System for remote control of commercial troubles on rolling stock

FIELD: railway transport; signaling and communication.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains U-shaped carrying installed over track. Optoelectronic car counter, train beginning pickup, wheel counter, video camera of car left side and video camera of car right side are mounted on vertical supports of carrying structure. Video camera of car roof is secured on carrying structure crossmember and searchlights are mounted on vertical supports and on crossmember. Outputs of pickups are coupled through indicator and matching unit with input of workstation system unit. Outputs of video cameras are coupled with corresponding video inputs of workstation system unit. Workstation is made for displaying image of passing train on computer monitor screen in real time simultaneously from three cameras under POLYSCREEN conditions, and also for full-screen viewing of train from one of chosen video cameras, recording of compressed video from three video cameras of hard disk, reproducing of video record and forming of video archive.

EFFECT: improved on-line detection of commercial troubles on rolling stock.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to railway transport, in particular to devices of automatics and telemechanics, carrying out surveillance of the safety, proper stowage and securing of cargo on the rolling stock, health boards, roofs of cars and tanks, availability of cargo residues and fastening accessories.

Known industrial television installation (PTU), produced by industry and designed for surveillance Equipment, industrial TV, Leningrad: Lenizdat, 1970). The lack of plants is that they require continuous operator's participation in the monitoring object.

A known system for remote control of cargo moving in railway rolling stock (EN 2138077 C1, 6 G 08 In 13/196), designed to enable rapid detection of unauthorized access of a moving train composition. In the Park of arrival is an external inspection of the rolling stock by means of a fixed television cameras overview and detailed inspection.

The shortcoming of this invention is that by visual observation of the rolling stock in real time, the operator can observe only perspective images of trains (in particular, the roof of a moving car), generated by the camera overview. Image is of Azania sides of the car are formed with detailed camera review, having a narrow field of view and is designed for imaging small objects (seals etc). With the specified cameras detailed review produce a continuous image recording fast-moving in its field of view of the search objects that cannot be directly detected by the operator visually. Recognize deviations of the image of the observed object from its initial state by comparison with the reference image and the comparison result is judged on the preservation of the cargo, the master image of the observed object pre-create the Park of departure, making a video of the rolling stock under identical driving conditions, which is then passed into the Park prior to your arrival the observed object.

You know the remote control for commercial faults in rolling stock, containing the sensor the beginning of the composition and the U-shaped bracket mounted on the rail means, the sensor accounts of carriages mounted on the support bearing structure, the camera carriage roof, hinged to the upright supporting structure and connected over the air through the unit interfacing with the workstation operator containing the VCR, personal computer (PC), a display unit (RU 2066282 C1, 6 In 61 To 9/02).

Not the OK device is installed on the crossbar of the U-shaped supporting structure one camera, not providing the opportunity for inspection of the sides of the wagons, recording video from the camera on an analog recorder, which reduces the reliability of the device, the need to install additional supports for placement of the optoelectronic sensor of the beginning of the composition. However, in its technical essence and the achieved result of this decision is closest offer.

The objective of the proposed remote monitoring systems for commercial faults in rolling stock is enabling the rapid detection of commercial failures in rolling stock, including integrity checking of locking and sealing devices, monitoring loading on the rolling stock.

The essence of the invention lies in the fact that in the system of remote control for commercial faults in rolling stock containing an optoelectronic sensor of the beginning of the composition and the U-shaped bracket mounted on the rail means, the camera carriage roof, mounted on the upright supporting structure, optoelectronic sensor bills wagons, mounted on the vertical supports of the supporting structure, the outputs of the sensors are connected through the display unit and approval by the entrance of a specialized system unit avtomatizirov the aqueous workplace, the output of which is connected monitor, additionally introduced the camera left side of the car, camera right side of the car, mounted on the vertical supports of the supporting structure, optoelectronic sensor accounts wheels and lights, with an optoelectronic sensor of the beginning of the composition, of an optoelectronic sensor counting wheels mounted on poles and floodlights on poles and bolt carrier design. The outputs of all sensors via the display unit and approvals associated with the entrance of a specialized system unit. The outputs of all cameras are connected to the corresponding inputs of a specialized system unit workstation, which is configured to output on the screen of the computer monitor in real time the video passing the composition simultaneously with three cameras in the “split screen”, as well as full-screen view of part of one of the selected cameras, recording to the hard disk of compressed video with three television cameras, play videos, and create video archives. The introduction of two additional cameras allows inspection of rolling stock from the left side of the car and right side of the car, the introduction of floodlights provides the cameras in low light conditions, the introduction of the sensor accounts wheels obespechivayuschee account of the cars when the train of cars of various types and purposes, the location of the sensor the beginning of the composition does not require the installation of additional supports.

Software workstation provides the following functions: control display unit and coordination; data logging of passing trains; the display of the video passing with three television cameras; the choice of camera for full-screen viewing; writing to the hard disk of compressed video with three television cameras; storing video images, limited only by hard disk size; view video archive on the PC display in a window or full-screen mode, a playback image with an arbitrary speed in forward and reverse direction; frame advance and freeze mode; search video by time of passage of the composition, ordinal car; the arbitrary scaling of the image areas in the freeze mode; transfer on LAN message with information about the composition.

The technical result of the proposed system is to provide visual inspection of rolling stock from the left side of the carriage, the carriage roof and right side of the car when it passes in the area of control through camera left side of the car, camera in the roof of the car and the camera right side bar is on in real time on the screen of the computer monitor in the "split screen" (simultaneous display of the three images) and in the playback mode, the recorded video information from one randomly selected television the camera on full screen. In the automatic mode provides a record of the images from the three cameras on the hard disk of a specialized system unit workstation in the following modes: a comprehensive record of information of the three cameras; recording with accompanying information “current time, date, serial number of the car”. Provides the ability to play videos in the following modes: view in slow motion for a detailed identification of the defects of the car; a comprehensive view videos (three species) on the monitor; view each of the three species on the full monitor screen; freeze frame when an image of the car; mode zoom any area of the screen.

With the passage of the composition in the control zone is provided the possibility of creating a video archive.

Figure 1 shows the block diagram of the system. Figure 2 presents the scheme

the location of the system on the supporting structure.

On a supporting structure fixed: camera left side of the car (TC), the camera carriage roof (TK), camera right side of the car (TC), the sensor counting cars (vers), the sensor accounts wheels (DSC), the sensor beginning composition (BPS). Each sensor is a two-position device, consisting of a block of the radiator (BI) and receiver unit (ru). Those who avizieniai camera TK-TK are installed in a special protective container thermostats KT1-CT respectively, sensors - in heated containers. Part of the automated workplace (AWP) is a specialized system unit (PRS), a computer monitor (M), hub (6), the display unit and approval (BIS). To ensure operation in low light conditions the system has a group of projectors, which are fixed on a supporting structure and provide illumination zones surveillance TV cameras. Turning on the lights in the dark is performed automatically by the photocell. PRS workstation equipped with video capture cards (1-3), multiport card (4) and network card (5). Television cameras TK-TK connected with video 1-3 specialized system unit, respectively. The operation of the display unit and approval of PC is in the process of exchange over the communication channel in accordance with standard RS-232. The power supply from an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).

The system works as follows.

At the entrance of the composition in the control zone locomotive crosses the beam BPS. Information about the intersection of the beam is formed BP sensor, the output signal at the BIS. BIS generates an electrical pulse and transmits on a multiport serial card 4 PRS arm signal for the beginning of video recording. Video from TC-TC act respectively on the video the moves 1-3 PRS arm, and is displayed on the monitor information from the television cameras. BIS provides an account of the wagons in the control zone to overlap DSK and vers. When triggered vers BIS generates an electrical impulse to control overlay on the video service information and transmits on a multiport serial card 4 PRS arm current number of the car. Logical processing of video signals and signals from BIS is a special algorithm that provides the following functions: data logging on passing trains; the display of the video passing with three television cameras; the choice of camera for full-screen viewing; writing to the hard disk of compressed video with three television cameras; storing video images, limited only by hard disk size; view video archive on the PC display in a window or full-screen mode, a playback image with an arbitrary speed in forward and reverse direction; frame advance and freeze mode; search video by time of passage of the composition, sequence the number of the car; the arbitrary scaling of the image areas in the freeze mode; transfer on LAN message with information about the composition.

The geometry of the installation of cameras and sensors relative to the supporting structure has both peivate a number of special requirements:

- for mounting cameras to the vertical supports and the bar television cameras using special clamps, covering the vertical supports and the place of their installation on the crossbar;

in order to obtain a complete and high-quality images of the walls and roof of the car body Luggage left side of the car (TC) and the camera right side of the car (TC) are installed at a height of 3 m from the rail head, and Luggage the roof of the car (TC) at a height of 9.4 m on the bar (along the longitudinal axis path);

on the vertical supports are mounted by means of clamps emitters and receivers sensors;

- BI and BF DSK installed at a height of 80 mm from the rail head;

BI vers are installed at a height of H=0,213(5868+L2)mm, where L2 is the measured distance from the center of the railroad track to the center of the right support (the level of the rail head); CF vers are installed at a height of H=0,213(5 868-L1)mm, where L1 is the distance measured from the center of the railroad track to the center of the left support (the level of the rail heads);

- BI and BF BPS installed at a height of 2.6 m from the rail head;

- power television cameras, lighting and sensors, as well as the transmission of video signals is carried out according to the relevant cables.

The geometry of the installation of the supporting structure should provide a number of special requirements:

- the distance the t of the supporting structure to the nearest switch must be at least 30 m (both sides);

the axis of each of the vertical supports must be at a distance of not less than 3800 mm from the longitudinal axis of the path;

- height from the rail head to the lower zones of the beams is not less than 9400 mm;

- must be provided by the symmetrical arrangement of the installed vertically supports the supporting structure relative to the longitudinal axis of the path.

The system of remote monitoring of commercial failures in rolling stock, containing the sensor the beginning of the composition and the U-shaped bracket mounted on the rail means, the camera carriage roof, mounted on the crossbar of the supporting structure, the sensor accounts wagons, mounted on the vertical supports of the supporting structure, the outputs of the sensors are connected through the display unit and approval by the input of the system unit workstation, characterized in that it introduced floodlights mounted on the supporting structure, camera left side of the car and the camera right side of the car, mounted on the vertical supports of the supporting structure, and the sensor accounts wheels, this sensor the beginning of the composition and the sensor counting wheels mounted on vertical supports of the supporting structure, the sensor output accounts of the wheels is connected through the display unit and approval by the input of the system unit workstation, the outputs of which all cameras are connected to the corresponding inputs of the system unit workstation, which has a capability of displaying on the screen of the computer monitor in real time the video passing the composition simultaneously with three cameras in the “split screen”, as well as full-screen view of part of one of the selected cameras, recording to the hard disk of compressed video with three television cameras, play videos, and create video archive.



 

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