Method for diagnosing human self-organization process structure

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out situation, planning, self-control and correction analysis. Volitional effort is included into functional self-organization process structure components. Functional self-organization process structure components characterize the following individual human specific characteristics: 1) goal-setting as taking and retaining aims; 2) situation analysis as revealing and analyzing circumstances essential from the point of view of achieving the set goal; 3) planning as scheduling private activity; 4) volitional effort as changing private activity sense; 5) self-control as controlling and estimating private actions; 6) correction as adjusting private goals, situation analysis, plan of actions, private activity sense, estimation criteria and self-control forms. Human self-organization process structure diagnosis is set after relaxation training aimed at relieving emotional effort and overfatigue. The relaxation training is exercised in coachman position with calming musical accompaniment and comprises the following stages: 1) respiratory exercises (inspiration duration is equal to expiration one, breath is hold between the inspiration and expiration for a time twice as short as inspiration time) 4 min long; 2) relaxation exercises (invoking heaviness and warmth sensation) of head, arms, legs and body -8 min long; 3) rest in maximum relaxation state - 4 min long.

EFFECT: high accuracy of diagnosis.

3 cl, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to the psychology of individual differences and can be used in psychological counseling, selection and other

A known method for the diagnosis of the type of temperament on the scale of "sensory - rationalism", "kinesthesia - intuition, emotion - logic", "extraversion - introversion" (patent RF №2153286, MKI: 61 5/16 In, 07.08.1997,) and method for the diagnosis of personality type on the scale of "intuition - logic", "process status", "facts - relations", "extraversion - introversion" (patent RF №2203619, MKI: 61 5/16 In, 18.07.2001,). However, these methods do not allow to diagnose the structure of the self-organization process of a person.

Any way to diagnose patterns of self-organization process based on any model of the process. A holistic model of self-government Nmissoula (Pasahow NM regularities of the dynamics of psychic phenomena. - Kazan: Publishing house of Kazan. University, 1984) contains the following components: forecasting, goal setting, planning, self-monitoring and self-correction. However, firstly, this model refers to the process of self-government and, secondly, there is no way to diagnose the structure of the process of self-government.

The model tentatively research activity (the Formation of systems thinking in education: a textbook for high schools / Under the editorship of Prof. Shareislove. - M.: UNITY-THE ANA, 2002. - P.31-34) includes the following stages:

1. Motivationally-target - there is a selection of purpose (intended outcome).

2. Research - analyzed the research program: logic, structure and sequence of actions.

3. Estimated planning - based plan future activities.

4. Control and evaluation - monitored the implementation of the plan, evaluation of actions and operations, compliance, identification of possible deviations.

5. Correction - correction in the case of deviations from the norm.

However, the model Shareislove refers to orienting-investigative activity, and in it there is no way to diagnose the structure of the process about research activities.

Closest to the proposed invention is a method of diagnosis patterns of self-organization process of a person Aoustin (Ustinov AO Formation of skills of self-organization and self-educational activity of students: Dis.... Kida. PED. Sciences. - Chelyabinsk, 2000), including the identification of levels of development of the functional components of the structure of the self-organization process, which include goal setting, situation analysis, planning, self-monitoring and correction. As the main components, the functionality is through the structure of academic self-organization Aoustin highlights: 1) clarifying objectives : learning tasks; 2) analysis of the conditions of the educational activity; 3) planning the progress of training activities; 4) selection of optimal methods of rational ways of achieving the objectives of the training activity; 5) the phased implementation of training activities; 6) self-evaluation of the work done; 7) analysis of training activities; 8) improving the process of training activities. Based on the unity of self-organization and self-control, AO Ustinov considers the following stages of implementation of self-organizing and self-learning activities:

1. About target at this stage is recognized and specified the purpose of educational activity on the basis of which States the aim of self-organization and self-management of learning activities, anticipated results.

2. Theoretical and diagnostic analyses the state of the educational activity and the conditions of its implementation, its operating results; diagnosis and fixing problems of educational activity, theoretical analysis of their causes, is set dependence study results from the organization of the process.

3. Design-build - implemented planning and design process of educational activity. In accordance with this determined the content of self-organization and self-control is the planning process is ur self-organization and self-management learning activities and design related processes.

4. Technology - going training activities, organized in a certain way, keeping the subject of the doctrine beyond its progress and results.

5. Estimated-reflective - estimated the work, draws conclusions about its results. The criterion for evaluating the effectiveness of training activities is reflective position of a student, his attitude towards learning. Also evaluated the prospects of improving the forms, techniques and methods of educational work, the effective use of experience studying comrades considering its features.

6. Correction - corrected errors, eliminates mistakes in the work, outlines the ways and means of improving the educational activity on the basis of theoretical understanding and creative application of knowledge, abilities and skills of self-organization and self-management of learning activities.

However, the way to diagnose patterns of self-organization process of a person Aoustin cannot provide sufficient accuracy of diagnosis, as this model does not contain all the essential functional components of the structure of the self-organization process (no conation). Moreover, even the existing models Aoustin functional components of the structure of the process of self-organization characterize the individual characteristics of the human is in an incomplete (truncated form) that also affects the accuracy of diagnosis.

The purpose of the invention is improving the accuracy of diagnostic patterns of self-organization process of a person.

This goal is achieved by the fact that in the method for the diagnosis of patterns of self-organization process of the individual, including the identification of levels of development of the functional components of the structure of the self-organization process, which include goal setting, situation analysis, planning, self-monitoring and correction, according to the invention in the functional components of the structure of the self-organization process included the effort and functional components of the structure of the process of self-organization is characterized by the following individual characteristics of a person:

1) goal setting - adoption and retention purposes;

2) situation analysis - the identification and analysis of the circumstances essential to achieving the goal;

3) planning - planning own work;

4) the effort - changing the meaning of one's own actions;

5) self - monitoring and evaluation of their own actions, mental processes and States;

6) correction - correction of own goals, situation analysis, action plan, and the meaning of their own actions, evaluation criteria and forms of self-control.

In addition, diagnosis, patterns of self-organization process of the human is and is carried out after relaxation training, aimed at relieving emotional stress and fatigue. When this relaxation training is conducted in the pose of “the coachman” (sitting, not leaning back, drawing on the full foot, hands rest on your hips, head slightly lowered forward), with soothing sounds (nature sounds, water splashes, rain and others) and includes the following steps:

1) breathing exercises (inhale equal to the exhalation between breaths - breath, two times shorter of breath) - 4 minutes;

2) relaxation exercises (invoke feelings of heaviness and warmth) muscles of the head, arms, legs and torso - 8 minutes;

3) rest in a state of maximum relaxation - 4 minutes.

Most researchers distinguish five major functional components of the structure of the process of self-organization: 1) goal setting, (2) analysis, 3) planning, 4) self-control, 5) correction. However, testing the significance of these components using a specially designed questionnaire for the pilot group subjects showed that the selected components of the structure of the process of self-organization does not keep people who are able to effectively implement their goals and plans, from people who have the opposite characteristics, it is not able to conclude their plans, not capable of volitional effort to mobilize their physical and mental is the cue strength to overcome obstacles, emerging on the way to the goal. In this regard, the structure of the self-organization process was introduced component “conation”characterizing features mobilization of a person's capabilities and the concentration of activity in the right direction. The psychological mechanism of willpower (volitional actions, volitional regulation is changing the meaning of actions, which provided the necessary incentive for him, initiating activities and supporting it during implementation (Ivannikov, VA Psychological mechanisms of voluntary regulation. - M.: Moscow state University press, 1991). Noting that the change of the meaning of actions leads to behavior change, Vaimanika identifies the following ways to change the meaning of action: through the changing significance of the motif or subject needs; through the change in the role or position of the person; through the foresight and experience of the consequences of acting or refraining from its implementation; by setting more specific goals, etc. resulting from the addition of a new component (volitional regulation) structure looks like this: 1) goal setting, (2) analysis, 3) planning, 4) conation, 5) self-control, 6) correction.

Each of the components of the structure of the self-organization process includes the entire cycle, and, therefore, each element of m is Delhi can be considered as a set of mini-processes, repeating on the composition and sequence structure “big” process of self-organization. For example, the planning phase can be decomposed into the following mini-processes:

1) Elaboration and adoption of the goal of the planning process.

2) analysis of the characteristics of the situation planning.

3) Planning the planning process.

4) the effort aimed at changing the meaning of the planning process, which ensures the initiation of the planning process and maintaining it during implementation.

5) Self-control in the planning process.

6) Correction of the planning process and created a plan.

Based on the foregoing, the resulting model was called holographic, because one of the great features of a hologram is that if the separation of the hologram into parts, each part retains the image of the whole object. In the holographic model of the process of self-organization of each component (part) is a collection of mini-processes that mimic the composition and consistency of the overall process.

Verification of the responses of the subjects to the questions of the questionnaire diagnostic patterns of self-organization process was carried out using the appropriate scale questionnaire PEN of Hans and Sybil Eysenck (Best psychological tests dnepropetr and career counseling. Description and instructions for use / Resp. edit Appcatalog. - Petrozavodsk: Petroc, 1992). The test results showed that the reliability of the responses is increased by 18-20%, if the diagnostic test performed relaxation training aimed at relieving emotional stress and fatigue. The greatest diagnostic accuracy patterns of self-organization process is achieved in the case of training in the pose of “the coachman” (sitting, not leaning back, drawing on the full foot, hands rest on your hips, head slightly lowered forward) and with soothing sounds (nature sounds, water splashes, rain and other) according to the following scheme: 1) breathing exercises (inhale equal to the exhalation between breaths - breath, two times shorter of breath) - 4 minutes; 2) relaxation exercises (invoke feelings of heaviness and warmth) muscles of the head, arms, legs and torso - 8 minutes; 3) rest in a state of maximum relaxation - 4 minutes.

The proposed method allows to diagnose patterns of self-organization process with greater accuracy, because it takes into account the functional component (conation), which is absent in the known methods (models) diagnostics. In addition, the diagnostic accuracy is improved by anticipating its relaxation training, aimed at removed the e emotional stress and fatigue. The maximum accuracy of diagnostics of the structure of the process of self-organization is achieved by carrying out relaxation training as described above.

The method is as follows.

Selected technique (appropriate questionnaire or instrumental studies), which will be diagnosing patterns of self-organization process. Before the diagnosis is carried out with subjects relaxation training aimed at relieving emotional stress and fatigue. Then using the method chosen to identify the levels of development of each of the six functional components (goals, situation analysis, planning, the effort of self-control, correction) of the integral structure of the self-organization process of the test. Moreover, the functional components of the structure of the process of self-organization is characterized by the following individual characteristics of a person:

1) goal setting - adoption and retention purposes;

2) situation analysis - the identification and analysis of the circumstances essential to achieving the goal;

3) planning - planning own work;

4) the effort - regulation of the man's own actions, mental processes and States by changing a meaning of its own actions;

5) self - monitoring and evaluation of own the action, mental processes and States;

6) correction - correction of their own goals, methods and orientation analysis of the essential facts of the action plan, conation, evaluation criteria and forms of self-control, that is, correction of behavior in General.

Identified levels of development of functional components characterize individual differences in patterns of self-organization process of the test.

An example of the method.

Respondent N. (27 years old) turned in psychological Advisory service in connection with the complexities that arise in professional practice because of the inability to organize their own work and the work of their subordinates.

The subject was given a questionnaire Structure the process of self-organization”, which contains 41 questions (Ishkov A.D. Diagnostics features of the structure of the process of self-organization (for example, of educational activity of students of a technical College). Moscow state construction University. - M., 2003. - 21 S. - Dept. in VINITI 27.10.2003, No. 1865-2003), and, after the Respondent has answered all questions, the consultant has estimated the level of development of each of the functional components of the structure of the self-organization process. The test N. they amounted to the following :

Table 1
No.ScaleThe percentage of the maximum possible total points
1.Goal setting45
2.Situation analysis53
3.Planning70
4.Conation64
5.Self-control72
6.Correction68
7.The overall level of self-organization62

The results of the diagnostics showed that the Respondent should pay attention to such components of the structure of the self-organization process as goal setting and analysis of the situation, which have a lower level of development compared with other components. Further remedial work was carried out taking into account the individual peculiarities of the structure of the self-organization process of the Respondent, that is, was aimed at developing skills of goal setting and situation analysis, which allowed to resolve its problems in professional activity, significantly increase its efficiency and to significantly improve the self-esteem of the client.

1. The way to diagnose patterns of self-organization process of the individual, including the identification of levels of development of functional whom is onenew patterns of self-organization process, which include goal setting, situation analysis, planning, self-monitoring and correction, characterized in that the functional components of the structure of the self-organization process included the effort and functional components of the structure of the process of self-organization is characterized by the following individual characteristics of a person: 1) goal setting - making and retention goals; 2) situation analysis - the identification and analysis of the circumstances essential to achieving the goal; 3) planning - planning own work; 4) the effort - changes the meaning of its own actions; 5) self - monitoring and evaluation of their own actions, mental processes and States; 6) correction - the correction of their own goals, situation analysis, action plan, and the meaning of their own actions, evaluation criteria and forms of self-control.

2. The diagnostic method according to claim 1, characterized in that the diagnostic patterns of self-organization process of a person is carried out after relaxation training, aimed at relieving emotional stress and fatigue.

3. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that relaxation training is held in the position “Kucher” with a soothing soundtrack and includes the following steps:

1) breathing exercises (inhale equal to exhale, between inhalation and exhalation for Erika breath, two times shorter of breath) - 4 min;

2) relaxation exercises (invoke feelings of heaviness and warmth) muscles of the head, arms, legs and torso - 8 min;

3) rest in a state of maximum relaxation - 4 minutes



 

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