Heat supply system

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: system has heat source - heat carrier heater, connected to vortex pipe, connected to heat consumer by feeding and backward pipeline of heat carrier. Into feeding pipeline of heat carrier pipeline of hot stream of heat carrier is connected, projecting from vortex pipe, and pipeline of cold flow of heat carrier outputted from vortex pipe is connected to suck-in branch pipe of heat carrier forcing pump, while cold flow of heat carrier passes through heat exchange device, into which heat carrier of outer source of low-potential heat is fed.

EFFECT: higher effectiveness.

1 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of power engineering and can be used in the systems of heat supply of cities.

Known counterparts - heating system containing a heat source connected to a heat consumer supply and return piping of the heat carrier (see the book Gnjilane, V.I. Lebedev, Baismakova “heat Generating plants”, M, stroiizdat, 1986, Fig. 10.2 on s). This analog adopted as a prototype.

The disadvantage of analogs and prototypes is reduced economical and environmentally friendly heating.

The technical result achieved by the present invention is to increase the efficiency of heat supply by the utilization of low heat capacity and environmental friendliness due to the absence of harmful emissions from the heat source to the atmosphere.

To achieve this result, a heating system containing a heat source connected to a heat consumer supply and return piping of the heat carrier.

The distinction of the proposed system is that as a heat source installed supercharger coolant connected to the vortex tube, the supercharger coolant and vortex tube with out piping hot heat transfer stream is included in the supply pipe of the coolant piping cold is Otok fluid vortex tube connected to the inlet side of the supercharger coolant and a source of low grade heat.

Installation as a heat source supercharger coolant connected to the vortex tube, the inclusion in the supply pipe of the coolant compressor fluid and vortex tube with out piping hot stream of fluid connection to the inlet side of the supercharger coolant piping cold flow of the vortex tube and the connection of the pipeline cold flow vortex tube with a source of low grade heat allow to increase the efficiency of heat through heat recovery from low potential cold stream of coolant coming out of the vortex tube and environmentally friendly due to the absence of harmful emissions from the heat source to the atmosphere.

Conducted by the applicant's analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical sources, and identify sources that contain information about the equivalents of the claimed invention, has allowed to establish that the applicant had not discovered similar, characterized by the signs of the claimed invention. The definition from the list of identified unique prototype as the most similar essential features of the analog revealed the essential in relation to the technical result of the distinctive features described in formulas the invention.

Therefore, the claimed invention meets the condition of “novelty”.

To verify compliance of the claimed invention the term “inventive step”, the applicant conducted an additional search of the known solutions to identify signs that match the distinctive features of the prototype of the characteristics of the claimed method. The search results showed that the claimed invention not apparent to the expert in the obvious way from the prior art because the prior art defined by the applicant, not identified impact provided the essential features of the claimed invention transformations to achieve a technical result.

In particular, the claimed invention is not provided by the addition of known means of any known part attached to it according to certain rules to achieve a technical result, in respect of which it is the effect of such additions.

Therefore, the claimed invention meets the condition of “inventive step”.

Next, consider the information, confirming the possibility of carrying out the invention with getting the required technical result.

The drawing shows a schematic diagram of the heating system. The heating system includes a vortex tube 1 connected pressure the pipeline 2 to the supercharger coolant 3. Vortex tube 1 feed piping hot stream 4 is connected to the user 5, and piping cold stream 6 is connected to the suction pipe of the compressor of the heat carrier 3, to which is also connected to return line 7 user 5. In the pipeline for cold flow 6 includes a heat exchanger 8, is connected to the pipeline external source of low grade heat 9.

The heating system works as follows.

The fluid enters the vortex tube 1 through the pressure pipe 2 through the supercharger coolant 3. Hot stream separated in the vortex tube on the hot and cold streams of coolant through the piping hot stream 4 is fed to the consumer 5 and the cold stream pipeline cold stream 6 enters the suction inlet of the compressor of the heat carrier 3, and a cold flow of coolant passes through the heat exchanger 8, in which the pipe 9 enters the coolant external source of low grade heat, thereby utilized low-grade heat source of the heat. Chilled at the consumer coolant in the return line 7 is supplied to the suction pipe of the compressor of the heat carrier 3.

The efficiency of heat is enhanced by the utilization of heat from the low potential cold flow of the m carrier, coming out of the vortex tube, and environmentally friendly heat supply increases due to the absence of harmful emissions from the heat source to the atmosphere.

The above data confirm that the implementation of the use of the claimed system, the following cumulative conditions:

- a means of embodying the claimed heating system is approved for use in industry in the field of heat;

- for the claimed system, as described in the claims, confirmed the possibility of its implementation using the steps described in the application of tools and methods;

- heating system embodying the claimed invention, it is able to achieve the desired technical result.

Therefore, the claimed invention meets the condition of “industrial applicability”.

Heating system containing a heat source - supercharger coolant, connected to the vortex tube connected to the heat consumer supply and return piping of the heat carrier, characterized in that in the supply pipe of the heat carrier included leaving the vortex tube piping hot heat carrier flow and the pipeline of cold flow of the coolant emerging from the vortex tube connected to the suction section is a tube compressor coolant, moreover, the cold flow of coolant passes through the heat exchanger, in which the pipeline enters the coolant external source of low grade heat.



 

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Heat supply system // 2252366

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: system has heat source - heat carrier heater, connected to vortex pipe, connected to heat consumer by feeding and backward pipeline of heat carrier. Into feeding pipeline of heat carrier pipeline of hot stream of heat carrier is connected, projecting from vortex pipe, and pipeline of cold flow of heat carrier outputted from vortex pipe is connected to suck-in branch pipe of heat carrier forcing pump, while cold flow of heat carrier passes through heat exchange device, into which heat carrier of outer source of low-potential heat is fed.

EFFECT: higher effectiveness.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises heating and forced circulation of heat-transfer agent with the use of a piston machine, heating the heat-transfer agent up to the steam condition with the pressure that provides rotation of the crankshaft with the use of electric pulses generated from the signals from the pickups of position of the crankshaft, and supplying the heated agent to the mixer and heating apparatus.

EFFECT: reduced cost and expanded functional capabilities.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering, particularly urban heat-supplying systems.

SUBSTANCE: method involves heating heat-transfer medium in heat source; supplying thereof to heat consumer and returning heat-transfer medium in heat source. Vortex tube with heat-transfer medium pump is used as the heat source. Heat-transfer medium is divided inside vortex tube into hot and cold heat-transfer medium flows. Hot heat-transfer medium flow is supplied to consumer, cold one exiting vortex tube is returned to inlet pipe of the pump. Heat from remote low-potential heat source is applied to cold heat-transfer medium flow exiting the vortex tube.

EFFECT: increased economy due to low-potential heat utilization.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: automatic control systems, namely controlling air temperature in rooms heated by means of open heat supply systems.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus is designed for controlling air temperature in room heated by means of open heat supply system having circuits of common and secondary circulation with direct and reverse main lines. Each circuit includes circulation pump with drive unit and revolution number regulator. Main line of pump of secondary circulation circuit is connected with outlet of pressure controller and main line of pump of common circulation circuit is connected with outlet of air temperature controller. Apparatus also includes pickup for detecting temperature of reverse heat transfer agent at outlet of heating system. Heat quantity meter is mounted at outlet of circulation pump of direct main line of common circulation. Flow rate meter of heat transfer agent is mounted at outlet of circulation pump of secondary circulation circuit.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of apparatus, lowered flow rate of heat transfer agent of common circulation circuit at maximum use of energy potential of heat transfer agent and increased flow rate of heat transfer agent of additional circulation circuit, optimal heat consumption and electric energy cost in drive units of pumps.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: energy conversion into heat by liquid parameter change, particularly to obtain heat used in raw hydrocarbon gathering, preparation and refining, in chemistry and oil chemistry, to heat hydrogen-containing liquid polluted with mechanical injuries, salt and gels.

SUBSTANCE: method involves creating vortex flow of cavitating liquid by utilizing liquid pressure and providing following linear liquid flow; providing cavitating liquid flow rotation at speed which provides creation of central and peripheral areas in which positive and negative ions of dissociated liquid molecules are accumulated during cavitation thereof. The negative ions are gathered in peripheral area under the action of centrifugal force. Positive ions having lesser mass are accumulated in central area of liquid flow. This results in obtaining potential difference between central and peripheral areas of liquid flow.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of liquid flow energy conversion into heat along with electric power obtaining.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heat supply systems.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises supplying and return pipelines, supplying and return stand pipes connected with them, and heating members mounted in the rooms of the building. The heating members are connected only with the supplying stand pipes, or heating members are connected only to the return stand pipes.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heat engineering, in particular, vortex-type heat generators, may be used as heat energy source in heating and waster supply systems.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has pump with electric engine and cylindrical reservoir, which are mounted on frame equipped with vibratory supports made from resilient material. Speeding-up device immovably located within reservoir consists of conical liquid flow accelerator, liquid medium vortex unit, and pipeline extending along reservoir, with said parts of speeding-up device being rigidly connected with one another. Braking device is made in the form of plate which simultaneously serves as bracket for fixed mounting of speeding-up device within reservoir. Reservoir is hydraulically connected with pump via pipelines provided with inlet and outlet apertures serving for connection to heating and hot water supply system. Conical housing fixed on electric engine is functioning as diffuser. Air valve is installed at upper point of reservoir for removal of air accumulated in apparatus. Cylindrical surface and ends of reservoir are covered with heat- and sound insulating material.

EFFECT: increased heat output of apparatus, reduced heat energy losses, increased mechanical stability and improved ergonomic factors.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying heat-transfer agent to the heating unit made of a vortex pipe by means of a pump, branching the flow at the exit of the vortex pipe into the cold and hot flows, supplying the hot flow to the consumer and returning it to the heat-transfer agent pump, and supplying the cold flow to the heat-transfer agent pump through the main entrance to the heating circuit of the heat exchanger. Downstream of the consumer, the hot heat-transfer agent flow is branched into two flows. One of the flows is directed to the heat-transfer agent pump, and the other flow is directed to the heat-transfer agent pump through the additional inlet of the heating circuit of the heat exchanger. The hot flow is branched by means of a control unit whose inputs receive signals from temperature gages set in the pipelined at the entrance to the control unit and at the exit through which the flow of low-potential heat is discharged from the cooling circuit of the heat exchanger.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying heat-transfer agent to a heater made of a vortex pipe and branching the heat-transfer agent flow into cold and hot flows. The hot flow of heat-transfer agent is supplied to the consumed and is returned through the piping unit to the heating unit. The cold flow of heat-transfer agent is supplied to the heat exchanger where it is heated by means of a source of external heat and is supplied to the units for mixing it with the hot flow of the heat-transfer agent. The amount of heat supplied to the heat exchanger from the external source is controlled in order to keep constant the temperature of the heat-transfer agent discharging from the mixing unit. The temperature of the cold heat-transfer agent flow is controlled at the entrance to the heat exchanger. The temperature of the mixed flow of the heat-transfer agent is controlled downstream of the mixing unit.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat power engineering end it can be used in open heat supply systems of residential, public and industrial buildings at dependent connection to heat network. Proposed method of automatic control of combined heat load of heat points of open heat supply system with dependent connection of risers of circulation circuit of hot water supply system, heating ventilation and water-to-water elevator of heating system equipped mainly with commercial heat energy metering unit provides maintaining of normal water temperature for hot water supply and required air temperature in heated rooms defined by actual operating conditions of centralized heat supply system within limited values. Amount of heat getting into heating system and water dispensing risers of hot water supply is changed depending on absolute current temperature of ambient air, and heating schedule at output of heat supply system at noncontrolled increase of not water consumption for domestic needs and changing load in heating ventilation is executed as close as possible. Device for automatic control of combined heat load is described in invention. Invention provides, within the limits of heat accumulating capacity of barriers of heated building, a closed cycle of compensation of heat losses at changes of ambient air temperature without waiting for changes of thermal conditions of operation of heat supply system and increased efficiency of control owing to maintaining constant summary flow rate of heat carrier in heat supply system which provides designed (when necessary, required) heat consumption of object and reduction of flow rate of high temperature heat carrier up to 20-30%.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of high temperature heat carrier.

4 cl, 2 dwg

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