with individual state of health of the user, according to the invention, it is expedient to electrically heated piece of furniture contained at least two panel heater thermal radiation, each of which was made with the possibility of heating the layer of mineral material, under which he placed on its thickness in the temperature range from 30 to 50°With a means of temperature control was performed with the possibility to regulate the temperature of each panel heater and maintain the selected temperature of the layer of mineral material, which posted by corresponding electric heater.

In accordance with the invention, it is useful to have as a means of temperature control, it contains the automatic temperature control made with the possibility of programming the selected temperature, including the temperature sensor of each panel of the heater.

To ensure electrical safety and shielding from electromagnetic fields of industrial frequency currents is useful according to the invention, so that each panel is capacity electric heater contained steel screen fitted to the ground.

In accordance with the invention, it is advisable that the support was made with the possibility of placing a user in a sitting position, and also included additional support for the lower limbs of the user.

In accordance with the invention, it is advisable that the support was made with the possibility of placing the user in the “lying”, and also included additional support for the foot of the user.

In accordance with the invention, to create the optimal user convenience during operation object of the invention is useful to a layer of mineral material was made in the form of ergonomic surface.

Other objectives and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the subsequent detailed description of the electrically heated furniture and drawings, on which:

figure 1 depicts electrically heated seat according to the invention, isometric, with tear-out;

figure 2 depicts electrically heated couch according to the invention, isometric with the digging.

Electrically heated piece of furniture that is claimed in the present invention, can be any piece of furniture used by the user in the process of life, for example the seat 1 (figure 1), a bed, a couch, 2 (2), sofa, chair or mattress, made in various who's size.

The inventive electrically heated piece of furniture includes a support 3 for contact with the user's body, equipped with electric heating device and means for regulating the heating temperature called the support 3, while the named bearing 3 is on the surface facing the tissue of the user, layer 4, made of natural mineral material. According to the invention, it is advisable to layer 4 of mineral material has been ergonomically addressed to the tissue of the user surface, which provides the user with optimum convenience during operation object of the invention.

In accordance with the claimed invention, the support 3 for contact with the user's body can be adapted for a user in a sitting position (figure 1) or “ground” position (figure 2)and is adapted for contact with the feet and lower limbs of the user, and the calf muscles of the user (figure 1).

Elements of the proposed piece of furniture that represents a support 3 for contact with the user's body, are converted to the user surface, which according to the invention can be coated, for example, tiles of natural mineral materials, including pressed and/or sintered, ceramic (including red pottery) or natural to the mnya (marble, granite, Sandstone) formation of a layer 4 of these natural mineral material. According to the invention, these surfaces are heated in the temperature range from 30 to 50°using electric heating device.

The stated temperature range (from 30 to 50° (C) heating the layer of mineral material provides a comfortable environment for the user electrically heated furniture. At a temperature of less than 30°the user will not be able to feel the effect of the warm furniture, and at temperatures above 50°the user may feel discomfort due to excessively hot surface.

In accordance with the invention, called the electric heating device is placed at least part of the contact surface 3 facing the tissue of the user under layer 4 above the mineral material, and may consist of one, two or more installed predominantly in one plane panel heater 5 thermal radiation.

These panel heaters 5 thermal radiation can be combined in groups containing one or more heaters, and each such group is equipped with means for regulating and automatically maintain specific selected temperature of the radiating surface in a given interval of 30-50� C. According to the claimed invention, the means of controlling the temperature made with the possibility of programming the user-selected temperature and includes a temperature sensor of each panel heater 5.

Multiple heaters 5, provided with means for regulating and automatically maintain the desired temperature, provides a thermal mode different values in different parts facing the user surface. The number of heaters 5, placed at least part of the surface of a support 3, depends on thermal regime.

Thus, in accordance with the claimed invention, one and the same surface, such as a seat (1), ping (2)may have multiple local areas 6, 7, 8, 9, (1) or 10, 11, 12, (2), each of which with suitable electric heater installed under each section and its attendant regulatory controls, it is possible to set a temperature other than the temperature of the adjacent plot. Thus the user can, depending on the condition of his body and medical testimony to establish different thermal conditions for different parts of your body that are in contact with one or another teaching the rigid support 3 electrically heated piece of furniture.

For example, in the case of colds it is recommended that the heating of the lower limbs, therefore, the user optionally can be installed on sections 8, 9 (1) or section 12 (2) the maximum temperature in the specified range and to carry out heating of the calf muscles and feet, taking into account medical advice, to set the temperature of the surface of a piece of furniture having contact with the user in the field of his heart, at the level of the temperature of the body.

In this implementation of the invention possible to provide the user in the daily operation of an object of the invention directed and measured by thermal effects.

In accordance with the invention, each panel heater 5 thermal radiation made with the possibility of heating the layer of mineral material through its thickness in the temperature range from 30 to 50°With, the education of thermal field infrared radiation in the wavelength range from 8.5 to 11.5 μm, and the formation of the elastic acoustic waves in the ultrasonic and hypersonic ranges.

Studies have shown, only when the contact of the user's body with mineral material, heated to a temperature of 30-50°formed of elastic acoustic waves of ultrasonic and hypersonic diapasonaproject be absorbed by the internal organs of the user and provide a therapeutic effect, in particular intensify the process of metabolism and conducive to rehabilitation and prevention of many human diseases. In addition, it was found that the heated surfaces of these natural mineral materials, which emit their own infrared rays, characteristic only of this material and its corresponding mineralogical and chemical composition and crystalline structure containing minerals provide therapeutic efficacy due to their ability to selectively exert a positive influence on individual organs or tissues. In the end achieved during operation of the proposed piece of furniture thermal effect on the user provides therapeutic efficacy against human tissues due to the expansion of microvessels and creates antibilious, anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating and other biological effects.

According to the claimed invention, useful for electrical safety and shielding from electromagnetic fields of industrial frequency currents to each of the above panel heater 5 contained on the surface facing the tissue of the user, a steel screen 13, adapted to ground and located under a layer 4 of mineral material.

The technical solution used in the proposal is hinnon electrically heated piece of furniture, allows to implement various temperature regimes in the course of its operation and provides the user individually for him high efficiency infrared radiation, which is conducive to the recovery and prevention of this user.

A distinctive feature of the warm-up of the human body in the proposed piece of furniture is that the human body is in contact with the heat radiating surfaces, the temperature of which is slightly higher than the temperature of the human body. This provides uniformity of formation of thermal field of infrared radiation and its high efficiency, as it is implemented in the wavelength range where the absorption of infrared radiation by the human body is maximum. While the human body is warmed up, mainly as a result of deep penetration of infrared radiation and intense absorption by the body. This rapid warming of the body is provided with a low and comfortable surface temperature, addressed to biotene user. Consequently, the proposed electrically heated piece of furniture can be recommended not only for healthy people, but also for a wide range of users with different disabilities.

Coercion is their phenomena implemented in the proposed piece of furniture, has improved the efficiency of the direct impact on the human body infrared radiation in the most favourable for the person wavelength range, and increase the comfort level of the rest of the person or the conditions of his work by creating the most favorable temperature and environmental conditions for warming up the body.

The technical feasibility of manufacturing and duplicating the proposed electrically heated piece of furniture is not in doubt. It boils down to the possibility of implementing the heated surfaces of supports intended for contact with the user's body, as well as automatic control of temperature of these surfaces. Technological processes of manufacture of these devices is well known and mastered by industry. Therefore, the production of electrically heated piece of furniture can be arranged in any enterprise mebelstroitorg plants.

Blend seamlessly into modern interior design apartments, cottages, offices, such electrically heated furniture, in addition to comfort, have a healing effect on the human body, allows you to replace inefficient heaters, offsetting the lack of heat in the human body when bonigen the th air temperature in the premises by individual heating.

1. Electrically heated piece of furniture, comprising a support for contact with the user, equipped with a heating device and means for regulating the temperature of a support, characterized in that recourse to the user contact surface is placed a layer of mineral material selected from the group comprising ceramics, natural stone, and the electric heating device placed under a layer of mineral material, at least part of the surface and represents at least one panel heater thermal radiation made with the possibility of heating the layer of mineral material through its thickness in the temperature range from 30 to 50°for ensure the formation of this layer of elastic acoustic waves in the ultrasonic and hypersonic ranges, with a means of temperature control is arranged to maintain a selected temperature in the layer of mineral material, which hosted a panel heater.

2. Electrically heated piece of furniture according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains at least two panel heater thermal radiation, each of which has a capability of heating the layer of mineral material, which is posted on its thickness in the temperature range of the 30 to 50° With a means of temperature control designed to regulate the temperature of each panel heater and maintain the selected temperature of the layer of mineral material, which placed the appropriate heater.

3. Electrically heated piece of furniture according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that as a means of temperature control, it contains the automatic temperature control made with the possibility of programming the selected temperature, including the temperature sensor of each panel of the heater.

4. Electrically heated piece of furniture according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that each panel heater contains steel screen fitted to the ground.

5. Electrically heated piece of furniture according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the support is executed with the possibility of placing a user in a sitting position.

6. Electrically heated piece of furniture according to claim 5, characterized in that the support provides additional support for the lower limbs of the user.

7. Electrically heated piece of furniture according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the support is executed with a possibility of placing the user in a lying position.

8. Electrically heated piece of furniture according to claim 7, characterized in that the op is RA contains additional support for the foot of the user.

9. Electrically heated piece of furniture according to claim 1, characterized in that the layer of mineral material made in the form of ergonomic surface.



 

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FIELD: furniture, particularly heated furniture piece that may be used in home, possibly for medical-prophylactic purposes.

SUBSTANCE: furniture object includes support for engaging with user having on surface layer of mineral material selected from group containing ceramics and natural stone. Support is provided at least with one electric heating device mounted at least on part of its surface turned to user and placed under layer of mineral material. Said device is in the form of panel electric heater irradiating heat for heating layer of mineral material along its thickness in temperature range 30-50°C in order to generate in said layer elastic acoustic waves in ultrasound and hyper-sound bands. Support is provided with unit for controlling temperature of heating layer of mineral material under which respective panel of electric heater is arranged.

EFFECT: enhanced comfort, intensified process of metabolism of user, keeping healthy state of user and providing prophylaxis of diseases due to heat action upon organism of user.

9 cl, 2 dwg

Medical mattress // 2277890

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has external envelope, at least one heat insulation material layer, heating element fabricated from electric conducting fibers, temperature regulator having power supply source, unit for measuring temperature having digital output, unit for calculating temperature mismatch having setting unit and switchboard connected with its input to power supply source. Unit for restricting temperature change rate designed as regression register and timer is additionally available. Its output is connected to unit for calculating temperature change rate restrictions having setting unit and pulse duration modulation signal shapers, and backward supervision which outputs are connected to the switchboard via logical AND-gate and the inputs are connected to the units for calculating temperature mismatch and temperature change rate restrictions. Regression register input is connected to pulse duration modulation shaper of direct control signal.

EFFECT: higher patient safety and device operation reliability.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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